LPG equipment and accessories - Environmental considerations for CEN/TC 286 standards

Protection of the environment needs to be considered during the total life-cycle of a particular product, e.g. impact on the environment including expenditure of energy during all phases of its life-cycle, from mining of raw materials, production, testing, packaging, distribution, maintenance and use, end-of-life disposal and recycling of materials, etc.
This Technical Specification provides information on the environmental aspects of equipment and accessories produced for the LPG industry. The following is addressed:
a)   design;
b)   manufacture;
c)   packaging;
d)   use and operation;
e)   disposal.

Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Umweltgesichtspunkte für Normen des CEN/TC 286

Der Umweltschutz muss für den gesamten Lebensweg eines bestimmten Produkts betrachtet werden, z. B. Umweltauswirkungen, einschließlich des Energieaufwands während aller Phasen des Lebensweges, vom Abbau der Rohstoffe über die Herstellung, Prüfung, Verpackung, Verteilung, Wartung und Verwendung bis zur Entsorgung am Lebensende und Wiederverwertung der Werkstoffe usw.
Diese Technische Spezifikation enthält Angaben zu den Umweltaspekten von Geräten und Ausrüstungsteilen, die für die Flüssiggasindustrie hergestellt werden. Folgendes wird behandelt:
a)   Auslegung;
b)   Herstellung;
c)   Verpackung;
d)   Verwendung und Betrieb;
e)   Entsorgung.

Équipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Considérations environnementales pour les normes du CEN/TC 286

La protection de l'environnement doit être prise en compte durant le cycle de vie total d'un produit donné, par exemple l'impact sur l'environnement, y compris la consommation d'énergie durant toutes les phases de son cycle de vie, depuis l'extraction des matières premières, la fabrication, les essais, l'emballage, la distribution, l'utilisation et l'entretien, la mise au rebut et le recyclage en fin de vie des matériaux, etc.
La présente Spécification technique fournit des informations sur les aspects environnementaux des équipements et accessoires produits pour l'industrie du GPL. Les points suivants sont abordés :
a)   la conception ;
b)   la fabrication ;
c)   l'emballage ;
d)   l'utilisation et le fonctionnement ;
e)   la mise au rebut.

Oprema in pribor za utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) - Upoštevanje varstva okolja pri standardih CEN/TC 286

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
04-Dec-2014
Publication Date
08-Jun-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
20-May-2015
Due Date
25-Jul-2015
Completion Date
09-Jun-2015

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16765:2015
01-julij-2015

2SUHPDLQSULERU]DXWHNRþLQMHQLQDIWQLSOLQ 813 8SRãWHYDQMHYDUVWYDRNROMDSUL

VWDQGDUGLK&(17&
LPG equipment and accessories - Environmental considerations for CEN/TC 286
standards
Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Umweltgesichtspunkte für Normen des
CEN/TC 286

Équipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Considérations environnementales pour

les normes du CEN/TC 286
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 16765:2015
ICS:
13.020.01 Okolje in varstvo okolja na Environment and
splošno environmental protection in
general
23.020.30 7ODþQHSRVRGHSOLQVNH Pressure vessels, gas
MHNOHQNH cylinders
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16765:2015 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 16765:2015
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 16765:2015
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
CEN/TS 16765
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
April 2015
ICS 23.020.30
English Version
LPG equipment and accessories - Environmental considerations
for CEN/TC 286 standards

Équipements pour GPL et leurs accessoires - Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile -

Considérations environnementales pour les normes du Umweltgesichtspunkte für Normen des CEN/TC 286

CEN/TC 286

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 15 December 2014 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to submit their

comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS available

promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in parallel to the CEN/TS)

until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 16765:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN/TS 16765:2015 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword .................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ..........................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions..................................................................................................................5

4 Environmental aspects to be considered for systematically addressing environmental

issues ..........................................................................................................................................6

5 Design .........................................................................................................................................6

6 Procurement ................................................................................................................................7

7 Production ...................................................................................................................................9

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................9

7.2 Measures to reduce environmental impact..................................................................................9

8 Customer information..................................................................................................................9

9 Packaging.................................................................................................................................. 10

10 Transportation ........................................................................................................................... 10

11 Product operation and reuse ..................................................................................................... 10

11.1 Durability of the product, maintenance and repair .................................................................... 10

11.2 Reconditioning and reuse of equipment.................................................................................... 10

11.3 Inspection and testing ............................................................................................................... 11

11.3.1 Water ......................................................................................................................................... 11

11.3.2 Discharges to water................................................................................................................... 11

11.3.3 Emissions to air......................................................................................................................... 12

11.3.4 Discharges to soil...................................................................................................................... 12

12 End of life .................................................................................................................................. 12

Annex A (informative) Recycling symbols ............................................................................................. 13

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................................... 15

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Foreword

This document (CEN/TS 16765:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 286 “Liquefied

petroleum gas equipment and accessories”, the secretariat of which is held by NSAI.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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Introduction

Protection of the environment is a key political issue in Europe and elsewhere. Protection of the environment

is taken in a very broad sense.

Provisions need to be restricted to a general guidance. Limit values are specified in national laws.

It is recommended that manufacturers develop an environmental management policy. For guidance see the

EN ISO 14000- series.

It has been assumed in the drafting of this Technical Specification that the execution of its provisions is

entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced people.

Some of the environmental aspects also have an implication for occupational health and safety.

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1 Scope

Protection of the environment needs to be considered during the total life-cycle of a particular product, e.g.

impact on the environment including expenditure of energy during all phases of its life-cycle, from mining of

raw materials, production, testing, packaging, distribution, maintenance and use, end-of-life disposal and

recycling of materials, etc.

This Technical Specification provides information on the environmental aspects of equipment and accessories

produced for the LPG industry. The following are addressed:
a) design;
b) manufacture;
c) packaging;
d) use and operation; and
e) disposal.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 14717, Welding and allied processes ― Environmental check list
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
environmental aspect

element of an organization's activities or products or services that can interact with the environment

Note 1 to entry: A significant environmental aspect has or can have a significant environmental impact.

3.2
environmental impact

change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization's

environmental aspects
3.3
life-cycle assessment
LCA

compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system

throughout its life-cycle
3.4
prevention of pollution

use of processes, practices, techniques, materials, products, services or energy to avoid, reduce or control

(separately or in combination) the creation, emission or discharge of any type of pollutant or waste, in order to

reduce adverse environmental impacts
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Note 1 to entry: Prevention of pollution can include source reduction or elimination, process, product or service

changes, efficient use of resources, material and energy substitution, reuse, recovery, recycling, reclamation and

treatment.
3.5
packaging

all items made of any material of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and

presentation of goods, from raw materials to processed goods, from the producer to the user or the consumer

Note 1 to entry: In this report the goods are referred to as “packaged product” or just “product”, in order to distinguish it

from the packaging.
4 Environmental aspects to be considered for systematically addressing
environmental issues

There is a need to reduce the potential adverse impacts on the environment of a product that can occur during

all stages of its life. The potential environmental impacts of products can be reduced by taking into account

environmental issues.
The impact on the environment from the product life-cycle is caused by:
— depletion of resources; and

— pollution including, air emissions, effluent, waste materials and other releases.

Each of the aspects of the product life-cycle shall be examined in order to reduce these impacts on the

environment, referred to as a life-cycle assessment. These include:
— design;
— procurement, raw material acquisition, recycling of materials;
— production and testing;
— packaging and distribution;
— maintenance and use; and
— end-of-life disposal, reuse or recycling.

Prevention of pollution can take many forms and can be incorporated at all stages of the product life-cycle. For

example, hazardous, toxic or otherwise harmful substances and materials prescribed in product standards

should be substituted by other less harmful substances and materials, whenever possible and feasible, as

long as it can be demonstrated that at least an equivalent level of quality and safety can be provided and any

applicable regulations do not impair such substitution.
5 Design

Product design is the strongest tool for avoiding potential environmental impacts at all stages of the product

life-cycle. There are several approaches to product design that consider elements of resource conservation

and prevention of pollution.

Manufacturers should develop an environmental management policy; for guidance see the EN ISO 14000-

series.

The design of LPG equipment and accessories should take account of the following:

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— procurement;
— minimizing the use of materials;
— efficient transport of the finished product;
— minimizing the environmental impact of in service maintenance; and
— minimizing the environmental impact of end of life disposal.

The LPG equipment and accessories shall be designed so that its use is straightforward with minimal

complexity, reducing the risk of accidental misuse that could lead to adverse environmental impacts.

6 Procurement

The manufacturer should endeavour to acquire materials and components from suppliers who have a

declared environmental policy, see EN ISO 14021, EN ISO 14024 and EN ISO 14025.

Table 1 provides recommendations related to the selection and acquisition of raw materials, pre-manufactured

materials and components.

It is important in the procurement of raw materials that the depletion of resources is considered when

choosing the particular materials for the product.

The manufacturer should endeavour to minimize wastage of material by selecting appropriately sized

materials related to the finished parts required for manufacture. Unavoidable waste/scrap material should be

recycled.

Materials reuse, ease of recycling and recovery are important factors that should influence the choice of

materials.
Materials should be chosen to ensure that end-of-life disposal is minimized.
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Table 1 — Acquisition of raw material, pre-manufactured material and components
Recommendations Examples of choices and limitations

Using the smallest possible amounts of materials A decision should be made when a higher amount of a

material A with abundant resources is compared with a
B with very limited
smaller amount of a material
resources.

Using materials which can be easily recovered or Choices should be made for packaging when, a light-

recycled weight flexible packaging disposed of by incineration or
land-filling is compared with a heavy rigid container,
e.g. a cardboard box or a steel can that is easy to
recycle.

Using recycled or reused materials As a criterion, the end-of-life recycling rate should be

preferred to the percentage of recycled material in a
product. A lack of knowledge of the quality of the
recycled material e.g. the chemical composition
(hazardous substances, contaminations) may limit the
use of those materials.
Using renewable resources and mi
...

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