Energy performance of buildings - Contribution of building automation, controls and building management - Part 2: Explanation and justification of ISO 52120-1 (ISO/DTR 52120-2:2020)

This Technical Report refers to EN 15232-1, Energy performance of buildings - Part 1: Impact of Building Automation, Controls and Building Management - Modules M10-4,5,6,7,8,9,10.
It contains information to support the correct understanding, use and national adaption of standard EN 15232-1.
This technical report does not contain any normative provision.

Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Impact de l’automatisation, de la régulation et de la gestion technique des bâtiments - Partie 2: Explication et justification de l'ISO 52120-1 (ISO/DTR 52120-2:2020)

Energijske lastnosti stavb - Vpliv avtomatizacije, regulacije in upravljanja stavb - 2. del: Razlaga in utemeljitev ISO 52120-1 (ISO/PRF TR 52120-2:2020)

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
6055 - CEN Ratification completed (DOR) - Publishing
Due Date
23-Jun-2020
Completion Date
23-Jun-2020

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Technical report
-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
English language
50 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
01-april-2020

Energijske lastnosti stavb - Vpliv avtomatizacije, regulacije in upravljanja stavb - 2.

del: Razlaga in utemeljitev ISO 52120-1 (ISO/PRF TR 52120-2:2020)

Energy performance of buildings - Contribution of building automation, controls and

building management - Part 2: Explanation and justification of ISO 52120-1 (ISO/PRF TR

52120-2:2020)

Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Impact de l’automatisation, de la régulation et

de la gestion technique des bâtiments - Partie 2: Explication et justification de l'ISO

52120-1 (ISO/PRF TR 52120-2:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2
ICS:
35.240.67 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in building
gradbeništvu and construction industry
91.120.10 Toplotna izolacija stavb Thermal insulation of
buildings
97.120 Avtomatske krmilne naprave Automatic controls for
za dom household use
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 52120-2
First edition
Energy performance of buildings —
Contribution of building automation,
controls and building management —
Part 2:
Explanation and justification of ISO
52120-1
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.1 Symbols ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Method description ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Effect of building automation and control (BAC) and technical building

management (TBM) ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1.2 Control accuracy............................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1.3 Control function ................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.1.4 Control strategy ................................................................................................................................................................ 4

5.2 Description of BAC functions ...................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.2 Heating control .................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2.3 Domestic Hot Water supply control .............................................................................................................10

5.2.4 Cooling control ...............................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.5 Ventilation and air conditioning control ..................................................................................................17

5.2.6 Lighting control ..............................................................................................................................................................22

5.2.7 Blind control .....................................................................................................................................................................24

5.3 Method 1 - Impact of BAC and TBM on the energy performance of buildings

(detailed method) .................. ............................................................................................................................................................24

5.3.1 Rationale ..............................................................................................................................................................................24

5.3.2 Time steps...........................................................................................................................................................................24

5.3.3 Assumptions .....................................................................................................................................................................25

5.3.4 Data input ...........................................................................................................................................................................25

5.3.5 Simplified input .............................................................................................................................................................25

5.3.6 Calculation information ..........................................................................................................................................25

5.4 Method 2 – Impact of BAC and TBM on the energy performance of buildings (BACS

factor method) ......................................................................................................................................................................................39

5.4.1 Rationale ..............................................................................................................................................................................39

5.4.2 Time steps...........................................................................................................................................................................39

5.4.3 Calculation information ..........................................................................................................................................39

6 Method selection ...............................................................................................................................................................................................40

7 Worked out examples ...................................................................................................................................................................................41

8 Information on the accompanying spreadsheet ...............................................................................................................42

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................43

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 205, Building environment design, in

collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC

247, Building Automation, Controls and Building Management, in accordance with the Agreement on

technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
A list of all parts in the ISO 52120 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
Introduction

The CENSE project, the discussions between CEN and the concerted action highlighted the high

page count of the entire package due to a lot of “textbook” information. This resulted in flooding and

confusing the normative text.

A huge amount of informative contents should indeed be recorded and available for users to properly

understand, apply and nationally adapt the EPB standards

The detailed technical rules in CEN/TS 16629 ask for a clear separation between normative and

informative contents:

— to avoid flooding and confusing the actual normative part with informative content;

— to reduce the page count of the actual standard;
— to facilitate understanding of the package.

Therefore, each EPB standard should be accompanied by an informative technical report, like this one,

where all informative contents is collected. See Table 1.
Table 1 — Position of this standard within the EPB set of standards
Over- Building Technical Building System
arching (as such)
Building
Domes- PV,

Submod- Descrip- Descrip- Descrip- Heat- Cool- Ventila- Humidifi- Dehumidifi- Light- automa-

tic Hot wind,
ule tions tions tions ing ing tion cation cation ing tion and
waters ..
control
sub1 M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8 M9 M10 M11
1 General General General
Common
terms and
defini- Building
2 tions; Energy Needs
symbols, Needs
units and
subscripts
(Free)
Indoor
Maximum
Applica- Condi-
3 Load and
tion tions
Power
without
Systems
Ways to Ways to Ways to
Express Express Express
4 Energy Energy Energy x
Perfor- Perfor- Perfor-
mance mance mance
Building
Func- Heat
Emission
tions and Transfer
5 and con- x
Building by Trans-
trol
Bounda- mission
ries
Building Heat
Occupan- Transfer
Distribu-
cy and by Infil-
6 tion and x
Operating tration
control
Condi- and Ven-
tions tilation
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Over- Building Technical Building System
arching (as such)
Building
Domes- PV,

Submod- Descrip- Descrip- Descrip- Heat- Cool- Ventila- Humidifi- Dehumidifi- Light- automa-

tic Hot wind,
ule tions tions tions ing ing tion cation cation ing tion and
waters ..
control
sub1 M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8 M9 M10 M11
Aggre-
gation of
Energy Storage
Internal
7 Servic- and con- x
Heat Gains
es and trol
Energy
Carriers
Building Genera-
Solar Heat
8 Partition- tion and x
Gains
ing control
Load
Calculat- Building
dispatch-
ed Energy Dynamics
9 ing and x
Perfor- (thermal
operating
mance mass)
conditions
Measured Measured Measured
Energy Energy Energy
10 x
Perfor- Perfor- Perfor-
mance mance mance
11 Inspection Inspection Inspection
Ways to
Express
12 BMS
Indoor
Comfort
External
Environ-
ment Con-
ditions
Economic
14 Calcula-
tion
vi PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
Energy performance of buildings — Contribution of
building automation, controls and building management —
Part 2:
Explanation and justification of ISO 52120-1
1 Scope

This document contains information to support the correct understanding, use and adoption of

ISO 52120-1 .
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 52120-1, Energy Performance of Buildings — Contribution of Building Automation, Controls and

Building Management — Part 1: Modules M10-4,5,6,7,8,9,10

EN ISO 7345, Thermal insulation — Physical quantities and definitions (ISO 7345:1987)

EN ISO 52000-1, Energy performance of buildings — Overarching EPB assessment — Part 1: General

framework and procedures
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 7345, ISO 52000-1 and

ISO 52120-1 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms
4.1 Symbols

For the purposes of this document, the symbols given in ISO 52000-1, in ISO 52120-1 apply.

4.2 Abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the abbreviations in ISO 52120-1 apply.
1) Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/DIS 52120-1:2020.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
5 Method description
5.1 Effect of building automation and control (BAC) and technical building
management (TBM)
5.1.1 General

The key-role of building automation and control and TBM is to ensure the balance between the desired

human comfort, which should be maximal, and energy used to obtain this goal, which should be

minimal.

The scope of BAC and TBM covers in accordance with their role from one side all technical building

systems (where the effect of the BAC is used in the calculation procedures) and from another side the

global optimization energy performance of a building.
We could identify several categories of controls:

— Technical building systems specific controls: these controllers are dedicated to the physical chain of

transformation of the energy, from generation to storage, distribution and emission. We find them

in the matrix starting with the Modules M3-5 to M9-5 and finishing with M3-8 till M9-8. We could

consider that one controller exists by module, but sometimes one controller does the control among

several modules. More often, these controllers are communicating between them via a standardized

open bus, such as BACnet, KNX or LON.

— BAC used for all or several technical building systems that do multidiscipline (heating, cooling,

ventilation, DHW, lighting) optimization and complex control functions. For example, one of them is

INTERLOCK, a control function that avoids heating and cooling at the same time.

— If all technical building systems are used in the building, we have (depending of the size of the

building) a technical building management system. Specific global functions are implemented here

and are necessary to reach the key-role mentioned above. Usually, in this case, an interrelation with

the building as such (Module M2) will occur, mainly to take in consideration the building needs;

for example, due to outside temperature, taking into account the inertia of the building when the

control will reach the set point in a room.

In a control system dedicated to a building, in this case BAC and TBM, we can distinguish three main

characteristics as described in 5.1.2, 5.1.3 and 5.1.4.
5.1.2 Control accuracy

Control accuracy is the degree of correspondence between the ultimately controlled variable and the

ideal value in a feedback control system. The controlled variable could be any physical variable such

as a temperature, humidity, pressure, etc. The ideal value is in fact the setpoint established by the user

(occupant) when he determines his level of comfort. It is clear that the entire control loop is concerned

with all the elements constituent, such as sensors, valves and actuators. The equipment itself is another

important element and usually specific equipment asks for a specific controller. For the energy carrier

hot water, an important issue is the balancing of the hydraulic circuits. For that purposes, balancing

hydraulic valves are need it.

The temperature control accuracy (CA) for a zone temperature is a key number that allows calculating

the additional energy needed for heating or cooling caused by the inaccuracy of zone temperature

control. The temperature control accuracy (CA) can be calculated from control variation (CV) and

control set point deviation (CSD) as described in the main text of EN 15500-1:2017. The compliance

with CA is also defined in EN 15500-1. This is an important input for EN 15316-2 and for EN 16798-7,

where the effect of the control for heating, cooling and ventilation is taken into account.

The same standard (EN 15500-1:2017) describes also the four operations modes that deal with the

levels of temperatures: comfort, pre-comfort, economy and frost/building protection. These four

predefined operation modes are parameters that could be set by the users (occupant) (e.g. the

2 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)

temperature allocated to each operation mode). These operations modes are important for the control

strategy used for intermittence, which will be described below.
5.1.3 Control function

The control function is the ability of a controller (or set of communicative controllers) to perform a

determined task(s). Usually the functions implemented in the controllers are parametric or freely

programmable. The functions could be performed by a single controller or by a set of communicative

controllers. A controller could perform several functions.

The control functions present in a BAC or TBM, are present in ISO 52120-1:—, Table 4. These functions

are organized in the matrix given by the modular structure of EPB standards. ISO 52120-1:—, Table 4

starts with heating emission, distribution, storage and generation (M3-5, M3-6, M3-7, M3-8) followed

by domestic hot water, cooling, ventilation and lighting (M9-5, M9-6, M9-7, M9-8). Each function

is described in detail, in accordance with the type (level) of the function: from the lower type (NO

AUTOMATIC CONTROL Type = 0) to most advanced types. For each function, an identifier that is the

software language for BAC and TBM is also defined, as the destination of the module where the control

function has its effect. An abstract from ISO 52120-1:—, Table 4 is given below as an example.

For practical reasons, four different BAC efficiency classes (A, B, C, D) of functions are defined both for

non-residential and residential buildings. This is the fastest way to specify a BAC or a TBM.

— Class D corresponds to non-energy efficient BAC. Building with such systems should be retrofitted.

New buildings should not be built with such systems.
— Class C corresponds to standard BAC.
— Class B corresponds to advanced BAC and some specific TBM functions.
— Class A corresponds to high-energy performance BAC and TBM.

A building is in class D: If the minimum functions to be in class C are not implemented.

To be in class C: Minimum functions defined in ISO 52120-1:—,Table B.1 are implemented.

To be in class B: Building automation function plus some specific functions defined in ISO 52120-1:—,

Table 4 are implemented in addition to class C. Room controllers are able to communicate with a

building automation system.

To be in class A: Technical building management function plus some specific functions defined in

ISO 52120-1:—, Table 4 are implemented in addition to class B. Room controllers should be able for

demand controlled HVAC (e.g. adaptive set point based on sensing of occupancy, air quality, etc.)

including additional integrated functions for multi-discipline interrelationships between HVAC and

various building services (e.g. electricity, lighting, solar shading, etc.).
In addition, the hydraulic system is properly balanced.

The functions assignment to the BACS efficiency classes is listed in ISO 52120-1:—, Table 5.

BAC functions with the purpose to control or monitor a plant or part of a plant which is not installed in

the building do not have to be considered when determining the class even if they are shaded for that

class. For example, to be in class B for a building with no cooling system no individual room control

with communication is required for emission control of cooling systems.

If a specific function is required to be in a specific BAC efficiency class, it is not required that this

function is strictly required everywhere in the building: if the designer can give good reasons as to

why the application of a function does not bring a benefit in a specific case then it can be ignored.

For example, if the designer can show that the heating load of a set of rooms is only dependant on the

outdoor temperature and can be compensated with one central controller, no individual room control

by thermostatic valves or electronic controllers is required to be in class C.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 3
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)

A reference list of BACS functions to reach is defined in ISO 52120-1:—, Table 6. That table defines

the minimum requirements of BACS functions according to BACS efficiency class C of ISO 52120-1:—,

Table 5.
Unless differently specified this list is used for the following:
— to specify the minimum functions to be implemented for a project;

— to define the BACS function to take into account for the calculation of energy consumption of a

building when the BACS functions are not defined in detail.

— to calculate the energy use for the reference case in step 1 of the BACS efficiency factor method.

5.1.4 Control strategy

The control function is the method employed to achieve a given level of control to reach a goal. Optimal

control strategies deliver a desired level of control at a minimum cost (minimum energy demand).

A control strategy could consist of a control function or a group of control functions. Examples of a

control strategy implemented by a control function are optimum start, optimum stop, or night set back

described in EN 12098-1 and EN 12098-3. The timer function is described in EN 12098-5.

An example of a control strategy that is realized by a group of control functions is the control strategy

used by intermittence. This function uses several control functions, operation modes, optimum start-

stop and timer at the same time. All elements together are called either building profile or user pattern.

Usually, to implement such building profile, a TBM is a prerequisite.

The most important control strategy described and implemented in ISO 52120-1 is demand-oriented

control. Usually these strategies implement the sense of the energy flow (from generation to emission)

with flow of calculation (from building needs to delivered energy). Usually for this complex control

strategy, a TBM is necessary with a distributed specific control for each Technical Building System that

communicates in system architecture via a communication standardized bus such as BACnet, KNX or LON.

More clear, this demand-oriented control works as follows: When the comfort is reached in the emission

area, the controller from the emission sends the message to the controller in charge of distribution

to stop to distribute energy, then the controller in charge of distribution sends the message to the

controller in charge of storage to either store the energy or if the storage cannot store more energy,

then to send the message to the controller in charge of the generation to stop generating more energy.

Another important control strategy is the control strategy for multi generators either from the same

type (e.g. several boilers) or different types (e.g. a boiler and heat pomp) including also the renewable

energy sources. The strategy could be based as follow:
— Priorities only based on running time.

— Fixed sequencing based on loads only: For example depending on the generator's characteristics

(e.g. hot water boiler vs. heat pump).

— Priorities based on generator efficiency and characteristics: the generator operational control is set

individually to available generators so that they operate with an overall high degree of efficiency

(e.g. solar, geothermic heat, cogeneration plant, fossil fuels).

— Load prediction-based sequencing: The sequence is based on, for example efficiency and available

power of a device and the predicted required power.

The standards enabling to calculate the effect of BACS and TBM functions on energy consumption use

different approaches to calculate this impact. The approaches are described in ISO 52120-1:—, 6.4.2.

4 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN ISO/TR 52120-2:2020
ISO/TR 52120-2:2020(E)
5.2 Description of BAC functions
5.2.1 General
The numbers in italics refer to the numbers in ISO 52120-1:—, Table 4.
5.2.2 Heating control
1.1 Heating – Emission control
1.1.0 No automatic control
Description: No automatic control of the room temperature.
1.1.1 Central automatic control

Description: Central automatic control of temperature in rooms by means of heating, is acting e

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.