Metallic and oxide coatings - Measurement of coating thickness - Microscopical method (ISO 1463:2003)

ISO 1463:2002 describes a method for the measurement of the local thickness of metallic coatings, oxide layers, and porcelain or vitreous enamel coatings, by the microscopical examination of cross-sections using an optical microscope.

Metall- und Oxidschichten - Schichtdickenmessung - Mikroskopisches Verfahren (ISO 1463:2003)

In dieser Internationalen Norm ist ein Verfahren zur Messung der örtlichen Dicke von Metall-, Oxid- und Email-schichten durch Untersuchung von Querschnittflächen mit einem Lichtmikroskop festgelegt.
WARNUNG - Die Anwendung dieses Dokumentes kann die Verwendung gefährlicher Stoffe, Prozesse und Geräte einschließen. Dieses Dokument behandelt keine Themen zu Gesundheits- und Sicher-heits-gefährdungen. Der Anwender ist zuständig dafür, dass geeignete Gesundheits- und Sicherheitsmaßnahmen getroffen werden, um die nationalen und/oder lokalen Vorschriften einzu-halten.

Revêtements métalliques et couches d'oxyde - Mesurage de l'épaisseur de revêtement - Méthode par coupe micrographique (ISO 1463:2003)

L'ISO 1463:2002 décrit une méthode de mesure de l'épaisseur locale des revêtements métalliques, des couches d'oxyde, et des revêtements de porcelaine ou d'émail vitrifié, par examen de coupes transversales à l'aide d'un microscope optique.

Kovinske in oksidne prevleke - Merjenje debeline prevleke - Mikroskopska metoda (ISO 1463:2003)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-May-2004
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Nov-2009
Completion Date
02-Nov-2009

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 1463:2004
English language
14 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
01-september-2004
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 1463:1999
Kovinske in oksidne prevleke - Merjenje debeline prevleke - Mikroskopska metoda
(ISO 1463:2003)

Metallic and oxide coatings - Measurement of coating thickness - Microscopical method

(ISO 1463:2003)

Metall- und Oxidschichten - Schichtdickenmessung - Mikroskopisches Verfahren (ISO

1463:2003)

Revetements métalliques et couches d'oxyde - Mesurage de l'épaisseur de revetement -

Méthode par coupe micrographique (ISO 1463:2003)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 1463:2004
ICS:
25.220.20 Površinska obdelava Surface treatment
25.220.40 Kovinske prevleke Metallic coatings
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 1463
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2004
ICS 25.220.40; 17.040.20 Supersedes EN ISO 1463:1994
English version
Metallic and oxide coatings - Measurement of coating thickness
- Microscopical method (ISO 1463:2003)

Revêtements métalliques et couches d'oxyde - Mesurage Metall- und Oxidschichten - Schichtdickenmessung -

de l'épaisseur de revêtement - Méthode par coupe Mikroskopische Verfahren (ISO 1463:2003)

micrographique (ISO 1463:2003)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 April 2004.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2004 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 1463:2004: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
EN ISO 1463:2004 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 1463:2003 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 107 "Metallic

and other inorganic coatings” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has

been taken over as EN ISO 1463:2004 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 262 "Metallic and other

inorganic coatings", the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2004, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2004.
This document supersedes EN ISO 1463:1994.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 1463:2003 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 1463:2004 without any

modifications.

NOTE Normative references to International Standards are listed in Annex ZA (normative).

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
EN ISO 1463:2004 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their relevant European publications

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other

publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the

publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of

any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by

amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to

applies (including amendments).

NOTE Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated

by (mod.), the relevant EN/HD applies.
Publication Year Title EN Year
ISO 2064 1996 Metallic and other inorganic coatings EN ISO 2064 2000
- Definitions and conventions
concerning the measurement of
thickness
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 1463
Third edition
2003-03-01
Metallic and oxide coatings —
Measurement of coating thickness —
Microscopical method
Revêtements métalliques et couches d'oxyde — Mesurage de
l'épaisseur de revêtement — Méthode par coupe micrographique
Reference number
ISO 1463:2003(E)
ISO 2003
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
ISO 1463:2003(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2003

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
ISO 1463:2003(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Term and definition............................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ................................................................................................................................................. 1

5 Factors relating to measurement uncertainty.................................................................................... 2

5.1 Surface roughness................................................................................................................................ 2

5.2 Taper of cross-section.......................................................................................................................... 2

5.3 Deformation of coating......................................................................................................................... 2

5.4 Rounding of edge of coating ............................................................................................................... 2

5.5 Overplating ............................................................................................................................................ 2

5.6 Etching ................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.7 Smearing................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.8 Magnification ......................................................................................................................................... 2

5.9 Calibration of stage micrometer.......................................................................................................... 3

5.10 Calibration of micrometer eyepiece .................................................................................................... 3

5.11 Alignment............................................................................................................................................... 3

5.12 Uniformity of magnification ................................................................................................................. 3

5.13 Lens quality ........................................................................................................................................... 3

5.14 Orientation of eyepiece ........................................................................................................................ 3

5.15 Tube length............................................................................................................................................ 3

6 Preparation of cross-sections ............................................................................................................. 4

7 Measurement ......................................................................................................................................... 4

8 Measurement uncertainty..................................................................................................................... 4

9 Test report.............................................................................................................................................. 4

Annex A (informative) Guidance on the preparation and measurement of cross-sections ....................... 5

Annex B (informative) Taper of cross-section and measurement of tooth-constructed coatings ............ 7

Annex C (informative) Some typical etchants for use at room temperature .............................................. 10

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 11

© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
ISO 1463:2003(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 1463 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 107, Metallic and other inorganic coatings,

Subcommittee SC 2, Test methods.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 1463:1982), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 1463:2003(E)
Metallic and oxide coatings — Measurement of coating
thickness — Microscopical method
1 Scope

This International Standard describes a method for the measurement of the local thickness of metallic

coatings, oxide layers, and porcelain or vitreous enamel coatings, by the microscopical examination of

cross-sections using an optical microscope.

WARNING — The use of this document may involve the use of hazardous materials, operations and

equipment. This document does not address any health hazard and safety issues associated with its

use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate health and safety practices and to take

suitable action to comply with any national and/or local regulations prior to its use.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2064, Metallic and other inorganic coatings — Definitions and conventions concerning the measurement

of thickness
3 Term and definition
For the purposes of this document the following term and definition apply.
3.1
local thickness

the mean of the thickness measurements, of which a specified number is made within a reference area

[3.4 of ISO 2064:1996]
4 Principle

A portion of the test specimen is cut out and mounted. The mounted cross-section is prepared by suitable

techniques of grinding, polishing and etching. The thickness of the coating cross-section is measured by

means of a calibrated scale.

NOTE These techniques will be familiar to experienced metallographers, but some guidance is given in Clause 5 and

in Annex A for less experienced operators.
© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 1463:2004
ISO 1463:2003(E)
5 Factors relating to measurement uncertainty
5.1 Surface roughness

If the coating or its substrate has a rough surface, one or both of the interfaces bounding the coating cross-

section may be too irregular to permit accurate measurement. (See A.5.)
5.2 Taper of cross-section

If the plane of the cross-section is not perpendicular to the plane of the coating, the measured thickness will

be greater than the true thickness; e.g., an inclination of 10° to the perpendicular will contribute a 1,5 % error.

NOTE B.1 provides guidance on taper cross-section.
5.3 Deformation of coating

Detrimental deformation of the coating can be caused by excessive temperature or pressure during mounting

and preparation of cross-sections of soft coatings or coatings that melt at a low temperature, and also by

excessive abrasion of brittle materials during preparation of cross-sections.
5.4 Rounding of edge of coating

If the edge of the coating cross-section is rounded, i.e. if the coating cross-section is not completely flat up to

its edges, the true thickness cannot be observed microscopically. Edge rounding can be caused by improper

mounting, grinding, polishing or etching. It is usually minimized by overplating the test specimen before

mounting. (See A.2.)
5.5 Overplating

Overplating of the test specimen protects the coating edges during preparation of cross-sections and thus

prevents erroneous measurement. Removal of coating material during surface preparation for overplating can

result in a low thickness measurement.
5.6 Etching

Optimum etching produces a clearly defined and narrow dark line at the interface of two metals. Excessive

etching produces a poorly defined or wide line that can result in erroneous measurement.

5.7 Smearing
Improper polishing or overplating with a softer metal may cause smear
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.