Fire resistance tests for service installations - Part 10: Smoke control dampers

This European Standard specifies test methods for smoke control dampers to assess their performance under elevated temperature or fire conditions.
It needs to be noted that the smoke control damper to be tested may require testing to EN 1366-2 and that this needs to be considered before carrying out these tests.
Smoke control damper tests are required to confirm that the furnace testing requirements of
EN 12101-8 are met and EN 12101-8 needs to be considered before carrying out these tests.
Smoke control dampers tested to this European Standard should be classified using EN 13501-4 and this European Standard needs to be considered before carrying out these tests.
To this end this European Standard needs to be read in conjunction with EN 12101-8, EN 13501-4, EN 1366-2 and EN 1363-1, the latter giving further details for fire resistance testing.
For installation details the requirements for smoke extraction ducts need to be considered and these are defined in EN 1366-8 and EN 1366-9.

Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen für Installationen - Teil 10: Entrauchungsklappen

Diese Europäische Norm legt Prüfverfahren für Entrauchungsklappen zur Beurteilung ihrer Leistung bei erhöhten Temperaturen oder unter Brandbedingungen fest.
Es sollte beachtet werden, dass gefordert sein kann, dass die zu prüfende Entrauchungsklappe nach EN 1366-2 geprüft wird. Dies ist vor der Durchführung dieser Prüfungen zu berücksichtigen.
Prüfungen an Entrauchungsklappen sind erforderlich, um zu beurteilen, ob die Brandschutzanforderungen nach EN 12101-8 erfüllt werden. EN 12101-8 ist vor der Durchführung dieser Prüfungen zu berücksichtigen
Entrauchungsklappen, die nach dieser Europäischen Norm erfolgreich geprüft wurden, sollten nach EN 13501-4 klassifiziert werden. Dies ist vor der Durchführung dieser Prüfungen zu berücksichtigen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt zusammen mit EN 12101-8, EN 13501-4, EN 1366-2 und EN 1363-1, wobei die letztgenannte weitere Einzelheiten zur Prüfung des Feuerwiderstands angibt.
Einbaudetails für Entrauchungsleitungen, die für diese Europäische Norm zu berücksichtigen sind, sind in EN 1366-8 und EN 1366-9 festgelegt.

Essais de résistance au feu des installations techniques - Partie 10: Volets de désenfumage

Preskusi požarne odpornosti servisnih inštalacij - 10. del: Dimne lopute

Ta evropski standard določa preskusne metode za dimne lopute za ocenjevanje njihovega delovanja pri povišanih temperaturah ali v požarnih razmerah.
Dimna loputa za preskušanje morda zahteva preskuse v skladu s standardom EN 1366-2, ki jih je treba izvesti še pred temi preskusi.
Preskusi dimnih loput morajo potrditi, da so zahteve za preskušanje peči iz standarda EN 12101-8 izpolnjene, pred izvajanjem teh preskusov pa je treba upoštevati standard EN 12101-8.
Dimne lopute, preskušene v skladu s tem evropskim standardom, je treba razvrstiti v skladu s standardom EN 13501-4, pred izvajanjem teh preskusov pa je treba upoštevati ta evropski standard.
V ta namen je treba ta evropski standard brati skupaj s standardi EN 12101-8, EN 13501-4, EN 1366-2 in EN 1363-1, pri čemer zadnji podaja dodatne podrobnosti glede preskušanja požarne odpornosti.
Pri podrobnostih za namestitev je treba upoštevati zahteve za kanale za odvod dima, ki so določene v standardih EN 1366-8 in EN 1366-9.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
04-Apr-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
05-Apr-2017
Completion Date
05-Apr-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Preskusi požarne odpornosti servisnih inštalacij - 10. del: Dimne loputeFeuerwiderstandsprüfungen für Installationen - Teil 10: EntrauchungsklappenEssais de résistance au feu des installations techniques - Partie 10: Volets de désenfumageFire resistance tests for service installations - Part 10: Smoke control dampers13.220.50Požarna odpornost gradbenih materialov in elementovFire-resistance of building materials and elementsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017en,fr,de01-julij-2017SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1366-10:20111DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1366-10:2011+A1
April
t r s y ICS
s uä t t rä w râ
{ sä s v rä u r Supersedes EN
s u x xæ s rã t r s sEnglish Version
Fire resistance tests for service installations æ Part

s rã Smoke control dampers Essais de résistance au feu des installations techniques æ Partie

s rã Volets de désenfumage
Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen für Installationen æ Teil
s rã Entrauchungsklappen This European Standard was approved by CEN on
x February
t r s s and includes Amendment
s approved by CEN on
x February
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s u x xæ s rã t r s s ªA sã t r s y ESIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8 4 Test equipment ............................................................................................................................................. 13 4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 4.2 Connecting duct for multi compartment fire resisting smoke control damper: maintenance of opening test and EN 1366-2 test ............................................................................. 13 4.3 Volume flow measuring station for multi compartment fire resisting smoke control damper: maintenance of opening test and EN 1366-2 test ............................................ 13 4.4 Plenum for High Operating Temperature (HOT) test ..................................................................... 13 4.5 Cycling equipment ....................................................................................................................................... 13 4.6 Condensing unit ............................................................................................................................................ 14 4.7 Gas temperature measuring devices ..................................................................................................... 14 4.8 Exhaust fan system ...................................................................................................................................... 14 4.9 Perforated plate ............................................................................................................................................ 14 4.10 Flow measurement nozzles (fire test) .................................................................................................. 15 4.11 Ambient leakage measuring device ....................................................................................................... 15 4.12 Pressure sensors for differential pressure control ......................................................................... 15 4.13 Welded connecting tube ............................................................................................................................ 15 4.14 Extract fan connecting duct ...................................................................................................................... 15 4.15 Extraction fan ................................................................................................................................................ 16 4.16 Thermocouples ............................................................................................................................................. 16 4.17 Oxygen measuring equipment................................................................................................................. 16 4.18 Observation windows ................................................................................................................................. 16 5 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................ 16 5.1 Cross-section .................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.2 Design ............................................................................................................................................................... 16 5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.2.2 Supporting constructions .......................................................................................................................... 16 5.2.3 Inclusion of grilles........................................................................................................................................ 17 6 Test methods.................................................................................................................................................. 17 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17 6.2 Initiation regimes for elevated temperature and fire tests .......................................................... 17 6.2.1 Smoke control damper for systems with automatic activation ................................................... 17 6.2.2 Smoke control damper for systems with manual intervention: ................................................. 18 6.3 Cycling test requirements (to form part of the sequences of testing defined below) ............................................................................................................................................................... 18 6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 6.3.2 Smoke control damper to be used in dedicated Smoke control systems, operated only in the case of emergency ............................................................................................... 18 6.3.3 Differential pressure conditions ............................................................................................................ 19 SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 3 6.4 Single compartment smoke control dampers mounted on the surface of a duct .................................................................................................................................................................... 19 6.4.1 Sequence .......................................................................................................................................................... 19 6.4.2 Ambient leakage ........................................................................................................................................... 19 6.4.3 Cycling test ...................................................................................................................................................... 19 6.4.4 Elevated temperature test ........................................................................................................................ 19 6.5 Multi compartment fire resisting smoke control dampers ........................................................... 20 6.5.1 Fire resistance test according to EN 1366-2 (for units mounted within or on the face of a compartment structure) ................................................................................................... 20 6.5.2 Maintenance of opening test (for units mounted within a compartment structure) ........................................................................................................................................................ 21 6.5.3 Horizontal duct test for surface mounted smoke control dampers on a horizontal duct .............................................................................................................................................. 21 6.5.4 Vertical duct test for surface mounted smoke control dampers ................................................ 22 6.6 Multi compartment fire resisting smoke control dampers (HOT Classification) ................................................................................................................................................ 24 6.6.1 Fire resistance test (for units mounted within or on the face of a compartment structure) ............................................................................................................................ 24 6.6.2 High operating test (HOT 400/30 - cycling and maintenance of opening test) ..................... 25 7 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 25 7.1 Pre-test calibration ...................................................................................................................................... 25 7.1.1 Oxygen-measuring instrument ............................................................................................................... 25 7.1.2 Perforated plate ............................................................................................................................................ 25 7.1.3 Leakage measurement at ambient temperature .............................................................................. 26 7.2 Fire test ............................................................................................................................................................ 26 7.2.1 Extraction fan ................................................................................................................................................ 26 7.2.2 Ignition of furnace ........................................................................................................................................ 26 7.2.3 Furnace conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 26 7.2.4 Temperatures and pressures .................................................................................................................. 27 7.2.5 Oxygen measurements ............................................................................................................................... 27 7.2.6 General observations .................................................................................................................................. 27 7.2.7 Reduction of cross-section/ maintenance of opening .................................................................... 27 7.2.8 Leakage calculations ................................................................................................................................... 27 7.3 Termination of test ...................................................................................................................................... 27 8 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 28 9 Direct field of application of test results ............................................................................................. 28 9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 9.2 Smoke control damper sizes .................................................................................................................... 28 9.3 Pressure difference ..................................................................................................................................... 29 9.4 Elevated temperatures ............................................................................................................................... 29 9.5 Cycling tests .................................................................................................................................................... 29 9.5.1 Smoke control dampers meeting the cycling requirements for modulating applications .................................................................................................................................................... 29 9.5.2 Smoke control dampers meeting the cycling requirements for use with combined smoke control and general HVAC applications and for smoke control systems that are cycle checked every day ........................................................................... 29 9.5.3 Smoke control dampers meeting the cycling requirements for smoke control dampers that are operated only in the case of emergency ........................................................... 29 9.6 Initiation method ......................................................................................................................................... 29 9.7 Application to duct constructions other than that tested ............................................................. 30 9.7.1 Single compartment smoke control dampers .................................................................................... 30 SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 4 9.7.2 Multi compartment smoke control dampers ..................................................................................... 30 Annex A (normative)

Cycling test .......................................................................................................................... 51 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51 A.2 Purpose of the test ....................................................................................................................................... 51 A.3 Method of Application ................................................................................................................................ 51 A.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51 A.3.2 Smoke Control Damper with single blade ........................................................................................... 51 A.3.3 Smoke control damper with multi blades of smaller area ............................................................ 52 A.3.4 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 53 A.4 Background for the torque value (informative) ............................................................................... 53 A.4.1 Threshold rates of the working condition of the system ............................................................... 53 A.4.2 Previous experience .................................................................................................................................... 53 Annex B (normative)

Leakage calculation from oxygen measurement .................................................. 55 B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 55 Annex C (normative)

Maintenance of opening calculation .......................................................................... 56 C.1 Calculation of the theoretical total mass Mmax of hot gases during the fire test .................... 56 C.1.1 Basis .................................................................................................................................................................. 56 C.1.2 Method ............................................................................................................................................................. 56 C.1.3 Summary ......................................................................................................................................................... 57 C.2 Calculation of the actual total mass Mactual of hot gases during the fire test ............................ 58 C.2.1 Basis .................................................................................................................................................................. 58 C.2.2 Method ............................................................................................................................................................. 59 C.2.3 Summary ......................................................................................................................................................... 59 C.3 Graphical representation of typical integral calculation from data .......................................... 61 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 62

SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 127 “Fire safety in buildings”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 2017-02-06. This document supersedes EN 1366-10:2011. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. EN 1366 ‘Fire resistance tests for service installations’ consists of the following Part 1: Ducts Part 2: Fire dampers Part 3: Penetration seals Part 4: Linear joint seals Part 5: Service ducts and shafts Part 6: Raised access and hollow core floors Part 7: Conveyor systems and their closures Part 8: Smoke extraction ducts Part 9: Single compartment smoke extraction ducts Part 10: Smoke control dampers Part 11: Fire protective systems for cable systems and associated components (in course of preparation) !Part 12: Non-mechanical fire barrier for ventilation ductwork" Part 13: Fire resistance tests for service installations - Part 13: 1-, -2, 3- sided ducts (in course of preparation) SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 6 According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 7 Introduction When smoke and heat exhaust ventilation are being considered, it becomes apparent that a clear path needs to be made between the area where heat and smoke is being generated (the fire) and the outside of the building. To create this path there need to be ducts and the smoke extract path needs to remain uninterrupted. This means that smoke control dampers at the fire and along the path have to be open and remain open. Smoke control dampers at branches, or on the surface of the duct, along the path need to be closed and remain closed. In fact, if the duct crosses a compartment boundary it becomes part of the fire compartment in which the fire started. The purpose of this European Standard is to define test methods to evaluate the abilities of smoke control dampers to 1) be applicable to single compartment and/or multi compartment fire resisting applications; 2) be applicable to automatic systems or systems with manual intervention; 3) change state from closed to open at elevated temperatures, and vice versa; 4) once opened maintain a defined cross sectional area at elevated temperature; 5) maintain a satisfactory leakage performance when subjected to negative pressure at elevated temperatures. The units need to be mounted for the tests in a manner representative of practice. Temperature and integrity measurements need to be carried out on various parts of the test construction during the test. Leakage measurements required need to be measured by direct flow measurement at the prescribed pressure differentials. Ambient leakage of the units needs also to be recorded. Performance of these tests need to allow products to comply with EN 12101-8 and be classified to EN 13501-4. The required temperatures, pressure differentials etc. are stated in EN 12101-8. Completing the tests within this European Standard does not ensure full compliance with EN 12101-8, as other, additional, requirements are defined in EN 12101-8. Some of these may be required to meet the classification requirements of EN 13501-4 as well. Caution The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this furnace testing is drawn to the fact that fire testing can be hazardous and that there is a possibility that toxic and/or harmful smoke and gases can be evolved during the test. Mechanical and operational hazards can also arise during the construction of the test elements or structures, their testing and disposal of test residues. An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health shall be made and safety precautions need to be identified and provided. Written safety instructions need to be issued. Appropriate training needs to be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel need to ensure that they follow written safety instructions at all times. SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 8 1 Scope This European Standard specifies test methods for smoke control dampers to assess their performance under elevated temperature or fire conditions. It needs to be noted that the smoke control damper to be tested may require testing to EN 1366-2 and that this needs to be considered before carrying out these tests. Smoke control damper tests are required to confirm that the furnace testing requirements of

EN 12101-8 are met and EN 12101-8 needs to be considered before carrying out these tests. Smoke control dampers tested to this European Standard should be classified using EN 13501-4 and this European Standard needs to be considered before carrying out these tests. To this end this European Standard needs to be read in conjunction with EN 12101-8, EN 13501-4, EN 1366-2 and EN 1363-1, the latter giving further details for fire resistance testing. For installation details the requirements for smoke extraction ducts need to be considered and these are defined in EN 1366-8 and EN 1366-9. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1363-1, Fire resistance tests — Part 1: General Requirements EN 1366-2, Fire resistance tests for service installations — Part 2: Fire dampers EN 1366-8, Fire resistance tests for service installations — Part 8: Smoke extraction ducts EN 1366-9, Fire resistance tests for service installations — Part 9: Single compartment smoke extraction ducts EN 1507, Ventilation for buildings — Sheet metal air ducts with rectangular section — Requirements for strength and leakage EN 1751, Ventilation for buildings — Air terminal devices — Aerodynamic testing of damper and valves EN 13501-4, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 4: Classification using data from fire resistance tests on components of smoke control systems EN ISO 5167-1, Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running full — Part 1: General principles and requirements (ISO 5167-1:2003) EN ISO 13943:2010, Fire safety — Vocabulary (ISO 13943:2008) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 13943:2010 and the following apply. SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 9 3.1 air inlet device connected to outside air to allow the inlet of air from outside the construction works 3.2 attended control room room with people, who have the duty to control the smoke exhaust system, permanently (24 h, seven days per week) monitor the incoming signals from the smoke control system and put the smoke control system into operation in case of smoke alarm NOTE This ensures that the smoke control system is running and items such as the smoke control dampers are in position within the system response time. 3.3 back-up power supply power supply to operate the system when the normal power supply has failed 3.4 commissioning act of ensuring that all components and the system are installed and operating in accordance with this European Standard 3.5 elevated temperature temperature in excess of normal ambient air, below those necessary for fire resistance testing, to which smoke and heat exhaust ducts for single compartments are tested 3.6 fire compartment enclosed space, comprising one or more separate spaces, bounded by elements of construction having a specified fire resistance and intended to prevent the spread of fire (in either direction) for a given period of time NOTE Fire compartment often has regulatory connotations. The term should not be confused with "room of origin" or "fire cell". 3.7 HVAC heating, ventilating and air conditioning (usually used in association with the word system) 3.8 interface control unit device which controls the operation of the actuator located at the smoke control damper or within the same fire zone as the smoke control damper – usually associated with a smoke control/fire alarm system 3.9 largest size this refers to the largest size of damper individual unit (as opposed to an assembly of units) proposed for sale/manufacture SIST EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017

EN 1366-10:2011+A1:2017 (E) 10 3.10 modulating actuators smoke control damper or fire damper control mechanism which can control the smoke control damper or fire damper to be in a position or number of positions between fully open and fully closed 3.11 multi compartment fire resisting smoke control dampers smoke control dampers for use in multi compartment areas, which may be associated with smoke control duct tested according to EN 1366-8 and/or may be installed within or on the f

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