ISO 18203:2016 specifies a method of measuring the case hardening depth, surface hardening depth, nitriding hardness depth and total thickness of surface hardening depth obtained, e.g. thermal (flame and induction hardening, electron beam hardening, laser beam hardening, etc.) or thermochemical (carbonitriding, carburizing and hardening, hardening and nitriding, etc.) treatment.

  • Standard
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    17 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies the methods of metallographic determination of the microstructure of
hardmetals using photomicrographs.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document gives guidelines for the measurement of hardmetal grain size by metallographic
techniques only using optical or electron microscopy. It is intended for WC/Co hardmetals (also called
cemented carbides or cermets) containing primarily tungsten carbide (WC1)) as the hard phase. It is
also intended for measuring the grain size and distribution by the linear-intercept technique.
This document essentially covers four main topics:
— calibration of microscopes, to underpin the accuracy of measurements;
— linear analysis techniques, to acquire sufficient statistically meaningful data;
— analysis methods, to calculate representative average values;
— reporting, to comply with modern quality requirements.
This document is supported by a measurement case study to illustrate the recommended techniques
(see Annex A).
This document is not intended for the following:
— measurements of size distribution;
— recommendations on shape measurements. Further research is needed before recommendations
for shape measurement can be given.
Measurements of coercivity are sometimes used for grain-size measurement, however, this document
is concerned only with a metallographic measurement method. It is also written for hardmetals and not
for characterizing powders. However, the method can, in principle, be used for measuring the average
size of powders that are suitably mounted and sectioned.

  • Standard
    24 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document provides a method for the evaluation of the resistance to hydrogen embrittlement (i.e. hydrogen delayed fracture) using constant loading test with hydrogen pre-charged specimens. The amount of hydrogen content absorbed in the specimens is analysed quantitatively by thermal desorption analysis such as gas chromatography, mass spectrometry and so on. In the case of hydrogen continuous charging such as hydrogen absorption in aqueous solution at free corrosion potential, hydrogen absorption in atmospheric corrosion environments and hydrogen absorption in high pressure hydrogen gas, the evaluation method is also briefly described. This method is mainly applicable to the evaluation of hydrogen embrittlement resistance of high strength steel bolts.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document specifies the methods of metallographic determination of the microstructure of hardmetals using photomicrographs.

  • Standard
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    10 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    10 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document gives guidelines for the measurement of hardmetal grain size by metallographic techniques only using optical or electron microscopy. It is intended for WC/Co hardmetals (also called cemented carbides or cermets) containing primarily tungsten carbide (WC[1]) as the hard phase. It is also intended for measuring the grain size and distribution by the linear-intercept technique. This document essentially covers four main topics: — calibration of microscopes, to underpin the accuracy of measurements; — linear analysis techniques, to acquire sufficient statistically meaningful data; — analysis methods, to calculate representative average values; — reporting, to comply with modern quality requirements. This document is supported by a measurement case study to illustrate the recommended techniques (see Annex A). This document is not intended for the following: — measurements of size distribution; — recommendations on shape measurements. Further research is needed before recommendations for shape measurement can be given. Measurements of coercivity are sometimes used for grain-size measurement, however, this document is concerned only with a metallographic measurement method. It is also written for hardmetals and not for characterizing powders. However, the method can, in principle, be used for measuring the average size of powders that are suitably mounted and sectioned. [1] DE: Wolframcarbid, EN: tungsten carbide.

  • Standard
    17 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    18 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    18 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    17 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

EN-ISO 643 specifies a micrographic method of determining apparent ferritic oraustenitic grain size in steels. It describes the methods of revealing grainboundaries and of estimating the mean grain size of specimens with unimodal sizedistribution. Although grains are three-dimensional in shape, the metallographicsectioning plane can cut through a grain at any point from a grain corner, tothe maximum diameter of the grain, thus producing a range of apparent grainsizes on the two-dimensional plane, even in a sample with a perfectly consistentgrain size.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies a micrographic method of determining apparent ferritic or austenitic grain size in steels. It describes the methods of revealing grain boundaries and of estimating the mean grain size of specimens with unimodal size distribution. Although grains are three-dimensional in shape, the metallographic sectioning plane can cut through a grain at any point from a grain corner, to the maximum diameter of the grain, thus producing a range of apparent grain sizes on the two-dimensional plane, even in a sample with a perfectly consistent grain size.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies a micrographic method of determining apparent ferritic or austenitic grain size in steels. It describes the methods of revealing grain boundaries and of estimating the mean grain size of specimens with unimodal size distribution. Although grains are three-dimensional in shape, the metallographic sectioning plane can cut through a grain at any point from a grain corner, to the maximum diameter of the grain, thus producing a range of apparent grain sizes on the two-dimensional plane, even in a sample with a perfectly consistent grain size.

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    21 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This document defines the decarburization and specifies three methods of measuring the depth of
decarburization of steel products.

  • Standard
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 3887:2017 defines the decarburization and specifies three methods of measuring the depth of decarburization of steel products.

  • Standard
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 3887:2017 defines the decarburization and specifies three methods of measuring the depth of decarburization of steel products.

  • Standard
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    13 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This draft European Standard defines a method of microscopic non-metallic endogenous inclusion assessment using picture charts.
The method does not apply to particles of a length or diameter less than 3,0 µm or a width smaller than 2,0 µm. If defined by a product standard or agreement between the involved parties for certain special products, inclusions with a width below 2,0 µm can be evaluated by length alone.Inclusions with dimensions exceeding the upper limits in Table 2 are evaluated as belonging to the maximum class and noted separately with their true dimensions (see 7.5.6).
It is assumed, if particles are elongated or if there are stringers of particles, that they are parallel to each other. Other arrangements are not covered by this draft standard. This draft European Standard applies to samples with a microscopic precipitation approaching random distribution.
From the data of measurements obtained by this method, evaluation according to other standards can be established.
This draft European Standard does not apply to free cutting steels.
NOTE   The basic principle of this draft European Standard allows the determination of non-metallic inclusion content by image analysis techniques.

  • Standard
    81 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This draft European Standard defines a method of microscopic non-metallic endogenous inclusion assessment using picture charts.
The method does not apply to particles of a length or diameter less than 3,0 µm or a width smaller than 2,0 µm. If defined by a product standard or agreement between the involved parties for certain special products, inclusions with a width below 2,0 µm can be evaluated by length alone.Inclusions with dimensions exceeding the upper limits in Table 2 are evaluated as belonging to the maximum class and noted separately with their true dimensions (see 7.5.6).
It is assumed, if particles are elongated or if there are stringers of particles, that they are parallel to each other. Other arrangements are not covered by this draft standard. This draft European Standard applies to samples with a microscopic precipitation approaching random distribution.
From the data of measurements obtained by this method, evaluation according to other standards can be established.
This draft European Standard does not apply to free cutting steels.
NOTE   The basic principle of this draft European Standard allows the determination of non-metallic inclusion content by image analysis techniques.

  • Standard
    81 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 18203:2016 specifies a method of measuring the case hardening depth, surface hardening depth, nitriding hardness depth and total thickness of surface hardening depth obtained, e.g. thermal (flame and induction hardening, electron beam hardening, laser beam hardening, etc.) or thermochemical (carbonitriding, carburizing and hardening, hardening and nitriding, etc.) treatment.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    12 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This part of ISO 4499 specifies methods for the metallographic determination of the presence, type,
and distribution of porosity, uncombined carbon and eta-phase in hardmetals.

  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This part of ISO 4499 gives guidelines for the measurement of microstructural features in Ti(C,N)
based hardmetals and WC/Co hardmetals that contain additional cubic carbides by metallographic
techniques only using optical or electron microscopy. It is intended for sintered hardmetals (also called
cemented carbides or cermets) containing primarily inorganic carbides and nitrides as the hard phase.
It is also intended for measuring the phase size and distribution by the linear intercept technique.

  • Standard
    33 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 4499-4:2016 specifies methods for the metallographic determination of the presence, type, and distribution of porosity, uncombined carbon and eta-phase in hardmetals.

  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 4499-3:2016 gives guidelines for the measurement of microstructural features in Ti(C,N) based hardmetals and WC/Co hardmetals that contain additional cubic carbides by metallographic techniques only using optical or electron microscopy. It is intended for sintered hardmetals (also called cemented carbides or cermets) containing primarily inorganic carbides and nitrides as the hard phase. It is also intended for measuring the phase size and distribution by the linear intercept technique.

  • Standard
    33 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 4499-4:2016 specifies methods for the metallographic determination of the presence, type, and distribution of porosity, uncombined carbon and eta-phase in hardmetals.

  • Standard
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    11 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

ISO 4499-3:2016 gives guidelines for the measurement of microstructural features in Ti(C,N) based hardmetals and WC/Co hardmetals that contain additional cubic carbides by metallographic techniques only using optical or electron microscopy. It is intended for sintered hardmetals (also called cemented carbides or cermets) containing primarily inorganic carbides and nitrides as the hard phase. It is also intended for measuring the phase size and distribution by the linear intercept technique.

  • Standard
    25 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    25 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    27 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

ISO 16574:2015 defines resolvable pearlite and specifies two methods of determining the percentage of resolvable pearlite. The methods are applicable for wire rod made from control cooling steel with carbon content greater than 0,65 % C.

  • Standard
    5 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

ISO 4969:2015 establishes guidelines for the macroscopic examination of steel by hot etching, room temperature etching and electrolytic etching. The method has very wide application. Selection of the type, concentration and temperature of the reagent, the etching apparatus and the conditions of surface preparation of the test piece make it possible to achieve the required aim. NOTE It might be difficult to see fine voids and cracks and discriminate between them and determine their nature by macroetching.

  • Standard
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    9 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

ISO 4967:2013 specifies a micrographic method of determining the non-metallic inclusions in rolled or forged steel products having a reduction ratio of at least 3 using standard diagrams. This method is widely used to assess the suitability of a steel for a given use. However, since it is difficult to achieve reproducible results owing to the influence of the test operator, even with a large number of specimens, precautions should be taken when using the method. ISO 4967:2013 also provides for the determination of non-metallic inclusions by image analysis technologies.

  • Standard
    39 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    40 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This document specifies the methods of metallographic determination of the microstructure of hardmetals using photomicrographs.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document gives guidelines for the measurement of hardmetal grain size by metallographic techniques only using optical or electron microscopy. It is intended for WC/Co hardmetals (also called cemented carbides or cermets) containing primarily tungsten carbide (WC[1]) as the hard phase. It is also intended for measuring the grain size and distribution by the linear-intercept technique.
This document essentially covers four main topics:
—     calibration of microscopes, to underpin the accuracy of measurements;
—     linear analysis techniques, to acquire sufficient statistically meaningful data;
—     analysis methods, to calculate representative average values;
—     reporting, to comply with modern quality requirements.
This document is supported by a measurement case study to illustrate the recommended techniques (see Annex A).
This document is not intended for the following:
—     measurements of size distribution;
—     recommendations on shape measurements. Further research is needed before recommendations for shape measurement can be given.
Measurements of coercivity are sometimes used for grain-size measurement, however, this document is concerned only with a metallographic measurement method. It is also written for hardmetals and not for characterizing powders. However, the method can, in principle, be used for measuring the average size of powders that are suitably mounted and sectioned.
[1] DE: Wolframcarbid, EN: tungsten carbide.

  • Standard
    24 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 18203:2016 specifies a method of measuring the case hardening depth, surface hardening depth, nitriding hardness depth and total thickness of surface hardening depth obtained, e.g. thermal (flame and induction hardening, electron beam hardening, laser beam hardening, etc.) or thermochemical (carbonitriding, carburizing and hardening, hardening and nitriding, etc.) treatment.

  • Standard
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    17 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    37 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    37 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    37 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

Method for determining the hardenability of steel by the end quench, (Jominy test), by using a test piece of 25 mm diameter and 100 mm long.

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    18 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

Method for determining the hardenability of steel by the end quench, (Jominy test), by using a test piece of 25 mm diameter and 100 mm long.

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

Specifies three procedures for estimating, and rules for expressing, the average grain size of copper and copper alloys consisting principally of a single phase. The comparison procedure (comparing the specimen with a standard chart) is most convenient and is sufficiently accurate for most commercial purposes. In cases of dispute the use of the Heyn or Jeffries procedures (intercept procedure and planimetric procedure, respectively) having higher degrees of accuracy is recommended.

  • Standard
    7 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    7 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    7 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

Applies to constituents (a phase as well as a micrographic constituent composed of two or more phases) which are clearly identifiable. The point grid is superimposed a given number of fields of the observed surface. By counting the number of points the volume fraction is calculated.

  • Standard
    4 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    4 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    4 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

Specifies a method for assessing steels with C levels between 0,1 % and 1,5 % and a total content of alloy elements less than or equal to 5 %. The use of this method for other steels shall be subject to special agreement. Contains principles, sampling, preparation of samples, assessment of the distribution of carbides, expression of results and test report. An annex gives reference photomicrographs.

  • Standard
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    10 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    10 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

The Baumann method uses contact printing using silver salts and sulphuric acid. It is applicable to non-alloy and alloy steels and to cast irons of which the sulphur content is less than 0.1 %. Specifies general, principle, products and reagents, test pieces, procedure and test report.

  • Standard
    3 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    3 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    3 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

Specifies an accelerated test for the purpose of detecting the presence of residual (internal) stresses in wrought copper and copper alloy products that might bring about failure of the material in service or storage through stress corrosion cracking. The method is not intended for testing assemblies and partial assemblies. For such use some modifications may be required.

  • Standard
    1 page
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    1 page
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    1 page
    French language
    sale 15% off

Provides a means of assessing the usability in electronic devices, for applications involving glass-to-metal seals, or other uses relying on the formation and presence of an adherent film of copper oxide. The procedure includes preparation and heating in air of a test piece, followed by rapid cooling in water and visual examination for loss of the oxide film or blistering.

  • Standard
    1 page
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    1 page
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    1 page
    French language
    sale 15% off

Macroscopic methods deal with non-metallic inclusions visible to the naked eye or with the aid of a magnifying glass with a magnification of not more than X 10. Only inclusions equal to or greater than 1 mm long are taken into consideration. Covers the blue fracture test method, the step machined test method, the magnetic particle inspection method.

  • Standard
    6 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    6 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    6 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This test is applicable to deoxidized and oxygen-free high-conductivity coppers. ISO 2626 specifies principle, test pieces, and procedure. Embrittlement is revealed by close bending or reverse bending, or by microscopic examination.

  • Standard
    2 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    2 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    2 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

2014-07-28 GVN: Draft for UAP (MINOR REVISION) received at ISO/CS (see ISO notification in Dataservice on 2014-07-28).

  • Draft
    42 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

2020-11-26: WI cancelled. CEN/BT C218/2020
2020-11-16: Request to BT to cancel this WI circulated on 2020-10-28
2019-09-16: TC will launch CIB to withdraw this WI, then a BT decision is needed to drop positive voting results
2016-02-09: WI ON HOLD - ISO WI cancelled at ISO level - ECISS/TC to advise on the future of this project at CEN level.

  • Draft
    42 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

Definition of the effective case depth, and specification of methods for determining this depth in steel.

  • Standard
    8 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This part of ISO 4499 gives guidelines for the measurement of hardmetal grain size by metallographic techniques only using optical or electron microscopy. It is intended for sintered WC/Co hardmetals (also called cemented carbides or cermets) containing primarily WC as the hard phase. It is also intended for measuring the grain size and distribution by the linear-intercept technique. This part of ISO 4499 essentially covers four main topics: - calibration of microscopes, to underpin the accuracy of measurements; - linear analysis techniques, to acquire sufficient statistically meaningful data; - analysis methods, to calculate representative average values; - reporting, to comply with modern quality requirements. The part of ISO 4499 is supported by a measurement case study to illustrate the recommended techniques (see Annex A). Measurements of coercivity are sometimes used for grain-size measurement, but this current guide is concerned only with a metallographic measurement method. It is also written for sintered hardmetals and not for characterising powders. However, the method could, in principle, be used for measuring the average size of powders that are suitably mounted and sectioned.

  • Standard
    24 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    24 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This part of ISO 4499 specifies the methods of metallographic determination of the microstructure of hardmetals using photomicrographs.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This International Standard specifies a micrographic method of determining apparent ferritic or austenitic grain size in steels. It describes the methods of revealing grain boundaries and of estimating the mean grain size of specimens with unimodal size distribution. Although grains are three-dimensional in shape, the metallographic sectioning plane can cut through a grain at any point from a grain corner, to the maximum diameter of the grain, thus producing a range of apparent grain sizes on the two-dimensional plane, even in a sample with a perfectly consistent grain size.

  • Standard
    42 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 643:2012 specifies a micrographic method of determining apparent ferritic or austenitic grain size in steels. It describes the methods of revealing grain boundaries and of estimating the mean grain size of specimens with unimodal size distribution. Although grains are three-dimensional in shape, the metallographic sectioning plane can cut through a grain at any point from a grain corner, to the maximum diameter of the grain, thus producing a range of apparent grain sizes on the two-dimensional plane, even in a sample with a perfectly consistent grain size.

  • Standard
    42 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

Definition of decarburization and specification of three methods of measuring the depth of decarburization of non-alloy and low-alloy steels.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

ISO 3887:2003 defines decarburization and specifies three methods of measuring the depth of decarburization of non-alloy and low-alloy steels.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day