Graphic technology - Quantification and communication for calculating the carbon footprint of e-media

ISO 20294:2018 This document specifies the requirements for quantifying the carbon footprint of those processes, materials and technologies within the user's knowledge and control that are necessary for the delivery and use of e-media. It covers requirements to account for e-media archiving, distribution, use and storage. It is based on a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach, using defined system boundaries and a specified functional unit as the basis for complete or partial carbon footprinting studies. These data can be referenced throughout supply chains for individual e-media products.
This document is applicable to a carbon footprint of a product (CFP) study of e-media regarding contents and e-media devices.
This document provides a framework for carbon calculators that organisations can follow and that can be used as the structure for market- or sector-specific carbon footprinting tools. Studies and tools constructed within this framework methodology provide carbon footprint quantifications of e-media that can be validated, verified and provide reference for future studies.
This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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ISO 20294:2018 - Graphic technology - Quantification and communication for calculating the carbon footprint of e-media
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First edition
Graphic technology — Quantification
and communication for calculating the
carbon footprint of e-media
Technologie graphique — Quantification et communication pour
calculer l'empreinte carbone des médias électroniques
Reference number
ISO 2018
© ISO 2018
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may
be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting
on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address
below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved

Contents Page
Foreword .v
Introduction .vi
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
3.1 Terms relating to carbon footprint . 1
3.2 Terms relating to greenhouse gases . 2
3.3 Terms relating to life cycle assessment . 3
3.4 Terms relating to organisations and consumers . 4
3.5 Terms relating to electronic media . 5
3.6 Terms relating to electronic media delivery . 6
3.7 Terms relating to information and communication technology . 6
4 Principles for carbon footprint quantification . 7
4.1 General requirements . 7
4.2 Life cycle perspective . 7
4.3 Relative approach and functional unit . 7
4.4 Relevance . 7
4.5 Completeness . 7
4.6 Consistency . 7
4.7 Accuracy . 7
4.8 Transparency . 8
4.9 Assumptions for content use . 8
4.10 Avoidance of double counting . 8
4.11 Implementation criteria . 8
4.12 Uncertainty . 8
5 Methodology . 8
5.1 General Requirements . 8
5.2 Goal and scope . 9
5.2.1 General. 9
5.2.2 LCA carbon footprint .10
5.2.3 System boundary .10
5.2.4 Scope of e-media carbon footprint studies .10
5.2.5 Life cycle stages.11
5.3 System boundary definitions .11
5.4 Time boundary for data .12
5.5 Carbon footprint quantification of life-cycle stages .12
5.5.1 Inventory analysis .12
5.5.2 Data collection for each life-cycle stage .12
5.5.3 General requirements applied to all stages .13
5.5.4 Production stage for contents .16
5.5.5 Distribution stage for contents (optional) .16
5.5.6 Use stage for contents .16
5.5.7 Production stage for e-media devices .17
5.5.8 Distribution stage for e-media devices .17
5.5.9 Use stage for e-media devices .17
5.5.10 End-of-life stage for e-media devices (optional) .18
6 Reporting .18
6.1 General .18
6.2 Documentation requirements.18
6.2.1 General.18
6.2.2 Reporting requirements .18
6.3 Interpretation of the carbon footprint of a product .19
6.3.1 General.19
6.3.2 Life cycle interpretation phase .19
6.3.3 Allocation method .19
7 Communication requirements .19
7.1 General .19
7.2 Interpretation and comparison .20
7.3 Product definitions and product category rules .20
Annex A (informative) Inventory analysis of input criteria used to define the product profile .21
Annex B (normative) Operations and materials in processes and data collection
itemswithin the system boundary.22
Annex C (normative) Allocation method regarding e-media devices .24
Annex D (informative) Method regarding the number of downloads .26
Annex E (informative) Calculation examples .27
Annex F (normative) Information to be included in e-media carbon footprint comparisons .28
Annex G (normative) Limitations of the CFP .29
Bibliography .31
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved

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