Aerosol containers - Aerosol foam flammability test

This European Standard  describes the method of  determining the flammability of an  aerosol product sprayed in the  form of a foam, mousse, gel or  paste. 2 Terms and definitions  For the purposes of this  document, the following terms  and definitions apply. 2.1 ignition  appearance of a stable flame  which is at least 4 cm high and  which is maintained for at least 2  s. 3 Principle Approximately 5 g  of foam, mousse gel or paste is  sprayed from the aerosol  container on to a watchglass. An  ignition source (candle, wax  taper, match or lighter) is placed  at the base of the watchglass  and any ignition and sustained  combustion of the foam, mousse,  gel or paste is observed. 4  Apparatus 4.1 Scale for  measuring height of flame,  graduated in centimetres. 4.2  Support and clamp for holding the  graduated scale in position. 4.3  Fire-resistant watchglass,  approximately 150 mm in  diameter. 4.4 Chronometer  (stopwatch), accurate to ˝ 0, 2 s.  4.5 Candle, wax taper, match or  lighter. 4.6 Calibrated laboratory  scales (balance), accurate to ˝ 0,  1 g. 4.7 Water bath, accurate to ˝  1 °C and maintained at 20 °C. 4.8  Thermometer, accurate to ˝ 1 °C.  4.9 Hygrometer, accurate to ˝ 5  %. 4.10 Pressure gauge,  accurate to ˝ 0, 1 bar. 5  Preparation of test apparatus 5.1  Place the watchglass on a fire- resistant surface within a  draught-free area that can be  ventilated after each test. 5.2  Position the graduated scale  exactly behind the watchglass so  that the origin of the scale is level  with the watchglass base in a  horizontal plane. 5.3 Restrain the  scale vertically in this position by  means of the support and clamp.  5.4 Condition a minimum of four  full aerosol dispensers per  product to 20 °C ˝ 1 °C by  immersing at least 95 % of the  dispenser in water at this  temperature for at least 30 min  before each test. 6 Test  conditions The tests shall be  carried out in a draught-free  environment capable of  ventilation, with the temperature  controlled at 20 °C ˝ 5 °C and  relative humidity in the range of  30 % to 80 %. 7 Test procedure  7.1 Prime each aerosol dispenser  by discharging for approximately  1 s. NOTE The purpose of this  action is to remove non- homogeneous material from the  diptube. 7.2 Record the  temperature and relative humidity  of the environment. 7.3 Determine  the internal pressure within the  aerosol dispenser at 20 °C ˝ 1 °C.  If the internal pressure indicates  that the dispenser is likely to be  faulty or incompletely filled it  shall not be used for the test. 7.4  Measure the discharge rate or  flow rate of the aerosol product to  be examined, so that the amount  of test product dispensed can be  more accurately gauged. 7.5  Determine the total mass of the  full aerosol dispenser. 7.6 On the  basis of the measured discharge  or flow rate, and following the  manufacturer's instructions,  release approximately 5 g of the  product onto the centre of the  clean watchglass with the aim of  producing a mound no higher  than 25 mm. Follow strictly the  manufacturer's instructions for  use, including whether the  dispenser is intended to be used  in the upright or inverted position.  When shaking is required, shake  immediately before testing. 7.7  Within 5 s of completion of  discharge, apply the source of  ignition to the edge of the sample  at its base and at the same time  start the chronometer  (stopwatch). If necessary, remove  the ignition source from the edge  of the sample after a few seconds  in order to clearly observe if  ignition has occurred.

Aerosolverpackungen - Prüfung der Brennbarkeit von Schaumprodukten

Diese Europäische Norm legt ein Verfahren zur Ermittlung der Brennbarkeit eines Aerosolproduktes, das in
Form von Schaum, Creme, Gel oder Paste ausgebracht wird fest.

Récipients pour aérosols - Essai d'inflammation des produits moussants en aérosols

La présente Norme européenne décrit une méthode permettant de déterminer l’inflammation d’un produit en générateur aérosol restitué sous la forme d’une mousse, d’un gel ou d’une pâte.

Embalaža za aerosole – Preskus vnetljivosti penastih aerosolov

If no  ignition of the sample is  apparent, reapply the ignition  source to the edge of the sample.  7.8 If ignition occurs, note the  following: maximum height of the  flame in centimetres above the  base of the watchglass; flame  duration in seconds. 7.9 Dry and  re-weigh the aerosol dispenser  and calculate the mass of the  released product. 7.10 Ventilate  the test area immediately after  each test. 7.11 If ignition does  not occur and the released  product remains in the form of a  foam, paste, mousse or gel  throughout the test, repeat steps  7.7 to 7.10. Allow the product to  stand for 30 s, 1 min, 2 min and  4 min before applying the ignition  source. 7.12 Repeat 7.5 to 7.11  twice more (a total of three) for  the same can. 7.13 Repeat 7.5 to  7.12 for another two aerosol cans  (three cans in total) of the same  product. 8 Test report The test  report shall include the following  information: a) whether the  product ignites; b) maximum  flame height in centimetres; c)  duration of flame in seconds; d)  mass of the product tested.

General Information

Publication Date
Withdrawal Date
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
Due Date
Completion Date

Buy Standard

EN 14851:2006
English language
5 pages
sale 10% off
sale 10% off
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (Sample)

SIST EN 14851:2006
Embalaža za aerosole – Preskus vnetljivosti penastih aerosolov
Aerosol containers - Aerosol foam flammability test
Aerosolverpackungen - Prüfung der Brennbarkeit von Schaumprodukten
Récipients pour aérosols - Essai d'inflammation des produits moussants en aérosols
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 14851:2005
13.220.40 Sposobnost vžiga in Ignitability and burning
obnašanje materialov in behaviour of materials and
proizvodov pri gorenju products
55.130 3ORþHYLQNH]DDHURVROH Aerosol containers
SIST EN 14851:2006 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------

SIST EN 14851:2006

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------

SIST EN 14851:2006
EN 14851
November 2005
ICS 13.220.40; 55.130

English Version
Aerosol containers - Aerosol foam flammability test
Récipients pour aérosols - Essai d'infmammation des Aerosolpackungen - Prüfung der Brennbarkeit von
produits moussants en aérosols Schaumprodukten
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 October 2005.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36  B-1050 Brussels
© 2005 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 14851:2005: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------

SIST EN 14851:2006
EN 14851:2005 (E)
1 Scope .4
2 Terms and definitions.4
3 Principle.4
4 Apparatus .4
5 Preparation of test apparatus .4
6 Test conditions .5
7 Test procedure .5
8 Test report .5


---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------

SIST EN 14851:2006
EN 14851:2005 (E)
This document (EN 14851:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 261 “Packaging”, the
secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or
by endorsement, at the latest by May 2006, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by
May 2006.
This draft European Standard is one of a series of thirteen related standards with the following titles:
EN 14847, Aerosol containers — Tinplate containers — Dimensions of the 25,4 mm aperture.
EN 14848, Aerosol containers — Metal containers with 25,4 mm aperture — Dimensions of valve cups.
EN 14849, Aerosol containers — Glass containers — Dimensions of aerosol valve ferrules.
EN 14850, Aerosol containers — Metal containers with 25,4 mm aperture — Measurement of contact height.
EN 14851, Aerosol containers — Aerosol foam flammability test.
EN 14852, Aerosol containers — Determination of the ignition distance of the spray jet.
EN 14853, Aerosol containers — Enclosed space ignition test.
EN 14854, Aerosol containers — Glass containers — Dimensions of the neck finish.
prEN 15006, Metal aerosol containers — Aluminium containers — Dimensions of the 25,4 mm (one inch) aperture.
prEN 15007, Metal aerosol containers — Tinplate containers — Dimensions of three-piece cans.
prEN 15008, Metal aerosol containers —Dimensions of 1-piece aluminium can with

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.