Fire classification of construction products and building elements - Part 6: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests on power, control and communication cables

This European Standard provides the reaction to fire classification procedure for electric cables.
NOTE   For the purpose of this European Standard the term "electric cables" covers all power, control and communication cables, including optical fibre cables.

Klassifizierung von Bauprodukten und Bauarten zu ihrem Brandverhalten - Teil 6: Klassifizierung mit den Ergebnissen aus den Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Starkstromkabeln und -leitungen, Steuer- und Kommunikationskabeln

Dieses Dokument legt das Verfahren zur Klassifizierung des Brandverhaltens von elektrischen Kabeln fest.
ANMERKUNG   Für die Anwendung dieses Dokuments deckt der Begriff „elektrische Kabel“ alle Starkstrom-, Steuer- und Kommunikationskabel einschließlich Glasfaserkabeln ab.

Classement au feu des produits et éléments de construction - Partie 6: Classement à partir des données d’essais de réaction au feu sur câbles de puissance, de commande et de communication

Le présent document décrit le mode opératoire de classement de réaction au feu des câbles électriques.
NOTE   Pour les besoins du présent document, le terme « câbles électriques » couvre tous les câbles de puissance, de commande et de communication, y compris les câbles à fibres optiques.

Požarna klasifikacija gradbenih proizvodov in elementov stavb - 6. del: Klasifikacija po podatkih iz preskusov odziva na ogenj na električnih, krmilnih in komunikacijskih kablih

Ta evropski standard določa požarno klasifikacijo glede odziva na ogenj na električnih kablih.
OPOMBA: V tem evropskem standardu izraz »električni kabli« zajema vse napajalne, krmilne in komunikacijske kable, vključno z optičnimi kabli.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Dec-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
19-Dec-2018
Completion Date
19-Dec-2018

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 13501-6:2019 - natisnjeno za čitalnico
English language
30 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Klassifizierung von Bauprodukten und Bauarten zu ihrem Brandverhalten - Teil 6: Klassifizierung mit den Ergebnissen aus den Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Starkstromkabeln und -leitungen, Steuer- und KommunikationskabelnClassement au feu des produits et éléments de construction - Partie 6: Classement à partir des données d’essais de réaction au feu sur câbles de puissance, de commande et de communicationFire classification of construction products and building elements - Part 6: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests on power, control and communication cables29.060.20KabliCables13.220.50Požarna odpornost gradbenih materialov in elementovFire-resistance of building materials and elementsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13501-6:2018SIST EN 13501-6:2019en,fr,de01-april-2019SIST EN 13501-6:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13501-6:20141DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13501-6:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13501-6
December
t r s z ICS
s uä t t rä w râ
t {ä r x rä t r Supersedes EN
s u w r sæ xã t r s vEnglish Version
Fire classification of construction products and building elements æ Part

xã Classification using data from reaction to fire tests on powerá control and communication cablesClassement au feu des produits et éléments de construction æ Partie

xã Classement à partir des données d 5essais de réaction au feu sur câbles de puissanceá de commande et de communication

Klassifizierung von Bauprodukten und Bauarten zu ihrem Brandverhalten æ Teil

xã Klassifizierung mit den Ergebnissen aus den Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Starkstromkabeln und æleitungená Steueræ und Kommunikationskabeln This European Standard was approved by CEN on

{ November
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s u w r sæ xã t r s z ESIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms, definitions and symbols ................................................................................................................. 6 3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6 3.2 Symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................................................... 10 4 Classes of reaction to fire performance ............................................................................................... 10 5 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.2 Heat of combustion test (EN ISO 1716) ................................................................................................ 11 5.3 Vertical flame spread of single cable (EN 60332-1-2) .................................................................... 11 5.4 Burning behaviour and smoke production of bunched cable – (EN 50399) ........................... 11 5.5 Smoke production of burning cable (EN 61034-2) .......................................................................... 11 5.6 Acidity of gases produced by burning cables (EN 60754-2) ......................................................... 11 6 Principles for specimen preparation .................................................................................................... 11 7 Number of tests for classification ........................................................................................................... 11 7.1 Minimum number of tests ......................................................................................................................... 11 7.2 Additional tests ............................................................................................................................................. 12 7.3 Criteria for classification ........................................................................................................................... 12 7.4 Continuous parameters ............................................................................................................................. 12 7.5 Discontinuous parameters ....................................................................................................................... 12 8 Testing of electric cables (see Table 1) ................................................................................................ 13 8.1 Class Eca, Fca ..................................................................................................................................................... 13 8.2 Classes Dca, Cca, B2ca ...................................................................................................................................... 13 8.3 Class B1ca ......................................................................................................................................................... 13 8.4 Class Aca ............................................................................................................................................................ 13 8.5 Additional classifications s1, s2, s3 for smoke production ........................................................... 13 8.6 Additional classifications s1a, s1b for smoke production ............................................................. 13 8.7 Additional classifications d0, d1, d2 for flaming droplets/particles ......................................... 13 8.8 Additional classifications a1, a2, a3 for acidity ................................................................................. 13 9 Classification criteria for electric cables (see Table 1) .................................................................. 14 9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14 9.2 Class Fca ............................................................................................................................................................ 14 9.3 Class Eca ............................................................................................................................................................ 14 9.4 Class Dca ............................................................................................................................................................ 14 9.5 Class Cca ............................................................................................................................................................ 15 9.6 Class B2ca ......................................................................................................................................................... 15 9.7 Class B1ca ......................................................................................................................................................... 15 9.8 Class Aca ............................................................................................................................................................ 16 9.9 Additional classifications s1, s1a, s1b, s2, s3 for smoke production ......................................... 16 9.10 Additional classifications d0, d1, d2 for flaming droplets and/or particles ........................... 17 SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 3 9.11 Additional classifications a1, a2, a3 for acidity ................................................................................. 17 10 Presentation of classification ................................................................................................................... 17 11 Field of application of the classification ............................................................................................... 20 12 Classification report .................................................................................................................................... 20 12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20 12.2 Content and format ...................................................................................................................................... 20 Annex A (normative)

Reaction to fire classification report for electric cables ..................................... 23 A.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 23 A.2 Details of classified product...................................................................................................................... 24 A.3 Reports and results in support of this classification ....................................................................... 24 A.4 Classification and field of application ................................................................................................... 25 A.5 Limitations ...................................................................................................................................................... 26 Annex B (informative)

Background information as regards the reaction to fire performance of cables ............................................................................................................................................................ 27 B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 B.2 Assumptions ................................................................................................................................................... 27 B.3 Reference scenario and fire situations for cables ............................................................................. 27 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 30

SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 13501-6:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 127 “Fire safety in buildings”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2020. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13501-6:2014. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. CEN, CENELEC and EOTA committees preparing technical specifications for electric cables falling under the Construction Product Regulation (305/2011), which contain performance requirements against reaction to fire tests, should make reference to the reaction to fire classification given in this European Standard and not refer directly to any specific fire test method. This document has been prepared in cooperation with CLC/TC 20 “Electric cables”, CLC/TC 46X “Communication cables” and CLC/TC 86A “Optical fibre cables”. EN 13501, Fire classification of construction products and building elements consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests; — Part 2: Classification using data from fire resistance tests, excluding ventilation services; — Part 3: Classification using data from fire resistance tests on products and elements used in building service installations: fire resisting ducts and fire dampers; — Part 4: Classification using data from fire resistance tests on components of smoke control systems; — Part 5: Classification using data from external fire exposure to roofs tests; — Part 6: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests on power, control and communication cables. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 5 Introduction The aim of this European Standard is to define a harmonized procedure for the classification of reaction to fire of power, control and communication cables and hybrid cables. This classification is based on the test procedures listed in Clause 5. This European Standard has been prepared in support of the second essential requirement in the EC Construction Products Regulation (CPR) (EU) N°305/2011 and as detailed in the Interpretative Document Number 2: Safety in case of fire (OJ C62 Vol. 37). Background information on the Commission Decision regarding the classification of the reaction to fire performance of electric cables is given in Annex B. There is a procedure by which certain products can be assigned a particular fire classification without the need for testing. Such products have well established reaction to fire performance and have been agreed by the Standing Committee on Construction. Agreements relating to such products which may be ‘classified without further testing’ (CWFT) are published in the Official Journal of the EC. Part 1 of this European Standard covers classification resulting from reaction to fire tests for products other than electric cables. Parts 2, 3 and 4 of this European Standard are concerned with classification resulting from fire resistance tests. Part 5 covers classification resulting from tests for external fire exposure to roofs. SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope This document provides the reaction to fire classification procedure for electric cables. NOTE For the purpose of this document, the term “electric cables” covers all power, control and communication cables, including optical fibre cables. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 50399, Common test methods for cables under fire conditions - Heat release and smoke production measurement on cables during flame spread test - Test apparatus, procedures, results EN 50575, Power, control and communication cables - Cables for general applications in construction works subject to reaction to fire requirements CLC/TS 50576, Electric cables - Extended application of test results for reaction to fire EN 60332-1-2:2004, Tests on electric and optical fibre cables under fire conditions - Part 1-2: Test for vertical flame propagation for a single insulated wire or cable - Procedure for 1 kW pre-mixed flame (IEC 60332-1-2:2004) EN 60754-2, Test on gases evolved during combustion of materials from cables - Part 2: Determination of acidity (by pH measurement) and conductivity (IEC 60754-2) EN 61034-2, Measurement of smoke density of cables burning under defined conditions - Part 2: Test procedure and requirements (IEC 61034-2) EN ISO 1716, Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of the gross heat of combustion (calorific value) (ISO 1716) 3 Terms, definitions and symbols 3.1 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1.1 product material, element or component about which information is required, in the context of this standard, the product is an electric cable about which information is required SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 7 3.1.2 material single basic substance or uniformly dispersed mixture of substances 3.1.3 external component external layer of the cable, i.e. the sheath 3.1.4 end use application real application of a product, in relation to all aspects that influence the behaviour of that product under different fire situations Note 1 to entry: It covers aspects such as its quantity, orientation, position in relation to other adjacent products, and its method of fixing. 3.1.5 fire performance response of a material, product or assembly in a fire Note 1 to entry: It is often important to understand how materials, products or assemblies behave in real fires as opposed to in fire tests under controlled conditions. Improved fire performance can be exhibited in a variety of ways. For example, longer times to ignition, lower heat release, lower flame spread or lower smoke release could all be evidence of improvements in fire performance. Note 2 to entry: Compare with the term fire behaviour. [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.137] 3.1.6 reaction to fire response of a test specimen when it is exposed to fire under specified conditions in a fire test [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.324] 3.1.7 fire scenario qualitative description of the course of a fire with respect to time, identifying key events that characterize the studied fire and differentiate it from other possible fires

Note 1 to entry: See fire scenario cluster and representative fire scenario. Note 2 to entry: It typically defines the ignition and fire growth processes, the fully developed fire stage, the fire decay stage, and the environment and systems that will impact on the course of the fire. Note 3 to entry: Unlike deterministic fire analysis, where fire scenarios are individually selected and used as design fire scenario, in fire risk assessment, fire scenarios are used as representative fire scenarios within fire scenario clusters. [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.152] 3.1.8 reference scenario hazard situation used as a reference for a given test method or classification system SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 8 3.1.9 fire situation stage in the development of a fire, characterised by the nature, severity and size of the thermal attack on the products involved 3.1.10 combustion exothermic reaction of a substance with an oxidizing agent

Note 1 to entry: Combustion generally emits fire effluent accompanied by flames and/or glowing. [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.55] 3.1.11 heat of combustion thermal energy produced by combustion of unit of mass of a given substance [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.203] Note 1 to entry: It is expressed in kilojoules per gram. 3.1.12 gross heat of combustion (PCS) heat of combustion of a substance when the combustion is complete and any produced water is entirely condensed under specified conditions [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.198] 3.1.13 net heat of combustion (PCI) heat of combustion when any water produced is considered to be in the gaseous form . Note 1 to entry: The net heat of combustion is always smaller than the gross heat of combustion because the heat released by the condensation of water vapour is not included. Note 2 to entry:

The typical unit is kJ„g «1. [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.280] 3.1.14 contribution to fire energy released by a product influencing the fire growth both in pre- and post-flashover situations 3.1.15 heat release thermal energy produced by combustion Note 1 to entry: The typical unit is J. [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.205] 3.1.16 vertical flame spread (FS) damaged length of the sample, as measured in the EN 50399 test SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 9 3.1.17 vertical flame spread (H) distance from the upper onset of charring (above the flame application point) to the lower onset of charring (below the flame application point) as measured in the EN 60332-1-2 test 3.1.18 fully developed fire state of total involvement of combustible materials in a fire [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.192] 3.1.19 flashover transition to a state of total surface involvement in a fire of combustible materials within an enclosure [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.184] 3.1.20 flaming droplets/particles material separating from the specimen during the fire test and continuing to flame for a minimum period as described by the test method [SOURCE: EN 50399:2011, 3.7] 3.1.21 FIGRA fire growth rate index used for classification purposes for the classes B1ca, B2ca, Cca and Dca Note 1 to entry: For the classification of cables, FIGRA means the maximum of the quotient of heat release rate from the specimen, excluding the contribution of ignition source, and the time of its occurrence using a THR threshold of 0,4 MJ and an HRR threshold of 3 kW. Note 2 to entry: The FIGRA for cables is defined in more detail in EN 50399. 3.1.22 direct field of application outcome of a process (involving the application of defined rules) whereby a test result is deemed to be equally valid for variations in one or more of the product properties and/or intended end use applications 3.1.23 extended field of application outcome of a process (involving the application of defined rules that may incorporate calculation procedures) that, in the context of this standard, attributes for a cable family, a test result on the basis of one or more test results to the same test standard 3.1.24 extended application result predicted result for performance parameter obtained following the process of extended field of application SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 10 3.1.25 extended application report document reporting extended application results, including all details of the process leading to those results 3.2 Symbols and abbreviations The symbols and notations correspond to those given in the appropriate test method. NOTE If different, the definition of symbol in the delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/364 of 1st July 2015 is given between brackets. FIGRA fire growth rate index used for classification purposes [W/s] (Fire growth rate) PCS gross heat of combustion [MJ/kg] (Gross calorific potential) THR1200s total heat release (HRRsm30) from test start until end of test, excluding contribution from ignition source [MJ] TSP1200s total smoke production (SPRsm60) from test start until end of test [m2] Peak HRR = HRR = maximum value of heat release, excluding the burner output, determined during the whole burner application time, averaged over 30 s expressed in [kW] (Maximum of HRRsm30 between test start and end of test excluded contribution from ignition source) Peak SPR = SPR = maximum value of smoke production, determined during the whole burner application time, averaged over 60 s, expressed in [m2/s] (maximum SPR sm60 between test start and end of test) FS vertical flame spread [m] equals the damaged length of the sample H vertical flame spread [mm] as defined in 3.1.17 m’ mean value of the set of results of a continuous parameter determined in accordance with the relevant test method using the minimum number of tests as specified in the test method m mean value of the set of results of a continuous parameter determined in accordance with the procedure in 7.4 and used for classification 4 Classes of reaction to fire performance The classes with their corresponding fire performance are given in Table 1. Products classified in a given class are deemed to satisfy all the requirements of any lower class. The main classification can only be obtained by undertaking the tests for a particular product or product family. Some additional classification can be obtained without testing (e.g. a3). 5 Test methods 5.1 General The following test methods are specified in relation to the envisaged reaction to fire classification. The relevant classification parameters are given in Table 1. SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 11 5.2 Heat of combustion test (EN ISO 1716) This test determines the potential maximum total heat release of a product when completely burning, regardless of its end use. The test is relevant for the class Aca. It allows the determination of both the gross heat of combustion (PCS) and the net heat of combustion (PCI). 5.3 Vertical flame spread of single cable (EN 60332-1-2) This test evaluates the flame spread of a single cable under exposure to a small flame. The test is relevant for the classes B1ca, B2ca, Cca, Dca Eca and Fca. 5.4 Burning behaviour and smoke production of bunched cable – (EN 50399) This test evaluates the potential contribution of a cable, installed with other cables, to the development of a fire, under direct exposure to a flame source. The test is relevant for the class B1ca, using a 30 kW flame source and special mounting requirements. The test is relevant for the classes B2ca, Cca and Dca, using a 20,5 kW flame source. For smoke production, the test is relevant for B1ca, B2ca, Cca and Dca in association with the additional classification s. 5.5 Smoke production of burning cable (EN 61034-2) This test evaluates the potential contribution of a cable to obscuration of vision when burning under static air conditions. The test is relevant for the classes B1ca, B2ca, Cca and Dca, in association with the additional classification s1. 5.6 Acidity of gases produced by burning cables (EN 60754-2) This test evaluates the potential contribution of burning cable materials to produce acidic gases. The test is relevant for the classes B1ca, B2ca, Cca and Dca in association with the additional classification a. 6 Principles for specimen preparation Before testing, product specimens shall be prepared and conditioned and, where relevant, mounted in accordance with the relevant test methods. Cables tested according to EN 50399 are mounted on a cable ladder. The number of cables, their spacing and other mounting details vary according to the cable diameter as described in EN 50399. It should be noted that cables applying for class Dca, Cca or B2ca are all mounted in a similar way while for cables applying for B1ca there is an additional requirement that a non-combustible calcium silicate board is mounted at the back of the cable ladder. Details are given in EN 50399. 7 Number of tests for classification 7.1 Minimum number of tests The minimum number of tests given in the appropriate test method is as follows: a) the number of tests used for classification against EN 50399 is one; SIST EN 13501-6:2019

EN 13501-6:2018 (E) 12 b) the number of tests used for classification against EN 60754-2 is three; c) the number of tests used for classification against EN 61034-2 is one; d) the number of tests used for classification against EN 60332-1-2 is one; e) the number of tests used for classification against EN ISO 1716 is three. 7.2 Additional tests Two additional tests may be carried out only under the conditions given in 7.4 c), 7.4 d), 7.5, on request of the sponsor. 7.3 Criteria for classification For a product to claim a particular classification, all the relevant criteria, given in Table 1, shall comply with the stated requirements. 7.4 Continuous parameters For each continuous parameter (PCS, FIGRA, THR1200s, Peak HRR, FS, TSP1200s, Peak SPR, transmittance, pH and conductivity) the selection of the class is based on the mean value (m) of the results of this parameter, (unless only one single test result is required), determined in accordance with the relevant test method, us

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.