Information technology - Internet of things (IoT) - IoT use cases

ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017(E) This technical report identifies IoT scenarios and use cases based on real-world applications and requirements. The use cases provide a practical context for considerations on interoperability and standards based on user experience. They also clarify where existing standards can be applied and highlight where standardization work is needed.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Nov-2017
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
22-Nov-2017
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ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017 - Information technology - Internet of things (IoT) - IoT use cases
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ISO/IEC TR 22417
Edition 1.0 2017-11
TECHNICAL
REPORT
colour
inside
Information technology – Internet of things (IOT) – IOT use cases
ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017-11(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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ISO/IEC TR 22417
Edition 1.0 2017-11
TECHNICAL
REPORT
colour
inside
Information technology – Internet of things (IOT) – IOT use cases
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 35.020; 35.240; 35.110 ISBN 978-2-8322-4989-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017 © ISO/IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................... 13

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 14

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 15

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 15

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 15

4 Abbreviated terms ......................................................................................................... 16

5 Summary of Use Case Scenarios .................................................................................. 18

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 18

5.2 Use Cases ............................................................................................................ 18

5.2.1 Summary ....................................................................................................... 18

6 Context of Use for the IoT Use cases ............................................................................ 25

6.1 Global ................................................................................................................... 25

6.2 Transport infrastructure......................................................................................... 25

6.3 Home .................................................................................................................... 25

6.4 Public buildings ..................................................................................................... 25

6.5 Offices .................................................................................................................. 25

6.6 Factories ............................................................................................................... 25

6.7 Process plants ...................................................................................................... 25

6.8 Agriculture ............................................................................................................ 26

6.9 Forestry ................................................................................................................ 26

6.10 Fishing .................................................................................................................. 26

6.11 Body and personal ................................................................................................ 26

6.12 Healthcare ............................................................................................................ 26

6.13 Vehicles ................................................................................................................ 26

6.14 Smart Cities .......................................................................................................... 26

7 Use Case Scenarios ...................................................................................................... 27

7.1 IoT Network Security (Use Case number 1 in Table 1) .......................................... 27

7.1.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 27

7.1.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 27

7.1.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 29

7.1.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, and Constraints ......................... 29

7.1.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 29

7.1.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 30

7.1.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 30

7.1.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 31

7.1.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 31

7.1.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 31

7.1.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 31

7.1.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 31

7.2 IoT Security Threat Detection and Management (Use case number 2 in

Table 1) ................................................................................................................ 31

7.2.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 31

7.2.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 32

7.2.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 33

7.2.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, and Constraints ......................... 33

7.2.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 33

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ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017 © ISO/IEC 2017 – 3 –

7.2.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 34

7.2.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 34

7.2.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 34

7.2.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 34

7.2.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 34

7.2.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 35

7.2.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 35

7.3 Remote Management of Large Equipment in a Plant (Use case number 3 in

Table 1) ................................................................................................................ 36

7.3.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 36

7.3.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 36

7.3.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 37

7.3.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, and Constraints ......................... 37

7.3.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 38

7.3.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 38

7.3.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 38

7.3.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 38

7.3.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 38

7.3.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 38

7.3.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 39

7.3.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 39

7.4 Automated ICC Profile Discovery (Use case number 4 in Table 1) ........................ 39

7.4.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 39

7.4.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 39

7.4.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 40

7.4.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, and Constraints ......................... 41

7.4.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 41

7.4.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 41

7.4.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 41

7.4.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 41

7.4.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 41

7.4.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 42

7.4.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 42

7.4.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 43

7.5 Tracking of Farm Products (Use case number 5 in Table 1) .................................. 43

7.5.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 43

7.5.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 43

7.5.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 44

7.5.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 45

7.5.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 45

7.5.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 45

7.5.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 45

7.5.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 46

7.5.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 46

7.5.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 46

7.5.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 47

7.5.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 48

7.6 Warehouse Goods Monitoring (Use case number 6 in Table 1) ............................. 48

7.6.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 48

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– 4 – ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017 © ISO/IEC 2017

7.6.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 48

7.6.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 49

7.6.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 51

7.6.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 51

7.6.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 51

7.6.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 52

7.6.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 52

7.6.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 52

7.6.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 52

7.6.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 52

7.6.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 52

7.7 Cooperation between Factories and Remote Applications (Use case number

7 in Table 1) ......................................................................................................... 53

7.7.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 53

7.7.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 53

7.7.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 55

7.7.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 56

7.7.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 56

7.7.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 56

7.7.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 56

7.7.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 56

7.7.9 Conformity aspects and Critical Requirements ............................................... 56

7.7.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 56

7.7.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 57

7.7.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 57

7.8 Searching System for People with Cognitive Impairment (Use case number 8

in Table 1) ............................................................................................................ 58

7.8.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 58

7.8.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 58

7.8.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 58

7.8.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 59

7.8.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 59

7.8.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 59

7.8.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 59

7.8.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 59

7.8.9 Conformity aspects and Critical Requirements ............................................... 59

7.8.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 59

7.8.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 60

7.8.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 60

7.9 Sleep Monitoring System (Use case number 9 in Table 1) ..................................... 60

7.9.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 60

7.9.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 60

7.9.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 61

7.9.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 61

7.9.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 62

7.9.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 62

7.9.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 62

7.9.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 62

7.9.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 62

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ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017 © ISO/IEC 2017 – 5 –

7.9.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 62

7.9.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 62

7.9.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 62

7.10 Smart Glasses (Use case number 10 in Table 1) ................................................... 62

7.10.1 Scope and Objectives of the Use case ........................................................... 62

7.10.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 63

7.10.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 63

7.10.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 63

7.10.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 64

7.10.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 64

7.10.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 64

7.10.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 64

7.10.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical requirements ................................................ 64

7.10.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 64

7.10.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 65

7.10.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 66

7.11 IoT Endpoint (Sensors and Actuators) Monitoring Systems (Use case

number 11 in Table 1) ........................................................................................... 66

7.11.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 66

7.11.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 66

7.11.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 67

7.11.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 68

7.11.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 68

7.11.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 68

7.11.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 68

7.11.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 68

7.11.9 Conformity aspects and Critical Requirements ............................................... 69

7.11.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 69

7.11.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 69

7.11.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 69

7.12 Intelligent Assistive Parking in Urban Areas (Use case number 12 in Table

1) .......................................................................................................................... 70

7.12.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 70

7.12.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 70

7.12.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 71

7.12.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 72

7.12.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 73

7.12.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 73

7.12.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 73

7.12.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 74

7.12.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 74

7.12.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 74

7.12.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 75

7.12.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 78

7.13 Integrated Smart Pump System (Use case number 13 in Table 1) ......................... 79

7.13.1 Scope and Objectives .................................................................................... 79

7.13.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 79

7.13.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 81

7.13.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 81

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7.13.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 81

7.13.6 Relation with Other Use Cases ...................................................................... 82

7.13.7 General remarks ............................................................................................ 82

7.13.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 83

7.13.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 83

7.13.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 83

7.13.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 83

7.13.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 84

7.14 Remote Health Monitoring: Example of an AAL Use Case Relevant to IoT

(Use case number 14 in Table 1) .......................................................................... 84

7.14.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 84

7.14.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 84

7.14.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 84

7.14.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 85

7.14.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 85

7.14.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 86

7.14.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 86

7.14.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 86

7.14.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 87

7.14.10 Interaction between stakeholders/devices/services/system including

user requirements .......................................................................................... 87

7.14.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 88

7.14.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 88

7.15 Connected Car Analytics (Use case number 15 in Table 1) ................................... 88

7.15.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 88

7.15.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 89

7.15.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 90

7.15.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 91

7.15.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization Committees ........................... 91

7.15.6 Relation with Other Known Use Cases ........................................................... 92

7.15.7 General Remarks ........................................................................................... 92

7.15.8 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................... 92

7.15.9 Conformity Aspects and Critical Requirements .............................................. 92

7.15.10 Interaction between Actors and User Requirements ....................................... 92

7.15.11 Diagram of Use Case ..................................................................................... 93

7.15.12 Data Flow Diagram of Use Case .................................................................... 93

7.16 Real Time Motor Monitor (Use case number 16 in Table 1) ................................... 93

7.16.1 Scope and Objectives of Use Case ................................................................ 93

7.16.2 Narrative of Use Case ................................................................................... 93

7.16.3 Actors ............................................................................................................ 94

7.16.4 Issues: Legal Contracts, Legal Regulations, Constraints ................................ 95

7.16.5 Referenced Standards and/or Standardization C
...

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