Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 11: Combined machines (ISO 19085-11:2020)

This document gives the safety requirements and measures for stationary and displaceable combined woodworking machines, having at least two separately usable working units and with manual loading and unloading of the workpiece, hereinafter referred to as "machines". The integrated working units can be of these types only:
— a sawing unit;
— a moulding unit;
— a planing unit.
The machines are designed to cut solid wood and material with similar physical characteristics to wood.
NOTE 1 For the definitions of stationary and displaceable machines, see ISO 19085‑1:2017, 3.4 and 3.5.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as listed in Clause 4, relevant to the machines, when operated, adjusted and maintained as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer including reasonably foreseeable misuse. Also, transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping phases have been taken into account.
NOTE 2 For relevant but not significant hazards, e.g. sharp edges of the machine frame, see ISO 12100:2010.
This document does apply to machines also equipped with the devices/additional working units listed in the Scopes of ISO 19085‑5:2017, ISO 19085‑6:2017, ISO 19085-7:2019 and ISO 19085-9:2019.
This document does not apply to:
a) machines incorporating only a planing unit and a mortising device;
NOTE 3 Such machines are dealt with in ISO 19085-7:2019.
b) combined machines incorporating a band saw unit;
c) machines with a mortising unit with a separate drive other than the planing unit drive;
d) machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmosphere;
e) machines manufactured before the date of its publication as an International Standard.

Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 11: Kombinierte Maschinen (ISO 19085-11:2020)

Dieses Dokument stellt Sicherheitsanforderungen und Maßnahmen für stationäre und verschiebbare kombinierte Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen mit mindestens zwei getrennt nutzbaren Arbeitseinheiten und mit Handbeschickung und Handentnahme des Werkstücks zur Verfügung, nachfolgend als „Maschinen“ bezeichnet. Die integrierten Arbeitseinheiten können nur dieses Typs sein:
- eine Sägeeinheit;
- eine Fräseinheit;
- eine Hobeleinheit.
Die Maschinen sind für das Schneiden von Massivholz und Werkstoffen mit ähnlichen physikalischen Eigenschaften wie Holz konzipiert.
ANMERKUNG 1 Hinsichtlich der Definitionen von stationären und verschiebbaren Maschinen siehe ISO 19085 1:2017, 3.4 und 3.5.
Dieses Dokument behandelt alle in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführten signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse, die auf die Maschinen zutreffen, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und entsprechend den vom Hersteller vorgesehenen Bedingungen verwendet, eingestellt und gewartet werden, einschließlich des vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Fehlgebrauchs. Ferner werden die Phasen Transport, Montage, Demontage, Rückbau und Verschrottung berücksichtigt.
ANMERKUNG 2 Hinsichtlich zutreffender, aber nicht signifikanter Gefährdungen, z. B. scharfe Kanten des Maschinengestells, siehe ISO 12100:2010.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Maschinen, die auch mit den in den Anwendungsbereichen von ISO 19085 5:2017, ISO 19085 6:2017, ISO 19085 7:2019, und ISO 19085 9:2019 aufgeführten Einrichtungen/zusätzlichen Arbeitseinheiten ausgestattet sind.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für:
a) Maschinen nur mit einer Hobeleinheit und einer Langlochbohreinrichtung;
ANMERKUNG 3 Solche Maschinen werden in ISO 19085 7:2019 behandelt.
b) kombinierte Maschinen mit einer Bandsägeeinheit;
c) Maschinen mit einer Langlochbohreinheit mit einem separaten Antrieb, der sich von dem Antrieb der Hobeleinheit unterscheidet;
d) Maschinen, die zur bestimmungsgemäßen Verwendung in potentiell explosiven Atmosphären vorgesehen sind;
e) Maschinen, die vor dem Datum seiner Veröffentlichung als Internationale Norm hergestellt wurden.

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 11: Machines combinées (ISO 19085-11:2020)

Le présent document donne les exigences et les mesures de sécurité pour les machines à bois combinées, fixes et transportables, comportant au moins deux unités de travail pouvant être utilisées séparément et à chargement et déchargement manuels de la pièce, ci-après désignées «machines». Les unités de travail intégrées peuvent être de ces types uniquement:
— une unité de sciage;
— une unité de toupillage;
— une unité de dégauchissage.
Les machines sont conçues pour la coupe de bois massif et de matériaux ayant des caractéristiques physiques similaires à celles du bois.
NOTE 1 Pour les définitions de machines fixes et transportables, voir l'ISO 19085-1:2017, 3.4 et 3.5.
Le présent document traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations et événements dangereux significatifs, tels qu'énumérés à l'Article 4, applicables aux machines lorsqu'elles sont utilisées, réglées et entretenues comme prévu et dans les conditions prévues par le fabricant, incluant une mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisible. Les phases de transport, d'assemblage, de démontage, de mise hors service et de mise au rebut ont également été prises en compte.
NOTE 2 Pour les phénomènes dangereux pertinents mais non significatifs, par exemple, les arêtes vives du bâti de la machine, voir l'ISO 12100:2010.
Le présent document s'applique aux machines également équipées des dispositifs/unités de travail supplémentaires énumérés dans les Domaines d'application des ISO 19085-5:2017, ISO 19085-6:2017, ISO 19085-7:2019 et ISO 19085-9:2019.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas:
a) aux machines comportant uniquement une unité de dégauchissage et un dispositif de mortaisage;
NOTE 3 De telles machines sont traitées dans l'ISO 19085-7:2019.
b) aux machines combinées comportant une scie à ruban;
c) aux machines comportant une unité de mortaisage ayant un entraînement séparé autre que l'entraînement de l'unité de dégauchissage;
d) aux machines prévues pour une utilisation en atmosphère explosible;
e) aux machines fabriquées avant la date de sa publication comme Norme internationale.

Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 11. del: Kombinirani stroji (ISO 19085-1:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Apr-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
08-Apr-2020
Completion Date
08-Apr-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
01-oktober-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 940:2009+A1:2012

Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 11. del: Kombinirani stroji (ISO 19085-1:2020)

Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 11: Combined machines (ISO 19085-11:2020)

Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 11: Kombinierte Maschinen (ISO 19085-

11:2020)
Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 11: Machines combinées (ISO 19085-11:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19085-11:2020
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
79.120.10 Lesnoobdelovalni stroji Woodworking machines
SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
EN ISO 19085-11
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.110; 79.120.10 Supersedes EN 940:2009+A1:2012
English Version
Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 11: Combined
machines (ISO 19085-11:2020)

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 11: Machines Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 11:

combinées (ISO 19085-11:2020) Kombinierte Maschinen (ISO 19085-11:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 November 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19085-11:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
EN ISO 19085-11:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ....................................................... 4

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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
EN ISO 19085-11:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19085-11:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39

"Machine tools" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 142 “Woodworking machines -

Safety” the secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 940:2009+A1:2012.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For the relationship with EU Directive(s) see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19085-11:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19085-11:2020 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
EN ISO 19085-11:2020 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardisation request “M/396” to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of the new approach Machinery

Directive 2006/42.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2006/42/EC

Essential Requirements (ERs) of Directive Clause(s)/subclause(s) of this Remarks/Notes

2006/42/EC EN
1.1.2 Principles of safety integration
a) fitted for its function
Clause 5, 6, 7, 8
b) eliminate or reduce the risks, give measures,
Clause 5, 6, 7, 8
inform
c) intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse
Clause 5, 6, 7, 8
d) constraints in use
7.5, 8.3
e) equipment
6.1, 8.3
1.1.3 Materials and products 6.2, 7.3
1.1.4 Lighting 8.3
1.1.5 Design of machinery to facilitate its 7.5
handling
1.1.6 Ergonomics 7.5

1.2.1 Safety and reliability of control systems 5.1, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.10, 5.11, 5.12,

5.13, 6.5, 6.6, 7.7, 7.8
1.2.2 Control devices 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.6, 5.7
1.2.3 Starting 5.3
1.2.4 Stopping 5.2, 5.5, 6.4
1.2.4.1 Normal stop 5.4.2
1.2.4.3 Emergency stop 5.4.4
1.2.5 Selection of control or operating mode 5.6
1.2.6 Failure of the power supply 5.8, 7.7, 7.8
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
EN ISO 19085-11:2020 (E)
1.3.1 Risk of loss of stability 6.1, 8.3
1.3.2 Risk of break-up during operation 6.2, 8.3
1.3.3 Risks due to falling or ejected objects 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.8, 6.9, 8.3
1.3.4 Risk due to surfaces, edges or angles Not significant
1.3.5 Risks related to combined machinery 5.3, 6.12, 6.6.2
1.3.6 Risks relating to variations in the 5.7, 6.6
operating conditions
1.3.7 Risks related to moving parts 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 8.3
1.3.8 Choice of protection against risks related 6.6, 6.7, 6.8
to moving parts
1.3.8.1 Moving transmission parts 6.6.3, 6.6.4, 6.7
1.3.8.2 Moving parts involved in the process 6.6.2
1.3.9 Risk of uncontrolled movements 6.1.1
1.4.1 General requirements 6.9
1.4.2.1 Fixed guards 6.5.1
1.4.2.2 Interlocking movable guards 6.5.2
1.4.2.3 Adjustable guards restricting access 6.6.2
1.4.3 Special requirements for protective 6.5.3, 6.5.4, 6.5.6
devices
1.5.1 Electricity supply 7.4, 7.13
1.5.2 Static electricity 7.11
1.5.3 Energy supply other than electricity 7.7, 7.8
1.5.4 Errors of fitting 7.12
1.5.6 Fire 7.1
1.5.8 Noise 7.2
1.5.11 External radiation 7.9
1.5.12 Laser equipment 7.10
1.5.13 Emission of hazardous materials and 7.3
substances
1.6.1 Machinery maintenance 7.14, 8.3
1.6.2 Access to operating position and servicing 7.14, 8.3
points
1.6.3 Isolation of energy sources 7.13, 8.3
1.6.4 Operator intervention 7.14, 8.3
1.6.5 Cleaning of internal parts 7.14, 8.3
1.7.1 Information and warnings on the 7.10, 8.1, 8.2
machinery
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
EN ISO 19085-11:2020 (E)
1.7.2 Warning devices 7.10, 8.1
1.7.3 Marking of machinery 8.2
1.7.4 Instructions 7.10, 8.3
2.3 Machinery for working wood and analogous
materials
a) guiding
6.10, 6.11, 6.12, 6.13
b) ejection
6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.6, 6.9, 8.3
c) brake
5.5, 6.4
d) accidental tool contact
6.6.2, 8.3

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19085-11
First edition
2020-03
Woodworking machines — Safety —
Part 11:
Combined machines
Machines à bois — Sécurité —
Partie 11: Machines combinées
Reference number
ISO 19085-11:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
ISO 19085-11:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
ISO 19085-11:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 List of significant hazards ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Safety requirements and measures for controls ................................................................................................................. 7

5.1 Safety and reliability of control systems ........................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Control devices ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Start .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.4 Safe stops .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.2 Normal stop .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.3 Operational stop ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.4 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.5 Braking function of tool spindles ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.6 Mode selection ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.7 Spindle speed changing ................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.7.1 Spindle speed changing by changing belts on the pulleys ........................................................... 9

5.7.2 Spindle speed changing by incremental speed change motor ................................................. 9

5.7.3 Infinitely variable speed by frequency inverter .................................................................................... 9

5.7.4 Spindle speed limiting device for tenoning .............................................................................................. 9

5.7.5 Changing of the direction of spindle rotation ......................................................................................... 9

5.8 Failure of any power supply ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.9 Manual reset control .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.10 Enabling control ..................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.11 Machine moving parts speed monitoring .....................................................................................................................10

5.12 Time delay ................................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.13 Power-operated adjustments ..................................................................................................................................................10

6 Safety requirements and measures for protection against mechanical hazards ...........................10

6.1 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.1.1 Stationary machines ..................................................................................................................................................10

6.1.2 Displaceable machines ............................................................................................................................................10

6.2 Risk of break-up during operation ......................................................................................................................................10

6.3 Tool holder and tool design.......................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Spindle locking ...............................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.3 Circular saw blade fixing device ......................................................................................................................11

6.3.4 Flange dimensions for circular saw blades ............................................................................................11

6.3.5 Arbor rings/fixing device for milling tools ............................................................................................11

6.3.6 Quick tool/arbor change system .....................................................................................................................11

6.3.7 Manual adjustment of arbor height ..............................................................................................................11

6.3.8 Manual adjustment of arbor inclination ...................................................................................................12

6.4 Braking ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.4.1 Braking of tool spindles ..........................................................................................................................................12

6.4.2 Maximum run-down time .....................................................................................................................................12

6.4.3 Brake release ....................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Safeguards ................................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5.1 Fixed guards ......................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5.2 Interlocking movable guards..............................................................................................................................12

6.5.3 Hold-to-run control ....................................................................................................................................................12

6.5.4 Two hand control .........................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19085-11:2020
ISO 19085-11:2020(E)

6.5.5 Electro-sensitive protection equipment (ESPE) ................................................................................13

6.5.6 Pressure sensitive protection equipment (PSPE) ............................................................................13

6.6 Prevention of access to moving parts ...............................................................................................................................13

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6.2 Guarding of tools ...........................................................................................................................................................13

6.6.3 Guarding of drives .......................................................................................................................................................13

6.6.4 Guarding of shearing and/or crushing zones ......................................................................................13

6.7 Impact hazard .......................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.8 Clamping devices ...............................................................................................................................................................................14

6.9 Measures against ejection ..........................................................................................................................................................14

6.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.9.2 Guards material and characteristics ............................................................................................................14

6.9.3 Anti-kickback devices ...............................................................................................................................................14

6.10 Workpiece supports and guides ............................................................................................................................................14

6.11 Safety appliances ................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.12 Elements not in use ..........................................................................................................................................................................15

6.13 Adjustments in tenoning-sawing mode ..........................................................................................................................15

7 Safety requirements and measures for protection against other hazards ...........................................16

7.1 Fire ......... .........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2 Noise .............................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2.1 Noise reduction at the design stage .............................................................................................................16

7.2.2 Noise emission measurement ...........................................................................................................................16

7.3 Emission of chips and dust ........................................................................................................................................................16

7.4 Electricity ..................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.4.2 Displaceable machines ............................................................................................................................................16

7.5 Ergonomics and handling ...........................................................................................................................................................16

7.6 Lighting .......................................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.7 Pneumatics ..............................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.8 Hydraulics ................................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.9 Electromagnetic compatibility ...............................................................................................................................................17

7.10 Laser ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.11 Static electricity ...................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.12 Errors of fitting ....................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.13 Isolation .....................................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.14 Maintenance ...........................................................................................................................................................................................17

8 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................17

8.1 Warning devices ..................................................................................................................................................................................17

8.2 Markings ....................................................................................................................................................................................................18

8.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

8.2.2 Additional markings ..................................................................................................................................................18

8.3 Instruction handbook ....................................................................................................................................................................18

8.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

8.3.2 Additional information ............................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (informative) Performance level required ..........................................................................................................................19

Annex B (normative) Test for braking function .....................................................................................................................................20

Annex C (normative) Stability test for displaceable machines ..............................................................................................21

Annex D (normative) Impact test for guards ............................................................................................................................................22

Annex E (normative) Noise emission measurement for machines not in ISO 7960:1995 .........................23

Annex F (normative) Table dimensions .........................................................................................................................................................24

Annex G (informative) Example noise declaration .............................................................................................................................26

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................27

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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