Accessibility terms and definitions (IEC 63080:2017)

This document contains a list of currently used terminology to describe accessibility and terms
that writers of standards need when writing and designing International Standards. It is
important to standardize and define a recognized list of the terms already used and in existing
ITU Recommendations and Resolutions, along with those in the UN Convention on the Rights
of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). Without such a list, there could be confusion not only
on the part of writers and implementers of standards, but also by the public at large. It is also
important to eliminate terminology that is no longer used, offensive, and demeaning to
persons with disabilities (PWD) and others.
The terminology in this document is for use in international work when English is used to refer
to telecommunication/ICT accessibility matters. This document is also applicable to everyday
life and all usages, including web design and other writings, as well as ICT,
telecommunications, and broadcasting standardization. The aim is for it to also be
mainstreamed into future policy, regulatory, and academic documents so as to be consistent
with global compatibility and understanding. In the future, work that is yet to be created,
written, or approved could include new terms that are added as appropriate by consensus in a
revision.

Begriffe Zur Zugänglichkeit (IEC 63080:2017)

Termes et définitions relatifs à l’accessibilité (IEC 63080:2017)

L'IEC 63080:2017 contient une liste des termes actuellement utilisés pour décrire l'accessibilité, ainsi que des termes dont les rédacteurs de normes ont besoin au moment de l'élaboration des Normes internationales. Il est important de normaliser et de définir une liste établie des termes d'ores et déjà utilisés dans les recommandations et résolutions de l'UIT, ainsi que dans la Convention relative aux droits des personnes handicapées de l'Organisation des Nations Unies (UNCRPD). L'absence d'une telle liste pourrait entraîner une confusion, non seulement de la part des rédacteurs de normes et des responsables de leur mise en œuvre, mais aussi au sein du grand public. Il importe également de supprimer les termes obsolètes, injurieux et dévalorisants, notamment envers les personnes handicapées. La terminologie du présent document a vocation a être utilisée dans le cadre des travaux internationaux en anglais autour des questions d'accessibilité des télécommunications/ICT. Le présent document s'applique également à la vie quotidienne et à tous les usages, y compris la conception de sites Web et autres écrits, de même qu'à la normalisation des ICT, des télécommunications et de la radiodiffusion. L'objectif est aussi d'intégrer cette terminologie aux documents de gestion, réglementaires et académiques à venir, de manière à maintenir une cohérence en vue de la compatibilité et de la compréhension à l'échelle mondiale. Les travaux créés, rédigés ou approuvés à l'avenir sont susceptibles de contenir de nouveaux termes ajoutés en fonction des besoins, par consensus, dans le cadre d'une révision.

Izrazi in definicije za dostopnost (IEC 63080:2017)

Ta dokument vsebuje seznam aktualne terminologije za opis dostopnosti in izraze, ki jih pisci standardov potrebujejo za pripravo in oblikovanje mednarodnih standardov. Pomembno je, da se standardizira in opredeli seznam izrazov, ki se že uporabljajo, izrazov v priporočilih in resolucijah ITU ter izrazov iz Konvencije OZN o pravicah invalidov (UNCRPD). Brez tovrstnega seznama bi lahko prišlo do zmede, ne samo pri pripravljavcih in izvajalcih standardov, ampak tudi v širši javnosti. Prav tako je pomembno izločiti terminologijo, ki se ne uporablja več, je žaljiva ali poniževalna do invalidnih oseb in drugih.
Terminologija v tem dokumentu je namenjena rabi v mednarodnem okolju, ko se angleški jezik uporablja v povezavi dostopnostjo na področju telekomunikacij/informacijskih in komunikacijskih tehnologij (ICT). Ta dokument je namenjen tudi vsakovrstni in vsakdanji rabi, vključno z oblikovanjem spletnih strani in drugih besedil kot tudi standardizacijo informacijskih in komunikacijskih tehnologij, telekomunikacij in radiodifuzije. Cilj je, da se terminologijo uporablja tudi v prihodnjih usmeritvenih, regulativnih in akademskih dokumentih in se tako doseže doslednost z globalno združljivostjo in razumevanjem. Prihodnja dela, ki bodo ustvarjena, pripravljena ali potrjena, bi lahko vsebovala nove izraze, dodane, če je to na podlagi soglasja primerno, v pregled.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-May-2018
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Dec-2017
Due Date
11-Feb-2018
Completion Date
11-May-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 63080:2018
01-junij-2018
Izrazi in definicije za dostopnost (IEC 63080:2017)
Accessibility terms and definitions (IEC 63080:2017)
Begriffe Zur Zugänglichkeit (IEC 63080:2017)
Termes et définitions relatifs à l’accessibilité (IEC 63080:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 63080:2017
ICS:
01.040.01 Splošno. Terminologija. Generalities. Terminology.
Standardizacija. Standardization.
Dokumentacija (Slovarji) Documentation
(Vocabularies)
01.120 Standardizacija. Splošna Standardization. General
pravila rules
11.180.01 3ULSRPRþNL]D Aids for disabled and
RQHVSRVREOMHQHLQ handicapped persons in
KHQGLNHSLUDQHRVHEHQD general
VSORãQR
SIST EN 63080:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 63080:2018
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SIST EN 63080:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 63080
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2017
ICS 01.040.01, 11.180.01
English Version
Accessibility terms and definitions
(IEC 63080:2017)
Termes et définitions relatifs à l’accessibilité Begriffe zur Zugänglichkeit
(IEC 63080:2017) (IEC 63080:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-09-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 63080:2017 E
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SIST EN 63080:2018
EN 63080:2017 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 100/2775/CDV, future edition 1 of IEC 63080:2017, prepared by IEC/TC 100

"Audio, video and multimedia systems and equipment" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel

vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 63080:2017.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which this document has (dop) 2018-06-01
to be implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2020-09-01
standards conflicting with this
document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 63080:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.
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SIST EN 63080:2018
IEC 63080
Edition 1.0 2017-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Accessibility terms and definitions –
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 01.040.01; 11.180.01 ISBN 978-2-8322-4658-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
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SIST EN 63080:2018
– 2 – IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 7

4 Abbreviated terms ......................................................................................................... 12

5 Conventions .................................................................................................................. 12

6 Terminology................................................................................................................... 12

6.1 Access service or accessibility service .................................................................. 12

6.2 Accessibility .......................................................................................................... 13

6.3 Accessibility content ............................................................................................. 13

6.4 Accessibility feature .............................................................................................. 13

6.5 Assistive listening devices (ALD) .......................................................................... 13

6.6 Assistive listening system (ALS) ........................................................................... 13

6.7 Assistive technology (AT) ...................................................................................... 14

6.8 Audio and spoken subtitles ................................................................................... 14

6.9 Audio captions/captioning ..................................................................................... 14

6.10 Audio description .................................................................................................. 14

6.11 Captions/captioning .............................................................................................. 14

6.12 Clean audio .......................................................................................................... 15

6.13 Closed/open accessibility services ........................................................................ 15

6.14 Design for all (deprecated) .................................................................................... 15

6.15 Disability ............................................................................................................... 15

6.16 Human factors or ergonomics ............................................................................... 15

6.17 Impairment ............................................................................................................ 16

6.18 Inclusive design .................................................................................................... 16

6.19 Interface accessibility ........................................................................................... 16

6.20 Keyboard emulator ................................................................................................ 17

6.21 Lip-reading and lip-reading interpretation .............................................................. 17

6.22 Lip speaking or oral interpreters ............................................................................ 17

6.23 Mainstreaming ...................................................................................................... 17

6.24 Persons with age-related disabilities ..................................................................... 17

6.25 Persons with disabilities (PWD) ............................................................................ 18

6.26 Persons with specific needs .................................................................................. 18

6.27 Pixelation .............................................................................................................. 18

6.28 Platform accessibility features............................................................................... 18

6.29 Profile settings ...................................................................................................... 18

6.30 Real time .............................................................................................................. 18

6.31 Relay service ........................................................................................................ 19

6.32 Remote participation ............................................................................................. 19

6.33 Respeaking ........................................................................................................... 20

6.34 Screen magnification software .............................................................................. 20

6.35 Screen reader software ......................................................................................... 20

6.36 Sign language ....................................................................................................... 20

6.37 Sign language interpretation ................................................................................. 21

6.38 Special needs ....................................................................................................... 21

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IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

6.39 Specific needs ...................................................................................................... 21

6.40 Subtitles ............................................................................................................... 21

6.41 Supplementary audio services .............................................................................. 22

6.42 Universal design ................................................................................................... 22

Annex A (informative) Deprecated terminology .................................................................... 23

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 23

A.2 Elderly .................................................................................................................. 23

A.3 Handicapped ......................................................................................................... 23

A.4 Hearing impairment ............................................................................................... 23

A.5 Inclusive design, design for all, or accessible design ............................................ 23

A.6 Persons with special needs ................................................................................... 23

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 24

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SIST EN 63080:2018
– 4 – IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
ACCESSIBILITY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS –
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and

non-governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates

closely with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined

by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 63080 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 100: Audio,

video and multimedia systems and equipment.
ITU-T F.791:2015 has served as a basis for the elaboration of this standard.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
CDV Report on voting
100/2775/CDV 100/2873/RVC

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

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SIST EN 63080:2018
IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
A bilingual version of this publication may be issued at a later date.
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SIST EN 63080:2018
– 6 – IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017
INTRODUCTION

This document defines words describing accessibility, disability, and technical terms to be

used for improving the writing in relation to standardization, and to facilitate accurately the

needs and the mainstreaming of accessibility in standards that will include persons with

disabilities (PWD), older persons with age-related disabilities and persons with specific needs.

See WTDC Res. 58, WTDC AP and ITU–T F.790, listed in the Bibliography.

With the advent of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

(see UNCRPD in the Bibliography), its passage in 2006, and its ratification by numerous

countries, many new terms and definitions were created. Some of these terms and definitions

were created at the behest of PWD themselves to eradicate terms that were demeaning,

insulting, and inaccurate.

Writers of standards are able to mainstream accessibility features into standards, as well as

to write specific standards for accessibility. To design products and services successfully,

there is a need for a common language. This document is intended to give definitions so that

it will make it easier for industries to implement these accessibility features and accessibility

standards if everyone is using the same language and vocabulary. It is also important that

governments, government agencies, non-government organizations (NGOs), the UN, and its

respective agencies normalize these terms for their integration into mainstream everyday

language.

The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), Article 9, made

clear the need to include PWD, older persons with age-related disabilities, and persons with

specific needs by mainstreaming them into all aspects of modern life. This can only be done

by including them in the design of modern technology and information and communication

technologies (ICTs) using universal design as defined in the UNCRPD and using a common

language and vocabulary.
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SIST EN 63080:2018
IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017 – 7 –
ACCESSIBILITY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS –
1 Scope

This document contains a list of currently used terminology to describe accessibility and terms

that writers of standards need when writing and designing International Standards. It is

important to standardize and define a recognized list of the terms already used and in existing

ITU Recommendations and Resolutions, along with those in the UN Convention on the Rights

of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). Without such a list, there could be confusion not only

on the part of writers and implementers of standards, but also by the public at large. It is also

important to eliminate terminology that is no longer used, offensive, and demeaning to

persons with disabilities (PWD) and others.

The terminology in this document is for use in international work when English is used to refer

to telecommunication/ICT accessibility matters. This document is also applicable to everyday

life and all usages, including web design and other writings, as well as ICT,

telecommunications, and broadcasting standardization. The aim is for it to also be

mainstreamed into future policy, regulatory, and academic documents so as to be consistent

with global compatibility and understanding. In the future, work that is yet to be created,

written, or approved could include new terms that are added as appropriate by consensus in a

revision.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
access service
accessibility service

provision of features intended to make primary audiovisual content accessible to users with

specific needs, preferences, or in specific environmental contexts
3.2
accessibility

degree to which a product, device, service, or environment (virtual or real) is available to as

many people as possible
3.3
accessibility content

accessibility of the content delivered by an audiovisual media solution, i.e. captions, subtitles,

audio description, audio subtitles, etc., and differentiated from the solution's interface

accessibility
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SIST EN 63080:2018
– 8 – IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017

Note 1 to entry: Access services are a primary means of delivering content so that it will be accessible to PWD as

well as persons with specific needs.
3.4
accessibility feature

additional content component that is intended to assist people hindered in their ability to

perceive an aspect of the main content
3.5
ALD
assistive listening devices

devices enabling persons who are hard of hearing to hear sounds on an improved basis

3.6
ALS
assistive listening system

assistive technology (AT) systems using electromagnetic, radio or light waves, or a

combination of the two, enabling transmission of the acoustic signal from the sound source (a

loudspeaker or a person talking) directly to the hard-of-hearing person's ALD
3.7
assistive technology

equipment, product system, hardware, software or service that is used to increase, maintain

or improve capabilities of persons

Note 1 to entry: Assistive technology is an umbrella term that is broader than assistive products.

Note 2 to entry: Assistive technology can include assistive services, and professional services needed for

assessment, recommendation and provision.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 71:2014, 2.16, modified — "individuals" replaced by "persons" for

consistency within this document.]
3.8
audio and spoken subtitles

subtitle text rendered into speech by a human voice artist or a synthetic voice with a text-to-

speech software programme
3.9
audio captions
audio captioning
captions that are read aloud and reflected as speech

Note 1 to entry: It can also be used to designate the audio content of an audiovisual work or sequence in any

language along with action. It is read aloud by a human or a specific apparatus that converts the text into speech.

Note 2 to entry: Audio captions can be called "audio subtitles" or "spoken subtitles" in the case of foreign

language dialogue.
3.10
audio description

additional audio track to aid persons with visual impairments who cannot follow the visual

content

Note 1 to entry: Audio description is also known as "video description", "visual description", and "described

video".
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IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017 – 9 –
3.11
captions
captioning

real-time transcription of spoken words, sound effects, relevant musical cues, and other

relevant audio information in live or pre-recorded events

Note 1 to entry: Captions can be open, not adjustable by the user, or closed where they can be turned on and off

by the users at will. See 3.13 for further explanation of open and closed accessible services.

3.12
clean audio

enhanced audio signal by means of signal processing, with improved intelligibility of the

dialogue with respect to ambient noise, background noise, music, etc.

Note 1 to entry: This can also apply to the quality of the audio used for audio captioning (see 3.9), audio

description (see 3.10), and subtitles (see 3.39).
3.13
closed/open accessibility services

accessibility services – audio description, audio subtitling, captioning, and sign language –

that have the possibility of being selected by the end user

Note 1 to entry: When selected by the end user, it is closed. If it cannot be selected or turned off by the user, it is

an open service, i.e. open caption.
3.14
design for all

design of mainstream products and/or services that are accessible to, and usable by all

persons, especially including persons with disabilities (PWD), and persons who were born

with specific needs
3.15
disability

restriction or inability to perform a function or activity in the manner or the range considered

average or accepted functionality, resulting from an impairment or reduction of ability, which

can be either permanent or temporary
3.16
human factors
ergonomics

usability and proper interaction between persons for products and devices; services, systems;

and environments, both real and virtual
3.17
impairment

loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological, or anatomical structure or function

3.18
interface accessibility

accessibility of the set of provisions that allow a user to operate and control audiovisual media

solutions
3.19
keyboard emulator

hardware/software input device that emulates the key press outputs of an alphanumeric

keyboard
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SIST EN 63080:2018
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3.20
lip-reading
lip-reading interpretation

form of communication and interpretation used by persons who are hard of hearing, or

persons who are deaf who may or may not use sign language
3.21
lip speaking interpreters
oral interpreters

technique of interpretation for persons who are deaf and hard of hearing, where a trained

interpreter speaks silently the dialogue in the audio visual content or in any other event in real

time, so that the speech is clearly discernible for persons with hearing disabilities who can lip-

read the words from the interpreter's mouth without the use of sign language
3.22
mainstreaming

inclusion of persons with disabilities (PWD) in everyday life without segregation in the

environment, education, technology, i.e. access to telephones, the Internet, the web, and all

ICTs
3.23
persons with age-related disabilities

persons with cognitive and physical disabilities that are caused by the aging process itself,

e.g. diminished eyesight, deafness in varying degrees, reduced mobility, or cognitive abilities

3.24
persons with disabilities
PWD
persons with a disability according to UNCRPD
3.25
persons with specific needs

persons with disabilities (PWD), persons who are not literate, those with learning disabilities,

children, indigenous people, older persons with age-related disabilities, and anyone who has

a temporary disability
3.26
pixelation

display of a bitmap or a section of a bitmap at such a large size that individual pixels become

visible, making the image "jagged" and more difficult to decipher
3.27
platform accessibility features

accessibility functionality provided as standard on a particular hardware/software platform

3.28
profile settings

ability for the users to store and retrieve multiple profiles containing sets of user interface

preference settings without having to reset them each time, including accessibility settings

3.29
real time

data or services (e.g. broadcasting) that are transmitted with virtually no delay

3.30
relay service

telephone service that enables a person who is deaf or hard of hearing or whose speech is

not clearly understood to place and receive telephone calls in real time
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IEC 63080:2017 © IEC 2017 – 11 –
3.31
remote participation

participation in a meeting from a separate geographical location, using communication

technologies

[SOURCE: ITU-T A-Sup. 4 (06/2015) Supplement on guidelines for remote participation]

3.32
respeaking

technique to produce captions where a person ("the respeaker") listens to the speech and

re-speaks it, such that the respeaker's vocal input is processed by a speech recognition

software that transcribes it and produces the captions
3.33
screen magnification software

software application used by a person with low vision to magnify a portion of the text and/or

graphics displayed on a video screen sufficiently to enable reading and comprehension

3.34
screen reader software

software application used by a person who is blind or otherwise "print impaired" to identify

and interpret what is being displayed on a video display and read aloud using speech

synthesis
3.35
sign language
signed language
visual signing

natural language that, instead of acoustically conveying sound patterns, uses manual

communication with the hands, facial expressions, and body language to convey meaning

3.36
sign language interpretation

synchronized showing of an interpreter who uses sign language to convey the main audio

content and dialogue to people who use sign language and also to some lip readers who can

combine lip-reading with sign language

Note 1 to entry: In certain cases, a synthetic construct can be used in place of an interpreter.

Note 2 to entry: This is also done live when an interpreter is physically present.

3.37
special needs

identification in forms or signs of any accessibility accommodation that a person with

disabilities or a person with specific needs may require to help them be able to participate

Note 1 to entry: Not to be used to refer to persons (see clauses 3.38, 6.38, and Annex A).

Note 2 to entry: This term has a different usage when referring to countries, see [WTDC Res.58], and [WTDC AP].

3.38
specific needs
DEPRE
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