Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations - Part 4: Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries for use in portable appliances

This Part of IEC 62485 applies to the safety aspects associated with the accommodation, the
arrangements of circuits and the operation of secondary valve-regulated lead-acid cells and
batteries in portable appliances. Requirements are specified which oblige the manufacturers
of appliances and secondary batteries to prevent the misuse of batteries in the course of
operation to provide protective measures avoiding injury to persons in case of battery failure
and to provide sufficient information to users.
This standard does not apply to secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other
non-acid electrolytes.

Sicherheitsanforderungen an Sekundär-Batterien und Batterieanlagen – Teil 4: Verschlossene Bleibatterien zur Anwendung in tragbaren Geräten

Exigences de sécurité pour les batteries d'accumulateurs et les installations de batteries - Partie 4: Batteries au plomb à soupapes pour appareils portables

L'IEC 62485-4:2015 s'applique aux aspects de sécurité liés à l'emplacement, à la disposition des circuits et au fonctionnement des éléments et batteries d'accumulateurs au plomb à soupapes dans les appareils portables. Des exigences sont spécifiées pour que les fabricants d'appareils et de batteries d'accumulateurs soient tenus d'empêcher l'utilisation impropre des batteries au cours de leur fonctionnement, de fournir des mesures de protection pour éviter de blesser les personnes en cas de défaillance de la batterie et de fournir des informations suffisantes aux utilisateurs. La présente norme ne s'applique pas aux éléments et aux batteries d'accumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolytes non acide. Cette première édition annule et remplace la première édition de l'IEC TR 61056-3, parue en 1991. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'IEC TR 61056-3: a) mise à jour des exigences et une harmonisation du texte en cohérence avec la série IEC 62485.

Varnostne zahteve za sekundarne baterije in baterijske naprave - 4. del: Z ventili regulirane svinčeve baterije za prenosne aparate

Ta del standarda IEC 62485 se uporablja za varnostne vidike, povezane z prilagajanjem postavitve, razporeditvijo tokokrogov ter delovanjem sekundarnih z ventili reguliranih svinčenih celic in baterij za prenosne aparate. Določene so zahteve, ki proizvajalce aparatov in sekundarnih baterij zavezujejo k preprečevanju nepravilne uporabe baterij med njihovim delovanjem, zagotavljanju zaščitnih ukrepov, namenjenih preprečevanju telesnih poškodb v primeru okvare baterij, ter zagotavljanju zadostnih informacij uporabnikom.
Ta standard se ne uporablja za sekundarne celice in baterije, ki vsebujejo alkalne ali druge nekislinske elektrolite.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Aug-2018
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
08-Aug-2018
Due Date
13-Oct-2018
Completion Date
21-Aug-2018

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
01-oktober-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 50272-4:2007

9DUQRVWQH]DKWHYH]DVHNXQGDUQHEDWHULMHLQEDWHULMVNHQDSUDYHGHO=YHQWLOL

UHJXOLUDQHVYLQþHYHEDWHULMH]DSUHQRVQHDSDUDWH

Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations - Part 4: Valve-

regulated lead-acid batteries for use in portable appliances

Exigences de sécurité pour les batteries d'accumulateurs et les installations de batteries

- Partie 4: Batteries au plomb à soupapes pour appareils portables
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 62485-4:2018
ICS:
29.220.20 .LVOLQVNLVHNXQGDUQLþOHQLLQ Acid secondary cells and
EDWHULMH batteries
29.220.30 $ONDOQLVHNXQGDUQLþOHQLLQ Alkaline secondary cells and
EDWHULMH batteries
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 62485-4
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2018
ICS 29.220.20; 29.220.30 Supersedes EN 50272-4:2007
English Version
Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery
installations - Part 4: Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries for use
in portable appliances
(IEC 62485-4:2015)

Exigences de sécurité pour les batteries d'accumulateurs et Sicherheitsanforderungen an Sekundär-Batterien und

les installations de batteries - Partie 4: Batteries au plomb à Batterieanlagen - Teil 4: Verschlossene Bleibatterien zur

soupapes pour appareils portables Anwendung in tragbaren Geräten
(IEC 62485-4:2015) (IEC 62485-4:2015)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2018-04-09. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 62485-4:2018 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
EN IEC 62485-4:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN IEC 62485-4:2018) consists of the text of IEC 62485-4:2015 prepared by

IEC/TC 21 "Secondary cells and batteries".
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which this document has to be (dop) 2019-04-09
implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2021-04-09
• latest date by which the national standards conflicting
with this document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 50272-4:2007.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62485-4:2015 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 60086-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60086-1.
IEC 60086-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60086-2.
IEC 60086-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60086-3.
IEC 60086-4 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60086-4.
IEC 60086-5 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60086-5.
IEC 61056-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61056-1.
IEC 61056-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61056-2.
IEC 62133 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62133.
IEC 62425-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62425-2.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
EN IEC 62485-4:2018 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-482 2004 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - -
(IEV) -- Part 482: Primary and secondary
cells and batteries
IEC 60417-DB - Graphical symbols for use on equipment - -
IEC 61429 1995 Marking of secondary cells and batteries EN 61429 1996
with the international recycling symbol ISO
7000-1135 and indications regarding
directives 93/86/EEC and 91/157/EEC
- - + A11 1998
- - + corrigendum Oct. 1998
ISO 7000 - Graphical symbols for use on equipment - - -
Registered symbols
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
IEC 62485-4
Edition 1.0 2015-01
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations –
Part 4: Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries for use in portable appliances
Exigences de sécurité pour les batteries d’accumulateurs et les installations
de batteries –
Partie 4: Batteries au plomb à soupapes pour appareils portables
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.220.20; 29.220.30 ISBN 978-2-8322-2209-6

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
– 2 – IEC 62485-4:2015  IEC 2015
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 6

4 Operating instructions ...................................................................................................... 7

5 Dimensions and interchangeability of cells and batteries ................................................. 7

6 Electrical safety ............................................................................................................... 7

6.1 Protection against incorrect polarity connection ...................................................... 7

6.2 Design of battery and battery compartments ........................................................... 7

7 Safe handling and protection against misuse ................................................................... 8

7.1 Charging ................................................................................................................. 8

7.2 Thermal abuse ........................................................................................................ 8

7.3 Mechanical impact .................................................................................................. 8

7.4 Protection against pole reversal in the event of deep discharge .............................. 8

7.5 Protection against electrical overload ...................................................................... 8

7.6 Safe handling .......................................................................................................... 8

8 Battery compartments ...................................................................................................... 8

8.1 General ................................................................................................................... 8

8.2 Battery accommodation ........................................................................................... 9

8.3 Replacement battery enclosures ............................................................................. 9

8.4 Battery terminals ..................................................................................................... 9

8.5 Protection against hazards caused by released gas ................................................ 9

9 Measures in the event of accidents with batteries by burns or poisoning .......................... 9

10 Marking and disposal of batteries for use in portable appliances .................................... 10

Annex A (informative) Instructions for use and recommendations to the end-users .............. 11

A.1 Instructions for use ............................................................................................... 11

A.2 Recommendations to the end-users ...................................................................... 11

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 13

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
IEC 62485-4:2015  IEC 2015 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES
AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS –
Part 4: Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries
for use in portable appliances
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62485-4 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 21:

Secondary cells and batteries.

This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC TR 61056-3 published in 1991. It

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the

IEC TR 61056-3:

a) updating of the requirements, and harmonisation of the text for consistency with the

IEC 62485 series.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
– 4 – IEC 62485-4:2015  IEC 2015
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
21/848/FDIS 21/850/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts of the IEC 62485 series can be found, under the general title Safety

requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations, on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
IEC 62485-4:2015  IEC 2015 – 5 –
INTRODUCTION

This standard provides information about the safety and health protection of persons when

using valve-regulated lead-acid batteries, which are used as a DC power supply systems in

portable appliances. Therefore the standard applies to commercially available valve-regulated

lead-acid batteries and battery systems.

IEC 62133 has preference for secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-

acid electrolytes.

In some portable appliances or toys the use of both primary and secondary cells or batteries

is possible. Where there is interchangeability of these cells or batteries, the standards for

primary batteries in the IEC 60086 series, Parts 1 to 5, have preference.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62485-4:2018
– 6 – IEC 62485-4:2015  IEC 2015
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES
AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS –
Part 4: Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries
for use in portable appliances
1 Scope

This Part of IEC 62485 applies to the safety aspects associated with the accommodatio

...

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