Safety of amusement rides and amusement devices - Part 1: Design and manufacture

This document specifies the minimum requirements necessary to ensure the safe design, calculation, manufacture, and installation of mobile, temporary or permanently installed machinery and structures which are intended for use by persons as a leisure activity, e.g. roundabouts, swings, boats, ferris wheels, roller coasters, chutes, booths, side shows, and structures for artistic aerial displays. The above items are hereafter called amusement devices, which are intended to be installed both repeatedly without degradation or loss of integrity, and temporarily or permanently in fairgrounds and amusement parks or any other locations. Grandstands, construction site installations, scaffolding, removable agricultural structures, simple coin operated children's amusement devices, carrying up to three children, and recreational devices like waterslides or summer toboggan runs, playground equipment, rope courses, climbing wall, inflatable, trampolines, swimming pool equipment (this list is not exhaustive) are not covered by this document.
For all the equipment not covered by the requirements of EN 13814-1, the relevant standards apply.
Nevertheless this document can be used in the design of any similar structural or passenger carrying amusement device not explicitly mentioned herein.
In terms of workers’ health and safety, national regulations apply.
This document is applicable to manufacturing and major modification of amusement devices and rides for designs after the effective date of publication.

Sicherheit von Fahrgeschäften und Vergnügungseinrichtungen - Teil 1: Konstruktion, Bemessung und Herstellung

Dieses Dokument legt grundlegende Anforderungen fest, um die Sicherheit bezüglich Entwurf, Berechnung, Herstellung und Aufstellung von mobilen, vorübergehend oder dauerhaft installierten Vergnügungsanlagen, die für den Gebrauch durch Personen als Freizeitbeschäftigung vorgesehen sind, wie z. B. Karusselle, Schaukeln, Boote, Riesenräder, Achterbahnen, Rutschen, Buden, Schaugeschäfte und Aufbauten für artistische Vorstellungen, sicherzustellen. Im Folgenden Vergnügungsanlagen, Fahrgeschäfte oder Fliegende Bauten genannt, sind diese sowohl zu einem wiederholten Aufbau ohne Substanzverlust als auch vorübergehend oder dauerhaft auf Veranstaltungsplätzen, in Vergnügungsparks oder anderen Örtlichkeiten vorgesehen. Feste Tribünen, Bau  und andere Gerüste sowie entfernbare landwirtschaftliche Konstruktionen und einfache münz¬betriebene Vergnügungsanlagen für Kinder, die bis zu drei Kinder tragen sowie Sport  und Freizeitanlagen, wie Wasserrutschen oder Sommerrodelbahnen, Spielplatzgeräte, Seilgärten, Kletterwände, Hüpfburgen, Trampoline, Schwimmbadgeräte (diese Liste ist nicht vollständig) sind nicht Gegenstand dieses Dokumentes.
Für alle Einrichtungen, die nicht von den Anforderungen nach EN 13814 1 behandelt werden, gelten die entsprechenden Normen.
Dieses Dokument kann auch für den Entwurf ähnlicher Bauten oder fahrgastbefördernder Vergnügungsanlagen verwendet werden, selbst wenn diese hier nicht explizit erwähnt sind.
Für Belange des Arbeits  und Gesundheitsschutzes gelten nationale Vorschriften.
Dieses Dokument gilt für die Herstellung und für größere Modifikationen von Vergnügungsanlagen und Fahrgeschäften, deren Entwurf nach dem Zeitpunkt der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokumentes datiert.

Sécurité des manèges et des dispositifs de divertissement - Partie 1 : Conception et fabrication

Le présent document spécifie les exigences minimales nécessaires pour garantir la conception, les calculs, la fabrication et l’installation en toute sécurité de machines et structures mobiles, temporaires ou installées de manière permanente qui sont destinées à être utilisées par des personnes comme activités de loisirs, par exemple les manèges circulaires, les balançoires, les embarcations, les grandes roues, les montagnes russes, les toboggans, les baraques, les attractions en baraque et les structures pour démonstrations aériennes artistiques. Les dispositifs énumérés ci-dessus, appelés ci-après « dispositifs de divertissement », sont destinés à être installés de manière répétitive sans dégradation ni perte d’intégrité, que ce soit temporairement ou définitivement, dans des fêtes foraines, des parcs d’attraction ou d’autres emplacements. Les tribunes, les installations des chantiers de construction, les échafaudages et les structures agricoles amovibles, les dispositifs de divertissement pour enfants actionnés par un simple jeton ne transportant pas plus de trois enfants, ainsi que les dispositifs de divertissement comme les toboggans aquatiques ou les pistes de luge d’été, les équipements pour aires de jeux, les parcours accrobranches, les murs d’escalade, les équipements gonflables, les trampolines, les équipements de piscine (cette liste n’est pas exhaustive) ne sont pas couverts par le présent document.
Pour tous les équipements non couverts par les exigences de l’EN 13814 1, les normes pertinentes s’appliquent.
Néanmoins, le présent document peut être utilisé pour la conception de tout dispositif de divertissement structural ou de transport de passagers similaire non mentionné explicitement dans le présent document.
En matière de santé et de sécurité des ouvriers, les réglementations nationales s’appliquent.
Le présent document s’applique à la fabrication et à la modification majeure de manèges et dispositifs de divertissement pour des conceptions après la date effective de publication.

Varnost naprav in opreme v zabaviščnih parkih - 1. del: Načrtovanje in izdelava

Ta dokument določa minimalne zahteve, ki so nujne za zagotavljanje varnega načrtovanja, izračunavanja, izdelovanja in nameščanja mobilnih, začasnih ali stalno nameščenih strojev in konstrukcij, ki so namenjene za prostočasne dejavnosti ljudi, na primer vrtiljaki, gugalnice, ladje, razgledna kolesa, vlakci, žlebovi, tribune, membrane ali tekstilne strukture, kabine, odri, stranski odri in konstrukcije za umetniške zračne predstave. Zgoraj omenjene konstrukcije so v nadaljevanju imenovane oprema v zabaviščnih parkih, ki je namenjena tako za večkratno nameščanje brez degradacije ali zmanjšane neokrnjenosti kot tudi za začasno ali stalno nameščanje v zabaviščih in zabaviščnih parkih ali na kateri koli drugi lokaciji. Fiksna stojišča, gradbiščne konstrukcije, odri, odstranljive kmetijske konstrukcije in preproste naprave na kovance v zabaviščnih parkih, ki so namenjene za največ tri otroke, niso zajeti v tem dokumentu.
Kljub temu se lahko ta dokument uporabi pri načrtovanju katere koli podobne konstrukcije ali nosilne naprave, ki tu ni izrecno omenjena.
Ta dokument ne obravnava obstoječih nacionalnih pravil o varnosti delavcev.
Ta dokument se uporablja za izdelavo ter večje spremembe naprav in opreme v zabaviščnih parkih, ki je izdelana po načrtih po objavi tega standarda.
Ta standard se ne uporablja za izdelavo že obstoječih načrtov, pripravljenih v skladu s standardom EN 13814:2004, za obdobje 5 let po izdaji tega standarda.
Standard prEN 13814-3:2016 vsebuje zahteve za nadzor med načrtovanjem, izdelavo, delovanjem in uporabo.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-May-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
29-May-2019
Completion Date
29-May-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13814-1:2019
01-september-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13814:2005
Varnost naprav in opreme v zabaviščnih parkih - 1. del: Načrtovanje in izdelava
Safety of amusement rides and amusement devices - Part 1: Design and manufacture

Sicherheit von Fahrgeschäften und Vergnügungseinrichtungen - Teil 1: Konstruktion,

Bemessung und Herstellung

Sécurité des manèges et des dispositifs de divertissement - Partie 1: Conception et

fabrication
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13814-1:2019
ICS:
97.200.40 Igrišča Playgrounds
SIST EN 13814-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13814-1:2019
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SIST EN 13814-1:2019
EN 13814-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.40 Supersedes EN 13814:2004
English Version
Safety of amusement rides and amusement devices - Part
1: Design and manufacture
Sécurité des manèges et des dispositifs de Sicherheit von Fahrgeschäften und

divertissement - Partie 1: Conception et fabrication Vergnügungseinrichtungen - Teil 1: Konstruktion,

Bemessung und Herstellung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 May 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13814-1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13814-1:2019
EN 13814-1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................. 11

4 Requirements for design analysis .......................................................................................................... 16

4.1 Design documents......................................................................................................................................... 16

4.1.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.1.2 Design risk assessment ............................................................................................................................... 16

4.1.3 Description of design and operation ..................................................................................................... 16

4.1.4 Design and manufacturing drawings ..................................................................................................... 16

4.1.5 Principles of analysis ................................................................................................................................... 17

4.2 Selection of materials .................................................................................................................................. 18

4.2.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 18

4.2.2 Recommended steels ................................................................................................................................... 18

4.2.3 Aluminium alloy ............................................................................................................................................ 19

4.2.4 Timber .............................................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.5 Plastic composites ........................................................................................................................................ 19

4.2.6 Concrete ........................................................................................................................................................... 19

4.2.7 Fasteners for structural components .................................................................................................... 19

4.2.8 Standards relating to ropes, chains, safety devices, connectors and adapters ...................... 19

4.3 Design loads .................................................................................................................................................... 20

4.3.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 20

4.3.2 Permanent actions ....................................................................................................................................... 21

4.3.3 Variable actions ............................................................................................................................................. 21

4.3.4 Seismic forces ................................................................................................................................................. 25

4.3.5 Applicable coefficients ................................................................................................................................ 26

4.3.6 Load combination ......................................................................................................................................... 27

4.4 Structural analysis – Principles ............................................................................................................... 28

4.4.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 28

4.4.2 Analysis principles for various types of rides .................................................................................... 29

4.4.3 Other railways with track-bound vehicles .......................................................................................... 33

4.5 Verification of stability ............................................................................................................................... 34

4.5.1 Safety against overturning, sliding and lifting ................................................................................... 34

4.6 Ground anchorage ........................................................................................................................................ 36

4.6.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 36

4.6.2 Design load bearing capacity of weight anchors ............................................................................... 37

4.6.3 Design load bearing capacity of rod anchors ...................................................................................... 37

4.6.4 Testing of anchors (Numbering) ............................................................................................................. 39

4.6.5 Calculation of loads on anchors ............................................................................................................... 39

4.6.6 Further requirements ................................................................................................................................. 40

4.6.7 Ground support for packing ...................................................................................................................... 41

4.7 Verification of strength ............................................................................................................................... 41

4.7.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 41

4.7.2 Predominantly static stress ...................................................................................................................... 42

4.7.3 Fluctuating stress .......................................................................................................................................... 42

4.7.4 Bolts ................................................................................................................................................................... 45

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SIST EN 13814-1:2019
EN 13814-1:2019 (E)

4.7.5 Ropes, chains, safety devices, connectors and adapters ................................................................ 47

4.8 Structural design and construction ....................................................................................................... 49

4.8.1 Arrangement, accessibility........................................................................................................................ 49

4.8.2 Locking and safety devices for fasteners ............................................................................................. 49

4.8.3 Joints intended for regular dismantling ............................................................................................... 49

4.8.4 Designing of components subject to fluctuating loads .................................................................... 50

4.8.5 Supports ........................................................................................................................................................... 50

4.8.6 Central masts .................................................................................................................................................. 50

4.8.7 Prevention of corrosion and rot .............................................................................................................. 50

5 Requirements for design and manufacture of rides and structures .......................................... 50

5.1 Risk reduction by prevailing design and safety measures ............................................................ 50

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

5.1.2 Risk assessment ............................................................................................................................................ 51

5.1.3 Risk reduction for platforms, ramps, floors, stairs and walkways ............................................. 52

5.1.4 Risk reduction by the use of barriers, fencing and guarding ........................................................ 56

5.1.5 Guarding of machinery parts.................................................................................................................... 60

5.1.6 Risk reduction in the case of access and egress ................................................................................ 60

5.1.7 Risk reduction for passengers units ...................................................................................................... 62

5.1.8 Requirements by special provisions ..................................................................................................... 74

5.2 Supplementary safety requirements for various types of amusement device ....................... 75

5.2.1 Amusement rides with vertical axis ...................................................................................................... 75

5.2.2 Amusement rides with horizontal axis ................................................................................................. 77

5.2.3 Rail-guided channel or track-bound amusement devices ............................................................. 79

5.2.4 Dodgem cars/Bumper cars ....................................................................................................................... 81

5.2.5 Speedways/Go-karts ................................................................................................................................... 86

5.2.6 Mini-motorbikes for children .................................................................................................................. 86

5.2.7 Boat rides ......................................................................................................................................................... 87

5.2.8 Flume rides ..................................................................................................................................................... 88

5.2.9 Helter skelters, slides, etc .......................................................................................................................... 89

5.2.10 Side shows, booths, win-a-prize and sales stands, mazes, halls of mirrors, fun houses,

labyrinths, hammers, ring the bell and similar ................................................................................. 90

5.2.11 Shooting stands and trailers, shooting devices ................................................................................. 92

5.3 Mechanical systems ..................................................................................................................................... 94

5.3.1 Hydraulic and pneumatic devices .......................................................................................................... 94

5.3.2 Lifting and elevating units being integral part of a ride ................................................................. 96

5.4 Manufacture and supply ............................................................................................................................ 99

5.4.1 Manufacturer ................................................................................................................................................. 99

5.4.2 Quality assurance — Quality plan ....................................................................................................... 100

5.4.3 Manufacturing process ............................................................................................................................ 101

5.4.4 Safety precautions to be taken by the manufacturer ................................................................... 103

5.4.5 Electrical installations ............................................................................................................................. 103

5.5 Supply ............................................................................................................................................................ 103

5.5.1 Manuals ......................................................................................................................................................... 103

5.5.2 Special information ................................................................................................................................... 105

5.5.3 Drawings and diagrams ........................................................................................................................... 105

5.6 Design documentation ............................................................................................................................. 105

5.6.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 105

5.6.2 Description of installation and technical specification/information ..................................... 106

5.7 Amusement Device Log ........................................................................................................................... 106

5.7.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 106

5.8 Official technical dossier ......................................................................................................................... 108

5.8.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 108

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EN 13814-1:2019 (E)

5.8.2 Content ........................................................................................................................................................... 108

5.8.3 Identification marking ............................................................................................................................. 109

Annex A (normative) Electrical equipment and control systems .......................................................... 110

A.1 Electrical equipment................................................................................................................................. 110

A.1.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 110

A.1.2 Protection against electric shocks ....................................................................................................... 110

A.1.3 Protection against lightning................................................................................................................... 111

A.1.4 Lighting .......................................................................................................................................................... 111

A.1.5 Generators .................................................................................................................................................... 112

A.1.6 Heaters and light fittings ......................................................................................................................... 112

A.1.7 Communication system ........................................................................................................................... 112

A.2 Control Systems .......................................................................................................................................... 112

A.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 112

A.2.2 Safety-related control functions ........................................................................................................... 113

A.2.3 Safety-related parameters ...................................................................................................................... 114

A.2.4 Passenger restraints ................................................................................................................................. 115

A.2.5 Fall Prevention ............................................................................................................................................ 116

A.2.6 Inhibiting of safety functions ................................................................................................................. 117

A.2.7 Operating modes ........................................................................................................................................ 118

A.2.8 Collision prevention safety function ................................................................................................... 120

Annex B (informative) Control systems - Best practices .......................................................................... 122

B.1 Security .......................................................................................................................................................... 122

B.2 Example block zone logic ........................................................................................................................ 122

B.3 Requirements for the positioning of sensors and stopping devices ....................................... 122

Annex C (informative) Guidance on design of passenger containment .............................................. 124

Annex D (informative) Amusement Device Log for an amusement device ........................................ 129

Annex E (informative) List of main hazards, hazardous situations and events for spectators

and passengers during the operation and use of amusement rides ....................................... 150

Annex F (informative) Guest behaviour ......................................................................................................... 154

F.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................... 154

F.2 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................................................. 154

F.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 154

F.2.2 Boarding passengers ................................................................................................................................ 154

F.2.3 Riding passengers ...................................................................................................................................... 154

F.2.4 Exiting passengers ..................................................................................................................................... 154

F.2.5 Waiting passenger ..................................................................................................................................... 154

F.2.6 Behaviour ..................................................................................................................................................... 154

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SIST EN 13814-1:2019
EN 13814-1:2019 (E)

F.2.7 Foreseeable behaviour ............................................................................................................................ 154

F.2.8 Parent or Supervision Companion ...................................................................................................... 155

F.2.9 Child ................................................................................................................................................................ 155

F.2.10 Information to public ............................................................................................................................... 155

F.2.11 Parents or Supervision Companions accompanying children .................................................. 155

F.3 Classification of age and basic capabilities ...................................................................................... 155

F.4 Human factors ............................................................................................................................................. 157

F.5 General Strategy of Risk mitigation in Guest Behaviour ............................................................. 157

F.5.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 157

F.5.2 Adults ............................................................................................................................................................. 157

F.5.3 Refusal of access ......................................................................................................................................... 158

F.5.4 Normal Behaviour ..................................................................................................................................... 158

F.5.5 Unacceptable behaviour ......................................................................................................................... 158

Annex G (informative) Limited accessibility to amusement devices ................................................... 159

Annex H (informative) Safety envelope for passengers ........................................................................... 161

H.1 Design Criteria ............................................................................................................................................ 161

H.2 Anthropometric Basis .............................................................................................................................. 161

H.3 Methods for Defining Safety Envelope Boundaries ....................................................................... 161

H.3.1 Documentation ........................................................................................................................................... 161

H.3.2 Prerequisites ............................................................................................................................................... 162

H.3.3 Safety envelopes ......................................................................................................................................... 162

H.3.4 Hazards and related safety envelope class ....................................................................................... 162

Annex I (informative) Acceleration effects on passengers ...................................................................... 164

I.1 Medical tolerance – General .................................................................................................................. 164

I.2 Rides ............................................................................................................................................................... 165

I.2.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 165

I.2.2 General Definitions and Limitations................................................................................................... 165

I.2.3 Acceleration in X-Direction .................................................................................................................... 165

I.2.4 Acceleration in Y-Direction .................................................................................................................... 166

I.2.5 Acceleration in Z-direction (parallel to Spine) ............................................................................... 167

I.2.6 Combinations .............................................................................................................................................. 168

I.3 Reversals ....................................................................................................................................................... 169

I.3.1 Reversals in X and Y .................................................................................................................................. 169

I.3.2 Transitions in Z .......................................................................................................................................... 170

I.4 Example obtaining admissible accelerations .................................................................................. 172

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 174

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SIST EN 13814-1:2019
EN 13814-1:2019 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 13814-1:2019) has been prep
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