Road operation machinery - Safety - Part 3-1: Winter service machines - Requirements for snow clearing machines with rotating tools and snow ploughs

This document, together with part 1, deals with all significant hazards for winter service machines – snow cleaning machines with rotating tools when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer associated with the whole life time of the machine (see Clause 4).
The requirements of this part are complementary to the common requirements formulated in
prEN xxx-1:20xx.
This document does not repeat the requirements from prEN xxx-1:20xx, but adds or replaces the requirements for application for winter service machines – snow cleaning machines with rotating tools.

Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 3-1 Maschinen für den Winterdienst - Anforderungen für Schneeräumgeräte mit rotierenden Werkzeugen

Machines d'exploitation des routes - Sécurité - Partie 3-1 : Machines de service hivernal - Prescriptions spécifiques pour les machines de déneigement à outil rotatif et lames de déneigement

Le présent document traite, avec l’EN 17106 1:2021, de tous les phénomènes, situations et événements dangereux significatifs applicables aux machines de service hivernal – machines de déneigement à outil rotatif et lames de déneigement lorsqu’elles sont utilisées normalement et dans les conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant (voir l’Annexe A), associés à toute la durée de vie des machines comme décrit dans l’EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4.
Les prescriptions figurant dans le présent document viennent en complément des prescriptions communes spécifiées dans l’EN 17106 1:2021. Le présent document ne répète pas les prescriptions de l’EN 17106 1:2021, mais complète ou modifie les prescriptions applicables aux machines de service hivernal – machines de déneigement à outil rotatif et lames de déneigement.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux machines de déneigement à outils rotatifs et lames de déneigement fabriquées avant la date de sa publication.

Obratovanje cestnih strojev - Varnost - 3-1. del: Stroji za storitve zimske službe - Zahteve za stroje za čiščenje snega z vrtljivimi orodji in snežnimi plugi

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-May-2017
Publication Date
08-Nov-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
28-Oct-2021
Due Date
02-Jan-2022
Completion Date
09-Nov-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
01-december-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13019:2002+A1:2009
SIST EN 13021:2004+A1:2009
SIST EN 13524:2004+A2:2014

Obratovanje cestnih strojev - Varnost - 3-1. del: Stroji za storitve zimske službe -

Zahteve za stroje za čiščenje snega z vrtljivimi orodji in snežnimi plugi

Road operation machinery - Safety - Part 3-1: Winter service machines - Requirements

for snow clearing machines with rotating tools and snow ploughs
Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 3-1 Maschinen für den Winterdienst -
Anforderungen für Schneeräumgeräte mit rotierenden Werkzeugen

Machines d'exploitation des routes - Sécurité - Partie 3-1 : Machines de service hivernal

- Prescriptions spécifiques pour les machines de déneigement à outil rotatif et lames de

déneigement
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17106-3-1:2021
ICS:
43.160 Vozila za posebne namene Special purpose vehicles
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 43.160; 93.080.99; C Supersedes EN 13019:2001+A1:2008, EN
13021:2003+A1:2008, EN 13524:2003+A2:2014
English Version
Road operation machinery - Safety - Part 3-1: Winter
service machines - Requirements for snow clearing
machines with rotating tools and snow ploughs

Machines d'exploitation des routes - Sécurité - Partie 3- Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 3-1 Maschinen für

1 : Machines de service hivernal - Prescriptions den Winterdienst - Anforderungen für

spécifiques pour les machines de déneigement à outil Schneeräumgeräte mit rotierenden Werkzeugen

rotatif et lames de déneigement
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 August 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17106-3-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ............................................... 7

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.2 Noise measurement ........................................................................................................................................ 7

4.3 Visibility.............................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.4 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.5 Guards ................................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.6 Aids for clearing snow blockage ............................................................................................................. 10

4.7 Means on snow ploughs for reducing impact caused by driving into solid obstacles ......... 11

4.8 Snow deflector ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.9 Steering performance ................................................................................................................................. 11

4.10 Safety requirements and/or measures — Self-propelled ride-on machines —

Attachments for towing ............................................................................................................................. 12

5 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ....... 12

6 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 13

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ......................................................................................... 14

Annex B (normative) Noise test code (engineering method grade 2) .................................................... 19

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

B.2 Operating conditions .................................................................................................................................. 19

B.3 Determination of the reference box to the machine for noise measurement ........................ 19

Annex C (informative) Terminology ................................................................................................................... 21

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ...................................................... 25

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SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17106-3-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151

“Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13019:2001+A1:2008, EN 13021:2003+A1:2008,
EN 13524:2003+A2:2014.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 17106:2021 consists of the following parts under the general title “Road operation machinery –

Safety”:
— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Specific requirements for road surface cleaning machines

— Part 3-1: Winter service machines - Specific requirements for snow clearing machines with rotating

tools and snow ploughs

— Part 3-2: Winter service machines - Specific requirements for spreading machines

— Part 4: Road service area maintenance machines - Specific requirements for grass and brush cutting

machines

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document together with EN 17106-1:2021 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations

and events relevant to winter service machines – snow clearing machines with rotating tools and snow

ploughs when used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by

the manufacturer (see Annex A) associated with the whole lifetime of the machine as described in

EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4.

The requirements of this document are complementary to the common requirements formulated in

EN 17106-1:2021. This document does not repeat the requirements from EN 17106-1:2021 but

supplements or modifies the requirements for winter service machines – snow clearing machines with

rotating tools and snow ploughs.

This document is not applicable to snow clearing machines with rotating tools and snow ploughs

manufactured before the date of its publication.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 17106-1:2021, Road operation machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements

EN ISO 6682:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986,

including Amd 1:1989)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction

(ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop function - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2015)

EN ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper

and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2019)

EN 15583-2:2012, Winter maintenance equipment - Snow ploughs - Part 2: Testing criteria and their

requirements

ISO 5006:2017, Earth-moving machinery - Operator's field of view - Test method and performance criteria

ISO 14401-1:2009, Earth-moving machinery - Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors - Part 1:

Test methods

ISO 14401-2:2009, Earth-moving machinery - Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors - Part 2:

Performance criteria
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 17106-1:2021,

EN ISO 12100:2010 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
NOTE Additional illustrations are provided in Annex C.
3.1
snow removing machine with rotating tool

self-propelled and attached machine with which snow can be removed from traffic areas by rotating

means, accelerated and ejected by blower means, e.g. snow cutter, snow blower, snow cutter-blower and

snow sweeper
3.1.1
snow cutter

machine for snow clearing with the rotating tools set at a right angle to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle

3.1.2
snow blower

machine for snow clearing with the rotating tools set parallel to the longitudinal axis of vehicle

3.1.3
snow cutter blower

combination of a snow cutter and snow blower; snow is collected by the cutter and expelled by the blower

3.1.4
snow sweeper
machine for snow clearing with rotating brushes
3.2
reject ring

cover having the shape of a ring or a disk which is attached to a rotating body (e.g. sidewards of rotary

plough tool) to provide protection against drawing-in or trapping
3.3
operating volume

volume where tools and other moving parts involved in the process are moving (e.g. rotating plough,

cutters)
3.4
snow plough

machine/equipment for snow clearing with a blade set at a right angle to the longitudinal axis of the

vehicle
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SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures
4.1 General

Winter service machines – snow clearing machines with rotating tools shall comply with the safety

requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures of this clause. In addition, the machines shall

be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100:2010 for relevant but not significant hazards

which are not dealt with by this document.

Winter service machines – snow clearing machines with rotating tools shall comply with the

requirements of EN 17106-1:2021, as far as not modified or replaced by the requirements of this part.

4.2 Noise measurement
EN 17106-1:2021, 4.1.2.3 applies with the following addition:

The determination of the reference box to the machine and operating conditions for noise measurement

are described in Annex B.
4.3 Visibility
EN 17106-1:2021, 4.1.3 applies with the following modification(s):

Snow clearing machines with rotating tools and snow ploughs shall be designed in accordance with

ISO 5006:2017 so that the operator has sufficient visibility from the operator's station in relation to the

travel and work areas of the machine that are necessary for the intended use of the machine.

The travel mode as specified in ISO 5006:2017 is considered to be representative for testing visibility in

both travel and operating modes.

It is sufficient to measure the machine with the most challenging standard attachment within the limits

of the intended use.

Snow clearing machines with rotating tools shall be equipped with rear view mirrors according to

ISO 14401-1:2009 and ISO 14401-2:2009.

Snow clearing machines with rotating tools shall meet the performance criteria (see Table 1) on the

visibility test circle according to ISO 5006:2017, Table 1.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
Table 1 — Visibility performance criteria on the visibility test circle
Type Clearing A B C D E F RB
head height
(EN 15906)
Self-propelled h < 1500 65 205 205 205 205 65 See
snow clearing Table 3
machines with
1 – 3500 1 – 1 – No No 2 – 3000
rotating tools
and 2500 2500 specific specific or
a a
1 – 700 and and 1 - 5500
criteria criteria
1 - 1 -
1200 1200
Self-propelled 1500 ≤ h 65 205 205 205 205 65
snow clearing
1 – 3500 1 – 1 – No No 2 – 3000
machines with
and 2500 2500 specific specific or
rotating tools
a a
1 – 700 and and 1 - 5500
criteria criteria
1 - 1 -
1200 1200

No specific criteria are specified in this Table because no significant hazards exist for the machine sector, e.g. due

to machine speed, distance to the test circle, machine manoeuvrability.
Table 2 — Rectangular boundary
Type RB front RB rear RB left RB right
Self-propelled 405 405 405 405
snow clearing
4000 mm distance 1 – machine width 1–1200 and 1- 1 - 500
machines with
and 2 - 500 500
1 – 3500 and 1 -
rotating tools
700
Test object height 1500 mm 1500 mm 1500 mm 1500 mm
4.4 Controls
4.4.1 Starting
EN 17106-1:2021, 4.1.4.4, third paragraph applies with the following addition:

Automatic lifting of interchangeable equipment (e.g. snow ploughs, snow clearing machines with rotating

tools) when starting reversing of the carrier vehicle/self-propelled machine is seen as intended actuation.

Automatic lowering of interchangeable equipment and starting of rotating tools when starting forward

movement of the carrier vehicle/self-propelled machine shall not be possible.
EN 17106-1:2021, 4.1.4.4, fourth paragraph does not apply.
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SIST EN 17106-3-1:2021
EN 17106-3-1:2021 (E)
4.4.2 Stopping
4.4.2.1 Operational stop
EN 17106-1:2021, 4.1.4.5.2 applies with the following addition:

It shall be possible to stop the rotating plough or blower equipment without stopping the drive motor by

means of a disengageable clutch between the equipment and the motor, or a braking device. This device

shall be secured to prevent an unintentional re-start.
4.4.2.2 Emergency stop
EN 17106-1:2021, 4.1.4.5.3 applies with the following addition:

An additional emergency stop function at the driver’s position is not needed if the normal engine stop

device provides the emergency stop function and is placed within easy reach according to

EN ISO 6682:2008.

The category of stop shall be Category '0' according to EN ISO 13850:2015, 4.1.4.

Where the stopping time can be reduced by a controlled stop of a rotating tool can be achieved with

power to the machine actuator(s), the category of the stop is allowed to be “Category 1” according to

EN ISO 13850:2015, 4.1.4.
4.4.3 Safety and reliability of control systems
EN 17106-1:2021, 4.1.4.3 applies with the following addition:

NOTE The risk assessment for snow ploughs has identified no safety related function(s)

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
01-maj-2017

2EUDWRYDQMHFHVWQLKVWURMHY9DUQRVWGHO6WURML]DVWRULWYH]LPVNHVOXåEH

=DKWHYH]DVWURMH]DþLãþHQMHVQHJD]YUWOMLYLPLRURGMLLQVQHåQLPLSOXJL

Road operation machinery - Safety - Part 3-1: Winter service machines - Requirements

for snow clearing machines with rotating tools and snow ploughs

Maschinen für den Straßenbetriebsdienst - Sicherheit - Teil 3-1 Maschinen für den

Winterdienst - Anforderungen für Schneeräumgeräte mit rotierenden Werkzeugen

Machines d'exploitation des routes - Sécurité - Partie 3-1 : Machines de service hivernal

- Exigences pour les Fraises à neige
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17106-3-1
ICS:
43.160 Vozila za posebne namene Special purpose vehicles
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17106-3-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2017
ICS 43.160; 93.080.99 Will supersede EN 13019:2001+A1:2008, EN
13021:2003+A1:2008, EN 13524:2003+A2:2014
English Version
Road operation machinery - Safety - Part 3-1: Winter
service machines - Requirements for snow clearing
machines with rotating tools and snow ploughs

Machines d'exploitation des routes - Sécurité - Partie 3- Maschinen für den Straßenbetriebsdienst - Sicherheit -

1 : Machines de service hivernal - Exigences pour les Teil 3-1 Maschinen für den Winterdienst -

Fraises à neige Anforderungen für Schneeräumgeräte mit rotierenden
Werkzeugen

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 151.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17106-3-1:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
prEN 17106-3-1:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 List of additional significant hazards ....................................................................................................... 6

5 Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................... 8

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 Visibility.............................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.1 Starting ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3.2 Stopping ........................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.3.3 Safety and reliability of control systems ............................................................................................. 10

5.4 Guards .............................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.4.1 Rotary equipment ........................................................................................................................................ 10

5.4.2 Ejectors ............................................................................................................................................................ 11

5.4.3 Aprons .............................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.5 Aids for clearing snow blockage ............................................................................................................. 11

5.6 Means on snow ploughs for reducing impact caused by driving into solid obstacles ......... 12

5.7 Snow deflector ............................................................................................................................................... 12

5.8 Marking of vehicles with attached or mounted machines for winter service ........................ 12

5.9 Steering performance ................................................................................................................................. 12

5.10 Safety requirements and/or measures — Self-propelled ride-on machines —

Attachments for towing ............................................................................................................................. 13

6 Verification of safety requirements or protective measures ....................................................... 13

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 16

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

Annex A (informative) Terminology .................................................................................................................. 17

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending

Directive 95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered.................................................. 21

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
prEN 17106-3-1:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 17106-3-1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151

“Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 13019:2001+A1:2008, EN 13021:2003+A1:2008,
EN 13524:2003+A2:2014.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

prEN 17106 consists of the following parts, under the general title road operation machinery:

— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Requirements for road surface cleaning machines

— Part 3-1: Winter service machines - Requirements for snow clearing machines with rotating tools

and snow ploughs
— Part 3-2: Winter service machines - Requirements for spreading machines

— Part 4-1: Road service area maintenance machines - Requirements for grass and brush/hedge

cutting machines

— Part 4-2: Road service area maintenance machines - Requirements for mechanical plant/branch

cutting machines
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
prEN 17106-3-1:2017 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situation and events are covered

are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those, which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

standard.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
prEN 17106-3-1:2017 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard, together with part 1, deals with all significant hazards for winter service

machines – snow cleaning machines with rotating tools when they are used as intended and under the

conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer associated with the whole

life time of the machine (see Clause 4).

The requirements of this part are complementary to the common requirements formulated in

prEN 17106-1:2017.

This document does not repeat the requirements from prEN 17106-1:2017, but adds or replaces the

requirements for application for winter service machines – snow cleaning machines with rotating tools.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

prEN 17106-1:2017, Road operation machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements

EN ISO 6682:2008, Earth moving machinery — Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986,

including Amendment 1:1989)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design

(ISO 13850:2015)

EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)

EN 15583-2:2012, Winter maintenance equipment - Snow ploughs - Part 2: Testing criteria and their

requirements

ISO/DIS 5006:2016, Earth-moving machinery — Operator's field of view — Test method and performance

criteria

ISO 14401-1:2009, Earth-moving machinery — Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors —

Part 1: Test methods

ISO 14401-2:2009, Earth-moving machinery — Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors —

Part 2: Performance criteria
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.
3.1
snow removing machine with rotating tool

self-propelled and attached machine with which snow can be removed from traffic areas by rotating

means, accelerated and ejected by blower means, e.g. snow cutter, snow blower, snow cutter-blower

and snow sweeper
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oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
prEN 17106-3-1:2017 (E)
3.1.1
snow cutter

machine for snow clearing with the rotary tools set at a right angle to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle

3.1.2
snow blower

machine for snow clearing with the rotary tools set parallel to the longitudinal axis of vehicle

3.1.3
snow cutter blower

combination of a snow cutter and snow blower; snow is collected by the cutter and expelled by the

blower
3.1.4
snow sweeper
machine for snow clearing with rotating brushes
3.2
reject ring

cover having the shape of a ring or a disk which is attached to a rotating body (e.g. sidewards of rotary

plough tool) to provide protection against drawing-in or trapping
3.3
operating area

area in which the work procedures are carried out e.g. removal of snow by pre-cutting tools, rotating

plough or blower equipment
4 List of additional significant hazards
Clause 4 of prEN 17106-1:2017 applies with the following Table 1.

Table 1 of prEN 17106-1:2017 and Table 1 of this document contains all hazards and hazardous

situations as far as they are dealt with in this European Standard, identified by risk assessments

significant to this type of machinery that require action to eliminate or reduce risk.

Table 1 — List of additional significant hazards
Subclause
Hazard Hazardous situation/event
of this part of prEN 17106–3-1
A.1 Mechanical hazards
A.1.1 Crushing hazard — Controls 5.3
— Power transmission 5.4
— Working tools 5.4, 5.6
A.1.2 Shearing hazard — Controls 5.3
— Platforms 5.4
— Power transmission 5.4
— Working tools 5.6
A.1.3 Cutting or severing hazard — Working tools 5.4, 5.5
A.1.4 Entanglement hazard — Power transmission parts 5.4
— Working tools 5.4, 5.5
— Starting/stopping the engine 5.3.1, 5.3.2
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oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
prEN 17106-3-1:2017 (E)
Subclause
Hazard Hazardous situation/event
of this part of prEN 17106–3-1
A.1.5 Drawing-in or trapping hazard — Power transmission parts 5.4
— Working tools 5.4, 5.5
— Starting/stopping the engine 5.3.1, 5.3.2
A.6 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles in machinery design
A.6.4 Inadequate local lighting — Visibility 5.2
A.6.6 Human error, human behaviour — Operator's manual 7
A.6.7 Inadequate design, location or — Controls 5.3
identification manual controls
A.7 Combination of hazards — Operator's manual 7
A.8 Unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun/overspeed
A.8.1 Failure/disorder of the control — Service and maintenance 5.3.3
system
— Electrical equipment
A.8.5 Errors made by the operator (due — Controls 5.3
to mismatch of machinery with
— Operator's manual 7
human characteristics and
abilities
A.9 Impossibility of stopping the — Controls 5.3
machine in the best possible
— Starting/stopping the engine 5.3.1, 5.3.2
conditions
A.13 Errors of fitting — Operator's manual 7
A.15 Falling or ejected objects or — Supports 5.4.3, 5.6
fluids
Additional hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events due to mobility
A.18 Related to the travelling function
A.18.1 Movement when starting the — Starting/stopping the engine 5.3.1, 5.3.2
engine
A.19 Link to the work position
A.19.5 Insufficient visibility from the — Visibility 5.2, 5.7
work positions
A.19.6 Inadequate lighting — Visibility 5.2
A.20 Due to the control system
A.20.1 Inadequate location of manual — Controls 5.3, 5.9
controls
A.20.2 Inadequate design of manual — Controls 5.3, 5.9
controls and their mode of
operation
A.22 Due to the power source and to the transmission of power

A.22.1 Hazards from the engine and the — Starting/stopping the engine 5.3.1, 5.3.2

batteries
A.22.3 Hazards from coupling and — Mounting of machines 5.10.1
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oSIST prEN 17106-3-1:2017
prEN 17106-3-1:2017 (E)
Subclause
Hazard Hazardous situation/event
of this part of prEN 17106–3-1
towing
A.23 From/to third persons
A.23.1 Unauthorized start-up and use — Starting/stopping the engine 5.3.1, 5.3.2
A.24 Insufficient instructions for the — Operator's manual 7
driver/operator
5 Safety requirements and/or measures
5.1 General

Winter service machines – snow cleaning machines with rotating tools shall comply with the

requirements of prEN 17106-1:2017, as far as not modified or replaced by the requirements of this

part.
5.2 Visibility
Subclause 5.1.4 in part 1 applies with the following modification(s):

Snow cleaning machines with rotating tools shall be designed in accordance with ISO/DIS 5006:2016 so

that the operator has sufficient visibility from the operator's station in relation to the travel and work

areas of the machine that are necessary for the intended use of the machine.

The travel mode as specified in ISO/DIS 5006:2016 is considered to be representative for testing

visibility in both travel and
...

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