The test methods described are designed to determine the disinfectant activity of processes used in the 1) medical area, 2) veterinary area, 3) food, industrial, domestic and institutional area using automated processes for distributing chemicals by air diffusion with no operator manually applying the disinfectant. This document covers the disinfection of nonporous surfaces but not that of the air.
The objective of the described processes is to disinfect the surfaces of the overall area including the external surfaces of the equipment contained in such rooms. Air handling and products or processes specifically designed for the disinfection of medical devices are excluded from the scope of this document. The test methods and volumes described provide a defined challenge.
This document is applicable to processes for which activity is claimed against the following groups of microorganisms:
—   vegetative bacteria,
—    mycobacteria,
—   bacterial spores,
—   yeasts,
—   fungal spores,
—   viruses,
—   bacteriophages.
This document does not cover processes for which the mode of action is based on immersing and/or circulation, flooding, spraying, wiping or other processes where the product is directly applied to the surfaces and not via air dispersion.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or - in the case of ready-to-use-products - with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the veterinary area on non-porous surfaces without mechanical action i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, veterinary care facilities, transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a Phase 2 Step 2 test.
NOTE 3   Using this European Standard, it is possible to determine the virucidal activity of the undiluted product.
NOTE 4   This standard uses Porcine Parvovirus because Bovine Enterovirus Type 1 (ECBO) virus used in the suspension test EN 14675 cannot be used for surface testing because of its loss of titre during drying. Porcine
Parvovirus has comparable resistance to ECBO virus.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectants and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the veterinary area on porous surfaces without mechanical action i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, !veterinary care facilities", transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to “use recommendations”.
NOTE 1 The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2 This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 2 test.
NOTE 3 This method cannot be used to evaluate the activity of products against mycobacteria or bacterial spores.

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or - in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less, as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used. This document applies to products that are used for equipment disinfection by immersion, surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means and teat disinfection in the veterinary area - e.g. in the breeding, husbandry, production, veterinary care facilities, transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry into processing industry. This document also applies to products used for teat disinfection in these veterinary areas.
This method is not applicable to evaluate the activity of hand hygiene products. For these products reference is made to EN 14885, which specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test.

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or - in the case of ready-to-use-products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This document applies to products that are used in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas excluding areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated and excluding products used on living tissues except those for hand hygiene in the above considered areas. The following areas are at least included:
a)   processing, distribution and retailing of:
1)   food of animal origin:   2)   food of vegetable origin:
-   milk and milk products;   -   beverages;
-   meat and meat products;   -   fruits, vegetables and derivatives (including sugar, distillery ...);
-   fish, seafood, and related products;   -   flour, milling and baking;
-   eggs and egg products;   -   animal feeds;
-   animal feeds;   -   etc.
-   etc.   
b)   institutional and domestic areas:
-   catering establishments;
-   public areas;
-   public transports;
-   schools;
-   nurseries;
-   shops;
-   sports rooms;
-   waste containers (bins ...);
-   hotels;
-   dwellings;
-   clinically non-sensitive areas of hospitals;
-   offices;
-   etc.
c)   other industrial areas:
-   packaging material;
-   biotechnology (yeast, proteins, enzymes, ...);
-   pharmaceutical;
-   cosmetics and toiletries;
-   textiles;
-   space industry, computer industry;
-   etc.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or - in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less, as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This document applies to products that are used in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas excluding areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated and excluding products used on living tissues except those for hand hygiene in the above considered areas. The following areas are at least included:
a)   processing, distribution and retailing of:
1)   food of animal origin:
   milk and milk products;
   meat and meat products;
   fish, seafood, and related products;
   eggs and egg products;
   animal feeds;
   etc.   2)   food of vegetable origin:
   beverages;
   fruits, vegetables and derivatives (including sugar, distillery, etc.);
   flour, milling and baking;
   animal feeds;
   etc.
b)   institutional and domestic areas:
   catering establishments;
   public areas;
   public transports;
   schools;
   nurseries;
   shops;
   sports rooms;
   waste containers (bins, etc.);
   hotels;
   dwellings;
   clinically non sensitive areas of hospitals;
   offices;
   etc.
c)   other industrial areas:
   packaging material;
   biotechnology (yeast, proteins, enzymes, etc.);
   pharmaceutical;
   cosmetics and toiletries;
   textiles;
   space industry, computer industry;
   etc.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to “use recommendations”.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test.

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This European Standard specifies a test method (phase 2/step 2) and the minimum requirements for bactericidal and/or fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectants that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation in hard water or – in the case of ready-to-use products – with water in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas, excluding areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated and excluding products used on living tissues.
The scope of this European Standard applies at least to the following:
a)   Processing, distribution and retailing of:
1)   Food of animal origin:
i)   milk and milk products;
ii)   meat and meat products;
iii)   fish, seafood and products;
iv)   eggs and egg products;
v)   animal feeds;
vi)   etc.
2)   Food of vegetable origin:
i)   beverages;
ii)   fruits, vegetables and derivatives (including sugar distillery);
iii)   flour, milling and backing;
iv)   animal feeds;
v)   etc.
b)   Institutional and domestic areas:
1)   catering establishments;
2)   public areas;
3)   public transports;
4)   schools;
5)   nurseries;
6)   shops;
7)   sports rooms;
8)   waste container (bins);
9)   hotels;
10)   dwellings;
11)   clinically non sensitive areas of hospitals;
12)   offices;
13)   etc.
c)   Other industrial areas:
1)   packaging material;
2)   biotechnology (yeast, proteins, enzymes...);
3)   pharmaceutical;
4)   cosmetics and toiletries;
5)   textiles;
6)   space industry, computer industry;
7)   etc.
Using this European Standard, it is possible to determine the bactericidal or fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of the undiluted product. As three concentrations are tested, in the active to non active range, dilution of the product is required and, therefore, the product forms a homogeneous stable preparation in hard water.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to use recommendations.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances on bacteria and/or fungi in the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method cannot be used to evaluate the activity of products against mycobacteria.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or in the case of ready-to-use products, i. e, products that are not diluted when applied, with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % (97 %, with a modified method for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of hygienic handrub, hygienic handwash, instrument disinfection by immersion, surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means and textile disinfection.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities, and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens, and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 1 test.
NOTE 3   EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectants that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
This document applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting non-porous surfaces including surfaces of medical devices without mechanical action.
This document applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities, and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens, and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home.
It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances on viruses in the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for sporicidal activity of chemical disinfectant that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or - in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less (97 % with a modified method for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of instrument disinfection by immersion, and surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 1 test.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".

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This European Standard specifies the European Standards to which products have to conform in order to support the claims for microbicidal activity which are referred to in this European Standard.
This European Standard also specifies terms and definitions which are used in European Standards.
It is applicable to products for which activity is claimed against the following microorganisms: vegetative bacteria (including mycobacteria and Legionella), bacterial spores, yeasts, fungal spores and viruses (including bacteriophages).
It is intended to:
a)   enable manufacturers of products to select the appropriate standards to be used in order to provide data which support their claims for a specific product;
b)   enable users of the product to assess the information provided by the manufacturer in relation to the use for which they intend to use the product;
c)   assist regulatory authorities in assessing claims made by the manufacturer or by the person responsible for placing the product on the market.
It is applicable to products to be used in the area of human medicine, the veterinary area and in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas.
In the area of human medicine, it is applicable to chemical disinfectants and antiseptics to be used in areas and situations where disinfection or antisepsis is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and dental institutions,
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes,
-   and may also occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as in laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
In the veterinary area it is applicable to chemical disinfectants and antiseptics to be used in the areas of breeding, husbandry, veterinary care facilities, production, transport and disposal of animals. It is not applicable to chemical disinfectants used in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
In food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas it is applicable to chemical disinfectants and antiseptics to be used in processing, distribution and retailing of food of animal or vegetable origin. It is also applicable to products for all public areas where disinfection is not medically indicated (homes, catering, schools, nurseries, transports, hotels, offices etc.) and products used in packaging, biotechnology, pharmaceutical, cosmetic etc. industries.
This European Standard is also applicable to active substances and products under development for which no area of application has yet been specified.
This European Standard does not refer to methods for testing the toxicological and ecotoxicological properties of products or active substances.

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This document defines how to exclude or confirm that an excipient in a biocidal product is an active substance within the frame of the European Biocidal Product Regulation and other regulations.

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectant products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
This document applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting instruments by immersion.
This document applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
-   and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".

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This document specifies a test method (phase 2/step 1) and the minimum requirements for sporicidal activity of chemical disinfectant products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation in hard water and that are used in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas, excluding areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated and excluding products used on living tissues except those for hand hygiene in the above considered areas.
This European Standard applies at least to the following:
a)   processing, distribution and retailing of:
1)   food of animal origin:
-   milk and milk products;
-   meat and meat products;
-   fish, seafood, and related products;
-   eggs and egg products;
-   animal feeds;
-   etc.;
2)   food of vegetable origin:
-   beverages;
-   fruits, vegetables and derivatives (including sugar, distillery, etc.);
-   flour, milling and baking;
-   animal feeds;
-   etc.;
b)   institutional and domestic areas:
-   catering establishments;
-   public areas;
-   public transports;
-   schools;
-   nurseries;
-   shops;
-   sports rooms;
-   waste containers (bins, etc.);
-   hotels;
-   dwellings;
-   clinically non sensitive areas of hospitals;
-   offices;
-   etc.;
c)   other industrial areas:
-   packaging material;
-   biotechnology (yeast, proteins, enzymes, etc.);
-   pharmaceutical;
-   cosmetics and toiletries;
-   textiles;
-   space industry, computer industry;
-   etc.
Using this European Standard, it is not possible to determine the sporicidal activity of undiluted product as some dilution is always produced by adding the inoculum and interfering substance. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less.
NOTE   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances on spores in the conditions in which they are used.

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This European Standard specifies a test method simulating practical conditions for establishing whether a product for surgical handrub and handwash reduces the release of resident and eventually present transient microbial flora on hands when used for the treatment of clean hands of volunteers.
This European Standard applies to products for surgical handrub or handwash for use in areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes.
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or - in the case of ready-to-use-products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less, as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the veterinary area - i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE 1 The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2 This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test (Annex F).

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or - in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less (97 % with a modified method for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of hygienic handrub, hygienic handwash, surgical handrub, surgical handwash, instrument disinfection by immersion, and surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection or antisepsis is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test.
NOTE 3   This method cannot be used to evaluate the activity of products against Legionella in watersystems and against mycobacteria.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to 'use recommendations'.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for the microbicidal activity of a defined disinfection process for the treatment of contaminated linen. This procedure is carried out by using a washing machine as defined in Chapter 5.3.2.17 and refers to the disinfection step without prewash.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in schools, kindergartens and nursing homes;
- institutions where patients are accommodated, which could suffer from transmissible diseases;
- other applications where hygienic treatment of linen is necessary (e.g. food processing, hotels, workwear e. g. from the pharmaceutical industry, laboratories, foodstuffs area or similar institutions).
The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 2 test (Annex F).

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or - in the case of ready-to-use-products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the veterinary area, i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the virucidal activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal and yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water – or in the case of ready-to-use products – with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting non-porous surfaces including surfaces of medical devices by wiping – regardless if they are covered by the 93/42/EEC Directive on Medical Devices or not.
This European Standard includes ‘ready-to-use wipes‘ which are impregnated with a microbicidal solution.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2. test.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to “use recommendations”.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation in hard water or in the case of ready-to-use products with water.
This European Standard applies to products for use in the veterinary area i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to use recommendations.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a Phase 2 Step 2 test.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or - in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less (97 % with a modified method for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of hygienic handrub, hygienic handwash, surgical handrub, surgical handwash, instrument disinfection by immersion, and surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection or antisepsis is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a test method simulating practical conditions for establishing whether a product for hygienic handrub reduces the release of transient microbial flora on hands when rubbed onto the artificially contaminated hands of volunteers.
NOTE 1   Attention is drawn to the fact that tests on human volunteers are the subject of legal provisions in certain European countries/regions.
This European Standard applies to products for hygienic handrub for use in areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
- in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions,
- in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.

  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a test method simulating practical conditions for establishing whether a product for hygienic handwash reduces the release of transient microbial flora on hands when used to wash the artificially contaminated hands of volunteers.
NOTE 1   Attention is drawn to the fact that tests on human volunteers are the subject of legal provisions in certain European countries/regions.
This European Standard applies to products for hygienic handwash for use in areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
- in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions,
- in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for mycobactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or - in the case of ready-to-use-products - with water.
Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less, as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the veterinary area - i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or - in the case of ready-to-use-products - with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the veterinary area on non-porous surfaces without mechanical action i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, transport and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a Phase 2 Step 2 test.
NOTE 3   This method cannot be used to evaluate the activity of products against mycobacteria.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for mycobactericidal or tuberculocidal activity of chemical disinfectant products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or – in the case of ready-to-use products – with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting instruments by immersion – even if they are not covered by the EEC/93/42 Directive on Medical Devices.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
   in clinics of schools, kindergartens and nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.

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This document specifies methods for keeping test organisms used and defined in European Standards for the determination of bactericidal (incl. Legionella pneumophila), mycobactericidal, sporicidal, fungicidal and virucidal (incl. bacteriophages) activity of chemical disinfectants and antiseptics drawn up by CEN/TC 216. These methods for keeping test organisms can only be carried out in connection with at least one of those standards where a reference to this document is established.
NOTE 1   Annex A (informative) contains a non-exhaustive list of test organisms for which this document can be applied.
NOTE 2   European Standards (EN) where this document is referenced are listed in the Bibliography.
NOTE 3   A specific description on the preservation of bacterial spores could be added once the results of the ongoing ring trials are available.

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant products intended to be used for treatment in aqueous systems against Legionella pneumophila that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with buffered ferrous hard water or hard water. Whenever Legionella pneumophila poses a risk to human health, this method is suitable for water used in cooling towers and water for general purposes, like spas, pools, showers and other uses. The method is not suitable for electro-chemical disinfection.
The document applies to products used as a single application shock treatment in order to kill Legionella pneumophila. It is not suitable for the evaluation of those products that are dosed continuously into water systems to control the growth of Legionella pneumophila.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test.
NOTE 3   This method does not take into account the fact that Legionella pneumophila is often found in cells of amoebae and/or biofilms and that thereby a product’s activity against the bacteria may be reduced.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendation".

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal and yeasticidal and additionally fungicidal activity of chemical disinfectant products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
NOTE   Dilutions are necessary as three concentrations in the active to non-active range are tested.
This document applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting non-porous surfaces without mechanical action.
This document applies to areas and situations where disinfection or antisepsis is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes;
and can occur in the workplace and in the home. It can also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to use recommendations.
Using this document, it is possible to determine the activity of products like commercial formulations or active substances on bacteria and/or fungi in the conditions in which they are used and therefore it corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.
This method excludes the evaluation of the activity of products against mycobacteria and bacterial spores.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant products for instruments that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting instruments by immersion - even if they are not covered by the EEC/93/42 Directive on Medical Devices.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergardens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test (see Annex E).

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting instruments by immersion - even if they are not covered by the EEC/93/42 Directive on Medical Devices.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergardens and of nursing homes;
-   and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test (see Annex E).

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for basic fungicidal or basic yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 percent or less as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and water.
This European Standard applies to active substances (antifungal biocides) and to formulations under development that are planned to be used in food, industrial, domestic and institutional, medical and veterinary areas. It applies also to the evaluation of fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical antiseptics and disinfectants when appropriate European Standards are not available.
NOTE 1   This European Standard does not evaluate the activity of a product for an intended use.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 1 test (Annex F).

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for basic bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and water.
This European Standard applies to active substances (antibacterial biocides) and to formulations under development that are planned to be used in food, industrial, domestic and institutional, medical and veterinary areas. It applies also to the evaluation of bactericidal activity of chemical antiseptics and disinfectants when appropriate standards are not available.
NOTE 1   This European Standard does not evaluate the activity of a product for an intended use.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 1 test (Annex F).

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This document specifies a test method (phase 1) and the minimum requirements for sporicidal activity of chemical disinfectant or antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms.
This document applies to products that are used in in agricultural (but not crop protection), domestic service, food hygiene and other industrial fields, institutional, medical and veterinary applications.
NOTE 1   This method cannot be applied for testing sporicidal activity of a product against spores of Clostridium spec.
NOTE 2   This document does not evaluate the activity of a product for an intended use. More specific test methods described in European Standards (see introduction) are used for further assessement of the efficacy of chemical disinfectants and antiseptics for a defined purpose.
NOTE 3   This method corresponds to a phase 1 test (see Annex E).

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for mycobactericidal (or tuberculocidal) activity of chemical disinfectant products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This document applies to products that are used in the medical area including those that are covered by the EEC/93/42 Directive on Medical Devices.
This document applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
- in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
- in clinics of schools, of kindergardens and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 1 test (see Annex E).

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This European Standard specifies a test method (phase 2, step 1) and requirements for the minimum virucidal activity against bacteriophages of chemical disinfectants that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation in hard water and that are used in food and industrial areas, excluding areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated and excluding products used on living tissues. This European Standard applies to least to the following: a) processing, distribution and retailing of:...

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of
chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation when
diluted with hard water – or in the case of ready-to-use products, i. e, products that are not diluted when
applied,– with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % (97 %, with a modified method
for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering
substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of hygienic
handrub, hygienic handwash, instrument disinfection by immersion, surface disinfection by wiping, spraying,
flooding or other means and textile disinfection.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such
indications occur in patient care, for example:
 in hospitals, in community medical facilities, and in dental institutions;
 in clinics of schools, of kindergartens, and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens
supplying products directly for the patients.

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for the microbicidal activity of a defined disinfection process for the treatment of contaminated textile. This procedure is carried out by using a washing machine as defined in 5.3.2.18 and refers to the disinfection step without prewash. This procedure is not limited to certain types of textile. The suppliers' instructions are expected to be sufficient to allow the method in this document to be carried out fully (e.g. dosing disinfectant in whatever washing phase e.g. main wash, rinsing, disinfecting at 40 °C).
This document applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
—   in hospitals, in community medical facilities, and in dental institutions;
—   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens, and of nursing homes;
and could occur in the workplace and in the home.
It could also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
The method described is intended to determine the activity of a product or product combination under the conditions in which they are used. This is a phase 2, step 2 laboratory test that simulates the conditions of application of the product.
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test (see EN 14885).
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to “use recommendations”.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectants and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the veterinary area on porous surfaces without mechanical action i.e. in the breeding, husbandry, production, transport, veterinary care facilities and disposal of all animals except when in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to use recommendations.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 2 test.
NOTE 3    This method cannot be used to evaluate the activity of products against mycobacteria or bacterial spores.

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This document specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or - in the case of ready-to-use-products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance. This document applies to products that are used in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas excluding areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated and excluding products used on living tissues except those for hand hygiene in the above considered areas. The following areas are at least included:a) processing, distribution and retailing of: 1) food of animal origin: milk and milk products; meat and meat products; fish, seafood, and related products; eggs and egg products; animal feeds; etc. 2) food of vegetable origin: beverages; fruits, vegetables and derivatives (including sugar, distillery ...); flour, milling and baking; animal feeds; etc.b) institutional and domestic areas: catering establishments; public areas; public transports; schools; nurseries; shops; sports rooms; waste containers (bins ...); hotels; dwellings; clinically non-sensitive areas of hospitals; offices; etc.c) other industrial areas: packaging material; biotechnology (yeast, proteins, enzymes, ...); pharmaceutical; cosmetics and toiletries; textiles; space industry, computer industry; etc. EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to use recommendations NOTE 1 The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used. NOTE 2 This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or - in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less (97 % with a modified method for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance. This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of hygienic handrub, hygienic handwash, surgical handrub, surgical handwash, instrument disinfection by immersion, and surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means. This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection or antisepsis is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example: - in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions; - in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes; and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients. NOTE 1 The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used. NOTE 2 This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test. NOTE 3 This method cannot be used to evaluate the activity of products against Legionella in watersystems and against mycobacteria. EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to 'use recommendations'.

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This document specifies test methods and minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectants or antiseptic products for instruments, surfaces, laundry or hands that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation in water.
This document is applicable to a broad spectrum of viruses (see Annex B) and to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
¾   in hospitals, in community medical facilities, and in dental institutions;
¾   clinics of schools, kindergartens, and nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
It is impossible to determine the virucidal activity of the undiluted product as some dilution is always produced by adding the inoculum. However, a disinfectant or antiseptic which is used in undiluted form is tested in 80% concentration and shall pass this test prior to further assessment.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water, or - in the case of ready-to-use products - with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % or less (97 % with a modified method for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance. This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of hygienic handrub, hygienic handwash, surgical handrub, surgical handwash, instrument disinfection by immersion, and surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means. This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection or antisepsis is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:  in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;  in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes; and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectant and antiseptic products that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water or in the case of ready-to-use products, i. e, products that are not diluted when applied, with water. Products can only be tested at a concentration of 80 % (97 %, with a modified method for special cases) as some dilution is always produced by adding the test organisms and interfering substance.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area in the fields of hygienic handrub, hygienic handwash, instrument disinfection by immersion, surface disinfection by wiping, spraying, flooding or other means and textile disinfection.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities, and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens, and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 1 test.
NOTE 3   EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".

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This document specifies a test method simulating practical conditions for establishing whether a product for hygienic handrub reduces the release of virus contamination on hands when rubbed onto the artificially contaminated hands of volunteers.
NOTE 1    Attention is drawn to the fact that tests on human volunteers are the subject of legal provisions in certain European countries/regions.
This document applies to products for hygienic handrub for use in areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergardens and of nursing homes;
and-can occur in the workplace and in the home. It can also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendations".
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.
- in clinics of schools, of kindergardens and of nursing homes.
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to “use recommendations”.
NOTE 2  This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.

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This European Standard specifies a test method simulating practical conditions for establishing whether a product for surgical handrub and handwash reduces the release of resident and eventually present transient microbial flora on hands when used for the treatment of clean hands of volunteers.
This European Standard applies to products for surgical handrub or handwash for use in areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
-   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and in dental institutions;
-   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes.
and may occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to “use recommendations”.
NOTE   This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for virucidal activity of chemical disinfectants that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation when diluted with hard water - or in the case of ready-to-use products - with water.
This European Standard applies to products that are used in the medical area for disinfecting non-porous surfaces including surfaces of medical devices without mechanical action.
This European Standard applies to areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care, for example:
- in hospitals, in community medical facilities, and in dental institutions;
- in clinics of schools, of kindergartens, and of nursing homes;
and may occur in the workplace and in the home.
It may also include services such as laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patients.
NOTE 1 The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances on viruses in the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2 This method corresponds to a phase 2, step 2 test.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to 'use recommendations'.

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This European Standard specifies the European Standards to which products have to conform in order to support the claims for microbicidal activity which are referred to in this European Standard.
This European Standard also specifies terms and definitions which are used in European Standards.
It is applicable to products for which activity is claimed against the following microorganisms: vegetative bacteria (including mycobacteria and Legionella), bacterial spores, yeasts, fungal spores and viruses (including bacteriophages).
It is intended to:
a)   enable manufacturers of products to select the appropriate standards to be used in order to provide data which support their claims for a specific product;
b)   enable users of the product to assess the information provided by the manufacturer in relation to the use for which they intend to use the product;
c)   assist regulatory authorities in assessing claims made by the manufacturer or by the person responsible for placing the product on the market.
It is applicable to products to be used in the area of human medicine, the veterinary area and in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas.
In the area of human medicine (Working Group 1, i. e. WG 1), it is applicable to chemical disinfectants and antiseptics to be used in areas and situations where disinfection or antisepsis is medically indicated. Such indications occur in patient care
—   in hospitals, in community medical facilities and dental institutions,
—   in clinics of schools, of kindergartens and of nursing homes,
—   and may also occur in the workplace and in the home. It may also include services such as in laundries and kitchens supplying products directly for the patient.
In the veterinary area (WG 2) it is applicable to chemical disinfectants and antiseptics to be used in the areas of breeding, husbandry, veterinary care facilities, production, transport and disposal of animals. It is not applicable to chemical disinfectants used in the food chain following death and entry to the processing industry.
In food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas (WG 3) it is applicable to chemical disinfectants and antiseptics to be used in processing, distribution and retailing of food of animal or vegetable origin. It is also applicable to products for all public areas where disinfection is not medically indicated (homes, catering, schools, nurseries, transports, hotels, offices etc.) and products used in packaging, biotechnology, pharmaceutical, cosmetic etc. industries.
This European Standard is also applicable to active substances and products under development for which no area of application has yet been specified.
This standard will be periodically updated to reflect the current published versions of each standard developed in CEN/TC 216. Independent of this update newly published standards should be used, even if they are not yet mentioned in EN 14885.
This European Standard does not refer to methods for testing the toxicological and ecotoxicological properties of products or active substances.

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This European Standard specifies a test method (phase 2/step 2) and the minimum requirements for bactericidal and/or fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of chemical disinfectants that form a homogeneous physically stable preparation in hard water or – in the case of ready-to-use products – with water in food, industrial, domestic and institutional areas, excluding areas and situations where disinfection is medically indicated and excluding products used on living tissues.
The scope of this European Standard applies at least to the following:
a)   Processing, distribution and retailing of:
1)   Food of animal origin:
i)   milk and milk products;
ii)   meat and meat products;
iii)   fish, seafood and products;
iv)   eggs and egg products;
v)   animal feeds;
vi)   etc.
2)   Food of vegetable origin:
i)   beverages;
ii)   fruits, vegetables and derivatives (including sugar distillery);
iii)   flour, milling and backing;
iv)   animal feeds;
v)   etc.
b)   Institutional and domestic areas:
1)   catering establishments;
2)   public areas;
3)   public transports;
4)   schools;
5)   nurseries;
6)   shops;
7)   sports rooms;
8)   waste container (bins);
9)   hotels;
10)   dwellings;
11)   clinically non sensitive areas of hospitals;
12)   offices;
13)   etc.
c)   Other industrial areas:
1)   packaging material;
2)   biotechnology (yeast, proteins, enzymes...);
3)   pharmaceutical;
4)   cosmetics and toiletries;
5)   textiles;
6)   space industry, computer industry;
7)   etc.
Using this European Standard, it is possible to determine the bactericidal or fungicidal or yeasticidal activity of the undiluted product. As three concentrations are tested, in the active to non active range, dilution of the product is required and, therefore, the product forms a homogeneous stable preparation in hard water.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to use recommendations.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances on bacteria and/or fungi in the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method cannot be used to evaluate the activity of products against mycobacteria.

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