Personal flotation devices - Part 10: Selection and application of personal flotation devices and other relevant devices (ISO 12402-10:2020)

This document provides requirements and recommendations for the selection and application of both personal flotation devices (PFD) complying with the relevant Parts of the ISO 12402 series:2020, and immersion suits according to ISO 15027 (all parts):2012.
It is intended to assist manufacturers, suppliers, users and regulators in the appropriate selection and application of those garments for the circumstances in which they will be used.

Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 10: Auswahl und Anwendung von persönlichen Auftriebsmitteln und anderen entsprechenden Geräten (ISO 12402-10:2020)

Dieses Dokument enthält Anforderungen und Empfehlungen für die Auswahl und Anwendung sowohl von persönlichen Auftriebsmitteln (en: personal flotation devices, PFD), die den relevanten Teilen der Normenreihe ISO 12402:2020 entsprechen, als auch von Schutzkleidung gegen Unterkühlung im Wasser nach der Normenreihe ISO 15027:2012.
Es ist dafür vorgesehen, Hersteller, Lieferanten, Benutzer und Regulierungsbehörden bei der geeigneten Auswahl und Anwendung solcher Kleidungsstücke für deren vorgesehene Einsatzbedingungen zu unterstützen.

Équipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 10: Sélection et application des équipements individuels de flottabilité et d'autres équipements pertinents (ISO 12402-10:2020)

Osebna plavalna oprema - 10. del: Izbira in uporaba osebne plavalne opreme in druge primerne opreme (ISO 12402-10:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
14-Oct-2020
Completion Date
14-Oct-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
01-december-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2006
Osebna plavalna oprema - 10. del: Izbira in uporaba osebne plavalne opreme in
druge primerne opreme (ISO 12402-10:2020)

Personal flotation devices - Part 10: Selection and application of personal flotation

devices and other relevant devices (ISO 12402-10:2020)
Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 10: Auswahl und Anwendung von persönlichen
Auftriebsmitteln und anderen entsprechenden Geräten (ISO 12402-10:2020)

Équipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 10: Sélection et application des

équipements individuels de flottabilité et d'autres équipements pertinents (ISO 12402-

10:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ICS:
13.340.70 Rešilni jopiči, vzgonska Lifejackets, buoyancy aids
pomagala in plavajoči and floating devices
pripomočki
SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
EN ISO 12402-10
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.70 Supersedes EN ISO 12402-10:2006
English Version
Personal flotation devices - Part 10: Selection and
application of personal flotation devices and other
relevant devices (ISO 12402-10:2020)

Équipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 10: Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 10: Auswahl und

Sélection et application des équipements individuels Anwendung von persönlichen Auftriebsmitteln und

de flottabilité et d'autres équipements pertinents (ISO anderen entsprechenden Geräten (ISO 12402-

12402-10:2020) 10:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 June 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 12402-10:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
EN ISO 12402-10:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
EN ISO 12402-10:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 12402-10:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188 "Small

craft" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and

arm protection and lifejackets” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 12402-10:2006.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 12402-10:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 12402-10:2020 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 12402-10
Second edition
2020-07
Personal flotation devices —
Part 10:
Selection and application of personal
flotation devices and other relevant
devices
Équipements individuels de flottabilité —
Partie 10: Sélection et application des équipements individuels de
flottabilité et d'autres équipements pertinents
Reference number
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Classification; risks and recommended areas of application ................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Performance criteria .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.3 Interaction with other devices or equipment .............................................................................................................. 5

4.4 Performance levels .............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4.1 Level 50 .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.4.2 Level 100................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4.3 Level 150................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4.4 Level 275................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.5 Selection and use ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Essentials that should be observed ................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 Personal flotation devices (PFDs) .......................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1.2 Risk assessment ...................................................................... .......................................................................................... 8

5.1.3 Interaction with clothing .......................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Accessories ..............................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.2 Location aids ....................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.3 Improved design ...........................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.4 Harnesses ............................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2.5 Sprayhood ...........................................................................................................................................................................10

5.3 Immersion suits ..................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3.2 Rationale ..............................................................................................................................................................................12

6 Guidance for risk management ..........................................................................................................................................................14

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.2 Description of operation and environment .................................................................................................................14

6.3 Identification of risk areas and establishment of safety levels ..................................................................14

6.4 Guidance for the identification of risk managing measures .........................................................................14

6.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.4.2 Measures to reduce risk..........................................................................................................................................14

6.4.3 Measures to reduce consequences ................................................................................................................14

6.4.4 Safety level management .......................................................................................................................................15

6.5 Guidance for the selection of a risk management ..................................................................................................15

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.5.2 Training .................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.5.3 Personal protective equipment ........................................................................................................................15

6.5.4 Rescue services ..............................................................................................................................................................15

6.6 Guidance for the selection of personal protective equipment ....................................................................15

6.7 Checklist.....................................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.7.1 Typical exposure hazards ......................................................................................................................................16

6.7.2 Constant use comfort and ergonomics ......................................................................................................16

6.7.3 Basic in-water safety functions ........................................................................................................................17

6.7.4 Search-and-rescue functions ..............................................................................................................................17

6.7.5 Additional hazards by emergency donning ...........................................................................................17

6.7.6 Factors that reduce performance ...................................................................................................................17

6.8 Example: evaluation of PPE for offshore workers, based on risk assessment ..............................17

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................19

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Subcommittee Small craft, SC 1,

Personal safety equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 12402-10:2006), which has been

technically revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— the document has been updated to be consistent with ISO 12402-2:2020 to ISO 12402-9:2020

(second editions).
A list of all parts in the ISO 12402 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
Introduction

ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 has been prepared to give guidance on the design and application

of personal flotation devices (hereafter referred to as PFDs) and immersion suits according to

ISO 15027 (all parts):2012. This document deals with personal floatation devices for persons engaged

in activities, whether in relation to their work or their leisure, in or near water. PFDs manufactured,

selected, and maintained to this International Standard give a reasonable level of safety against

drowning.

Based on a risk assessment, a PFD according to ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 can be used in combination

with other personal protection equipment (PPE) according to the European PPE Regulation (EU)

2016/425.

ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 and ISO 15027 (all parts):2012 neither cover life saving appliances (LSA) on

commercial vessels, which are regulated by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) under the

International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), nor devices used in aircraft, which are

under IATA rules. All those devices are equipment on board used in case of emergency and not suitable

for permanent use.
Rescue devices, throwable devices and flotation cushions are also not covered in
ISO 12402 (all parts):2020.

Devices under ISO 12402-2:2020 to ISO 12402-10:2020 and ISO 15027-1:2012 to ISO 15027-3:2012 are

regarded as personal protective equipment.
Performance criteria

PFDs can be divided into the following two main classes, based on their performance:

— lifejackets, providing face-up in-water support to the user regardless of physical conditions, and

— buoyancy aids, requiring swimming and other movements to keep the user with airways free out

of the water.
"Buoyancy" is a main criterion to meet those basic performances.

The ISO 12402 series: 2020 encourages manufacturers to adopt innovative designs of PFDs providing

buoyancy by a wide variety of materials, devices and performance levels.

Buoyancy can be provided by means requiring preparation before entering the water (e.g. inflation of

chambers by gas) or inherent materials.

"Inherently buoyant" provide permanent buoyancy; the user needs only to don the PFD to achieve full

performance.

"Inflatable PFDs" provide full buoyancy without further intervention other than arming. They can be

operated in fully automatic mode or require initiating the inflation (manual mode).

"Hybrid PFDs" provide some minimum inherent buoyancy but rely on additional inflatable buoyancy,

such as inflatable PFDs, to achieve full buoyancy.

1) The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is an institution with domicile in London issuing regulations

which are then published as laws by its Member States.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
Personal flotation devices —
Part 10:
Selection and application of personal flotation devices and
other relevant devices
1 Scope

This document provides requirements and recommendations for the selection and application of both

personal flotation devices (PFD) complying with the relevant Parts of the ISO 12402 series: 2020, and

immersion suits according to ISO 15027 (all parts):2012.

It is intended to assist manufacturers, suppliers, users and regulators in the appropriate selection and

application of those garments for the circumstances in which they will be used.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 12401:2009, Small craft — Deck safety harness and safety line — Safety requirements and test methods

ISO 12402-2:2020, Personal flotation devices — Part 2: Lifejackets, performance level 275 — Safety

requirements

ISO 12402-3:2020, Personal flotation devices — Part 3: Lifejackets, performance level 150 — Safety

requirements

ISO 12402-8:2020, Personal flotation devices — Part 8: Accessories — Safety requirements and test methods

ISO 12402-9:2020, Personal flotation devices — Part 9: Evaluation

ISO 15027-1:2012, Immersion suits — Part 1: Constant wear suits, requirements including safety

ISO 15027-2:2012, Immersion suits — Part 2: Abandonment suits, requirements including safety

ISO 15027-3:2012, Immersion suits — Part 3: Test methods
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 15027-1:2012 and the

following apply.

Where terms are defined below and in ISO 15027-1:2012, the definitions given below apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
3.1
personal flotation device
PFD

garment or device which, when correctly worn and used in water, provides the user with a specific

amount of buoyancy which increases the likelihood of survival
3.2
inherently buoyant
permanently less dense than water
3.3
automatic inflation

inflation of the PFD (3.1) without the user carrying out any action at the time of water immersion

3.4
emergency position indicating light
device which emits light so as to increase the chances of a user being located
3.5
multi-chamber buoyancy system

PFD (3.1) with buoyancy to meet the applicable PFD performance requirement provided by two or more

independent chambers
Note 1 to entry: This excludes supplemental inflation chambers.
3.6
deck safety harness

device that allows a user to be securely attached to a strong point on a vessel or on shore, preventing a

fall into the water or, if falling occurs, preventing separation from the vessel or shore

3.7
buddy line

length of cord which can be tied or otherwise fixed to another person or to that person's PFD (3.1) or

other objects, so as to keep a user in the vicinity of that person or object with a view to making location

and thus rescue easier
3.8
lifting loop
device which facilitates manual recovery of a person from water
3.9
protective cover

cover that is normally in place over the functional elements of a PFD (3.1) in order to protect them from

physical damage, or snagging on external objects

Note 1 to entry: The protective cover may be designed to provide additional properties, i.e. to make the PFDs

suitable for use when the subject is exposed to additional hazards, e.g. significant abrasion, molten metal splash,

flame and fire.

Note 2 to entry: The inflatable chamber of an inflatable PFD is an example of a functional element.

3.10
whistle

device which, when blown by mouth, produces an audible sound which can aid in the location of the user

3.11
hybrid PFD
PFD (3.1) of combined buoyancy types, i.e. inherent and inflatable
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
3.12
sheltered waters

water with protection from significant breaking waves, current, or strong winds, where the possibility

of being blown or carried away from shore or a place of safety is minimal
3.13
offshore

water that is unprotected and influenced by a variety of threat conditions such as waves, tide, currents,

or wind, at sea or on inland waters
4 Classification; risks and recommended areas of application
4.1 General

ISO 12402-2:2020 to ISO 12402-9:2020 have been developed to set safety requirements and test

methods for PFD and to support design and application of PFDs for persons engaged in activities,

related to their work or their leisure, in or near water.

A system of various classes and performance levels (see 4.4 and Figure 1) has been established to serve

the numerous needs.

The buoyancy of the device is the physical quantity determining its performance level. With regard to

the recommended basic application, both the conditions of environment (offshore, near shore, etc.) and

the type of clothing worn are the overriding criteria for the selection of PFDs.

The fundamental distinction between lifejackets and buoyancy aids divides the system. Lifejackets

provide face-up in-water support in case of unconsciousness in most conditions appropriate to their

level. Buoyancy aids require active movements from the user to keep their airway clear of the water.

Figure 1 illustrates a PFD label that conveys this information in plain text. Marking information

displaying the same information is shown in Figure 2.

PFDs manufactured, selected, and maintained in accordance with the relevant part of the ISO 12402

series: 2020 give a reasonable assurance of safety from drowning to a person who is immersed in water.

None of the PFDs however guarantee rescue.
They are always to be seen as means to reduce the risk of drowning.

PFDs can be provided in a wide variety of materials or designs. Some can require preparation before

entering the water, e.g. inflation of a chamber by gas from a cylinder.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
Figure 1 — Label specification
Figure 2 — Marking information
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12402-10:2020
ISO 12402-10:2020(E)
4.2 Performance criteria

Lifejackets and buoyancy aids according to ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 cover a number of performance

levels, which require a suitable type of buoyancy, activation methods for inflatable devices, and

auxiliary items (such as location aids). The selection of products should be based on a risk evaluation

considering the following factors, which will affect the user's probability of survival.

Automatically operating PFDs should be required and worn in activities where persons are likely to

enter the water unexpectedly.

Manual-only operated PFDs should be used only under certain circumstances, allowing for sufficient

time to activate the PFD, and with either prior training of the user or help close at hand.

In any case, the user shall ensure that the operation mode of the PFD is suited to the specific application.

The required inspection and maintenance is another factor to be regarded for the choice and application

of specific PFDs.
The
...

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