Glass in building - Safety in case of fire, fire resistance - Glass testing methodology for the purpose of classification

This document specifies the testing methodology to be used for glass products that are claiming fire resistance. The methodology covers Type Testing as defined in the relevant glass product standard.
NOTE   This document provides guidance with the declaration of the characteristic, Safety in case of fire − Resistance to fire (for glass for use in a glazed assembly intended specifically for fire resistance) for the CE marking.
The same methodology can also be used to determine the performance classification for market applications (see Annex B).
The methodology covers all glass product types that may require testing and classification for fire resistance.
Fire resistance testing covers end use applications for example:
-   doors;
-   partitions, walls (including curtain walling);
-   floors, roofs;
-   ceilings.

Glas im Bauwesen - Brandsicherheit, Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit - Verfahrensweise von Glasprüfungen zur Klassifizierung

Dieses Dokument legt die anzuwendenden Prüfverfahren für Glasprodukte fest, für die eine Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit beansprucht wird. Dieses Verfahren umfasst die Typprüfung (Type Testing (TT)) nach der relevanten Produktnorm für Glas.
ANMERKUNG   Dieses Dokument gibt Anleitungen für die Deklaration der Eigenschaft "Brandsicherheit - Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit (für Glas zum Einsatz in einer speziell für den Brandschutz vorgesehenen Verglasung)" im Rahmen der CE Kennzeichnung.
Dasselbe Verfahren kann auch zur Festlegung der Brandschutzklassifizierung für Marktanwendungen (siehe Anhang B) angewendet werden.
Die Verfahrensweise gilt für alle Glasarten, bei denen Prüfung und Klassifizierung des Feuerwiderstands relevant sein kann.
Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen decken Endanwendungen ab, wie z. B.:
-   Türen;
-   Trennwände, Wände (einschließlich Vorhangfassaden);
-   Decken, Dächer;
-   Unterdecken.

Verre dans la construction - Sécurité en cas d'incendie, résistance au feu - Méthodologie d'essai du verre à des fins de classification

Le présent document spécifie la méthodologie d’essai à appliquer pour les produits verriers déclarés résistants au feu. La méthodologie couvre les essais de type tels qu’ils sont définis dans la norme de produit verrier applicable.
NOTE   Le présent document fournit des lignes directrices sur la déclaration de la caractéristique « Sécurité en cas d’incendie - Résistance au feu (pour le verre utilisé dans un ensemble vitré spécialement prévu pour la résistance au feu) » pour le marquage CE.
La même méthodologie peut également être appliquée pour déterminer la classification de performance pour les applications sur le marché (voir l’Annexe B).
La méthodologie couvre tous les types de produits verriers pouvant nécessiter des essais et une classification de la résistance au feu.
Les essais de résistance au feu couvrent les applications finales, telles que :
-   les portes ;
-   les cloisons, les murs (y compris les façades rideaux) ;
-   les planchers, les toitures ;
-   les plafonds.

Steklo v gradbeništvu - Varnost v primeru požara, požarna odpornost - Metodologija preskušanja stekla za namene klasificiranja

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
21-Apr-2019
Publication Date
05-Nov-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Oct-2020
Due Date
17-Dec-2020
Completion Date
06-Nov-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15998:2020
01-december-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15998:2011
Steklo v gradbeništvu - Varnost v primeru požara, požarna odpornost -
Metodologija preskušanja stekla za namene klasificiranja

Glass in building - Safety in case of fire, fire resistance - Glass testing methodology for

the purpose of classification

Glas im Bauwesen - Brandsicherheit, Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit - Verfahrensweise von

Glasprüfungen zur Klassifizierung

Verre dans la construction - Sécurité en cas d'incendie, résistance au feu - Méthodologie

d'essai du verre à des fins de classification
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15998:2020
ICS:
13.220.50 Požarna odpornost Fire-resistance of building
gradbenih materialov in materials and elements
elementov
81.040.20 Steklo v gradbeništvu Glass in building
SIST EN 15998:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 15998:2020
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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.50; 81.040.20 Supersedes EN 15998:2010
English Version
Glass in building - Safety in case of fire, fire resistance -
Glass testing methodology for the purpose of classification

Verre dans la construction - Sécurité en cas d'incendie, Glas im Bauwesen - Brandsicherheit,

résistance au feu - Méthodologie d'essai du verre à des Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit - Verfahrensweise von

fins de classification Glasprüfungen zur Klassifizierung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 January 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15998:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Principles ........................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2 Testing to determine fire resistance as a product characteristic for a glass ............................. 9

4.3 Applicable fire resistance tests .................................................................................................................. 9

4.4 Glass products ............................................................................................................................................... 10

4.5 Classification report(s) .............................................................................................................................. 10

5 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.1.1 General remark ............................................................................................................................................. 10

5.1.2 Classification of a glass product .............................................................................................................. 10

5.1.3 Market application testing ........................................................................................................................ 10

5.2 For determination of fire resistance as a product characteristic for a glass .......................... 11

5.2.1 Classification of a glass product .............................................................................................................. 11

5.2.2 Market application testing ........................................................................................................................ 12

5.3 Non-sampled test results ........................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.2 Classification of a glass product .............................................................................................................. 12

5.3.3 Market application ...................................................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Pre-existing test data .................................................................................................................................. 12

6 Use of test data for the extended field of application (EXAP) ...................................................... 12

Annex A (informative) List of possible glass product standards (see 4.5) ........................................... 13

A.1 Monolithic basic or special basic glasses ............................................................................................. 13

A.2 Monolithic thermally toughened glasses ............................................................................................. 13

A.3 Laminated and laminated safety glasses ............................................................................................. 13

A.4 Insulating glass units .................................................................................................................................. 13

A.5 Coated glass .................................................................................................................................................... 14

Annex B (informative) Market application testing ....................................................................................... 15

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 16

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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15998:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 129 “Glass in

building”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15998:2010.

The following main changes have been made in EN 15998:2020 compared with edition EN 15998:2010:

— update of terms and definitions to be in line with the relevant standards in the area of fire safety in

buildings;
— editorial updates.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998:2020 (E)
Introduction

According to mandate M/135 “Glass in building”, one of the essential characteristics that may be

claimed is Safety in case of fire − Resistance to fire (for glass for use in a glazed assembly intended

specifically for fire resistance). However, glass products cannot be tested and classified for fire

resistance without being incorporated into a fire resistant glazed assembly.
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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the testing methodology to be used for glass products that are claiming fire

resistance. The methodology covers type testing as defined in the relevant glass product standard.

NOTE This document provides guidance with the declaration of the characteristic, Safety in case of fire −

Resistance to fire (for glass for use in a glazed assembly intended specifically for fire resistance) for the CE

marking.

The same methodology can also be used to determine the performance classification for market

applications (see Annex B).

The methodology covers all glass product types that may require testing and classification for fire

resistance.
Fire resistance testing covers end use applications, for example:
— doors;
— partitions, walls (including curtain walling);
— floors, roofs;
— ceilings.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1364-1, Fire resistance tests for non-loadbearing elements — Part 1: Walls
EN 1364-2, Fire resistance tests for non-loadbearing elements — Part 2: Ceilings

EN 1364-3, Fire resistance tests for non-loadbearing elements — Part 3: Curtain walling — Full

configuration (complete assembly)

EN 1364-4, Fire resistance tests for non-loadbearing elements — Part 4: Curtain walling — Part

configuration
EN 1365-1, Fire resistance tests for loadbearing elements — Part 1: Walls

EN 1365-2, Fire resistance tests for loadbearing elements — Part 2: Floors and roofs

EN 1634-1, Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assemblies, openable windows and

elements of building hardware — Part 1: Fire resistance test for door and shutter assemblies and openable

windows

EN 13501-2, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 2: Classification

using data from fire resistance tests, excluding ventilation services
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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998:2020 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
extended field of application
EXAP

outcome of a process (involving the application of defined rules that can incorporate calculation

procedures) that predicts, for a variation of a product property and/or its intended end use

application(s), a test result on the basis of one or more test results to the same test standard

[SOURCE: EN 13501-2:2016, 3.29]
3.2
fire resistant glass
glass

glass product, (i.e. monolithic glass, laminated glass, insulating glass units), that when used in a glazed

assembly, can have its performance determined and classified in accordance with EN 13501-2

Note 1 to entry: The term “insulating” when used as an insulating glass unit according to EN 1279-1, should not

be confused with the term “insulation” used in EN 13501-2 classification standard for fire resistant glazed

elements.
3.3
fire performance classification
result of (a) fire resistance test(s) expressed as required in EN 13501-2

Note 1 to entry: The classification is reported with respect to integrity (E), integrity and radiation (EW),

integrity and insulation (EI), and loadbearing capacity and integrity (RE) and loadbearing capacity, integrity and

insulation (REI).

Note 2 to entry: The classification of a specific glass product will be one or more of E, EW, EI, RE, REI.

Note 3 to entry: The time obtained for different classifications may be different, e.g. EW 30, EI 20.

3.4
framing system
frame profile and fixing to the supporting construction
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1, B.
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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998:2020 (E)
Key
A glazing system
B framing system
1 frame

2 metal anchor, screwed or bolted to the supporting construction (4) by a fixing anchor (3)

3 screw and fixing anchor
4 supporting construction
5 bead, screwed or clipped or clamped
6 bead fixing
7 glazing strip
8 glass
9 sealing or gasket
10 setting block
Figure 1 — Fire resistant framing and glazing system
3.5
glass product range

group of fire resistant glass (see 3.2) products, including products from one or more glass product

families, e.g. monolithic glass, laminated glass, insulating glass units, defined and produced by one

manufacturer for which the characteristic resistance to fire from any one product within the range is

valid for all other products within this range

Note 1 to entry: The glass product families are defined in the relevant product standards.

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SIST EN 15998:2020
EN 15998:2020 (E)
3.6
glazed assembly
fire-resistant glass to
...

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