Plastics piping and ducting systems - Systems outside building structures for the conveyance of water or sewage - Practices for installation above and below ground

This prestandard is applicable to the installation of plastics piping systems to be used for the conveyance of water or sewage under gravity and pressure conditions above and below ground. It is intended to be used for pipes of nominal size up to and including DN 3000.
Where in this prestandard the term "pipe" is used then it serves also to cover any "fittings", "ancillary" products and "components".
NOTE 1    It is assumed that additional recommendations and/or requirements are detailed in the individual materials System Standards. Instances where this is expected to apply include those indicated in this prestandard as follows:
a) any special transportation requirements (see 4.2.6);
b) maximum storage height (see 4.4.3 and 4.4.4);
c) maximum storage period in direct sunlight (see 4.4.6);
d) any climatic conditions requiring special storage (see 4.4.7);
e) limiting initial and/or long-term deflections (see 5.1.1 and 5.1.2);
f) information on mole ploughing and boring (see and 5.2), if applicable;
g) longitudinal tensile modulus and strength (see 5.3.1.2);
h) coefficient of thermal linear expansion (see 5.3.2.2 and Annex B);
i) suitability for use in areas exposed to sunlight (see 5.3.3);
j) selection of appropriate jointing system (see clause 6);
k) recommended radii of curvature for cold bending (see 7.1);
l) permitted rates of loss of water under test (see 8.2.1);
m) if applicable the relationship between SDR and stiffness.
NOTE 2   Guidance and instructions concerning commissioning of systems can be found in the standards prepared by CEN/TC 164 and by CEN/TC 165 and the relevant national and/or local regulations.
NOTE 3   Concerning the character of this document see Foreword and Introduction.

Kunststoff-Rohrleitungs- und Schutzrohr-Systeme - Systeme außerhalb der Gebäudestruktur zum Transport von Wasser oder Abwasser - Verfahren zur ober- und unterirdischen Verlegung

Diese Vornorm ist anwendbar auf die Verlegung von Kunststoff-Rohrleitungs-Systemen für den ober- und unterirdischen Transport von Wasser und Abwasser unter Gravitations- und Druckbedingungen.  Es ist vorgesehen, sie für Rohre mit Nennweiten bis einschließlich DN 3000 zu verwenden.
Wenn in dieser Vornorm der Begriff "Rohr" verwendet wird, dann gelten damit auch etwaige "Formstücke", "Zubehör" und andere "Komponenten" als abgedeckt.
ANMERKUNG 1   Es wird davon ausgegangen, daß zusätzliche Empfehlungen und/oder Anforderungen in den einzelnen werkstoffbezogenen Systemnormen festgelegt sind.  Fälle, bei denen dieses erwartet wird, sind die Folgenden, auf die in dieser Vornorm hingewiesen wird:
a) jegliche spezielle Anforderungen an den Transport (siehe 4.2.6);
b) maximale Stapelhöhe (siehe 4.4.3 und 4.4.4);
c) maximale Lagerdauer unter direkter Sonneneinstrahlung (siehe 4.4.6);
d) jegliche klimatische Bedingungen, die eine spezielle Lagerung erfordern (siehe 4.4.7);
e) Anfangs- und/oder Langzeit-Grenzverformungen (siehe 5.1.1 und 5.1.2);
f) Informationen über Rohrziehen und Rohrvortrieb (siehe 5.2), falls zutreffend;
g) Längszug-Elastizitätsmodul und -Festigkeit (siehe 5.3.1.2);
h) linearer Temperaturausdehnungskoeffizient (siehe 5.3.2.2 und Anhang B);
i) Tauglichkeit für den Einsatz in Bereichen mit freier Sonneneinstrahlung (siehe 5.3.3);
j) Auswahl von geeigneten Verbindungssystemen (siehe Abschnitt 6);
k) empfohlene Krümmungsradien für die Kaltverformung (siehe 7.1);
l) zulässige Verlustraten für Wasser während der Prüfung (siehe 8.2.1);
m) falls zutreffend der Zusammenhang zwischen SDR und Steifigkeit.
...

Systemes de canalisations et de gaines en plastique - Systeme d'adduction d'eau ou d'assainissement a l'extérieur de la structure des bâtiments - Pratiques pour la pose en aérien et en enterré

La présente prénorme européenne s'applique a la pose de systemes de canalisations et de gaines en matieres plastiques destinés a etre utilisés pour l'adduction d'eau ou l'assainissement, gravitaire ou avec pression, en enterré et en aérien. Elle est destinée a etre utilisée pour des tubes de dimension nominale allant jusqu'a DN 3000 inclus.
Lorsque le terme "tube" est utilisé dans la présente prénorme européenne, elle couvre également les "raccords", les produits "auxiliaires" et les "composants".
NOTE 1    Il est entendu que des recommandations et/ou des exigences supplémentaires sont détaillées dans les normes de systemes individuelles concernant chaque matériau. Ceci peut s'appliquer aux cas suivants traités dans la présente prénorme européenne:
a)  les exigences particulieres relatives au transport (voir 4.2.6);
b)  la hauteur maximale de stockage (voir 4.4.3 et 4.4.4);
c)  la durée maximale de stockage en plein soleil (voir 4.4.6);
d)  les conditions climatiques exigeant un stockage particulier (voir 4.4.7);
e)  la déformation limite initiale et/ou a long terme (voir 5.1.1 et 5.1.2);
f)  les informations concernant l'emploi de charrue-taupe et le forage (voir 5.2), le cas échéant;
g)  le module et la résistance en traction longitudinale (voir 5.3.1.2);
h)  le coefficient de dilatation thermique linéaire (voir 5.3.2.2 et annexe B);
i)  l'aptitude a l'emploi dans des zones exposées au soleil (voir 5.3.3);
j)  le choix du systeme d'assemblage approprié (voir l'article 6);
k)  les rayons de flexion recommandés pour le cintrage a froid (voir 7.1);
l)  les taux admis de perte d'eau (ou de perte de pression) au cours de l'essai (voir 8.2.1);
m)  le cas échéant, la relation entre SDR et rigidité.
...

Cevni sistemi iz polimernih materialov - Sistemi zunaj stavb za transport vode ali kanalizacije - Postopki za vgradnjo nad zemljo in pod njo

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-May-2002
Withdrawal Date
08-Jan-2014
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
08-Jan-2014
Due Date
31-Jan-2014
Completion Date
09-Jan-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ENV 1046:2002
01-junij-2002

Cevni sistemi iz polimernih materialov - Sistemi zunaj stavb za transport vode ali

kanalizacije - Postopki za vgradnjo nad zemljo in pod njo

Plastics piping and ducting systems - Systems outside building structures for the

conveyance of water or sewage - Practices for installation above and below ground

Kunststoff-Rohrleitungs- und Schutzrohr-Systeme - Systeme außerhalb der
Gebäudestruktur zum Transport von Wasser oder Abwasser - Verfahren zur ober- und
unterirdischen Verlegung

Systemes de canalisations et de gaines en plastique - Systeme d'adduction d'eau ou

d'assainissement a l'extérieur de la structure des bâtiments - Pratiques pour la pose en

aérien et en enterré
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ENV 1046:2001
ICS:
23.040.20 Cevi iz polimernih materialov Plastics pipes
93.025 Zunanji sistemi za prevajanje External water conveyance
vode systems
93.030 Zunanji sistemi za odpadno External sewage systems
vodo
SIST ENV 1046:2002 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST ENV 1046:2002
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
EUROPEAN PRESTANDARD
ENV 1046
PRÉNORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE VORNORM
July 2001
ICS 23.040.01
English version
Plastics piping and ducting systems - Systems outside building
structures for the conveyance of water or sewage - Practices for
installation above and below ground

Systèmes de canalisations et de gaines en plastique - Kunststoff-Rohrleitungs- und Schutzrohr-Systeme -

Système d'adduction d'eau ou d'assainissement à Systeme außerhalb der Gebäudestruktur zum Transport

l'extérieur de la structure des bâtiments - Pratiques pour la von Wasser oder Abwasser - Verfahren zur ober- und

pose en aérien et en enterré unterirdischen Verlegung

This European Prestandard (ENV) was approved by CEN on 5 July 2001 as a prospective standard for provisional application.

The period of validity of this ENV is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to submit their

comments, particularly on the question whether the ENV can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this ENV in the same way as for an EN and to make the ENV available promptly

at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in parallel to the ENV) until the final

decision about the possible conversion of the ENV into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2001 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. ENV 1046:2001 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)
Contents
Page

Foreword ................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references....................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................5

3.1 Terminology..................................................................................................................................5

3.2 Symbols........................................................................................................................................6

4 Transport, handling and storage at depots and sites................................................................9

4.1 General.........................................................................................................................................9

4.2 Transport ......................................................................................................................................9

4.3 Handling........................................................................................................................................9

4.4 Storage .........................................................................................................................................9

5 Installation....................................................................................................................................10

5.1 Pipes in trenches ........................................................................................................................10

5.2 Special installation techniques....................................................................................................26

5.3 Laying of pipes above ground.....................................................................................................26

6 Methods of assembly (jointing)..................................................................................................30

6.1 General.......................................................................................................................................30

6.2 Joints using an elastomeric seal.................................................................................................30

6.3 Mechanical compression joints ..................................................................................................31

6.4 Other joints and jointing methods...............................................................................................32

7 Bends............................................................................................................................................33

7.1 Cold bending...............................................................................................................................33

7.2 Hot bending ................................................................................................................................33

8 Inspection and testing ................................................................................................................33

8.1 Inspection ...................................................................................................................................33

8.2 Testing........................................................................................................................................33

Annex A (normative) Classification of soils......................................................................................34

Annex B (normative) Thermal considerations on laying of pipes above ground .........................36

B.1 General.......................................................................................................................................36

B.2 L-shaped expansion joint............................................................................................................38

B.3 Z-shaped expansion joint ...........................................................................................................40

B.4 U-shaped expansion joints .........................................................................................................42

Annex C Behaviour of buried flexible pipes...............................................................44

(informative)

Annex D (normative) Joint and jointing examples ...........................................................................46

D.1 Joints capable of resisting end thrust .........................................................................................46

D.2 Mechanical threaded joints.........................................................................................................52

Annex E (normative) Beam-column theory.......................................................................................53

E.1 Scope of the design procedure...................................................................................................53

E.2 Loads..........................................................................................................................................54

E.3 Water column compression........................................................................................................57

E.4 Deflection....................................................................................................................................57

E.5 Stresses......................................................................................................................................58

E.6 Buckling ......................................................................................................................................60

Bibliography.........................................................................................................................................64

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SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)
Foreword

This European Prestandard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 155 "Plastics piping

systems and ducting systems ", the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This prestandard is based on the results of the work being undertaken in ISO/TC 138 "Plastics pipes,

fittings and valves for the transport of fluids", which is a Technical Committee of the International

Organization for Standardization (ISO) (see bibliography), modified as necessary to be applicable to

piping systems of any plastics materials and any relevant application.

This prestandard is a guidance document only. It provides a set of guidelines which gives correct

practices for installation of plastics piping and ducting systems outside building structures above and

below ground.

It relates to standards on general functional requirements and codes of practice.

CEN/TC 164 and CEN/TC 165 are preparing standards covering pipe laying and pipe design. When

these standards are published this prestandard will be revised to take account of those standards.

It includes the following:
Annex A, which is normative, gives criteria for classification of soils;

Annex B, which is normative, details calculation procedures for assessing thermal effects on

piping designs and/or layouts above ground;

Annex C, which is informative, describes the behaviour of buried flexible pipes;

Annex D, which is normative, describes joints and examples thereof;

Annex E, which is normative, details calculation procedures for assessing the need to apply the

beam-column theory and determining the maximum deflection of above ground pipes;
Bibliography.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this European Prestandard: Austria, Belgium, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,

Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)
Introduction

This prestandard contains guidance for installation procedures for plastics piping systems and their

components intended to be used above or below ground for pressure and non-pressure applications

outside building structures. It is intended to be used in conjunction with general standards for

installation recommendations, for example those issued by CEN/TC 164 "Water supply" and

CEN/TC 165 "Waste water engineering".

This prestandard includes recommendations for the pipe surround and backfilling procedures but not

road base and road sub-base details. Attention is drawn to any national regulations which may cover

these or other aspects of installation.

This prestandard does not cover matters relating to renovation of existing pipeline systems using lining

techniques, or replacement of existing pipeline systems using trenchless techniques.

This prestandard is intended to be used by authorities, design engineers, installation contractors and

manufacturers.

In this prestandard, much of the guidance is expressed as requirements, e.g. by use of "shall" or by

instructions in the imperative. It is strongly recommended that these be followed whenever applicable.

Other guidance is presented for consideration as a matter of judgement in each case, e.g. by use of

"should".
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)
1 Scope

This prestandard is applicable to the installation of plastics piping systems to be used for the

conveyance of water or sewage under gravity and pressure conditions above and below ground. It is

intended to be used for pipes of nominal size up to and including DN 3000.

Where in this prestandard the term "pipe" is used then it serves also to cover any "fittings", "ancillary"

products and "components".

NOTE 1 It is assumed that additional recommendations and/or requirements are detailed in the individual materials

System Standards. Instances where this is expected to apply include those indicated in this prestandard as follows:

a) any special transportation requirements (see 4.2.6);
b) maximum storage height (see 4.4.3 and 4.4.4);
c) maximum storage period in direct sunlight (see 4.4.6);
d) any climatic conditions requiring special storage (see 4.4.7);
e) limiting initial and/or long-term deflections (see 5.1.1 and 5.1.2);
f) information on mole ploughing and boring (see and 5.2), if applicable;
g) longitudinal tensile modulus and strength (see 5.3.1.2);
h) coefficient of thermal linear expansion (see 5.3.2.2 and Annex B);
i) suitability for use in areas exposed to sunlight (see 5.3.3);
j) selection of appropriate jointing system (see clause 6);
k) recommended radii of curvature for cold bending (see 7.1);
l) permitted rates of loss of water under test (see 8.2.1);
m) if applicable the relationship between SDR and stiffness.

NOTE 2 Guidance and instructions concerning commissioning of systems can be found in the standards prepared by

CEN/TC 164 and by CEN/TC 165 and the relevant national and/or local regulations.
NOTE 3 Concerning the character of this document see Foreword and Introduction.
2 Normative references

This prestandard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications.

These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are

listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these

publications apply to this prestandard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For

undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments).

EN 1295-1:1997, Structural design of buried pipelines under various conditions of loading Part 1:

General requirements
3 Terms and definitions
3.1 Terminology

See Figure 1 for an illustration of the meaning and limits of the terms used in this prestandard.

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)
key
1 Trench width, b
2 Depth of cover
3 100 mm to 300 mm
4 Ground surface
5 Native soil
6 Embedment
7 Main backfill
8 Pipe zone
9 Haunch zone
10 Trench grade
11 Trench bottom
12 Foundation, if required
13 Bedding, if required
Figure 1 — Trench cross-section showing terminology
3.2 Symbols
For the purposes of this prestandard, the following symbols apply:
a specific type of U-shaped expansion joint (see Figure B.6);
clearance between a pipe joint and an adjacent support (see Figure B.1);
A d e e
area of a pipe cross-section, ( – ) (see Annex E);
p e
a specific type of U-shaped expansion joint (see Figure B.7);
width of a trench cross-section (see Figure 1);
bearing width of a cradle support (see Figure 17);

horizontal clearance between the pipe or fitting and the trench sidewall or an adjacent pipe or

fitting (see Figure 1);

a factor for thermal expansion in relationships between fixed anchorages and compensation

section pipe lengths (see Annex B);
(mean) external diameter of a pipe (see Figure 1);
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)
d (mean) internal diameter of a pipe [see equation (E.5)];
DN nominal size of a pipe and associated fittings;
e pipe wall thickness;
E hoop tensile modulus of elasticity (see Annex E);

E elasticity modulus of the pipe material in the longitudinal direction (see Annex B and Annex E);

F net sum of axial loads (see Annex E);
f deflection multiplication factor (deflection) (see Annex E);
f deflection multiplication factor (end rotation) (see Annex E);
f deflection multiplication factor (moment) (see Annex E);
F horizontal reaction force on a pipework anchorage or sleeve (see Figure B.4);
F thermal load (see Annex E);
F Poisson load (see Annex E);
F load due to pressure (see Annex E);
F factor of safety [see equation (5)];

F reaction force on a fixed anchorage by thermal expansion or contraction of a pipe [see

equation (B.2)];
F vertical reaction force on a pipework anchorage or sleeve (see Figure B.4);
h depth of snow (see Annex E);
second axial moment of area (for a pipe) (see Annex B and Annex E);

L first pipe length along the span (L ) of an expansion joint from a fixed point to the offset leg

1 a
(see figures B.4, B.5 and B.6);

L the compensation portion of the first pipe length along the span of an expansion joint, i.e. from

the offset pipe leg to the nearest preceding guide or anchorage (see figures B.4 to B.7);

L second pipe length along the span (L ) of an expansion joint from the first offset leg to the next

2 a
offset leg or fixed point (see figures B.5 and B.6);

L the compensation portion of the second pipe length along the span of an expansion joint, i.e.

from the offset pipe leg to the next guide or anchorage (see Figure B.5);

L third pipe length along the span (L ) of an expansion joint from the second offset leg to the

3 a
next fixed point;

L the compensation portion of the third pipe length along the span of an expansion joint, i.e.

from a second offset pipe leg to the next guide or anchorage (see Figure B.6);
L span of supported pipework between fixed anchorages;
l buckling length (see Annex E);

L the compensation portion of a branch pipe, i.e. from the branch junction to the first guide or

anchorage along the branch (see Figure B.2);
l length of the pipe influencing the deflection (see Annex E);
L free length of a straight pipe (see Figure B.1);

L free length from a fixed point of the second leg of an L-shaped expansion joint (see

Figure B.4);

L the compensation portion of the second leg of an L-shaped expansion joint, i.e. from the elbow

to the next guide or anchorage (see Figure B.4);
L offset length of an expansion joint (see figures B.5 and B.6);
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)

L the compensation portion of the offset length of an expansion joint, i.e. from the first elbow to

the next guide, anchorage or elbow (see Figure B.3);
L length of pipe span between support centres (see Annex B and Annex E);
L maximum span width for pipe support (see Annex B);
S,max
M compaction classification: Moderate (see Table 5);
M bending moment (see Annex E);
N compaction classification: Not (see Table 5);
p internal pressure (see Annex E);

P , P fixed points associated with expansion joints in a piping system (see figures B.3 to B.6);

1 2
p critical negative pressure creating global buckling (see Annex E);
crit

Q net sum of all axial loads acting on the pipe and in the liquid column (see Annex E);

q sum of laterally distributed loads (see Annex E);
q linear load arising from the mass of the pipework itself (see Annex E);
Q critical buckling load for the pipe as a column (see Annex E);
crit

q linear load arising from the mass of liquid in a full pipe [see equation (E.8)];

q linear load arising from snow supported by the pipe [see equation (E.9)];
R ratio of offset to linear compensation piping lengths [see equation (B.9)];
R ratio of linear to offset compensation piping lengths [see equation (B.10)];
S initial specific stiffness (see Tables 1 and 2);
SN stiffness number or classification (see Tables 1 and 2);
W compaction classification: Well (see Table 5);
linear coefficient of thermal expansion;
deflection of pipe at midspan between supports;
+l thermal expansion;
l thermal contraction;
l variation in length;
L thermal expansion of a pipe in horizontal direction [see equation (B.5a)];
1,h
L thermal expansion of a pipe in vertical direction [see equation (B.5b)];
L,v
T temperature difference creating load;
correction factor (see Table E.5);
apparent specific weight of pipe wall material [see equation (E.7)];
specific weight of liquid contained in pipe in service [see equation (E.8)];
specific weight of snow (see Table E.5);
Poisson ratio (see Table E.5);
axial bending stress (see Annex E);
axial compressive bending stress (see Annex E);
c,b
critical axial compressive stress (see Annex E);
c,crit
maximum axial compressive stress (see Annex E);
c,max
axial compressive normal stress (see Annex E);
c,n
axial normal stress (see Annex E);
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)
allowable longitudinal stress in the pipe wall;
x,d
longitudinal stress in the pipe wall induced by internal pressure;
x,p
longitudinal stress in the pipe wall induced by distributed loads;
x,q

remaining longitudinal design stress capability in the pipe wall [see equation (B.3)];

x,r
longitudinal stress limit for long-term failure strength.
x,u,L
4 Transport, handling and storage at depots and sites
4.1 General

Plastics pipes may be supplied in straight lengths or coiled forms (either free standing or on drums).

NOTE Attention is drawn to the need for consideration of personnel safety during the transport, handling and storage,

especially in wet and cold weather conditions. Particular care should be exercised when decoiling coiled pipes as considerable

forces can be released.
Additional information should be given in the System Standards, if applicable.
4.2 Transport

NOTE Attention is drawn to the need to conform to national and/or local transport regulations.

4.2.1 When transporting pipes, use either flat-bed or purpose made vehicles. The bed shall be free

from nails and other protuberances.

4.2.2 Secure the pipes effectively before transporting them. Any side support post shall be flat and

free from sharp edges.

4.2.3 When loading socket-ended pipes, stack the pipes so that the sockets are not in contact with

adjacent pipes.
4.2.4 The largest diameter pipes should be placed on the bed of the vehicle.

4.2.5 Pipes should not be allowed to overhang the vehicle by more than five times the nominal size,

DN, expressed in metres or 2 m, whichever is the smaller. These recommendations may not apply

when rigid bundles of pipes are being transported.

4.2.6 When pipes and/or fittings require special transportation practices the manufacturer shall notify

the customer of the procedures to be used.
4.3 Handling
4.3.1 When handling the pipes, take care to prevent damage.

4.3.2 Plastics pipes can be damaged when in contact with sharp objects or if dropped, thrown or

dragged along the ground.

4.3.3 It is preferable to use fabric slings or rope to lift the pipe. Metal bars, slings, hooks or chains will

damage the pipe if they are used incorrectly. When loading or unloading pipes with fork lift equipment,

then only fork lift trucks with smooth forks should be used. Care should be taken to ensure that forks

do not strike the pipe when lifting.

4.3.4 The impact resistance of plastics pipes is reduced at very low temperatures and under these

conditions, take more care during handling.
4.4 Storage

4.4.1 Although plastics pipes are light, durable and resilient, take reasonable precautions during

storage.

4.4.2 Stack the pipes or coils on surfaces free from sharp objects, stones or projections. For the

maximum stacking height, see the referring standard.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)

When storing pipes in racks, ensure that any sockets lie alternately within the pile and project

sufficiently for the pipes to be correctly supported.

4.4.3 Where the pipes are supplied in coils, store them either vertically or stacked flat one on top of

the other, taking care to protect the pipes from extremes of temperature. For further information, see

the referring standard.

Each coil of pipe of nominal size greater than DN 90 should be stored vertically in purpose-built racks

or cradles. For further information, see the referring standard.

4.4.4 When straight pipes are stored on racks, these shall provide sufficient support to prevent

permanent deformation.

4.4.5 Do not place pipes or rubber seals in close proximity to fuels, solvents, oils, greases, paints or

heat sources.

4.4.6 For the recommended maximum storage period for pipes in direct sunlight, see the referring

standard.

4.4.7 In extreme climatic conditions special storage requirements may be necessary. Follow the

advice given in the manufacturer's technical data accordingly.

4.4.8 If pipes are supplied in a bundle or other packaging, the restraints and/or packaging should be

removed as late as possible prior to installation.
5 Installation
5.1 Pipes in trenches
5.1.1 Behaviour of flexible pipes under load

The behaviour of a pipe when subject to a load depends upon whether it is flexible or rigid. Plastics

pipes are flexible. When loaded a flexible pipe deflects and presses into the surrounding material. This

generates a reaction in the surrounding material which controls deflection of the pipe. The amount of

deflection which occurs is limited by the care exercised in the selection and laying of the bedding and

sidefill materials. Hence flexible pipes rely for their load-bearing properties on the bedding and sidefill

materials.

In the case of rigid pipes, the load on a pipe is borne primarily by the inherent strength of the pipe

material and when this load exceeds a limiting value the pipe breaks. Standards for rigid pipes,

therefore, usually include ultimate crushing strength tests to determine this limiting value and thus

assess the loadings which may be allowed above the installed pipe.

Flexible pipes on the other hand deflect under load and can be deflected to a high degree without

fracture. The level of deflection reached by a buried pipe depends on the properties of the surrounding

material and to a much less extent on the stiffness of the pipe but not on its strength properties. Hence

for flexible pipes the crushing strength test and design procedures applied to rigid pipes are not

appropriate.

When a flexible pipe is installed and backfilled it will be deflected. This is called the initial deflection.

The pipe continues slowly to have an increase in deflection but reaches a limiting value within a

reasonable period of time. The use of the installation procedures detailed in this prestandard will

minimize the levels of both the initial and final deflections. If the pipeline is pressurized then a

reduction in the amount of deflection will occur. A more detailed description of this behaviour is given

in Annex C.
5.1.2 Limiting deflection

There are several methods of structural design (see EN 1295-1:1997) that are used to estimate the

deflection of a pipe under load but, though they are capable of being in reasonable agreement, they do

not give exactly the same answers for a given condition. The values calculated are usually the

expected average deflections.
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SIST ENV 1046:2002
ENV 1046:2001 (E)

Pipes made from different materials have different limiting deflection levels. For the applicable

maximum permissible initial and, if appropriate, long-term deflection see the relevant System

Standard. If this installation prestandard is followed it is expected that the deflections will be less than

the limiting values given in the relevant System Standards.

Where it can be expected that a product covered by the System Standard may be delivered with some

distortion, e.g. pipes delivered in coils, then this should be stated. The average deflection is to be

assumed to be in addition to this distortion.
5.1.3 Design considerations
5.1.3.1 General

If it is essential to determine the soil conditions that relate to trench construction and pipe installation

prior to construction, the native soil and the backfill material shall be classified in accordance with

Annex A. The classification shall be used to choose a suitable pipe stiffness in accordance

with 5.1.3.2.

NOTE The classification will also indicate the areas of suitable materials for pipe zone backfill, so that importation of

material may be minimized. Native materials conforming to 5.1.6.3 and group 1, 2, 3 and 4 are all suitable as backfill in the

pipe zone. If backfill materials have to be imported it is suggested tha
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