Acoustics - Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements - Part 3: Measurement of impact sound insulation (ISO 10140-3:2010)

ISO 10140-3:2010 specifies laboratory methods for measuring the impact sound insulation of floor assemblies.
The test results can be used to compare the sound insulation properties of building elements, classify elements according to their sound insulation capabilities, help design building products which require certain acoustic properties and estimate the in situ performance in complete buildings.

Akustik - Messung der Schalldämmung von Bauteilen im Prüfstand - Teil 3: Messung der Trittschalldämmung (ISO 10140-3:2010)

Dieser Teil der ISO 10140 legt Verfahren zur Messung der Trittschalldämmung von Deckenkonstruktionen im Prüfstand fest.
Die Prüfergebnisse können angewendet werden, um die Schalldämmeigenschaften von Bauteilen zu vergleichen, Bauteile nach ihrer Schalldämmfähigkeit zu klassifizieren, die Konstruktion von Bauprodukten zu unterstützen, die bestimmte akustische Eigenschaften aufweisen müssen und um die Leistung im eingebauten Zustand im vollständigen Gebäude abzuschätzen.
Die Messungen werden in Laborprüfständen durchgeführt, in denen eine Schallübertragung über Flankenwege unterdrückt wird. Die Ergebnisse der nach diesem Teil der ISO 10140 durchgeführten Messungen sind nicht direkt auf die Situation in der Praxis anwendbar, ohne dass andere Faktoren wie Flankenübertragung, Randbedingungen und Verlustfaktor, die die Schalldämmung beeinflussen können, berücksichtigt werden.
Es wird ein Prüfverfahren festgelegt, bei dem das Norm Hammerwerk (siehe ISO 10140-5:2010, Anhang E) verwendet wird, um Trittschallquellen wie Schritte von einer Person, die Schuhe trägt, nachzubilden. Dieser Teil der ISO 10140 gilt für alle Arten von Decken (sowohl in schwerer als auch in leichter Ausführung) mit allen Arten von Deckenauflagen. Das Prüfverfahren gilt nur für Messungen im Prüfstand.
ANMERKUNG   Haben die Messungen der Trittschalldämmung eine starke Korrelation zwischen einer „wirklichen“ Trittschallquelle (z. B. eine gehende Person oder springende Kinder) und einer künstlichen Trittschallquelle (z. B. ein Hammerwerk) zum Ziel, ist vorgesehen, dass beide Quellen das gleiche eingeleitete Kraftspektrum anwenden, um die korrekte Einordnung von Decken und Deckenauflagen für die „wirkliche“ und die künstliche Quelle sicherzustellen und dass die Impedanzspektren der Quellen gleich sind. Ist die „wirkliche“ Trittschallquelle eine ohne Schuhe gehende Person und die künstliche Quelle ein Norm Hammerwerk wie das in Abschnitt 4 festgelegte, ist die Korrelation nicht stark.
Ein alternatives Verfahren, bei dem eine schwere/weiche Trittschallquelle verwendet wird, um die Trittschalldämmung einer Decke gegen Trittschallquellen mit starken tieffrequenten Komponenten wie Schritte von Personen (barfuß) oder springenden Kindern zu bewerten, wird in Anhang A vorgestellt. Alternative Trittschallquellen (d. h. ein Vorschlag zur Modifikation des Norm Hammerwerks, um dessen dynamische Quelleneigenschaften denen einer barfuß gehenden Person anzupassen, sowie eine schwere/weiche Trittschallquelle mit dynamischen Quelleneigenschaften ähnlich denen springender Kinder) sind in ISO 10140-5:2010, Anhang F, definiert.
Ein Verfahren zur Prüfung von Deckenauflagen ist in ISO 10140-1:2010, Anhang H, für ein  oder mehrlagige Auflagen, die auf bestimmten Bezugsdecken eingebaut sind, beschrieben. Mehrlagige Auflagen können vormontiert sein oder am Prüfort montiert werden.

Acoustique - Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation acoustique des éléments de construction - Partie 3: Mesurage de l'isolation au bruit de choc (ISO 10140-3:2010)

L'ISO 10140-3:2010 spécifie des méthodes de mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation au bruit de choc des planchers.
Les résultats d'essai peuvent être utilisés pour comparer les propriétés d'isolation acoustique des éléments de construction, classer ces éléments selon leurs aptitudes d'isolation acoustique, aider à concevoir des produits de construction nécessitant certaines propriétés acoustiques, et évaluer la performance in situ dans des bâtiments complets.

Akustika - Laboratorijsko merjenje zvočne izolirnosti gradbenih elementov - 3. del: Merjenje izolirnosti pred udarnim zvokom (ISO 10140-3:2010)

Ta del ISO 10140 določa laboratorijske metode za merjenje izolirnosti montaž tal pred udarnim zvokom. Rezultati preskusov se lahko uporabijo za primerjavo lastnosti izolirnosti gradbenih elementov pred zvokom in za klasifikacijo elementov v skladu z njihovimi zmožnostmi izolirnosti zvoka, pomagajo pri snovanju gradbenih izdelkov, ki zahtevajo določene akustične značilnosti, in pri ocenjevanju in situ zmogljivosti v dokončanih zgradbah.   Ukrepi se izvedejo v laboratorijskih preskusnih objektih, v katerih je bočni prenos zvoka zadušen. Rezulatati merjenj, izvedenih v skladu s tem delom ISO 10140, ne veljajo neposredno za situacijo na terenu, brez upoštevanih drugih dejavnikov, ki vplivajo na zvočno izolirnost, kot so bočni prenos, mejni pogoji in dejavnik izgube. Določena je preskusna metoda, ki uporablja standardni stroj za lahko trkanje (glej 10140-5:2010, Dodatek E) za simulacijo virov zvoka, kot so človeške stopinje, kadar oseba nosi čevlje. Ta del ISO 10140 velja za vse vrste tal (težke ali lahke) z vsemi vrstami talnih oblog. Preskusna metoda velja zgolj za laboratorijska merjenja. Druga metoda, z uporabo močnega/blagega vira udarnega zvoka za ocenjevanje zvočne izolirnosti tal pred udarnim zvokom iz virov udarnega zvoka z močnimi komponentami nizkih frekvenc, kot so človeške stopinje (gola stopala) ali otroci, ki skačejo, je podana v Dodatku A. Drugi viri udarnega zvoka (tj. predlagano spreminjanje standardnega stroja za lahko trkanje na način, da so njegove značilnosti dinamične vira, podobne značilnostim osebe, ki hodi bosa, in močnemu/blagemu viru udarnega zvoka z značilnostmi dinamičnimi vira, podobnimi otrokom, ki skačejo), so opredeljeni v ISO 10140-5: 2010, Dodatku F. Metoda za preskušanje talnih oblog je opisana v ISO 10140-1:2010, Dodatku H, za eno ali več plastne talne obloge, nameščene na določena referenčna tla. V primeru več plastnih oblog so le-te lahko sestavljene v tovarni ali na preskusnem mestu.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-Aug-2010
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
05-May-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
01-december-2010
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 20140-10:1997
SIST EN ISO 140-1:1998
SIST EN ISO 140-1:1998/A1:2005
SIST EN ISO 140-11:2005
SIST EN ISO 140-16:2006
SIST EN ISO 140-3:1997
SIST EN ISO 140-3:1997/A1:2005
SIST EN ISO 140-6:1999
SIST EN ISO 140-8:1998

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0HUMHQMHL]ROLUQRVWLSUHGXGDUQLP]YRNRP ,62

Acoustics - Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements - Part 3:

Measurement of impact sound insulation (ISO 10140-3:2010)
Akustik - Messung der Schalldämmung von Gebäudeteilen im Prüfstand - Teil 3:
Messung der Trittschalldämmung (ISO 10140-3:2010)

Acoustique - Détermination de l'isolation acoustique des immeubles et des éléments de

construction - Partie 3: Principes de mesurage des bruits de choc (ISO 10140-3:2010)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 10140-3:2010
ICS:
91.120.20 $NXVWLNDYVWDYEDK=YRþQD Acoustics in building. Sound
L]RODFLMD insulation
SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 10140-3
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2010
ICS 91.120.20 Supersedes EN 20140-10:1992, EN ISO 140-1:1997, EN
ISO 140-11:2005, EN ISO 140-16:2006, EN ISO 140-
3:1995, EN ISO 140-6:1998, EN ISO 140-8:1997
English Version
Acoustics - Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of
building elements - Part 3: Measurement of impact sound
insulation (ISO 10140-3:2010)

Acoustique - Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation Akustik - Messung der Schalldämmung von Gebäudeteilen

acoustique des éléments de construction - Partie 3:
im Prüfstand - Teil 3: Messung der Trittschalldämmung
Mesurage de l'isolation au bruit de choc (ISO 10140- (ISO 10140-3:2010)
3:2010)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 August 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 10140-3:2010: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
EN ISO 10140-3:2010 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
EN ISO 10140-3:2010 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 10140-3:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43 "Acoustics" in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 126 “Acoustic properties of building elements and of

buildings” the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by March 2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 140-1:1997, EN ISO 140-6:1998, EN ISO 140-3:1995,

EN ISO 140-11:2005, EN 20140-10:1992, EN ISO 140-16:2006, EN ISO 140-8:1997.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 10140-3:2010 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 10140-3:2010 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10140-3
First edition
2010-09-01
Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of
sound insulation of building elements —
Part 3:
Measurement of impact sound insulation
Acoustique — Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation acoustique des
éléments de construction —
Partie 3: Mesurage de l'isolation au bruit de choc
Reference number
ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
ISO 2010
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................2

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

4 Facilities and equipment.......................................................................................................................3

5 Test procedure and evaluation ............................................................................................................3

6 Test arrangement ..................................................................................................................................5

7 Limits of performance...........................................................................................................................5

8 Precision.................................................................................................................................................5

9 Test report..............................................................................................................................................6

Annex A (informative) Measurement using heavy and soft impact sources ................................................7

Annex B (informative) Form for the expression of results ...........................................................................10

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 10140-3 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43, Acoustics, Subcommittee SC 2, Building

acoustics.

This first edition of ISO 10140-3, together with ISO 10140-1, ISO 10140-2, ISO 10140-4 and ISO 10140-5,

cancels and replaces ISO 140-1:1997, ISO 140-3:1995, ISO 140-6:1998, ISO 140-8:1997, ISO 140-10:1991,

ISO 140-11:2005 and ISO 140-16:2006, which have been technically revised.

It also incorporates the Amendments ISO 140-1:1997/Amd.1:2004 and ISO 140-3:1995/Amd.1:2004.

ISO 10140 consists of the following parts, under the general title Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of

sound insulation of building elements:
⎯ Part 1: Application rules for specific products
⎯ Part 2: Measurement of airborne sound insulation
⎯ Part 3: Measurement of impact sound insulation
⎯ Part 4: Measurement procedures and requirements
⎯ Part 5: Requirements for test facilities and equipment
iv © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
Introduction

ISO 10140 (all parts) concerns laboratory measurement of the sound insulation of building elements (see

Table 1).

ISO 10140-1 specifies the application rules for specific elements and products, including specific requirements

for preparation, mounting, operating and test conditions. ISO 10140-2 and this part of ISO 10140 contain the

general procedures for airborne and impact sound insulation measurements, respectively, and refer to

ISO 10140-4 and ISO 10140-5 where appropriate. For elements and products without a specific application

rule described in ISO 10140-1, it is possible to apply ISO 10140-2 and this part of ISO 10140. ISO 10140-4

contains basic measurement techniques and processes. ISO 10140-5 contains requirements for test facilities

and equipment. For the structure of ISO 10140 (all parts), see Table 1.

ISO 10140 (all parts) was created to improve the layout for laboratory measurements, ensure consistency and

simplify future changes and additions regarding mounting conditions of test elements in laboratory and field

measurements. It is intended for ISO 10140 (all parts) to present a well-written and arranged format for

laboratory measurements.

It is intended to update ISO 10140-1 with application rules for other products. It is also intended to incorporate

ISO 140-18 into ISO 10140 (all parts).
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
Table 1 — Structure and contents of ISO 10140 (all parts)
Relevant part Main purpose, contents and use Detailed content
of ISO 10140

It indicates the appropriate test procedure for Appropriate references to ISO 10140-2 and

ISO 10140-1

elements and products. For certain types of ISO 10140-3 and product-related, specific and

element/product, it can contain additional and additional instructions on:
more specific instructions about quantities and
⎯ specific quantities measured;
test element size and about preparation,
⎯ size of test element;
mounting and operating conditions. Where no
⎯ boundary and mounting conditions;
specific details are included, the general
⎯ conditioning, testing and operating conditions;
guidelines are according to ISO 10140-2 and
⎯ additional specifics for test report.
ISO 10140-3.

It gives a complete procedure for airborne sound ⎯ Definitions of main quantities measured

ISO 10140-2
insulation measurements according to
⎯ General mounting and boundary conditions
ISO 10140-4 and ISO 10140-5. For products
⎯ General measurement procedure
without specific application rules, it is sufficiently
⎯ Data processing
complete and general for the execution of
⎯ Test report (general points)
measurements. However, for products with
specific application rules, measurements are
carried out according to ISO 10140-1, if available.

It gives a complete procedure for impact sound ⎯ Definitions of main quantities measured

ISO 10140-3
insulation measurements according to
⎯ General mounting and boundary conditions
ISO 10140-4 and ISO 10140-5. For products
⎯ General measurement procedure
without specific application rules, it is sufficiently
⎯ Data processing
complete and general for the execution of
⎯ Test report (general points)
measurements. However, for products with
specific application rules, measurements are
carried out according to ISO 10140-1, if available.
⎯ Definitions
ISO 10140-4 It gives all the basic measurement techniques
and processes for measurement according to ⎯ Frequency range
ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3 or facility
⎯ Microphone positions
qualifications according to ISO 10140-5. Much of
⎯ SPL measurements
the content is implemented in software.
⎯ Averaging, space and time
⎯ Correction for background noise
⎯ Reverberation time measurements
⎯ Loss factor measurements
⎯ Low-frequency measurements
⎯ Radiated sound power by velocity
measurement
Test facilities, design criteria:
ISO 10140-5 It specifies all information needed to design,
⎯ volumes, dimensions;
construct and qualify the laboratory facility, its
⎯ flanking transmission;
additional accessories and measurement
⎯ laboratory loss factor;
equipment (hardware).
⎯ maximum achievable sound reduction index;
⎯ reverberation time;
⎯ influence of lack of diffusivity in the laboratory.
Test openings:
⎯ standard openings for walls and floors;
⎯ other openings (windows, doors, small technical
elements);
⎯ filler walls in general.
Requirements for equipment:
⎯ loudspeakers, number, positions;
⎯ tapping machine and other impact sources;
⎯ measurement equipment.
Reference constructions:
⎯ basic elements for airborne and impact
insulation improvement;
⎯ corresponding reference performance curves.
vi © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of
building elements —
Part 3:
Measurement of impact sound insulation
1 Scope

This part of ISO 10140 specifies laboratory methods for measuring the impact sound insulation of floor

assemblies.

The test results can be used to compare the sound insulation properties of building elements, classify

elements according to their sound insulation capabilities, help design building products which require certain

acoustic properties and estimate the in situ performance in complete buildings.

The measurements are performed in laboratory test facilities in which sound transmission via flanking paths is

suppressed. The results of measurements made in accordance with this part of ISO 10140 are not applicable

directly to the field situation without accounting for other factors affecting sound insulation, such as flanking

transmission, boundary conditions, and loss factor.

A test method is specified that uses the standard tapping machine (see ISO 10140-5:2010, Annex E) to

simulate impact sources like human footsteps when a person is wearing shoes. This part of ISO 10140 is

applicable to all types of floors (whether heavyweight or lightweight) with all types of floor coverings. The test

method applies only to laboratory measurements.

NOTE When the aim of impact sound insulation measurements is to have a strong correlation between a “real”

impact source (e.g. a person walking or children jumping) and an artificial impact source (e.g. a tapping machine), it is

intended that both sources apply the same input force spectrum to ensure the correct ranking of floors and floor coverings

for the “real” and the artificial source, and it is intended that the impedance spectra of the sources be the same. If the

“real” impact source is a walking person without shoes and the artificial source is a standard tapping machine such as that

specified in Clause 4, the correlation is not strong.

An alternative method, using a heavy/soft impact source for assessing the impact sound insulation of a floor

against impact sources with strong low-frequency components, such as human footsteps (bare feet) or

children jumping, is given in Annex A. Alternative impact sources (i.e. a proposed modification of the standard

tapping machine to make its dynamic source characteristics similar to those of a person walking barefoot and

a heavy/soft impact source with dynamic source characteristics similar to those of children jumping) are

defined in ISO 10140-5:2010, Annex F.

A method to test floor coverings is described in ISO 10140-1:2010, Annex H, for single- or multi-layer floor

coverings installed on specific reference floors. In the case of multi-layer coverings, they can be

factory-assembled or assembled at the test site.
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 10140-3:2010
ISO 10140-3:2010(E)
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 140-2, Acoustics — Measurement of sound insulation in buildings and of building elements — Part 2:

Determination, verification and application of precision data

ISO 717-2, Acoustics — Rating of sound insulation in buildings and of building elements — Part 2: Impact

sound insulation

ISO 10140-1, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 1:

Application rules for specific products

ISO 10140-4, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 4:

Measurement procedures and requirements

ISO 10140-5, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 5:

Requirements for test facilities and equipment
IEC 60942, Electroacoustics — Sound calibrators
IEC 61260, Electroacoustics — Octave-band and fractional-octave-band filters
IEC 61672-1, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications
3 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
impact sound pressure level

energy average sound pressure level in a one-third octave band in the receiving room when the floor under

test is excited by the standardized impact source
NOTE 1 L is expressed in decibels.

NOTE 2 The energy average sound pressure level in a room is defined in ISO 10140-4.

3.2
normalized impact sound pressure level

impact sound pressure level, L , increased by a correction term which is given in decibels, being ten times the

common logarithm of the ratio between the measured equivalent absorption area, A, of the receiving room and

the reference equivalent absorption area, A
LL=+10lg d
...

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