Hygrothermal performance of building components and building elements - Determination of the resistance of external wall systems to driving rain under pulsating air pressure
This standard specifies a general method for assessing the driving rain resistance of wall systems through determining the water tightness of wall systems under pulsating air pressure.
Wärme- und feuchteschutztechnisches Verhaltens von Bauteilen - Bestimmung des Widerstandes des Außenwandsystems gegen Schlagregen bei pulsierendem Luftdruck
Diese Norm legt ein allgemeines Verfahren zur Beurteilung des Schlagregenwiderstandes von Wandsystemen durch Bestimmung der Wasserdichtheit der Wandsysteme oder dessen Teilen bei pulsierendem Luftdruck fest.
Performance hygrothermique des composants et parois de bâtiments - Détermination de la résistance à la pluie battante des systèmes de murs extérieurs sous pression d'air pulsatoire
La présente norme définit une méthode générale destinée à évaluer la résistance des parois à la pluie battante en déterminant l'étanchéité des parois ou parties de parois sous pression d'air pulsé.
Higrotermalno obnašanje sestavnih delov stavb in elementov stavb – Ugotavljanje upora zunanjega zaščitnega sloja stene proti dežju pri spreminjajočem se tlaku zraka
Standards Content (sample)
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.]UDNDWärme- und feuchteschutztechnisches Verhaltens von Bauteilen - Bestimmung des Widerstandes des Außenwandsystems gegen Schlagregen bei pulsierendem LuftdruckPerformance hygrothermique des composants et parois de bâtiments - Détermination de la résistance a la pluie battante des systemes de murs extérieurs sous pression d'air pulsatoireHygrothermal performance of building components and building elements - Determination of the resistance of external wall systems to driving rain under pulsating air pressure91.120.30WaterproofingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12865:2001SIST EN 12865:2002en01-marec-2002SIST EN 12865:2002SLOVENSKISTANDARD
SIST EN 12865:2002
EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 12865March 2001ICS 91.120.30English versionHygrothermal performance of building components and buildingelements - Determination of the resistance of external wallsystems to driving rain under pulsating air pressurePerformance hygrothermique des composants et parois debâtiments - Détermination de la résistance à la pluiebattante des systèmes de murs extérieurs sous pressiond'air pulsatoireWärme- und feuchteschutztechnisches Verhaltens vonBauteilen - Bestimmung des Widerstandes desAußenwandsystems gegen Schlagregen bei pulsierendemLuftdruckThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 December 2000.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36
B-1050 Brussels© 2001 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 12865:2001 ESIST EN 12865:2002
Page 2EN 12865:2001ContentsPageForeword3Introduction31Scope42Terms and definitions43Principle54Apparatus55Test specimens66Procedure77Expression of results88Accuracy99Test report9Annex A(informative) Example of water spraying system11SIST EN 12865:2002
Page 3EN 12865:2001ForewordThis European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 89 "Thermalperformance of buildings and building components", the secretariat of which is held by SIS.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publicationof an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2001, and conflictingnational standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2001.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizationsof the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UnitedKingdom.This standard is one of a series of standards which specify test methods for the thermal andmoisture related properties of buildings, building components, building products and buildingmaterials.Annex A is informative.IntroductionDriving rain is often the cause of building damage due to the penetration of wind driven raininto or through external wall elements. The amount of driving rain impinging on a local partof an external wall surface depends on the rainfall and wind speed occurring simultaneously,the exposure of the building and the architectural / structural details of the surface. Nationalstandards define areas with different classes of driving rain severity which may be used todetermine the protection needed against driving rain.Protection can be achieved by measures such as:a)
architectural / structural design to reduce the amount of driving rain (e.g. roofoverhangs);b)
ventilated or unventilated air space behind cladding (any water penetrating thecladding flows down on the internal face of the cladding and is drained out at specifiedopenings; an air flow in a ventilated air space due to stack effects accelerates thedrying);c)
rendering on external wall surfaces with appropriate properties to absorb or repel thewater during driving rain and allow drying during the following drying period;d)proper detailing to prevent water ingress around openings;e)
providing a defined water tightness of the wall element including existing joints so asto limit water penetration to an acceptable level.This standard specifies a test method to determine the resistance of wall elements to drivingrain, thus mainly covering measure e).SIST EN 12865:2002
Page 4EN 12865:2001The specified test conditions, with pulsating air pressure difference, simulate in a simplifiedway the dynamic nature of rain and wind pressure against a wall.Test methods for the determination of the resistance to driving rain under static air pressuremay lead to different results.This standard is intended to be used by product specifications, except where specific productshave properties which make application of this standard difficult.1ScopeThis standard specifies a general method for assessing the driving rain resistance of wallsystems by determining the water tightness of wall systems or part of wall systems underpulsating air pressure.2Terms and definitionsFor the purposes of this standard, the following terms and definitions apply.2.1driving rain resistanceability of the test specimen to resist water penetration under the conditions of the test2.2water penetrationwater continuously or repeatedly reaching the inside surface of the test specimen or parts ofthe specimen not designed to be wetted or where the water is not drained out2.3pulsating air pressure differenceair pressure difference across the specimen alternating periodically between zero and aspecified higher level2.4limit of water tightnessmaximum pulsating air pressure difference, in Pa, for which water penetration does not occurduring the test2.5water absorptionmass of absorbed water per area, in kg/m²SIST EN 12865:2002
Page 5EN 12865:20013PrincipleA test specimen is fitted into the driving rain test apparatus, the external surface of the testspecimen is sprayed continuously with water at a specified rate while the pulsating airpressure difference is increased in specified steps. The time of water penetration, if any, themaximum air pressure difference applied and the location of any penetrations are noted.4ApparatusThe driving rain test apparatus shall include:a) chamber with an adjustable opening to which the test specimen is fitted;b) means of providing a controlled differential air pressure across the test specimen with acontrol uncertainty of ± 5 %;NOTE 1
The control should be able to keep the pulsating pressure difference within theabove mentioned accuracy even when the air permeability varies during the test due tothe water film on the surface and the water absorbed by the test specimen.c) device able to apply rapid controlled changes of the differential air pressure operatingbetween defined limits (see clause 6.2 and Figure 1 for the sequence of a typical pressurepulse);d) spraying system applying a continuous film of water all over the surface of the testspecimen;The applied amount of water consists of two parts:- run-off water, 1,2
l/(m·min), evenly distributed at the top of the test specimen;- driving rain, 1,5
l/(m2 ·min), evenly distributed over the external surface of the testspecimen.NOTE 2
A spraying device, usually calibrated in litres per minute, which complies withthis requirement is shown in annex A.The distribution of driving rain can be controlled using driv...