Helmets for fire fighting in buildings and other structures

The purpose of this European Standard is to provide essential performance requirements for protective helmets for Firefighters whilst firefighting in buildings and other structures. The helmets in this Standard can be used for other activities subject to a Risk Assessment. This standard allows options to take account of particular national requirements.
The standard also includes guidance on selection, use, care and maintenance in an informative annex. Fire fighters should be trained in the use, care and maintenance of helmets covered by this standard, including an understanding of any limitation.
The standard deals with two types of helmets: a type A and a type B. Selection of the type of helmet and any optional equipment should be made following a comprehensive risk assessment.
This standard primarily specifies minimum safety requirements for the protection of the upper head. Requirements for the protection of the lower face and the neck, where relevant, are covered by other European standards, which are referenced in this standard. However helmets incorporating means of protecting the firefighters lower face and neck are not excluded from complying with this standard.
Figures 1 to 5 are integral parts of this standard.

Feuerwehrhelme für die Brandbekämpfung in Gebäuden und anderen baulichen Anlagen

Der Zweck dieser Europäischen Norm ist es, Leistungsanforderungen für Feuerwehrhelme für die
Brandbekämpfung in Gebäuden und anderen baulichen Anlagen festzulegen. Die in dieser Norm behandelten
Helme können für andere Tätigkeiten genutzt werden, die einer Risikobewertung unterliegen. Diese Norm
gestattet es, bestimmte nationale Anforderungen zu berücksichtigen.
Feuerwehrpersonal sollte in Gebrauch, Pflege und Instandhaltung der in dieser Norm behandelten Helme
einschließlich jeglicher Einschränkungen unterwiesen werden.
Die Norm behandelt zwei Helmtypen: Typ A und Typ B. Die Auswahl des Helmtyps und zusätzlich wählbarer
Ausrüstung sollte nach einer allgemeinen Risikobewertung erfolgen.
Diese Norm legt vornehmlich Mindestsicherheitsanforderungen zum Schutz der oberen Kopfhälfte fest.
Anforderungen zum Schutz der unteren Gesichtshälfte und des Nackens werden, sofern zutreffend, in
anderen Europäischen Normen behandelt, auf die in dieser Norm verwiesen wird. Helme, die Mittel zum
Schutz der unteren Gesichtshälfte und des Halses von Feuerwehrpersonal umfassen, sind jedoch nicht von
der Übereinstimmung mit dieser Norm ausgeschlossen.

Casques pour la lutte contre les incendies dans les bâtiments et autres structures

La présente Norme européenne a pour objet d’établir les exigences de performance relatives aux casques
de sapeurs-pompiers pour la lutte contre les incendies dans les bâtiments et autres structures. Les casques
faisant l’objet de la présente norme peuvent etre utilisés dans le cadre d’autres activités sujettes a une
évaluation appropriée des risques. La présente norme autorise des options pour prendre en compte des
exigences nationales particulieres.
Il convient que les sapeurs-pompiers soient formés a l’utilisation, aux soins et a l’entretien des casques
relevant de la présente norme, et qu’ils en connaissent les limites d’utilisation éventuelles.
La norme traite de deux types de casques : type A et type B. Il convient que le choix du type de casque et
d’un éventuel équipement optionnel soit effectué sur la base d’une évaluation complete du risque.
La présente norme spécifie principalement les exigences minimales de sécurité concernant la protection de
la partie supérieure de la tete. Les exigences relatives a la protection de la partie inférieure du visage et du
cou, s’il y a lieu, font l’objet d’autres normes européennes, mentionnées dans la présente norme.
Cependant, les casques intégrant un systeme de protection de la partie inférieure du visage et du cou
doivent etre conformes a la présente norme.

Gasilske čelade za gašenje v stavbah in drugih zgradbah

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-Apr-2008
Current Stage
6100 - Translation of adopted SIST standards (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Jun-2017
Due Date
01-Jun-2018
Completion Date
13-Mar-2018

RELATIONS

Effective Date
01-May-2008

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Feuerwehrhelme für die Brandbekämpfung in Gebäuden und anderen baulichen AnlagenCasques pour la lutte contre les incendies dans les bâtiments et autres structuresHelmets for fire fighting in buildings and other structures13.340.20Varovalna oprema za glavoHead protective equipment13.220.10Gašenje požaraFire-fightingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 443:2008SIST EN 443:2008en,fr,de01-maj-2008SIST EN 443:2008SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 443:19981DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 443:2008

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 443February 2008ICS 13.340.20Supersedes EN 443:1997

English VersionHelmets for fire fighting in buildings and other structuresCasques pour la lutte contre les incendies dans lesbâtiments et autres structuresFeuerwehrhelme für die Brandbekämpfung in Gebäudenund anderen baulichen AnlagenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 December 2007.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as theofficial versions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2008 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 443:2008: ESIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword.............................................................................................................................................................4 Introduction........................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................7 4 Requirements........................................................................................................................................9 4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................9 4.1.1 Surface finish.........................................................................................................................................9 4.1.2 Innocuousness of materials.................................................................................................................9 4.1.3 Visual defects........................................................................................................................................9 4.1.4 Additional devices and accessories...................................................................................................9 4.1.5 Face protectors...................................................................................................................................10 4.1.6 Neck guards.........................................................................................................................................10 4.1.7 Protection of area 3b...........................................................................................................................10 4.1.8 Wearing the helmet.............................................................................................................................10 4.2 Shock absorption................................................................................................................................10 4.2.1 Area 1a.................................................................................................................................................10 4.2.2 Areas 1a and 1b...................................................................................................................................10 4.3 Resistance to penetration..................................................................................................................10 4.4 Lateral crushing..................................................................................................................................10 4.5 Retention system effectiveness........................................................................................................10 4.6 Retention system strength.................................................................................................................11 4.7 Radiant heat.........................................................................................................................................11 4.7.1 Areas 1a and 1b...................................................................................................................................11 4.7.2 Areas 3a and 3b...................................................................................................................................11 4.8 Protection against hot solids.............................................................................................................11 4.9 Protection against molten metals......................................................................................................11 4.9.1 Areas 1a and 1b...................................................................................................................................11 4.9.2 Areas 3a and 3b...................................................................................................................................11 4.10 Heat resistance....................................................................................................................................12 4.10.1 Area 1a, area 1b and area 2................................................................................................................12 4.10.2 Area 3a.................................................................................................................................................12 4.11 Flame resistance.................................................................................................................................12 4.12 Electrical properties............................................................................................................................12 4.12.1 Conductive headform.........................................................................................................................12 4.12.2 Wet helmet insulation.........................................................................................................................12 4.12.3 Surface insulation...............................................................................................................................12 4.13 Contact with liquid chemicals (optional)..........................................................................................13 4.13.1 Areas 1a, 1b.........................................................................................................................................13 4.13.2 Areas 3a, 3b.........................................................................................................................................13 4.14 Field of vision......................................................................................................................................13 4.15 Extent of protection............................................................................................................................13 4.15.1 Area 1a and area 1b............................................................................................................................13 4.15.2 Area 3b (optional)................................................................................................................................14 5 Test procedures..................................................................................................................................14 5.1 Sampling and helmet adjustment......................................................................................................14 5.1.1 Sampling..............................................................................................................................................14 5.1.2 Helmet adjustment..............................................................................................................................14 5.2 Visual inspection.................................................................................................................................14 5.3 Conditioning........................................................................................................................................14 5.3.1 General.................................................................................................................................................14 SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 3 5.3.2 Ultra-violet (UV) ageing......................................................................................................................15 5.3.3 Thermal shock.....................................................................................................................................15 5.3.4 Solvent conditioning...........................................................................................................................15 5.3.5 "Thermal plus" conditioning..............................................................................................................15 5.3.6 "Thermal minus" conditioning..........................................................................................................15 5.3.7 Wet conditioning.................................................................................................................................15 5.4 Shock absorption................................................................................................................................16 5.4.1 Area 1a.................................................................................................................................................16 5.4.2 Areas 1a and 1b...................................................................................................................................16 5.5 Resistance to penetration..................................................................................................................17 5.6 Lateral crushing..................................................................................................................................17 5.6.1 Principle...............................................................................................................................................17 5.6.2 Procedure............................................................................................................................................17 5.7 Retention system effectiveness........................................................................................................17 5.8 Retention system strength.................................................................................................................18 5.9 Radiant heat.........................................................................................................................................18 5.9.1 Areas 1a and 1b...................................................................................................................................18 5.9.2 Areas 3a and 3b...................................................................................................................................18 5.10 Protection against hot solids.............................................................................................................18 5.11 Protection against molten metals.....................................................................................................18 5.11.1 Area 1a and 1b.....................................................................................................................................18 5.11.2 Area 3a and area 3b............................................................................................................................19 5.12 Heat resistance....................................................................................................................................19 5.12.1 Areas 1a and 1b...................................................................................................................................19 5.12.2 Area 3a.................................................................................................................................................19 5.13 Flame resistance.................................................................................................................................19 5.14 Electrical properties............................................................................................................................19 5.14.1 Conductive headform test..................................................................................................................19 5.14.2 Wet helmet insulation test.................................................................................................................19 5.14.3 Surface insulation test.......................................................................................................................20 5.15 Contact with liquid chemicals (optional)..........................................................................................20 5.15.1 Areas 1a and 1b...................................................................................................................................20 5.15.2 Areas 3a and 3b...................................................................................................................................20 5.16 Field of vision......................................................................................................................................20 5.17 Extent of protection, area 1a and 1b.................................................................................................20 5.17.1 Equipment............................................................................................................................................20 5.17.2 Samples...............................................................................................................................................20 5.17.3 Test method.........................................................................................................................................20 6 Marking................................................................................................................................................20 7 Information to be supplied by the manufacturer.............................................................................21 Annex A (informative)

List of hazards..........................................................................................................29 Annex B (normative)

Conditioning – Testing schedule..............................................................................32 Annex C (informative)

Checking compatibility of PPE...............................................................................34 Annex D (informative)

Test results, uncertainty of measurement.............................................................36 D.1 Uncertainty of measurement.............................................................................................................36 D.2 Interpretation of results......................................................................................................................36 D.3 Calculation of uncertainty of measurement.....................................................................................37 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC.......................................................................................38 Bibliography.....................................................................................................................................................40

SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 443:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 158 “Head protection”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2008. This document supersedes EN 443:1997. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 5 Introduction Minimum requirements for helmets protecting the lower face and the neck are included in this European Standard. Requirements for other products protecting the lower face and neck are also covered in other European Standards. This European Standard allows options to take account of particular additional requirements. This European Standard deals with two types of helmets: type A and type B. Selection of the type of helmet and any optional equipment should be made following a comprehensive risk assessment. Annex A gives an informative list of hazards. Firefighters should be trained in the use, care and maintenance of helmets covered by this European Standard, including an understanding of any limitations. SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 6

1 Scope This European Standard specifies minimum requirements for firefighters' helmets protecting the upper head mainly against the effects of impact, penetration and heat and flame, whilst firefighting in buildings and other structures. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 136:1998, Respiratory protective devices — Full face masks — Requirements, testing, marking EN 137:2006, Respiratory protective devices — Self-contained open circuit compressed air breathing apparatus with full face mask — Requirements, testing, marking EN 166:2001, Personal eye-protection — Specifications EN 168:2001, Personal eye-protection — Non-optical test methods EN 469:2005, Protective clothing for firefighters — Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting EN 531:1995, Protective clothing for industrial workers exposed to heat (excluding firefighters' and welders' clothing) EN 960:2006, Headforms for use in the testing of protective helmets EN 13087-1:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 1: Conditions and conditioning EN 13087-2:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 2: Shock absorption EN 13087-3, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 3: Resistance to penetration EN 13087-4, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 4: Retention system effectiveness EN 13087-5:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 5: Retention system strength EN 13087-6, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 6: Field of vision EN 13087-8:2000, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 8: Electrical properties EN 13087-10, Protective helmets — Test methods — Part 10: Resistance to radiant heat EN 13911, Protective clothing for firefighters — Requirements and test methods for fire hoods for firefighters EN 14458:2004, Personal eye-equipment — Face shields and visors for use with firefighters’ and high performance industrial safety helmets used by firefighters, ambulance and emergency services EN ISO 9185:2007, Protective clothing — Assessment of resistance of materials to molten metal splash (ISO 9185:2007) ISO 1817:2005, Rubber, vulcanized — Determination of the effect of liquids SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 7 ISO 17493, Clothing and equipment for protection against heat — Test method for convective heat resistance using a hot air circulating oven 3 Terms and definitions For the purpose of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 960:2006 and the following apply. 3.1 helmet for firefighting in buildings and other structures (hereafter referred to as 'helmet') headwear, for the protection of the wearer's head against hazards which might occur during operations of firefighting in buildings and other structures 3.2 area of protection specific area on a headform for which protection is intended to be provided by the helmet NOTE This European Standard envisages five areas as defined in 3.3 to 3.7. 3.3 area 1a area situated above plane ‘AA’ as defined in Figure 1 3.4 area 1b area situated between plane ‘AA’ and points CDEF as defined in Figure 1 3.5 area 2 at least the area defined for an eye-guard in EN 14458 3.6 area 3a area on the neck-guard from the lower edge of the shell to the lower edge of the neck-guard and rearward from the vertical transverse plane, or part thereof 3.7 area 3b at least the area CDHG defined in Figure 2 3.8 type A helmet helmet protecting at least area 1a 3.9 type B helmet helmet protecting at least areas 1a and 1b 3.10 headform shape replacing the head which is used for testing certain helmet characteristics 3.11 sagittal plane of the helmet plane corresponding with the longitudinal vertical median plane of the headform when the helmet is correctly adjusted on it according to manufacturer's instructions of use SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 8 3.12 vertical axis of the helmet axis corresponding with the central vertical axis of the headform when the helmet is correctly adjusted on it according to manufacturer's instructions of use 3.13 basic shape outer shape which the helmet would have if it had neither comb nor brim nor any of the fairings or radiusing associated with these 3.14 helmet shell component in hard material with a smooth finish, which gives the helmet its general shape 3.15 comb raised part of the shell that runs along the mid-sagittal plane 3.16 brim ridge protruding outwards from the basic shape of the shell forming the lower edge of the shell and including its associated fairings and radiusing 3.17 accessory additional device(s) approved by the manufacturer which may be attached to the helmet and intended to be removable by the user, but which provide no protective function to the wearer NOTE

Examples of accessories are lamp brackets, cable clips, badges and trims. 3.18 integral additional protective function part(s) of the helmet, intended by the helmet manufacturer not to be removed by the user, except for maintenance and fitting purposes, and which provide protection to the wearer NOTE The protection afforded to the wearer by the integral additional protective function is not within the scope of this European Standard. 3.19 non-integral additional protective function additional protective device(s) which may be attached to the helmet and intended to be removable by the user NOTE Non-integral additional protective functions are optional and are not specifically required for conformity to this European Standard. 3.20 energy absorption system material and/or suspension system which serves to dampen impact energy 3.21 comfort system material and/or system which serves to improve comfort for the wearer 3.22 retention system those parts which are responsible for securing the helmet in position on the head, including items which enable adjustment or improved comfort SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 9 3.23 chinstrap part of a retention system, including a strap which passes under or on the wearer's chin and which helps to ensure that the helmet is correctly maintained in place 3.24 neck-guard part which protects the neck (area 3a) from liquids, hot materials, radiant heat and flames 3.25 face protector part that protects at least the part of the face that is defined by area 2 3.26 ear covers part of the helmet which protects at least the ears of the wearer 3.27 dripping softening with material movement and consequent detachment 3.28 badge material attached to the helmet for purposes of identification 3.29 trim retro reflective and/or fluorescent material attached to the outermost surface of the helmet shell e.g. for visibility enhancement 4 Requirements 4.1 General 4.1.1 Surface finish When tested in accordance with 5.2 there shall be no sharp edges, roughness or projection on any part of the helmet that may cause discomfort or injury to the wearer during fitting, wearing or maintenance. 4.1.2 Innocuousness of materials When tested in accordance with 5.2 materials that may come into contact with the wearer's skin shall not be known to be likely to cause irritation or any other adverse effect to health. 4.1.3 Visual defects All materials shall be visibly unimpaired after cleaning and disinfection by the agents and procedures specified by the manufacturer in the information supplied. Such agents shall not be known to be likely to cause irritation or any other adverse effect to the health of the wearer. 4.1.4 Additional devices and accessories When items as defined in 3.17, 3.18 and 3.19 are stated as being for use with the helmet by the helmet manufacturer, the helmet with such items fitted to it shall continue to satisfy the requirements of this European Standard. SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 10 4.1.5 Face protectors Face protectors intended for use and supplied with helmets conforming to this European Standard shall conform to the requirements of EN 14458. When protection of Area 2 is provided or recommended by the helmet manufacturer for use with a helmet complying with this European Standard, it shall be by a face protector conforming to EN 14458. 4.1.6 Neck guards When neck-guards are provided or recommended by the helmet manufacturer for use with a helmet complying with this European Standard, the neck-guards shall conform to the requirements for area 3a as appropriate. 4.1.7 Protection of area 3b When protection of area 3b is provided or recommended by the helmet manufacturer for use with a helmet complying with this European Standard, this protection shall conform to the requirements for area 3b as appropriate. 4.1.8 Wearing the helmet The constraints imposed by the wearing of the helmet shall be minimized, so as to enable the wearer to perform structural firefighting. NOTE Annex C gives guidance to verify this requirement. 4.2 Shock absorption 4.2.1 Area 1a When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.4.1, the force transmitted to the headform shall not exceed 15 kN. 4.2.2 Areas 1a and 1b When tested in accordance with 5.4.2: a) projectile shall be prevented from passing completely through the helmet; b) there shall be no release of material from the inner surface of the helmet; c) where protection is provided by non-rigid material, there shall be no additional contact with the headform such that a mark appears on the white paper on the opposite side to that struck by the ball. 4.3 Resistance to penetration When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.5, there shall be no contact between the striker and the test block. 4.4 Lateral crushing When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.6, the maximum transverse and longitudinal deformations of the helmet shall not exceed 40 mm. The residual deformations shall not exceed 15 mm. 4.5 Retention system effectiveness When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.7 it shall not come off the headform. SIST EN 443:2008

EN 443:2008 (E) 11 4.6 Retention system strength This clause applies to helmets for which a chin strap is recommended or provided by the helmet manufacturer for use with the helmet. When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.8: a) maximum elongation of the whole system shall not exceed 20 mm for a load of 250 N; b) minimum width of the chin strap shall be 15 mm for a load of 250 N; c) release point of the retention system shall be betw

...

SLOVENSKI SIST EN 443
STANDARD
maj 2008
Gasilske čelade za gašenje v stavbah in drugih zgradbah
Helmets for fire fighting in buildings and other structures

Casques pour la lutte contre les incendies dans les bâtiments et autres structures

Feuerwehrhelme für die Brandbekämpfung in Gebäuden und anderen baulichen
Anlagen
Referenčna oznaka
ICS 13.220.10; 13.340.20 SIST EN 443:2008 (sl)
Nadaljevanje na straneh II do III in od 1 do 39

© 2018-04. Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje ali kopiranje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 443 : 2008
NACIONALNI UVOD

Standard SIST EN 443 (sl), Gasilske čelade za gašenje v stavbah in drugih zgradbah, 2008, ima status

slovenskega standarda in je istoveten evropskemu standardu EN 443 (en, de, fr), Helmets for fire

fighting in buildings and other structures, 2008.
Ta standard nadomešča SIST EN 443:1998.
NACIONALNI PREDGOVOR

Evropski standard EN 443:2008 je pripravil tehnični odbor Evropskega komiteja za standardizacijo

CEN/TC 158 Varovanje glave. Slovenski standard SIST EN 443:2008 je prevod evropskega standarda

EN 443:2008. V primeru spora glede besedila slovenskega prevoda v tem standardu je odločilen izvirni

evropski standard v enem izmed treh uradnih jezikov CEN. Slovensko izdajo standarda je pripravil

tehnični odbor SIST/TC OVP Osebna varovalna oprema.

Odločitev za privzem tega standarda je dne 27. marca 2008 sprejel SIST/TC OVP Osebna varovalna

oprema.
ZVEZA S STANDARDI

S privzemom tega evropskega standarda veljajo za omejeni namen referenčnih standardov vsi

standardi, navedeni v izvirniku, razen tistih, ki so že sprejeti v nacionalno standardizacijo:

SIST EN 136:1998 Oprema za varovanje dihal – Obrazne maske – Zahteve, preskušanje,

označevanje

SIST EN 137:2006 Oprema za varovanje dihal – Avtonomen dihalni aparat z odprtim krogom

z dovodom stisnjenega zraka z obrazno masko – Zahteve, preskušanje,
označevanje
SIST EN 166:2002 Osebno varovanje oči – Specifikacije
SIST EN 168:2002 Osebno varovanje oči – Metode neoptičnih preskusov

SIST EN 469:2006 Zaščitna obleka za gasilce – Zahtevane lastnosti za zaščitno obleko pri

gašenju požara

SIST EN 531:1996 Zaščitna obleka za delavce v industriji, ki so izpostavljeni učinkom toplote

(ne vključuje obleke za gasilce in varilce)
SIST EN 960:2006 Modeli glav za preskušanje zaščitnih čelad

SIST EN 13087-1:2000 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 1. del: Pogoji in predpriprava

SIST EN 13087-2:2000 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 2. del: Absorpcija udarca

SIST EN 13087-3 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 3. del: Odpornost proti prediranju

SIST EN 13087-4 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 4. del: Učinkovitost
zadrževalnega sistema

SIST EN 13087-5:2001 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 5. del: Čvrstost zadrževalnega

sistema
SIST EN 13087-6 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 6. del: Vidno polje

SIST EN 13087-8:2001 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 8. del: Električne lastnosti

SIST EN 13087-10 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 10. del: Odpornost proti
toplotnemu sevanju

SIST EN 13911 Zaščitna obleka za gasilce – Zahteve in preskusne metode za zaščitne

kapuce za gasilce
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 443 : 2008

SIST EN 14458:2004 Osebna oprema za varovanje oči – Ščitniki za obraz in vizirji za gasilce ter

industrijske čelade z visoko stopnjo zaščite, katere uporabljajo gasilci,
reševalci in osebje prve pomoči

SIST EN ISO 9185:2007 Varovalna obleka – Ocenitev odpornosti materialov proti obrizgu staljene

kovine (ISO 9185:2007)
OSNOVA ZA IZDAJO STANDARDA
– privzem standarda EN 443:2008
PREDHODNA IZDAJA
– SIST EN 443:1998
OPOMBE

– Povsod, kjer se v besedilu standarda uporablja izraz »evropski standard«, v SIST EN 443:2008 to

pomeni »slovenski standard«.
– Uvod in nacionalni predgovor nista sestavni del standarda.
– Ta nacionalni dokument je istoveten EN 443:2008 in je objavljen z dovoljenjem
CEN-CENELEC
Avenue Marnix 17
B-1000 Bruselj
Belgija

This national document is identical with EN 443:2008 and is published with the permission of

CEN-CENELEC
Avenue Marnix 17
B-1000 Bruxelles
Belgium
III
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 443 : 2008
(prazna stran)
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
EVROPSKI STANDARD EN 443
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
februar 2008
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.20 Nadomešča EN 443:1997
Slovenska izdaja
Gasilske čelade za gašenje v stavbah in drugih zgradbah

Helmets for fire fighting in buildings Casques pour la lutte contre les Feuerwehrhelme für die

and other structures incendies dans les bâtiments et Brandbekämpfung in Gebäuden
autres structures und anderen baulichen Anlagen
Ta evropski standard je CEN sprejel dne 28. decembra 2007.

Člani CEN morajo izpolnjevati določila notranjih predpisov CEN/CENELEC, s katerimi je predpisano, da

mora biti ta evropski standard brez kakršnihkoli sprememb sprejet kot nacionalni standard. Seznami

najnovejših izdaj teh nacionalnih standardov in njihovi bibliografski podatki so na voljo pri upravnem

centru ali članih CEN.

Ta evropski standard obstaja v treh uradnih izdajah (angleški, francoski in nemški). Izdaje v drugih

jezikih, ki jih člani CEN na lastno odgovornost prevedejo in izdajo ter prijavijo pri centralnem sekretariatu

CEN, veljajo kot uradne izdaje.

Člani CEN so nacionalni organi za standarde Avstrije, Belgije, Bolgarije, Cipra, Češke republike,

Danske, Estonije, Finske, Francije, Grčije, Irske, Islandije, Italije, Latvije, Litve, Luksemburga,

Madžarske, Malte, Nemčije, Nizozemske, Norveške, Poljske, Portugalske, Romunije, Slovaške,

Slovenije, Španije, Švedske, Švice in Združenega kraljestva.
CEN
Evropski komite za standardizacijo
European Committee for Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation
Europäisches Komitee für Normung
Upravni center: rue de Stassart, 36, B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN Lastnice avtorskih pravic so vse države članice CEN. Ref. št. EN 443:2008 E

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SIST EN 443 : 2008
VSEBINA Stran

Predgovor ................................................................................................................................................. 5

Uvod ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Področje uporabe ................................................................................................................................. 7

2 Zveze s standardi ................................................................................................................................. 7

3 Izrazi in definicije .................................................................................................................................. 8

4 Zahteve ............................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1 Splošno ............................................................................................................................................ 10

4.1.1 Površinska obdelava .................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.2 Neškodljivost materialov ............................................................................................................... 10

4.1.3 Vidne poškodbe ............................................................................................................................ 10

4.1.4 Dodatne naprave in dodatna oprema ........................................................................................... 10

4.1.5 Ščitniki za obraz ........................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.6 Ščitniki za vrat .............................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.7 Zaščita za območje 3b.................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.8 Nošenje čelade ............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2 Absorpcija udarca ............................................................................................................................ 11

4.2.1 Območje 1a .................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2 Območji 1a in 1b ........................................................................................................................... 11

4.3 Odpornost proti prediranju ............................................................................................................... 11

4.4 Stranska lomna trdnost.................................................................................................................... 11

4.5 Učinkovitost zadrževalnega sistema ............................................................................................... 11

4.6 Čvrstost zadrževalnega sistema ..................................................................................................... 11

4.7 Toplotno sevanje ............................................................................................................................. 12

4.7.1 Območji 1a in 1b ........................................................................................................................... 12

4.7.2 Območji 3a in 3b ........................................................................................................................... 12

4.8 Zaščita pred vročimi trdnimi delci .................................................................................................... 12

4.9 Zaščita pred staljeno kovino ............................................................................................................ 12

4.9.1 Območji 1a in 1b ........................................................................................................................... 12

4.9.2 Območji 3a in 3b ........................................................................................................................... 12

4.10 Odpornost proti toploti ................................................................................................................... 12

4.10.1 Območja 1a, 1b in 2 ................................................................................................................... 12

4.10.2 Območje 3a ................................................................................................................................ 12

4.11 Odpornost proti plamenu ............................................................................................................... 13

4.12 Električne lastnosti ......................................................................................................................... 13

4.12.1 Prevodnost modela glave ........................................................................................................... 13

4.12.2 Izolacija mokre čelade ................................................................................................................ 13

4.12.3 Površinska izolacija .................................................................................................................... 13

4.13 Stik s tekočimi kemikalijami (izbirno) ............................................................................................. 13

4.13.1 Območji 1a in 1b ......................................................................................................................... 13

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SIST EN 443 : 2008

4.13.2 Območji 3a in 3b ......................................................................................................................... 14

4.14 Vidno polje ..................................................................................................................................... 14

4.15 Obseg zaščite ................................................................................................................................ 14

4.15.1 Območji 1a in 1b ......................................................................................................................... 14

4.15.2 Območje 3b (izbirno) .................................................................................................................. 14

5 Preskusni postopki ............................................................................................................................. 15

5.1 Vzorčenje in prilagajanje čelade ...................................................................................................... 15

5.1.1 Vzorčenje ...................................................................................................................................... 15

5.1.2 Prilagajanje čelade ....................................................................................................................... 15

5.2 Vizualni pregled ............................................................................................................................... 15

5.3 Kondicioniranje ................................................................................................................................ 15

5.3.1 Splošno ......................................................................................................................................... 15

5.3.2 Staranje z ultravijolično (UV) svetlobo .......................................................................................... 15

5.3.3 Toplotni šok .................................................................................................................................. 15

5.3.4 Kondicioniranje s topili .................................................................................................................. 16

5.3.5 Kondicioniranje "Thermal plus" .................................................................................................... 16

5.3.6 Kondicioniranje "Thermal minus" ................................................................................................. 16

5.3.7 Kondicioniranje z vlago ................................................................................................................ 16

5.4 Absorpcija udarca ............................................................................................................................ 16

5.4.1 Območje 1a .................................................................................................................................. 16

5.4.2 Območji 1a in 1b ........................................................................................................................... 16

5.5 Odpornost proti prediranju ............................................................................................................... 17

5.6 Stranska lomna trdnost.................................................................................................................... 17

5.6.1 Metoda .......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.6.2 Postopek ....................................................................................................................................... 17

5.7 Učinkovitost zadrževalnega sistema ............................................................................................... 18

5.8 Čvrstost zadrževalnega sistema ..................................................................................................... 18

5.9 Toplotno sevanje ............................................................................................................................. 18

5.9.1 Območji 1a in 1b ........................................................................................................................... 18

5.9.2 Območji 3a in 3b ........................................................................................................................... 18

5.10 Zaščita pred vročo trdno snovjo .................................................................................................... 19

5.11 Zaščita pred staljeno kovino .......................................................................................................... 19

5.11.1 Območji 1a in 1b ......................................................................................................................... 19

5.11.2 Območji 3a in 3b ......................................................................................................................... 19

5.12 Toplotna odpornost ........................................................................................................................ 19

5.12.1 Območji 1a in 1b ......................................................................................................................... 19

5.12.2 Območje 3a ................................................................................................................................ 19

5.13 Odpornost proti plamenu ............................................................................................................... 19

5.14 Električne lastnosti ......................................................................................................................... 20

5.14.1 Preskus prevodnosti modela glave ............................................................................................ 20

5.14.2 Preskus izolacije mokre čelade .................................................................................................. 20

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SIST EN 443 : 2008

5.14.3 Preskus površinske izolacije ...................................................................................................... 20

5.15 Stik s tekočimi kemikalijami (izbirno) ............................................................................................. 20

5.15.1 Območji 1a in 1b ......................................................................................................................... 20

5.15.2 Območji 3a in 3b ......................................................................................................................... 20

5.16 Vidno polje ..................................................................................................................................... 20

5.17 Obseg zaščite, območji 1a in 1b ................................................................................................... 20

5.17.1 Oprema ....................................................................................................................................... 20

5.17.2 Vzorci .......................................................................................................................................... 20

5.17.3 Preskusna metoda...................................................................................................................... 20

6 Označevanje ....................................................................................................................................... 21

7 Informacije, ki jih zagotovi proizvajalec .............................................................................................. 21

Dodatek A (informativni): Seznam nevarnosti ........................................................................................ 29

Dodatek B (informativni): Kondicioniranje – razpored preskušanja ....................................................... 31

Dodatek C (informativni): Preverjanje združljivosti osebne varovalne opreme (PPE) ........................... 33

Dodatek D (informativni): Rezultati preskušanja, merilna negotovost ................................................... 35

D.1 Merilna negotovost .......................................................................................................................... 35

D.2 Predstavitev rezultatov.................................................................................................................... 35

D.3 Izračun merilne negotovosti ............................................................................................................ 36

Dodatek ZA (informativni): Povezava med tem evropskim standardom in bistvenimi zahtevami

Direktive EU 89/686/EGS .................................................................................................................. 37

Literatura................................................................................................................................................. 39

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SIST EN 443 : 2008
Predgovor

Ta dokument (EN 443:2008) je pripravil tehnični odbor CEN/TC 158 "Varovanje glave", katerega

sekretariat vodi BSI.

Ta evropski standard mora dobiti status nacionalnega standarda z objavo istovetnega besedila ali z

razglasitvijo najpozneje do avgusta 2008, nasprotujoče nacionalne standarde pa je treba razveljaviti

najpozneje do avgusta 2008.
Ta dokument nadomešča EN 443:1997.

Ta dokument je bil pripravljen na podlagi mandata, ki sta ga Evropska komisija in Evropsko združenje

za prosto trgovino podelila CEN, in podpira bistvene zahteve direktiv EU.

Za povezavo z direktivami Evropske unije glej dodatek ZA, ki je sestavni del tega dokumenta.

Po notranjih predpisih CEN/CENELEC so dolžne ta evropski standard privzeti nacionalne organizacije

za standarde naslednjih držav: Avstrije, Belgije, Bolgarije, Cipra, Češke republike, Danske, Estonije,

Finske, Francije, Grčije, Irske, Islandije, Italije, Latvije, Litve, Madžarske, Luksemburga, Malte, Nemčije,

Nizozemske, Norveške, Poljske, Portugalske, Romunije, Slovaške, Slovenije, Španije, Švedske, Švice

in Združenega kraljestva.
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SIST EN 443 : 2008
Uvod

V ta evropski standard so vključene minimalne zahteve za čelade, ki ščitijo spodnji del obraza in vrat.

Zahteve za druge izdelke, ki ščitijo spodnji del obraza in vrat, so vključene tudi v drugih evropskih

standardih. Ta evropski standard dopušča možnosti za upoštevanje nekaterih dodatnih zahtev.

Ta evropski standard obravnava dva tipa čelad: tip A in tip B. Tip čelade in morebitna druga oprema naj

se izbereta na podlagi celovite ocene tveganja.
Dodatek A podaja informativni seznam nevarnosti.

Gasilci naj bodo usposobljeni za uporabo, nego in vzdrževanje čelad, obravnavanih v tem evropskem

standardu, ter naj poznajo morebitne omejitve.
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SIST EN 443 : 2008
1 Področje uporabe

Ta evropski standard določa minimalne zahteve za gasilske čelade, ki ščitijo zgornji del glave predvsem

pred posledicami udarca, preboja, vročine in plamena med gašenjem v stavbah in drugih zgradbah.

2 Zveze s standardi

Za uporabo tega standarda so, delno ali v celoti, nujno potrebni spodaj navedeni referenčni dokumenti.

Pri datiranih sklicevanjih se uporablja le navedena izdaja. Pri nedatiranih sklicevanjih se uporablja

zadnja izdaja publikacije (vključno z dopolnili).
EN 136:1998 Oprema za varovanje dihal – Obrazne maske – Zahteve, preskušanje,
označevanje

EN 137:2006 Oprema za varovanje dihal – Avtonomen dihalni aparat z odprtim krogom z

dovodom stisnjenega zraka z obrazno masko – Zahteve, preskušanje,
označevanje
EN 166:2001 Osebno varovanje oči – Specifikacije
EN 168:2001 Osebno varovanje oči – Metode neoptičnih preskusov

EN 469:2005 Zaščitna obleka za gasilce – Zahtevane lastnosti za zaščitno obleko pri

gašenju požara

EN 531:1995 Zaščitna obleka za delavce v industriji, ki so izpostavljeni učinkom toplote (ne

vključuje obleke za gasilce in varilce)
EN 960:2006 Modeli glav za preskušanje zaščitnih čelad

EN 13087-1:2000 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 1. del: Pogoji in predpriprava

EN 13087-2:2000 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 2. del: Absorpcija udarca

EN 13087-3 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 3. del: Odpornost proti prediranju

EN 13087-4 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 4. del: Učinkovitost zadrževalnega

sistema

EN 13087-5:2000 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 5. del: Čvrstost zadrževalnega

sistema
EN 13087-6 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 6. del: Vidno polje

EN 13087-8:2000 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 8. del: Električne lastnosti

EN 13087-10 Varovalne čelade – Preskusne metode – 10. del: Odpornost proti toplotnemu

sevanju
EN 13911 Zaščitna obleka za gasilce – Zahteve in preskusne metode za zaščitne
kapuce za gasilce

EN 14458:2004 Osebna oprema za varovanje oči - Ščitniki za obraz in vizirji za gasilce ter

industrijske čelade z visoko stopnjo zaščite, katere uporabljajo gasilci,
reševalci in osebje prve pomoči

EN ISO 9185:2007 Varovalna obleka – Ocenitev odpornosti materialov proti obrizgu staljene

kovine (ISO 9185:2007)
ISO 1817:2005 Vulkanizirana guma – Ugotavljanje učinka tekočin

ISO 17493 Obleke in oprema za zaščito pred toploto – Preskusna metoda za odpornost

proti konvekcijski toploti z uporabo pečice s kroženjem vročega zraka
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SIST EN 443 : 2008
3 Izrazi in definicije

V tem dokumentu se uporabljajo izrazi in definicije, navedeni v standardu EN 960:2006, ter naslednji

izrazi in definicije.
3.1
čelada za gašenje v stavbah in drugih zgradbah (v nadaljevanju: "čelada")

pokrivalo za zaščito glave uporabnika pred nevarnostmi, ki se lahko pojavijo med gašenjem v stavbah

in drugih zgradbah
3.2
območje zaščite
določeno območje na modelu glave, ki naj bi bilo predvidoma ščiteno s čelado

OPOMBA: Ta evropski standard se nanaša na pet območij, kot je opredeljeno v točkah 3.3–3.7.

3.3
območje 1a
območje nad ravnino "AA", kot je prikazano na sliki 1
3.4
območje 1b
območje med ravnino "AA" in točkami CDEF, kot je prikazano na sliki 1
3.5
območje 2
najmanj območje, ki je določeno za ščitnike za oči v standardu EN 14458
3.6
območje 3a

območje na ščitniku za vrat od spodnjega roba lupine do spodnjega roba ščitnika za vrat in zadaj od

navpične prečne ravnine ali njenega dela
3.7
območje 3b
najmanj območje CDHG, kot je prikazano na sliki 2
3.8
čelada tipa A
čelada, ki ščiti najmanj območje 1a
3.9
čelada tipa B
čelada, ki ščiti najmanj območji 1a in 1b
3.10
model glave
glava lutke, ki se uporablja za preskušanje določenih lastnosti čelade
3.11
sagitalna ravnina čelade

ravnina, ki ustreza vzdolžni navpični srednji ravnini modela glave, ko je čelada pravilno nameščena po

proizvajalčevih navodilih za uporabo
3.12
navpična os čelade

os, ki ustreza središčni navpični osi modela glave, ko je čelada pravilno nameščena po proizvajalčevih

navodilih za uporabo
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SIST EN 443 : 2008
3.13
osnovna oblika

zunanja oblika, ki bi jo imela čelada brez nastavkov, robov ali kakršnihkoli struktur ali krajevcev,

povezanih z njimi
3.14
lupina čelade
del iz trdega materiala z gladko površino, ki čeladi daje njeno splošno obliko
3.15
nastavek
dvignjen del lupine, ki poteka vzdolž srednje ravnine
3.16
rob

greben, ki moli navzven iz osnovne oblike lupine in tvori spodnji rob lupine ter njegove strukture ali

krajevce
3.17
dodatna oprema

dodatni deli, ki jih je odobril proizvajalec in se lahko namestijo na čelado oziroma odstranijo z nje, vendar

uporabniku ne zagotavljajo nobene zaščite

OPOMBA Primeri dodatne opreme so nosilci za svetilke, kabelske objemke, značke in dodatki.

3.18
neločljivi dodatni sestavni deli (integralna dodatna zaščitna funkcija)

del(-i) čelade, ki ga (jih) uporabnik čelade ne sme odstraniti, razen zaradi vzdrževanja in nameščanja, in

ki poskrbi(-jo) za dodatno zaščito uporabnika

OPOMBA Zaščita, ki jo uporabniku ponujajo neločljivi dodatni zaščitni deli, ne sodi na področje uporabe tega evropskega

standarda.
3.19
ločljivi dodatni sestavni deli (neintegralna dodatna zaščitna funkcija)

dodatni zaščitni del(-i), ki je (so) lahko nameščen(-i) na čelado in ga (jih) uporabnik lahko odstrani

OPOMBA Ločljivi dodatni sestavni deli so izbirni in niso izrecno zahtevani za skladnost s tem evropskim standardom.

3.20
sistem za absorpcijo energije
material in/ali sistem vzmetenja za blaženje energije udarca
3.21
sistem za zagotavljanje udobja
material in/ali sistem za izboljšanje udobja uporabnika
3.22
zadrževalni sistem

tisti deli, ki zagotavljajo ohranjanje položaja čelade na glavi, vključno z elementi, ki omogočajo

namestitev čelade ali izboljšanje udobja
3.23
pas za brado

del zadrževalnega sistema, sestavljen iz pasu, ki se prilega pod brado uporabnika in pomaga

zagotavljati pravilen položaj čelade na glavi
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SIST EN 443 : 2008
3.24
ščitnik za vrat
del,
...

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