Kerbs of natural stone for external paving - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the performance requirements and the corresponding test methods for natural stone kerbs, for external use. It provides for product marking and for the evaluation of conformity of the product to this European Standard. This European Standard covers also characteristics that are of importance to the trade. It does not cover the effect of de-icing salts.

Bordsteine aus Naturstein für Außenbereiche - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm enthält die Leistungsanforderungen an Bordsteine aus Naturstein für Außenbe-
reiche sowie die entsprechenden Prüfverfahren.
Sie ermöglicht die Produktkennzeichnung und Konformitätsbewertung des Produktes nach dieser Euro-
päischen Norm.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt außerdem charakteristische Merkmale, die für den Handel von
Bedeutung sind.
Die Wirkung von Tausalzen wird nicht behandelt.

Bordures de pierre naturelle pour le pavage extérieur - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de performances et les méthodes d'essais correspondantes, pour les bordures de pierre naturelle en emploi extérieur.
Il spécifie le marquage et l'évaluation de conformité du produit au présent document européenne.
La présente Norme européenne précise également des caractéristiques importantes sur le plan commercial.
Il ne couvre pas les effets des sels de déverglaçage.

Robniki iz naravnega kamna za zunanje tlakovanje - Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-Aug-2002
Withdrawal Date
15-Jan-2013
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
18-Dec-2012
Due Date
10-Jan-2013
Completion Date
16-Jan-2013

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Robniki iz naravnega kamna za zunanje tlakovanje - Zahteve in preskusne metodeBordsteine aus Naturstein für Außenbereiche - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenBordures de pierre naturelle pour le pavage extérieur - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiKerbs of natural stone for external paving - Requirements and test methods93.080.20Materiali za gradnjo cestRoad construction materials91.100.15Mineralni materiali in izdelkiMineral materials and productsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1343:2001SIST EN 1343:2002en01-september-2002SIST EN 1343:2002SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1343:20011DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1343:2002

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 1343December 2001ICS 93.080.20Supersedes EN 1343:2000English versionKerbs of natural stone for external paving - Requirements andtest methodsBordures de pierre naturelle pour le pavage extérieur -Exigences et méthodes d'essaiBordsteine aus Naturstein für Außenbereiche -Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 October 2001.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2001 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 1343:2001 ESIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:20012ContentspageForeword............................................................................................................................................31Scope.....................................................................................................................................42Normative references...........................................................................................................43Terms and definitions..........................................................................................................44Requirements.......................................................................................................................74.1General..................................................................................................................................74.2Permissible deviations........................................................................................................84.3Freeze/thaw resistance......................................................................................................114.4Flexural strength................................................................................................................114.5Aspects...............................................................................................................................114.6Water absorption................................................................................................................124.7Petrographical description................................................................................................124.8Chemical surface treatment..............................................................................................125Evaluation of conformity...................................................................................................125.1General................................................................................................................................125.2Initial type tests..................................................................................................................125.3Factory production control...............................................................................................136Acceptance criteria............................................................................................................136.1Sampling.............................................................................................................................136.2Conformity criteria.............................................................................................................147Marking, labelling and packaging.....................................................................................14Annex A (normative)

Measurement of dimensions......................................................................15Annex B (informative)

Calculation of breaking loads for kerbs..................................................20Annex C (normative)

Sampling......................................................................................................22Annex ZA (informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions ofthe EU Construction Products Directives.......................................................................23SIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:20013ForewordThis European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 178 "Paving units andkerbs", the secretariat of which is held by BSI.This European Standard supersedes EN 1343:2000.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of anidentical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2002, and conflicting national standards shallbe withdrawn at the latest by September 2003.This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the EuropeanCommission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements ofEU Directive(s).For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative annex ZA, which is an integral part of thisstandard.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of thefollowing countries are bound to implement this European Standard : Austria, Belgium, CzechRepublic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.SIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:200141 ScopeThis European Standard specifies the performance requirements and the corresponding test methodsfor natural stone kerbs, for external use.It provides for product marking and for the evaluation of conformity of the product to this EuropeanStandard.This European Standard covers also characteristics that are of importance to the trade.It does not cover the effect of de-icing salts.2 Normative referencesThis European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from otherpublications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and thepublications are listed hereafter. For dated references subsequent amendments to or revisions of anyof these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment orrevision of the following list. For undated references, the latest edition of the publication referred toapplies (including amendments).EN 12371,Natural stone test methods — Determination of frost resistanceEN 12372, Natural stone test methods — Determination of flexural strength under concentrated loadEN 12407, Natural stone test methods — Determination of flexural strenght under concentrated loadEN 13755, Natural stone test methods — Determination of water absorption at atmospheric pressure3 Terms and definitionsFor the purposes of this European Standard the following terms and definitions apply.3.1kerbunit greater than 300 mm in length, commonly used as edging to a road or footpath (see Figure 1)3.1.1concave kerbkerb, curved in plan with a concave face3.1.2convex kerbkerb, curved in plan with a convex face3.1.3textured kerbkerb with a modified appearance resulting from one or several mechanical or thermal surfacetreatmentsSIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:200153.2upper facesurface of a kerb intended to be seen when in use3.3actual dimensionany dimension of a kerb as measured3.4work dimensionany size of a kerb as specified3.5overall lengththe longer side of the rectangle with the smallest length able to enclose a straight kerb. This onlyapplies to straight kerbs. The overall length of a curved kerb is measured on the visible face(see Figure 2)3.6overall widththe shorter side of the rectangle with the smallest area able to enclose the kerb. This only applies tostraight kerbs. The overall width of a curved kerb is the widest point of the cross-section of the kerb(see Figure 2)3.7heightdistance between the upper face and the bedface of the kerb3.8batterintended deviation from the vertical of the traffic face of a kerb3.9fine texturedsurface treatment with a maximum difference of 0,5 mm between peaks and depressions (for examplepolished, honed or sawn with a diamond disc or blade)3.10honeddull polish or matt surface3.11coarse texturedsurface treatment with more than 2 mm difference between peaks and depressions (for example dollypointed, tooled, shot blasted or flame textured)3.12dolly pointedfinish consisting of peaks and depressions, achieved by using a four pointed dolly bit3.13tooledfinish resulting from mechanical surface treatment and showing tool marks3.14hewnunworked, as riven surfaceSIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:200161223Key1 Inner radius concave front face2 Radius3 Outer radius convex front faceFigure 1 — Diagram showing convex and concave kerbsSIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:20017123Key1 Overall length2 Overall width3 Battered or chamferedFigure 2 — An example of a curved kerb showing the overall length and width4 Requirements4.1 GeneralUnless otherwise stated, kerbs shall be supplied in free running lengths. For curved kerbs the lengthis the greater diameter. The manufacturer shall state the maximum working length of a kerb unit.The ends of curved kerbs shall be radial.Curved kerbs shall be identified by the radius of the vertical face. The overall length of a number ofcurved kerbs shall be measured without the joints on the edge common to the visible faces.The minimum length of curved kerbs shall be 500 mm.Nominally square arrises may have a chamfer with vertical and horizontal dimensions not exceeding2 mm.The dimensions of larger chamfers, radiused corners and splays, when used, shall be declared by thesupplier. Examples of typical kerb cross-sections are shown in Figure 3.SIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:200184.2 Permissible deviations4.2.1 Overall width and heightWhen measured in accordance with A.3.1, the permissible deviations from the overall width andheight as laid, declared by the supplier, shall be as given in Table 1.Table 1 — Deviations on nominal overall width and heightLocationWidthHeightClass 1Class 2Marking designationH1H2Between two hewn faces 10 mm 30 mm 20 mmBetween one textured face and one hewn face 5 mm 30 mm 20 mmBetween two textured faces 3 mm 10 mm 10 mmSIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:2001911010101023645789101010101010101010Key1There may be a nominal chamfer or radius on this corner (see 4.1)2Chamfer3Radius4Rectangular5Battered6Chamfered or splayed7Undercut8Chamfered or splayed9Radiused10FaceFigure 3 — Examples of typical kerb cross-sectionsSIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:2001104.2.2 BatterWhen measured in accordance with A.3.2, the permissible deviations on batter for battered kerbsshall be as given in Table 2.Table 2 — Examples of typical kerb cross-sectionsClass 1Class 2Marking designationD1D2Sawn 5 mm 2 mmHewn 15 mm 15 mmTextured 5 mm 5 mm4.2.3 Deviations of faces (straight kerbs only)When measured in accordance with A.3.3, the permissible deviations on the faces of nominallystraight kerbs shall be as given in Table 3.Table 3 — Deviation on faces of straight kerbsHewnTexturedEdge straightness parallel to the plane of the top face 6 mm 3 mmEdge straightness perpendicular to the top face of the top 3 mm 6 mm 3 mmPerpendicularity between the top and front faces, when 10 mm 7 mmnominally squareDistortion of the top face 10 mm 5 mmPerpendicularity between the top face and the end surfaceAll kerbs

5 mm4.2.4 Radius (curved kerbs only)When measured in accordance with A.3.4, the radius of hewn or textured kerbs to the tooled faceshall be within 2 % of the declared value.4.2.5 Face irregularitiesThe face of kerbs shall be free from drill holes.When measured in accordance with A.3.5, the limits on surface protrusions and cavities shall conformto Table 4.Table 4 — Deviation on face irregularitiesHewn+ 10 mm, - 15 mmCoarse textured+ 5 mm, - 10 mmFine textured+ 3 mm, - 3 mmSIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:2001114.3 Freeze/thaw resistanceThe producer shall declare the freeze/thaw resistance of the stone in accordance with Table

5 whentested in accordance with EN 12371. The number of cycles shall be 48. The test shall be carried outto determine the effect of freeze/thaw cycles on performance characteristics(EN 12372 - flexural strength). The specimens shall be in accordance with the appropriate standard.For some specific uses it may be appropriate to use different test cycles, for example freezing inwater, freezing to a lower temperature, or testing specimens embedded in non-porous siliceousgranules or a different number of cycles.

In these cases national specification standards may befollowed but these variations shall be clearly stated in the test report.If there is no requirement for freeze/thaw resistance or no performance has been determined, thenthis shall be stated.Table 5 — Freeze/thaw resistanceClassClass 0Class 1Marking designationF0F1RequirementNo requirements for freeze/thawResistantresistance( 20 % change in flexuralstrength)4.4 Flexural strengthThe producer shall declare a flexural strength in megapascals (MPa) as the minimum value expectedfor individual test specimens when tested in accordance with EN 12372. If no performance has beendetermined this shall be stated.NOTEGuidance on the appropriate breaking load for different classes of use is given in annex B.4.5 Aspects1.1.1 AppearanceStone is a naturally occurring material giving rise to variations in colour, veining and texture, thereforegeneral characteristics of the appearance may be given by one or more specimens (see 4.5.2).4.5.2 Reference sampleA reference sample shall be a number of pieces of kerb of natural stone of sufficient size to indicatethe appearance of the finished work and the approximate appearance regarding the colouring, thevein pattern, the physical structure and face finish.It shall show the general tonality and finish of the natural stone, but does not imply any total uniformityin colour and veins between the sample and finished product.The reference sample shall be provided and delivered to the customer as an indication to showspecific characteristic such as glass seams, spots, holes for travertine, worm holes for marble,crystalline veins and rusty spots of the offered materials.NOTEThese characteristics should not be considered as flaws and should not be used as a reason forrejection.SIST EN 1343:2002

EN 1343:200112The name and address of the producer or the supplier shall be indicated on the sample as well asidentification of the material including trade name, petrographic name, country of origin and extractionarea.Reference samples shall also show the surface finish proposed.Any comparison between test and reference samples shall be carried out by placing the referencesample against the test specimens and viewing them at a distance of two metres under normallighting conditions and recording any visible differences in appearance, texture or colour.4.6 Water absorptionWhen required the producer shall declare the water absorption (% by mass) as the maximum valueexpected for individual specimens when tested in accordance with EN 13755.4.7 Petrographical descriptionThe producer shall provide a petrographical description, including a petrographic name of the stonetype, in accordance with EN 12407.4.8 Chemical surface treatmentThe producer/supplier shall declare if the product has been subjected to a chemical surface treatmentand what the treatment was.5 Evaluation of conformity5.1 GeneralThe producer or supplier shall demonstrate compliance of his product, either new or existing, with therequirements of this standard and with the declared values or classes for the product properties bycarrying out initial type testing and factory production control. Where tests have previously been donein conformity with the requirements of this standard (same product, same characteristic, test methodand sampling method) the results may be taken into account for initial type testing.The value declared by the producer or supplier shall be representative of the current produ

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