Aerospace series - Burning behaviour of non metallic materials under the influence of radiating heat and flames - Determination of smoke density

This standard defines a test method for determination of the smoke density due to pyrolitic decomposition of solid materials and composite materials of up to 25 mm in thickness under the influence of radiant heat only or with simultaneous flame application.
The test results enable a comparison of the smoke production of different materials or material configurations under the conditions specified in this standard.
NOTE 1   The smoke gas density is determined according to the specific environmental and test conditions defined in EN 2824 and this standard. No studies have been made up to now to determine whether the results can be transferred to differing conditions, particularly to actual fire conditions.
NOTE 2   The burning behaviour - and consequently the smoke density - of aerospace materials are not only influenced by the type of material but also to a large extent by the configuration, the specific surface and mass, the combination with other materials, the means of joining as well as the processing technique.

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Brandverhalten nicht metallischer Werkstoffe unter Einwirkung von strahlender Wärme und Flammen - Bestimmung der Rauchdichte

Diese Norm legt ein Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung der Rauchdichte durch pyrolytische Zersetzung von Feststoffen und Verbundmaterialien von bis zu 25 mm Dicke unter der Einwirkung von Wärmestrahlung allein oder bei gleichzeitiger Flammeinwirkung fest.
Die Prüfergebnisse ermöglichen einen Vergleich der Rauchentwicklung verschiedener Materialien oder Materialkonfigurationen unter den in dieser Norm festgelegten Bedingungen.
ANMERKUNG 1   Die Rauchgasdichte wird gemäß den in EN 2824 und dieser Norm festgelegten, spezifischen Umgebungs- und Prüfbedingungen bestimmt. Bisher liegen keine Untersuchungen dazu vor, ob sich die Ergebnisse auf andere Bedingungen übertragen lassen, insbesondere auf den tatsächlichen Brandfall.
ANMERKUNG 2   Das Brandverhalten – und folglich die Rauchdichte – von Werkstoffen in der Luft- und Raumfahrt werden nicht allein durch den Werkstofftyp bestimmt, sondern in hohem Maße auch durch die Konfiguration, die spezifische Oberfläche und Masse, die Kombination mit anderen Werkstoffen, das Fügeverfahren sowie die Verarbeitungsmethode.

Série aérospatiale - Comportement au feu des matériaux non métalliques sous l'action de chaleur rayonnante et de flammes - Détermination de la densité de fumée

Aeronavtika - Gorljivost nekovinskih materialov zaradi žarčenja toplote in plamena - Ugotavljanje gostote dima

Ta evropski standard opredeljuje preskusno metodo za ugotavljanje gostote dima zaradi pirolitske razgradnje trdnih materialov in kompozitnih materialov debeline do 25 mm samo pod vplivom žarčenja toplote ali s hkratno uporabo ognja. Preskusni rezultati omogočajo primerjavo proizvodnje dima iz različnih materialov ali konfiguracij materialov pod pogoji, določenimi v tem standardu.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Oct-2011
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
21-Sep-2011
Due Date
26-Nov-2011
Completion Date
11-Oct-2011

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 2825:2011
English language
9 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 2825:2011
01-november-2011

$HURQDYWLND*RUOMLYRVWQHNRYLQVNLKPDWHULDORY]DUDGLåDUþHQMDWRSORWHLQSODPHQD

8JRWDYOMDQMHJRVWRWHGLPD

Aerospace series - Burning behaviour of non metallic materials under the influence of

radiating heat and flames - Determination of smoke density

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Brandverhalten nicht metallischer Werkstoffe unter Einwirkung von

strahlender Wärme und Flammen - Bestimmung der Rauchdichte

Série aérospatiale - Comportement au feu des matériaux non métalliques sous l'action

de chaleur rayonnante et de flammes - Détermination de la densité de fumée
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 2825:2011
ICS:
13.220.40 Sposobnost vžiga in Ignitability and burning
obnašanje materialov in behaviour of materials and
proizvodov pri gorenju products
49.025.01 Materiali za letalsko in Materials for aerospace
vesoljsko gradnjo na splošno construction in general
SIST EN 2825:2011 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 2825:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 2825:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 2825
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2011
ICS 13.220.40; 49.025.99
English Version
Aerospace series - Burning behaviour of non metallic materials
under the influence of radiating heat and flames - Determination
of smoke density

Série aérospatiale - Comportement au feu des matériaux Luft- und Raumfahrt - Brandverhalten nichtmetallischer

non métalliques sous l'action de chaleur rayonnante et de Werkstoffe unter Einwirkung von strahlender Wärme und

flammes - Détermination de la densité de fumée Flammen - Bestimmung der Rauchdichte

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 December 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 2825:2011: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 2825:2011
EN 2825:2011 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................4

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................4

3 Short description of the test method ...................................................................................................4

4 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................4

5 Designation ............................................................................................................................................5

6 Test equipment ......................................................................................................................................5

7 Specimens ..............................................................................................................................................5

7.1 Number of specimens ...........................................................................................................................5

7.2 Conditioning ...........................................................................................................................................5

7.3 Dimensions and shape of specimens .................................................................................................5

7.4 Specimen mounting...............................................................................................................................5

8 Procedure ...............................................................................................................................................5

9 Calculation of test results .....................................................................................................................7

10 Test report ..............................................................................................................................................7

Annex A (normative) Example for a test report on the determination of smoke density ............................8

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 2825:2011
EN 2825:2011 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 2825:2011) has been prepared by the Aerospace and Defence Industries Association of

Europe - Standardization (ASD-STAN).

After enquiries and votes carried out in accordance with the rules of this Association, this Standard has

received the approval of the National Associations and the Official Services of the member countries of ASD,

prior to its presentation to CEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by October 2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 2825:2011
EN 2825:2011 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard defines a test method for determination of the smoke density due to pyrolitic

decomposition of solid materials and composite materials of up to 25 mm in thickness under the influence of

radiant heat only or with simultaneous flame application.

The test results enable a comparison of the smoke production of different materials or material configurations

under the conditions specified in this standard.

NOTE 1 The smoke gas density is determined according to the specific environmental and test conditions defined in EN

2824 and this standard. No studies have been made up to now to determine whether the results can be transferred to

differing conditions, particularly to actual fire conditions.

NOTE 2 The burning behaviour - and consequently the smoke density - of aerospace materials are not only influenced

by the type of material but also to a large extent by the configuration, the specific surface and mass, the combination with

other materials, the means of joining as well as the processing technique.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 2824, Aerospace series — Burning behaviour of non metallic materials under the influence of radiating

heat and flames — Determination of smoke density and gas components in the smoke of materials — Test

equipment apparatus and media
EN ISO 13943:2008, Fire safety — Vocabulary
3 Short description of the test method

The specimens are vertically arranged in a closed test chamber according to EN 2824 and subjected to

decomposition by radiant heat only or with flame application. The smoke density is measured by means of the

reduction of light transmission as smoke accumulates and expressed in terms of specific optical density which

is derived from a geometric factor and the measured light obscuration.
4 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 13943 apply.

1) Published as ASD-STAN Prestandard at the date of publication of this standard by Aerospace and Defence Industries

Association of Europe-Standardization (ASD-STAN), (www.asd-stan.org).
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 2825:2011
EN 2825:2011 (E)
5 Designation
EXAMPLE
Description block Identity block
TEST EN2825A
Number of this standard
Code letter of test method (see below)

A = indicates that the method is used to test a material in the Flaming mode only.

B = indicates that the method is used to test a material in both the Flaming mode

and the Norm-Flaming mode.
6 Test equipment
Testing shall be carried out in a test chamber according to EN 2824.
7 Specimens
7.1 Number of specimens
According to EN 2824.
7.2 Conditioning
According to EN 2824.
7.3 Dimensions and shape of specimens
According to EN 2824.
7.4 Specimen mounting
According to EN 2824.
8 Procedure

8.1 When performing the test, precautions shall be taken to remove potentially hazardous gases from the

area of operation.

8.2 During the warm-up period, all electric systems (furnace, light source, photometer-readout) shall be

switched on, the exhaust vent and chamber door shall be closed and the inlet vent be open. When the

temperature on the centre surface of the back wall has reached a steady-state value of (35 ± 2) °C, the

chamber is ready for calibrating or testing. To increase the chamber wall surface temperature to the stated

level, an auxiliary heater may be used, but shall be removed prior to performing tests. Conversely, to

decrease this temperature, the exhaust blower may be used to introduce cooler air. The furnace shall be

calibrated at periodic intervals.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 2825:2011
EN 2825:2011 (E)

8.3 A specimen holder with inserted calcium silicate sheet shall always be located directly in front of the

furnace, except when it is replaced by the specimen holder during a test or the radiometer during calibration. It

shall be returned immediately to this position when testing or calibration is completed to prevent excessive

heating of the opposite wall surface.

8.4 During the daily calibration, the radiometer shall be placed on the horizontal rods of the furnace support

framework and accurately positioned in front of the furnace opening by displacing the "blank" specimen holder

against the prepositioned stop. With the chamber door closed and the inlet vent opened, the compressed air

supply to the radiometer cooler shall be adjusted to maintain the radiometer body temperature at (93 ± 3) °C.

After the system has reached steady-state the furnace transformer shall be adjusted to obtain - as per

radiometer calibrating curve - an output signal corresponding to an irradiance of (25,0 ± 0,5) kW/m averaged

over the radiometer receiver area. After the prescribed irradiance level has reached steady-state, the

radiometer shall be removed from the chamber and replaced by the "blank" specimen holder. A suitable

voltmeter or recorder shall indicate the radiometer signal.

The calibration of the radiometer has to be checked regulary because the characteristics may change by use.

The whole system has to be verified finally by testing standardized samples or by co

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.