Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications - Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers - Part 3: Biodiversity and environmental aspects related to nature protection purposes

This European Standard only defines procedures, criteria and indicators to provide the required evidence for:
-   production of raw material in areas for nature protection purposes;
-   harvesting of raw material from non-natural highly biodiverse grasslands; and
-   cultivation and harvesting on peatland.
This European Standard specifies requirements relevant for the provision of evidence by economic operators that the production, cultivation and harvesting of raw materials is in accordance with legal or other requirements concerning the areas mentioned above.
This European Standard is applicable to production, cultivation and harvesting of biomass for biofuels and bioliquids production.
NOTE   At several occasions in the text the plural form "purposes" is used, but in practice there can be just one nature protection or harvesting of raw material purpose.

Nachhaltigkeitskriterien für die Herstellung von Biokraftstoffen und flüssigen Biobrennstoffen für Energieanwendungen - Grundsätze, Kriterien, Indikatoren und Prüfer - Teil 3: Biodiversität und Umweltaspekte im Zusammenhang mit Naturschutzzwecken

Diese Europäische Norm legt nur Verfahren, Kriterien und Indikatoren fest, um den geforderten Nachweis zu erbringen für:
-   die Erzeugung von Rohstoffen auf für Naturschutzzwecke ausgewiesenen Flächen;
-   das Ernten von Rohstoffen auf künstlich geschaffenem Grünland mit großer biologischer Vielfalt;
-   das Anbauen und Ernten von Rohstoffen auf Torfmooren.
Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen fest, die für die Wirtschaftsteilnehmer von Bedeutung sind um nachzuweisen, dass die Erzeugung, der Anbau und die Ernte der Rohstoffe in Übereinstimmung mit den gesetzlichen oder anderen Anforderungen in Bezug auf die vorstehend aufgeführten Flächenarten erfolgen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für die Erzeugung, den Anbau und die Ernte von Biomasse, welche für die Herstellung von Biokraftstoffen und flüssigen Biobrennstoffen vorgesehen ist.

Critères de durabilité pour la production de biocarburants et de bioliquides pour des applications énergétiques - Principes, critères, indicateurs et vérificateurs - Partie 3: Biodiversité et aspects environnementaux liés aux objectifs de protection de la nature

La présente Norme européenne définit uniquement les procédures, les critères et les indications permettant de fournir la preuve exigée pour :
-   la production de matières premières dans des zones affectées à la protection de la nature ;
-   la récolte de matières premières dans des prairies non naturelles présentant une grande valeur sur le plan de la biodiversité ; et
-   la culture et la récolte dans les tourbières.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives à la fourniture par les opérateurs économiques d’éléments prouvant que la production, la culture et la récolte des matières premières sont conformes aux exigences légales ou à d’autres exigences concernant les zones mentionnées ci-dessus.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique à la production, la culture et la récolte de la biomasse en vue de la production de biocarburants et de bioliquides.

Merila vzdržnosti za proizvodnjo biogoriv in biotekočin za uporabo v energetiki - Načela, merila, kazalniki in preverjalniki - 3. del: Biotska raznovrstnost in okoljski vidiki glede zaščite narave

Ta evropski standard določa samo postopke, merila in kazalnike za zagotovitev zahtevanih dokazov za:
– proizvodnjo surovin na naravovarstvenih območjih;
– pridelovanje surovin iz zelo biotsko raznovrstnih nenaravnih pašnikov;
– gojenje in pridelovanje na šotnih območjih.
Ta evropski standard določa zahteve, ki se nanašajo na zagotovitev dokazov s strani gospodarskih subjektov, da so proizvodnja, gojenje in pridelovanje surovin v skladu z zakonskimi in drugimi zahtevami, ki zadevajo navedena področja.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za proizvodnjo, gojenje in pridelovanje biomase za proizvodnjo biogoriv in biotekočin.
OPOMBA:Na več mestih v besedilu se uporablja množinska oblika »nameni«, vendar lahko v praksi obstaja samo en namen naravne zaščite ali pridelovanja surovin.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Aug-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
25-Jul-2017
Due Date
29-Sep-2017
Completion Date
08-Aug-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Nachhaltigkeitskriterien für die Herstellung von Biokraftstoffen und flüssigen Biobrennstoffen für Energieanwendungen - Grundsätze, Kriterien, Indikatoren und Prüfer - Teil 3: Biodiversität und Umweltaspekte im Zusammenhang mit NaturschutzzweckenCritères de durabilité pour la production de biocarburants et de bioliquides pour des applications énergétiques - Principes, critères, indicateurs et vérificateurs - Partie 3: Biodiversité et aspects environnementaux liés aux objectifs de protection de la natureSustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications - Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers - Part 3: Biodiversity and environmental aspects related to nature protection purposes27.190Biološki viri in drugi alternativni viri energijeBiological sources and alternative sources of energy13.020.99Drugi standardi v zvezi z varstvom okoljaOther standards related to environmental protectionICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017en,fr,de01-september-2017SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16214-3:2012+A1
July
t r s y ICS
t yä s { r Supersedes EN
s x t s væ uã t r s tEnglish Version

Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications æ Principlesá criteriaá indicators and verifiers æ Part

uã Biodiversity and environmental aspects related to nature protection purposes Critères de durabilité pour la production de biocarburants et de bioliquides pour des applications énergétiques æ Principesá critèresá indicateurs et vérificateurs æ Partie

uã Biodiversité et aspects environnementaux liés aux objectifs de protection de la nature

Nachhaltigkeitskriterien für die Herstellung von Biokraftstoffen und flüssigen Biobrennstoffen für Energieanwendungen æ Grundsätzeá Kriteriená Indikatoren und Prüfer æ Teil

uã Biodiversität und Umweltaspekte im Zusammenhang mit Naturschutzzwecken This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t r July
t r s t and includes Amendment
s approved by CEN on
s t April
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x t s væ uã t r s t ªA sã t r s y ESIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Principle ............................................................................................................................................................. 6 5 Location check .................................................................................................................................................. 6 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 5.2 Guidance for the identification of relevant areas ................................................................................ 7 6 Production of raw material in areas with nature protection purposes ................................... 11 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11 6.2 Functional check ........................................................................................................................................... 12 6.3 Impact check .................................................................................................................................................. 12 7 ! Harvesting of raw material in non-natural highly biodiverse grassland" .................. 17 7.1 !Functional check .................................................................................................................................... 17 7.2 Impact check .................................................................................................................................................. 17 8 Cultivation and harvesting of raw material from peatland .......................................................... 19 8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 8.2 Impact check .................................................................................................................................................. 19 9 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 21 Annex A (informative)

Example of a template for provision of data for the area with nature protection purposes and for the production unit ............................................................................ 22 Annex B (informative)

Example of a template for provision of data for !non-natural highly biodiverse grasslands" harvesting area .......................................................................................... 23 Annex C (informative)

Example of a template for provision of data for peatland area ..................... 24 Annex D (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directives 2009/28/EC and 98/70/EC ........................................................ 25 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 27

SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 383 “Sustainably produced biomass for energy applications”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 12 April 2017. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". This document supersedes EN 16214-3:2012. This European Standard comprises the following parts: — EN 16214-1, Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications — Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers — Part 1: Terminology; — !CEN/TS 16214-2, Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications — Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers — Part 2: Conformity assessment including chain of custody and mass balance;" — EN 16214-3, Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications — Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers — Part 3: Biodiversity and environmental aspects related to nature protection purposes; — !EN 16214-4, Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications — Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers — Part 4: Calculation methods of the greenhouse gas emission balance using a life cycle analysis approach" According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 4 Introduction Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Commission on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, referred to as the Renewable Energy Directive (RED, [1]), incorporates an advanced binding sustainability scheme for biofuels and bioliquids for the European market. The RED contains binding sustainability criteria for greenhouse gas savings, land with high biodiversity value, land with high carbon stock and agro-environmental practices. Several articles in the RED present requirements to European Member States and to economic operators in Europe. Non-EU countries may have different requirements and criteria on, for instance, the GHG emission reduction set-off. The sustainability criteria for biofuels are also mandated in Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels ![7]", via the amending Directive 2009/30/EC (as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, ![8]"). Directive 98/70/EC is referred to as the Fuels Quality Directive (FQD). In May 2009, the European Commission requested CEN to initiate work on standard(s) on: — the implementation of the mass balance method of custody chain management; — the provisions of evidence that the production of raw material has not interfered with nature protection purpose; — the auditing by member states and by voluntary schemes of the information submitted by economic operators. Both the EC and CEN agreed that these may play a role in the implementation of the EU biofuel and bioliquid sustainability scheme. In the Communication from the Commission on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels (2010/C 160/02, ![3]"), awareness of the CEN work is indicated. It is widely accepted that sustainability at large encompasses environmental, social and economic aspects. The European Directives make mandatory the compliance of several sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids. This European Standard has been developed with the aim to assist EU Member States and economic operators with the implementation of EU biofuel and bioliquids sustainability requirements mandated by the European Directives. This European Standard is limited to certain aspects relevant for a sustainability assessment of biomass produced for energy applications. Therefore compliance with this standard or parts thereof alone does not substantiate claims of the biomass being produced sustainably. The European Commission has identified land use types from which raw material will not meet their criteria of sustainability. However, in three of these land use types exceptions are possible. Raw material will be considered to meet the requirements if evidence is provided that its production does not interfere with the continuity of that land use type or the integrity of the ecosystem. These land use types are areas designated for nature protection purposes, !non-natural highly biodiverse grasslands" and peatland. This part of this European Standard defines procedures, criteria and indicators to provide the required evidence. Where applicable, the parts of this standard contain at the end an annex that informs the user of the link between the requirements in the European Directive and the requirements in the CEN Standard. ! A complementary regulation was published in 2014 on defining the criteria and geographic ranges of highly biodiverse grassland [2], after which this European Standard was amended." SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard only defines procedures, criteria and indicators to provide the required evidence for: — production of raw material in areas for nature protection purposes; — harvesting of raw material from !non-natural highly biodiverse grasslands"; and — cultivation and harvesting on peatland. This European Standard specifies requirements relevant for the provision of evidence by economic operators that the production, cultivation and harvesting of raw materials is in accordance with legal or other requirements concerning the areas mentioned above. This European Standard is applicable to production, cultivation and harvesting of biomass for biofuels and bioliquids production. NOTE At several occasions in the text the plural form "purposes" is used, but in practice there can be just one nature protection or harvesting of raw material purpose. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 16214-1:2012, Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications - Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers - Part 1: Terminology 3 Terms and definitions !For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 16214-1:2012 and the following apply. 3.1 grassland terrestrial ecosystems dominated by herbaceous or shrub vegetation for at least 5 years continuously Note 1 to entry: It includes meadows or pasture that is cropped for hay but excludes land cultivated for other crop production and cropland lying temporarily fallow. Note 2 to entry: It further excludes continuously forested areas as defined in Article 17(4)(b) of Directive 2009/28/EC unless these are agroforestry systems which include land-use systems where trees are managed together with crops or animal production systems in agricultural settings. Note 3 to entry: The dominance of herbaceous or shrub vegetation means that their combined ground cover is larger than the canopy cover of trees. [SOURCE: COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1307/2014 [2], Art 1, (1), modified to fit the structure of a definition in a European Standard] SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 6 3.2 human intervention managed grazing, mowing, cutting, harvesting or burning [SOURCE: COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1307/2014 [2], Art 1, (2)] 3.3 natural highly biodiverse grassland natural grassland that would remain grassland in the absence of human intervention and which maintains the natural species composition and ecological characteristics and processes [SOURCE: COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1307/2014 [2], Art 1, (3), modifed to fit the structure of a definition in a European Standard] 3.4 non-natural highly biodiverse grassland grassland that would cease to be grassland in the absence of human intervention and which is species-rich and not degraded Note 1 to entry: Not degraded means that it is not characterised by long-term loss of biodiversity due to for instance overgrazing, mechanical damage to the vegetation, soil erosion or loss of soil quality. [SOURCE: COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1307/2014 [2], Art 1, (4), modifed to fit the structure of a definition in a European Standard]" 4 Principle This European standard contains procedures with underlying questionnaires and indicative data forms to provide the required evidence for the exceptional authorisation of biomass production in the three types of areas cited in the scope. As a first step a location check is carried out (Clause 5). In case this is positive the respective procedures as laid down in Clauses 6, 7 and/or 8 are followed. These procedures include functional checks and impact checks. These checks are based on criteria, indicators and verifiers. All criteria of the relevant clause are to be met. If a criterion is not applicable/necessary, e.g. due to the specific protection purposes, justification/evidence is to be provided. The listed indicators should be used, where possible. If an indicator cannot be used, evidence/justification is necessary. Which indicators and verifiers are used is to be checked in at the respective location. If an additional indicator is used, this needs to be justified in the context of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED, [1]), e.g. due to specific protection purposes. Each respective procedure is illustrated by a flowchart. The flowcharts present the steps to be taken to provide evidence that the raw material is taken from a source in compliance with the requirements of the RED. 5 Location check 5.1 General Identify whether the area in question falls under one or more of the following in or after January 2008: a) areas for nature protection purposes; if yes, follow procedures laid down in Clause 6; SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 7 b) !non-natural highly biodiverse grasslands"; if yes, follow procedures laid down in Clause 7; c) peatlands; if yes, follow procedures laid down in Clause 8. NOTE 1 For compliance with Directive 2009/28/EC [1] three other types of land are excluded from raw material production for biofuels and other bioliquids: primary forest, !natural highly biodiverse grasslands" and land with high carbon stock. These three types of land are not further dealt within this document. In case the production unit, cultivation and/or harvesting area lies within one of these areas one should follow Directive 2009/28/EC. An example of the whole check is visualised in Figure 1. If the area in question does not belong to any of the six types of areas mentioned above this part of the European Standard is not applicable for the production unit, cultivation and/or harvesting area. The output of the location check is evidence shown in a reliable document (e.g. maps, Geographic Information Systems -GIS- data, landscape assessment, on-site consultation, third party issued certificate, authority declaration, self-declaration) that the area is inside or outside of the areas as defined above. NOTE 2 These areas are also defined in Art. 17 of the Directive 2009/28/EC [1].

Figure 1 — Possible location check 5.2 Guidance for the identification of relevant areas 5.2.1 Areas for nature protection purposes Check whether international, national or regional maps or data of areas designated by law or by the relevant competent authority for nature protection are available for the area in question. Use best available source. Check whether production unit lies within a designated area for rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems or species as recognized by the European Commission (see Directive 2009/28/EC, Article 17, 3.b). SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 8 5.2.2 !Non-natural highly biodiverse grasslands" 5.2.2.1 !General Check whether for the harvesting area the criteria for non-natural highly biodiverse grassland apply. The identification of areas of non-natural highly biodiverse grassland has to follow the following three steps: a) identification whether a harvesting area has been grassland in or after 2008 (see 5.2.2.2) ; b) identification whether a harvesting area has been natural or non-natural grassland in or after 2008 (see 5.2.2.3) ; c) identification whether a harvesting area has been non-natural highly biodiverse grassland in or after 2008 (see 5.2.2.4). In order to determine if you are on a grassland, 5.2.2.2 shall be followed. 5.2.2.2 Determination of grassland status In order to determine if the production and harvesting is on a grassland, Figure 2 shall be followed. SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 9

Figure 2 — Identification whether an area has been grassland in or after 2008 5.2.2.3 Determination of natural / non-natural grassland status If the production and harvesting area is a grassland according to Figure 2, Figure 3 shall be used to determine whether the grassland is considered to be natural or non-natural. SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 10

Figure 3 — Identification whether an area has been natural or non-natural grassland in or after 2008 If you are on a natural grassland in accordance with the decision tree in Figure 3, this is a no go area in accordance with article 17.3 of RED [1] and shall not be used for production. If you are on a non-natural grassland in accordance with the decision tree in Figure 3, the text below in 5.2.2.4 shall be used to determine whether you are on a non-natural highly biodiverse grassland. 5.2.2.4 Determination of non-natural highly biodiverse grassland status 5.2.2.4.1 Highly biodiverse grasslands differ among climatic zones and may include, inter alia, heaths, pastures, meadows, savannahs, steppes, scrublands, tundra and prairies. These areas develop distinct characteristics for instance with regard to the degree of tree cover and the intensity of grazing and mowing. 5.2.2.4.2 For non-natural grassland, the economic operator shall determine whether the area is considered to be non-natural highly biodiverse grassland in or after 2008. Non-natural highly biodiverse grassland is characterised by their species-richness, which means that the area was: 1) a habitat of significant importance to critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable species as classified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species or other lists with a similar purpose for species or habitats laid down in national legislation or recognised by a competent national authority in the country of origin of the raw material; or 2) a habitat of significant importance to intra-species genetic diversity; or 3) a habitat of significant importance to globally significant concentrations of migratory species or congregatory species; or 4) a regionally or nationally significant or highly threatened or unique ecosystem. SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 11 5.2.2.4.3 In case the economic operator is not in a geographic range listed under 5.2.2.4.4, and he wants to identify that the non-natural grassland is not highly biodiverse, he has to show that the area: — is not species-rich in and after 2008; or — is degraded in and after 2008. In case the area is degraded in and after 2008, the economic operator may consider the non-natural grassland as not highly biodiverse according to 1.4 of [2], even though the area is species-rich. 5.2.2.4.4 Grasslands in the following geographic ranges of the European Union - even in case of degradation - shall always be regarded as highly biodiverse grassland: a) habitats as listed in Annex I to Council Directive 92/43/EEC (1) [21]; b) habitats of significant importance for animal and plant species of European Union interest listed in Annexes II and IV to Directive 92/43/EEC [21]; c) habitats of significant importance for wild bird species listed in Annex I to Directive 2009/147/EC [22]. Highly biodiverse grassland in the European Union is not limited to the geographic ranges referred to under (a), (b) and (c) above. Other grassland might fulfil the criteria for highly biodiverse grassland set out in Article 1 of [2] 5.2.2.4.5 In case the harvesting area is a non-natural highly biodiverse grassland, the instructions in Clause 7 shall be followed." 5.2.3 Peatland For all biomass that is cultivated or harvested on peatland, follow a two-step approach to identify whether previously undrained peat is affected. The flowchart shown in !Figure 7" considers the following questions: a) identify whether the cultivation and harvesting area is on peatland, that was undrained in January 2008; b) if the peatland area was already drained in January 2008, identify whether the cultivation and harvesting of biomass affects previously undrained peat (in depth and/or spatial extent). For peatland that was drained in January 2008 a subsequent deeper drainage, affecting peat that was not already fully drained, would constitute a breach of the criterion (see also [2]). 6 Production of raw material in areas with nature protection purposes 6.1 General Use the flowcharts shown in !Figures 4 and 5" and the corresponding requirements given in 6.2 and 6.3 in order to provide evidence that the production and harvesting of raw material in the areas are in accordance with the requirements. SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 12 6.2 Functional check The functional check (see !Figure 4") offers the possibility to skip the impact check in those cases where the harvesting of raw material is required to achieve one or several of the nature protection purposes of the area. If the functional check is positive, the economic operator shall provide evidence such as information on the management plan of the respective protection area and that the harvesting of the raw material is in compliance with this management plan. If the functional check is negative, the economic operator shall continue with the impact check (see 6.3).

! Figure 4 — Provision of evidence for an area with nature protection purposes " 6.3 Impact check 6.3.1 General The process of the impact check starts with identification of the nature protection purposes and continues with criteria, indicators and verifiers relevant for those purposes in a hierarchical stepwise SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 13 framework as is shown in !Figure 5". The protection purpose "Other" hides a number of possible nature protection purposes that may require other criteria, indicators and verifiers. A management plan is useful for an impact check but not necessarily a guarantee for compliance.

! Figure 5 — Impact check " 6.3.2 Provision of data For the impact check the economic operator shall provide data of the area with nature protection purposes as well as of the production unit. The specification of nature protection purposes is crucial for the assessment of potential interference of the raw material production with the specific nature protection purposes of the area. For this reason, in a first step, the nature protection purposes of the area should be identified. SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 14 An example of a template for provision of data for the area with nature protection purposes and for the production unit is given in Annex A. Examples of verification data for criteria and indicators relevant for different nature protection purposes are given in 6.3.3.1 and 6.3.3.2. 6.3.3 Biodiversity and environmental criteria and indicators for provision of evidence 6.3.3.1 Biodiversity Relevant indicators on biodiversity as in Table 1 shall be checked against the nature protection purposes. NOTE Indicators should be selected according to the scope and purpose of the verification of the criterion. SIST EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017

EN 16214-3:2012+A1:2017 (E) 15 Table 1 — Biodiversity criteria, indicators and verifiers Criterion Indicator Possible specification for indicators Possible verifier The integrity of the relevant ecosystem and the habitat of the rare, threatened and endangered species is maintained. Disturbing on-site operations are not taking place during critical seasons. Evidence is provided that no on-site operations take place, e. g. rainy season, nesting season, breeding season etc. Management documentation with respective regulations, log book, remote sensing material, relevant documents of certified quality management system, contract papers, trading documents

Critical spatial components are maintained depending on the necessary functionality needed for the specific ecosystem and species. Critical spatial components and functionalities can be, depending on the nature protection purposes, habitat spatial component, corridors, roaming space, food, water and shelter for species, natural canopy openings Remote sensing material, field checks, GIS (Geographic Information System) material, maps and attribute data

Targeted species populations and communities are maintained. No significant changes in crop rotation, no shortening of fallow periods, no negative

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