Railway applications - Infrastructure - Demountable machines, trailers and associated equipment - General safety and technical requirements for travelling and working

This European Standard specifies the requirements for demountable machines and trailers, including road-rail trailers – henceforward referred to as ‘machines’.
This European Standard specifies the requirements to deal with the common hazards during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling and working on track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines and associated equipment when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable; see Clause [tba].
This European standard deals with the requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer to the Machinery Directive (2006/42/EC), see Annex ZA, together with additional specific technical railway requirements.
These machines are not designed nor intended to operate signalling and control systems and are only designed and intended to work and travel under special operating conditions specifically designated by the infrastructure manager. These machines are not classified as ‘vehicles’ as defined in the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC and are not permitted to run on the railway lines open to normal traffic. Other machines are dealt with in other European Standards; see Annex [tba].
Additional requirements can apply for travelling and working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of urban rail, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable to machines and associated equipment that in working mode are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, as well as the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
- excavation;
- ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
- track renewal;
- rail maintenance;
- craning;
- catenary renewal / maintenance;
- maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
- inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
- tunnel inspection / ventilation;
- shunting;
- emergency rescue and recovery;
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
- requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
- specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation;
- separate equipment temporarily mounted on machines.
- machines that utilise the catenary for traction purposes;
- hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 200 km/h
This European Standard does not establish additional requirements for the following:
- operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
- hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
- working methods;
- operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions (below – 20 °C or above + 40 °C), corrosive environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
- hazards due to errors in software;
- hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
The maximum speed allowed for these machines is likely to be limited by the infrastructure manager; compliance with the clauses of this standard does not confer permission for machines to travel at this speed.
It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a demountable machine will offer an acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. This specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.

Bahnanwendungen - Infrastrukur - Ausgleisbare Maschinen, Anhänger und zugehörige Ausstattung - Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen und technische Anforderungen an das Fahren und den Arbeitseinsatz

Applications ferroviaires - Infrastructure - Machines déraillables, remorques et éléments associés - Prescriptions techniques pour la circulation et le travail

Le présent document spécifie les exigences applicables aux machines déraillables et aux remorques, notamment les remorques rail-route – désignées ci-après les « machines ».
NOTE   Les remorques sont considérées comme des machines, car elles sont déplacées le long de la voie par des machines motorisées.
Le présent document spécifie les exigences pour traiter les risques qui se produisent couramment durant le transport, l'assemblage et l'installation, la réception, la circulation et le travail sur voie, l'utilisation (y compris montage, programmation et changement des procédés), l'exploitation, le nettoyage, la localisation des défauts, l'entretien et la radiation des machines et des équipements associés lorsqu'ils sont utilisés dans les conditions prévues et dans les mauvaises conditions d'emploi qui peuvent être raisonnablement anticipées ; voir 5.1.
Ces machines ne sont pas conçues ou prévues pour interagir avec les systèmes de signalisation et de commande en exploitation ; elles sont uniquement destinées à se déplacer et à travailler dans des conditions particulières d'exploitation conformément à celles généralement exigées par les gestionnaires d'infrastructure. Ces machines ne sont pas autorisées à circuler sur les lignes ferroviaires ouvertes au trafic normal. Les autres machines d'inspection de l'infrastructure et d'entretien ferroviaire montées sur rail sont traitées dans d'autres Normes européennes (voir Rapport technique 00256884).
Le présent document spécifie les exigences pour le déplacement et le travail sur tous les réseaux ferroviaires, y compris le réseau ferroviaire urbain. Des exigences supplémentaires peuvent s'appliquer pour la circulation et le travail sur les infrastructures ferroviaires à voies larges ou étroites, et sur les chemins de fer autres que ceux à adhérence rail/roue.
Le présent document s'applique aussi aux machines et aux équipements associés qui, en mode travail, prennent partiellement appui sur le ballast ou sur la plate-forme.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas :
—   aux exigences relatives à la qualité du travail ou aux performances de la machine ;
—   aux ajouts ou modifications apportés aux exigences du présent document et fixés par l'exploitant d'infrastructure ferroviaire ;
—   aux équipements distincts montés pour une durée temporaire sur des machines ;
—   aux machines utilisant la caténaire pour la traction ou comme source d'alimentation ;
—   aux phénomènes dangereux dus à la pression de l'air causée par le passage des trains à grande vitesse à plus de 200 km/h.
Le présent document n'entend pas non plus définir des exigences supplémentaires pour les aspects suivants :
—   mise en œuvre de la machine dans des conditions faisant l'objet de règles spéciales, par exemple atmosphère potentiellement explosive ;
—   risques dus à des causes naturelles, par exemple tremblement de terre, foudre, inondation ;
—   méthodes de travail ;
—   exploitation dans des conditions de travail sévères exigeant des mesures particulières, par exemple : conditions climatiques extrêmes (en dessous de - 20 °C ou au-dessus de + 40 °C), environnements corrosifs ou contaminants, champs magnétiques de forte intensité ;
—   dangers dus aux mouvements de charges librement suspendues susceptibles de se balancer.

Železniške naprave - Infrastruktura - Vlečni stroji, priklopni vagoni in pripadajoča oprema - Splošne varnostne in tehnične zahteve za vožnjo in delovanje

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-May-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
98 - Abandoned project (Adopted Project)
Start Date
23-Aug-2022
Due Date
28-Aug-2022
Completion Date
23-Aug-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 15955:2020
01-junij-2020

Železniške naprave - Infrastruktura - Vlečni stroji, priklopni vagoni in pripadajoča

oprema - Splošne varnostne in tehnične zahteve za vožnjo in delovanje

Railway applications - Infrastructure - Demountable machines, trailers and associated

equipment - General safety and technical requirements for travelling and working
Bahnanwendungen - Infrastrukur - Ausgleisbare Maschinen, Anhänger und zugehörige

Ausstattung - Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen und technische Anforderungen an

das Fahren und den Arbeitseinsatz

Applications ferroviaires - Infrastructure - Machines déraillables, remorques et éléments

associés - Prescriptions techniques pour la circulation et le travail
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 15955
ICS:
45.060.20 Železniški vagoni Trailing stock
45.120 Oprema za gradnjo in Equipment for
vzdrževanje železnic oz. railway/cableway
žičnic construction and
maintenance
oSIST prEN 15955:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 15955:2020
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oSIST prEN 15955:2020
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 15955
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2020
ICS 45.060.20; 45.120 Will supersede EN 15954-1:2013, EN 15954-2:2013,
EN 15955-1:2013, EN 15955-2:2013
English Version
Railway applications - Infrastructure - Demountable
machines, trailers and associated equipment - General
safety and technical requirements for travelling and
working

Applications ferroviaires - Infrastructure - Machines Bahnanwendungen - Infrastrukur - Ausgleisbare

déraillables, remorques et éléments associés - Maschinen, Anhänger und zugehörige Ausstattung -

Prescriptions techniques pour la circulation et le Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen und technische

travail Anforderungen an das Fahren und den Arbeitseinsatz

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 256.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 15955:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 15955:2020
prEN 15955:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword .................................................................................................................................................... 10

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................. 11

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................. 12

1.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 12

1.2 Validity of this document ........................................................................................................................... 13

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................. 13

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................. 16

4 Hazards and categories............................................................................................................................... 19

4.1 List of significant hazards .......................................................................................................................... 19

4.2 Examples of demountable machines and trailers ............................................................................. 19

4.3 Attachment with rail wheels ..................................................................................................................... 19

5 Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................. 20

5.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.2 Ergonomics ...................................................................................................................................................... 21

5.3 Gauge ................................................................................................................................................................. 21

5.3.1 Travelling mode gauge ................................................................................................................................ 21

5.3.2 Stowing of moveable equipment in travelling mode ....................................................................... 22

5.3.3 Working limit ................................................................................................................................................. 22

5.3.4 Determination of lateral limit of exceedance allowed on curves in working mode ............. 22

5.3.5 Limits in lower area in working and travelling mode ..................................................................... 23

5.3.6 Working limit in the upper area .............................................................................................................. 23

5.4 Interaction with the infrastructure ........................................................................................................ 24

5.4.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.4.2 Loads applied to the ballast ...................................................................................................................... 24

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5.4.3 Loads applied to the formation ............................................................................................................... 24

5.4.4 Wheel load ....................................................................................................................................................... 24

5.5 Running safety equipment ........................................................................................................................ 24

5.6 Safety against derailment .......................................................................................................................... 24

5.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.6.2 Safety against derailment for machines with a maximum travelling speed of greater

than 60 km/h .................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.6.3 Safety against derailment for machines with a maximum travelling speed of

v ≤ 60 km/h ..................................................................................................................................................... 24

5.6.4 Railhead clearing devices .......................................................................................................................... 25

5.7 Stability and prevention of overturning .............................................................................................. 25

5.8 Machine frame and structure ................................................................................................................... 25

5.8.1 Design of the machine frame for machines with a maximum speed greater than

30 km/h ............................................................................................................................................................ 25

5.8.2 Design of the machine frame for machines with a maximum speed of 30 km/h or less .... 25

5.8.3 Lifting and jacking points .......................................................................................................................... 25

5.9 Inter machine couplings............................................................................................................................. 26

5.9.1 Couplings ......................................................................................................................................................... 26

5.9.2 Special case for trailer that cannot be coupled with other trailers ............................................ 26

5.10 Running gear .................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.11 Rail wheel suspension ................................................................................................................................ 26

5.12 Braking ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.12.2 Holding on gradients ................................................................................................................................... 27

5.12.3 General braking requirements ................................................................................................................ 28

5.12.4 Braking of towing machines ..................................................................................................................... 28

5.12.5 Braking of trailers ........................................................................................................................................ 28

5.12.6 Break away braking of trailers ................................................................................................................ 29

5.12.7 Specific requirements for continuous air service brake system ................................................. 29

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5.12.8 Air continuous brake for trailers ............................................................................................................ 29

5.13 Driving and working cabs and places .................................................................................................... 29

5.13.1 Requirement to fit cab ................................................................................................................................ 29

5.13.2 Minimum dimensions in cabs ................................................................................................................... 30

5.13.3 Cab floors ......................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.13.4 Emergency exit .............................................................................................................................................. 30

5.13.5 Climatic conditions in cab .......................................................................................................................... 30

5.13.6 Protection from dust .................................................................................................................................... 30

5.13.7 Visibility from driving position ............................................................................................................... 30

5.13.8 Windows ........................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.13.9 Storage for instruction handbook ........................................................................................................... 31

5.14 Access and egress to and from working places .................................................................................. 32

5.14.1 Cabs .................................................................................................................................................................... 32

5.14.2 Working places, places for control and maintenance outside of cabs ....................................... 32

5.14.3 Walkways on the machine ......................................................................................................................... 33

5.15 Seats ................................................................................................................................................................... 33

5.16 Standing places .............................................................................................................................................. 33

5.17 Edges and corners ......................................................................................................................................... 33

5.18 Pipes and hoses ............................................................................................................................................. 33

5.19 Communications between work positions .......................................................................................... 33

5.20 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 33

5.20.1 General requirement ................................................................................................................................... 33

5.20.2 Starting system .............................................................................................................................................. 35

5.20.3 Inadvertent activation ................................................................................................................................ 35

5.20.4 Pedals ................................................................................................................................................................ 35

5.20.5 Protection against uncontrolled motion in working mode ........................................................... 35

5.20.6 Control panels and indicators .................................................................................................................. 35

5.20.7 Remote controls ............................................................................................................................................ 35

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5.20.8 Data recorder ................................................................................................................................................. 35

5.21 Visibility and audibility of the machine................................................................................................ 36

5.21.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36

5.21.2 Trailer light switching arrangements ................................................................................................... 36

5.21.3 Additional requirement for trailer tail lamps .................................................................................... 36

5.22 Warning systems ........................................................................................................................................... 36

5.23 Warning systems for personnel of traffic on adjacent lines in working mode ...................... 36

5.24 Electrical system ........................................................................................................................................... 36

5.24.1 Electrical equipment ................................................................................................................................... 36

5.24.2 Disconnection devices ................................................................................................................................ 37

5.24.3 Working environment ................................................................................................................................ 37

5.24.4 Conductors, cables and wiring practices .............................................................................................. 37

5.24.5 Batteries ........................................................................................................................................................... 37

5.24.6 Overhead contact line system .................................................................................................................. 37

5.24.7 Equipotential bonding ................................................................................................................................ 38

5.24.8 Antennae .......................................................................................................................................................... 38

5.24.9 Pantograph...................................................................................................................................................... 38

5.25 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 38

5.25.1 Emissions from machines .......................................................................................................................... 38

5.25.2 Immunity of machines from railway environment .......................................................................... 38

5.26 Safety related control systems ................................................................................................................. 39

5.26.1 Specific control systems ............................................................................................................................. 39

5.26.2 Determining the performance levels of control systems ............................................................... 39

5.26.3 Software ........................................................................................................................................................... 41

5.27 Power supply .................................................................................................................................................. 41

5.28 Failure recovery ............................................................................................................................................ 41

5.29 On and off tracking ....................................................................................................................................... 41

5.29.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 41

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5.29.2 Use of turntables ........................................................................................................................................... 41

5.30 Setting up and packing away .................................................................................................................... 41

5.31 Mobile elevating work platform (MEWP) ............................................................................................ 41

5.32 General and railway specific attachments ........................................................................................... 42

5.33 Emergency stopping devices..................................................................................................................... 42

5.34 Moving parts and materials ...................................................................................................................... 42

5.35 Thermal hazards ........................................................................................................................................... 42

5.36 Emission of gas and particles ................................................................................................................... 42

5.37 Pressurized systems .................................................................................................................................... 42

5.38 Fuel tanks and hydraulic tanks ................................................................................................................ 42

5.39 Noise reduction .............................................................................................................................................. 42

5.40 Vibration .......................................................................................................................................................... 43

5.41 Protection from the risks of fire .............................................................................................................. 43

5.41.1 Fire fighting equipment .............................................................................................................................. 43

5.41.2 Material requirements ................................................................................................................................ 43

5.41.3 Fire detection devices ................................................................................................................................. 44

5.41.4 Fire extinguishing devices ......................................................................................................................... 44

5.41.5 Self-rescue devices ....................................................................................................................................... 44

5.41.6 Built in fire extinguishing system ........................................................................................................... 44

5.42 Lighting ............................................................................................................................................................. 44

5.42.1 Lighting general ............................................................................................................................................. 44

5.42.2 Lighting inside the machine ...................................................................................................................... 44

5.42.3 Lighting for working places/areas beside the machine.................................................................. 44

5.43 Movement Limiting Devices ...................................................................................................................... 45

5.43.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 45

5.43.2 Design of movement limiting devices .................................................................................................... 46

5.43.3 High performance movement limiting device .................................................................................... 46

5.43.4 Movement limiting devices – manually overriding the limit ........................................................ 47

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5.43.5 Lateral limiting devices .............................................................................................................................. 47

5.43.6 Height limiting device ................................................................................................................................. 47

5.44 Safe handling .................................................................................................................................................. 47

5.45 Trailer operator position ........................................................................................................................... 47

5.46 Demountable modules ................................................................................................................................ 48

5.47 Moveable machine components .............................................................................................................. 48

5.48 Machines with more than one moveable component ...................................................................... 48

5.49 Environmental temperature conditions .............................................................................................. 48

5.50 Storage of substances hazardous to health ......................................................................................... 48

5.51 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 49

5.51.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 49

5.51.2 Frequent maintenance ................................................................................................................................ 49

5.51.3 Support devices ............................................................................................................................................. 49

5.51.4 Unauthorized access to the engine compartment ............................................................................ 49

6 Additional safety requirements or measures for specific machine functions ....................... 50

7 Marking and numbering of the machine .............................................................................................. 50

7.1 Warning signs and pictograms ................................................................................................................ 50

7.2 Identification plate ....................................................................................................................................... 50

7.3 Warning signs and written warnings .................................................................................................... 50

7.4 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 51

8 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 51

8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51

8.2 Technical description .................................................................................................................................. 52

8.3 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 52

8.4 Restrictions of use ........................................................................................................................................ 53

8.5 Instructions for maintenance ................................................................................................................... 53

9 Verification of the conformity to the requirements and/or particular safety
measures ...............................
...

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