Petroleum and natural gas industries - Arctic operations - Environmental monitoring (ISO 35103:2017)

ISO 35103:2017 gives requirements, specifications and guidelines to ensure that environmental monitoring in the offshore Arctic region is fit for purpose. The Arctic region includes the territory lying to the North of the Arctic Circle (Latitude 66°33′45.8″). This document can be applied to sub-Arctic locations which experience Arctic-like conditions and contain relevant components of a cold-climate ecosystem.
ISO 35103:2017 is applicable to all Arctic oil and gas operations from licence block acquisition through exploration, engineering design, construction, commissioning, operation, decommissioning and restoration. It covers the offshore or maritime environment, including for the purposes of this document, the fully marine and estuarine waters of the Arctic, whether frozen or ice-free. The environment includes all relevant physical, chemical and biological components. Monitoring methods for onshore (terrestrial) environments are not covered in this document, although onshore environments are included where monitoring is required at onshore locations in relation to an offshore development.
ISO 35103:2017 covers both monitoring of environmental aspects for normal, abnormal and emergency conditions, and monitoring of environmental impacts. It includes monitoring in near-field, far-field, transboundary and regional scales, but does not include global environmental monitoring.

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Arktisbetrieb - Überwachung der Umgebung (ISO 35103:2017)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Opérations en Arctique - Surveillance de l'environnement (ISO 35103:2017)

L'ISO 35103:2017 fournit des exigences, des spécifications et des lignes directrices visant à assurer l'adéquation de la surveillance de l'environnement dans la région maritime arctique. La région arctique comprend le territoire situé au nord du cercle arctique (latitude 66°33′45.8″). Le présent document peut être appliqué aux zones subarctiques dont les conditions sont similaires à celles en Arctique et qui comprennent des éléments caractéristiques d'un écosystème climatique froid.
L'ISO 35103:2017 est applicable à l'ensemble des opérations pétrolières et gazières en Arctique, depuis l'acquisition de droits exclusifs d'exploitation jusqu'à la réhabilitation, en passant par l'exploration, l'étude technique, la construction, la mise en service, l'exploitation, la mise hors service et la restauration. Il couvre l'environnement marin ou maritime, qui inclut dans le cadre du présent document l'ensemble des eaux marines et estuariennes de l'Arctique, qu'elles soient gelées ou non. L'environnement comprend tous les composants physiques, chimiques et biologiques pertinents. Les méthodes de surveillance des environnements côtiers (terrestres) ne sont pas couvertes par le présent document, bien que les environnements côtiers soient pris en compte lorsque la surveillance d'emplacements côtiers est nécessaire dans le cadre d'un développement en mer.
L'ISO 35103:2017 couvre à la fois la surveillance des aspects environnementaux dans des conditions normales, anormales et d'urgence, et la surveillance des impacts environnementaux. Elle inclut la surveillance en champ proche, en champ éloigné et aux échelles transfrontière et régionale, mais pas la surveillance de l'environnement à l'échelle globale.

Industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Obratovanje v arktičnem okolju - Okoljsko nadzorovanje (ISO 35103:2017)

Standard ISO 35103:2017 določa zahteve in vodila za zagotavljanje, da je okoljsko nadzorovanje, ki se izvaja v priobalni arktični regiji, primerno za svoj namen. Arktična regija zajema območje, ki leži severno od arktičnega kroga (zemljepisna širina 66°33′45,8″). Ta dokument je mogoče uporabiti za subarktične lokacije, na katerih so pogoji podobnimi arktičnim in ki zajemajo ustrezne komponente hladnega klimatskega ekosistema.
Standard ISO 35103:2017 se uporablja za vso obratovanje industrije za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina v arktičnem okolju, od pridobivanja licenčnih blokov do raziskovanja, inženirskega projektiranja, gradnje, začetka uporabe, delovanja, prenehanja uporabe in obnovitve. Zajema priobalno ali morsko okolje, vključno za namen tega dokumenta, z vsemi morskimi vodami in vodami v rečnih ustjih Arktike, ne glede na to ali so zamrznjene ali brez ledu. Okolje zajema vse ustrezne fizične, kemijske in biološke komponente. Metode nadzorovanja za kopenska (zemeljska) okolja niso zajete v tem dokumentu, so pa kopenska okolja vključena, kadar je nadzorovanje potrebno na kopenskih lokacijah v povezavi s priobalnim razvojem.
Standard ISO 35103:2017 zajema nadzorovanje okoljskih vidikov za običajne in neobičajne pogoje ter pogoje v sili, pa tudi nadzor okoljskih vplivov. Zajema nadzorovanje v bližnjem območju, daljnem območju, v čezmejnem in regionalnem obsegu, ne zajema pa globalnega okoljskega nadzorovanja.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jul-2019
Publication Date
15-Oct-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Oct-2019
Due Date
16-Dec-2019
Completion Date
16-Oct-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
01-december-2019

Industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Obratovanje v arktičnem okolju

- Okoljsko nadzorovanje (ISO 35103:2017)

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Arctic operations - Environmental monitoring (ISO

35103:2017)
Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Arktisbetrieb - Überwachung der Umgebung (ISO
35103:2017)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Opérations en Arctique - Surveillance de

l'environnement (ISO 35103:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 35103:2019
ICS:
19.040 Preskušanje v zvezi z Environmental testing
okoljem
75.020 Pridobivanje in predelava Extraction and processing of
nafte in zemeljskega plina petroleum and natural gas
SIST EN ISO 35103:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
EN ISO 35103
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 75.020
English Version
Petroleum and natural gas industries - Arctic operations -
Environmental monitoring (ISO 35103:2017)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Opérations en Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Arktisbetrieb -

Arctique - Surveillance de l'environnement (ISO Überwachung der Umgebung (ISO 35103:2017)

35103:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 September 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 35103:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
EN ISO 35103:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
EN ISO 35103:2019 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 35103:2017 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67 "Materials,

equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 35103:2019 by

Technical Committee CEN/TC 12 “Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum,

petrochemical and natural gas industries” the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 35103:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 35103:2019 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 35103
First edition
2017-12
Petroleum and natural gas
industries — Arctic operations —
Environmental monitoring
Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel — Opérations en Arctique -
Surveillance de l'environnement
Reference number
ISO 35103:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
ISO 35103:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
ISO 35103:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5 General requirements for environmental monitoring ................................................................................................. 6

5.1 Application of ISO management system standards ................................................................................................. 6

5.2 Objectives of environmental monitoring .......................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Specification for monitoring ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4 Planning a monitoring programme ....................................................................................................................................... 7

5.4.1 Programme specification .......................................................................................................................................... 7

5.4.2 Programme adjustment ............................................................................................................................................. 8

5.4.3 Action on non-compliance ....................................................................................................................................... 8

5.5 Spatial scales ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.5.2 Near-field ...................................................................... .......................................................................................................... 8

5.5.3 Far-field .................. .................................................... .............................................................................................................. 8

5.5.4 Regional ................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.5.5 Transboundary .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.6 Temporal scales ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.6.1 Design ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.6.2 Variation in environmental aspects ................................................................................................................. 9

5.6.3 Natural fluctuations ...................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.7 Environmental aspects ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.7.1 Types of environmental aspects ......................................................................................................................... 9

5.7.2 Normal, abnormal and emergency conditions ....................................................................................... 9

5.7.3 Control aspect in response to monitoring ..............................................................................................10

5.8 Environments and components ............................................................................................................................................10

5.9 Baseline conditions ..........................................................................................................................................................................10

5.10 Parameters ..............................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.10.1 Selection of parameters ..........................................................................................................................................10

5.10.2 Accuracy ...............................................................................................................................................................................10

5.10.3 Detection limits ..............................................................................................................................................................11

5.10.4 Units and other specifications ...........................................................................................................................11

5.10.5 Physical parameters ...................................................................................................................................................11

5.10.6 Chemical parameters ................................................................................................................................................11

5.10.7 Biological parameters ........................................................................................................................................... ....11

5.10.8 Associated measurements ....................................................................................................................................12

5.10.9 Position fixing ..................................................................................................................................................................12

5.11 Modelling ..................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.12 Sampling ....................................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.13 Analytical methods ...........................................................................................................................................................................13

5.14 Toxicity tests ..........................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.15 Statistical methods ...........................................................................................................................................................................13

5.16 Costs of monitoring ..........................................................................................................................................................................13

5.17 Environmental monitoring report ......................................................................................................................................13

6 Factors to be considered for Arctic offshore environments .................................................................................14

6.1 Characteristics of the Arctic ......................................................................................................................................................14

6.2 Polar location ........................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.2.1 Remoteness .......................................................................................................................................................................14

6.2.2 Positioning .........................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
ISO 35103:2017(E)

6.2.3 Day/night cycle ..............................................................................................................................................................14

6.3 Low temperatures .............................................................................................................................................................................14

6.4 Seasonal characteristics ...............................................................................................................................................................15

6.5 Ice environments................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.6 Endemic species ..................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.6.2 Identification ....................................................................................................................................................................16

6.6.3 Ice flora and fauna .......................................................................................................................................................16

6.7 Human communities .......................................................................................................................................................................16

6.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.7.2 Indigenous peoples .....................................................................................................................................................16

6.7.3 Local and traditional knowledge ....................................................................................................................16

7 Monitoring requirements for offshore oil and gas sector in the Arctic ....................................................16

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2 Offshore life cycle phases ............................................................................................................................................................16

7.3 Offshore environmental monitoring programme design ................................................................................17

7.3.1 Objectives of offshore environmental monitoring ...........................................................................17

7.3.2 General aspects of environmental monitoring programme ....................................................17

7.3.3 Offshore environmental aspect and environmental impact identification ................17

7.3.4 Sampling and analysis ..............................................................................................................................................18

7.3.5 Reference sampling ....................................................................................................................................................18

7.3.6 Near-field sampling ....................................................................................................................................................19

7.3.7 Far-field sampling ........................................................................................................................................................19

7.3.8 Regional sampling .......................................................................................................................................................20

7.3.9 Field specific stations................................................................................................................................................20

7.3.10 Marine toxicity testing .............................................................................................................................................20

7.4 Environmental monitoring programme implementation ...............................................................................20

7.4.1 Pre-development ..........................................................................................................................................................20

7.4.2 Exploration ........................................................................................................................................................................21

7.4.3 Construction and commissioning...................................................................................................................22

7.4.4 Production phase ...................................................................... ....................................................................................22

7.4.5 Decommissioning and facility removal .....................................................................................................23

7.4.6 Site restoration ...............................................................................................................................................................23

7.4.7 Logistics, air and sea transport and accommodation ...................................................................23

7.4.8 Monitoring during emergency conditions ..............................................................................................24

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................25

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
ISO 35103:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore

structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 8, Arctic operations.

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
ISO 35103:2017(E)
Introduction
General

This document has been developed in order to promote internationally agreed approaches to

environmental monitoring of oil and gas operations in Arctic offshore environments. The monitoring

of onshore environments is not included in this document, except where relevant to an offshore

development.
Environmental monitoring
Environmental monitoring includes:

a) monitoring of environmental aspects for normal, abnormal and emergency conditions:

The environmental aspects of an organization under all conditions are determined by its

environmental management system (EMS) procedures and can include:
1) emissions to air;
2) releases to water;
3) releases to land;

4) use of raw materials and natural resources, including physical presence of facilities;

5) use of energy;
6) energy emitted, including heat, radiation, vibration, noise and light;
7) generation of waste and/or by-products;
8) environmental aspects with beneficial impact;
b) monitoring of environmental impacts:

Environmental impacts can occur at local, regional and global scales, while they can also be direct,

indirect or cumulative.

The relationship between environmental aspects and environmental impacts is one of cause and effect.

Within the scope of this document, the environment includes all relevant physical, chemical and

biological components of the sea, atmosphere and land, where the latter is potentially impacted by an

offshore development. When an organization determines the scope of its environmental impact, the

need to protect the following attributes is considered:
— human beings and cultural heritage;
— fauna and flora;
— soil, water, air and climate;

— material assets (such as existing pipelines and cables, shipping routes, seabed resources and

resource extraction facilities).

There are no existing internationally agreed standards for environmental monitoring; neither are there

such standards for marine environmental monitoring although there is a considerable body of guidance

documents.

This document presents sufficient information to guide organizations towards relevant monitoring

methods for use in the Arctic.
vi © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
ISO 35103:2017(E)

The special conditions of the Arctic will require organizations to modify their monitoring methods to

suit the conditions encountered.

General marine monitoring methods can be adapted by the oil and gas sector to meet the needs of its

Arctic maritime locations, its development phases, facility types and operations, their environmental

aspects and their impacts upon the marine environment.
Relationship of this document to ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and other standards

The organizations that have implemented ISO 14001 or ISO 9001 already apply the elements of

monitoring, measurement, analysis and improvement to their (environmental) monitoring processes.

Additional standards that apply to environmental monitoring include laboratory standards, specific

guides on sediment, water and air quality monitoring, and recommended practices for species

identification; the use of agreed statistical methods is essential.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
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SIST EN ISO 35103:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 35103:2017(E)
Petroleum and natural gas industries — Arctic operations
— Environmental monitoring
1 Scope

This document gives requirements, specifications and guidelines to ensure that environmental

monitoring in the offshore Arctic region is fit for purpose. The Arctic region includes the territory lying

to the North of the Arctic Circle (Latitude 66°33′45.8″). This document can be applied to sub-Arctic

locations which experience Arctic-like conditions and contain relevant components of a cold-climate

ecosystem.

This document is applicable to all Arctic oil and gas operations from licence block acquisition through

exploration, engineering design, construction, commissioning, operation, decommissioning and

restoration. It covers the offshore or maritime environment, including for the purposes of this document,

the fully marine and estuarine waters of the Arctic, whether frozen or ice-free. The environment

includes all relevant physical, chemical and biological components. Monitoring methods for onshore

(terrestrial) environments are not covered in this document, although onshore environments are

included where monitoring is required at onshore locations in relation to an offshore development.

This document covers both monitoring of environmental aspects for normal, abnormal and emergency

conditions, and monitoring of environmental impacts. It includes monitoring in near-field, far-field,

transboundary and regional scales, but does not include global environmental monitoring.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 17025, General requirements for the
...

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