Principles for selecting and using test persons for testing anthropometric aspects of industrial products and designs (ISO 15537:2022)

This document establishes methods for determining the composition of groups of persons whose anthropometric characteristics are to be representative of the intended user population of any specific object under test.
This document is applicable to the testing of anthropometric aspects of industrial products and designs having direct contact with the human body or dependent on human body measurements, such as machinery, work equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE), consumer goods, working spaces, architectural details or transportation equipment.
This document is also applicable to the testing of such safety aspects of products that are dependent on human body measurements. It does not deal with other aspects of the task or other requirements, such as perception of information (except geometrical arrangement of the viewing targets) and the use of controls (except their geometrical placement).
Although this document deals with selecting test persons from an anthropometric perspective, similar general principles can be applied for other test variables, e.g. biomechanical aspects.

Grundsätze für die Auswahl und den Einsatz von Prüfpersonen zur Prüfung anthropometrischer Aspekte von Industrieerzeugnissen und deren Gestaltung (ISO 15537:2022)

Dieses Dokument legt Verfahren zur Festlegung der Zusammensetzung von Personengruppen fest, deren anthropometrische Merkmale für die vorgesehene Benutzerpopulation jedes spezifischen zu prüfenden Gegenstandes als repräsentativ gelten.
Dieses Dokument ist anwendbar auf die Prüfung anthropometrischer Gesichtspunkte von industriellen Produkten und konstruktiven Gestaltungen, die in direktem Kontakt mit dem menschlichen Körper stehen oder von den menschlichen Körpermaßen abhängig sind, z. B. Maschinen, Arbeitsmittel, persönliche Schutzausrüstungen (PSA), Konsumgüter, Arbeitsräume, Einzelheiten der Bauausführung und Beförderungsmittel.
Dieses Dokument ist auch anwendbar auf die Prüfung solcher Sicherheitsaspekte von Produkten, die von menschlichen Körpermaßen abhängig sind. Es behandelt keine weiteren Gesichtspunkte der Aufgabe oder andere Anforderungen wie die Wahrnehmung von Informationen (außer der geometrischen Anordnung der zu beobachtenden Sichtziele) und die Benutzung von Bedienelementen (außer ihrer geometrischen Anordnung).
Obwohl dieses Dokument die Auswahl von Personen nach anthropometrischen Gesichtspunkten behandelt, können ähnliche allgemeine Grundsätze auf andere Prüfvariablen angewendet werden, z. B. auf biomechanische Gesichtspunkte.

Principes de choix et d'utilisation de sujets d'essai pour l'essai des aspects anthropométriques des produits industriels et leur conception (ISO 15537:2022)

Le présent document établit les méthodes permettant de déterminer la composition des groupes de personnes dont les caractéristiques anthropométriques seront représentatives de la population cible d’utilisateurs d’un objet donné soumis à l’essai.
Le présent document est applicable aux essais portant sur les aspects anthropométriques des produits industriels et de leur conception en contact direct avec le corps humain ou dépendant de ses mesures, par exemple les machines, les équipements de travail, les équipements de protection individuelle (EPI), les biens de consommation, les espaces de travail, les détails architecturaux ou les équipements de transport.
Le présent document est applicable également aux essais de produits portant sur les aspects liés à la sécurité qui dépendent des mesures du corps humain. Il ne traite pas des autres aspects d’une tâche ni d’autres exigences, telles que la perception des informations (à l’exception de l’agencement géométrique des signaux) et l’utilisation de commandes (à l’exception de leur positionnement géométrique).
Le présent document concerne la sélection de sujets d’essai d’un point de vue anthropométrique, mais des principes généraux similaires peuvent être appliqués à d’autres variables d’essai, par exemple les aspects biomécaniques.

Načela za izbiro in uporabo preskusnih oseb za preskušanje antropometričnih vidikov industrijskih proizvodov in načrtov (ISO 15537:2022)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-May-2022
Withdrawal Date
30-Dec-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
01-Jun-2022
Completion Date
01-Jun-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
01-december-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 15537:2005
Načela za izbiro in uporabo preskusnih oseb za preskušanje antropometričnih
vidikov industrijskih proizvodov in načrtov (ISO 15537:2022)
Principles for selecting and using test persons for testing anthropometric aspects of
industrial products and designs (ISO 15537:2022)
Grundsätze für die Auswahl und den Einsatz von Prüfpersonen zur Prüfung
anthropometrischer Aspekte von Industrieerzeugnissen und deren Gestaltung (ISO
15537:2022)
Principes de choix et d'utilisation de sujets d'essai pour l'essai des aspects
anthropométriques des produits industriels et leur conception (ISO 15537:2022)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 15537:2022
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
13.180 Ergonomija Ergonomics
SIST EN ISO 15537:2022 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022


EN ISO 15537
EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPÉENNE

June 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.110; 13.180 Supersedes EN ISO 15537:2004
English Version

Principles for selecting and using test persons for testing
anthropometric aspects of industrial products and designs
(ISO 15537:2022)
Principes de choix et d'utilisation de sujets d'essai pour Grundsätze für die Auswahl und den Einsatz von
l'essai des aspects anthropométriques des produits Prüfpersonen zur Prüfung anthropometrischer
industriels et leur conception (ISO 15537:2022) Aspekte von Industrieerzeugnissen und deren
Gestaltung (ISO 15537:2022)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 May 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN
member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.





EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 15537:2022 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
EN ISO 15537:2022 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 3

2

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
EN ISO 15537:2022 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN ISO 15537:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 159
"Ergonomics" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 122 “Ergonomics” the secretariat of
which is held by DIN.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2022, and conflicting national standards
shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2022.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN ISO 15537:2004.
Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards
body/national committee. A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of
North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the
United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice
The text of ISO 15537:2022 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 15537:2022 without any modification.

3

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15537
Second edition
2022-05
Principles for selecting and using test
persons for testing anthropometric
aspects of industrial products and
designs
Principes de choix et d'utilisation de sujets d'essai pour l'essai des
aspects anthropométriques des produits industriels et leur conception
Reference number
ISO 15537:2022(E)
© ISO 2022

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
ISO 15537:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may
be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on
the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below
or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
ISO 15537:2022(E)
Contents Page
Foreword .iv
Introduction .v
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
4 Types of tests. 2
4.1 General . 2
4.2 Screening test . 3
4.3 Detailed test . 3
5 Test with test persons or manikins . 3
5.1 General requirements and recommendations . 3
5.2 Procedure for testing . 3
5.3 Selection of test persons within the intended user population for screening test . 4
5.4 Selection of test persons within the intended user population for detailed test . 4
5.5 Experienced or inexperienced persons . 5
5.6 Criteria for acceptance of a product with regard to anthropometric aspects . 5
5.7 Documentation of the test procedure and the results . 5
Annex A (informative) Example of a test procedure for testing of anthropometric aspects
of an elevator . 6
Bibliography . 9
iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
ISO 15537:2022(E)
Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and
expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to
the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see
www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 159, Ergonomics, Subcommittee SC 3,
Anthropometry and biomechanics, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization
(CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 122, Ergonomics, in accordance with the Agreement on technical
cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 15537:2004), which has been technically
revised.
The main changes are as follows:
— the context has been broadened to include testing by computer-aided design (CAD);
— European values in tables have been replaced by global values.
Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A
complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
iv
  © ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
ISO 15537:2022(E)
Introduction
An investigation into how far ergonomic requirements are taken into consideration with regard to
industrial products and designs is often performed using test equipment that permits only one or a
few parameters (e.g. body height) to be registered. With regard to the concurrent multifunctional
testing and/or determination of product characteristics for which no technical testing procedures have
been established, one or more people are often designated as test persons and are observed and/or
questioned during or after product testing.
The reliability of any findings established in this way is very much dependent on the extent to which
the test persons represent the intended user group in different aspects. How well a product or design is
adjusted to the anthropometrics of the intended user population is dealt with in this document.
According to ISO 14738, workstations at machinery has to be designed with proper regard to the body
dimensions of the intended user population. One means to verify that a product or a design fulfils this
requirement is to set up a panel of test persons and let them test the product in different ways.
An example of the use of this document is given in Annex A.
v
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15537:2022(E)
Principles for selecting and using test persons for testing
anthropometric aspects of industrial products and designs
1 Scope
This document establishes methods for determining the composition of groups of persons whose
anthropometric characteristics are to be representative of the intended user population of any specific
object under test.
This document is applicable to the testing of anthropometric aspects of industrial products and designs
having direct contact with the human body or dependent on human body measurements, such as
machinery, work equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE), consumer goods, working spaces,
architectural details or transportation equipment.
This document is also applicable to the testing of such safety aspects of products that are dependent on
human body measurements. It does not deal with other aspects of the task or other requirements, such
as perception of information (except geometrical arrangement of the viewing targets) and the use of
controls (except their geometrical placement).
Although this document deals with selecting test persons from an anthropometric perspective, similar
general principles can be applied for other test variables, e.g. biomechanical aspects.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
critical dimension
dimension estimated to cause a major limitation for the usage from an anthropometrical point of view,
for the whole body or body parts, depending on the function of the product in question
Note 1 to entry: Critical dimension is related to reach, clearance, posture, contact pressure, vision or other
factors which may result in difficulties of use, discomfort or health risks.
Note 2 to entry: A product to be tested can have more than one critical dimension, for example a combination of a
reach dimension and a clearance dimension.
EXAMPLE The critical dimension for an access opening can be the width, or a combination of two dimensions,
for example the width and the opening height.
1
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 15537:2022
ISO 15537:2022(E)
3.2
critical anthropometric measurement
anthropometric measurement which is most affected by the critical dimensions of the product
Note 1 to entry: For instance, the critical anthropometric measurement for a person entering an opening for
whole body access is the one with the greatest constraint (e.g. the body height and/or the body width, depending
on the form of the access opening).
3.3
worst-case combination of critical dimensions and anthropometric measurements
combination of critical dimensions of the product, additional equipment and the critical anthropometric
measurement imposing the biggest restriction on a person who is able to use the product or design as
intended
3.4
slim body type
person for whom at least two width measurements (preferably shoulder width and hip breadth) and
two depth measurements (preferably chest depth and abdominal depth) are smaller than the figure
representing the 25th percentile or, where this figure is not available, the average value of the 5th and
the 50th (mean) percentile for the population in question
3.5
corpulent body type
person for whom at least two breadth measurements (preferably shoulder breadth and hip breadth)
and two depth measurements (preferably chest depth and abdominal depth) are bigger than the figure
representing the 75th percentile or, where this figure is not available, the average value of the 50th
percentile (mean) and the 95th percentile for the population in question
3.6
medium body type
person who is
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
01-julij-2021
Načela za izbiro in uporabo preskusnih oseb za preskušanje antropometričnih
vidikov industrijskih proizvodov in načrtov (ISO/DIS 15537:2021)
Principles for selecting and using test persons for testing anthropometric aspects of
industrial products and designs (ISO/DIS 15537:2021)
Grundsätze für die Auswahl und den Einsatz von Prüfpersonen zur Prüfung
anthropometrischer Aspekte von Industrieerzeugnissen und deren Gestaltung (ISO/DIS
15537:2021)
Principes de choix et d'utilisation de sujets d'essai pour l'essai des aspects
anthropométriques des produits industriels et leur conception (ISO/DIS 15537:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 15537
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
13.180 Ergonomija Ergonomics
oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021

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oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 15537
ISO/TC 159/SC 3 Secretariat: JISC
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2021-05-06 2021-07-29
Principles for selecting and using test persons for testing
anthropometric aspects of industrial products and designs
Principes de choix et d'utilisation de sujets d'essai pour l'essai des aspects anthropométriques des produits
industriels et leur conception
ICS: 13.110; 13.180
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 15537:2021(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
©
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2021

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oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
ISO 15537:2004(E)
ISO/DIS 15537:2021(E)

Contents Page
Foreword .iii
Introduction . iv
1 Scope .1
2 Normative references .1
3 Terms and definitions .1
4 Types of tests .2
4.1 General .2
4.2 Screening test .3
4.3 Det ailed t e st .3
5 Test with test persons .3
5.1 General requirements and recommendations .3
5.2 Procedure for testing .3
5.3 Selection of test persons within the intended user population for screening test .4
5.4 Selection of test persons within the intended user population for detailed test .4
5.5 Experienced or inexperienced persons .5
5.6 Criteria for acceptance of a product with regard to anthropometric aspects .5
5.7 Documentation of the test procedure and the results .6
Annex A (informative) Example of a test procedure for testing of anthropometric aspects of an
elevator .7
Bibliography . 10

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may
be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting
on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address
below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
ii © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47

Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
ISO/DIS 15537:2021(E)
Contents Page
Foreword .iii
Introduction . iv
1 Scope .1
2 Normative references .1
3 Terms and definitions .1
4 Types of tests .2
4.1 General .2
4.2 Screening test .3
4.3 Detailed test .3
5 Test with test persons .3
5.1 General requirements and recommendations .3
5.2 Procedure for testing .3
5.3 Selection of test persons within the intended user population for screening test .4
5.4 Selection of test persons within the intended user population for detailed test .4
5.5 Experienced or inexperienced persons .5
5.6 Criteria for acceptance of a product with regard to anthropometric aspects .5
5.7 Documentation of the test procedure and the results .6
Annex A (informative) Example of a test procedure for testing of anthropometric aspects of an
elevator .7
Bibliography . 10
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved

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oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
ISO/DIS 15537:2021(E)
Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies
(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been
established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and
non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.
The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards
adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an
International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
ISO 15537 was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee
CEN/TC 122, Ergonomics, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 159, Ergonomics, Subcommittee
SC 3, Anthropometry and biomechanics, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between
ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii

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oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
ISO/DIS 15537:2021(E)
Introduction
An investigation into how far ergonomic requirements are taken into consideration with regard to industrial
products and designs is often performed using test equipment, giving possibilities to register only one parameter
(for example only the body height) or perhaps a few parameters. With regard to the concurrent multifunctional
testing and/or determination of product characteristics for which no technical testing procedures have been laid
down, one or several persons are often designated as test persons and are observed and/or questioned while
or after using the product under test.
The reliability of any findings established in this way is very much dependent on the extent to which the test
persons represent the intended user group in different aspects. How well a product or design is adjusted to the
anthropometrics of the intended user population is dealt with in this International Standard.
According to EN 614-1, work equipment, e.g. machinery, has to be designed with proper regard to the body
dimensions of the intended user population. One means to verify that a product or a design fulfils this
requirement is to set up a panel of test persons and let them test the product in different ways.
An example of the use of this International Standard is given in Annex A (informative).
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved

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oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 15537:2021(E)
Principles for selecting and using test persons for testing
anthropometric aspects of industrial products and designs
1 Scope
This International Standard establishes methods for determining the composition of groups of persons whose
anthropometric characteristics are to be representative of the intended user population of any specific object
under test.
This International Standard is applicable to the testing of anthropometric aspects of industrial products and
designs having direct contact with the human body or dependent on human body measurements, e.g. machinery,
work equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE), consumer goods, working spaces, architectural details
or transportation equipment.
This International Standard is also applicable to the testing of such safety aspects of products that are
dependent on human body measurements. It does not deal with other aspects of the task or other requirements,
such as perception of information (except geometrical arrangement of the viewing targets) and the use of
controls (except their geometrical placement).
Although this International Standard deals with selecting test persons from an anthropometric perspective,
similar general principles could be applied for other test variables, e.g. biomechanical aspects.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document
(including any amendments) applies.
ISO 7250-1:2017, Basic human body measurements for technological design – Part 1: Body measurement
definitions and landmarks
ISO 7250-3:2015 Basic human body measurements for technological design - Part 3: Worldwide and regional
design ranges for use in product standards
ISO 15534-3:2000, Ergonomic design for the safety of machinery — Part 3: Anthropometric data
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
critical dimension of a product to be tested
dimension estimated to cause a major limitation for the usage from an anthropometrical point of view, for the
whole body or body parts, depending on the function of the product in question
NOTE 1 Critical dimension is related to reach, clearance, posture, contact pressure, visionor other factors which may
result in difficulties of use, discomfort or health risks.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1

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oSIST prEN ISO 15537:2021
ISO/DIS 15537:2021(E)
NOTE 2 A product to be tested can have more than one critical dimension, for example, a combination of a reach- and
a clearance-dimension.
EXAMPLE The critical dimension for an access opening could be the width, or a combination of two dimensions, for
example the width and the opening height.
3.2
critical anthropometric measurement
anthropometric measurement which is most affected by the critical dimensions of the product
NOTE For instance, the critical anthropometric measurement for a person entering an opening for whole body access
is the one with the greatest constraint (for example, the body height and/or the body width, depending on the form of the
access opening).
3.3
worst-case combination of critical dimensions and anthropometric measurements
combination of critical dimensions of the product, additional equipment and the critical anthropometric
measurement imposing the biggest restriction on a person who is able to use the product or design as intended
3.4
slim body type
person for whom at least two width measurements (preferably shoulder width and hip breadth) and two depth
measurements (preferably chest depth and abdominal depth) are smaller than the figure representing the 25th
percentile or, where this figure is not available, the average value of the 5th and the 50th (mean) percentile for
the population in question
3.5
corpulent body type
person for whom at least two breadth measurements (preferably shoulder breadth and hip breadth) and two
depth measurements (preferably chest depth and abdominal depth) are bigger than the figure representing the
75th percentile or, where this figure is not available, the average value of the 50th percentile (mean) and the
95th percentile for the population in question
3.6
medium body type
person belonging neither to the slim nor to the corpulent body type
4 Types of tests
4.1 General
Testing may be done with living humans or with virtual humans, sometimes known as computer manikins.
Current design processes often involve computer-aided design (CAD) systems, where it is possible to insert
virtual humans into the CAD design process. See ISO 15536-1 and ISO 15536-2 for information on computer
manikins. The tests described below can be done with living humans in a physical mockup or with virtual humans
in a CAD environment. If virtual humans are used, users are cautioned to assess the validity of the models
before assuming accurate test results.
Test participants – virtual or human – are defined by anthropometry. The simplest designs require
anthropometric information on only a few dimensions. In such cases, defining test participants using population
percentiles may be appropriate. For more complex designs, using percentile
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