LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) welded steel pressure drums with a capacity between 150 litres and 1 000 litres

This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the material, design, construction, workmanship, equipping, inspection and testing at manufacture of transportable, refillable welded steel pressure drums of volumes over 150 l up to and including 1 000 l for Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG).
Vertical and horizontal cylindrical receptacles are covered.

Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Ortsbewegliche, geschweißte Druckfässer aus Stahl für Flüssiggas (LPG) mit einem Fassungsraum zwischen 150 Liter und 1 000 Liter

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Mindestanforderungen an Werkstoff, Auslegung, Bau, Ausführung, Ausrüstung, Inspektion und Prüfung fest, die bei der Herstellung von ortsbeweglichen, wiederbefüllbaren, geschweißten Druckfässern aus Stahl für Flüssiggas (LPG) mit einem Fassungsraum (Fassungsvermögen) von 150 l bis einschließlich 1 000 l gelten.
Behandelt werden liegende und stehende Druckfässer.

Équipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Fûts à pression métalliques transportables pour GPL d'une capacité comprise entre 150 litres et 1 000 litres

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences minimales relatives aux matériaux, à la conception, à la fabrication et à la qualité d'exécution, à l'équipement, à l'inspection et aux essais en usine de fûts à pression en acier soudé transportables et rechargeables, ayant un volume compris entre 150 l et 1 000 l, pour gaz de pétrole liquéfiés (GPL).
Les récipients cylindriques verticaux et horizontaux sont couverts par la présente norme.

Oprema in pribor za utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) - Premični varjeni jekleni tlačni sodi za utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) s prostornino med 150 in 1000 litri

EN 14893 določa minimalne zahteve za material, zasnovo, konstrukcijo, izdelavo, opremljanje, pregledovanje in preskušanje premičnih povratnih varjenih jeklenih tlačnih sodov za utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) s prostornino med 150 in 1000 litri pri proizvajalcu. Vključeni so navpični in vodoravni valjasti vsebniki.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-May-2014
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Dec-2019
Completion Date
02-Dec-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Ortsbewegliche, geschweißte Druckfässer aus Stahl für Flüssiggas (LPG) mit einem Fassungsraum zwischen 150 Liter und 1 000 LiterÉquipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Fûts à pression métalliques transportables pour GPL d'une capacité comprise entre 150 litres et 1 000 litresLPG equipment and accessories - Transportable Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) welded steel pressure drums with a capacity between 150 litres and 1 000 litres23.020.30MHNOHQNHPressure vessels, gas cylindersICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14893:2014SIST EN 14893:2014en,fr,de01-julij-2014SIST EN 14893:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14893:2007/AC:2007SIST EN 14893:20071DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14893:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14893
May 2014 ICS 23.020.30 Supersedes EN 14893:2006English Version

LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) welded steel pressure drums with a capacity between 150 litres and 1 000 litres

Équipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Fûts à pression métalliques transportables pour GPL d'une capacité comprise entre 150 litres et 1 000 litres

Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Ortsbewegliche, geschweißte Druckfässer aus Stahl für Flüssiggas (LPG) mit einem Fassungsraum zwischen 150 Liter und 1 000 Liter This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 January 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 14893:2014 ESIST EN 14893:2014

EN 14893:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9 4 Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 11 4.1 Suitability ............................................................................................................................................. 11 4.2 Pressure retaining parts .................................................................................................................... 11 4.3 Non-pressure retaining parts ............................................................................................................ 11 4.4 Welding consumables ........................................................................................................................ 12 4.5 Non-metallic materials (gaskets) ....................................................................................................... 12 4.6 Certification of materials .................................................................................................................... 12 5 Design .................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.2 Design conditions ............................................................................................................................... 13 5.2.1 Calculation pressure .......................................................................................................................... 13 5.2.2 Design temperature ............................................................................................................................ 13 5.2.3 Vacuum conditions ............................................................................................................................. 13 5.3 Calculation of thicknesses ................................................................................................................ 14 5.3.1 Calculation ........................................................................................................................................... 14 5.3.2 Minimum thickness for handling ....................................................................................................... 14 5.4 Support loadings ................................................................................................................................ 14 5.5 Lifting lug loadings ............................................................................................................................. 15 5.6 Openings ............................................................................................................................................. 15 5.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.6.2 Reinforcement ..................................................................................................................................... 15 5.6.3 Position of welds ................................................................................................................................ 15 5.6.4 Fittings connections ........................................................................................................................... 15 5.6.5 Fittings ................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.7 Protection of fittings ........................................................................................................................... 16 5.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.7.2 End shrouds ........................................................................................................................................ 16 5.7.3 Protective frame .................................................................................................................................. 16 5.7.4 Local protection .................................................................................................................................. 16 5.8 Rolling hoops ...................................................................................................................................... 16 5.9 Ventilation openings .......................................................................................................................... 16 6 Workmanship and manufacture ........................................................................................................ 17 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17 6.2 Environment ........................................................................................................................................ 17 6.3 Control and traceability of materials ................................................................................................ 17 6.4 Manufacturing tolerances .................................................................................................................. 17 6.5 Acceptable weld details ..................................................................................................................... 18 6.5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 6.5.2 Longitudinal welds ............................................................................................................................. 18 6.5.3 Joggle joints ........................................................................................................................................ 18 6.6 Formed pressure parts ....................................................................................................................... 18 SIST EN 14893:2014

EN 14893:2014 (E) 3 6.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 6.6.2 Heat treatment after forming .............................................................................................................. 19 6.6.3 Testing of formed parts ...................................................................................................................... 19 6.6.4 Repeated tests ..................................................................................................................................... 20 6.6.5 Visual examination and control of dimensions ................................................................................ 20 6.6.6 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 20 6.6.7 Inspection certificate ........................................................................................................................... 20 6.7 Welding ................................................................................................................................................. 20 6.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20 6.7.2 Welding procedure specification (WPS) ........................................................................................... 21 6.7.3 Qualification of WPS ........................................................................................................................... 21 6.7.4 Qualification of welders and welding personnel .............................................................................. 21 6.7.5 Preparation of edges to be welded .................................................................................................... 21 6.7.6 Execution of welded joints ................................................................................................................. 21 6.7.7 Attachments and supports ................................................................................................................. 22 6.7.8 Preheating ............................................................................................................................................ 22 6.8 Post weld heat treatment .................................................................................................................... 22 6.9 Repairs.................................................................................................................................................. 22 6.9.1 Repairs of surface imperfections in the parent metal ..................................................................... 22 6.9.2 Repair of weld imperfections ............................................................................................................. 22 6.10 Examination of welds .......................................................................................................................... 23 6.10.1 Visual examination of welds............................................................................................................... 23 6.10.2 Non-destructive testing (NDT) ........................................................................................................... 23 6.11 Non-destructive testing techniques .................................................................................................. 24 6.11.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24 6.11.2 Radiographic techniques.................................................................................................................... 24 6.11.3 Ultrasonic techniques ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.11.4 Magnetic particle techniques ............................................................................................................. 25 6.11.5 Dye penetrant techniques................................................................................................................... 25 6.12 Marking for all non-destructive testing techniques ......................................................................... 25 6.13 Qualification of personnel .................................................................................................................. 25 6.14 Acceptance criteria ............................................................................................................................. 25 6.15 Production test plates (coupon plates) ............................................................................................. 26 6.16 Impact tests .......................................................................................................................................... 27 7 Initial inspection and testing .............................................................................................................. 27 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 27 7.2 Pressure test ........................................................................................................................................ 28 7.3 Lifting lug test ...................................................................................................................................... 28 7.4 Final examination of drum .................................................................................................................. 28 7.5 Leak tightness test .............................................................................................................................. 29 7.6 Tare mass ............................................................................................................................................. 29 7.7 Verification on conformity .................................................................................................................. 29 8 Surface treatment and finishing ........................................................................................................ 29 8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29 8.2 Finishing operations ........................................................................................................................... 29 9 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 30 10 Conformity assessment ...................................................................................................................... 30 10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 30 10.2 Fatigue test .......................................................................................................................................... 30 10.3 Burst test .............................................................................................................................................. 30 10.4 Drop test ............................................................................................................................................... 31 10.5 Lifting lugs ........................................................................................................................................... 31 11 Design type testing ............................................................................................................................. 31 12 Records and documentation .............................................................................................................. 31 SIST EN 14893:2014

EN 14893:2014 (E) 4 12.1 Records to be obtained by the manufacturer .................................................................................. 31 12.2 Documents to be provided by the manufacturer ............................................................................. 31 Annex A (informative)

Guidance on selection of material grades .............................................................. 33 Annex B (normative)

Tolerances on drums .................................................................................................. 34 B.1 Mean external diameter ...................................................................................................................... 34 B.2 Out of roundness ................................................................................................................................ 34 B.3 Deviation from the straight line ......................................................................................................... 34 B.4 Irregularities in circular profile .......................................................................................................... 34 B.5 Thickness tolerance ........................................................................................................................... 35 B.6 Profile ................................................................................................................................................... 35 B.7 Surface alignment ............................................................................................................................... 36 B.8 Attachments, nozzles and fittings ..................................................................................................... 36 Annex C (normative)

Hydraulic pressure test ............................................................................................... 37 C.1 Temporary fittings .............................................................................................................................. 37 C.2 Pressure gauges ................................................................................................................................. 37 C.3 Pressurising agent.............................................................................................................................. 37 C.4 Avoidance of shocks .......................................................................................................................... 37 C.5 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 37 Annex D (normative)

Imperfections of welded joints ................................................................................... 38 Annex E (normative)

Design formulae for drums ......................................................................................... 41 E.1 Allowable stresses.............................................................................................................................. 41 E.2 Design formulae .................................................................................................................................. 41 E.3 Nozzle reinforcement ......................................................................................................................... 44 Annex F (informative)

Measurement of shell peaking .................................................................................. 52 F.1 Profile gauge ....................................................................................................................................... 52 F.2 Peaking survey .................................................................................................................................... 52 Annex G (informative)

Examples of welded joints ........................................................................................ 55 Annex H (informative)

Environmental checklist ............................................................................................ 59 Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 60

SIST EN 14893:2014

EN 14893:2014 (E) 5 Foreword This document (EN 14893:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 286 “LPG equipment and accessories”, the secretariat of which is held by NSAI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2014 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2014. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 14893:2006. The major changes in this revision include: — an update of the terminology; and — the addition of an environmental checklist, Annex H. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. This European Standard has been submitted for reference into: — the RID [12]; and — the technical annexes of the ADR [13]. NOTE These regulations take precedence over any clause of this European Standard. It is emphasized that RID/ADR/ADN are being revised regularly at intervals of two years which may lead to temporary non-compliances with the clauses of this European Standard. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14893:2014

EN 14893:2014 (E) 6 Introduction This European Standard calls for the use of substances and procedures that may be injurious to health and/or the environment if adequate precautions are not taken. It refers only to technical suitability; it does not absolve the user from their legal obligations at any stage. Protection of the environment is a key political issue in Europe and elsewhere around the world. Protection of the environment in this document is understood in a very broad sense. The phrase is used, for example, in relation to the total life-cycle environmental aspects of a product, including expenditure of energy, and during all phases of its existence, from mining of raw materials to fabrication, packaging, distribution, use, scrapping, recycling of materials, etc. Annex H comprises an environmental checklist which highlights the clauses of this European Standard that address environmental aspects. It is recommended that manufacturers develop an environmental management policy. For guidance, see EN ISO 14000 series, [6], [7] and [8]. Provisions need to be restricted to a general guidance. Limit values are specified in national laws. It has been assumed in the drafting of this European Standard that the execution of its provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced people. All pressures are gauge unless otherwise stated. NOTE This European Standard requires measurement of material properties, dimensions and pressures. All such measurements are subject to a degree of uncertainty due to tolerances in measuring equipment, etc. It may be beneficial to refer to the leaflet “measurement uncertainty leaflet” SP INFO 2000 27 [16]. SIST EN 14893:2014

EN 14893:2014 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the material, design, construction, workmanship, equipping, inspection and testing at manufacture of transportable, refillable welded steel pressure drums of volumes over 150 l up to and including 1 000 l for Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG). Vertical and horizontal cylindrical receptacles are covered. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 549, Rubber materials for seals and diaphragms for gas appliances and gas equipment EN 837-2, Pressure gauges - Part 2: Selection and installation recommendations for pressure gauges EN 1092-1, Flanges and their joints - Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated - Part 1: Steel flanges EN 10028-1, Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes - Part 1: General requirements EN 10028-2, Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes - Part 2: Non-alloy and alloy steels with specified elevated temperature properties EN 10028-3, Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes - Part 3: Weldable fine grain steels, normalized EN 10028-5, Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes - Part 5: Weldable fine grain steels, thermomechanically rolled EN 10204, Metallic products - Types of inspection documents EN 13175, LPG equipment and accessories - Specification and testing for Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) tank valves and fittings EN 13799, LPG equipment and accessories - Contents gauges for Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) pressure vessels EN 14717, Welding and allied processes - Environmental check list EN 14894, LPG equipment and accessories - Cylinder and drum marking EN ISO 148-1, Metallic materials - Charpy pendulum impact test - Part 1: Test method (ISO 148-1) EN ISO 636, Welding consumables - Rods, wires and deposits for tungsten inert gas welding of non-alloy and fine-grain steels - Classification (ISO 636) EN ISO 2560, Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual metal arc welding of non-alloy and fine grain steels - Classification (ISO 2560) EN ISO 3452-1, Non-destructive testing - Penetrant testing - Part 1: General principles (ISO 3452-1) SIST EN 14893:2014

EN 14893:2014 (E) 8 EN ISO 4136, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Transverse tensile test (ISO 4136) EN ISO 5173, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Bend tests (ISO 5173) EN ISO 5178, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Longitudinal tensile test on weld metal in fusion welded joints (ISO 5178) EN ISO 6520-1, Welding and allied processes - Classification of geometric imperfections in metallic materials - Part 1: Fusion welding (ISO 6520-1) EN ISO 9016, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Impact tests - Test specimen location, notch orientation and examination (ISO 9016) EN ISO 9606-1, Qualification testing of welders - Fusion welding - Part 1: Steels (ISO 9606-1) EN ISO 9712, Non-destructive testing - Qualification and certification of NDT personnel (ISO 9712) EN ISO 11114-2, Gas cylinders - Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas contents - Part 2: Non-metallic materials (ISO 11114-2) EN ISO 14171, Welding consumables - Solid wire electrodes, tubular cored electrodes and electrode/flux combinations for submerged arc welding of non alloy and fine grain steels - Classification (ISO 14171) EN ISO 14732, Welding personnel - Qualification testing of welding operators and weld setters for mechanized and automatic welding of metallic ma

...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Ortsbewegliche, geschweißte Druckfässer aus Stahl für Flüssiggas (LPG) mit einem Fassungsraum zwischen 150 Liter und 1 000 LiterÉquipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Fûts à pression métalliques transportables pour GPL d'une capacité comprise entre 150 litres et 1 000 litresLPG equipment and accessories - Transportable Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) welded steel pressure drums with a capacity between 150 litres and 1 000 litres23.020.30MHNOHQNHPressure vessels, gas cylindersICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:FprEN 14893kSIST FprEN 14893:2013en,fr,de01-november-2013kSIST FprEN 14893:2013SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
kSIST FprEN 14893:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
FINAL DRAFT
FprEN 14893
July 2013 ICS 23.020.30 Will supersede EN 14893:2006English Version

LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) welded steel pressure drums with a capacity between 150 litres and 1 000 litres

Équipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Fûts à pression métalliques transportables pour GPL d'une capacité comprise entre 150 litres et 1 000 litres

Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Ortsbewegliche, geschweißte Druckfässer aus Stahl für Flüssiggas (LPG) mit einem Fassungsraum zwischen 150 Liter und 1 000 Liter This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedure. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 286.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. FprEN 14893:2013: EkSIST FprEN 14893:2013

FprEN 14893:2013 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9 4 Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 11 4.1 Suitability ............................................................................................................................................. 11 4.2 Pressure retaining parts .................................................................................................................... 11 4.3 Non-pressure retaining parts ............................................................................................................ 11 4.4 Welding consumables ........................................................................................................................ 11 4.5 Non-metallic materials (gaskets) ....................................................................................................... 12 4.6 Certification of materials .................................................................................................................... 12 5 Design .................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.2 Design conditions ............................................................................................................................... 13 5.2.1 Calculation pressure .......................................................................................................................... 13 5.2.2 Design temperature ............................................................................................................................ 13 5.2.3 Vacuum conditions ............................................................................................................................. 13 5.3 Calculation of thicknesses ................................................................................................................ 14 5.3.1 Calculation ........................................................................................................................................... 14 5.3.2 Minimum thickness for handling ....................................................................................................... 14 5.4 Support loadings ................................................................................................................................ 14 5.5 Lifting lug loadings ............................................................................................................................. 14 5.6 Openings ............................................................................................................................................. 15 5.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.6.2 Reinforcement ..................................................................................................................................... 15 5.6.3 Position of welds ................................................................................................................................ 15 5.6.4 Fittings connections ........................................................................................................................... 15 5.6.5 Fittings ................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.7 Protection of fittings ........................................................................................................................... 16 5.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.7.2 End shrouds ........................................................................................................................................ 16 5.7.3 Protective frame .................................................................................................................................. 16 5.7.4 Local protection .................................................................................................................................. 16 5.8 Rolling hoops ...................................................................................................................................... 16 5.9 Ventilation openings .......................................................................................................................... 16 6 Workmanship and manufacture ........................................................................................................ 17 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17 6.2 Environment ........................................................................................................................................ 17 6.3 Control and traceability of materials ................................................................................................ 17 6.4 Manufacturing tolerances .................................................................................................................. 17 6.5 Acceptable weld details ..................................................................................................................... 18 6.5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 6.5.2 Longitudinal welds ............................................................................................................................. 18 6.5.3 Joggle joints ........................................................................................................................................ 18 6.6 Formed pressure parts ....................................................................................................................... 18 6.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 6.6.2 Heat treatment after forming ............................................................................................................. 19 kSIST FprEN 14893:2013

FprEN 14893:2013 (E) 3 6.6.3 Testing of formed parts ...................................................................................................................... 19 6.6.4 Repeated tests ..................................................................................................................................... 20 6.6.5 Visual examination and control of dimensions ................................................................................ 20 6.6.6 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 20 6.6.7 Test certificate ..................................................................................................................................... 20 6.7 Welding ................................................................................................................................................. 20 6.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20 6.7.2 Welding procedure specification (WPS) ........................................................................................... 21 6.7.3 Qualification of WPS ........................................................................................................................... 21 6.7.4 Qualification of welders and welding personnel .............................................................................. 21 6.7.5 Preparation of edges to be welded .................................................................................................... 21 6.7.6 Execution of welded joints ................................................................................................................. 21 6.7.7 Attachments and supports ................................................................................................................. 21 6.7.8 Preheating ............................................................................................................................................ 22 6.8 Post weld heat treatment .................................................................................................................... 22 6.9 Repairs.................................................................................................................................................. 22 6.9.1 Repairs of surface imperfections in the parent metal ..................................................................... 22 6.9.2 Repair of weld imperfections ............................................................................................................. 22 6.10 Examination of welds .......................................................................................................................... 23 6.10.1 Visual examination of welds............................................................................................................... 23 6.10.2 Non-destructive testing (NDT) ........................................................................................................... 23 6.11 Non-destructive testing techniques .................................................................................................. 24 6.11.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24 6.11.2 Radiographic techniques.................................................................................................................... 24 6.11.3 Ultrasonic techniques ......................................................................................................................... 24 6.11.4 Magnetic particle techniques ............................................................................................................. 25 6.11.5 Dye penetrant techniques................................................................................................................... 25 6.12 Marking for all non-destructive testing techniques ......................................................................... 25 6.13 Qualification of personnel .................................................................................................................. 25 6.14 Acceptance criteria ............................................................................................................................. 25 6.15 Production test plates (coupon plates) ............................................................................................. 25 6.16 Impact tests .......................................................................................................................................... 27 7 Initial inspection and testing .............................................................................................................. 27 7.1 Pressure test ........................................................................................................................................ 28 7.2 Lifting lug test ...................................................................................................................................... 28 7.3 Final examination of drum .................................................................................................................. 28 7.4 Leak tightness test .............................................................................................................................. 28 7.5 Tare mass ............................................................................................................................................. 29 7.6 Verification on conformity .................................................................................................................. 29 8 Surface treatment and finishing ........................................................................................................ 29 8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29 8.2 Finishing operations ........................................................................................................................... 29 9 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 29 10 Conformity assessment ...................................................................................................................... 30 10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 30 10.2 Fatigue test .......................................................................................................................................... 30 10.3 Burst test .............................................................................................................................................. 30 10.4 Drop test ............................................................................................................................................... 30 10.5 Lifting lugs ........................................................................................................................................... 31 11 Design type testing ............................................................................................................................. 31 12 Records and documentation .............................................................................................................. 31 12.1 Records to be obtained by the manufacturer ................................................................................... 31 12.2 Documents to be provided by the manufacturer ............................................................................. 31 Annex A (informative)

Guidance on selection of material grades ............................................................... 33 Annex B (normative)

Tolerances on drums ................................................................................................... 34 kSIST FprEN 14893:2013

FprEN 14893:2013 (E) 4 B.1 Mean external diameter ...................................................................................................................... 34 B.2 Out of roundness ................................................................................................................................ 34 B.3 Deviation from the straight line ......................................................................................................... 34 B.4 Irregularities in circular profile .......................................................................................................... 34 B.5 Thickness tolerance ........................................................................................................................... 35 B.6 Profile ................................................................................................................................................... 35 B.7 Surface alignment ............................................................................................................................... 36 B.8 Attachments, nozzles and fittings ..................................................................................................... 36 Annex C (normative)

Hydraulic pressure test ............................................................................................... 37 C.1 Temporary fittings .............................................................................................................................. 37 C.2 Pressure gauges ................................................................................................................................. 37 C.3 Pressurising agent.............................................................................................................................. 37 C.4 Avoidance of shocks .......................................................................................................................... 37 C.5 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 37 Annex D (normative)

Imperfections of welded joints ................................................................................... 38 Annex E (normative)

Design formulae for drums ......................................................................................... 41 E.1 Allowable stresses.............................................................................................................................. 41 E.2 Design formulae .................................................................................................................................. 41 E.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 41 E.2.2 Cylindrical shell calculation .............................................................................................................. 41 E.2.3 Torispherical end calculation ............................................................................................................ 41 E.2.4 Ellipsoidal end calculation ................................................................................................................. 43 E.2.5 Formulae for calculating C ................................................................................................................ 44 E.3 Nozzle reinforcement ......................................................................................................................... 44 E.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 44 E.3.2 Size of openings ................................................................................................................................. 44 E.3.3 Distance between openings or branches ......................................................................................... 45 E.3.4 Openings and branches ..................................................................................................................... 46 E.3.5 Cylindrical shells and dished ends with openings ......................................................................... 46 E.3.6 Shell reinforcement ............................................................................................................................ 46 E.3.7 Extent of reinforcement ..................................................................................................................... 46 E.3.8 Elliptical openings .............................................................................................................................. 46 E.3.9 Welded branches ................................................................................................................................ 46 E.3.10 Compensating plates ......................................................................................................................... 46 E.3.11 Reinforcement — General .................................................................................................................. 46 E.3.12 Reinforcement by pads ...................................................................................................................... 47 E.3.13 Reinforcement by branches .............................................................................................................. 47 E.3.14 Branch connections normal to the drum wall ................................................................................. 47 Annex F (informative)

Measurement of shell peaking .................................................................................. 52 F.1 Profile gauge ....................................................................................................................................... 52 F.2 Peaking survey .................................................................................................................................... 52 Annex G (informative)

Examples of welded joints ........................................................................................ 55 Annex H (informative)

Environmental checklist ............................................................................................ 59 Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 60

kSIST FprEN 14893:2013

FprEN 14893:2013 (E) 5 Foreword This document (FprEN 14893:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 286 “LPG equipment and accessories”, the secretariat of which is held by NSAI. This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure. This document will supersede EN 14893:2006. The major changes in this revision include:  an update of the terminology; and  the addition of an environmental checklist, Annex H.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. This European Standard has been submitted for reference into:

 the RID [7]; and  the technical annexes of the ADR [8]. NOTE These regulations take precedence over any clause of this European Standard. It is emphasised that RID/ADR/ADN are being revised regularly at intervals of two years which may lead to temporary non-compliances with the clauses of this European Standard. kSIST FprEN 14893:2013

FprEN 14893:2013 (E) 6 Introduction This European Standard calls for the use of substances and procedures that may be injurious to health and/or the environment if adequate precautions are not taken. It refers only to technical suitability; it does not absolve the user from their legal obligations at any stage. Protection of the environment is a key political issue in Europe and elsewhere around the world. Protection of the environment in this document is understood in a very broad sense. The phrase is used, for example, in relation to the total life-cycle environmental aspects of a product, including expenditure of energy, and during all phases of its existence, from mining of raw materials to fabrication, packaging, distribution, use, scrapping, recycling of materials, etc. Annex H comprises an environmental checklist which highlights the clauses of this European Standard that address environmental aspects. It is recommended that manufacturers develop an environmental management policy. For guidance, see ISO 14000 series, [3], [4] and [5]. Provisions need to be restricted to a general guidance.

Limit values are specified in national laws. It has been assumed in the drafting of this European Standard that the execution of its provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced people. All pressures are gauge unless otherwise stated. NOTE This European Standard requires measurement of material properties, dimensions and pressures. All such measurements are subject to a degree of uncertainty due to tolerances in measuring equipment, etc. It may be beneficial to refer to the leaflet “measurement uncertainty leaflet" SP INFO 2000 27 [11].

kSIST FprEN 14893:2013

FprEN 14893:2013 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the material, design, construction, workmanship, equipping, inspection and testing at manufacture of transportable, refillable welded steel pressure drums of volumes over 150 l up to and including 1 000 l for Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG).

Vertical and horizontal cylindrical receptacles are covered. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 287-1, Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding — Part 1: Steels EN 462-3, Non-destructive testing — Image quality of radiographs — Part 3: Image quality classes for ferrous metals EN 549, Rubber materials for seals and diaphragms for gas appliances and gas equipment EN 571-1, Non destructive testing — Penetrant testing — Part 1: General principles EN 837-2, Pressure gauges — Part 2: Selection and installation recommendations for pressure gauges EN 1092-1, Flanges and their joints — Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated — Part 1: Steel flanges EN 1321, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Macroscopic and microscopic examination of welds EN 1418, Welding personnel — Approval testing of welding operators for fusion welding and resistance weld setters for fully mechanised and automatic welding of metallic materials EN 10028-1, Flat products made of steels for pressu

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