Packaging - Transport packaging for dangerous goods - Test methods (ISO 16495:2022)

This document specifies the information needed for the design type testing of packaging, intermediate
bulk containers (IBCs) and large packaging intended for use in the transport of dangerous goods.
NOTE 1 This document can be used in conjunction with one or more of the international regulations set out in
the Bibliography.
NOTE 2 The term “packaging” includes packaging for Class 6.2 infectious substances according to the United
Nations.

Verpackung - Verpackungen zur Beförderung gefährlicher Güter - Prüfverfahren (ISO 16495:2022)

Dieses Dokument legt Informationen für die Bauartprüfungen von Verpackungen, Großpackmitteln (IBC, en: intermediate bulk containers) und Großverpackungen fest, die zum Transport gefährlicher Güter vor¬gesehen sind.
ANMERKUNG 1 Dieses Dokument kann nur in Verbindung mit einer oder mehreren der in den Literaturhinweisen aufgeführten internationalen Vorschriften angewandt werden.
ANMERKUNG 2 Der Begriff „Verpackungen“ bezieht Verpackungen für die Klasse 6.2 „Ansteckungsgefährliche Stoffe“ nach den Vereinten Nationen ein.

Emballages - Emballages de transport pour marchandises dangereuses - Méthodes d'essai (ISO 16495:2022)

Le présent document spécifie les informations nécessaires aux essais de modèle type relatifs aux emballages, aux grands récipients pour vrac (GRV) et aux grands emballages destinés à être utilisés pour le transport de marchandises dangereuses.
NOTE 1      Le présent document peut être utilisé conjointement avec une ou plusieurs des réglementations internationales présentées dans la bibliographie.
NOTE 2      Le terme « emballages » comprend les emballages destinés à la classe 6.2 substances infectieuses selon les Nations Unies.

Embalaža - Transportna embalaža za nevarno blago - Preskusne metode (ISO 16495:2022)

Ta dokument določa informacije, potrebne za tipsko preskušanje zasnove embalaže, vmesnih vsebnikov (IBC) in večje embalaže, namenjene za uporabo pri prevozu nevarnega blaga.
OPOMBA 1: Ta dokument se lahko uporablja v povezavi z enim ali več mednarodnimi predpisi iz razdelka Literatura.
OPOMBA 2: Izraz »embalaža« zajema embalažo za infektivne snovi razreda 6.2 v skladu z opredelitvijo Združenih narodov.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
03-Aug-2021
Publication Date
23-Aug-2022
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Aug-2022
Due Date
06-Oct-2022
Completion Date
24-Aug-2022

Relations

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
English language
53 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day
Draft
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
English language
51 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
01-september-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 16495:2014
Embalaža - Transportna embalaža za nevarno blago - Preskusne metode (ISO
16495:2022)

Packaging - Transport packaging for dangerous goods - Test methods (ISO 16495:2022)

Verpackung - Verpackungen zur Beförderung gefährlicher Güter - Prüfverfahren (ISO

16495:2022)
Emballages - Emballages de transport pour marchandises dangereuses - Méthodes
d'essai (ISO 16495:2022)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 16495:2022
ICS:
13.300 Varstvo pred nevarnimi Protection against dangerous
izdelki goods
55.020 Pakiranje in distribucija blaga Packaging and distribution of
na splošno goods in general
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
EN ISO 16495
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.300; 55.020 Supersedes EN ISO 16495:2013
English Version
Packaging - Transport packaging for dangerous goods -
Test methods (ISO 16495:2022)

Emballages - Emballages de transport pour Verpackung - Verpackungen zur Beförderung

marchandises dangereuses - Méthodes d'essai (ISO gefährlicher Güter - Prüfverfahren (ISO 16495:2022)

16495:2022)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 May 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 16495:2022 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
EN ISO 16495:2022 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
EN ISO 16495:2022 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 16495:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 122

"Packaging" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 261 “Packaging” the secretariat of

which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2022, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 16495:2013.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards

body/national committee. A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 16495:2022 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 16495:2022 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16495
Second edition
2022-05
Packaging — Transport packaging for
dangerous goods — Test methods
Emballages — Emballages de transport pour marchandises
dangereuses — Méthodes d'essai
Reference number
ISO 16495:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
ISO 16495:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
ISO 16495:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Selection and preparation of packaging, IBCs and large packaging for testing ..............................2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Selection of packaging, IBCs and large packaging .................................................................................................. 2

4.3 Information to be provided with packaging, IBCs and large packaging ............................................. 2

4.3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.3.2 Test contents – using water and non-dangerous substances ..................................................... 2

4.3.3 Test contents – using the dangerous substance ..................................................................................... 3

4.3.4 Vapour pressure ................................... ............................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.5 Test contents – using articles .................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3.6 Closing instructions......................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.7 Handling characteristics of IBCs and large packaging ..................................................................... 3

4.4 Selection of contents and filling of packaging, IBCs and large packaging prior to

testing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.4.2 Packaging, IBC, inner packaging of combination packaging and large

packaging to contain liquids .................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4.3 Rigid packaging, rigid IBCs, inner packaging of combination packaging and

large packaging to contain solids ........................................................................................................................ 4

4.4.4 Flexible packaging, flexible inner packaging and flexible IBCs to contain

solids ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.4.5 Packaging/inner packaging designed to be used part full ........................................................... 5

4.5 Closing packaging, IBCs and large packaging ............................................................................................................. 5

4.5.1 Drums, jerricans, composites and inner packaging, IBCs ............................................................. 5

4.5.2 Bags ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.5.3 Other packaging .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.6 Check of design type specification with requirements ...................................................................................... 6

4.7 C onformity check of test samples with design type specification ........................................................... 6

5 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

6 Facilities for testing ..........................................................................................................................................................................................7

6.1 General requirements ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Accuracy of measurement equipment ............................................................................................................................... 7

6.3 Accuracy of measurements in testing................................................................................................................................ 7

6.4 Climatic conditions ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.5 Reassessment when failure occurs ...................................................................................................................................... 8

7 Test report .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

Annex A (normative) Test report ............................................................................................................................................................................9

Annex B (normative) Packaging specifications ....................................................................................................................................11

Annex C (normative) IBC specifications ........................................................................................................................................................17

Annex D (normative) Large packaging specifications ...................................................................................................................21

Annex E (informative) Type of contents ........................................................................................................................................................24

Annex F (informative) Drop test ...........................................................................................................................................................................25

Annex G (informative) Leakproofness test ................................................................................................................................................28

Annex H (informative) Hydraulic pressure test ...................................................................................................................................30

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
ISO 16495:2022(E)

Annex I (informative) Stacking test ...................................................................................................................................................................32

Annex J (informative) Water spray test .........................................................................................................................................................36

Annex K (informative) Bottom lift test ...........................................................................................................................................................37

Annex L (informative) Top lift test .....................................................................................................................................................................38

Annex M (informative) Tear test ...........................................................................................................................................................................39

Annex N (informative) Topple test ......................................................................................................................................................................40

Annex O (informative) Righting test .................................................................................................................................................................41

Annex P (informative) Puncture test ...............................................................................................................................................................42

Annex Q (informative) Vibration test ..............................................................................................................................................................43

Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 44

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
ISO 16495:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 122, Packaging, Subcommittee SC 3,

Performance requirements and tests for means of packaging, packages and unit loads (as required by

ISO/TC 122), in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical

Committee CEN/TC 261, Packaging, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation

between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 16495:2013), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes are as follows:

— changes to Table B.1, Table B.2, Table B.3, Table C.1, Table D.1, Table D.2 and Table D.3;

— additional requirements in Annex H, “H.2 Preparation” added;
— deletion of Table H.1;
— editorial improvements.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
ISO 16495:2022(E)
Introduction

This document was developed to provide requirements and test procedures to meet the multi-modal

United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Model Regulations referred to

as “UN Recommendations” throughout this document, and successful passing of the tests may lead to

the allocation of an appropriate UN packaging mark. The UN Recommendations have been developed

by the United Nations Subcommittee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods as a ‘model

regulation’ in the light of technical progress, the advent of new substances and materials, the exigencies

of modern transport systems and, above all, the need to ensure the safety of people, property and the

environment. Amongst other aspects, the UN Recommendations cover principles of classification and

definition of classes, listing of the principal dangerous goods, general packing requirements, testing

procedures, marking, labelling or placarding, and shipping documents. In addition, there are special

recommendations related to particular classes of goods.

The UN Recommendations are given legal entity by the provisions of a series of international modal

agreements and national legislation for the transport of dangerous goods. The international agreements

include the following:

— The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)

[4]
(covering most of Europe) ;

— Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID) (covering most

[5]
of Europe, parts of North Africa and the Middle East) ;
[6]
— The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code) (worldwide) ;

— The International Civil Aviation Organization’s Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of

[7]
Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO TIs) (worldwide) .

Application of this document presupposes awareness of the requirements of these international

agreements and the relevant national regulations for domestic transport of dangerous goods.

It is important to note that there will be certain modal differences from the UN Recommendations and

that the schedule for revision of the recommendations and modal provisions may lead to temporary

inconsistencies with this document.

It is noted that success in the tests and the allocation of an official UN mark do not on their own

authorize the use of a packaging for any dangerous goods, which are subject to the packing instructions

published in the various modal regulations.
This document is based on Revision 21 of the UN Recommendations.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16495:2022(E)
Packaging — Transport packaging for dangerous goods —
Test methods
1 Scope

This document specifies the information needed for the design type testing of packaging, intermediate

bulk containers (IBCs) and large packaging intended for use in the transport of dangerous goods.

NOTE 1 This document can be used in conjunction with one or more of the international regulations set out in

the Bibliography.

NOTE 2 The term “packaging” includes packaging for Class 6.2 infectious substances according to the United

Nations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2206, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Identification of parts when testing

ISO 2248:1985, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Vertical impact test by dropping

ISO 2875:2000, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Water-spray test

ISO/IEC 17025:2017, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods — Model Regulations

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in the UN Recommendations,

Chapter 1.2.1, and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
brimful capacity

volume of water in litres held by the packaging, intermediate bulk container (IBC), inner packaging of

a combination packaging and/or large packaging, when filled through the designed filling orifice to the

point of overflowing in its normal position of filling, and considered for testing purposes as maximum

capacity
3.2
nominal capacity

capacity in litres which, by convention, is used to represent a class of packaging of a similar brimful

capacity (3.1)
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
ISO 16495:2022(E)
3.3
single packaging

means of packaging that does not require an inner packaging to be capable of performing its containment

function and it includes composite packaging
4 Selection and preparation of packaging, IBCs and large packaging for testing
4.1 General

The type of contents (liquid, viscous or solid) is crucial for the selection and preparation of the

packaging, IBCs and large packaging for testing
NOTE Guidance on the determination of the type of contents is given in Annex E.
4.2 Selection of packaging, IBCs and large packaging

Sufficient numbers of packaging, IBCs and large packaging per design type shall be:

a) selected for testing;

b) examined for damage which might invalidate the tests, in which event the packaging, IBCs and

large packaging shall be replaced;

c) marked with a test reference which shall also be entered on the test record and later used on the

test report;
d) individually weighed to establish the tare or filled gross mass.

The different parts of the packaging shall be identified in accordance with ISO 2206.

NOTE 1 The form of such weighing can vary according to whether the packaging, IBCs and large packaging

have been supplied full or empty to the test station. Where the masses of individual empty packaging, IBCs and

large packaging are recorded, it is sufficient to record only a typical filled gross mass (or vice versa).

NOTE 2 Under some circumstances it can be desirable to have a range of packaging, IBCs and large packaging

tested.
Examples include:
— different sizes but of the same construction;
— a variety of closures;
— a range of solid contents for use.

In such situations selective testing procedure can be used to avoid testing of every possible permutation.

The competent authority can allow this procedure after consultation.
4.3 Information to be provided with packaging, IBCs and large packaging
4.3.1 General

Each packaging, IBCs and large packaging type shall be accompanied by a specification for that design

type containing the data set outlined in Annexes B, C or D and by the following additional information

contained in 4.3.2 to 4.3.6 as appropriate.
4.3.2 Test contents – using water and non-dangerous substances

Where the tests are to be carried out using water or other non-dangerous substances, a statement of the

packing group for which the packaging is to be tested shall be provided, together with data, enabling

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 16495:2022
ISO 16495:2022(E)

appropriate selection of inert test contents. For liquids, such data shall include the required maximum

relative density for the tests together with data on, for instance, the internal pressure test required. For

solids, such data shall include mass, grain size and any other relevant characteristics, for example, bulk

density or angle of repose, to clearly show equivalence of physical characteristics.

4.3.3 Test contents – using the dangerous substance

Where the tests are to be carried out using the dangerous substance(s) to be transported, a statement

of their packing group and their physical characteristics shall be provided.

NOTE This information can be obtained from the Safety Data Sheet for the dangerous substance(s), available

from sources such as the manufacturer of the dangerous substance(s).

Liquids shall be defined by their relative density together with viscosity and method of determination.

Solids shall be defined by their mass and grain size and any other relevant characteristic, for example,

bulk density and angle of repose, to ensure physical characteristics are sufficiently identified and

included. This data shall be recorded in the test report (see Annex A).

Where the tests are carried out using the actual substance to be transported then they shall be

applicable for other substances having the same or similar characteristics.
4.3.4 Vapour pressure

For liquids, the vapour pressure (at a given temperature) of the substance to be carried or the hydraulic

pressure to be achieved during the tests shall be provided.
4.3.5 Test contents – using articles

Where the packaging and large packaging is intended for the transport of (an) article(s), a statement of

the packing group, an appropriate description and drawing(s) of the article(s) and or photographs and

details of the way in which dummy articles were filled for the purpose of testing shall be provided.

4.3.6 Closing instructions

Any special filling or closing instructions including, where relevant, the closure torque, or taping

patterns shall be provided.
4.3.7 Handling characteristics of IBCs and large packaging

Each IBC and large packaging design shall be accompanied by a statement of its mechanical handling

characteristics. This shall relate to bottom lift, top lift or both, as applicable, and number of identical

items to be stacked during transport.

4.4 Selection of contents and filling of packaging, IBCs and large packaging prior to

testing
4.4.1 General

Single packaging, IBCs, the inner packaging of combination packaging and large packaging shall be

filled for drop and stacking
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
01-julij-2021
Embalaža - Transportna embalaža za nevarno blago - Preskusne metode (ISO/DIS
16495:2021)
Packaging - Transport packaging for dangerous goods - Test methods (ISO/DIS
16495:2021)
Verpackung - Verpackungen zur Beförderung gefährlicher Güter - Prüfverfahren
(ISO/DIS 16495:2021)
Emballages - Emballages de transport pour marchandises dangereuses - Méthodes
d'essai (ISO/DIS 16495:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 16495
ICS:
13.300 Varstvo pred nevarnimi Protection against dangerous
izdelki goods
55.020 Pakiranje in distribucija blaga Packaging and distribution of
na splošno goods in general
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 16495
ISO/TC 122/SC 3 Secretariat: BSI
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2021-06-10 2021-09-02
Packaging — Transport packaging for dangerous goods —
Test methods

Emballages — Emballages de transport pour marchandises dangereuses — Méthodes d'essai

ICS: 13.300; 55.020
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Selection and preparation of packaging, IBCs and large packaging for testing ..................................2

5.1 Selection of packaging, IBCs and large packaging .................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Information to be provided with packaging, IBCs and large packaging ................................................ 3

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2.2 Test contents – Using water and non-dangerous substances ................................................... 3

5.2.3 Test contents – Using the dangerous substance ................................................................................... 3

5.2.4 Vapour pressure ............................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2.5 Test contents – Using articles ............................................................................................................................... 3

5.2.6 Closing instructions ........................................................................................................................................... ............ 3

5.2.7 Handling characteristics of IBCs and large packaging .................................................................... 3

5.3 Selection of contents and filling of packaging, IBCs and large packaging prior to testing .... 4

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3.2 Packaging, IBC, inner packaging of combination packaging and large

packaging to contain liquids .................................................................................................................................. 4

5.3.3 Rigid packaging, rigid IBCs, inner packaging of combination packaging

and large packaging to contain solids............................................................................................................ 5

5.3.4 Flexible packaging, flexible inner packaging and flexible IBCs to contain solids..... 5

5.3.5 Packaging/inner packaging designed to be used part full ........................................................... 5

5.4 Closing packaging, IBCs and large packaging ............................................................................................................... 5

5.4.1 Drums, jerricans, composites and inner packaging, IBCs ............................................................. 5

5.4.2 Bags ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.4.3 Other packaging ...................................................................... .......................................................................................... 6

5.5 Check of design type specification with requirements ........................................................................................ 6

5.6 Conformity check of test samples with design type specification .............................................................. 6

6 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

7 Facilities for testing ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.2 Accuracy of measurement equipment ................................................................................................................................ 7

7.3 Accuracy of measurements in testing ................................................................................................................................. 7

7.4 Climatic conditions .............................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.5 Reassessment when failure occurs ........................................................................................................................................ 8

Annex A (normative) Test report ............................................................................................................................................................................. 9

Annex B (normative) Packaging specifications ......................................................................................................................................11

Annex C (normative) IBC specifications .........................................................................................................................................................18

Annex D (normative) Large packaging specifications .....................................................................................................................22

Annex E (informative) Type of contents .........................................................................................................................................................25

Annex F (normative) Drop test ................................................................................................................................................................................26

Annex G (normative) Leakproofness test .....................................................................................................................................................29

Annex H (normative) Hydraulic pressure test.........................................................................................................................................31

Annex I (normative) Stacking test ........................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex J (normative) Water spray test ..............................................................................................................................................................37

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)

Annex K (normative) Bottom lift test ................................................................................................................................................................38

Annex L (normative) Top lift test ..........................................................................................................................................................................39

Annex M (normative) Tear test ................................................................................................................................................................................40

Annex N (normative) Topple test ..........................................................................................................................................................................41

Annex O (normative) Righting test ......................................................................................................................................................................42

Annex P (normative) Puncture test ....................................................................................................................................................................43

Annex Q (normative) Vibration test ...................................................................................................................................................................44

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................45

iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 122, Packaging, Subcommittee SC 3,

Performance requirements and tests for means of packaging, packages and unit loads (as required by

ISO/TC 122).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 16495:2013), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— changes to Table B.1, Table B.2, Table B.3, Table C.1, Table D.1, Table D.2 and Table D.3;

— additional requirements in Annex H "Hydraulic pressure test", H.2 "Preparation";

— deletion of Table H.1 — Water temperature adjustment factors for plastics packagings and plastics

IBCs, and
— editorial improvements.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
Introduction

This International Standard was developed to provide requirements and test procedures to meet the

multi-modal United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Model Regulations

referred to as "UN recommendations" throughout this International Standard, and successful passing

of the tests may lead to the allocation of an appropriate UN packaging mark. The UN Recommendations

have been developed by the United Nations Sub Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous

Goods as a ‘model regulation’ in the light of technical progress, the advent of new substances and

materials, the exigencies of modern transport systems and, above all, the need to ensure the safety

of people, property and the environment. Amongst other aspects, the UN Recommendations cover

principles of classification and definition of classes, listing of the principal dangerous goods, general

packing requirements, testing procedures, marking, labelling or placarding, and shipping documents.

There are in addition special recommendations related to particular classes of goods.

The UN Recommendations are given legal entity by the provisions of a series of international modal

agreements and national legislation for the transport of dangerous goods. The international agreements

include the following:

— The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)

[1]
(covering most of Europe).

— Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID) (covering most

[2]
of Europe, parts of North Africa and the Middle East).
[3]
— The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code) (worldwide).

— The International Civil Aviation Organization’s Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of

[4]
Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO TIs) (worldwide).

The application of this International Standard will need to take account the requirements of these

international agreements and the relevant national regulations for domestic transport of dangerous

goods.

It is important to note that there will be certain modal differences from the UN Recommendations and

that the schedule for revision of the Recommendations and modal provisions may lead to temporary

inconsistencies with this International Standard.

It is noted that success in the tests and the allocation of an official UN mark do not on their own

authorize the use of a packaging for any dangerous goods, which are subject to the packing instructions

published in the various modal regulations.
This International Standard is based on Revision 21 of the UN Recommendations.
vi © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
Packaging — Transport packaging for dangerous goods —
Test methods
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies the information needed for the design type testing of packaging,

Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) and large packaging intended for use in the transport of dangerous

goods.

NOTE 1 This International Standard can be used in conjunction with one or more of the international

regulations set out in the Bibliography.

NOTE 2 The term "packaging" includes packaging for Class 6.2 infectious substances according to the United

Nations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2206:1987, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Identification of parts when testing

ISO 2248:1985, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Vertical impact test by dropping

ISO 2875:2000, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Water-spray test

ISO/IEC 17025, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods — Model Regulations

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in the UN Recommendations,

Chapter 1.2.1, and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
brimful capacity

volume of water in litres held by the packaging, IBC, inner packaging of a combination packaging and/

or large packaging, when filled through the designed filling orifice to the point of overflowing in its

normal position of filling, and considered for testing purposes as maximum capacity

3.2
nominal capacity

capacity in litres which, by convention, is used to represent a class of packaging of a similar brimful

capacity
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
3.3
single packaging

means of packaging that does not require an inner packaging to be capable of performing its containment

function and it includes composite packaging
4 Test report

All packaging, IBCs and large packaging tested for conformity with the UN Recommendations shall be

the subject of a test report (in accordance with Annex A) which should include a specification check

prepared in accordance with Annex B, C or D. It shall be possible to specifically identify the packaging,

IBC and large packaging relative to each test report, either by the retention of uniquely referenced

packaging, IBCs and large packaging or by inclusion of sufficient photographs and/or drawings with

unique references to enable identification of the packaging, IBCs and large packaging and all its

components.
5 Selection and preparation of packaging, IBCs and large packaging for testing

For the selection and preparation of packaging, IBCs and large packaging for testing the type of contents,

(liquid, viscous or solid) is decisive.
NOTE Guidance on the determination of the type of contents given in Annex E.
5.1 Selection of packaging, IBCs and large packaging

Sufficient numbers of packaging, IBCs and large packaging per design type shall be selected for testing

and

a) shall be examined for damage which might invalidate the tests, in which event the packaging, IBCs

and large packaging shall be replaced,

b) shall be marked with a test reference which shall also be entered on the test record and later used

on the test report, and

c) the different parts of the packaging shall be identified in accordance with ISO 2206, and

d) shall be individually weighed to establish the tare or filled gross mass.

NOTE 1 The form of such weighing can vary according to whether the packaging, IBCs and large packaging

have been supplied full or empty to the test station. Where the masses of individual empty packaging, IBCs and

large packaging are recorded, it is necessary to record only a typical filled gross mass (or vice versa).

NOTE 2 Under some circumstances it can be desirable to have a range of packaging, IBCs and large packaging

tested.
Examples include
— in a number of different sizes but of the same construction,
— with variety of closures,
— for use with a range of solid contents.

In such situations selective testing procedure can be used to avoid testing of every possible permutation.

The competent authority can allow this procedure after consultation.
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
5.2 Information to be provided with packaging, IBCs and large packaging
5.2.1 General

Each packaging, IBCs and large packaging type shall be accompanied by a specification for that design

type containing the data set outlined in Annex B, C or D and by the following additional information

contained in 5.2.2 to 5.2.6 as appropriate.
5.2.2 Test contents – Using water and non-dangerous substances

Where the tests are to be carried out using water or other non-dangerous substances, a statement of the

packing group for which the packaging is to be tested shall be provided, together with data, enabling

appropriate selection of inert test contents. For liquids, such data shall include the required maximum

relative density for the tests together with data on, for instance, the internal pressure test required. For

solids, such data shall include mass, grain size and any other relevant characteristics, for example, bulk

density, angle of repose etc., to clearly show equivalence of physical characteristics.

5.2.3 Test contents – Using the dangerous substance

Where the tests are to be carried out using the dangerous substance(s) to be transported, a statement

of their packing group and their physical characteristics shall be provided. (See for example Safety

Data Sheet) Liquids shall be defined by their relative density together with viscosity and method of

determination. Solids shall be defined by their mass and grain size and any other relevant characteristic,

for example, bulk density, angle of repose etc. to ensure physical characteristics are sufficiently

identified and included. This data shall be recorded in the test report (see Annex A).

Where the tests are carried out using the actual substance to be transported then they shall be

applicable for other substances having the same or similar characteristics.
5.2.4 Vapour pressure

For liquids, the vapour pressure (at a given temperature) of the substance to be carried or the hydraulic

pressure to be achieved during the tests shall be provided.
5.2.5 Test contents – Using articles

Where the packaging and large packaging is intended for the transport of (an) article(s), a statement of

the packing group, an appropriate description and drawing(s) of the article(s) and or photographs and

details of the way in which dummy articles were filled for the purpose of testing shall be provided.

5.2.6 Closing instructions

Any special filling or closing instructions including, where relevant, the closure torque, or taping

patterns shall be provided.
5.2.7 Handling characteristics of IBCs and large packaging

Each IBC and large packaging design shall be accompanied by a statement of its mechanical handling

characteristics. This shall relate to bottom lift, top lift or both, as applicable, and number of identical

items to be stacked during transport.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)

5.3 Selection of contents and filling of packaging, IBCs and large packaging prior to

testing
5.3.1 General

Single packaging, IBCs, the inner packaging of combination packaging and large packaging shall be

filled for drop and stacking tests to not less than
— 98 % of brimful capacity for liquids, and
— 95 % of brimful capacity for solids.

NOTE There can be exceptions, some flexible packaging (see 5.3.4) and some packaging designed to be

transported part full (see 5.3.5).

Packaging, IBCs, the inner packaging of combination packaging and large packaging for liquids, or

those capable of containing liquids, shall have their capacity determined as in 5.3.3. Other packages the

capacity shall be determined by other suitable means e.g. by calculation.

5.3.2 Packaging, IBC, inner packaging of combination packaging and large packaging to

contain liquids
5.3.2.1 Determination of brimful capacity

The brimful capacity is determined for example by: weighing the empty packaging/IBC/inner

packaging including closures (mass empty (m) in kg) and weighing the packaging/IBC/inner packaging

full (mass brimful (W) in kg). The packaging/IBC/inner packaging shall be filled with water until the

water just overflows and then fitting the closure and any surplus mopped up. No steps shall be taken,

e.g. by tilting or tapping the packaging/IBC/inner packaging, to enable water to penetrate into a hollow

handle/lifting feature or other design feature above the closure.
The following formula expresses the brimful capacity:
W-m
b =
where
b is the brimful capacity in litres;

W is the mass in kilograms, of packaging/IBC/inner packaging when brimful with water;

m is the mass in kilograms, of the empty packaging/IBC/inner packaging;
d is the density of water (=1) in kg/l.
5.3.2.2 Filling of the packaging/IBC/inner packaging

When filling test samples of the above with liquids, at least one sample shall have its capacity and filling

level determined as below. Further samples of that design type shall be filled using a dipstick calibrated

on the first sample or by mass or volume. The calculation of required volume of liquids for testing shall

be:
b×98
100
where
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 16495:2021
ISO/DIS 16495:2021(E)
C is the required volume of water in litres;
b is the brimful capacity in litres.

5.3.3 Rigid packaging, rigid IBCs, inner packaging of combination packaging and large

packaging to contain solids

Where the packaging/IBC/inner packaging is capable of containing liquids the capacity shall be

determined as in 5.3.2.1.
The calculation of required mass of solids for testing shall be:
()bd× ×95
M =
100
where
M is the required mass in kilograms, of solids;
b is the brimful capacity either measured or calculated in litres;
d is the bulk density of the test contents in kg/l.

Alternatively, for cylindrical packaging/IBC/inner packaging the level of fill required to fill the

packaging/IBC/inner packaging to at least 95 % of its brimful capacity shall be calculated from its

internal height, taking into account any reduction in height caused by the fitting of the closure.

This procedure is not suitable for bag
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.