IEC TR 62543:2022 is available as IEC TR 62543:2022 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC TR 62543:2022 gives general guidance on the subject of voltage sourced converters (VSC) used for transmission of power by high voltage direct current (HVDC). It describes converters that are not only voltage sourced (containing a capacitive energy storage medium and where the polarity of DC voltage remains fixed) but also self-commutated, using semiconductor devices which can both be turned on and turned off by control action. The scope includes 2‑level and 3-level converters with pulse-width modulation (PWM), along with multi-level converters, modular multi-level converters and cascaded two-level converters, but excludes 2‑level and 3-level converters operated without PWM, in square-wave output mode. HVDC power transmission using voltage sourced converters is known as "VSC transmission". The various types of circuit that can be used for VSC transmission are described in this document, along with their principal operational characteristics and typical applications. The overall aim is to provide a guide for purchasers to assist with the task of specifying a VSC transmission scheme. Line-commutated and current-sourced converters are specifically excluded from this document. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- in Clause 3, some redundant definitions which were identical to those listed in IEC 62747 have been deleted;
- in 4.3.4, description and diagrams have been added for the cases of a bipole with dedicated metallic return and a rigid bipole;
- in 4.4, mention is made of the bi-mode insulated gate transistor (BiGT) and injection enhanced gate transistor (IEGT) as possible alternatives to the IGBT;
- in 5.6, the reference to common-mode blocking reactors has been deleted since these are very rarely used nowadays.

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IEC TR 63259:2022(E) provides guidelines for the application of water cooling systems for power electronics used in electrical transmission and distribution systems.
This document describes a kind of water cooling system, in which de-ionized water or de-ionized water mixed with other solutes is used as the heat transfer agent for the removal of heat from power electronic equipment. Water cooling system can be separated into main circuit, and control and protection system. Other cooling systems, in which de-ionized water is not the heat transfer agent, are excluded in this document.
This document provides guidance and supporting information for both purchaser(s) and potential supplier(s). It can be used as the basis for drafting a procurement specification and as a guide during project implementation.

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    24 pages
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IEC 61954:2021 is available as IEC 61954:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 61954:2021 defines type, production and optional tests on thyristor valves used in thyristor controlled reactors (TCR), thyristor switched reactors (TSR) and thyristor switched capacitors (TSC) forming part of static VAR compensators (SVC) for power system applications. The requirements of the document apply both to single valve units (one phase) and to multiple valve units (several phases). Clauses 4 to 7 detail the type tests, i.e. tests which are carried out to verify that the valve design meets the requirements specified. Clause 8 covers the production tests, i.e. tests which are carried out to verify proper manufacturing. Clauses 9 and 10 detail optional tests, i.e. tests additional to the type and production tests. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: important clarifications were made in 4.4.1.2, 5.1.2.2, 5.1.3.2, 5.2.3.2, 6.1.2.2, 6.1.2.4, 6.1.3.2, 6.2.2.2, 6.2.2.4, 6.3.2.2 and 9.3.2.

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IEC TR 62001-4:2021 is available as IEC TR 62001-4:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC TR 62001:2021, which is a Technical Report, provides guidance on the basic data of AC side filters for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems and their components such as ratings, power losses, design issues and special applications, protection, seismic requirements, equipment design and test parameters.
This document covers AC side filtering for the frequency range of interest in terms of harmonic distortion and audible frequency disturbances. It excludes filters designed to be effective in the power line carrier (PLC) and radio interference spectra. It concerns the conventional AC filter technology and LCC (line-commutated converter) HVDC but much of this applies to any filter equipment for VSC (voltage sourced converter) HVDC. This edition includes the following significant technical change with respect to the previous edition:
- general updating of the document to reflect changes in practice;
- Annex A deleted as its content is covered by IEC 61803.

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IEC TR 62001:2021(E), which is a Technical Report, provides guidance on the state-of-the art of VSC technology in relation to harmonics and predicted future developments, on the harmonic profile of present and predicted future VSC architectures and how they are characterised and modelled – as voltage sources, current sources, or otherwise. It also assesses the harmonic impedance of VSC and the possible impact on pre-existing background harmonics emanating from loads or generation units in the supply network and considers how VSC harmonics are assessed under current IEC standards and national regulations, and identify areas where improvements could be made, research can be needed, or other bodies consulted, for example when considering interharmonics. This document can be a reference source on the subject, which will also contain recommendations for use by those charged with modifying existing standards to adapt to VSC HVDC systems.

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IEC TR 62001-1:2021 is available as IEC TR 62001-1:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC TR 62001-1:2021 deals with the specification and design evaluation of AC side harmonic performance and AC side filters for HVDC schemes. It is intended to be primarily for the use of the utilities and consultants who are responsible for issuing the specifications for new HVDC projects and evaluating designs proposed by prospective suppliers. This document provides guidance on the specifications of AC filters for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems with line-commutated converters and filter performance calculation. The scope of this document covers AC side filtering for the frequency range of interest in terms of harmonic distortion and audible frequency disturbances. Where the term "HVDC converter" or "HVDC station" is referred to without qualification, in this document, it is understood to refer to LCC technology. It excludes filters designed to be effective in the power line carrier (PLC) and radio interference spectra. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- general updating of the document to reflect changes in practice;
- 10.2.4 on fuseless capacitors has been transferred to IEC TR 62001-4;
- Clause 11 on future developments has been expanded;
- 10.3.3 and Annex F on voltage sourced converters have been deleted as their content is covered by IEC TR 62543.

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IEC 61803:2020 is available as IEC 61803:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61803:2020 applies to all line-commutated high-voltage direct current (HVDC) converter stations used for power exchange (power transmission or back-to-back installation) in utility systems. This document presumes the use of 12-pulse thyristor converters but can, with due care, also be used for 6-pulse thyristor converters. In some applications, synchronous compensators or static var compensators (SVC) may be connected to the AC bus of the HVDC converter station. The loss determination procedures for such equipment are not included in this document. This document presents a set of standard procedures for determining the total losses of an HVDC converter station. The procedures cover all parts, except as noted above, and address no-load operation and operating losses together with their methods of calculation which use, wherever possible, measured parameters. Converter station designs employing novel components or circuit configurations compared to the typical design assumed in this document, or designs equipped with unusual auxiliary circuits that could affect the losses, are assessed on their own merits. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- to facilitate the application of this document and to ensure its quality remains consistent, 5.1.8 and 5.8 have been reviewed, taking into consideration that the present thyristor production technology provides considerably less thyristor parameters dispersion comparing with the situation in 1999 when the first edition of IEC 61803 was developed, and therefore the production records of thyristors can be used for the power losses calculation;
- the calculation of the total station load losses (cases D1 and D2 in Annex C) has been corrected.

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IEC TR 60919-1:2020 is available as IEC TR 60919-1:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC TR 60919-1:2020(E) provides general guidance on the steady-state performance requirements of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems. It concerns the steady-state performance of two-terminal HVDC systems utilizing 12-pulse converter units comprised of three-phase bridge (double-way) connections, but it does not cover multi­terminal HVDC transmission systems. Both terminals are assumed to use thyristor valves as the main semiconductor valves and to have power flow capability in both directions. Diode valves are not considered in this document. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- Figure 8 and Figure 20 have been updated, a new Figure 18 "LCC/VSC hybrid bipolar system" has been added;
- the HVDC system control objectives have been supplemented;
- additional explanations regarding the HVDC system control structure have been given;
- a new subclause 13.6 on HVDC system protection has been added.

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IEC TR 63262:2019(E) provides guidelines for applying unified power flow controllers (UPFC) in power systems. It includes letter symbols, terms and definitions, principles and configurations, design rules, performance requirements for key equipment control and protection, insulation co-ordination, system performance and tests. This technical report applies to the UPFC based on modular multi-level converter (MMC) technology, as well as UPFC based on three-level converter technology.

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    40 pages
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IEC 60633:2019 is available as IEC 60633:2019 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 6033:2019 defines terms for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission systems and for HVDC substations using electronic power converters for the conversion from AC to DC or vice versa. This document is applicable to HVDC substations with line commutated converters, most commonly based on three-phase bridge (double way) connections (see Figure 2) in which unidirectional electronic valves, for example semiconductor valves, are used. For the thyristor valves, only the most important definitions are included in this document. A more comprehensive list of HVDC valve terminology is given in IEC 60700-2. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- 40 terms and definitions have been amended and 31 new terms and definitions have been added mainly on converter units and valves, converter operating conditions, HVDC systems and substations and HVDC substation equipment;
- a new Figure 13 on capacitor commutated converter configurations has been added.
The contents of the corrigendum of February 2020 have been included in this copy.

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Specifies end-to-end dimensions for given nominal sizes and pressure ratings of buttweld, two-way, global-type, straigth pattern control valves for nominal sizes DN 15 through DN 450. Aids users in their piping design by providing normalized dimensions of buttweld end control valves.

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    8 pages
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Specifies the content, format and recording method of the data blocks forming the helical records on the tape. Describes the common specifications for cassettes, modulation method, magnetization  and basic system data, for helical-scan digital video cassette recording system using 6,35 mm (1/4 inch) magnetic tape. Defines the electrical and mechanical characteristics of equipment which will provide for the interchangeability of recorded cassettes.

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    14 pages
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IEC 62927:2017 applies to self-commutated valves, for use in voltage sourced converter (VSC) for static synchronous compensator (STATCOM). It is restricted to electrical type and production tests.
The tests specified in this document are based on air insulated valves. For other types of valves, the test requirements and acceptance criteria are agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.
The contents of the corrigendum of December 2017 have been included in this copy.

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IEC TR 62001-3:2016(E), which is a Technical Report, provides guidance on the harmonic interaction across converters, pre-existing harmonics, AC network impedance modelling and simulation of AC filter performance. The scope of this document covers AC side filtering for the frequency range of interest in terms of harmonic distortion and audible frequency disturbances. It excludes filters designed to be effective in the PLC and radio interference spectra. This document concerns the "conventional" AC filter technology and line-commutated high-voltage direct current (HVDC) converters. This first edition of IEC TR 62001-3, together with IEC TR 62001-1, IEC TR 62001-2 and IEC TR 62001-4, cancels and replaces IEC TR 62001 published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC TR 62001:
a) expanded and supplemented Clause 6;
b) new Clause 4;
c) new Clause 5;
d) new annexes on the location of worst case network impedance;
e) accuracy of network component modelling at harmonic frequencies;
f) further guidance for the measurement of harmonic voltage distortion;
g) project experience of pre-existing harmonic issues;
h) worked examples showing impact of pre-existing distortion;
i) comparison of calculation methods.

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IEC TR 62001-2:2016(E), which is a Technical Report, provides guidance on the performance aspects and verification of performance of harmonic filters. The scope of this document covers AC side filtering for the frequency range of interest in terms of harmonic distortion and audible frequency disturbances. It excludes filters designed to be effective in the PLC and radio interference spectra. This document concerns the "conventional" AC filter technology and line-commutated high-voltage direct current (HVDC) converters. This first edition of IEC TR 62001-2, together with IEC TR 62001-1, IEC TR 62001-3 and IEC TR 62001-4, cancels and replaces IEC TR 62001 published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC TR 62001:
a) expanded and supplemented Clause 19, and Annex B;
b) new Clause 3 on current-based interference criteria;
c) new annexes on induced noise calculation with Dubanton equations;
d) addition of a TIF requirement in a technical specification;
e) specification of IT limits dependent on network impedance and on the impact of AC network harmonic impedance; and
f) specification of voltage level on the filter design necessary to fulfil an IT criterion.

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IEC 60700-2:2016 defines terms for thyristor valves for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission with line commutated converters most commonly based on three-phase bridge connections for the conversion from AC to DC and vice versa.
The contents of the corrigendum of June 2017 have been included in this copy.

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    45 pages
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IEC TR 62001-4:2016(E), which is a Technical Report, provides guidance on the basic data of AC side filters for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems and their components such as ratings, power losses, design issues and special applications, protection, seismic requirements, equipment design and test parameters. This document covers AC side filtering for the frequency range of interest in terms of harmonic distortion and audible frequency disturbances. It excludes filters designed to be effective in the power line carrier (PLC) and radio interference spectra. It concerns the "conventional" AC filter technology and line-commutated HVDC converters. This first edition of IEC TR 62001-4, together with IEC TR 62001-1, IEC TR 62001-2 and IEC TR 62001-3, cancels and replaces IEC TR 62001 published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC TR 62001:
a) Clauses 10 to 16, 18, Annexes F and G have been expanded and supplemented.

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IEC TR 62001-1:2016(E), which is a Technical Report, provides guidance on the specifications of AC filters for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems with line-commutated converters and filter performance calculation. This document deals with the specification and design evaluation of AC side harmonic performance and AC side filters for HVDC schemes. It is intended to be primarily for the use of the utilities and consultants who are responsible for issuing the specifications for new HVDC projects and evaluating designs proposed by prospective suppliers. The scope of this document covers AC side filtering for the frequency range of interest in terms of harmonic distortion and audible frequency disturbances. It excludes filters designed to be effective in the Power Line Carrier (PLC) and radio interference spectra. The bulk of this document concentrates on the "conventional" AC filter technology and line-commutated HVDC converters. The changes entailed by new technologies are also discussed. This first edition of IEC TR 62001-1, together with IEC TR 62001-2, IEC TR 62001-3 and IEC TR 62001-4, cancels and replaces IEC TR 62001 published in 2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision. IEC TR 62001-1 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC TR 62001:
a) Clauses 3 to 5, 7 to 9, 17, 20, Annexes A and C to E have been expanded and supplemented;
b) Annexes C and F on the definition of telephone interference parameters and voltage sourced converters have been added.

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IEC 62823:2015 defines routine and type tests on thyristor valves used in thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) installations for a.c. power transmission. The tests specified in this standard are based on air insulated valves operating in capacitive boost mode or bypass mode.

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IEC 60700-1:2015 is available as IEC 60700-1:2015 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60700-1:2015 applies to thyristor valves with metal oxide surge arresters directly connected between the valve terminals, for use in a line commutated converter for high voltage d.c. power transmission or as part of a back-to-back link. It is restricted to electrical type and production tests. The tests specified in this standard are based on air insulated valves. For other types of valves, the test requirements and acceptance criteria can be agreed. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition.
a) Definitions of terms "redundant thyristor levels", "thyristor level", "valve section" have been changed for clarification.
b) The notes were added to test requirements of dielectric d.c. voltage tests for valve support, MVU, valve, specifying that before repeating the test with opposite polarity, the tested object may be short-circuited and earthed for several hours. The same procedure may be followed at the end of the d.c. voltage test.
c) Table 1 on thyristor level faults permitted during type tests was supplemented.
d) The alternative MVU dielectric test method was added.
e) It was specified that production tests may include routine tests as well as sample tests.
f) It was added into test requirements for periodic firing and extinction tests that a scaling factor for tests shall be applied when testing with valve sections.
The contents of the corrigendum of January 2017 have been included in this copy.

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IEC TR 62757:2015(E), which is a technical report, deals with fire prevention measures on converters and their valve halls for high voltage direct current (HVDC) systems, static VAR compensators (SVC) and flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS). It is intended to be primarily for the use of the utilities and consultants who are responsible for issuing technical specifications for new converter valves and valve halls. It concerns fire incidents in HVDC projects using line commutated converters (LCC) or voltage sourced converter (VSC) technology and it is from these projects that most examples of fires and fire incidents are taken. This technical report also addresses converter valves and valve halls for SVC and FACTS. This technical report provides general recommendations to be considered while preparing specifications for these systems. Specific requirements for a particular project need to be clearly specified and mutually agreed upon between the supplier and the purchaser.

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IEC 62751-2:2014 gives the detailed method to be adopted for calculating the power losses in the valves for an HVDC system based on the "modular multi-level converter", where each valve in the converter consists of a number of self-contained, two-terminal controllable voltage sources connected in series. It is applicable both for the cases where each modular cell uses only a single turn-off semiconductor device in each switch position, and the case where each switch position consists of a number of turn-off semiconductor devices in series (topology also referred to as "cascaded two-level converter"). The main formulae are given for the two-level "half-bridge" configuration but guidance is also given as to how to extend the results to certain other types of MMC building block configuration.

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    115 pages
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IEC 62751-1:2014 sets out the general principles for calculating the power losses in the converter valves of a voltage sourced converter (VSC) for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) applications, independent of the converter topology. Several clauses in the standard can also be used for calculating the power losses in the dynamic braking valves (where used) and as guidance for calculating the power losses of the valves for a STATCOM installation.

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IEC 62747:2014 defines terms for the subject of self-commutated voltage-sourced converters used for transmission of power by high voltage direct current (HVDC). The standard is written mainly for the case of application of insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) in voltage sourced converters (VSC) but may also be used for guidance in the event that other types of semiconductor devices which can both be turned on and turned off by control action are used. Line-commutated and current-sourced converters for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission systems are specifically excluded from this standard. The contents of the corrigendum of February 2015 have been included in this copy.

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IEC/TR 62544:2011(E) gives general guidance on the subject of active filters for use in high-voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission. It describes systems where active devices are used primarily to achieve a reduction in harmonics in the d.c. or a.c. systems. This excludes the use of automatically retuned components. The various types of circuit that can be used for active filters are described in the report, along with their principal operational characteristics and typical applications. The overall aim is to provide guidance for purchasers to assist with the task of specifying active filters as part of HVDC converters. Passive filters are specifically excluded from this report.

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IEC 61954:2011 defines type, production and optional tests on thyristor valves used in thyristor controlled reactors (TCR), thyristor switched reactors (TSR) and thyristor switched capacitors (TSC) forming part of static VAR compensators (SVC) for power system applications. The requirements of the standard apply both to single valve units (one phase) and to multiple valve units (several phases). This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Definitions of terms "thyristor level", "valve section", "valve base electronics" and "redundant thyristor levels" have been changed for clarification;
b) Conditions of testing thyristor valve sections instead of a complete thyristor valve have been defined;
c) The requirement has been added that if, following a type test, one thyristor level has become short-circuited, then the failed level shall be restored and this type test repeated;
d) The time period of increasing the initial test voltage from 50 % to 100 % during type a.c. dielectric tests on TSC, TCR or TSR valves has been set equal to approximately 10 s;
e) The duration of test voltage Uts2 during type a.c.-d.c. dielectric tests between TSC valve terminals and earth as well as the duration of test voltage Utvv2 during dielectric tests between TSC valves (for MVU only) has been changed from 30 min to 3 h;
f) The reference on the number of pulses per minute of the periodic partial discharge recorded during a.c.-d.c. dielectric tests on TSC valves and exceeding the permissible level has been deleted.

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IEC/TR 62543:2011(E) gives general guidance on the subject of voltage-sourced converters used for transmission of power by high voltage direct current (HVDC). It describes converters that are not only voltage-sourced (containing a capacitive energy storage medium and where the polarity of d.c. voltage remains fixed) but also self-commutated, using semiconductor devices which can both be turned on and turned off by control action. The scope includes 2-level and 3-level converters with pulse-width modulation (PWM), along with multi-level converters, but excludes 2-level and 3-level converters operated without PWM, in square-wave output mode. HVDC power transmission using voltage sourced converters is known as "VSC transmission". The various types of circuit that can be used for VSC transmission are described in the report, along with their principal operational characteristics and typical applications. The overall aim is to provide a guide for purchasers to assist with the task of specifying a VSC transmission scheme. Line-commutated and current-sourced converters are specifically excluded from this report. This technical report cancels and replaces IEC/PAS 62543:2008 (Ed.1) which was published by IEC and CIGRÉ jointly, and combined with engineering experience.

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IEC 61803:1999+A1:2010 applies to all line-commutated high-voltage direct current (HVDC) converter stations used for power exchange in utility systems. This standard presumes the use of 12-pulse thyristor converters but can, with due care, also be used for 6-pulse thyristor converters. In some applications, synchronous compensators or static var compensators (SVC) may be connected to the a.c. bus of the HVDC converter station. The loss determination procedures for such equipment are not included in this standard. This standard presents a set of standard procedures for determining the total losses of an HVDC converter station. Typical HVDC equipment is shown in figure 1. The procedures cover all parts, except as noted above, and address no-load operation and operating losses together with their methods of calculation which use, wherever possible, measured parameters. Converter station designs employing novel components or circuit configurations compared to the typical design assumed in this standard, or designs equipped with unusual auxiliary circuits that could affect the losses, shall be assessed on their own merits. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (1999) and its amendment 1 (2010). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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    66 pages
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IEC 61975:2010 applies to system tests for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) installations which consist of a sending terminal and a receiving terminal, each connected to an a.c. system. The tests specified in this standard are based on bidirectional and bipolar high-voltage direct current (HVDC) installations which consist of a sending terminal and a receiving terminal, each connected to an a.c. system. The test requirements and acceptance criteria should be agreed for back-to-back installations, while multi-terminal systems and voltage sourced converters are not included in this standard. For monopolar HVDC installations, the standard applies except for bipolar tests. This standard only serves as a guideline to system tests for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) installations. The standard gives potential users guidance, regarding how to plan commissioning activities. The tests described in the guide may not be applicable to all projects, but represent a range of possible tests which should be considered. This edition cancels and replaces IEC/PAS 61975 published jointly in 2004 by IEC and CIGRÉ. It constitutes a technical revision incorporating engineering experience.

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    165 pages
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