Railway applications - Track - Trailers and associated equipment - Part 2: General safety requirements

This European Standard deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to trailers, as defined in the scope of prEN xxxyy-1:2009, intended for construction, maintenance and/or inspection of the railway infrastructure, emergency rescue and recovery, when they are used as intended by the manufacturer, see clause 4. The manufacturer shall give warning of the risks concerning the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable.
This European Standard deals with the common hazards during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, running on track, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the trailers.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. They can be subject of negotiation between manufacturer and the operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the trailers, and also the hazards presented by the following specific trailer functions:
-   track renewal;
-   rail maintenance;
-   craning;
-   catenary renewal / maintenance;
-   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
-   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
-   tunnel inspection / ventilation;
   emergency rescue and recovery
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
This European Standard applies to trailers that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.
It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a road-rail trailer will offer an acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. This specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Anhänger und zugehörige Ausstattung - Teil 2: Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Remorques et éléments associés - Partie 2: Prescriptions générales pour la sécurité

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj - Vlečena vozila za posebne namene in spremljajoča oprema - 2. del: Splošne varnostne zahteve

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Sep-2009
Technical Committee
Current Stage
98 - Abandoned project (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Jan-2014
Due Date
01-Feb-2014
Completion Date
27-Jan-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
01-september-2009
äHOH]QLãNHQDSUDYH=JRUQMLXVWURM9OHþHQDYR]LOD]DSRVHEQHQDPHQHLQ
VSUHPOMDMRþDRSUHPDGHO6SORãQHYDUQRVWQH]DKWHYH

Railway applications - Track - Trailers and associated equipment - Part 2: General safety

requirements
Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Anhänger und zugehörige Ausstattung - Teil 2:
Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen
Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Remorques et éléments associés - Partie 2:
Prescriptions générales pour la sécurité
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 15954-2
ICS:
45.060.20 Železniški vagoni Trailing stock
45.120 2SUHPD]DJUDGQMRLQ Equipment for
Y]GUåHYDQMHåHOH]QLFR] railway/cableway
åLþQLF construction and
maintenance
oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 15954-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2009
ICS
English Version
Railway applications - Track - Trailers and associated equipment
- Part 2: General safety requirements

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Remorques et éléments Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Anhänger und zugehörige

associés - Partie 2: Prescriptions générales pour la sécurité Ausstattung - Teil 2: Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 256.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 15954-2:2009: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
prEN 15954-2:2009 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................8

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 12

4 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................. 12

5 General safety requirements and/or measures ............................................................................... 13

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.2 Access and egress to and from working places ............................................................................. 13

5.2.1 Cabs ..................................................................................................................................................... 13

5.2.2 Working places, places for control and maintenance outside of cabs ......................................... 14

5.2.3 Walkways on the trailer ...................................................................................................................... 14

5.3 Ergonomics ......................................................................................................................................... 15

5.4 Requirements for cabs ....................................................................................................................... 15

5.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.4.2 Minimum dimensions in cabs ............................................................................................................ 15

5.4.3 Cab floors ............................................................................................................................................ 15

5.4.4 Emergency exit ................................................................................................................................... 15

5.4.5 Climatic conditions in cab ................................................................................................................. 15

5.4.6 Protection from dust .......................................................................................................................... 15

5.4.7 Visibility from cabs ............................................................................................................................. 16

5.4.8 Windows on trailers fitted with cabs ................................................................................................ 18

5.4.9 Storage for instruction handbook ..................................................................................................... 19

5.5 Seats .................................................................................................................................................... 19

5.5.1 Seats for the operator(s) .................................................................................................................... 19

5.5.2 Additional seats .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.6 Standing places .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.7 Edges and corners.............................................................................................................................. 19

5.8 Pipes and hoses.................................................................................................................................. 20

5.9 Communications between work positions ....................................................................................... 20

5.10 Prevention of derailment .................................................................................................................... 20

5.10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.10.2 Lifeguards ............................................................................................................................................ 20

5.11 Stability and measures preventing overturning .............................................................................. 20

5.11.1 Stability against overturning in road configuration ........................................................................ 20

5.11.2 Proof of stability against overturning, trailer stationary ................................................................ 20

5.11.3 Prevention of derailment during running and when moving along the track in working

configuration ....................................................................................................................................... 22

5.11.4 Rated capacity indicator (RCI) ........................................................................................................... 24

5.12 Emergency stopping devices ............................................................................................................ 24

5.12.1 Emergency stopping devices for movement of the trailer and working equipment ................... 24

5.12.2 Action of emergency stopping devices ............................................................................................ 24

5.13 Moving parts and materials ............................................................................................................... 25

5.14 Operator’s controls and indicators ................................................................................................... 25

5.14.1 General requirement ........................................................................................................................... 25

5.14.2 Starting system ................................................................................................................................... 26

5.14.3 Inadvertent activation ......................................................................................................................... 26

5.14.4 Pedals .................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.14.5 Protection against uncontrolled motion in working configuration ............................................... 26

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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
prEN 15954-2:2009 (E)

5.14.6 Control panels and indicators ............................................................................................................ 27

5.14.7 Remote controls .................................................................................................................................. 27

5.15 Thermal hazards .................................................................................................................................. 27

5.16 Electrical system ................................................................................................................................. 28

5.16.1 Electrical equipment ........................................................................................................................... 28

5.16.2 Disconnection devices ........................................................................................................................ 28

5.16.3 Working environment .......................................................................................................................... 28

5.16.4 Conductors, cables and wiring practices ......................................................................................... 28

5.16.5 Batteries ............................................................................................................................................... 28

5.16.6 Catenaries ............................................................................................................................................ 29

5.16.7 Equi-potential bonding ....................................................................................................................... 30

5.16.8 Antennae .............................................................................................................................................. 30

5.17 Trailer safety requirements related to electromagnetic compatibility ........................................... 30

5.18 Emission of gas and particles ............................................................................................................ 31

5.19 Pressurised systems ........................................................................................................................... 31

5.20 Fuel tanks and hydraulic tanks .......................................................................................................... 31

5.21 Noise ..................................................................................................................................................... 31

5.22 Vibration ............................................................................................................................................... 32

5.22.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 32

5.22.2 Whole body vibration .......................................................................................................................... 32

5.22.3 Hand arm vibration .............................................................................................................................. 32

5.23 Protection from the risks of fire ......................................................................................................... 32

5.23.1 General risk assessment .................................................................................................................... 32

5.23.2 Fire fighting equipment ....................................................................................................................... 32

5.23.3 Material requirements ......................................................................................................................... 33

5.23.4 Fire extinguishing system .................................................................................................................. 33

5.24 Braking systems .................................................................................................................................. 33

5.24.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 33

5.24.2 Holding on gradients ........................................................................................................................... 36

5.24.3 Break away braking of trailers ........................................................................................................... 36

5.24.4 Trailer service brake ............................................................................................................................ 36

5.24.5 Air continuous service brake for hauled vehicles ........................................................................... 36

5.25 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 36

5.26 Warning systems ................................................................................................................................. 37

5.27 Maintenance ......................................................................................................................................... 37

5.27.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 37

5.27.2 Frequent maintenance ........................................................................................................................ 37

5.27.3 Support devices ................................................................................................................................... 37

5.27.4 Unauthorised access to the engine compartment ........................................................................... 38

5.28 Safe handling ....................................................................................................................................... 38

6 Additional safety requirements or measures for specific trailer functions .................................. 38

6.1 Conveyors ............................................................................................................................................ 38

6.2 Cranes and lifting devices fixed on the trailer.................................................................................. 38

6.3 Transport of loads by machines used for lifting .............................................................................. 39

6.4 Elevating work platforms .................................................................................................................... 39

7 Verification of the conformity to the requirements and/or particular safety measures ............... 39

7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39

7.2 Methods of examination ..................................................................................................................... 39

7.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39

7.2.2 Visual exam .......................................................................................................................................... 39

7.2.3 Measurement ....................................................................................................................................... 39

7.2.4 Functional test ..................................................................................................................................... 39

7.2.5 Load test(s) .......................................................................................................................................... 39

7.2.6 Specific verification/measurements and other controls ................................................................. 40

8 Information for use .............................................................................................................................. 40

8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 40

8.2 Instruction handbook .......................................................................................................................... 40

8.2.1 Specific information in instruction handbook .................................................................................. 40

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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
prEN 15954-2:2009 (E)

8.2.2 Restrictions of use.............................................................................................................................. 42

8.2.3 Mass of the trailer in working condition ........................................................................................... 42

8.2.4 Stability of the trailer .......................................................................................................................... 42

8.2.5 Conformance to the lateral limit of work .......................................................................................... 42

8.2.6 Opening and closing the trailer ......................................................................................................... 42

8.2.7 Locking of tools and equipment ....................................................................................................... 42

8.2.8 Devices to prevent access to an operating track ............................................................................ 43

8.2.9 Work places situated outside the running gauge ........................................................................... 43

8.2.10 Warning systems ................................................................................................................................ 43

8.2.11 Testing of warning systems .............................................................................................................. 43

8.2.12 Information for maintenance ............................................................................................................. 43

8.2.13 Trailing loads ....................................................................................................................................... 43

8.2.14 Vibration .............................................................................................................................................. 44

8.3 Warning signs and written warnings ................................................................................................ 45

8.4 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 45

Annex A (normative) List of significant hazards .......................................................................................... 47

Annex B (normative) Check list for conformity ............................................................................................ 50

Annex C (normative) Noise test code (grade of accuracy 2) ....................................................................... 55

C.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................... 55

C.2 Definitions ........................................................................................................................................... 55

C.3 Determination of the emission sound pressure level at the work station or other specified

positions .............................................................................................................................................. 55

C.4 Sound power level determination ..................................................................................................... 55

C.5 Installation and mounting conditions ............................................................................................... 56

C.6 Operating conditions .......................................................................................................................... 56

C.7 Measurement uncertainties ............................................................................................................... 57

C.8 Information to be recorded ................................................................................................................ 58

C.9 Information to be reported ................................................................................................................. 58

C.10 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 58

Annex D (informative) Structure of European standards for track construction and maintenance

machines ............................................................................................................................................. 61

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive Machinery 98/37/EC, amended by 98/79/EC ................................. 62

Annex ZB (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ...................................................................................... 63

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 64

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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
prEN 15954-2:2009 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 15954-2:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

Applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EC Directive(s).

For relationship with EC Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this

document.

“Railway applications – Track – Trailers and associated equipment” consists of the following parts:

 Part 1: Technical requirements for running and working;
 Part 2: General safety requirements.
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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
prEN 15954-2:2009 (E)
Introduction
This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

The trailers concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this European Standard.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type B standards, the

provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for trailers that

have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
prEN 15954-2:2009 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to

trailers, as defined in the scope of prEN xxxyy-1:2009, intended for construction, maintenance and/or

inspection of the railway infrastructure, emergency rescue and recovery, when they are used as intended by

the manufacturer, see clause 4. The manufacturer shall give warning of the risks concerning the conditions of

misuse which are reasonably foreseeable.

This European Standard deals with the common hazards during transport, assembly and installation,

commissioning, running on track, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation,

cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the trailers.

NOTE Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. They can be

subject of negotiation between manufacturer and the operator.

The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the trailers, and also the hazards

presented by the following specific trailer functions:
 track renewal;
 rail maintenance;
 craning;
 catenary renewal / maintenance;
 maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
 inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
 tunnel inspection / ventilation;
 emergency rescue and recovery
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.

This European Standard applies to trailers that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems.

Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.

It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a road-rail trailer will offer an

acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. This specific aspect is not dealt with in

this European Standard.
This European Standard does not deal with:

 requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of trailers;

 specific requirements established by a railway infrastructure manager;

 negotiations between the manufacturer and the trailer operator for additional or alternative requirements;

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oSIST prEN 15954-2:2009
prEN 15954-2:2009 (E)
 requirements for use and running of the trailer on public highway;

 hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h;

 requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as:

 extreme ambient temperatures (tropical or polar);

 highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;

 potentially explosive atmospheres.

This European Standard applies to all trailers that are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of

this standard.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this European Standard. For

dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 280, Mobile elevating work platforms — Design calculations, stability criteria, construction, safety,

examinations and tests

EN 294, Safety of machinery; safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the upper limbs

EN 349, Safety of machinery; minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

EN 474 series, Earth-moving machinery — Safety

EN 547-1, Safety of machinery — Human body measurements — Part 1: Principles for determining the

dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery
EN 547-2,
...

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