Securing of cargo on road vehicles - Body structure of commercial vehicles - Minimum requirements

This European Standard applies to body structures on commercial vehicles and on trailers.
This European Standard sets out basic minimum requirements for standard vehicle bodies (side walls, front and rear walls) and for reinforced vehicle bodies and specifies appropriate tests.
This European Standard applies to all commercial vehicles which are related by design and body type to the body structures described below.
Forces applied according to the test requirements described below can be invoked for load securing purposes.
The floor of the vehicle is a part of the sub frame. As long as the floor strength is not defined, the manufacturer should give the necessary information. Testing of the axle load on the floor should be carried out analogous to EN 283. The result should be marked in locations according to chapter 6.
This European Standard does not apply to vans according to ISO 27956.

Ladungssicherung auf Straßenfahrzeugen - Aufbauten an Nutzfahrzeugen - Mindestanforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Aufbauten an Lastkraftwagen und Anhängern.
In dieser Europäischen Norm werden grundsätzliche Mindestanforderungen an Standard-Fahrzeugaufbauten (Seitenwände, Stirn- und Rückwände) und an verstärkte Fahrzeugaufbauten vorgegeben und geeignete Prüfungen festgelegt.
Diese Norm gilt für alle Nutzfahrzeuge, die bezüglich Konstruktion und Aufbauart den nachfolgend beschriebenen Aufbauten zuzuordnen sind.
Die gemäß den nachfolgend beschriebenen Prüfbedingungen eingeleiteten Kräfte können zur Ladungssicherung herangezogen werden.
Der Fahrzeugboden ist Bestandteil des Fahrgestells. Wenn die Festigkeit des Bodens nicht vorgegeben ist, sollte der Hersteller die notwendigen Angaben zur Verfügung stellen. Die Ermittlung der Achslast für die Bodenbelastbarkeit sollte analog zur Norm EN 283 erfolgen. Die Ergebnisse sollten gemäß den in Paragraph 6 beschriebenen Vorgaben festgehalten werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Kastenwagen gemäß ISO 27956.

Arrimage des charges à bord des véhicules routiers - Structure de la carrosserie des véhicules utilitaires - Exigences minimales

La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux structures de carrosserie de véhicules utilitaires et de remorques.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences minimales de base, ainsi que les essais appropriés, applicables aux carrosseries standard (parois latérales, parois avant et arrière) et aux carrosseries renforcées.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique à tous les véhicules utilitaires liés, par leur conception et le type de carrosserie, aux structures de carrosserie décrites ci-après.
Les forces appliquées conformément aux exigences d'essai décrites ci-après peuvent être prises en compte à des fins d'arrimage des charges.
Le plancher du véhicule fait partie du châssis secondaire. Tant que la résistance du plancher n'est pas définie, le constructeur doit fournir les informations nécessaires. Il convient que les essais relatifs à la charge à l'essieu sur le plancher soient effectués conformément à l'EN 283. Il convient que le résultat soit marqué aux endroits indiqués à l'Article 6.
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux camionnettes conformes à l'ISO 27956.

Zaščita tovora na cestnih vozilih - Vrsta nadgradnje gospodarskih vozil - Minimalne zahteve

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za ohišja gospodarskih in priklopnih vozil.
Ta evropski standard določa osnovne minimalne zahteve za ohišja standardnih vozil (stranske, sprednje in zadnje strani) in za ohišja ojačanih vozil ter zagotavlja primerne preskuse.
Ta standard se uporablja za vsa gospodarska vozila, ki so si sorodna glede na zasnovo in vrsto ohišja, ter ohišja, opisana spodaj.
Sile, ki jih predvidevajo spodaj opisane zahteve za preskuse, je mogoče uporabiti za namene zaščite tovora.
Tla vozila so del podogrodja. Če moč tal ni podana, naj bi ta podatek posredoval proizvajalec. Priporočljivo je, da je nosilnost tal podana ter da se preskušanje in označevanje izvaja skladno s standardom EN 283.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za kombije, ki so skladni s standardom ISO 27956.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Nov-2016
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
16-Nov-2016
Completion Date
16-Nov-2016

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Ladungssicherung auf Straßenfahrzeugen - Aufbauten an Nutzfahrzeugen - MindestanforderungenArrimage des charges à bord des véhicules routiers - Structure de la carrosserie des véhicules utilitaires - Exigences minimalesSecuring of cargo on road vehicles - Body structure of commercial vehicles - Minimum requirements55.180.99Drugi standardi v zvezi z distribucijo blaga s prevozomOther standards related to freight distribution of goods43.080.01Tovorna vozila na splošnoCommercial vehicles in generalICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12642:2016SIST EN 12642:2017en,fr,de01-januar-2017SIST EN 12642:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12642:20071DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12642:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12642
November
t r s x ICS
v uä r z rä s r Supersedes EN
s t x v tã t r r xEnglish Version

Securing of cargo on road vehicles æ Body structure of commercial vehicles æ Minimum requirements Arrimage des charges à bord des vßhicules routiers æ Structure de la carrosserie des vßhicules utilitaires æ Exigences minimales

Ladungssicherung auf Straßenfahrzeugen æ Aufbauten an Nutzfahrzeugen æ Mindestanforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t r August
t r s xä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey andUnited Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s x CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s t x v tã t r s x ESIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 General requirements ................................................................................................................................... 5 5 Testing ................................................................................................................................................................. 6 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 5.2 Static test – Airbag test (Annex A) ............................................................................................................. 7 5.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 7 5.2.2 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7 5.2.3 Strenght of the front wall ............................................................................................................................. 7 5.2.4 Strength of the rear wall ............................................................................................................................... 8 5.2.5 Strength of the side wall ............................................................................................................................... 9 5.2.6 Floor ledge (optional) ................................................................................................................................. 10 5.2.7 Double-decker design (Code XL only) .................................................................................................. 11 5.3 Dynamic driving test (Annex B) .............................................................................................................. 12 5.3.1 Test acceleration .......................................................................................................................................... 12 5.3.2 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 6 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 13 7 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Annex A (normative)

Details of the airbag test .............................................................................................. 15 Annex B (normative)

Dynamic driving test ..................................................................................................... 16 B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 B.2 General requirements for the test ......................................................................................................... 16 B.3 Conditions of loading .................................................................................................................................. 16 B.3.1 Test for body structure with defined cargo units ............................................................................. 16 B.3.2 Test of cargo arrangements with other cargo units ........................................................................ 16 B.4 Measuring technique and assessment .................................................................................................. 16 B.5 Driving tests ................................................................................................................................................... 17 B.5.1 Use of a supporting axle ............................................................................................................................. 17 B.5.2 Testing brake deceleration (0,8 g) in longitudinal direction ....................................................... 17 B.5.3 Test of transverse acceleration (0,5 g) - U-turn-test ....................................................................... 18 B.5.4 Change of lane test with accelerations of 0,5 g around both curves each – S-test ................ 19 B.5.5 Test of reverse acceleration (0,5 g) ....................................................................................................... 20 Annex C (normative)

Test certificate of body structure tested according to EN 12642 .................. 22 Annex D (informative)

Test report of body structure tested according to EN 12642 ...................... 24 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 26

SIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 12642:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 119 “Swap bodies for combined goods transport”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12642:2006. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 4 Introduction The aim of this revision is to update the test methods as well as marking and certification of vehicle body structures that are able to take up a part of the forces to secure the cargo. Due to the particular cargo and the body type additional securing of cargo can become necessary and should be determined in each specific case by the shipper, the operator or the driver. SIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard applies to body structures on commercial vehicles and on trailers. This European Standard sets out basic minimum requirements for standard vehicle bodies (side walls, front and rear walls) and for reinforced vehicle bodies and specifies appropriate tests. This European Standard applies to all commercial vehicles which are related by design and body type to the body structures described below. Forces applied according to the test requirements described below can be invoked for load securing purposes. The floor of the vehicle is a part of the sub frame. As long as the floor strength is not defined, the manufacturer should give the necessary information. Testing of the axle load on the floor should be carried out analogous to EN 283. The result should be marked in locations according to chapter 6. This European Standard does not apply to vans according to ISO 27956. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 12195-1:2010, Load restraining on road vehicles - Safety - Part 1: Calculation of securing forces IMO/ILO/UNECE, Code of Practice for Packing of Cargo Transport Units (CTU Code):2014 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 reinforced vehicle body vehicle body, having a reinforced structure, and complying with the minimum requirements for Code XL according to 5.2, Table 1, or 5.3, Table 2 3.2 standard vehicle body vehicle body complying with the minimum requirements of 5.2 (Code L according to Table 1) which, depending on cargo weight and friction, requires additional securing of cargo using lashing equipment 4 General requirements Verification of conformity to the requirements of this standard shall be provided either by: a) dynamic driving tests (see 5.3 and Annex B), b) static tests: 1) airbag test (see 5.2 and Annex A), 2) static inclination test according to EN 12195-1:2010 with the type of cargo as described in the dynamic test (see B.3) and the duration time in 5.2.2, SIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 6 c) other methods for applying the test forces which are acceptable if equivalence to test methods above can be proved, d) calculation (methods of calculation shall be verified by one of the test methods above). Body structures of the same design or type should be verified by testing the worst case for that design. A calculation or test for the complete system consisting of front, rear and side walls, roof and floor is necessary for the entire structure even if individual components have been taken from sample structures which have been calculated or tested with positive results before. However, it is admissible to replace individual components which have successfully been tested within a complete system with others that have yielded the same results in testing. Where a body structure has been tested or calculated successfully as a modular system set, calculation or testing shall be carried out to verify that the connection between the body structure and the floor complies with the requirements of the standard. The specified test value P, for which the body structure is tested shall be documented in the test certificate according to Annex C and marked according to Clause 6. This specified test value P may be different from the technical payload. Information should be provided in the test certificate by the manufacturer about the part of test value P of the front wall at a height of 200 mm and 800 mm. For the side walls the part of the test value P should be provided at a height of 800 mm or maximum height (if lower). The specified test requirements apply to the following types of body structures: — box type; — drop side body with side and tail boards without tarpaulin cover; — drop side body with side and tail boards with tarpaulin cover; — curtainsider. By analogy these test requirements also apply to all other types of body structures. Vehicle body structures shall be tested in the condition in which they are intended to be used (e.g. without additional securing measures). Moreover, if the bodies are equipped with removable components, these components shall be in operational position during the test. Approval criteria: After finishing the tests (for driving tests see B.5) or calculations the body structure shall show neither permanent deformation nor other changes which would impair its intended use; and the following criteria shall be satisfied: — Maximum deflection of the tested structure during the test shall not exceed 300 mm. — At a test force of 100 % of the test value a permanent deformation of 20 mm may occur, but only if the intended use is not impaired. 5 Testing 5.1 General The following test methods are described (see 5.2 and 5.3). SIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 7 5.2 Static test – Airbag test (Annex A) 5.2.1 Requirements Table 1 gives an overview of the details of static test forces. Table 1 — Static test forces Component Standard structure Code L Reinforced structure Code XL Front wall Requirement 0,4 P x g and max. limit 50 kNc 0,5 P x g without max. limit Section 5.2.3 5.2.3 Rear wall Requirement 0,25 P x g and max. limit 31 kNc 0,3 P x g without max. limit Section 5.2.4 5.2.4 Side wall Requirement 0,3 P x ga 0,4 P x gb Section 5.2.5 5.2.5 a For curtainsiders without board walls, apply 0,15 P x g; for body structures with board walls and tarpaulin cover, apply 0,24 P x g for the board walls and 0,06 P x g for the tarpaulin cover. b Except for double-decker design. c Higher values can be tested and marked. 5.2.2 General The following outlines the test requirements for vehicle body structures. In principle, these test requirements apply to all requirement profiles. For each static test the test force shall be applied for at least 5 min. In the testing requirements specified, the mentioned letters shall have the following meaning: — P the specified test value P (in kg), for which the body structure is tested; — F the test force according to Table 1; — p the required test pressure in MPa. NOTE P can differ from the payload for which the vehicle is designed. 5.2.3 Strength of the front wall The front wall is tested with a test force of F. The test force is applied to the inner face of the front wall to be tested, it shall be applied uniformly on the surface,

the height, however, shall be at least 1 600 mm (see Figure 1 and Formula (1)). Where the front wall height is < 1 600 mm the full height of the body structure shall be taken into account for a uniform distribution of the test force applied. SIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 8 Front wall: 075,
FpHB=≥× (1) Hmin = 1 600 mm

Key H total internal height of the front wall B total internal width of the front wall Figure 1 — Testing of front wall 5.2.4 Strength of the rear wall The rear wall shall be tested with a test force F. The test force is applied to the inner face of the rear wall to be tested, it shall be applied uniformly on the surface, (width of body structure) ×

the height, however, shall be at least 1 600 mm (see Figure 2 and Formula (2)). Where the rear wall height is < 1 600 mm the full height of the body structure shall be taken into account for a uniform distribution of the test force applied. Rear wall: 075,

FpHB=≥×
(2) Hmin = 1 600 mm SIST EN 12642:2017
EN 12642:2016 (E) 9

Key H total internal height of the rear wall B total internal width of the rear wall Figure 2 — Testing of rear wall 5.2.5 Strength of the side wall Side walls shall be tested with a test force of F. The test force is applied to the inner face of the side wall to be tested, it shall be applied uniformly on the surface,

the height, however, shall be at least 1 600 mm (see Figure 3 and Formula (3)). Where the side wall height is < 1 600 mm the full height of the body structure shall be taken into account for a uniform distribution of the test force applied. Where the body comprises curtain sides which also have to absorb pressure forces from the cargo such curtain sides should meet the minimum requirements of EN 12641-2. Where the construction is symmetrical only one side wall needs to be tested. Side wall: 075,

FpHL=≥× (3) Hmin = 1 600 mm SIST EN 12642:2017
EN 12642:2016 (E) 10

Key H total internal height of the side wall L total internal width of the side wall Figure 3 — Testing of side wall 5.2.6 Floor ledge (optional) Where the body structure is designed to be equipped with a floor ledge, this feature shall have a height of

· 15 mm in order to be suitable for functions of securing the cargo. Acceptable is also a removable floor ledge of equivalent strength. This ledge shall be tested with a force Fi (proportionally to the test length). The testing device shall apply to the floor ledge on a length of 2 l (l is approximately 1 000 mm). In the test, elastic deformation shall not exceed 20 mm (see Figure 4 and Formula (4)). 2 iFFlL=×× (4) where F is the test force for the side wall according to Table 1 L is the total internal length of the side wall SIST EN 12642:2017

EN 12642:2016 (E) 11
Key 1 floor ledge 2 stake 3 press bar having Wy
· 80 000 mm3 and Iy
· 6 000 000 mm4 4 coefficient of friction

¶ 0,3 a permitted angle variation of the test force b permitted elastic deflection at 100 mm height (in case of removable floor ledge) Figure 4 — Example of a rig for testing floor ledges 5.2.7 Double-decker design (Code XL only) 5.2.7.1 General Where body structures are designed to carry cargo on two different decks at two different levels, the

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