Evacuation Lighting in Road Tunnels

This European Standard specifies evacuation lighting in road tunnels longer than 500 m and with an AADT (Annual Average Daily Traffic) higher than 500 vehicles to facilitate the safe evacuation of vehicle occupants in evacuation situations such as fire. It addresses the fundamental issues of evacuation lighting for evacuation routes, emergency exits and cross connections, as well as giving some practical advice regarding aspects of installation and maintenance in road tunnels. It is intended to be used in conjunction with CEN/CR 14380:2003 or relevant national standards for road tunnel lighting. The recommendations may be applied to tunnels up to 500 m in length, especially where conditions such as high traffic volume, or severe curvature or gradient apply. It specifies lighting levels and general provisions for evacuation lighting installations that, based on experience, are considered to be necessary for the safety of people driving through road tunnels in case of an incident and particularly in case of fire. However, as there are different types of road tunnels, both in construction and traffic conditions, various types of incident may occur. This standard should be considered as a list of minimum prescriptions for evacuation lighting in tunnels, to be completed by means of specific risk analysis for the particular tunnel. The design of marking and safety signs is not part of this standard.

Fluchtwegbeleuchtung in Straßentunneln

Diese Norm legt Anforderungen fest an die Fluchtwegbeleuchtung in Straßentunneln, welche länger als 500 m sind und einen DTV (Jährlicher Durchschnitt täglicher Verkehr) von mehr als 500 Fahrzeugen aufweisen, um eine sichere Evakuierung von Fahrzeuginsassen in Ereignisfällen wie z. B. Feuer zu ermöglichen. Sie befasst sich mit den Grundbelangen der Fluchtwegbeleuchtung für Fluchtwege, Notausgänge, Rettungswege und Querschläge; darüber hinaus gibt sie auch praktische Hilfestellung in Hinblick auf Installation und Unterhaltung der Fluchtwegbeleuchtung in Straßentunneln. Es ist vorgesehen die Norm in Verbindung mit der CEN/CR 14380:2003 oder mit einschlägigen nationalen Normen für die Beleuchtung in Straßentunneln zu verwenden. Die Empfehlungen dürfen auch für Tunnel bis zu einer Länge von 500 m angewendet werden, besonders bei Gegebenheiten wie hohes Verkehrsaufkommen, scharfe Krümmungen oder Gefällstrecken. Es werden Empfehlungen zu Beleuchtungsniveaus und zu allgemeinen Bestimmungen für die Installation der Fluchtwegbeleuchtung gegeben. Diese basieren auf Erfahrungen, welche im Störfall und besonders bei Feuer als notwendig erachtet werden, um die Sicherheit von Personen, die durch den Straßentunnel fahren, sicherzustellen. Da es aber verschiede Arten von Tunneln gibt, die sich sowohl in der Bauart als auch den Verkehrsverhältnissen unterscheiden können und verschiedene Arten von Störfällen vorkommen können, sollte dieses Dokument als eine Liste von minimalen Vorschriften für die Fluchtwegbeleuchtung in Straßentunneln betrachtet werden, welche durch eine spezifische Risikoanalyse für den bestimmten Tunnel zu vervollständigen ist. Die Ausführung der Kennzeichen und der Sicherheitszeichen ist nicht Teil dieser Norm.

Eclairage des itinéraires d'évacuation dans les tunnels routiers

La présente norme spécifie l'éclairage des itinéraires d'évacuation dans les tunnels routiers d'une longueur supérieure à 500 m et dont le TMJA (trafic moyen journalier annuel) est supérieur à 500 véhicules pour faciliter l'évacuation en toute sécurité des usagers lors de situations d'évacuation telles qu'un incendie. Elle traite des questions fondamentales relatives à l'éclairage des itinéraires d'évacuation, des issues de secours et des galeries de communication. Elle donne également quelques conseils pratiques portant sur des caractéristiques d'installation et d'entretien dans les tunnels routiers. Elle est destinée à être utilisée conjointement avec le CEN/CR 14380:2003 ou les normes nationales pertinentes concernant l'éclairage des tunnels routiers.
Ces recommandations peuvent s’appliquer aux tunnels d’une longueur maximale de 500 m, en particulier  ceux qui ont un volume de trafic élevé ou qui présentent des courbes ou des pentes importantes.
La présente Norme recommande des niveaux d'éclairage et des dispositions générales applicables aux installations d'éclairage des itinéraires d'évacuation qui, par expérience, sont considérées comme nécessaires pour la sécurité des usagers des tunnels routiers en cas d'incident, et particulièrement d'incendie. Cependant, puisqu'il existe différents types de tunnels routiers, à la fois en construction et en exploitation, et que différents types d'incidents peuvent survenir, il convient de considérer ce rapport comme une liste des prescriptions minimales pour l'éclairage des itinéraires d'évacuation dans les tunnels, à compléter par une analyse des risques spécifiques liés au tunnel concerné.
La conception du marquage et des signaux de sécurité ne relève pas de la présente norme.

Razsvetljava evakuacijskih poti v predorih

Ta evropski standard določa razsvetljavo evakuacijskih poti v predorih, daljših od 500 m in s povprečnim letnim dnevnim prometom (AADT), višjim od 500 vozil, za zagotavljanje varne evakuacije uporabnikov vozil v evakuacijskih situacijah, kot je požar. Obravnava osnovna vprašanja v zvezi z razsvetljavo evakuacijskih poti, izhodi v sili in navzkrižnimi povezavami ter podaja nekaj praktičnih nasvetov v zvezi z vidiki namestitve in vzdrževanja v predorih. Namenjen je za uporabo skupaj s standardom CEN/CR 14380:2003 ali ustreznimi nacionalnimi standardi za razsvetljavo predorov. Priporočila se lahko uporabljajo za predore do 500 m dolžine, zlasti kjer veljajo pogoji, kot je velik obseg prometa ali oster ovinek ali naklon. Določa ravni razsvetljave in splošne določbe za namestitev razsvetljave evakuacijskih poti, ki se glede na izkušnje štejejo kot potrebne za varnost ljudi, ki se vozijo skozi predore, v primeru nesreče in zlasti v primeru požara. Vendar ker obstajajo različne vrste predorov, ki se razlikujejo po načinu gradnje in prometnih pogojih, lahko pride do različnih vrst nesreč. Ta standard naj se uporablja kot seznam minimalnih predpisov za razsvetljavo evakuacijskih poti v predorih, pri čemer naj ga dopolnjuje specifična analiza tveganja za posamezen predor. Zasnova oznak in varnostnih znakov ni del tega standarda.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Jul-2011
Publication Date
24-Mar-2013
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
31-Jan-2013
Due Date
07-Apr-2013
Completion Date
25-Mar-2013

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Razsvetljava evakuacijskih poti v predorihFluchtwegbeleuchtung in StraßentunnelnEclairage des itinéraires d'évacuation dans les tunnels routiersEvacuation Lighting in Road Tunnels93.080.40Street lighting and related equipment93.060Gradnja predorovTunnel constructionICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16276:2013SIST EN 16276:2013en,fr,de01-maj-2013SIST EN 16276:2013SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16276:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16276
January 2013 ICS 93.080.40 English Version
Evacuation Lighting in Road Tunnels
Éclairage des itinéraires d'évacuation dans les tunnels routiers

Evakuierungsbeleuchtung in Straßentunneln This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 December 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 16276:2013: ESIST EN 16276:2013

EN 16276:2013 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 4 1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................ 5 2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................... 5 3.1 Tunnel construction aspects ........................................................................................................... 5 3.2 Road tunnel evacuation lighting terms ........................................................................................... 7 4 Lighting of specific areas under emergency circumstances ......................................................... 8 4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................. 8 4.2 Driving task lighting ......................................................................................................................... 8 4.2.1 Carriageway ...................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2.2 Vehicular cross connections ........................................................................................................... 9 4.3 Pedestrian guidance ........................................................................................................................ 9 4.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................. 9 4.3.2 Evacuation route within the main tunnel ........................................................................................ 9 4.3.3 Emergency exits ............................................................................................................................. 10 4.3.4 Evacuation route outside the main tunnel .................................................................................... 11 Annex A (informative)

A–deviations ........................................................................................................... 13 Bibliography................................................................................................................................................ 14

SIST EN 16276:2013

EN 16276:2013 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 16276:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 169 “Light and lighting”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2013. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16276:2013

EN 16276:2013 (E) 4 Introduction The Directive 2004/54/EC of the European Parliament of 29 April 2004 aims at ensuring a minimum level of safety for road users in tunnels in the Trans-European Network by the prevention of critical events that may endanger human life. With regard to lighting, there are two main cases: normal lighting and safety lighting. Normal lighting is provided to ensure appropriate visibility during the day and night for drivers in the entrance zone as well as in the interior zone. Safety lighting is divided into two parts: standby lighting and evacuation lighting. Standby lighting is provided to ensure a minimum visibility for tunnel users to evacuate the tunnel in their vehicles in the event of a breakdown of the power supply. Evacuation lighting is provided to guide tunnel users during evacuation of the tunnel on foot in emergency circumstances such as fire. Evacuation lighting includes evacuation route marker lights, emergency exit lighting, emergency exit marker lights and evacuation route lighting. SIST EN 16276:2013

EN 16276:2013 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies evacuation lighting in road tunnels longer than 500 m and with an AADT (Annual Average Daily Traffic) higher than 500 vehicles to facilitate the safe evacuation of vehicle occupants in evacuation situations such as fire. It addresses the fundamental issues of evacuation lighting for evacuation routes, emergency exits and cross connections, as well as giving some practical advice regarding aspects of installation and maintenance in road tunnels. It is intended to be used in conjunction with CEN/CR 14380:2003 or relevant national standards for road tunnel lighting. The recommendations may be applied to tunnels up to 500 m in length, especially where conditions such as high traffic volume, or severe curvature or gradient apply. It specifies lighting levels and general provisions for evacuation lighting installations that, based on experience, are considered to be necessary for the safety of people driving through road tunnels in case of an incident and particularly in case of fire. However, as there are different types of road tunnels, both in construction and traffic conditions, various types of incident may occur. This standard should be considered as a list of minimum prescriptions for evacuation lighting in tunnels, to be completed by means of specific risk analysis for the particular tunnel. The design of marking and safety signs is not part of this standard. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1838:1999, Lighting applications — Emergency lighting EN 12665:2011, Light and lighting — Basic terms and criteria for specifying lighting requirements EN 50172:2004, Emergency escape lighting systems CEN/CR 14380:2003, Lighting applications — Tunnel Lighting 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 12665:2011, EN 1838:1999 and the following apply. 3.1 Tunnel construction aspects 3.1.1 main tunnel part of a tunnel which contains the carriageway 3.1.2 carriageway

part of the road used by vehicular traffic, normally divided into lanes

3.1.3 vehicular cross connections (between tunnel tubes) vehicular carriageway connecting adjacent tubes SIST EN 16276:2013

EN 16276:2013 (E) 6

Key 1 main tunnel 2 vehicular cross connection Figure 1 — Vehicular cross connection 3.1.4 pedestrian cross connections (between tunnel tubes) pedestrian route connecting adjacent tubes

Key 1 main tunnel 2 pedestrian cross connection Figure 2 — Pedestrian cross connection SIST EN 16276:2013

EN 16276:2013 (E) 7 3.1.5 evacuation route within the main tunnel pedestrian route from a stationary vehicle to an emergency exit 3.1.6 emergency exit exit intended to be used by pedestrians to escape from the main tunnel to a safe area (directly or via an evacuation route) 3.1.7 evacuation route outside the main tunnel pedestrian route after an emergency exit

Key 1 main tunnel 2 emergency exit 3 outdoor 4 safety gallery 5 safe area 6 evacuation route outside the main tunnel 7 final exit 8 evacuation route within the main tunnel 9 carriageway Figure 3 — Tunnel construction examples 3.2 Road tunnel evacuation lighting terms 3.2.1 standby lighting

part of the normal lighting that maintains the tunnel lighting at a specific level in the event of a breakdown of the power supply Note 1 to entry: Standby lighting is called emergency lighting in CEN/CR 14380:2003. SIST EN 16276:2013

EN 16276:2013 (E) 8 3.2.2 evacuation lighting lighting whose function is to guide tunnel users to evacuate the tunnel on foot in case of emergency circumstances such as fire 3.2.3 evacuation route marker light light used to guide pedestrians and delineate an evacuation route to an emergency exit 3.2.4 emergency exit lighting lighting to make emergency exits visible and identifiable 3.2.5 emergency exit marker light light used to delineate the frame of an emergency exit 3.2.6 evacuati

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