Petroleum and natural gas industries - Arctic operations - Escape, evacuation and rescue from offshore installations (ISO 35102:2020)

This document establishes the principles, specifies the requirements and provides guidance for the development and implementation of an escape, evacuation and rescue (EER) plan. It is applicable to offshore installation design, construction, transportation, installation, offshore production/exploration drilling operation service life inspection/repair, decommissioning and removal activities related to petroleum and natural gas industries in the arctic and cold regions.
Reference to arctic and cold regions in this document is deemed to include both the Arctic and other locations characterized by low ambient temperatures and the presence or possibility of sea ice, icebergs, icing conditions, persistent snow cover and/or permafrost.
This document contains requirements for the design, operation, maintenance, and service-life inspection or repair of new installations and structures, and to modification of existing installations for operation in the offshore Arctic and cold regions, where ice can be present for at least a portion of the year. This includes offshore exploration, production and accommodation units utilized for such activities. To a limited extent, this document also addresses the vessels that support ER, if part of the overall EER plan.
While this document does not apply specifically to mobile offshore drilling units (MODUs, see ISO 19905‑1) many of the EER provisions contained herein are applicable to the assessment of such units in situations when the MODU is operated in arctic and cold regions.
The provisions of this document are intended to be used by stakeholders including designers, operators and duty holders. In some cases, floating platforms (as a type of offshore installations) can be classified as vessels (ships) by national law and the EER for these units are stipulated by international maritime law. However, many of the EER provisions contained in this document are applicable to such floating platforms.
This document applies to mechanical, process and electrical equipment or any specialized process equipment associated with offshore arctic and cold region operations that impacts the performance of the EER system. This includes periodic training and drills, EER system maintenance and precautionary down-manning as well as emergency situations.
EER associated with onshore arctic oil and gas facilities are not addressed in this document, except where relevant to an offshore development.

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Arktisbetrieb - Flucht, Evakuierung und Rettung von Offshore-Anlagen (ISO 35102:2020)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Opérations en Arctique - Fuite, évacuation et sauvetage depuis les installations en mer (ISO 35102:2020)

Le présent document établit les principes, spécifie les exigences et fournit des recommandations pour l'élaboration et la mise en œuvre d'un plan de fuite, évacuation et sauvetage (EER). Il s'applique aux différentes activités d'une installation en mer liées aux industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel dans les régions arctiques et froides, incluant la conception, la construction, le transport et l'installation, la production/exploration, l'inspection/réparation durant la durée de vie de l'installation, ainsi que les activités de mise hors service et de démantèlement.
Les références aux régions froides et arctiques incluses dans le présent document renvoient à la fois à l'Arctique et à d'autres sites de production caractérisés par de faibles températures ambiantes et par la présence potentielle ou avérée de glace de mer, d'icebergs, de régimes de glace, de couverture neigeuse persistante et/ou de pergélisol.
Le présent document contient des exigences applicables à la conception, à l'exploitation, à la maintenance et à l'inspection ou à la réparation pendant la durée de vie en service de nouvelles installations et structures, ainsi qu'à la modification d'installations existantes pour une exploitation en mer dans les régions arctiques et froides où de la glace peut être présente pendant au moins une partie de l'année. Cela comprend les unités d'exploration, de production et d'hébergement en mer utilisées pour ces activités. De manière limitée, le présent document traite également des navires qui contribuent à l'évacuation et au sauvetage, si cela fait partie du plan d'EER global.
Bien que le présent document ne s'applique pas spécifiquement aux installations de forage mobiles en mer (MODU, voir l'ISO 19905‑1), nombre des dispositions relatives à l'EER contenues dans les présentes sont applicables à l'évaluation de ces unités dans les situations où les MODU sont exploitées dans des régions arctiques et froides.
Les dispositions du présent document sont destinées à être utilisées par les parties prenantes, y compris les concepteurs, les exploitants et les responsables. Dans certains cas, la législation nationale peut classer les plates-formes flottantes (en tant que types d'installations en mer) dans la catégorie des navires, auquel cas les exigences d'EER applicables à ces structures sont stipulées par la législation maritime internationale. Une grande partie des dispositions relatives à l'EER contenues dans le présent document s'appliquent cependant à ces plates-formes flottantes.
Le présent document s'applique aux équipements mécaniques, de traitement et électriques ou à tout équipement de traitement spécialisé associé aux opérations en mer dans des régions arctiques et froides qui ont une incidence sur la performance du système EER. Cela comprend les exercices et formations périodiques, la maintenance du système d'EER et la réduction préventive des effectifs ainsi que les situations d'urgence.
L'EER associé aux installations pétrolières et gazières terrestres en Arctique n'est pas couvert par le présent document, sauf lorsqu'il est comparable à une installation en mer.

Industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Obratovanje v arktičnem okolju - Pobeg, evakuacija in reševanje iz objektov na morju (ISO 35102:2020)

Ta dokument določa načela in zahteve ter zagotavlja smernice za razvoj in izvajanje načrta za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje (EER). Uporablja se za načrtovanje inštalacij na morju, gradnjo, transport, namestitev, operacije proizvodnje/raziskovalnega vrtanja na morju, pregled življenjske dobe/popravila, razgradnjo in odstranjevanje v povezavi z industrijo nafte ter zemeljskega plina na arktičnih in hladnih območjih.
Sklic na arktična in hladna območja v tem dokumentu vključuje Arktiko in druge lokacije, katerih značilnost so nizke temperature okolice ter prisotnost ali možnost nastanka ledu, ledenih gora, zaledenitve, trajne snežne odeje in/ali permafrosta.
Ta dokument vsebuje zahteve za načrtovanje, delovanje, vzdrževanje in pregled življenjske dobe ali popravila novih inštalacij in struktur ter za spreminjanje obstoječih naprav za delovanje na morju v arktičnih in hladnih okoljih, kjer je led lahko prisoten vsaj en del leta. To vključuje enote za raziskovanje na morju, proizvodnjo in nastanitvene enote, ki se uporabljajo za takšne dejavnosti. V omejenem obsegu ta dokument obravnava tudi plovila, ki podpirajo načrte za pobeg in evakuacijo, če so del celotnega načrta za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje.
Čeprav se ta dokument ne uporablja posebej za mobilne vrtalne enote na morju (MODU, glej ISO 19905 1), se številne določbe načrta za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje, ki jih vsebuje standard, uporabljajo za ocenjevanje takšnih enot v primerih, ko MODU deluje v arktičnem in hladnem okolju.
Določila tega dokumenta naj bi uporabljale zainteresirane strani, vključno s projektanti, upravljavci in nosilci dolžnosti. V nekaterih primerih je mogoče plavajoče ploščadi (kot vrsto naprav na morju) po nacionalnem pravu razvrstiti kot plovila (ladje), sistem za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje za te enote pa določa mednarodno pomorsko pravo. Vendar pa se številne določbe načrta za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje, vsebovane v tem dokumentu, uporabljajo za take plavajoče ploščadi.
Ta dokument se uporablja za mehansko, procesno in električno opremo ali katero koli specializirano procesno opremo, povezano z operacijami na morju v arktičnem in hladnem okolju, ki vpliva na delovanje sistema za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje. To vključuje redno usposabljanje in vaje, vzdrževanje sistema za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje ter previdnostno zmanjševanje števila osebja in izredne razmere.
Sistemi za pobeg, evakuacijo in reševanje, povezani s kopenskimi arktičnimi naftnimi in plinskimi objekti, v tem dokumentu niso obravnavani, razen če je to pomembno za razvoj na morju.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Oct-2021
Publication Date
23-Jan-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
22-Dec-2021
Due Date
26-Feb-2022
Completion Date
24-Jan-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
01-marec-2022

Industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Obratovanje v arktičnem okolju

- Pobeg, evakuacija in reševanje iz objektov na morju (ISO 35102:2020)

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Arctic operations - Escape, evacuation and

rescue from offshore installations (ISO 35102:2020)
Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Arktisbetrieb - Flucht, Evakuierung und Rettung von
Offshore-Anlagen (ISO 35102:2020)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Opérations en Arctique - Fuite, évacuation et

sauvetage depuis les installations en mer (ISO 35102:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 35102:2021
ICS:
75.180.10 Oprema za raziskovanje, Exploratory, drilling and
vrtanje in odkopavanje extraction equipment
SIST EN ISO 35102:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
EN ISO 35102
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 75.020
English Version
Petroleum and natural gas industries - Arctic operations -
Escape, evacuation and rescue from offshore installations
(ISO 35102:2020)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Opérations en Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Arktisbetrieb - Flucht,

Arctique - Fuite, évacuation et sauvetage depuis les Evakuierung und Rettung von Offshore-Anlagen (ISO

installations en mer (ISO 35102:2020) 35102:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 December 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 35102:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
EN ISO 35102:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
EN ISO 35102:2021 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 35102:2020 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67 "Materials,

equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 35102:2021 by

Technical Committee CEN/TC 12 “Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum,

petrochemical and natural gas industries” the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 35102:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 35102:2021 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 35102
First edition
2020-03
Petroleum and natural gas
industries — Arctic operations —
Escape, evacuation and rescue from
offshore installations
Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel — Opérations en Arctique —
Échappement, évacuation et sauvetage depuis les installations en mer
Reference number
ISO 35102:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
ISO 35102:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
ISO 35102:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

5 General requirements and conditions for EER systems .............................................................................................. 9

5.1 Fundamental requirements ......................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Methods — Design ............................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.2 Structural configuration — Design ...............................................................................................................11

5.3 Methods — Operations .................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.2 Structural configuration — Operations ....................................................................................................12

6 Escape, evacuation and rescue strategy ....................................................................................................................................13

6.1 General EER strategy ......................................................................................................................................................................13

6.2 Human and hardware performance in EER ................................................................................................................13

7 Physical environment ...................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.1 General physical environment ................................................................................................................................................13

7.2 Physical environmental conditions — Design ..........................................................................................................14

7.3 Physical environmental conditions — Operations ...............................................................................................14

8 Escape, evacuation and rescue hazard identification and risk analysis — Design and

operations ................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.2 General HAZID and risk analysis ..........................................................................................................................................15

8.3 EER HAZID ...............................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.4 EER risk analysis ................................................................................................................................................................................16

9 Continuous assessment ..............................................................................................................................................................................16

9.1 Continuous assessment — Design ......................................................................................................................................16

9.2 Continuous assessment — Operations ...........................................................................................................................16

10 Escape, evacuation and rescue system capabilities ......................................................................................................17

10.1 EER system capabilities — Design ......................................................................................................................................17

10.2 EER system capabilities — Operations ...........................................................................................................................18

11 Emergency response organization .................................................................................................................................................19

11.1 ERO — Design .......................................................................................................................................................................................19

11.2 ERO — Operations ............................................................................................................................................................................19

12 Competency assurance ................................................................................................................................................................................19

12.1 Competency assurance — Design .......................................................................................................................................19

12.2 Competency assurance — Operations .............................................................................................................................20

13 Communications and alarms ................................................................................................................................................................21

13.1 Communications and alarms — Design .........................................................................................................................21

13.2 Communications and alarms — Operations ..............................................................................................................22

14 Personal protective equipment (PPE) .........................................................................................................................................22

14.1 PPE — Design ........................................................................................................................................................................................22

14.2 PPE — Operations .............................................................................................................................................................................23

15 Man overboard recovery ...........................................................................................................................................................................23

15.1 MOB recovery — Design ..............................................................................................................................................................23

15.2 MOB recovery — Operations ...................................................................................................................................................23

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
ISO 35102:2020(E)

16 Escape ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................24

16.1 Escape — Design ................................................................................................................................................................................24

16.1.1 General escape — Design ......................................................................................................................................24

16.1.2 Escape routes — Design .........................................................................................................................................24

16.1.3 TR — Design .....................................................................................................................................................................25

16.1.4 MS — Design ....................................................................................................................................................................26

16.2 Escape operations .............................................................................................................................................................................27

16.2.1 General escape — Operations ...........................................................................................................................27

16.2.2 Escape routes — Operations ..............................................................................................................................27

16.2.3 TR — Operations ..........................................................................................................................................................28

16.2.4 MS — Operations ..........................................................................................................................................................28

17 Evacuation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................29

17.1 Evacuation — Design ......................................................................................................................................................................29

17.1.1 General evacuation — Design ............................................................................................................................29

17.1.2 Evacuation method — Design ...........................................................................................................................29

17.2 Evacuation — Operations ...........................................................................................................................................................31

17.2.1 General evacuation — Operations .................................................................................................................31

17.2.2 Evacuation method — Operations ................................................................................................................31

18 Rescue ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................32

18.1 Rescue — Design ................................................................................................................................................................................32

18.2 Rescue — Operations .....................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (informative) Additional information and guidance ................................................................................................34

Annex B (informative) Examples of Arctic EER risk analysis and operational EER systems ...................70

Bibliography .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................103

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
ISO 35102:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore

structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 8, Arctic operations.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
ISO 35102:2020(E)
Introduction

The International Standards on arctic operations (ISO 35101, ISO 35102, ISO 35103, ISO 35104,

ISO/TS 35105 and ISO 35106) address design and operational requirements and provide guidance

on their use by the petroleum and natural gas industries in offshore arctic and cold regions. These

documents promote internationally agreed approaches for oil and gas operations in arctic and cold

region offshore environments. They were developed in response to the offshore oil and gas industry's

demand for a coherent and consistent definition of methodologies to design, analyze, assess and

operate arctic and cold region offshore structures. Through their proper application, the intention is to

help ensure the safety of life and to minimize damage to the arctic environment. These documents are

intended to provide wide latitude in the selection of design and operational solutions without hindering

innovation. Even so, sound engineering judgement is expected in the application of these documents.

Personnel working in petroleum and natural gas industries in the arctic offshore face a number of risks

from the physical and work environments. These include prolonged periods of darkness (in the winter)

and light (in the summer), remoteness, cold ambient air temperatures, wind chill, dense fog, cold

water temperatures, sea ice in varying concentrations and thickness and potentially, icebergs. These

environmental factors can affect worker safety, should the installation’s integrity be compromised.

Additionally, these harsh environmental factors can have a negative impact on equipment.

The escape, evacuation and rescue (EER) system facilitates the successful escape from an incident,

subsequent precautionary or emergency evacuation from the installation, and the ultimate rescue of

installation personnel. The EER provisions are the compensating measures mitigating risks which

facilitate the safety of personnel working in arctic and cold region offshore environments.

This document specifies requirements and recommendations applicable to design and operational

aspects of EER from oil and gas installations deployed in arctic and cold region offshore environments.

Through their application, the intention is to achieve reliability levels appropriate for manned and

normally unmanned offshore installations, regardless of the type of structure/facility and the nature

or combination of the materials used and the severity of the environment to which the installation is

subjected.

The EER provisions are largely performance-based stipulations which include verifiable attributes

or benchmarks that provide qualitative levels or quantitative measures of performance. The key

characteristic of a performance-based standard is that it is focused on what needs to be achieved rather

than on how it should be done. One of the performance targets is that use of the EER minimizes the

possibility of casualties in the process. The performance target is developed in the context of a design

HSE case.

The main body of this document considers the overall EER system design and operational aspects.

Annex A provides EER system design and operational background information and guidance intended

to assist the user of this document in understanding the requirements and how they can be met. The

clause numbering in Annex A is the same as in the main body text to facilitate cross-referencing.

Annex B provides a risk analysis example and information pertaining to operational EER systems.

In this document, the following verbal forms are used:
— “shall” indicates a requirement;
— “should” indicates a recommendation;
— “may” indicates a permission;
— “can” indicates a possibility or a capability.

Users of this document are expected to be familiar with ISO 15544, ISO 17776 and ISO 31000.

vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 35102:2022
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 35102:2020(E)
Petroleum and natural gas industries — Arctic operations
— Escape, evacuation and rescue from offshore
installations
1 Scope

This document establishes the principles, specifies the requirements and provides guidance for the

development and implementation of an escape, evacuation and rescue (EER) plan. It is applicable to

offshore installation design, construction, transportation, installation, offshore production/exploration

drilling operation service life inspection/repair, decommissioning and removal activities related to

petroleum and natural gas industries in the arctic and cold regions.

Reference to arctic and cold regions in this document is deemed to include both the Arctic and other

locations characterized by low ambient temperatures and the presence or possibility of sea ice, icebergs,

icing conditions, persistent snow cover and/or permafrost.

This document contains requirements for the design, operation, maintenance, and service-life

inspection or repair of new installations and structures, and to modification of existing installations

for operation in the offshore Arctic and cold regions, where ice can be present for at least a portion

of the year. This includes offshore exploration, production and accommodation units utilized for such

activities. To a limited extent, this document also addresses the vessels that support ER, if part of the

overall EER plan.

While this document does not apply specifically to mobile offshore drilling units (MODUs, see

ISO 19905-1) many of the EER provisions contained herein are applicable to the assessment of such

units in situations when the MODU is operated in arctic and cold regions.

The provisions of this document are intended to be used by stakeholders including designers, operators

and duty holders. In some cases, floating platforms (as a type of offshore installations) can be classified

as vessels (ships) by national law and the EER for these units are stipulated by international maritime

law. However, many of the EER provisions contained in this document are applicable to such floating

platforms.

This document applies to mechanical, process and electrical equipment or any specialized process

equipment associated with offshore arctic and cold region operations that impacts the performance of

the EER system. This includes periodic training and drills, EER system maintenance and precautionary

down-manning as well as emergency situations.

EER associated with onshore arctic oil and gas facilities are not addressed in this document, except

where relevant to an offshore development.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15544, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Offshore production installations — Requirements and

guidelines for emergency response

ISO 17776, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Offshore production installations — Major accident

hazard management during the design of new installations
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 35102:20
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021
01-oktober-2021

Industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Obratovanje v arktičnem okolju

- Pobeg, evakuacija in reševanje iz objektov na morju (ISO 35102:2020)

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Arctic operations - Escape, evacuation and

rescue from offshore installations (ISO 35102:2020)
Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Arktisbetrieb - Flucht, Evakuierung und Rettung von
Offshore-Anlagen (ISO 35102:2020)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Opérations en Arctique - Fuite, évacuation et

sauvetage depuis les installations en mer (ISO 35102:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 35102
ICS:
75.180.10 Oprema za raziskovanje, Exploratory, drilling and
vrtanje in odkopavanje extraction equipment
oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021
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oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 35102
First edition
2020-03
Petroleum and natural gas
industries — Arctic operations —
Escape, evacuation and rescue from
offshore installations
Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel — Opérations en Arctique —
Échappement, évacuation et sauvetage depuis les installations en mer
Reference number
ISO 35102:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021
ISO 35102:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

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ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021
ISO 35102:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

5 General requirements and conditions for EER systems .............................................................................................. 9

5.1 Fundamental requirements ......................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Methods — Design ............................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.2 Structural configuration — Design ...............................................................................................................11

5.3 Methods — Operations .................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.2 Structural configuration — Operations ....................................................................................................12

6 Escape, evacuation and rescue strategy ....................................................................................................................................13

6.1 General EER strategy ......................................................................................................................................................................13

6.2 Human and hardware performance in EER ................................................................................................................13

7 Physical environment ...................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.1 General physical environment ................................................................................................................................................13

7.2 Physical environmental conditions — Design ..........................................................................................................14

7.3 Physical environmental conditions — Operations ...............................................................................................14

8 Escape, evacuation and rescue hazard identification and risk analysis — Design and

operations ................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.2 General HAZID and risk analysis ..........................................................................................................................................15

8.3 EER HAZID ...............................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.4 EER risk analysis ................................................................................................................................................................................16

9 Continuous assessment ..............................................................................................................................................................................16

9.1 Continuous assessment — Design ......................................................................................................................................16

9.2 Continuous assessment — Operations ...........................................................................................................................16

10 Escape, evacuation and rescue system capabilities ......................................................................................................17

10.1 EER system capabilities — Design ......................................................................................................................................17

10.2 EER system capabilities — Operations ...........................................................................................................................18

11 Emergency response organization .................................................................................................................................................19

11.1 ERO — Design .......................................................................................................................................................................................19

11.2 ERO — Operations ............................................................................................................................................................................19

12 Competency assurance ................................................................................................................................................................................19

12.1 Competency assurance — Design .......................................................................................................................................19

12.2 Competency assurance — Operations .............................................................................................................................20

13 Communications and alarms ................................................................................................................................................................21

13.1 Communications and alarms — Design .........................................................................................................................21

13.2 Communications and alarms — Operations ..............................................................................................................22

14 Personal protective equipment (PPE) .........................................................................................................................................22

14.1 PPE — Design ........................................................................................................................................................................................22

14.2 PPE — Operations .............................................................................................................................................................................23

15 Man overboard recovery ...........................................................................................................................................................................23

15.1 MOB recovery — Design ..............................................................................................................................................................23

15.2 MOB recovery — Operations ...................................................................................................................................................23

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16 Escape ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................24

16.1 Escape — Design ................................................................................................................................................................................24

16.1.1 General escape — Design ......................................................................................................................................24

16.1.2 Escape routes — Design .........................................................................................................................................24

16.1.3 TR — Design .....................................................................................................................................................................25

16.1.4 MS — Design ....................................................................................................................................................................26

16.2 Escape operations .............................................................................................................................................................................27

16.2.1 General escape — Operations ...........................................................................................................................27

16.2.2 Escape routes — Operations ..............................................................................................................................27

16.2.3 TR — Operations ..........................................................................................................................................................28

16.2.4 MS — Operations ..........................................................................................................................................................28

17 Evacuation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................29

17.1 Evacuation — Design ......................................................................................................................................................................29

17.1.1 General evacuation — Design ............................................................................................................................29

17.1.2 Evacuation method — Design ...........................................................................................................................29

17.2 Evacuation — Operations ...........................................................................................................................................................31

17.2.1 General evacuation — Operations .................................................................................................................31

17.2.2 Evacuation method — Operations ................................................................................................................31

18 Rescue ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................32

18.1 Rescue — Design ................................................................................................................................................................................32

18.2 Rescue — Operations .....................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (informative) Additional information and guidance ................................................................................................34

Annex B (informative) Examples of Arctic EER risk analysis and operational EER systems ...................70

Bibliography .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................103

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oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021
ISO 35102:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore

structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 8, Arctic operations.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
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ISO 35102:2020(E)
Introduction

The International Standards on arctic operations (ISO 35101, ISO 35102, ISO 35103, ISO 35104,

ISO/TS 35105 and ISO 35106) address design and operational requirements and provide guidance

on their use by the petroleum and natural gas industries in offshore arctic and cold regions. These

documents promote internationally agreed approaches for oil and gas operations in arctic and cold

region offshore environments. They were developed in response to the offshore oil and gas industry's

demand for a coherent and consistent definition of methodologies to design, analyze, assess and

operate arctic and cold region offshore structures. Through their proper application, the intention is to

help ensure the safety of life and to minimize damage to the arctic environment. These documents are

intended to provide wide latitude in the selection of design and operational solutions without hindering

innovation. Even so, sound engineering judgement is expected in the application of these documents.

Personnel working in petroleum and natural gas industries in the arctic offshore face a number of risks

from the physical and work environments. These include prolonged periods of darkness (in the winter)

and light (in the summer), remoteness, cold ambient air temperatures, wind chill, dense fog, cold

water temperatures, sea ice in varying concentrations and thickness and potentially, icebergs. These

environmental factors can affect worker safety, should the installation’s integrity be compromised.

Additionally, these harsh environmental factors can have a negative impact on equipment.

The escape, evacuation and rescue (EER) system facilitates the successful escape from an incident,

subsequent precautionary or emergency evacuation from the installation, and the ultimate rescue of

installation personnel. The EER provisions are the compensating measures mitigating risks which

facilitate the safety of personnel working in arctic and cold region offshore environments.

This document specifies requirements and recommendations applicable to design and operational

aspects of EER from oil and gas installations deployed in arctic and cold region offshore environments.

Through their application, the intention is to achieve reliability levels appropriate for manned and

normally unmanned offshore installations, regardless of the type of structure/facility and the nature

or combination of the materials used and the severity of the environment to which the installation is

subjected.

The EER provisions are largely performance-based stipulations which include verifiable attributes

or benchmarks that provide qualitative levels or quantitative measures of performance. The key

characteristic of a performance-based standard is that it is focused on what needs to be achieved rather

than on how it should be done. One of the performance targets is that use of the EER minimizes the

possibility of casualties in the process. The performance target is developed in the context of a design

HSE case.

The main body of this document considers the overall EER system design and operational aspects.

Annex A provides EER system design and operational background information and guidance intended

to assist the user of this document in understanding the requirements and how they can be met. The

clause numbering in Annex A is the same as in the main body text to facilitate cross-referencing.

Annex B provides a risk analysis example and information pertaining to operational EER systems.

In this document, the following verbal forms are used:
— “shall” indicates a requirement;
— “should” indicates a recommendation;
— “may” indicates a permission;
— “can” indicates a possibility or a capability.

Users of this document are expected to be familiar with ISO 15544, ISO 17776 and ISO 31000.

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oSIST prEN ISO 35102:2021
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 35102:2020(E)
Petroleum and natural gas industries — Arctic operations
— Escape, evacuation and rescue from offshore
installations
1 Scope

This document establishes the principles, specifies the requirements and provides guidance for the

development and implementation of an escape, evacuation and rescue (EER) plan. It is applicable to

offshore installation design, construction, transportation, installation, offshore production/exploration

drilling operation service life inspection/repair, decommissioning and removal activities related to

petroleum and natural gas industries in the arctic and cold regions.

Reference to arctic and cold regions in this document is deemed to include both the Arctic and other

locations characterized by low ambient temperatures and the presence or possibility of sea ice, icebergs,

icing conditions, persistent snow cover and/or permafrost.

This document contains requirements for the design, operation, maintenance, and service-life

inspection or repair of new installations and structures, and to modification of existing installations

for operation in the offshore Arctic and cold regions, where ice can be present for at least a portion

of the year. This includes offshore exploration, production and accommodation units utilized for such

activities. To a limited extent, this document also addresses the vessels that support ER, if part of the

overall EER plan.

While this document does not apply specifically to mobile offshore drilling units (MODUs, see

ISO 19905-1) many of the EER provisions contained herein are applicable to the assessment of such

units in situations when the MODU is operated in arctic and cold regions.

The provisions of this document are intended to be used by stakeholders including designers, operators

and duty holders. In some cases, floating platforms (as a type of offshore installations) can be classified

as vessels (ships) by national law and the EER for these units are stipulated by international maritime

law. However, many of the EER provisions contained in this document are applicable to such floating

platforms.

This document applies to mechanical, process and electrical equipment or any specialized process

equipment associated with offshore arctic and cold region operations that impacts the performance of

the EER system. This includes periodic training and drills, EER system maintenance and precautionary

down-manning as well as emergency situations.

EER associated with onshore arctic oil and gas facilities are not addressed in this document, except

where relevant to an offshore development.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15544, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Offshore production installations — Requirements and

guidelines for emergency response

ISO 17776, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Offshore production installations — Major accident

hazard management during the design of new installations
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ISO 19901-6, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Specific requirements for offshore structures —

Part 6: Marine operations

ISO 19906, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Offshore production installations — Arctic offshore

structures
ISO 31000, Risk management — Guidelines

ISO 35104, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Arctic operations — Ice management

ISO 35106, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Arctic operations — Metocean, ice, and seabed data

IMO International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
abandonment
act of personnel on-board leaving an installation in an emergency
3.2
accommodation
place where personnel on-board sleep and spend their off-duty time

Note 1 to entry: It can include dining rooms, recreation rooms, lavatories, cabins, offices, sickbay, living quarters,

galley, pantries and similar permanently enclosed spaces.
3.3
annual risk tolerability criterion
ARTC

value of the individual and collective risks (3.50) per year of a fatality for persons, considering the

amount of time spent in the operation and considering all risk sources, including workplace accidents,

other incidents and EER (3.18) risks
3.4
anti-icing
measures to prevent ice from forming on surfaces, structures or equipment

Note 1 to entry: The intent of anti-icing is to make the surfaces, structures or equipment immediately available

for use.
3.5
as low as reasonably practicable
ALARP

implementation of risk (3.50) reducing measures until the cost (including time, capital costs or other

resources/assets) of further risk reduction is grossly disproportional to the potential risk reducing

effect achieved by implementing any additional measure
3.6
casualty

serious injury or fatality resulting from an accident that occurs during the EER (3.18) process

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3.7
cold-climate conditions

potential presence of combinations of low air temperatures, low seawater temperatures, wind, snow,

ice, freezing fog, etc.
3.8
action

measure to limit the extent and/or duration of a hazardous event to prevent escalation (3.16)

3.9
direct evacuation
dry evacuation

movement of personnel from the installation directly to a safe haven (3.52) or to a vessel in the vicinity

with the capability of safely reaching the platform without having to enter the sea or the ice cover

3.10
drills and exercises

activities undertaken to ensure verification of performance criteria, targets or requirements

3.11
duty holder

individual, legal entity or organization holding legal title to the equipment or process and accountable

for the safety and welfare of all associated personnel
3.12
embarkation area
place from which personnel abandon the installation during evacuation (3.20)
3.13
emergency breathing system
EBS
compressed air emergency breathing system
CA-EBS

form of personal protective equipment that provides the user with a means to breathe underwater for

at least one minute, overcoming the need to make a single breath last for the complete duration of an

underwater escape (3.17) from a helicopter

Note 1 to entry: If used correctly, EBS can mitigate the risk (3.50) of drowning. EBSs are categorized as follows:

— Category A: capable of deployment in air and underwater within 12 s;
— Category B: capable of deployment in air within 20 s.
3.14
emergency

hazardous event which cannot be handled by normal measures and requires immediate action (3.8) to

limit its extent, duration or consequences
3.15
emergency response

action (3.8) taken by personnel on or off the installation to control or mitigate a hazardous event or

initiate and execute abandonment (3.1)
3.16
escalation
increase in the consequences of a hazardous event
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