Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of the gross heat of combustion (calorific value) (ISO 1716:2018)

This document specifies a method for the determination of the gross heat of combustion (QPCS) of products at constant volume in a bomb calorimeter.
This method is intended to be applied to solid products.
NOTE Liquids can be tested with similar equipment and using conditions described in ASTM D240[1], as described in IEC 61039[2] using ISO 1928[3] test equipment.
Annex A specifies the calculation of the net heat of combustion, QPCI, when required.
Information on the precision of the test method is given in Annex B.

Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Produkten - Bestimmung der Verbrennungswärme (des Brennwerts) (ISO 1716:2018)

Dieses Dokument legt ein Verfahren zur Bestimmung der Brutto Verbrennungswärme (QPCS) von Produkten bei konstantem Volumen in einem Bombenkalorimeter fest.
Dieses Verfahren ist zur Anwendung für feste Produkte vorgesehen.
ANMERKUNG   Flüssigkeiten können mit ähnlicher Ausrüstung unter Bedingungen nach ASTM D240 [1] geprüft werden oder wie in IEC 61039 [2] beschrieben unter Verwendung der Prüfausrüstung nach ISO 1928 [3].
Für den Fall, dass die Netto-Verbrennungswärme QPCI ermittelt werden muss, enthält Anhang A ein entsprechendes Berechnungsverfahren.
Anhang B enthält Angaben zur Präzision des Prüfverfahrens.

Essais de réaction au feu de produits - Détermination du pouvoir calorifique supérieur (valeur calorifique) (ISO 1716:2018)

Le présent document spécifié une méthode permettant de déterminer le pouvoir calorifique supérieur (QPCS) des produits, à un volume constant à l'intérieur d'une bombe calorimétrique.
Cette méthode est destinée à être appliquée à des produits solides.
NOTE Les liquides peuvent être soumis à l'essai en utilisant un équipement similaire et selon les conditions spécifiées dans l'ASTM D240,[1] comme décrit dans l'IEC 61039[2] en utilisant l'équipement d'essai de l'ISO 1928[3].
L'Annexe A spécifie le calcul du pouvoir calorifique inférieur, QPCI.
L'Annexe B fournit des informations sur la fidélité de la méthode d'essai.

Preskusi odziva proizvodov na ogenj - Ugotavljanje specifične toplote zgorevanja (kalorične vrednosti) (ISO 1716:2018)

Ta dokument določa metodo za ugotavljanje specifične toplote zgorevanja (QPCS) izdelkov pri konstantni prostornini v bombnem kalorimetru. Ta metoda je namenjena za uporabo pri trdnih izdelkih.
OPOMBA: Tekočine je mogoče preskušati s podobno opremo in z uporabo pogojev, opisanih v standardu ASTM D240[1], kot je opisano v standardu IEC 61039[2] in z uporabo preskuševalne opreme iz standarda ISO 1928[3].
Dodatek A določa izračun neto toplote pri zgorevanju (QPCI), kadar je to potrebno. Informacije o natančnosti preskusne metode so podane v dodatku B.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Jul-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
11-Jul-2018
Completion Date
11-Jul-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
01-september-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 1716:2010
3UHVNXVLRG]LYDSURL]YRGRYQDRJHQM8JRWDYOMDQMHVSHFLILþQHWRSORWH]JRUHYDQMD
NDORULþQHYUHGQRVWL  ,62

Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of the gross heat of combustion

(calorific value) (ISO 1716:2018)
Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Produkten - Bestimmung der Verbrennungswärme
(des Brennwerts) (ISO 1716:2018)

Essais de réaction au feu de produits - Détermination du pouvoir calorifique supérieur

(valeur calorifique) (ISO 1716:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 1716:2018
ICS:
13.220.50 Požarna odpornost Fire-resistance of building
gradbenih materialov in materials and elements
elementov
91.100.01 Gradbeni materiali na Construction materials in
splošno general
SIST EN ISO 1716:2018 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
EN ISO 1716
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.50; 91.100.01 Supersedes EN ISO 1716:2010
English Version
Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of the
gross heat of combustion (calorific value) (ISO 1716:2018)

Essais de réaction au feu de produits - Détermination Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Produkten -

du pouvoir calorifique supérieur (valeur calorifique) Bestimmung der Verbrennungswärme (des

(ISO 1716:2018) Brennwerts) (ISO 1716:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 May 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 1716:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
EN ISO 1716:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
EN ISO 1716:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 1716:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 92 "Fire safety "

in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 127 “Fire safety in buildings” the secretariat of

which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2019, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by January 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 1716:2010.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 1716:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 1716:2018 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 1716
Fourth edition
2018-05
Reaction to fire tests for products —
Determination of the gross heat of
combustion (calorific value)
Essais de réaction au feu de produits — Détermination du pouvoir
calorifique supérieur (valeur calorifique)
Reference number
ISO 1716:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5 Test apparatus ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Reagents and materials ................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7 Test specimens........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.2 Sampling ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2.2 Loose-fill material ........................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2.3 Liquid-applied products ............................................................................................................................................ 9

7.2.4 Thin film products .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.3 Determination of surface density ........................................................................................................................................... 9

7.4 Grinding .....................................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.5 Type of specimen ...............................................................................................................................................................................10

7.6 Conditioning ...........................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.7 Number of test specimens ..........................................................................................................................................................10

7.8 Determination of mass ..................................................................................................................................................................10

7.9 Crucible method ..................................................................................................................................................................................11

7.10 “Cigarette” method ...........................................................................................................................................................................11

8 Test procedure .....................................................................................................................................................................................................12

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

8.2 Calibration procedure ....................................................................................................................................................................12

8.2.1 Determination of the water equivalent .....................................................................................................12

8.2.2 Conditions for recalibration ................................................................................................................................12

8.3 Standard test procedure ..............................................................................................................................................................12

9 Expression of results .....................................................................................................................................................................................14

9.1 Corrections for manual apparatus ......................................................................................................................................14

9.2 Corrections for isothermal calorimeter (see Annex C) .....................................................................................14

9.3 Calculation of the gross heat of combustion of the specimen .....................................................................15

9.4 Calculation of the gross heat of combustion of the product .........................................................................16

9.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................16

9.4.2 Homogeneous product ............................................................................................................................................17

9.4.3 Non-homogeneous product .................................................................................................................................17

10 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

11 Validity of test results ...................................................................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (normative) Calculation of net heat of combustion ...................................................................................................20

Annex B (informative) Precision of test method ...................................................................................................................................21

Annex C (informative) Calculation by graph of the corrective term, c, necessarybecause of

the cooling of the calorimeter .............................................................................................................................................................24

Annex D (informative) Example of determination of the gross heat ofcombustion of a non-

homogeneous product .................................................................................................................................................................................25

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................30

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 92, Fire safety, Subcommittee SC 1, Fire

initiation and growth.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 1716:2010), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 1716:2018(E)
Reaction to fire tests for products — Determination of the
gross heat of combustion (calorific value)

WARNING — The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this test

is drawn to the fact that fire testing may be hazardous and that there is a possibility that toxic

and/or harmful gases may be evolved during the test. Operational hazards may also arise during

the testing of specimens, such as the possibility of an explosion, and during the disposal of test

residues.

WARNING — An assessment of all the potential hazards and risks to health should be made

and safety precautions should be identified and provided. Written safety instructions should

be issued. Appropriate training should be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel

should ensure that they follow written instructions at all times.
1 Scope

This document specifies a method for the determination of the gross heat of combustion (Q ) of

PCS
products at constant volume in a bomb calorimeter.
This method is intended to be applied to solid products.
[1]

NOTE Liquids can be tested with similar equipment and using conditions described in ASTM D240 , as

[2] [3]
described in IEC 61039 using ISO 1928 test equipment.

Annex A specifies the calculation of the net heat of combustion, Q , when required.

PCI
Information on the precision of the test method is given in Annex B.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 554, Standard atmospheres for conditioning and/or testing — Specifications

EN 13238, Reaction to fire tests for building products — Conditioning procedures and general rules for

selection of substrates
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
product
material, element or component about which information is required
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
3.2
material
single basic substance or uniformly dispersed mixture of substances

EXAMPLE Stone, timber, concrete, mineral wool with a uniformly dispersed binder and polymers.

3.3
homogeneous product

product (3.1) consisting of a single material (3.2) having uniform density and composition throughout

the product (3.1)
3.4
non-homogeneous product

product (3.1) that does not satisfy the requirements of a homogeneous product (3.3) and which is

composed of more than one component, substantial or non-substantial

Note 1 to entry: If a non-homogeneous product cannot be easily separated into its component parts, the individual

components shall be provided separately by the sponsor.
3.5
non-substantial component

material (3.2) that does not constitute a significant part of a non-homogeneous product (3.4) and that

has a layer with a mass/unit area below 1,0 kg/m and a thickness below 1,0 mm

Note 1 to entry: If the non-substantial layers do not comply with the above requirements, together they shall be

considered to be substantial.

Note 2 to entry: Two or more non-substantial layers that are adjacent to each other (i.e. with no substantial

component(s) in between the layers) are regarded as one non-substantial component when they collectively

comply with the requirements for a layer being a non-substantial component.
3.6
substantial component

material (3.2) that constitutes a significant part of a non-homogeneous product (3.4) and that has a layer

with a mass/unit area more than or equal to 1,0 kg/m or a thickness more than or equal to 1,0 mm

Note 1 to entry: Two or more non-substantial layers that are adjacent to each other (i.e. with no substantial

component(s) in between the layers) are regarded as one substantial component when they collectively comply

with the requirements for a layer being a substantial component.
3.7
internal non-substantial component

non-substantial component (3.5) that is covered on both sides by at least one substantial component (3.6)

3.8
external non-substantial component

non-substantial component (3.5) that is not covered on one side by a substantial component (3.6)

3.9
heat of combustion
DEPRECATED: calorific value
thermal energy produced by combustion of unit mass of a given substance
Note 1 to entry: The heat of combustion is expressed in megajoules per kilogram.
[SOURCE: ISO 13943:2008, 4.174, modified — The Note 1 to entry was changed.]
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
3.10
gross heat of combustion
PCS

heat of combustion (3.9) of a substance when the combustion is complete and any produced water is

entirely condensed under specified conditions

Note 1 to entry: The gross heat of combustion is expressed in megajoules per kilogram.

Note 2 to entry: The acronym PCS is derived from the French term “pouvoir calorifique supérieur”.

3.11
net heat of combustion
PCI

heat of combustion (3.9) of a substance when the combustion is complete and any produced water is in

the vapour state under specified conditions

Note 1 to entry: The net heat of combustion may be calculated from the gross heat of combustion.

Note 2 to entry: The net heat of combustion is expressed in megajoules per kilogram.

Note 3 to entry: The acronym PCI is derived from the French term “pouvoir calorifique inférieur”.

3.12
latent heat of vaporization of water
heat which is required to change water from a liquid to a gas

Note 1 to entry: The latent heat of vaporization is expressed in megajoules per kilogram.

3.13
surface density
mass per unit area
Note 1 to entry: The surface density is expressed in kilograms per square metre.
4 Principle

In this test, a test specimen of specified mass is burned under standardized conditions, at constant

volume, in an atmosphere of oxygen, in a bomb calorimeter calibrated by combustion of certified

benzoic acid. The heat of combustion determined under these conditions is calculated on the basis of

the observed temperature rise, taking account of heat loss and the latent heat of vaporization of water.

This is a test method for determining an absolute value of the heat of combustion for a product and it

does not take into account any inherent variability of the product.
5 Test apparatus

The test apparatus (bomb calorimeter) shall be as illustrated in Figure 1, and as detailed in 5.1 to 5.4.

Additional equipment shall be in accordance with 5.5 to 5.10.

Equipment described in 5.1 to 5.4 could also be available as automatic or semi-automatic apparatuses.

Any deviation from these subclauses has to be evaluated by the user according to requirements of

subsequent subclauses.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
Key
1 stirrer 7 calorimetric bomb
2 jacket lid 8 crucible
3 ignition leads 9 electrodes
4 temperature measuring device 10 firing wire
5 calorimetric vessel 11 crucible holder
6 jacket
Figure 1 — Test apparatus
5.1 Calorimetric bomb.
The calorimetric bomb shall be constructed with the following characteristics:
a) volume: (300 ± 50) ml;
b) mass not greater than 3,25 kg;
4 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
c) casing thickness at least 1/10 of the inner diameter of the body:

The lid is intended to receive the crucible and the electric firing device. The lid, including any seals,

shall be capable of withstanding an internal pressure of 21 MPa.

NOTE These conditions define a bomb in which 1 g of coal under an initial oxygen pressure no greater than

3 MPa (pressure gauge method) is able to withstand, with a sufficient coefficient of safety, the maximum amount

of pressure created under combustion, without a need for a calorimetric bomb of overlarge mass.

The inner surface of the bomb shall be resistant to attack by products of combustion and, even when

“fuels” rich in sulfur are used, it shall resist pitting and inter-crystalline corrosion by acids produced

during combustion.
5.2 Calorimeter.
5.2.1 Jacket.

The jacket shall consist of a double-walled container, which is thermally insulated together with an

insulated lid. The jacket is filled with water. The dimensions of the jacket shall be such that there is at

least 10 mm space around the calorimetric vessel. The calorimetric vessel shall be supported on an as

small as possible area of non-conducting material, preferably a 3-point support.

For an adiabatic calorimeter system, a heater and thermometer system shall be incorporated into the

vessel such that the water temperature in the jacket is maintained at the same temperature as the water

in the calorimetric vessel.

For an isothermal calorimeter system, the temperature of the water in the jacket shall be kept constant.

For an isothermal calorimeter, the necessary corrections shall be made (see 9.2).

5.2.2 Calorimetric vessel.

The calorimetric vessel shall consist of a polished metal container designed to accommodate the bomb.

The dimensions shall be such that the bomb can be immersed in water (see 8.3.8).
5.2.3 Stirrer.

The stirrer shall be driven by a constant-speed motor. To prevent the transfer of heat to and from the

calorimeter, the driving shaft of the stirrer shall have a thermally insulated section in a gasket between

the jacket lid and the jacket. A magnetic stirring device with a similar performance is an acceptable

alternative.
5.3 Temperature measuring device.

The temperature measuring device shall be capable of giving a resolution of 0,005 K. When using a

mercury thermometer, this shall have at least 0,01 K graduations with a device, e.g. a lens, for taking

readings to within 0,005 K. A mechanical vibrator shall also be used to gently tap the thermometer to

ensure that the mercury column does not stick.
5.4 Crucible.

The crucible shall be made of metal, such as platinum, nickel, stainless steel or silica, with a flat base,

25 mm in diameter (maximum dimension if it is truncated) and 14 mm to 19 mm high. The following

wall thickness is recommended:
— metal: 1,0 mm;
— silica: 1,5 mm.
NOTE Several shapes of crucible have proved satisfactory.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
5.5 Timing device.

The timing device shall be capable of recording the time elapsed to the nearest second and accurate to

within 1 s in 1 h.
5.6 Electric power source.

The electric power source shall be designed with the voltage to the firing circuit not exceeding 20 V for

the firing.

NOTE An ammeter can be added to the circuit to indicate the breaking of the firing wire. A circuit breaker is

a useful addition to the supply circuit.
5.7 Pressure gauge and needle-valve.

A pressure gauge and a needle valve shall be attached to the oxygen-supply circuit to show the pressure

in the bomb while it is being filled; this pressure shall be indicated with a resolution of 0,1 MPa.

5.8 Balances.
Two balances shall be used with the following characteristics:
— one is an analytical balance with a resolution of 0,1 mg;
— the other is a balance with a resolution of 0,1 g.
5.9 Device for making the “cigarette”.

The device shall be designed as shown in Figure 2, and comprise a mould and a metallic mandrel (not

aluminium).
6 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 1716:2018
ISO 1716:2018(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
b) Paper in position in the mould after the
a) Shaping the paper over the mandrel
mandrel has been removed, ready to be filled
c) Cigarette completed d) Cigarette placed in the crucible
Key
1 mandrel 3 firing wire 5 electrode 7 crucible
2 mould 4 paper 6 cigarette

NOTE 1 The paper is kept in place by gluing an overlap of the paper using the preglued cigarette-making paper.

NOTE 2 The two ends of the paper are twisted.
NOTE 3 The “cigarette” is put in the crucible and the firing wire is wrappe
...

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