This document establishes a procedure to calibrate 1D displacement transducers with nearly linear transfer functions. This procedure is tailored to the needs of sensors used in crash tests. The calibration is carried out with the sensor disassembled from the dummy or test system. The procedure is valid for sensors with analogue as well as digital output.

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This document describes the state-of-the-art of prospective methods for assessing the safety performance of vehicle-integrated active safety technologies by virtual simulation. The document describes how prospective assessment of vehicle-integrated technologies provides a prediction on how advanced vehicle safety technology will perform on the roads in real traffic. The focus is on the assessment of the technology as whole and not of single components of the technology (e.g. sensors). The described assessment approach is limited to “vehicle-integrated” technology and does not consider technologies operating off-board. The virtual simulation method per se is not limited to a certain vehicle type. The assessment approach discussed in this document focuses accident avoidance and the technology’s contribution to the mitigation of the consequences. Safety technologies that act in the in-crash or the post-crash phase are not explicitly addressed by the method, although the output from prospective assessments of crash avoidance technologies can be considered as an important input to determine the overall consequences of a crash. The method is intended as an overall reference for safety performance assessment studies of pre-crash technologies by virtual simulation. The method can be applied at all stages of technology development and in assessment after the market introduction, in which a wide range of stakeholders (manufactures, insurer, governmental organisation, consumer rating organisation) could apply the method.

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This document describes and specifies the whole vehicle test chamber, the vapour sampling assembly and the operating conditions for the determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs; for more information see Annex E), and carbonyl compounds in vehicle cabin air. There are three measurements performed: one (for VOCs and carbonyl compounds) during the simulation of ambient conditions (ambient mode) at standard conditions of 23 °C with no air exchange; a second only for the measurement of formaldehyde at elevated temperatures (parking mode); and a third for VOCs and carbonyl compounds simulating driving after the vehicle has been parked in the sun starting at elevated temperatures (driving mode). For the simulation of the mean sun irradiation, fixed irradiation in the whole vehicle test chamber is employed. The VOC method is valid for measurement of non-polar and slightly polar VOCs in a concentration range of sub-micrograms per cubic metre up to several milligrams per cubic metre. Using the principles described in this method, some semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC) can also be analysed. Compatible compounds are those which can be trapped and released from the Tenax TA®1) sorbent tubes described in ISO 16000‑6, which includes VOCs ranging in volatility from n-C6 to n-C16. The sampling and analysis procedure for formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds is performed by collecting air on to cartridges coated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) and subsequent analysis by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with detection by ultraviolet absorption. Formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds can be determined in the approximate concentration range 1 μg/m3 to 1 mg/m3. This method applicable to trucks and buses, as defined in ISO 3833:1977 3.1.1 to 3.1.6. This document describes: a) Transport and storage of the test vehicle until the start of the test. b) Conditioning of the surroundings of the test vehicle and the test vehicle itself as well as the whole vehicle test chamber. c) Conditioning of the test vehicle prior to measurements. d) Simulation of ambient air conditions (ambient mode). e) Formaldehyde sampling at elevated temperatures (parking mode). f) Simulation of driving after the test vehicle has been parked in the sun (driving mode). 1)Tenax TA® is the trade name of a product supplied by Buchem. This information is given for the convenience of users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of the product named. Equivalent products may be used if they can be shown to lead to the same results.

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This document specifies test methods and performance metrics to evaluate the behaviour of a vehicle equipped with lane keeping assistance system (LKAS, see 3.2). For this purpose, variables relevant to vehicle dynamics as well as controllability of a vehicle with LKAS and their measurement methods are defined. A system requiring a driver intervention is excluded from the scope. This document applies to the vehicles of M1 category.

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This document specifies performance requirements for surrogate targets used to assess the system detection and performance of active safety systems. This document specifies the properties of an omni-directional multi-purpose vehicle target for assessment of interaction in a variety of traffic scenarios. This document specifies the properties of a vehicle target that will allow it to represent a passenger vehicle in terms of size, shape, reflection properties, etc. for testing purposes. This document addresses the detection requirements for a vehicle target in terms of sensing technologies commonly in use at the time of publication of this document, and where possible, anticipates future sensing technologies. It also addresses methodologies to verify the target response properties to these sensors, as well as performance requirements for the target carrier. The vehicle targets specified in this document reflect passenger cars and, in particular, the smaller and more common B and C segment cars. This document does not address the test procedures in terms of speeds, positions, or timing of events. Performance criteria for the active safety system are also not addressed.

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This Standard specifies the safety requisites requirements and their verification for the design and building  of machines (see the definition in point 3.2) for mounting and demounting tyres on the vehicles listed below and identified according to the international categories M1, M2, N1, O1, O2, L4 and L5:
a) cars
b) buses
c) lorries
d) motor-vehicles for specific or special transport
e) mobile homes
f) cargo trailers
g) car trailers
h) motorised quadricycles
i) motor vehicles
j) mopeds
k) agricultural machines (if the wheel/tyre dimensions are compatible with the maximum dimensions indicated in the tyre changer user instructions)
The vehicles listed in points a) to f) must have an overall full-load mass no greater than 3.5 t.
These machines are designed to ensure the tyre is correctly fitted on the wheel in safe conditions. The standard describes how to eliminate or reduce the risks resulting from the foreseen use (or improper but reasonably foreseeable use) of these machines by the operator during normal operation and service. In addition, it specifies the type of information that the manufacturer must supply with regards to safe working procedures.
The Standard describes all the significant hazards (as listed in Table 1) and the danger situations and events relating to these machines.
This Standard does not apply to hazards regarding maintenance or repairs carried out by professional maintenance personnel.

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This document specifies a test procedure for assessing the scratch resistance of organic paint
coatings, in particular paint coatings used in the automotive industry (i.e. for assessing their carwash
resistance). Machine-based washing is simulated in the laboratory environment using a rotating
brush and synthetic dirt. The test conditions have been designed to be as close as possible to the real
conditions in a car-wash. If the test parameters are suitably chosen, the method can also be used for
testing protective plastics films and plastics components

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This document establishes an adequate procedure to determine crosstalk values in order to improve comparability of measurement results between testing laboratories and to enable a load cell performance rating in accordance to the crosstalk specification for transducers in vehicle crash testing given in ISO 6487, SAE-J211-1 and SAE J2570.

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This document describes steps for developing and validating automated driving systems based on basic safety principles derived from worldwide applicable publications. It considers safety- and cybersecurity-by-design, as well as verification and validation methods for automated driving systems focused on vehicles with level 3 and level 4 features according to SAE J3016:2018. In addition, it outlines cybersecurity considerations intersecting with objectives for safety of automated driving systems.

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This document specifies the properties and performance requirements of a bicyclist target (BT) that represents a human bicyclist in terms of shape, movement, reflection properties, etc. for testing purposes. The BT is used to assess the system detection and activation performance of active safety systems. This document establishes the detection requirements for a BT in terms of sensing technologies commonly in use at the time of publication of this document, and where possible, anticipated future sensing technologies. It also establishes methodologies to verify the target response properties to these sensors, as well as some performance requirements for the target carrier. The BT according to this document is also representative for electrically assisted pedal bicycles (pedal electric cycle, pedelec). This document does not address the test procedures in terms of speeds, positions, or timing of events. Performance criteria for the active safety system being tested are also not addressed.

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This document provides the specifications and procedures for using the H-point machine (HPM)[1] to audit vehicle seating positions. The HPM is a physical tool used to establish key reference points and measurements in a vehicle. The H-point design tool (HPD) is a simplified computer-aided design (CAD)[2] version of the HPM, which can be used in conjunction with the HPM to take the optional measurements specified in this document, or used independently during product design. These H-point devices provide a method for reliable layout and measurement of occupant seating compartments or seats. This document specifies the procedures for installing the H-point machine (HPM) and using the HPM to audit (verify) key reference points and measurements in a vehicle. The devices are intended for application at designated seating positions. They are not to be construed as tools that measure or indicate occupant capabilities or comfort. They are not intended for use in defining or assessing temporary seating, such as folding jump seats. [1] All references to H-point machine or HPM in this document refer to the SAE J4002 H-point machine (HPM-II), unless otherwise noted. [2] CAD has come to encompass any software system or approach to automotive design and development, and is often used to refer to CAE (computer-assisted engineering) and CAM (computer-assisted manufacturing) software systems as well.

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This document specifies a test procedure for assessing the scratch resistance of organic paint coatings, in particular paint coatings used in the automotive industry (i.e. for assessing their car-wash resistance). Machine-based washing is simulated in the laboratory environment using a rotating brush and synthetic dirt. The test conditions have been designed to be as close as possible to the real conditions in a car-wash. If the test parameters are suitably chosen, the method can also be used for testing protective plastics films and plastics components.

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This document focuses on system-initiated and human-initiated transitions (Clause 6) from a higher level to a lower level of automated driving. Human factors and system factors that can influence takeover performance are included (Clauses 7 and 8). Although some are still under investigation, there is a need to appropriately set these factors as variables to better understand their effects or to better control/eliminate their influence. This approach will aid research design by ensuring that important factors are considered and support consistency across studies enabling meaningful comparisons of findings. This document also includes information on considerations in test scenario design (Clause 9), common measures for human takeover performance (Clause 10) and considerations in choosing a testing environment (Clause 11) to help readers design experiments comparable to other studies.

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This document introduces basic common underlying concepts related to driver performance and state in the context of automated driving. The concepts in this document are applicable to all levels of automated driving functions that require a human/driver to be engaged or fallback-ready (SAE level 1, 2 and 3). It can also be used with levels that enable a driver to resume manual control of the vehicle (a compatible feature for SAE levels 1 to 5). Common underlying concepts can be applicable for human factors assessment/evaluations using driving simulators, tests on restricted roadways (e.g. test tracks) or tests on public roads. The information applies to all vehicle categories. This document contains a mixture of information where technical consensus supports such guidance, as well as discussion of those areas where further research is required to support technical consensus. These common underlying concepts can be also useful for product descriptions and owner manuals. The contents in this document are informative, rather than normative, in nature.

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This document specifies a large bag sampling method for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds which are emitted from vehicle interior parts into the air inside road vehicles. This method is intended for evaluation of large new vehicle interior parts, and complete assemblies. This is a screening method to compare similar car components under similar test conditions on a routine basis. Evaluating VOC emissions of vehicle interior parts is an important aspect of the vehicle indoor air quality. This document is complementary to existing standards and provides test laboratories and the manufacturing industry with a cost-effective evaluation of vehicle interior parts. This method is only applicable to newly manufactured vehicle parts. This method is applicable to all types of vehicles, and vehicle products which are used as parts in the interior of vehicles.

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This document specifies the selection, preparation, conditioning, packaging, labelling, transportation
and storage for materials and components for, but not limited to, volatile organic compound (VOC)
testing, fogging testing and odour testing.
It pays special attention to materials sensitive to contamination and/or rapid volatilization of emissions
in order to achieve repeatable and accurate test results.

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This document specifies a test procedure, environment and instrumentation for measuring the exterior sound pressure levels from road vehicles under stationary conditions, providing a continuous measure of the sound pressure level over a range of engine speeds. This document applies only to road vehicles of categories L, M, and N equipped with internal combustion engines. Vehicles where an internal combustion engine cannot operate when the vehicle is at stationary conditions are outside the scope of this document. The method is designed to meet the requirements of simplicity as far as they are consistent with reproducibility of results under the operating conditions of the vehicle. It is within the scope of this document to measure the stationary A-weighted sound pressure level during — type approval measurements of vehicle; — measurements at the manufacturing stage; — measurements at official testing stations; — measurements at roadside testing. This document specifices a test method to determine a reference sound level which is unique for the vehicle and therefore not suitable to compare against a general limit, as test condition, microphone condition location relative to the sound sources can vary significantly. The test conditions in proximity and at engine speeds significantly higher compared to real operation conditions in traffic are deliberately chosen to enable in-use tests at higher background conditions, which are typical for road-side checks. Technical background information is given in Annex A.

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This document presents a simple means for the exchange of multimedia data on impact tests between different laboratories. A format has been developed which defines a directory structure and the exchange information as ASCII files. Related electronic documents are available on the ISO website.

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This document specifies a large bag sampling method for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds which are emitted from vehicle interior parts into the air inside road vehicles. This method is intended for evaluation of large new vehicle interior parts, and complete assemblies. This is a screening method to compare similar car components under similar test conditions on a routine basis. Evaluating VOC emissions of vehicle interior parts is an important aspect of the vehicle indoor air quality. This document is complementary to existing standards and provides test laboratories and the manufacturing industry with a cost-effective evaluation of vehicle interior parts. This method is only applicable to newly manufactured vehicle parts. This method is applicable to all types of vehicles, and vehicle products which are used as parts in the interior of vehicles.

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This document defines the template layout of the Emergency Response Guide (ERG) providing necessary and useful information about a vehicle involved in an accident to support the rescue team rescuing the occupants as quickly and as safely as possible, and to promote the correct action with respect to the vehicle technology concerned. The ERG also provides in-depth information related to fire, submersion and leakage of fluids. The ERG contains crucial and in-depth information linked to the rescue sheet (ISO 17840 parts 1 and 2), to inform training and development of rescue procedures. The headings/contents of the rescue sheet and the ERG information are aligned with each other, i.e. the ERG information works as an extension of the related rescue sheet. The template defines the layout and general contents, for ease of use by first and second responders. The guide can be communicated in paper or electronic format. The ERG template follows in principle a flowchart for the main actions of the first and second responders arriving at an accident scene or performing towing and other activities afterwards. The ERG can be related to a specific vehicle model, to a family of similar vehicle models, or to a certain type of vehicle technology in general. The ERG template provides a format for filling in the following necessary and useful emergency information: — relevant information for a vehicle involved in a traffic accident (including immobilisation, disabling of hazards, access to occupants, shut-off procedures, handling of stored propulsion energy); — information in case of fire or submersion; and — information regarding towing, transportation and storage. This document is applicable to passenger cars, buses, coaches, light and heavy commercial vehicles according to ISO 3833. The proposed template can be beneficial for use also for other types of vehicles (e.g. trains, trams, airplanes), although this is out of the scope of this document. The identification of the vehicle and of the model via a database using the license plate, the VIN number, an automatic emergency call system (e.g. e-Call) system or other identifiers (e.g. bar code or QR code) is not covered by this document. The rescue procedure or the process of handling the ERG is not covered by this document.

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This document defines the content and the layout of the rescue sheet providing necessary and useful information about a vehicle involved in an accident/incident to support the rescue team in rescuing the vehicle occupants as quickly and safely as possible. This document is applicable to buses, coaches and heavy commercial vehicles according to ISO 3833. This document could be applicable also to other types of vehicles using similar technologies. The contents and layout considers that the rescue sheet has to be easy to use by rescue teams over the world and can be communicated in paper or electronic format. Applicable pictograms for use in the rescue sheet are provided in ISO 17840-3. Information related to propulsion energy identification is given in ISO 17840-4. The identification of the vehicle and of the model via a database using the license plate, the VIN number, an automatic emergency call system (e.g. e-Call) system or other identifiers (e.g. bar code or QR code) is not covered by this document. The rescue process or the process of handling the rescue sheets is not covered by this document. NOTE The template for structuring of more in-depth rescue information is given in ISO 17840-3.

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This document establishes a procedure to calibrate IR-TRACC displacement transducers. Like all other sensors used on dummies, calibration is required. The calibration is carried out with the sensor disassembled from the dummy. The procedure is valid for sensors with analogue as well as digital output.

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This document specifies performance requirements for surrogate targets used to assess the system detection and activation performance of active safety systems. This document specifies the properties of pedestrian targets that represent an adult or a child in terms of size, shape, reflection properties, etc. for testing purposes. The document addresses the detection requirements for a pedestrian target in terms of sensing technologies commonly in use at the time of publication of this document, and where possible, anticipated future sensing technologies. It also addresses methodologies to verify the target response properties to these sensors, as well as some performance requirements for the target carrier. This document does not address the test procedures in terms of speeds, positions, or timing of events. Performance criteria for the active safety system being evaluated are also not addressed. A related test procedure using pedestrian targets according to this document can be found in ISO 19237.

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This document specifies performance requirements for surrogate targets used to assess the system detection and activation performance of active safety systems. This document specifies the properties of a vehicle target that will allow it to represent a passenger vehicle in terms of size, shape, reflection properties, etc. for testing purposes. The document addresses the detection requirements for a vehicle target in terms of sensing technologies commonly in use at the time of publication of this document, and where possible, anticipated future sensing technologies. It also addresses methodologies to verify the target response properties to these sensors, as well as performance requirements for the target carrier. This document specifies the properties of the vehicle target for simulation of rear-end scenarios, with overlap greater than 50 %. The specifications of vehicle targets in this document are intended to address current and anticipated test protocols related to safety critical events in which the subject vehicle approaches a stopped, braking or slower moving (target) vehicle from behind and in the forward path of the subject vehicle. This document does not address the test procedures in terms of speeds, positions, or timing of events. Performance criteria for the active safety system are also not addressed.

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This document defines terms and definitions commonly used for the annotation of video from NDSs collected during real-world driving in an uncontrolled setting.

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This document specifies the selection, preparation, conditioning, packaging, labelling, transportation and storage for materials and components for, but not limited to, volatile organic compound (VOC) testing, fogging testing and odour testing. It pays special attention to materials sensitive to contamination and/or rapid volatilization of emissions in order to achieve repeatable and accurate test results.

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The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developers of visual external communication systems for automated vehicles (AV), particularly Automated Driving System ? Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DV), as defined by SAE J3016. The main objective of this document is to propose how ADS-DVs could communicate with other road users via an external communication system. It discusses the interaction between humans and ADS-DVs within roadway environments. Recommendations for the type of external visual communication messaging are presented along with the supporting methodological rationale. This document does not address functionality elements of the ADS-DV external visual communication system itself. Rather, it serves to propose how the system communicates to human users such that it can be learned and understood by society at large.

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This document describes spare unit substitutive equipment (SUSE) for passenger car tyres, which is designed to enable users to continue their journey (with or without a stop) in a reasonably safe manner. NOTE 1 Certain equipment becomes effective automatically, thus avoiding the need to stop the vehicle immediately for inspection and corrective action. This document is intended only to qualify the performance of SUSE systems. Its specifications only apply to SUSE systems that can permit the extended mobility of the vehicle. NOTE 2 Other types of SUSE are described in Annexes A and B. The specifications in this document apply from the moment the SUSE system becomes effective, with the driver continuing to control the vehicle (in terms of speed and direction) in an attempt to reach an appropriate place for servicing. The following are within the scope of this document: — the description of the various types of SUSE; — the description and performance levels of complete SUSE systems. NOTE 3 The performance level that the user reasonably has the right to expect, as well as the restrictive conditions placed upon that level, can vary to a large degree depending on the equipment installed and on the real operating conditions of the tyre in flat-tyre running mode. The following are outside the scope of this document: — the vehicle to be equipped; — the tyre while operating in inflated mode; — the characteristics of the pressure survey device and of the warning function relative to the inflated mode or to the partially deflated mode due to slow pressure losses; — the transitory phase, if any, before the equipment becomes effective; — the inspection, assessment, and the servicing of the SUSE system, after it has been activated in flat tyre running mode.

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This document defines performance criteria for an optical data channel used in impact tests on road vehicles, when numerical time and space data are taken from images to analyse impact test results. The objective of this document is to facilitate comparison between results obtained by different laboratories by specifying minimum quality criteria. Annexes A, B, C and D present a method of measuring several indices like quality parameters of sub processes of the optical data channel, using a calibration target, reference distances and analysis systems.

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This document specifies requirements and other design information which became available since 2013 for the WorldSID 50th percentile side-impact dummy, a standardized anthropomorphic dummy for side-impact tests of road vehicles. It is applicable to impact tests involving: — passenger vehicles of category M1 and goods vehicles of category N1; — impacts to the side of the vehicle structure; and — impact tests involving use of an anthropomorphic dummy as a human surrogate for the purpose of evaluating compliance with vehicle safety standards.

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This document specifies information for the field collection of traffic accident data that is necessary or may assist in the evaluation of occupant restraint systems in passenger cars and trucks. The specific occupant restraints covered are seat belts, head restraints, knee protection, airbag systems and child restraint systems. This document does not cover an assessment of the structural performance of the vehicle for which items such as crush, intrusion, and structural architecture may be necessary.

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This document defines the labels and related colours for indication of the fuel and/or energy used for propulsion of a road vehicle, especially for the case of new vehicle technology and/or power sources, including hybrid drive lines. The communication of propulsion energy and related hazards is made in a logical and modular way to facilitate the understanding. This document is applicable to passenger cars, buses, coaches, light and heavy commercial vehicles according to ISO 3833. This document does not cover fuels being part of truck cargo. The usage of the label includes, but is not limited to, the rescue sheet (ISO 17840-1 and ISO 17840-2[1]) and the emergency response guide (ISO 17840-3[2]). [1]Under preparation. Stage at time of publication: ISO/DIS 17840-2. [2]Under preparation. Stage at time of publication: ISO/DIS 17840-3.

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ISO 12214:2018 gives design recommendations and requirements for the direction-of-motion of hand controls found in passenger, multipurpose and commercial vehicles, and buses.

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This document specifies a standardized and objective process to analyse and determine the olfactory
behaviour of components, semi-finished products and materials fitted in the interior of road vehicles.
The odour determination is either performed by using samples from the interior air of road vehicles
or from emission test chamber air. This document describes an olfactory screening method based
on different scales for the olfactory assessment which are described in the annexes. Other olfactory
assessments, e.g. according to ISO 16000-28, are also possible but are not the focus of this document.

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This document describes a qualitative and quantitative analytical method for vapour-phase organic
compounds released from car trim materials under simulated real use conditions, i.e. a vehicle is
parked for several hours in direct sunlight. Under these conditions, some interior parts and materials
reach higher temperatures than 65 °C (ISO 12219-4), e.g. a dashboard can reach temperatures up to
120 °C. This document can be implemented as an optional addition to ISO 12219-4 so that VOC, volatile
carbonyl and SVOC testing can all be completed within one day. This part has been added to gain insight
into the emission behaviour and emission potential of selected vehicle interior parts and materials
exposed to higher temperatures. (By convention, 100 °C is set as the higher temperature.)
The test is performed in small emission test chambers (small chambers). These small chambers are
intended to provide a transfer function for vehicle level emissions. This method is intended for
evaluating new car interior trim components but can, in principle, be applied to used car components.
The specified analytical procedure for SVOCs and semi-volatile carbonyls is ISO 16000-6.
This document is complementary to existing standards[1],[2] and provides third party test laboratories
and manufacturing industry with an approach for
— identifying the effect of real use conditions on specific VOC and SVOC emissions data,
— comparing emissions from various assemblies with regards to specific VOC and SVOC emissions,
— evaluating and sorting specific assemblies regarding specific VOC and SVOC emissions data,
— providing specific VOC and SVOC emissions data to develop and verify a correlation between
component level methods and in vehicle air quality and
— evaluating prototype, “low-emission” assemblies during development.
The method described can be exclusively performed as a high temperature test or it can be performed
in combination with the determination of VOCs at 65 °C in one run, which is described in ISO 12219-4.

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ISO 20077-2:2018 specifies general rules and basic principles the manufacturer of the extended vehicle (ExVe) considers when elaborating its own design method. It does not specify the manner in which these design methods are drafted and implemented. ISO 20077-2:2018 specifies by means of a template the necessary information that is communicated to the ExVe manufacturer for requesting the design of a new ExVe functionality. It also specifies, by means of a template, the information the ExVe manufacturer provides for responding to that request. ISO 20077-2:2018 does not specify the process leading to the elaboration of the request information nor the process associated to communication of the response information. ISO 20077-2:2018 concerns the design of the extended vehicles mentioned in the scope of ISO 20077‑1, regardless of the type of communication interface which is used between the ExVe and external systems or parties. It does not concern the internal communication of the ExVe. It does not standardize the implementation of software or hardware nor preclude any technical solution the ExVe manufacturer might select when designing a new ExVe functionality. ISO 20077-2:2018 relates to the design and production phases of a vehicle, where these phases include the subsequent design upgrades by the ExVe manufacturer of vehicle models, variants, or types still in production. NOTE Should new interfaces for remote communication with the vehicle become mandatory, then this document is also applicable for designing the requested ExVe functionalities.

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ISO 20077-1:2017 defines the concepts and the terms related to extended vehicles. ISO 20077-1:2017 presents general information regarding these vehicles, specifies the dedicated terminology and describes the interrelation with other standards related to extended vehicles. ISO 20077-1:2017 concerns: - road vehicles with four or more wheels designed and constructed primarily for the carriage of persons that are defined as Category 1 vehicles in the United Nations Special Resolution No.1 in TRANS/WP.29/1045, as last amended on 19 June 2012; - road vehicles with four or more wheels designed and constructed primarily for the carriage of goods that are defined as Category 2 vehicles in the United Nations Special Resolution No.1 in TRANS/WP.29/1045, as last amended on 19 June 2012, where these road vehicles are still in accordance with the specifications of the vehicle manufacturer. While this document mentions already standardized interfaces and devices (e.g. external test equipment) connected to these interfaces, the specification of these interfaces and devices is not within the scope of this document.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for the design, manufacture, identification and
testing of battery vehicles and multiple-element gas containers (MEGCs) containing cylinders, tubes or
bundles of cylinders. It is applicable to battery vehicles and MEGCs containing compressed gas, liquefied
gas and mixtures thereof. It is also applicable to battery vehicles for dissolved acetylene. This European
Standard is not applicable to battery vehicles and MEGC for toxic gases with an LC50 value less than or
equal to 200 ml/m3.
This European Standard applies also to battery vehicles and MEGCs containing bundles of cylinders
connected by a manifold which are dis-assembled from the battery vehicle and filled individually.
This European Standard does not apply to battery vehicles and MEGCs containing pressure drums or
tanks.
This European Standard does not specify requirements for the vehicle chassis or motive unit.
This European standard does not cover requirements for sea transportation.
This European Standard is primarily intended for industrial gases other than Liquefied Petroleum Gases
(LPG). At the time of publication of this European Standard, there is no European Standard for
dedicated LPG battery vehicles.

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ISO/TS 13471-1:2017 specifies procedures for determining the effect of temperature on tyre/road noise emission. Temperatures considered are tyre, road and ambient air temperatures. The noise emission for which this document is applicable is measured by means of ISO 11819‑2, or similar methods such as the on-board sound intensity (OBSI) method specified in Reference [1]. Measurement results obtained at a certain temperature, which may vary over a wide range, are normalized to a designated reference temperature (20 °C) using a correction procedure specified in this document.

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ISO 12219-6:2017 describes a qualitative and quantitative analytical method for vapour-phase organic compounds released from car trim materials under simulated real use conditions, i.e. a vehicle is parked for several hours in direct sunlight. Under these conditions, some interior parts and materials reach higher temperatures than 65 °C (ISO 12219‑4), e.g. a dashboard can reach temperatures up to 120 °C. This document can be implemented as an optional addition to ISO 12219‑4 so that VOC, volatile carbonyl and SVOC testing can all be completed within one day. This part has been added to gain insight into the emission behaviour and emission potential of selected vehicle interior parts and materials exposed to higher temperatures. (By convention, 100 °C is set as the higher temperature.) The test is performed in small emission test chambers (small chambers). These small chambers are intended to provide a transfer function for vehicle level emissions. This method is intended for evaluating new car interior trim components but can, in principle, be applied to used car components. The specified analytical procedure for SVOCs and semi-volatile carbonyls is ISO 16000‑6. ISO 12219-6:2017 is complementary to existing standards[1],[2] and provides third party test laboratories and manufacturing industry with an approach for - identifying the effect of real use conditions on specific VOC and SVOC emissions data, - comparing emissions from various assemblies with regards to specific VOC and SVOC emissions, - evaluating and sorting specific assemblies regarding specific VOC and SVOC emissions data, - providing specific VOC and SVOC emissions data to develop and verify a correlation between component level methods and in vehicle air quality and - evaluating prototype, "low-emission" assemblies during development. The method described can be exclusively performed as a high temperature test or it can be performed in combination with the determination of VOCs at 65 °C in one run, which is described in ISO 12219‑4.

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ISO 12219-7:2017 specifies a standardized and objective process to analyse and determine the olfactory behaviour of components, semi-finished products and materials fitted in the interior of road vehicles. The odour determination is either performed by using samples from the interior air of road vehicles or from emission test chamber air. This document describes an olfactory screening method based on different scales for the olfactory assessment which are described in the annexes. Other olfactory assessments, e.g. according to ISO 16000‑28, are also possible but are not the focus of this document.

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ISO 17987-7:2016 specifies the conformance test for the electrical physical layer (EPL) of the LIN communications system. It is part of this document to define a test that considers ISO 9646 and ISO 17987‑4. The purpose of ISO 17987-7:2016 is to provide a standardized way to verify whether a LIN bus driver is compliant to ISO 17987?4. The primary motivation is to ensure a level of interoperability of LIN bus drivers from different sources in a system environment. ISO 17987-7:2016 provides all the necessary technical information to ensure that test results are consistent even on different test systems, provided that the particular test suite and the test system are compliant to the content of this document.

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This document specifies basic requirements for the laboratory testing of vibration transmission
through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible
to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats.
It specifies the test method, the instrumentation requirements, the measuring assessment method and
the way to report the test result.
This document applies to specific laboratory seat tests which evaluate vibration transmission to the
occupants of any type of seat used in vehicles and mobile off-road machinery.
Application standards for specific vehicles refer to this document when defining the test input vibration
that is typical for the vibration characteristics of the type or class of vehicle or machinery in which the
seat is to be fitted.
NOTE Examples of application standards are given in the bibliography.

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ISO 10326-1:2016 specifies basic requirements for the laboratory testing of vibration transmission through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats.
It specifies the test method, the instrumentation requirements, the measuring assessment method and the way to report the test result.
ISO 10326-1:2016 applies to specific laboratory seat tests which evaluate vibration transmission to the occupants of any type of seat used in vehicles and mobile off-road machinery.
Application standards for specific vehicles refer to this document when defining the test input vibration that is typical for the vibration characteristics of the type or class of vehicle or machinery in which the seat is to be fitted.
NOTE Examples of application standards are given in the bibliography.

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ISO 10326-1:2016 specifies basic requirements for the laboratory testing of vibration transmission through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats. It specifies the test method, the instrumentation requirements, the measuring assessment method and the way to report the test result. ISO 10326-1:2016 applies to specific laboratory seat tests which evaluate vibration transmission to the occupants of any type of seat used in vehicles and mobile off-road machinery. Application standards for specific vehicles refer to this document when defining the test input vibration that is typical for the vibration characteristics of the type or class of vehicle or machinery in which the seat is to be fitted. NOTE Examples of application standards are given in the bibliography.

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ISO 17987-6:2016 specifies the LIN protocol conformance test. This test verifies the conformance of LIN communication controllers with respect to ISO 17987‑2 and ISO 17987‑3. ISO 17987-6:2016 provides all necessary technical information to ensure that test results are identical even on different test systems, provided that the particular test suite and the test system are compliant to the content of this document.

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ISO 17987-4:2016 specifies the 12 V and 24 V electrical physical layers (EPL) of the LIN communications system. The electrical physical layer for LIN is designed for low-cost networks with bit rates up to 20 kbit/s to connect automotive electronic control units (ECUs). The medium that is used is a single wire for each receiver and transmitter with reference to ground. ISO 17987-4:2016 includes the definition of electrical characteristics of the transmission itself and also the documentation of basic functionality for bus driver devices. All parameters in this document are defined for the ambient temperature range from −40 °C to 125 °C.

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ISO 17987-3:2016 specifies the LIN protocol including the signal management, frame transfer, schedule table handling, task behaviour and status management and LIN master and slave node. It contains also OSI layer 5 properties according to ISO 14229‑7 UDSonLIN-based node configuration and identification services (SID: B016 to B816) belonging to the core protocol specification. A node (normally a master node) that is connected to more than one LIN network is handled by higher layers (i.e. the application) not within the scope of ISO 17987-3:2016.

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