Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion flue gas parameters of heating appliances - Part 1: General requirements and test methods

D137/076: NWI approved by BT with target date for vote: 2012-03-31 * Will supersede EN 50379-1:2004

Anforderungen an tragbare elektrische Geräte zur Messung von Verbrennungsparametern von Heizungsanlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Spécification pour les appareils électriques portatifs conçus pour mesurer les paramètres des gaz de combustion dans les conduits d'évacuation des appareils de chauffage - Partie 1: Prescriptions générales et méthodes d'essai

Specifikacija za prenosne električne naprave za merjenje parametrov dimnih plinov grelnih naprav - 1. del: Splošne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard zajema naprave za merjenje koncentracij plina in drugih parametrov vnetljivosti, ki se uporabljajo pri namestitvi in vzdrževanju grelnih naprav. Tako napravo lahko monterji, inženirji za vzdrževanje ali inšpektorji uporabljajo za preskušanje učinkovitosti naprav za različne vrste goriv. Napravo lahko sestavljajo različni funkcionalni moduli, ki se združujejo na različne načine v skladu z različnimi uporabami, pri čemer je mogoče ločeno preskusiti njihovo skladnost s tem standardom. Ta del standarda EN 50379 določa splošne zahteve in je dopolnjen z zahtevami v standardu EN 50379-2 in/ali EN 50379-3. Ta evropski standard določa splošne zahteve za sestavljanje, preskušanje in delovanje prenosnih odčitovalnih naprav za oceno posebnih parametrov vnetljivosti izpušnega plina, kot so koncentracija plinastih spojin, temperatura in/ali tlak, za preverjanje vnetljivosti grelnih naprav za gospodinjske in komercialne uporabe, z uporabo komercialno dostopnih goriv.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Mar-2011
Publication Date
19-Apr-2012
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Apr-2012
Due Date
16-Jun-2012
Completion Date
20-Apr-2012

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 50379-1:2012
01-junij-2012
Specifikacija za prenosne električne naprave za merjenje parametrov dimnih
plinov grelnih naprav - 1. del: Splošne zahteve in preskusne metode

Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion flue gas

parameters of heating appliances - Part 1: General requirements and test methods
Anforderungen an tragbare elektrische Geräte zur Messung von

Verbrennungsparametern von Heizungsanlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen und

Prüfverfahren

Spécification pour les appareils électriques portatifs conçus pour mesurer les paramètres

des gaz de combustion dans les conduits d'évacuation des appareils de chauffage -

Partie 1: Prescriptions générales et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 50379-1:2012
ICS:
13.040.40 Emisije nepremičnih virov Stationary source emissions
91.140.10 Sistemi centralnega Central heating systems
ogrevanja
SIST EN 50379-1:2012 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 50379-1:2012
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SIST EN 50379-1:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 50379-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2012
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.320 Supersedes EN 50379-1:2004
English version
Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure
combustion flue gas parameters of heating appliances -
Part 1: General requirements and test methods
Spécification pour les appareils Anforderungen an tragbare elektrische
électriques portatifs conçus pour mesurer Geräte zur Messung von
les paramètres des gaz de combustion Verbrennungsparametern von
dans les conduits d'évacuation des Heizungsanlagen -
appareils de chauffage - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen und
Partie 1: Prescriptions générales et Prüfverfahren
méthodes d'essai

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2012-03-19. CENELEC members are bound to

comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and

notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2012 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 50379-1:2012 E
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SIST EN 50379-1:2012
EN 50379-1:2012 - 2 -
Contents

Foreword ................................................................................................................................ 4

Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................... 7

4 General requirements ....................................................................................................... 9

4.1 G ener al ................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Construction ............................................................................................................ 9

4.3 Labelling and instructions ...................................................................................... 12

5 Test methods ................................................................................................................. 13

5.1 General requirements for tests .............................................................................. 13

5.2 Normal conditions for tests .................................................................................... 14

5.3 Mechanical tests ................................................................................................... 16

5.4 Electrical and software tests .................................................................................. 18

5.5 Tests with test gases ............................................................................................. 18

5.6 Tests with real flue gases ...................................................................................... 20

5.7 Calculated values .................................................................................................. 22

5.8 Temperature ......................................................................................................... 23

5.9 Pressure ............................................................................................................... 24

Annex A (informative) Standard combustion analysis procedures ......................................... 25

A.1 Combustion analysis in Germany ........................................................................... 25

A.2 Combustion analysis in the United Kingdom........................................................... 26

A.3 Combustion analysis in Italy .................................................................................. 27

A.4 Combustion analysis in Switzerland ....................................................................... 29

A.5 Combustion analysis — generic ............................................................................. 31

Annex B (normative) Real flue gas measurements – Methodology and test methods ............. 32

Annex C (normative) Standard methods for determining measuring uncertainty .................... 35

C.1 Determination of the analytic function .................................................................... 35

C.2 Determination of reproducibility ............................................................................. 35

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 36

Figure

Figure B.1 – CO, NO and SO variation with air ratio ............................................................. 34

Tables

Table 1 – Requirements for accuracy .................................................................................... 11

Table 2 – Test gas mixtures for O and/or CO sensors ......................................................... 14

2 2

Table 3 – Test gas mixtures for low range CO sensors .......................................................... 14

Table 4 – Test gas mixtures for medium range CO sensors ................................................... 15

Table 5 – Test gas mixture for high range CO sensors .......................................................... 15

Table 6 – Test gas mixtures for NO sensors ......................................................................... 15

Table 7 – Test gas mixtures for SO sensors ........................................................................ 15

Table A.1 – Legal requirements for maximum waste gas loss ................................................ 25

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Table A.2 – Parameters for calculation in Germany ............................................................... 26

Table A.3 – Current standards for combustion efficiencies of domestic gas appliances in the

United Kingdom, based on dry air-free measurements ........................................................... 27

Table A.4 – Legal requirements for combustion efficiency η in Italy ....................................... 28

Table A.5 – Parameters for heat loss calculation in Italy (reference UNI 10389) ..................... 28

Table B.1 – Minimum numbers of measurements .................................................................. 32

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SIST EN 50379-1:2012
EN 50379-1:2012 - 4 -
Foreword
This document (EN 50379-1:2012) has been prepared by CLC/TC 216 "Gas detectors".
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2013-03-19
• latest date by which this document h
as to be implemented at national
level by publication of an identical
national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2015-03-19
• latest date by which the national
standards conflicting with this
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 50379-1:2004.

EN 50379-1:2012 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 50379-1:2004:

— 4.2.12 and 5.7.4 consider 15 min. average concentration for solid fuels;
— 4.3.3 for instructions was amended;
— 5.3.6 for flow indicators was amended;
— 5.5.7 considers calibration curves for sensors with nonlinear signal;
— 5.5.8 considers influence of pressure variations;
— 5.5.9 considers the influence of water vapour on the gas signal;
— 5.7.2 for calculated values was amended;
— 5.9.1 was amended to cover measurement at the circular orifice.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

____________
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SIST EN 50379-1:2012
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Introduction

This European Standard covers apparatus for measuring gas concentrations and other combustion

parameters, as used in the installation and maintenance of heating appliances. It forms a

specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion flue gas parameters

of heating appliances, and includes the following parts under the generic title Specification for

portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion flue gas parameters of heating

appliances:
Part 1: General requirements and test methods;

Part 2: Performance requirements for apparatus used in statutory inspections and assessments;

Part 3: Performance requirements for apparatus used in non-statutory servicing of gas fired heating

appliances.

EN 50379-1 specifies general requirements for the construction, testing and performance of portable

spot reading apparatus designed to give an assessment of specific combustion flue gas parameters,

such as concentrations of gaseous compounds, temperature and/or pressure, to check the

combustion performance of heating appliances for domestic residential and commercial applications,

using commercially available fuels.

EN 50379-2 is for apparatus intended to be used for statutory measurement. In several European

countries, legal requirements exist for the performance of heating appliances (see Annex A).

Authorised inspectors use these apparatus to measure the flue gas parameters, in order to test

compliance with national regulations. Due to the legal consequences resulting from the

measurement, there are strict requirements regarding the measuring uncertainty of these apparatus,

and EN 50379-2 therefore includes maximum values for measuring uncertainty. Tests with real flue

gases form a key part of the verification of the performance of the apparatus for statutory

measurement. The measuring uncertainty has to be justified by internationally accepted methods

over the whole measuring range. The determination of measuring uncertainty is described in

Annex C.

EN 50379-3 is for apparatus intended to be used for non-statutory applications. There are reduced

performance requirements, because the apparatus are designed to decide whether maintenance for

a gas fired appliance is required, and for adjusting the appliance during maintenance. There will be

no determination of the measuring uncertainty for the apparatus.
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EN 50379-1:2012 - 6 -
1 Scope

This European Standard covers apparatus for measuring gas concentrations and other combustion

parameters, as used in the installation and maintenance of heating appliances. Such apparatus may

be used for testing the performance of appliances for different types of fuels, either by the installer,

maintenance engineer or inspector.

The apparatus may consist of different functional modules, which may be tested separately for

complying with this standard and will be combined in different ways according to the different

applications. This part of EN 50379 specifies the general requirements and is supplemented by the

requirements in EN 50379-2 and/or EN 50379-3.

This European Standard specifies general requirements for the construction, testing and

performance of portable spot reading apparatus designed to give an assessment of specific

combustion flue gas parameters, such as concentration of gaseous compounds, temperature and/or

pressure, to check the combustion performance of heating appliances for domestic residential and

commercial applications, using commercially available fuels.
This European Standard excludes apparatus for
– continuous emission, safety monitoring and control, and
– use in vessels with an international load line.

NOTE 1 When this apparatus is used in industrial premises national regulations may apply.

NOTE 2 Apparatus may contain functional modules which are not covered by this standard e.g. measurement

of smoke spot number (see EN 267:2009+A1:2011, Annex A) and/or measurement of indoor ambient air (see

EN 50543).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 267:2009+A1:2011, Automatic forced draught burners for liquid fuels

EN 297, Gas-fired central heating boilers – Type B11 and B11BS boilers, fitted with atmospheric

burners of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW
EN 676, Automatic forced draught burners for gaseous fuels

EN 50270:2006, Electromagnetic compatibility – Electrical apparatus for the detection and

measurement of combustible gases, toxic gases or oxygen

EN 50271:2010, Electrical apparatus for the detection and measurement of combustible gases, toxic

gases or oxygen – Requirements and tests for apparatus using software and/or digital technologies

EN 50379-2:2012, Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion

flue gas parameters of heating appliances – Part 2: Performance requirements for apparatus used in

statutory inspections and assessment
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EN 50379-3:2012, Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion

flue gas parameters of heating appliances – Part 3: Performance requirements for apparatus used in

non-statutory servicing of gas fired heating appliances

EN 50543, Electronic portable and transportable apparatus designed to detect and measure carbon

dioxide and/or carbon monoxide in indoor ambient air – Requirements and test methods

EN 60068-2-6, Environmental testing – Part 2-6: Tests – Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)

(IEC 60068-2-6)

EN 60335-1:2002, Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Part 1: General

requirements (IEC 60335-1:2001, mod.)

EN 60359:2002, Electrical and electronic measurement equipment – Expression of performance

(IEC 60359:2001)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

CR 1404:1994, Determination of emissions from appliances burning gaseous fuels during type-

testing

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008, Uncertainty of measurement – Guide to the expression of uncertainty in

measurement (GUM:1995)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 60359:2002, 2.1 and the

following apply.
3.1
domestic residential and commercial premises

any place of residence of a household, family or person (whether temporary or permanent) and

commercial premises whether residential or not and including recreational boats, caravans and

mobile homes
3.2
ambient air
normal atmosphere surrounding the apparatus
3.3
clean air

ambient air which is essentially free of flue gas and of interfering or contaminating substances

3.4
synthetic air
technically produced air consisting of oxygen and nitrogen
3.5
sensor

assembly in which the sensing element is housed and which may contain associated circuit

components
3.6
sensing element

device, the output of which will change with variation of the parameter of interest

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SIST EN 50379-1:2012
EN 50379-1:2012 - 8 -
3.7
spot reading

apparatus intended to be used for short periods of time in the range of minutes, as required

3.8
volume ratio (V/V)

ratio of the volume of a component to the volume of the gas mixture under specified conditions of

temperature, pressure and relative humidity
3.9
mains powered apparatus

apparatus designed to be powered by the domestic mains electrical supply with or without an

additional power source
3.10
battery powered apparatus

apparatus designed to be energised from batteries alone, whether disposable or rechargeable

3.11
probe

part of the apparatus that is placed in the stack or flue of the heating appliance, for the purpose of

sampling the gas and/or for measuring temperature or pressure
3.12
initial start up delay

time taken for the apparatus to reach the operating mode from switch-on, or after replacing batteries,

or following power failure in the case of mains powered equipment
3.13
calibration
process of determining the deviation of an apparatus relative to a reference
3.14
reference

in laboratory tests, a reference gas will be a certified calibration gas cylinder. For real gas

measurement, the reference is a measuring device with high accuracy (e.g. as specified in EN 267).

For temperature and pressure measurement, the reference is a measuring device with certification

proving traceability to a national or international metrology institute
3.15
adjustment

process of tuning the apparatus, in order to return the deviation found in calibration to within the

admissible error
3.16
functional module

all components required for one measurement task, including both hardware and software

Note 1 to entry: A functional module may consist of one or more separate pieces of equipment or may be

completely integrated with the apparatus.
3.17
response time (t )

time interval with the apparatus in a warmed-up condition, between the time when an instantaneous

variation of the parameter to be measured is produced at the apparatus inlet, and the time when the

response reaches and remains beyond 90 % of the final indication
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4 General requirements
4.1 General

The apparatus shall reliably measure specific combustion flue gas parameters and shall clearly

display the result. If the apparatus is equipped with a sampling system (probe) the gas sample shall

be drawn into the unit for analysis via the sampling system for all tests. All parts of the apparatus

shall conform to the construction requirements of 4.2 and the performance requirements in

EN 50379-2 and/or EN 50379-3.
4.2 Construction
4.2.1 General

All parts of the apparatus, including the sensor(s), shall be constructed of materials that will not be

adversely affected by vapours and gases or chemical substances to be expected during normal

operation of the apparatus, see 4.3.3 h). Similar consideration shall also be given to the sampling

system and components that can be in contact with the gas, as appropriate. The probe shall be

constructed of materials that will not be adversely affected by environmental conditions found in

heating appliances within the scope of this standard.
4.2.2 Sampling system

The sampling system of the apparatus shall be so constructed as to prevent damage to the sensor(s)

and pump by particulate matter and liquids that may be expected during normal operation of the

apparatus. Means shall be provided to recognise and/or indicate the working mode of the pump by,

for example
– pump noise,
– visual indication, or
– flow measurement.

Condensation or absorption effects have to be considered, and shall have no significant influence on

the indicated values, particularly when determining SO and NO. The probe shall be constructed in

such a manner that droplets of condensation will not influence the result of temperature

measurements even when the probe is held vertically. In addition the temperature sensing element

shall not touch the probe outer sheath. If simultaneous recording of temperature and gaseous

compounds is required, the probe shall be constructed such that the distance between the sensing

element for temperature and the gas inlet, is less than 8 mm. If probes of different lengths are

provided the shortest and the longest shall be tested with the instrument.

NOTE For apparatus intended to measure heating combustion efficiency (see Annex A) reference should be

made to national regulations where appropriate. Typically the following dimensions have been shown to be

suitable:
- sampling probe immersion depth of at least 150 mm;

- probe external diameter between 6 mm and 13 mm (required for the measurement of heat loss only); and

- adjustable depth stop to be provided, to fix probe position and cover measuring aperture up to 21 mm

diameter, to prevent air ingress.

The method of testing tightness of the complete gas sampling system, as specified by the

manufacturer, shall be checked and verified for use in practice.
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EN 50379-1:2012 - 10 -
4.2.3 Adjustments

Access to sensitivity controls shall only be possible by the use of special tool or a software passcode

or by destroying a special seal. Any regular checks shall be performed automatically or by access as

described above.
4.2.4 Power supply

Apparatus which derives its power from internal batteries may give a visual warning before the

battery capacity falls to a point where either the apparatus sensitivity or the stated display accuracy

falls outside the requirements. When this point is actually reached, a clear indication shall be given to

alert the user and the display shall switch out of normal operational mode.
4.2.5 Display
Indicators shall be provided to show the following:
– measured parameter(s), value(s) and physical unit;
– low battery warning;
– mode of operation or instrument status (e.g. warm-up, measurement);
– when values lie outside the indicating range; and
– software version.

All values shall be indicated on a display with characters not less than 8 mm high unless adequate

provision is made for enhancing the legibility (e.g. backlighting) in which case the minimum character

height shall be 4 mm.

For each separate parameter measured the apparatus shall display the value, the physical unit and

parameter description. For a combination of parameters the display may switch automatically from

one indication to another. If the display switches between information of simultaneous parameters it

shall be clear and understandable. Displayed measured values shall be refreshed at intervals no

greater than 3 s. If the apparatus is equipped with seven-segment displays it shall have a device or

self testing function for checking the displays.
4.2.6 Measuring range and resolution

Table 1 lists the different parameters covered by this standard. For each parameter given it specifies

– minimum indication range;
– minimum display resolution;
– accuracy of the apparatus;
– the detection limit; and
– maximum response time.
4.2.7 Indication range

The indication ranges are the minimum ranges for the apparatus. Higher ranges are allowed, but will

not change the values for accuracy or detection limit.
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SIST EN 50379-1:2012
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4.2.8 Accuracy of the apparatus

The values in Table 1 e.g. “± 20 ppm or 5 % rel.” have the meaning: “The permitted deviation is up to

± 20 ppm or ± 5 % of the reading, whichever is the greater”.
4.2.9 Detection limit
Values indicated below the detection limit are not significant.
4.2.10 Efficiency

Efficiency is not included in the table as determination varies considerably from country to country

(see Annex A for further details).
Table 1 – Requirements for accuracy
Indication Display Detection Response time
Parameter Accuracy
range resolution limit (t )
CO (low) 0 ppm - 1 ppm 10 ppm 90 s
± 10 ppm
200 ppm
or 10 %
rel.
CO (medium) 0 ppm - 1 ppm ± 20 ppm or 20 ppm 90 s
2 000 ppm
5 % rel.
CO (high) 0 ppm - 10 ppm ± 100 ppm 100 ppm 90 s
20 000 ppm
or 10 % rel.
NO 0 ppm - 1 ppm 5 ppm 90 s
± 5 ppm
600 ppm
or 5 %
rel.
SO 0 ppm - 1 ppm 10 ppm 180 s
2 ± 10 ppm or
500 ppm
5 % rel.
O 0 %- 21 % V/V 0,1 % ± 0,3 % V/V 0,3 % V/V 30 s
CO 0 % - 20 % V/V 0,1 % 0,3 % V/V 50 s
2 ± 0,3 % V/V
Temperature 1 °C for EN 50379-2: 30 s
0 °C - 400 °C 1 °C ± 2 °C or
(flue gas) for EN 50379-3: 50 s
1,5 % rel.
Temperature 1 °C 70 s
0 °C - 100 °C 1 °C ± 1 °C
(inlet air)
Pressure -50 Pa to 1 Pa ± 2 Pa 1 Pa 10 s
(draught and +200 Pa
or 5 %
circular orifice rel.
differential
pressure)
Pressure 0 Pa - 10 Pa 100 Pa 10 s
± 50 Pa
(differential) 10 000 Pa
1 % rel.
a a
Heat loss 0 % - 100 % 0,1 % N/A N/A N/A
b b
CO/CO ratio 0 – 0,01 0,000 1 N/A N/A N/A

Calculated from the fuel characteristics and measured parameters - either O or CO , temperature of flue gas and

2 2
temperature of inlet air, in accordance with national regulations.

Calculated from the fuel characteristics and the measured parameters of CO and either O or CO , in accordance

2 2
with national regulations.
4.2.11 Printer or data storage

If the apparatus is provided with a printer or any means for data storage e.g. a data logger it shall

print the date, time and values of all parameters, as specified in 4.2.6, taken at the time of the

printout.
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SIST EN 50379-1:2012
EN 50379-1:2012 - 12 -

4.2.12 Average concentration (apparatus intended for appliances burning solid fuels)

The apparatus intended to be used for appliances burning solid fuels shall be able to carry out a

measurement for oxygen and CO over a defined period. For the purpose of type testing the period is

specified with 15 min. After finishing the measurement the concentration shall be indicated as

average value.
The sample rate for averaging shall be minimum one per second.
NOTE The period for averaging may be different in national regulations.
The time period for averaging shall be in conformance with national regulations.
4.3 Labelling and instructions
4.3.1 General

The text used for labels and instructions shall be in accordance with appropriate national regulations.

4.3.2 Labelling

Durable label(s) shall be carried on the apparatus, or moulded into the casing, giving at least the

following information:

a) the manufacturer’s or supplier’s name, trademark or other means of identification;

b) the type of apparatus, e.g. “combustion gas analyser”, and model name or number;

c) either the number of this European Standard or the third party certification;
d) the manufacturer’s serial number and/or production batch date code;
e) the replacement battery and mains power requirements, as relevant;

f) whether or not the instrument is suitable for outdoor use (see 5.3.2, 5.5.3 and 5.6.3).

Item (e) shall be clearly visible if the batteries are being changed.
External label(s) shall comply with EN 60335-1:2002, 7.6 and 7.14.
4.3.3 Instructions

The apparatus shall be provided with an instruction manual giving complete, clear and accurate

instructions for the safe and proper operation and regular checking of the apparatus. It shall also

include the following:

a) a statement of compliance with Part 2 and/or Part 3 of this European Standard, specified for the

whole apparatus or for the defined functional module(s);
b) the specific type(s) of fuel for which the apparatus is intended to be used;

c) the correct battery type(s) and method of replacing or recharging batteries, for battery powered

units, details of mains voltage, frequency and fuse rating, if relevant, and a warning of the

possible haza
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 50379-1:2012
01-junij-2012
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Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion flue gas

parameters of heating appliances - Part 1: General requirements and test methods
Anforderungen an tragbare elektrische Geräte zur Messung von

Verbrennungsparametern von Heizungsanlagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen und

Prüfverfahren

Spécification pour les appareils électriques portatifs conçus pour mesurer les paramètres

des gaz de combustion dans les conduits d'évacuation des appareils de chauffage -

Partie 1: Prescriptions générales et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 50379-1:2012
ICS:
13.040.40 (PLVLMHQHSUHPLþQLKYLURY Stationary source emissions
91.140.10 Sistemi centralnega Central heating systems
ogrevanja
SIST EN 50379-1:2012 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 50379-1:2012
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 50379-1:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 50379-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2012
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.320 Supersedes EN 50379-1:2004
English version
Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure
combustion flue gas parameters of heating appliances -
Part 1: General requirements and test methods
Spécification pour les appareils Anforderungen an tragbare elektrische
électriques portatifs conçus pour mesurer Geräte zur Messung von
les paramètres des gaz de combustion Verbrennungsparametern von
dans les conduits d'évacuation des Heizungsanlagen -
appareils de chauffage - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen und
Partie 1: Prescriptions générales et Prüfverfahren
méthodes d'essai

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2012-03-19. CENELEC members are bound to

comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and

notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2012 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 50379-1:2012 E
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Contents

Foreword ................................................................................................................................ 4

Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................... 7

4 General requirements ....................................................................................................... 9

4.1 G ener al ................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Construction ............................................................................................................ 9

4.3 Labelling and instructions ...................................................................................... 12

5 Test methods ................................................................................................................. 13

5.1 General requirements for tests .............................................................................. 13

5.2 Normal conditions for tests .................................................................................... 14

5.3 Mechanical tests ................................................................................................... 16

5.4 Electrical and software tests .................................................................................. 18

5.5 Tests with test gases ............................................................................................. 18

5.6 Tests with real flue gases ...................................................................................... 20

5.7 Calculated values .................................................................................................. 22

5.8 Temperature ......................................................................................................... 23

5.9 Pressure ............................................................................................................... 24

Annex A (informative) Standard combustion analysis procedures ......................................... 25

A.1 Combustion analysis in Germany ........................................................................... 25

A.2 Combustion analysis in the United Kingdom........................................................... 26

A.3 Combustion analysis in Italy .................................................................................. 27

A.4 Combustion analysis in Switzerland ....................................................................... 29

A.5 Combustion analysis — generic ............................................................................. 31

Annex B (normative) Real flue gas measurements – Methodology and test methods ............. 32

Annex C (normative) Standard methods for determining measuring uncertainty .................... 35

C.1 Determination of the analytic function .................................................................... 35

C.2 Determination of reproducibility ............................................................................. 35

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 36

Figure

Figure B.1 – CO, NO and SO variation with air ratio ............................................................. 34

Tables

Table 1 – Requirements for accuracy .................................................................................... 11

Table 2 – Test gas mixtures for O and/or CO sensors ......................................................... 14

2 2

Table 3 – Test gas mixtures for low range CO sensors .......................................................... 14

Table 4 – Test gas mixtures for medium range CO sensors ................................................... 15

Table 5 – Test gas mixture for high range CO sensors .......................................................... 15

Table 6 – Test gas mixtures for NO sensors ......................................................................... 15

Table 7 – Test gas mixtures for SO sensors ........................................................................ 15

Table A.1 – Legal requirements for maximum waste gas loss ................................................ 25

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Table A.2 – Parameters for calculation in Germany ............................................................... 26

Table A.3 – Current standards for combustion efficiencies of domestic gas appliances in the

United Kingdom, based on dry air-free measurements ........................................................... 27

Table A.4 – Legal requirements for combustion efficiency η in Italy ....................................... 28

Table A.5 – Parameters for heat loss calculation in Italy (reference UNI 10389) ..................... 28

Table B.1 – Minimum numbers of measurements .................................................................. 32

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Foreword
This document (EN 50379-1:2012) has been prepared by CLC/TC 216 "Gas detectors".
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2013-03-19
• latest date by which this document h
as to be implemented at national
level by publication of an identical
national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2015-03-19
• latest date by which the national
standards conflicting with this
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 50379-1:2004.

EN 50379-1:2012 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 50379-1:2004:

— 4.2.12 and 5.7.4 consider 15 min. average concentration for solid fuels;
— 4.3.3 for instructions was amended;
— 5.3.6 for flow indicators was amended;
— 5.5.7 considers calibration curves for sensors with nonlinear signal;
— 5.5.8 considers influence of pressure variations;
— 5.5.9 considers the influence of water vapour on the gas signal;
— 5.7.2 for calculated values was amended;
— 5.9.1 was amended to cover measurement at the circular orifice.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

____________
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Introduction

This European Standard covers apparatus for measuring gas concentrations and other combustion

parameters, as used in the installation and maintenance of heating appliances. It forms a

specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion flue gas parameters

of heating appliances, and includes the following parts under the generic title Specification for

portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion flue gas parameters of heating

appliances:
Part 1: General requirements and test methods;

Part 2: Performance requirements for apparatus used in statutory inspections and assessments;

Part 3: Performance requirements for apparatus used in non-statutory servicing of gas fired heating

appliances.

EN 50379-1 specifies general requirements for the construction, testing and performance of portable

spot reading apparatus designed to give an assessment of specific combustion flue gas parameters,

such as concentrations of gaseous compounds, temperature and/or pressure, to check the

combustion performance of heating appliances for domestic residential and commercial applications,

using commercially available fuels.

EN 50379-2 is for apparatus intended to be used for statutory measurement. In several European

countries, legal requirements exist for the performance of heating appliances (see Annex A).

Authorised inspectors use these apparatus to measure the flue gas parameters, in order to test

compliance with national regulations. Due to the legal consequences resulting from the

measurement, there are strict requirements regarding the measuring uncertainty of these apparatus,

and EN 50379-2 therefore includes maximum values for measuring uncertainty. Tests with real flue

gases form a key part of the verification of the performance of the apparatus for statutory

measurement. The measuring uncertainty has to be justified by internationally accepted methods

over the whole measuring range. The determination of measuring uncertainty is described in

Annex C.

EN 50379-3 is for apparatus intended to be used for non-statutory applications. There are reduced

performance requirements, because the apparatus are designed to decide whether maintenance for

a gas fired appliance is required, and for adjusting the appliance during maintenance. There will be

no determination of the measuring uncertainty for the apparatus.
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1 Scope

This European Standard covers apparatus for measuring gas concentrations and other combustion

parameters, as used in the installation and maintenance of heating appliances. Such apparatus may

be used for testing the performance of appliances for different types of fuels, either by the installer,

maintenance engineer or inspector.

The apparatus may consist of different functional modules, which may be tested separately for

complying with this standard and will be combined in different ways according to the different

applications. This part of EN 50379 specifies the general requirements and is supplemented by the

requirements in EN 50379-2 and/or EN 50379-3.

This European Standard specifies general requirements for the construction, testing and

performance of portable spot reading apparatus designed to give an assessment of specific

combustion flue gas parameters, such as concentration of gaseous compounds, temperature and/or

pressure, to check the combustion performance of heating appliances for domestic residential and

commercial applications, using commercially available fuels.
This European Standard excludes apparatus for
– continuous emission, safety monitoring and control, and
– use in vessels with an international load line.

NOTE 1 When this apparatus is used in industrial premises national regulations may apply.

NOTE 2 Apparatus may contain functional modules which are not covered by this standard e.g. measurement

of smoke spot number (see EN 267:2009+A1:2011, Annex A) and/or measurement of indoor ambient air (see

EN 50543).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 267:2009+A1:2011, Automatic forced draught burners for liquid fuels

EN 297, Gas-fired central heating boilers – Type B11 and B11BS boilers, fitted with atmospheric

burners of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW
EN 676, Automatic forced draught burners for gaseous fuels

EN 50270:2006, Electromagnetic compatibility – Electrical apparatus for the detection and

measurement of combustible gases, toxic gases or oxygen

EN 50271:2010, Electrical apparatus for the detection and measurement of combustible gases, toxic

gases or oxygen – Requirements and tests for apparatus using software and/or digital technologies

EN 50379-2:2012, Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion

flue gas parameters of heating appliances – Part 2: Performance requirements for apparatus used in

statutory inspections and assessment
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EN 50379-3:2012, Specification for portable electrical apparatus designed to measure combustion

flue gas parameters of heating appliances – Part 3: Performance requirements for apparatus used in

non-statutory servicing of gas fired heating appliances

EN 50543, Electronic portable and transportable apparatus designed to detect and measure carbon

dioxide and/or carbon monoxide in indoor ambient air – Requirements and test methods

EN 60068-2-6, Environmental testing – Part 2-6: Tests – Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)

(IEC 60068-2-6)

EN 60335-1:2002, Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Part 1: General

requirements (IEC 60335-1:2001, mod.)

EN 60359:2002, Electrical and electronic measurement equipment – Expression of performance

(IEC 60359:2001)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

CR 1404:1994, Determination of emissions from appliances burning gaseous fuels during type-

testing

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008, Uncertainty of measurement – Guide to the expression of uncertainty in

measurement (GUM:1995)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 60359:2002, 2.1 and the

following apply.
3.1
domestic residential and commercial premises

any place of residence of a household, family or person (whether temporary or permanent) and

commercial premises whether residential or not and including recreational boats, caravans and

mobile homes
3.2
ambient air
normal atmosphere surrounding the apparatus
3.3
clean air

ambient air which is essentially free of flue gas and of interfering or contaminating substances

3.4
synthetic air
technically produced air consisting of oxygen and nitrogen
3.5
sensor

assembly in which the sensing element is housed and which may contain associated circuit

components
3.6
sensing element

device, the output of which will change with variation of the parameter of interest

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3.7
spot reading

apparatus intended to be used for short periods of time in the range of minutes, as required

3.8
volume ratio (V/V)

ratio of the volume of a component to the volume of the gas mixture under specified conditions of

temperature, pressure and relative humidity
3.9
mains powered apparatus

apparatus designed to be powered by the domestic mains electrical supply with or without an

additional power source
3.10
battery powered apparatus

apparatus designed to be energised from batteries alone, whether disposable or rechargeable

3.11
probe

part of the apparatus that is placed in the stack or flue of the heating appliance, for the purpose of

sampling the gas and/or for measuring temperature or pressure
3.12
initial start up delay

time taken for the apparatus to reach the operating mode from switch-on, or after replacing batteries,

or following power failure in the case of mains powered equipment
3.13
calibration
process of determining the deviation of an apparatus relative to a reference
3.14
reference

in laboratory tests, a reference gas will be a certified calibration gas cylinder. For real gas

measurement, the reference is a measuring device with high accuracy (e.g. as specified in EN 267).

For temperature and pressure measurement, the reference is a measuring device with certification

proving traceability to a national or international metrology institute
3.15
adjustment

process of tuning the apparatus, in order to return the deviation found in calibration to within the

admissible error
3.16
functional module

all components required for one measurement task, including both hardware and software

Note 1 to entry: A functional module may consist of one or more separate pieces of equipment or may be

completely integrated with the apparatus.
3.17
response time (t )

time interval with the apparatus in a warmed-up condition, between the time when an instantaneous

variation of the parameter to be measured is produced at the apparatus inlet, and the time when the

response reaches and remains beyond 90 % of the final indication
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4 General requirements
4.1 General

The apparatus shall reliably measure specific combustion flue gas parameters and shall clearly

display the result. If the apparatus is equipped with a sampling system (probe) the gas sample shall

be drawn into the unit for analysis via the sampling system for all tests. All parts of the apparatus

shall conform to the construction requirements of 4.2 and the performance requirements in

EN 50379-2 and/or EN 50379-3.
4.2 Construction
4.2.1 General

All parts of the apparatus, including the sensor(s), shall be constructed of materials that will not be

adversely affected by vapours and gases or chemical substances to be expected during normal

operation of the apparatus, see 4.3.3 h). Similar consideration shall also be given to the sampling

system and components that can be in contact with the gas, as appropriate. The probe shall be

constructed of materials that will not be adversely affected by environmental conditions found in

heating appliances within the scope of this standard.
4.2.2 Sampling system

The sampling system of the apparatus shall be so constructed as to prevent damage to the sensor(s)

and pump by particulate matter and liquids that may be expected during normal operation of the

apparatus. Means shall be provided to recognise and/or indicate the working mode of the pump by,

for example
– pump noise,
– visual indication, or
– flow measurement.

Condensation or absorption effects have to be considered, and shall have no significant influence on

the indicated values, particularly when determining SO and NO. The probe shall be constructed in

such a manner that droplets of condensation will not influence the result of temperature

measurements even when the probe is held vertically. In addition the temperature sensing element

shall not touch the probe outer sheath. If simultaneous recording of temperature and gaseous

compounds is required, the probe shall be constructed such that the distance between the sensing

element for temperature and the gas inlet, is less than 8 mm. If probes of different lengths are

provided the shortest and the longest shall be tested with the instrument.

NOTE For apparatus intended to measure heating combustion efficiency (see Annex A) reference should be

made to national regulations where appropriate. Typically the following dimensions have been shown to be

suitable:
- sampling probe immersion depth of at least 150 mm;

- probe external diameter between 6 mm and 13 mm (required for the measurement of heat loss only); and

- adjustable depth stop to be provided, to fix probe position and cover measuring aperture up to 21 mm

diameter, to prevent air ingress.

The method of testing tightness of the complete gas sampling system, as specified by the

manufacturer, shall be checked and verified for use in practice.
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4.2.3 Adjustments

Access to sensitivity controls shall only be possible by the use of special tool or a software passcode

or by destroying a special seal. Any regular checks shall be performed automatically or by access as

described above.
4.2.4 Power supply

Apparatus which derives its power from internal batteries may give a visual warning before the

battery capacity falls to a point where either the apparatus sensitivity or the stated display accuracy

falls outside the requirements. When this point is actually reached, a clear indication shall be given to

alert the user and the display shall switch out of normal operational mode.
4.2.5 Display
Indicators shall be provided to show the following:
– measured parameter(s), value(s) and physical unit;
– low battery warning;
– mode of operation or instrument status (e.g. warm-up, measurement);
– when values lie outside the indicating range; and
– software version.

All values shall be indicated on a display with characters not less than 8 mm high unless adequate

provision is made for enhancing the legibility (e.g. backlighting) in which case the minimum character

height shall be 4 mm.

For each separate parameter measured the apparatus shall display the value, the physical unit and

parameter description. For a combination of parameters the display may switch automatically from

one indication to another. If the display switches between information of simultaneous parameters it

shall be clear and understandable. Displayed measured values shall be refreshed at intervals no

greater than 3 s. If the apparatus is equipped with seven-segment displays it shall have a device or

self testing function for checking the displays.
4.2.6 Measuring range and resolution

Table 1 lists the different parameters covered by this standard. For each parameter given it specifies

– minimum indication range;
– minimum display resolution;
– accuracy of the apparatus;
– the detection limit; and
– maximum response time.
4.2.7 Indication range

The indication ranges are the minimum ranges for the apparatus. Higher ranges are allowed, but will

not change the values for accuracy or detection limit.
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4.2.8 Accuracy of the apparatus

The values in Table 1 e.g. “± 20 ppm or 5 % rel.” have the meaning: “The permitted deviation is up to

± 20 ppm or ± 5 % of the reading, whichever is the greater”.
4.2.9 Detection limit
Values indicated below the detection limit are not significant.
4.2.10 Efficiency

Efficiency is not included in the table as determination varies considerably from country to country

(see Annex A for further details).
Table 1 – Requirements for accuracy
Indication Display Detection Response time
Parameter Accuracy
range resolution limit (t )
CO (low) 0 ppm - 1 ppm 10 ppm 90 s
± 10 ppm
200 ppm
or 10 %
rel.
CO (medium) 0 ppm - 1 ppm ± 20 ppm or 20 ppm 90 s
2 000 ppm
5 % rel.
CO (high) 0 ppm - 10 ppm ± 100 ppm 100 ppm 90 s
20 000 ppm
or 10 % rel.
NO 0 ppm - 1 ppm 5 ppm 90 s
± 5 ppm
600 ppm
or 5 %
rel.
SO 0 ppm - 1 ppm 10 ppm 180 s
2 ± 10 ppm or
500 ppm
5 % rel.
O 0 %- 21 % V/V 0,1 % ± 0,3 % V/V 0,3 % V/V 30 s
CO 0 % - 20 % V/V 0,1 % 0,3 % V/V 50 s
2 ± 0,3 % V/V
Temperature 1 °C for EN 50379-2: 30 s
0 °C - 400 °C 1 °C ± 2 °C or
(flue gas) for EN 50379-3: 50 s
1,5 % rel.
Temperature 1 °C 70 s
0 °C - 100 °C 1 °C ± 1 °C
(inlet air)
Pressure -50 Pa to 1 Pa ± 2 Pa 1 Pa 10 s
(draught and +200 Pa
or 5 %
circular orifice rel.
differential
pressure)
Pressure 0 Pa - 10 Pa 100 Pa 10 s
± 50 Pa
(differential) 10 000 Pa
1 % rel.
a a
Heat loss 0 % - 100 % 0,1 % N/A N/A N/A
b b
CO/CO ratio 0 – 0,01 0,000 1 N/A N/A N/A

Calculated from the fuel characteristics and measured parameters - either O or CO , temperature of flue gas and

2 2
temperature of inlet air, in accordance with national regulations.

Calculated from the fuel characteristics and the measured parameters of CO and either O or CO , in accordance

2 2
with national regulations.
4.2.11 Printer or data storage

If the apparatus is provided with a printer or any means for data storage e.g. a data logger it shall

print the date, time and values of all parameters, as specified in 4.2.6, taken at the time of the

printout.
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4.2.12 Average concentration (apparatus intended for appliances burning solid fuels)

The apparatus intended to be used for appliances burning solid fuels shall be able to carry out a

measurement for oxygen and CO over a defined period. For the purpose of type testing the period is

specified with 15 min. After finishing the measurement the concentration shall be indicated as

average value.
The sample rate for averaging shall be minimum one per second.
NOTE The period for averaging may be different in national regulations.
The time period for averaging shall be in conformance with national regulations.
4.3 Labelling and instructions
4.3.1 General

The text used for labels and instructions shall be in accordance with appropriate national regulations.

4.3.2 Labelling

Durable label(s) shall be carried on the apparatus, or moulded into the casing, giving at least the

following information:

a) the manufacturer’s or supplier’s name, trademark or other means of identification;

b) the type of apparatus, e.g. “combustion gas analyser”, and model name or number;

c) either the number of this European Standard or the third party certification;
d) the manufacturer’s serial number and/or production batch date code;
e) the replacement battery and mains power requirements, as relevant;

f) whether or not the instrument is suitable for outdoor use (see 5.3.2, 5.5.3 and 5.6.3).

Item (e) shall be clearly visible if the batteries are being changed.
External label(s) shall comply with EN 60335-1:2002, 7.6 and 7.14.
4.3.3 Instructions

The apparatus shall be provided with an instruction manual giving complete, clear and accurate

instructions for the safe and proper operation and regular checking of the apparatus. It shall also

include the following:

a) a statement of compliance with Part 2 and/or Part 3 of this European Standard, specified for the

whole apparatus or for the defined functional module(s);
b) the specific type(s) of fuel for which the apparatus is intended to be used;

c) the correct battery type(s) and method of replacing or recharging batteries, for battery powered

units, details of mains voltage, frequency and fuse rating, if releva
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