Railway applications - Track - Demountable machines and associated equipment - Part 1: Technical requirements for running and working

This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self propelled demountable machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of these machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This European Standard applies to machines that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex F.
NOTE   Machines not intended for operating signalling and control systems are only permitted to run under special conditions and within areas specifically designated by the infrastructure manager.
Part 1 of this standard deals with the requirements for approval of machines by an authorised body; part 2 deals with the requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of machines classified in Machinery Directive, Annex 4 which requires conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the purchaser;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on demountable machines and associated equipment.

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Ausgleisbare Maschinen und zugehörige Ausstattung - Teil 1: Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren und den Arbeitseinsatz

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines déraillables et éléments associés - Partie 1: Prescriptions techniques pour la circulation et le travail

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj proge - Motorna vozila za posebne namene in pripadajoča oprema - 1. del: Tehnične zahteve za vožnjo in delovanje

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Sep-2009
Technical Committee
Current Stage
98 - Abandoned project (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Jan-2014
Due Date
01-Feb-2014
Completion Date
27-Jan-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
01-september-2009
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VSUHPOMDMRþDRSUHPDGHO7HKQLþQH]DKWHYHNLVHQDQDãDMRQDYRåQMRLQQD
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Railway applications - Track - Demountable machines and associated equipment - Part

1: Technical requirements for running and working
Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Ausgleisbare Maschinen und zugehörige Ausstattung -
Teil 1: Technische Anforderungen an das Fahren und den Arbeitseinsatz

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines déraillables et éléments associés - Partie 1:

Prescriptions techniques pour la circulation et le travail
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 15955-1
ICS:
45.060.20 Železniški vagoni Trailing stock
45.120 2SUHPD]DJUDGQMRLQ Equipment for
Y]GUåHYDQMHåHOH]QLFR] railway/cableway
åLþQLF construction and
maintenance
oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 15955-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2009
ICS
English Version
Railway applications - Track - Demountable machines and
associated equipment - Part 1: Technical requirements for
running and working

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Machines déraillables et Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Ausgleisbare Maschinen

éléments associés - Partie 1: Prescriptions techniques pour und zugehörige Ausstattung - Teil 1: Technische

la circulation et le travail Anforderungen an das Fahren und den Arbeitseinsatz

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 256.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 15955-1:2009: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
prEN 15955-1:2009 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7

1.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................7

1.2 Validity of this European Standard ......................................................................................................8

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................8

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9

4 Machine categorization ...................................................................................................................... 13

4.1 Categories ........................................................................................................................................... 13

5 Railway specific safety requirements and/ or measures ................................................................ 14

5.1 Gauge ................................................................................................................................................... 14

5.1.1 Running gauge .................................................................................................................................... 14

5.1.2 Demountable machine in running configuration ............................................................................. 14

5.1.3 Working limit ....................................................................................................................................... 15

5.1.4 Determination of lateral limit of exceedance allowed on curves in working configuration ........ 16

5.1.5 Limits in lower area in working and running configuration ........................................................... 16

5.1.6 Working limit in the upper area ......................................................................................................... 17

5.2 Interaction with the infrastructure .................................................................................................... 17

5.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2.2 Main wheels ......................................................................................................................................... 18

5.2.3 Auxiliary wheels, auxiliary guides and working parts .................................................................... 18

5.2.4 Loads applied to the ballast .............................................................................................................. 19

5.2.5 Loads applied to the formation ......................................................................................................... 19

5.2.6 Forces on structures as a function of axle load configurations .................................................... 19

5.3 Running safety equipment ................................................................................................................. 20

5.4 Running safety and prevention of derailment ................................................................................. 20

5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4.2 Running safety for demountable machines running at a speed of 60 km/h < v ≤ 100 km/h ....... 20

5.4.3 Running safety for demountable machines running at a speed of < 60 km/ h ............................. 20

5.4.4 Track test for all machines ................................................................................................................ 21

5.4.5 Lifeguards ............................................................................................................................................ 21

5.5 Stability and prevention of overturning ........................................................................................... 21

5.6 Machine frame and structure ............................................................................................................. 22

5.6.1 Design of the machine frame ............................................................................................................. 22

5.6.2 Lifting and jacking points .................................................................................................................. 22

5.7 Inter machine couplings .................................................................................................................... 23

5.8 Running gear ....................................................................................................................................... 24

5.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.8.2 Distribution of the wheelset forces in running configuration ........................................................ 24

5.8.3 Machine rail wheel base ..................................................................................................................... 24

5.8.4 Rail wheel, wheel profile .................................................................................................................... 25

5.8.5 Rail wheel arrangements ................................................................................................................... 26

5.8.6 Load on rail wheels............................................................................................................................. 26

5.8.7 Load on rail wheels in working condition ........................................................................................ 27

5.8.8 Operation of spring loaded points .................................................................................................... 29

5.9 Rail wheel suspension ....................................................................................................................... 29

5.9.1 Rail wheel suspension systems ........................................................................................................ 29

5.9.2 Active suspension .............................................................................................................................. 29

5.9.3 Positively locked suspension ............................................................................................................ 29

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5.9.4 All suspension systems ...................................................................................................................... 29

5.10 Braking ................................................................................................................................................. 29

5.10.1 General braking requirements ........................................................................................................... 29

5.10.2 Specific requirements for continuous air brake system ................................................................. 30

5.11 Driving and working cabs and places ............................................................................................... 31

5.12 Controls ................................................................................................................................................ 31

5.13 Visibility and audibility of the machine ............................................................................................. 31

5.13.1 Lighting in running configuration – marker lights ........................................................................... 31

5.13.2 Tail lamps ............................................................................................................................................. 32

5.13.3 Lighting with failed engine ................................................................................................................. 32

5.13.4 Lamp brackets ..................................................................................................................................... 32

5.13.5 Light switching arrangements ........................................................................................................... 34

5.13.6 Head lights ........................................................................................................................................... 34

5.13.7 Lighting in working configuration ..................................................................................................... 34

5.13.8 Horns in running configuration ......................................................................................................... 34

5.13.9 Colour of the machine ......................................................................................................................... 34

5.14 Warning systems for personnel of traffic on adjacent lines in working configuration................ 35

5.14.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 35

5.14.2 Acoustic warning systems ................................................................................................................. 35

5.14.3 Optical warning devices ..................................................................................................................... 35

5.14.4 Platform to set up a warning unit ...................................................................................................... 35

5.15 Electrical equipment and earth bonding ........................................................................................... 35

5.15.1 Equi-potential bonding ....................................................................................................................... 35

5.15.2 Antennae .............................................................................................................................................. 36

5.15.3 Pantograph ........................................................................................................................................... 36

5.16 Electro-magnetic compatibility .......................................................................................................... 36

5.16.1 Emissions from demountable machines .......................................................................................... 36

5.16.2 Immunity of demountable machines from railway environment .................................................... 36

5.17 Power supply ....................................................................................................................................... 37

5.18 Failure recovery ................................................................................................................................... 37

5.18.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 37

5.18.2 Towing devices .................................................................................................................................... 37

5.18.3 Emergency device ............................................................................................................................... 37

5.19 On and off tracking .............................................................................................................................. 37

5.19.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 37

5.19.2 Use of turntables ................................................................................................................................. 38

5.20 Setting up and packing away ............................................................................................................. 38

5.20.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 38

5.20.2 Emergency recovery of equipment ................................................................................................... 38

5.21 Mobile elevating work platform (MEWP) and excavators/ loaders used as MEWPs .................... 38

5.22 General and railway specific attachments ........................................................................................ 38

5.22.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 38

5.22.2 General attachments for raising and lowering personnel ............................................................... 38

5.22.3 Railway specific attachments with rail guidance wheels ................................................................ 39

5.23 Exhaust ................................................................................................................................................. 39

6 Marking and numbering of the machine ........................................................................................... 39

6.1 Warning signs and pictograms .......................................................................................................... 39

6.2 Machine identification number .......................................................................................................... 39

6.3 Identification plate and details of the railway infrastructure where the machine is allowed

to work .................................................................................................................................................. 39

7 User information .................................................................................................................................. 39

8 Verification of the conformity to the requirements and/ or particular safety measures .............. 41

Annex A (informative) Special national conditions ....................................................................................... 42

Annex B (normative) Check list for conformity ............................................................................................. 46

Annex C (normative) Certificates .................................................................................................................... 50

C.1 Certificate of type approval to prEN xxxzz-1:2009 ........................................................................... 50

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C.2 Conformance control document for the technical requirements of prEN XXXZZ – 1:2009 ....... 51

C.2.1 Machine identification ........................................................................................................................ 51

Annex D (normative) Machine numbering structure .................................................................................... 53

D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 53

Annex E (informative) Machine identification plate ...................................................................................... 56

Annex F (informative) Structure of European standards for track construction and maintenance

machines ............................................................................................................................................. 57

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 58

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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
prEN 15955-1:2009 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 15955-1:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

Directive 2004/17/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 coordinating the

procurement procedures of entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors .

"Railway applications — Track — Demountable machines and associated equipment" consists of the following

parts:
 Part 1: Technical requirements for running and working;
 Part 2: General safety requirements.
1) Official Journal of the European Communities No L 134 of 30.04.04
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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
prEN 15955-1:2009 (E)
Introduction

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situation and events are covered are

indicated in the scope of this European Standard.

This European Standard was prepared to meet the basic requirements of EU Directives to facilitate an open

market for goods and services.
Demountable machines as specified in 3.1 form the object of this standard.

This standard deals with railway specific risks of the demountable machines, defined in clause 4 when running

and working on railway infrastructures.

The safety requirements in relation to the Machinery Directive are dealt with in prEN xxxzz-2 of this series of

standards.
Deviations or special national conditions are dealt with in Annex A.

The risks which exist in all mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic and other components of machines

and which are dealt with in the relevant European Standards are not within the scope of this European

Standard. If necessary, references are made to appropriate standards of this type.

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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
prEN 15955-1:2009 (E)
1 Scope
1.1 General

This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self

propelled demountable machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which

can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of these machines when carried out

in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This

European Standard applies to machines that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other

similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex F.

NOTE Machines not intended for operating signalling and control systems are only permitted to run under special

conditions and within areas specifically designated by the infrastructure manager.

Part 1 of this standard deals with the requirements for approval of machines by an authorised body; part 2

deals with the requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the

case of machines classified in Machinery Directive, Annex 4 which requires conformity check in conjunction

with a notified body.

Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines

of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground

infrastructures.

This European Standard is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working

configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
 requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;

 specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of machines,

which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the purchaser;

 separate machines temporarily mounted on demountable machines and associated equipment.

This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:

 operation subject to special rules, e. g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
 hazards due to natural causes, e. g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
 working methods;

 operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in

cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as freezing temperatures, high temperatures,

corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic

fields;
 hazards due to errors in software;
 hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.

Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European

Standards, see Annex F.
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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
prEN 15955-1:2009 (E)
1.2 Validity of this European Standard

This European Standard applies to all demountable machines, which are ordered one year after the

publication date by CEN of this standard.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 286-3, Simple unfired pressure vessels designed to contain air or nitrogen — Part 3: Steel pressure

vessels designed for air braking equipment and auxiliary pneumatic equipment for railway rolling stock

EN 791, Drill rigs — Safety

EN ISO 12100-1 Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic

terminology, methodology

EN 12663, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies

EN 13309, Construction machinery — Electromagnetic compatibility of machines with internal electrical

power supply
EN 13715, Railway applications — Wheelsets and bogies — Wheels — Wheels tread

prEN 14033-1:2008, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance machines —

Part 1: Technical requirements for running

EN 14033-2:2008, Railway applications — Track — Railbound construction and maintenance machines —

Part 2: Technical requirements for working

EN 14363:2005, Railway applications — Testing for the acceptance of running characteristics of railway

vehicles — Testing of running behaviour and stationary tests
EN 15273-2, Railway Applications — Gauges — Part 2: Rolling stock gauge

EN 50121-3-1:2006, Railway applications — Electromagnetic compatibility — Part 3-1: Rolling stock; Train

and complete vehicle

EN 50121-3-2:2007, Railway applications — Electromagnetic compatibility — Part 3-2: Rolling stock;

Apparatus

EN 50122-1, Railway applications — Fixed installations — Part 1: Protective provisions relating to electrical

safety and earthing
EN 60947 series, Low-voltage and switchgear and controlgear

prEN xxxyy-1:2009, Railway applications — Track — Trailers and associated equipment — Part 1: Technical

requirements for running and working

prEN xxxyy-2:2009; Railway applications — Track — Trailers and associated equipment — Part 2: General

safety requirements

prEN xxxzz-2:2009, Railway applications — Track — Demountable machines and associated equipment —

Part 2: General safety requirements
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oSIST prEN 15955-1:2009
prEN 15955-1:2009 (E)

UIC 541-1:2003, Brakes — Regulations concerning the construction of the various brake components

UIC 577:2005, Wagons; stresses
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1 and the following apply.

3.1
demountable machine

machine that can run and work on rail and which is not intended to operate signalling and control systems

NOTE 1 Such a machine is designed to get on and off track by its own means or with other lifting equipment. In the

case of demounting by its own means these are not intended for running on the ground.

NOTE 2 Such a machine is permitted to work on the railway only under special operating conditions granted by the

infrastructure manager and run under special conditions granted by the authorised body and/or the

infrastructure manager.
3.2
road-rail machine
self propelled machine that can run on rails and ground

NOTE 1 It is normally a road vehicle adapted for running on rail also, but can be also a specially designed rail vehicle

for running on the ground also.

NOTE 2 It does not imply that the machine is suitable for use on the public road.

3.3
trailer
non-self propelled machine that can be hauled on rail wheels

NOTE Trailers are not intended to operate signalling and control systems and are not designed to be transported

between work areas on their rail wheels.
3.5
railbound machine

machine that can run and work only on rail and is transported on its rail wheels. The machine is specifically

designed to operate signalling and control systems and is intended for infrastructure work. The machine can

be self propelled or hauled
3.6
trolley

equipment for transport along track of materials, tools and/or various equipment, moving on wheels or runners

and operated only by human force. It is designed so that it can be manually placed on or off the track

3.7
portable machine
...

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