Industrial-process measurement, control and automation - Life-cycle-management for systems and components (IEC 62890:2020)

This International Standard establishes basic principles for Life-Cycle-Management of systems
and components used for industrial-process measurement, control and automation. These
principles are applicable to various industrial sectors. This standard provides definitions and
reference models related to the life-cycle of a product type and the life time of a product instance,
It defines a consistent set of generic reference models and terms. The key models defined are:
– Life-Cycle-Model;
– structure model;
– compatibility model.
This document also describes the application of these models for Life-Cycle-Management
strategies. The content is used for technical aspects concerning the design, planning,
development and maintenance of automation systems and components and the operation of
the plant.
The definitions of generic models and terms regarding Life-Cycle-Management are
indispensable for a common understanding and application by all partners in the value chain
such as plant user, product and system producer, service provider, and component supplier.
The models and strategies described in this standard are also applicable for related
management systems, i.e. MES and ERP.

Industrielle Leittechnik - Life-cycle-Management von Systemen und Komponenten (IEC 62890:2020)

Mesure, commande et automation dans les processus industriels - Gestion du cycle de vie des systèmes et produits (IEC 62890:2020)

Meritev, nadzor in avtomatizacija merilnega procesa - Upravljanje življenjskega ciklusa za sisteme in sestavne dele (IEC 62890:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Nov-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
17-Sep-2020
Due Date
22-Nov-2020
Completion Date
06-Nov-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
01-december-2020
Meritev, nadzor in avtomatizacija merilnega procesa - Upravljanje življenjskega
ciklusa za sisteme in sestavne dele (IEC 62890:2020)

Industrial-process measurement, control and automation - Life-cycle-management for

systems and components (IEC 62890:2020)

Industrielle Leittechnik - Life-cycle-Management von Systemen und Komponenten (IEC

62890:2020)

Mesure, commande et automation dans les processus industriels - Gestion du cycle de

vie des systèmes et produits (IEC 62890:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 62890:2020
ICS:
13.020.60 Življenjski ciklusi izdelkov Product life-cycles
25.040.40 Merjenje in krmiljenje Industrial process
industrijskih postopkov measurement and control
SIST EN IEC 62890:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 62890
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2020
ICS 25.040.40
English Version
Industrial-process measurement, control and automation - Life-
cycle-management for systems and components
(IEC 62890:2020)

Mesure, commande et automation dans les processus Industrielle Leittechnik - Life-cycle-Management von

industriels - Gestion du cycle de vie des systèmes et Systemen und Komponenten
produits (IEC 62890:2020)
(IEC 62890:2020)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2020-08-26. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 62890:2020 E
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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
EN IEC 62890:2020 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 65/805/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 62890, prepared by IEC/TC 65 "Industrial-

process measurement, control and automation" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and

approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 62890:2020.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2021-05-26

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2023-08-26

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62890:2020 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 61804-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61804-2
IEC 61804-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61804-3
IEC 61987 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61987 (series)
IEC 61987-10 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61987-10
IEC 62402:2019 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 62402:2019 (not modified)
IEC 62264-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62264-1
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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
IEC 62890
Edition 1.0 2020-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Industrial-process measurement, control and automation – Life-cycle-
management for systems and components
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 25.040.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-8683-8

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
– 2 – IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ............................................................................... 7

3.1 Terms and definitions.............................................................................................. 7

3.2 Abbreviated terms and acronyms .......................................................................... 12

4 Generic models for Life-Cycle-Management .................................................................. 13

4.1 Product type and product instance ........................................................................ 13

4.2 Life-Cycle-Model ................................................................................................... 14

4.3 Structure model .................................................................................................... 16

4.4 Compatibility model .............................................................................................. 19

5 Strategies for Life-Cycle-Management ........................................................................... 23

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 23

5.2 Last-time buy ........................................................................................................ 25

5.3 Substitution ........................................................................................................... 26

5.4 Re-design ............................................................................................................. 27

5.5 Migration............................................................................................................... 28

5.6 Comparison of the strategies ................................................................................ 30

5.7 Application of Life-Cycle-Management strategies for service ................................. 31

5.7.1 Service regarding Life-Cycle-Management ..................................................... 31

5.7.2 Service levels ................................................................................................ 31

5.7.3 Standard service ........................................................................................... 31

5.7.4 Service through special agreement ................................................................ 31

6 Life-Cycle-Management ................................................................................................. 32

6.1 Proactive Life-Cycle-Management ......................................................................... 32

6.2 Life-Cycle-Excellence ........................................................................................... 33

Annex A (informative) The current status of life-cycle aspects ............................................. 35

Annex B (informative) Requirements, influencing factors, industry-specifics ........................ 38

B.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 38

B.2 Consideration of industry-specific requirements .................................................... 40

B.3 Requirements of the energy industry ..................................................................... 48

B.3.1 General industry characteristics ..................................................................... 48

B.3.2 Life-cycle related requirements ...................................................................... 49

B.3.3 Industry-specific economic aspects................................................................ 49

B.3.4 Anticipated industry trends ............................................................................ 50

B.4 Industry-neutral aspects ........................................................................................ 50

B.4.1 Overview ....................................................................................................... 50

B.4.2 Examples of external technical influences...................................................... 51

B.4.3 Examples of the influence of standardization and legislation .......................... 51

B.4.4 Examples of socio-economic influences ......................................................... 51

B.5 Summary .............................................................................................................. 52

Annex C (informative) Life-cycle considerations for selected examples ................................ 55

C.1 Component life-cycles ........................................................................................... 55

C.2 Microprocessors ................................................................................................... 55

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IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020 – 3 –

C.3 Field device integration ......................................................................................... 56

C.4 Standards and regulations .................................................................................... 57

Annex D (informative) Example for the application of the Life-Cycle-Management

strategies .............................................................................................................................. 59

Annex E (informative) Plant user strategies ......................................................................... 62

Annex F (informative) UML diagram semantics .................................................................... 64

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 66

Figure 1 – Relationship of product type and its product instance(s) ....................................... 13

Figure 2 – Generic Life-Cycle-Model of a product type .......................................................... 14

Figure 3 – Evolution of products (type with version and revision) .......................................... 15

Figure 4 – Maintenance of products (type with version and revision) ..................................... 15

Figure 5 – Life time of a product instance ............................................................................. 16

Figure 6 – UML diagram of a hierarchical system structure ................................................... 17

Figure 7 – Hierarchical system structure (example) ............................................................... 17

Figure 8 – Example for Life-Cycle-Management of a system (type) by integrating

components (types) .............................................................................................................. 18

Figure 9 – Example of integrating components into a system ................................................ 19

Figure 10 – Example of mapping of compatibility requirements to the level of

compatibility ......................................................................................................................... 22

Figure 11 – Example of a compatibility assessment of a product ........................................... 23

Figure 12 – Relationships between the partners in the value chain ....................................... 23

Figure 13 – Ensuring delivery of a system through last-time buy of a component .................. 25

Figure 14 – Ensuring delivery of a system through substitution of a component .................... 26

Figure 15 – Re-design of a system due to end of production of a component ........................ 28

Figure 16 – Level model for migration steps .......................................................................... 29

Figure 17 – Typical characteristics of the Life-Cycle-Management strategies ........................ 30

Figure 18 – Life-Cycle-Excellence ......................................................................................... 34

Figure A.1 – Typical structure of an instrumentation and control system with functional

levels according to IEC 62264-1 ........................................................................................... 35

Figure A.2 – Example of the effects of component failure ...................................................... 36

Figure A.3 – Life-cycles of plants and their components........................................................ 37

Figure A.4 – The iceberg effect ............................................................................................. 37

Figure B.1 – Trade-off between procurement costs (initial investments) and costs for

operating and maintenance ................................................................................................... 39

Figure B.2 – Typical ranges of variables which influence the life-cycle .................................. 53

Figure C.1 – Examples of component life-cycles ................................................................... 55

Figure D.1 – Compatibility assessment of replacement devices ............................................ 59

Figure D.2 – Replacement of the defective device with a new device .................................... 61

Figure F.1 – Semantics of UML elements used in this document ........................................... 64

Table B.1 – Overview of industry-specific requirements ........................................................ 42

Table B.2 – Overview of industry-specific requirements ........................................................ 45

Table E.1 – Fundamental characteristics of plant users ........................................................ 63

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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
– 4 – IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
INDUSTRIAL-PROCESS MEASUREMENT, CONTROL AND AUTOMATION –
LIFE-CYCLE-MANAGEMENT FOR SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international

co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and

in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports,

Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as "IEC Publication(s)"). Their

preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with

may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising

with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for

Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between

any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent

rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62890 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 65: Industrial-

process measurement, control and automation.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
65/805/FDIS 65/820/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in the

report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020 – 5 –

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct understanding

of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a colour printer.

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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
– 6 – IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020
INTRODUCTION

In today's automation applications, an increasing divergence of the life-cycles of components,

devices and systems in comparison to the life time of overall plants is evident. The increasing

functionality of components, the advancing development of electronics and the innovation

dynamics inherent to hardware and software are continuously shortening the life-cycle of

individual automation components. Certain semiconductor components are only manufactured

for a short period of time, for example, and subsequently abandoned.

By comparison, the time in use of automation systems is considerably longer. Moreover, there

are considerable differences depending on the industry sector. The time in use of a production

line in the automobile industry is usually identical with the period of time in which a new model

is manufactured which is around 7 to 8 years today. By comparison, the operational life of a

process plant in the chemical industry is typically some 15 years, while up to 50 years may be

reached in the case of oil and energy, and power plants. The plant and product life-cycles have

to be considered by the management for the overall plant functionality and economic

considerations.

Increased utilization and integration of plant process data from automation systems towards

enterprise and asset management systems has caused technology dependencies between

hierarchy layers of automation systems. A more uniform way of dealing with Life-Cycle

Management between these layers and all partners in the value chain is essential with respect

to plant regularity, operability and security aspects.

Consequently, this necessitates different strategies to maintain the availability of the plant by.

sophisticated maintenance strategies. As a result, considerable demands are made on the

delivery capacity of automation products and spare parts, as well as the provision of services,

such as maintenance and repairs. For example, when the planning of a new plant envisages

the usage of a newer version of an engineering system, the producer has to ensure that this

newer version can also be employed for older components and systems already in use in the

existing plant and may have to develop upgrades accordingly. To an increasing extent, this

calls for close cooperation between the partners along the value chain.

The presented situation illustrates that mastering these conflicting characteristics of Life-Cycle-

Management will become increasingly significant in automation, not least in the ongoing

discussions between plant users and manufacturers as well as manufacturers and suppliers.

The interaction between global, legal and technical aspects – including demands for high

functionality and efficiency, as well as the influence of IT technologies in automation – helps to

demonstrate the scope of this topic.

This International Standard has been prepared in response to this situation. It is comprised of

basic, complementary and consistent models and strategies for Life-Cycle-Management in

automation. These generic models and strategies are then applied to various examples.

Consequently, this document represents a consistent general approach, which is applicable to

automation in various industrial sectors. The economic significance of Life-Cycle-Management

is a recurring theme of this document. The definitions of generic models, terms, processes and

strategies form an indispensable foundation for a joint understanding between plant users and

manufacturers and between manufacturers and suppliers regarding Life-Cycle-Management.

Proactive Life-Cycle-Management focuses on the selection of robust components,

specifications, and technologies that consequently have long-term stability. The proactive

approach includes the application of this set of generic reference models in the development of

standards in order to be able to efficiently ensure sustainable interoperability and compatibility.

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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020 – 7 –
INDUSTRIAL-PROCESS MEASUREMENT, CONTROL AND AUTOMATION –
LIFE-CYCLE-MANAGEMENT FOR SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS
1 Scope

This International Standard establishes basic principles for Life-Cycle-Management of systems

and components used for industrial-process measurement, control and automation. These

principles are applicable to various industrial sectors. This standard provides definitions and

reference models related to the life-cycle of a product type and the life time of a product instance,

It defines a consistent set of generic reference models and terms. The key models defined are:

– Life-Cycle-Model;
– structure model;
– compatibility model.

This document also describes the application of these models for Life-Cycle-Management

strategies. The content is used for technical aspects concerning the design, planning,

development and maintenance of automation systems and components and the operation of

the plant.
The definitions of generic models and terms regarding Life-Cycle-Management are

indispensable for a common understanding and application by all partners in the value chain

such as plant user, product and system producer, service provider, and component supplier.

The models and strategies described in this standard are also applicable for related

management systems, i.e. MES and ERP.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1.1
after-sales support phase

phase in the life-cycle of a product type which begins at the end of the selling phase and ends

with product abandonment
3.1.2
backward compatibility
downward compatibility

fulfilment by a new component of all the specified requirements of the compatibility profile of its

predecessor

Note 1 to entry: Antonyms are forward compatibility and upward compatibility, respectively.

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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
– 8 – IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020
3.1.3
capability profile
compatibility profile that represents characteristics of a product type
3.1.4
compatibility
ability of a component to fulfill the compatibility profile of another component
3.1.5
compatibility assessment
verification of an agreed compatibility level
3.1.6
compatibility profile

list of all compatibility requirements of a system, or a component of a system, depending upon

the application
3.1.7
component
autonomous element of a system, which fulfills a defined sub-function
3.1.8
construction compatibility

fulfilment of the constructional aspects of a compatibility profile by a component

Note 1 to entry: Related requirements are physical dimensions, construction properties, connection method

(including e.g. power supply) and the location with respect to environmental conditions.

3.1.9
data compatibility

fulfilment of the functional aspects related to data type and format of a compatibility profile by

a component
3.1.10
delivery release

end of the manufacturing preparation process after which series production can begin

Note 1 to entry: The manufacturing preparation process is part of the development phase.

3.1.11
development phase

phase of the product life-cycle which begins with the decision to develop a product type and

ends with delivery release of the product type
3.1.12
disposal

removal of a product instance following the time in use and disposal or recycling

Note 1 to entry: This is the final phase of the life-cycle of a product instance
3.1.13
end of sales
end of all active sales activities for a product
Note 1 to entry: This is also called discontinuation of a product.
3.1.14
end of service
end of all service activities for a product type
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SIST EN IEC 62890:2020
IEC 62890:2020 © IEC 2020 – 9 –
3.1.15
end of production
point of time when instances of a product type are no longer produced
3.1.16
full compatibility
fulfilment of all aspects of a compatibility profile by a component

Note 1 to entry: The aspects are function, construction, location and performance.

3.1.17
function compatibility
fulfilment of the functional aspects of a compatibility profile by a component
3.1.18
instance
concrete, clearly identifiable component of a certain type

Note 1 to entry: It becomes an individual entity of a type, for example a device, by defining specific property values.

Note 2 to entry: In an object-oriented view, an instance denotes an object of a class (of a type).

3.1.19
last-time buy

Life-Cycle-Management strategy in which instances of an abandoned product type are

purchased before end of sales
3.1.20
level of compatibility
fulfillment of the requirements described in the compatibility profile
3.1.21
life time

length of time from the end of the creation of a product instance to the end of disposal

3.1.22
life-cycle

length of time from the start of the development phase of a product type to the product

abandonment
3.1.23
Life-Cycle-Costs

sum of all instance costs for plant user incurred after purchase up to the end of the life tim

...

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