This document specifies a process for a medical laboratory to identify and manage the risks to patients, laboratory workers and service providers that are associated with medical laboratory examinations. The process includes identifying, estimating, evaluating, controlling and monitoring the risks.
The requirements of this document are applicable to all aspects of the examinations and services of a medical laboratory, including the pre-examination and post-examination aspects, examinations, accurate transmission of test results into the electronic medical record and other technical and management processes described in ISO 15189.
This document does not specify acceptable levels of risk.
This document does not apply to risks from post-examination clinical decisions made by healthcare providers.
This document does not apply to the management of risks affecting medical laboratory enterprises that are addressed by ISO 31000, such as business, economic, legal, and regulatory risks.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous blood
specimens intended for the examination of human genomic DNA isolated from Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
This document does not cover the isolation of specific blood cells and subsequent isolation of genomic DNA therefrom.
DNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood specimens intended for the examination of human cellular RNA isolated from Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
This document does not cover the isolation of cellular RNA directly from venous whole blood containing CTCs. This is covered in EN ISO 20186-1.
This document does not cover the isolation of specific blood cells and subsequent isolation of cellular RNA therefrom.
RNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood and the CTC (Circulating Tumor Cell) enrichment, CTC isolation and other preparations for analytical staining (i.e., conventional cytochemical and immunocytochemical staining) of CTCs during the pre-examination Phase before the cytopathological evaluation is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
This document does not cover specific staining procedures.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document provides recommendations and requirements on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood specimens intended for circulating cell free DNA (ccfDNA) examination during the pre-examination phase before an analytical test is performed. This document covers specimens collected in venous whole blood collection tubes.
This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Different dedicated measures are taken for stabilizing blood genomic DNA, which are not described in this document. Blood genomic DNA is covered in ISO 20186-2.
Different dedicated measures are taken for preserving DNA in circulating exosomes, which are not described in this document.
NOTE ccfDNA obtained from blood by the procedures cited in this document can contain DNA originally present in exosomes[8][9].
DNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood specimens intended for genomic DNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed. This document covers specimens collected in venous whole blood collection tubes.
This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Different dedicated measures are taken for stabilizing blood cell free circulating DNA, which are not described in this document.
NOTE Circulating cell free DNA in blood is covered in ISO 20186-3.
Different dedicated measures are taken for collecting, stabilizing, transporting and storing capillary blood as well as for collecting and storing blood by paper based technologies or other technologies generating dried blood. These are not described in this document.
This document does not cover the isolation of specific blood cells and subsequent isolation of genomic DNA therefrom.
DNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood specimens intended for cellular RNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed. This document covers specimens collected in venous whole blood collection tubes.
This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Different dedicated measures are taken for stabilizing blood cell free circulating RNA and RNA in exosomes circulating in blood. These are not described in this document.
Different dedicated measures are taken for collecting, stabilizing, transporting and storing capillary blood as well as for collecting and storing blood by paper based technologies or other technologies generating dried blood. These are not described in this document.
This document does not cover the isolation of specific blood cells and subsequent isolation of cellular RNA therefrom.
RNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.

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This document specifies the requirements for competence to carry out reference measurement procedures in laboratory medicine, using the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025:2017 as a normative reference and listing additional requirements for calibration laboratories to perform their tasks adequately.
The relationship between clauses in this document and ISO/IEC 17025:2017 are summarized in Annex A.
Examinations of properties with results reported on a nominal or ordinal scale are not included.
This document is not applicable to medical laboratories.
NOTE Requirements for medical laboratories are specified in ISO 15189[1].

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens intended for DNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of frozen tissue specimens intended for RNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed.
This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories that evaluate RNA extracted from frozen tissue. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organisations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Tissues that have undergone chemical stabilization pre-treatment before freezing are not covered in this document.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens intended for RNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens intended for the examination of isolated proteins during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
This document is not applicable for protein examination by immunohistochemistry.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of frozen tissue specimens intended for the examination of isolated proteins during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed.
This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories that evaluate proteins isolated from frozen tissue. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organisations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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ISO 6710:2017 specifies requirements and test methods for evacuated and non-evacuated single-use venous blood specimen containers.
It does not specify requirements for blood collection needles, needle holders, blood culture receptacles or "arterial" blood gas collection devices that can be used for venous blood.

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ISO 22870:2016 gives specific requirements applicable to point-of-care testing and is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 15189. The requirements of this document apply when POCT is carried out in a hospital, clinic and by a healthcare organization providing ambulatory care. This document can be applied to transcutaneous measurements, the analysis of expired air, and in vivo monitoring of physiological parameters.
Patient self-testing in a home or community setting is excluded, but elements of this document can be applicable.

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ISO 23640:2011 is applicable to the stability evaluation of in vitro diagnostic medical devices, including reagents, calibrators, control materials, diluents, buffers and reagent kits, hereinafter called IVD reagents. ISO 23640:2011 can also be applied to specimen collection devices that contain substances used to preserve samples or to initiate reactions for further processing of the sample in the collection device.
ISO 23640:2011 specifies general requirements for stability evaluation and gives specific requirements for real time and accelerated stability evaluation when generating data in:
the establishment of IVD reagent shelf life, including transport conditions suitable to ensure that product specifications are maintained;
the establishment of stability of the IVD reagent in use after the first opening of the primary container;
the monitoring of stability of IVD reagents already placed on the market;
the verification of stability specifications after modifications of the IVD reagent that might affect stability.

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ISO 15197:2013 specifies requirements for in vitro glucose monitoring systems that measure glucose concentrations in capillary blood samples, for specific design verification procedures and for the validation of performance by the intended users. These systems are intended for self-measurement by lay persons for management of diabetes mellitus.
ISO 15197:2013 is applicable to manufacturers of such systems and those other organizations (e.g. regulatory authorities and conformity assessment bodies) having the responsibility for assessing the performance of these systems.

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ISO 19001:2013 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer with reagents used in staining in biology. It applies to producers, suppliers and vendors of dyes, stains, chromogenic reagents and other reagents used for staining in histology and cytology including bacteriology, haematology, histochemistry, as performed in medical laboratories, both routine and research bacteriology. The requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer specified in ISO 19001:2013 are a prerequisite for achieving comparable and reproducible results in all fields of staining in biology.

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ISO 15189:2012 specifies requirements for quality and competence in medical laboratories.
ISO 15189:2012 can be used by medical laboratories in developing their quality management systems and assessing their own competence. It can also be used for confirming or recognizing the competence of medical laboratories by laboratory customers, regulating authorities and accreditation bodies.

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ISO 18113-4:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) reagents for self-testing.
ISO 18113-4:2009 also applies to information supplied by the manufacturer with calibrators and control materials intended for use with IVD medical devices for self-testing.
ISO 18113-4:2009 can also be applied to accessories, where appropriate.
ISO 18113-4:2009 applies to the labels for outer and immediate containers and to the instructions for use.

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ISO 18113-3:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro dignostic (IVD) instruments for professional use.
ISO 18113-3:2009 also applies to apparatus and equipment intended to be used with IVD instruments for professional use.
ISO 18113-3:2009 can also be applied to accessories, where appropriate.

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ISO 18113-1:2009 defines concepts, establishes general principles and specifies essential requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical devices.

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ISO 18113-5:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) instruments for self-testing.
ISO 18113-5:2009 also applies to apparatus and equipment intended to be used with IVD instruments for self-testing.
ISO 18113-5:2009 can also be applied to accessories.

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ISO 18113-2:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) reagents for professional use.
ISO 18113-2:2009 also applies to information supplied by the manufacturer with calibrators and control materials intended for use with IVD medical devices for professional use.
ISO 18113-2:2009 can also be applied to accessories.
ISO 18113-2:2009 applies to the labels for outer and immediate containers and to the instructions for use.

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ISO 15194:2009 specifies requirements for certified reference materials and the content of their supporting documentation, in order for them to be considered of higher metrological order in accordance with ISO 17511. It is applicable to certified reference materials classifiable as primary measurement standards, secondary measurement standards and international conventional calibrators that function either as calibrators or trueness control materials. ISO 15194:2009 also provides requirements on how to collect data for value determination and how to present the assigned value and its measurement uncertainty.
ISO 15194:2009 applies to certified reference materials with assigned values of differential or rational quantities. Annex A provides information on nominal properties and ordinal quantities.
ISO 15194:2009 does not apply to reference materials that are parts of an in vitro diagnostic measuring system, although it is possible that many elements are helpful.

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ISO 15193:2009 specifies requirements for the content of a reference measurement procedure for in vitro diagnostic medical devices and medical laboratories.
ISO 15193:2009 applies to reference measurement procedures providing values of differential or rational quantities. Annex A provides information on nominal properties and ordinal quantities.
ISO 15193:2009 is valid for any person, body or institution involved in one of the various branches of laboratory medicine whose intention is to write a document to serve as a reference measurement procedure.

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ISO 20776-2:2007 establishes acceptable performance criteria for antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) devices that are used to determine minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and/or interpretive category determinations of susceptible, intermediate and resistant (SIR) strains of bacteria to antimicrobial agents in medical laboratories. ISO 20776-2:2007 specifies requirements for AST devices (including diffusion test systems) and procedures for assessing performance of such devices. It defines how a performance evaluation of an AST device is to be conducted. ISO 20776-2:2007 has been developed to guide manufacturers in the conduct of performance evaluation studies.

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Resolution BT C87/2011 (extension of DOW): DOW = DAV + 36 months

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This document gives recommendations for the handling, documentation, storage and processing of frozen tissue specimens intended for the examination of isolated DNA during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed.
This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories that evaluate DNA isolated from frozen tissue. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Tissues that have undergone chemical stabilization pre-treatment before freezing are not covered in this document.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This standard specifies requirements and test methods for single-use evacuated and non-evacuated
receptacles, intended by their manufacturers, for the primary containment and preservation of
specimens, other than blood specimens, derived from the human body, for the purposes of in vitro
diagnostic examination.
NOTE 1 Requirements and test methods for evacuated and non-evacuated single-use venous blood
specimen containers are specified in EN ISO 6710.
NOTE 2 While it is desirable that specimen receptacles should be designed to avoid spontaneous
discharge of the contents, when being opened, this standard does not specify a test procedure for this
because it has not been possible to devise an objective and reproducible test.
This standard does not specify requirements for collection needles or needle holders or other
accessories used in conjunction with specimen receptacles.

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This document specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the pre-examination phase of human specimens, such as stool, saliva, skin and urogenital specimens, intended for microbiome DNA examination. The pre-examination phase includes but is not limited to specimen collection, handling, transport, storage, processing, isolation of DNA, and documentation.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Different dedicated measures are taken for pre-examination processes for infectious disease examination (e.g. targeted pathogen identification) and for microbiome DNA examination from tissue (e.g. biopsies). These are outside of the scope of this document.
Different dedicated measures are taken for pre-examination processes for saliva for human genomic DNA examination. These are not described in this document but are covered in CEN/TS 17305, Molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations - Specifications for pre-examination processes for saliva - Isolated DNA.
NOTE    International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document will describe pre-examination, examination and post-examination processes for medical laboratory examination of human semen. It is intended to be used for diagnostics in small and large medical laboratories performing semen analysis. Preparation of semen for therapeutic use is not included.

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This document describes one reference method, broth micro-dilution, for determination of MICs. The MIC can be a guide for the clinician, and reflects the activity of the drug under the described test conditions, by taking into account other factors, such as drug pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, or bacterial resistance mechanisms. This allows categorisation of bacteria as "susceptible" (S), "intermediate" (I), or "resistant" (R). In addition, MIC distributions can be used to define wild type or non-wild type bacterial populations. Although clinical interpretation of the MIC value is beyond the scope of this document, modifications of the basic method are required for certain antimicrobial agent - bacteria combinations to facilitate clinical interpretation. These modifications are included in a separate annex of this document. It is necessary to compare other susceptibility testing methods (e.g. disc diffusion or diagnostic test devices) with this reference method for validation, in order to ensure comparable and reliable results.

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This document gives requirements on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of saliva specimens intended for human DNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examination including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organisations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Dedicated measures that need to be taken for saliva collected on absorbing materiasl or by mouth washes are not described in this document. Neither are measures for preserving and handling of native saliva cell-free DNA, pathogens, and other bacterial or whole microbiome DNA in saliva described.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives requirements for the collection, handling, documentation, transport, storage and processing during the pre-examination phase of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens intended for examinations of morphology and biomolecules, such as metabolites, proteins, DNA and/or RNA in situ on FFPE tissue sections by using different in situ detection techniques.
This document is applicable to routine and molecular diagnostic examinations using in situ detection techniques including laboratory developed tests performed by routine pathology laboratories (histology laboratories) as well as molecular pathology laboratories and other medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, as well as institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, biobanks, and regulatory authorities.
This document is not applicable for the examination of isolated biomolecules such as proteins, DNA and RNA that cannot be mapped with a defined region of a FFPE section.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document specifies technical requirements and documentation necessary to establish metrological traceability of values assigned to calibrators, trueness control materials and human samples for quantities measured by IVD MDs. The human samples are those intended to be measured, as specified for each IVD MD. Metrological traceability of values for quantities in human samples extends to the highest available reference system component, ideally to RMPs and certified reference materials (CRMs).
All parties having a role in any of the steps described in a calibration hierarchy for an IVD MD are subject to the requirements described. These parties include but are not limited to manufacturers (of IVD MDs), RMP developers (see ISO 15193), RM producers (see ISO 15194), and reference/calibration laboratories (see ISO 15195) supporting calibration hierarchies for IVD MDs.
NOTE 1 Producers of RMs intended for use in standardization or calibration of IVD MDs include commercial and non-commercial organizations producing RMs for use by many end-users of IVD MDs and/or calibration laboratories, or for use by a single end-user medical laboratory, as in the case of a measurement standard (calibrator) intended to be used exclusively for calibration of a laboratory-developed MP.
This document is applicable to:
a) all IVD MDs that provide measurement results in the form of numeric values, i.e. rational (ratio) and/or differential (interval) scales, and counting scales.
b) IVD MDs where the measurement result is reported as a qualitative value established with a ratio of two measurements (i.e. the signal from a specimen being tested and the signal from a RM with a specified concentration or activity at the cut-off), or a counting scale, with corresponding decision threshold(s). This also includes IVD MDs where results are categorized among ordinal categories based on pre-established quantitative intervals for a quantity.
c) RMs intended for use as trueness control materials for verification or assessment of calibration of IVD MDs, i.e. some commutable CRMs and some external quality assessment (EQA) materials (if so indicated in the RM's intended use statement).
d) IVD MD-specific calibrators and trueness control materials with assigned values, intended to be used together with a specified IVD MD.
e) IVD MDs as described in a) and b), where no end-user performed calibration is required (i.e. when the manufacturer performs a factory calibration of the IVD MD).
This document is not applicable to:
a) calibrators and trueness control materials for IVD MDs which, due to their formulation, are known to have zero amount of measurand;
b) control materials that are used only for internal quality control purposes in medical laboratories to assess the imprecision of an IVD MD, either its repeatability or reproducibility, and/or for assessing changes in IVD MD results compared to a previously established calibration condition;
c) control materials that are used only for internal quality control purposes in medical laboratories and which are supplied with intervals of suggested acceptable values that are not metrologically traceable to higher order reference system components;
d) properties reported as nominal scales and ordinal scales, where no magnitude is involved.
NOTE 2 Nominal scales are typically used to report e.g. identity of blood cell types, microorganism types, identity of nucleic acid sequences, identity of urine particles.
NOTE 3 Ordinal s

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This document covers the preanalytical phase and recommends the handling, documentation and processing of urine, venous blood plasma and serum intended for metabolomics analysis.
The document is applicable to metabolomics examinations and is of importance to biomedical laboratories, customers of laboratories, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, institutions and companies performing biomedical research, biobanks, and regulatory authorities. The adoption of the described procedures for the preanalytical phase make it possible to compare and evaluate the results obtained from metabolic profiling analysis.
NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This European Standard applies to external quality assessment schemes, hereafter called EQAS, that include in their functions the assessment and evaluation of the performance of specified in vitro diagnostic procedures (including in vitro diagnostic medical devices, hereafter called IVD MDs). It sets out the requirements that are necessary to enable EQAS to fulfil this function relating to:
- scheme design and organisation;
- identification of procedures (IVD MDs) used by the participant;
- classification and evaluation of data.
NOTE   External quality assessment data generated according to these criteria will help manufacturers, users or competent authorities to monitor independently the post-marketing performance of IVD MDs.
This European Standard does not specify ways in which EQAS themselves are organised, nor how the individual or collective performance of clinical laboratories is evaluated.

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ISO 18153:2003 specifies how to assure the metrological traceability of values assigned to calibrators and control materials intended to establish or verify trueness of measurement of the catalytic concentration of enzymes.
The calibrators and control materials are those provided by the manufacturers as part of, or to be used together with, in vitro diagnostic medical devices.
The following subjects are outside the scope of ISO 18153:2003: requirements for the design or selection of a reference measurement procedure; quantities involving mass of enzyme or immunoreactivity of enzymes; control materials that do not have an assigned value and are used only for assessing the precision of a measurement procedure, either its repeatability or reproducibility (precision control materials); control materials intended for intralaboratory quality control purposes and supplied with intervals of suggested acceptable values, each interval obtained by interlaboratory consensus with respect to one specified measurement procedure, and with limiting values that are not metrologically traceable; metrological traceability of routine results to the product calibrator and their relations to any medical discrimination limit; properties involving nominal and ordinal scales.

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This European Standard specifies sampling procedure requirements for acceptance testing of finished in vitro diagnostic medical devices, which require EU verification by a notified body.
Two different provisions are addressed:
a) verification by testing attributes and/or variables on a statistical basis;
b) verification by testing a homogeneous batch which has been defined by appropriate means of process validation and in-process control.
This standard specifies requirements and criteria for testing procedures to establish and verify the homogeneity of processes and products. This standard is also applicable for drawing up sampling plans for finished products according to the requirements laid down for manufacturers' product certification and production quality systems.

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TC - Modifications in 2.6, 2.14, 4.5, Annex ZA and Bibliography

  • Corrigendum
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This standard specifies requirements related to design and manufacture in order to effectively control the risk of infection caused by in vitro diagnostic reagents including reagent products, calibrators, control materials and kits, hereinafter called IVD reagents. The standard is applicable to in vitro diagnostic reagents containing material of human origin. The standard is also applicable to in vitro diagnostic reagents containing materials obtained by biotechnology processes or materials of animal origin, in particular in view of relevant zoonoses, when the results of a risk analysis reveal that there is a risk of human infection.
The standard does not apply to the following:
   - instruments and specimen receptacles;
   NOTE 1   The prevention of infection due to handling of biological materials throughout such  equipment is addressed in other relevant International and/or European Standards.
   - general aspects of workers' protection;
   - transportation of infectious goods;
   - disposal measures.
   NOTE 2   Some of the most relevant documents relating to aspects not covered by this standard are listed in Bibliography for information.

  • Standard
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This standard specifies general requirements for in vitro diagnostic medical devices (IVD MDs) for self-testing in order to ensure that IVD MDs for self-testing are safe and suitable for the purposes as specified by the manufacturer.
This standard does not address medical aspects of IVD MDs for self-testing.

  • Standard
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This European Standard applies to the performance evaluation of in vitro diagnostic medical devices (IVD MDs) including IVD MDs for self-testing. It specifies the responsibilities and general requirements for the planning, conduct, assessment and documentation of a performance evaluation study by the manufacturer. It does not apply to specific evaluation plans for certain IVD MDs or a specific use.
NOTE   For a selection of publications on specific evaluation plans see Bibliography.
Where a manufacturer maintains a quality system this standard addresses the compliance with "design validation" and "design changes" as described in EN ISO 9001, EN 46001 and EN 928 especially considering the nature and use of IVD MDs.
In particular, this standard applies to IVD MDs to
- show evidence to notified bodies and national authorities by results of a performance evaluation that the IVD MD performs as claimed by the manufacturer,
- establish adequate performance evaluation data originating from appropriate studies or resulting from available literature, and to
- satisfy the requirements of a quality system for design validation.

  • Standard
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Migrated from Progress Sheet (TC Comment) (2000-07-10): UAP of 4 months (TC Res 5/1999) (CC/990525)
2020-01-20: Originator of XML version: NEN (on behalf of NEN, ASI, DS, SFS, SIS, SN)

  • Amendment
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This European Standard specifies requirements for the performance of culture media. It is concerned with the traceability, comparability, reproducibility and suitability of culture media used in microbiological laboratories. These characteristics are achieved by applying the quality criteria outlined in this standard.  This European Standard is applicable to :  a) commercial organizations distributing media to microbiology laboratories in ready-to-use form, as dehydrated media or as semi-finished media (see 2.5 in EN 1659 : 1996) ;  b) non commercial organizations that distribute media to satellite locations ;  c) laboratories that prepare culture media for their own use.  Cell culture media are not covered by this standard.

  • Standard
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This European Standard provides terms for different classifications of culture media used in microbiology (bacteriology and mycology).

  • Standard
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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of fine needle aspirates (FNAs) intended for RNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed.
This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examination including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories that examine RNA isolated from FNAs. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organisations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities.
Different dedicated measures are taken for collecting, stabilizing, transporting and storing of core needle biopsies (FNA B) and are not covered in this document, but in ISO 20184-1, Molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations – Specifications for pre-examination processes for frozen tissue – Part 1: Isolated RNA  and ISO 20166-1, Molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations — Specifications for pre-examination processes for formalin fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue — Part 1: Isolated RNA.
RNA in pathogens present in FNA is not covered by this document.
NOTE   International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

  • Technical specification
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