Powered industrial trucks - Visibility - Test methods and verification - Part 1: General requirements

This part of the EN 16842 series gives the common test requirements for powered industrial truck visibility testing and is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842 parts 2 to 17.
The EN 16842 series specify requirements and test procedures of all around visibility of self-propelled industrial trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) in accordance with ISO 5053 1 with a sit-on or stand-on operator, without load, and equipped with fork arms or load platform.
The truck specific requirements in EN 16842 parts 2 to 17 supplement or modify the corresponding clauses of this part EN 16842-1 and provide the relevant requirements for the specific truck.
The visibility test requirements of the applicable part of EN 16842 for each truck type are used to fulfil the visibility requirements of the EN 16307 series.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   industrial, rough terrain variable reach or rough terrain masted lorry mounted trucks;
-    trucks with elevating operator position, when the operating position is elevated above 500 mm;
-   rough terrain variable reach trucks – within the scope of EN 15830;
-   centre controlled order picking trucks (in accordance with 3.16 of ISO 5053 1:2015);
-   pallet truck end controlled (in accordance with 3.15 of ISO 5053 1:2015).
NOTE 1   The following trucks in normal operation have excellent 360° visibility and therefore will not be part of this series of standards:
-   ride on pallet truck;
-   pedestrian controlled pallet truck.
NOTE 2   For trucks equipped with attachments (e.g. clamp), see Clause 9 "Information for use".

Kraftbetriebene Flurförderzeuge - Sichtverhältnisse - Prüfverfahren und Verifikation - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen

Der vorliegende Teil der Normenreihe EN 16842 definiert allgemeine Anforderungen für die Sichtverhältnisprüfung von kraftbetriebenen Flurförderzeugen. Der vorliegende Teil ist zusammen mit den fahrzeugspezifischen Teilen 2 bis 17 von EN 16842 anzuwenden.
Die Normenreihe EN 16842 gibt die Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren zur Rundumsicht bei unbeladenen motorkraftbetriebenen Flurförderzeugen (nachfolgend als „Flurförderzeuge“ bezeichnet) mit Gabelzinken oder Lastplattformen, mit oder ohne Fahrersitz, in Übereinstimmung mit ISO 5053 1 an.
Die spezifischen Anforderungen an Flurförderzeuge nach EN 16842, Teil 2 bis Teil 17, ergänzen bzw. ersetzen die entsprechenden Abschnitte des vorliegenden Teils EN 16842 1 und geben die relevanten Anforderungen für das dort spezifizierte Flurförderzeug an.
Anhand der Anforderungen an die Sichtverhältnisprüfung des für jeden Typ von Flurförderzeugen jeweils anwendbaren Teils von EN 16842 werden die Anforderungen an die Sichtverhältnisse nach der Normenreihe EN 16307 erfüllt.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
-   geländegängige Flurförderzeuge mit veränderlicher Reichweite oder geländegängige Mitnehmstapler mit Mast;
-   Flurförderzeuge mit hebbarem Fahrerplatz, wenn der Fahrerplatz über 500 mm angehoben ist;
-   geländegängige Flurförderzeuge mit veränderlicher Reichweite – innerhalb des Anwendungsbereichs von EN 15830;
-   Niederhubkommissionierer (in Übereinstimmung mit ISO 5053 1:2015, Abschnitt 3.16);
-   Stand-Paletten-Niederhubwagen (in Übereinstimmung mit ISO 5053 1:2015, Abschnitt 3.15).
ANMERKUNG 1   Die folgenden Flurförderzeuge weisen im normalen Betrieb eine ausgezeichnete 360° Rundumsicht auf und sind daher nicht in dieser Normenreihe erfasst:
-   Mitfahr-Niederhubwagen;
-   mitgängergeführte Niederhubwagen.
ANMERKUNG 2   Hinweise zu Flurförderzeugen mit Zusatzeinrichtungen (z. B. Klemmen) können Abschnitt 9 „Benutzerinformation“ entnommen werden.

Chariots de manutention automoteurs - Visibilité - Méthodes d'essai et vérification - Partie 1 : Prescriptions générales

La présente partie de la série EN 16842 donne les prescriptions d'essai communes pour les essais de visibilité relatifs aux chariots de manutention automoteurs et est destinée à être utilisée conjointement avec les EN 16842 parties 2 à 17.
La série EN 16842 spécifie les prescriptions et les modes opératoires relatifs à la visibilité tous azimuts des chariots de manutention automoteurs (ci-après désignés chariots) conformes à l'ISO 5053-1, à conducteur assis ou debout, sans charge et équipés de bras de fourche ou d'une plate-forme de chargement.
Les prescriptions spécifiques au chariot des EN 16842, parties 2 à 17, complètent ou modifient les articles correspondants de la présente partie de l'EN 16842-1 et fournissent les prescriptions appropriées au chariot spécifique.
Les prescriptions de l'essai de visibilité de la partie applicable de l'EN 16842 pour chaque type de chariot sont utilisées pour satisfaire aux prescriptions de visibilité de la série EN 16307.
La présente norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux :
-   chariots de manutention tout-terrain à portée variable ou tout-terrain à mât embarqués sur porteur routier;
-   chariots à poste de conduite élevable, lorsque que la position de conduite est élevée au dessus de 500 mm;
-   chariots tout-terrain à portée variable - relevant du domaine d'application de l'EN 15830 ;
-   préparateurs de commande à poste de conduite au centre (conformes à l'ISO 5053 1:2015, 3.16) ;
-   transpalettes à poste de conduite à l'extrémité (conformes à l'ISO 5053 1:2015, 3.15).
NOTE 1   Les chariots suivants en fonctionnement normal offrent une excellente visibilité sur 360° et ne feront donc pas partie de la présente série de normes :
-   transpalettes à conducteur porté ;
-   transpalettes à conducteur accompagnant.
NOTE 2   Pour les chariots équipés d’accessoires (par exemple, des pinces), voir l’Article 9 "Informations pour l'utilisation".

Vozila za talni transport - Gnana vozila za talni transport - Vidno polje voznika - Preskusna metoda in preverjanje - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Skupina standardov EN 16842 določa zahteve in preskusne postopke za 360-stopinjsko vidno polje voznika samognanih vozil za talni transport, skladnih s standardom ISO/DIS 5053 1, s sedečim ali stoječim upravljavcem, brez tovora ter opremljenih z vilicami ali nakladalno ploščadjo.
Ta del skupine standardov EN 16842 določa splošne zahteve za preskušanje vidnega polja voznika gnanih vozil za talni transport in je predviden za uporabo skupaj z deli 2–X standarda EN 16842.
Posebne zahteve za vozila iz delov 2–X standarda EN 16842 imajo prednost pred ustreznimi zahtevami iz standarda EN 16842-1.
Zahteve veljavnega dela standarda EN 16842 imajo prednost pred zahtevami iz točke 4.12 standarda EN 16307-1.
Ta standard se ne uporablja za:
– vozila z dvižnim položajem upravljavca, kadar je položaj upravljavca dvignjen;
– terenske viličarje z ročico spremenljivega dosega, ki spadajo na področje uporabe standarda EN 15830;
– vozila za prevzem blaga s centralnim upravljanjem v skladu s točko 2.17 standarda ISO/DIS 5053 1;
– paletna vozila z upravljanjem zadaj v skladu s točko 2.16 standarda ISO/DIS 5053 1.
Poleg tega imajo spodnja vozila odlično 360-stopinjsko vidno polje voznika pri običajni uporabi, zato ne bodo del te skupine standardov:
– paletna vozila s sedežem;
– paletna vozila, ki se upravljajo stoje.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-May-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
30-May-2018
Completion Date
30-May-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16842-1:2018
01-oktober-2018

Vozila za talni transport - Gnana vozila za talni transport - Vidno polje voznika -

Preskusna metoda in preverjanje - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Powered industrial trucks - Visibilty - Test method and verification - Part 1: General

requirements

Kraftbetriebene Flurförderzeuge - Sichtverhältnisse - Testmethoden und Verifikation -

Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen

Chariots de manutention automoteurs - Visibilité - Méthodes d'essai et vérification -

Partie 1 : Prescriptions générales
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16842-1:2018
ICS:
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN 16842-1:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 16842-1:2018
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SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.060
English Version
Powered industrial trucks - Visibility - Test methods and
verification - Part 1: General requirements

Chariots de manutention automoteurs - Visibilité - Kraftbetriebene Flurförderzeuge - Sichtverhältnisse -

Méthodes d'essai et vérification - Partie 1 : Testmethoden zur Verifikation - Teil 1: Allgemeine

Prescriptions générales Anforderungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 July 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16842-1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Truck configuration ....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2 Fork height and mast tilt configuration .................................................................................................. 9

4.3 Retractable mast trucks ............................................................................................................................. 10

5 Test equipment ............................................................................................................................................. 10

5.1 Test body ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Lighting equipment ..................................................................................................................................... 12

6 Test procedures for direct visibility...................................................................................................... 15

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

6.2 Lighting equipment position .................................................................................................................... 15

6.3 Test paths ........................................................................................................................................................ 15

6.4 Measurement procedure ........................................................................................................................... 15

7 Test procedures for indirect visibility using auxiliary equipment ............................................ 16

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.2 Requirements for using mirrors ............................................................................................................. 16

7.3 Requirements for using Cameras and / or CCTV systems ............................................................. 16

8 Test Report ..................................................................................................................................................... 16

8.1 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 16

8.2 Test report contents .................................................................................................................................... 17

8.3 Direct visibility .............................................................................................................................................. 18

8.4 Indirect visibility .......................................................................................................................................... 18

9 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex A (informative) Example for the locations of the test paths .......................................................... 19

Annex B (informative) Example of summary visibility test – see part for specific truck

requirement ................................................................................................................................................... 20

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 21

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SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16842-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 150 “Industrial

trucks - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2018 and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by November 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

EN 16842 consists of the following parts under the general title "Powered industrial trucks – Visibility –

Test methods and verification":
— Part 1: General requirements;

— Part 2: Sit-on counterbalance trucks and rough terrain masted trucks up to and including 10 000 kg

capacity;
— Part 3: Reach trucks up to and including 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation);

— Part 4: Variable reach industrial trucks up to and including 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation);

— Part 5: Variable reach industrial trucks greater than 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation);

— Part 6: Sit-on counterbalanced trucks and rough terrain masted trucks greater than 10 000 kg capacity

(in preparation);
— Part 7: Variable reach and masted container handler (in preparation);

— Part 8: Stand on counterbalanced trucks up to and including 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation).

— Part 9: Order-picking, lateral- and front-stacking trucks with elevating operator position

It is intended to develop additional parts related to the following machinery:
— Pallet stacking trucks (rider controlled);
— Burden carrier;
— Tractor (IND Truck);
— Single side loader;
— Multi-directional forklift truck;
— Articulated counterbalanced lift truck;
— Low lift straddle carriers (as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.18);
— High lift straddle carriers (as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.19).

For specific machines covered by other parts in this standard, this European Standard is intended for use

in combination with relevant other parts in the series.
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SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1:2018 (E)

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands,

Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1:2018 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.)

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This part of the EN 16842 series gives the common test requirements for powered industrial truck

visibility testing and is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842 parts 2 to 17.

The EN 16842 series specify requirements and test procedures of all around visibility of self-propelled

industrial trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) in accordance with ISO 5053-1 with a sit-on or stand-

on operator, without load, and equipped with fork arms or load platform.

The truck specific requirements in EN 16842 parts 2 to 17 supplement or modify the corresponding

clauses of this part EN 16842-1 and provide the relevant requirements for the specific truck.

The visibility test requirements of the applicable part of EN 16842 for each truck type are used to fulfil

the visibility requirements of the EN 16307 series.
This European Standard does not apply to:

— industrial, rough terrain variable reach or rough terrain masted lorry mounted trucks;

— trucks with elevating operator position, when the operating position is elevated above 500 mm;

— rough terrain variable reach trucks – within the scope of EN 15830;

— centre controlled order picking trucks (in accordance with 3.16 of ISO 5053-1:2015);

— pallet truck end controlled (in accordance with 3.15 of ISO 5053-1:2015).

NOTE 1 The following trucks in normal operation have excellent 360° visibility and therefore will not be part of

this series of standards:
— ride on pallet truck;
— pedestrian controlled pallet truck.

NOTE 2 For trucks equipped with attachments (e.g. clamp), see Clause 9 "Information for use".

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 3691-1:2015, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1: Self-propelled

industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-carrier trucks (ISO 3691-

1:2011, including Cor 1:2013)

EN ISO 3691-2, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 2: Self-propelled variable-

reach trucks (ISO 3691-2)

EN ISO 3691-3, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 3: Additional requirements

for trucks with elevating operator position and trucks specifically designed to travel with elevated loads (ISO

3691-3)

EN ISO 3691-6, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 6: Burden and personnel

carriers (ISO 3691-6)

EN ISO 5353, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Seat index

point (ISO 5353)
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SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1:2018 (E)

ISO 5053-1, Industrial trucks - Terminology and classification - Part 1: Types of industrial trucks

ISO 16001, Earth-moving machinery - Object detection systems and visibility aids - Performance

requirements and tests
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 5053-1, EN ISO 3691-1,

ISO 3691-2, EN ISO 3691-3 and EN ISO 3691-6, together with the following apply.
3.1
truck profile

contour which is determined by the largest rectangular width and length parallel to the longitudinal axis

of the truck, including the front vertical surface of the fork arms
Note 1 to entry: The blades of the fork arms are not taken into account.

Note 2 to entry: Excludes external projections such as, rail guidance systems, stabilizers or attachments that

extend beyond the profile of the truck.
Note 3 to entry: For width dimension, see Figure A.1 key W.
3.2
standing index point
STIP

perpendicular projection of the mid-axis of the standing operator in the normal operating position in

which the operator is able to control all functions for driving and load handling

Note 1 to entry: Applicable to stand on trucks only, determination of STIP is defined in the applicable parts of this

series of standards.
3.3
adjusted standing index point
ASTIP

location relative to the STIP to simulate body movement of the operator during truck operation

Note 1 to entry: Applicable to stand-on trucks only, determination of ASTIP is defined in the applicable parts of

this series of standards.
3.4
manoeuvring of an industrial truck
motion of an industrial truck at slow speed and for short distances

Note 1 to entry: Manoeuvring may include movements such as operation in narrow aisles, when turning, passing

objects close by, load pick-up and put down, approaching and retreating from loads, and other operations not

included when travelling.
3.5
travelling of an industrial truck

movement of the truck over relatively long distance and open areas at faster speeds than manoeuvring

up to maximum speed
3.6
lighting equipment

system of lights that represent the range of vision including head and body movement

Note 1 to entry: The configuration of the lighting equipment is shown in Figure 4 or Figure 5.

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EN 16842-1:2018 (E)
3.7
test body

rectangular body with 3 sides and top surface that simulates an obstacle, e.g. a person in a stooped

position, and with which the visibility conditions are evaluated
Note 1 to entry: The dimensions of the test body are shown in Figure 2.
3.8
test screen

single surface that simulates an obstruction with which the visibility conditions while travelling forward

are evaluated
3.9
test path

path marked on the floor around the industrial truck to be tested and on which the test body is moved

for the visibility measurement tests
Note 1 to entry: Examples of test paths are shown in Figure 1 and Figure A.1.
Key
1 test path
2 test path end point
3 test body at end point PX.1

4 test body is moved along entire length of test path, not extending past end points

5 test body at end point PX.2
Figure 1 — Example top view of test path
3.10
illuminated area
surface on the test body or test screen that is illuminate
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Vozila za talni transport - Gnana vozila za talni transport - Vidno polje voznika - Preskusna metoda za preverjanje - 1. del: Splošne zahteveKraftbetriebene Flurförderzeuge - Sichtverhältnisse - Testmethoden zur Verifikation - Teil 1: Allgemeine AnforderungenChariots de manutention automoteurs - Visibilité - Méthode d'essai pour la vérification - Partie 1 : Prescriptions généralesPowered industrial trucks - Visibilty - Test method for verification - Part 1: General requirements53.060Industrijski tovornjakiIndustrial trucksICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16842-1:2018SIST EN 16842-1:2018en,fr,de01-oktober-2018SIST EN 16842-1:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16842-1:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16842-1
May
t r s z ICS
w uä r x r English Version
Powered industrial trucks æ Visibility æ Test methods and verification æ Part

sã General requirements Chariots de manutention automoteurs æ Visibilité æ Méthodes d 5essai et vérification æ Partie

s ã Prescriptions générales

Kraftbetriebene Flurförderzeuge æ Sichtverhältnisse æ Testmethoden zur Verifikation æ Teil

sã Allgemeine Anforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on
{ July
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x z v tæ sã t r s z ESIST EN 16842-1:2018

EN 16842-1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Truck configuration ....................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 4.2 Fork height and mast tilt configuration .................................................................................................. 9 4.3 Retractable mast trucks ............................................................................................................................. 10 5 Test equipment ............................................................................................................................................. 10 5.1 Test body ......................................................................................................................................................... 10 5.2 Lighting equipment ..................................................................................................................................... 12 6 Test procedures for direct visibility...................................................................................................... 15 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 6.2 Lighting equipment position .................................................................................................................... 15 6.3 Test paths ........................................................................................................................................................ 15 6.4 Measurement procedure ........................................................................................................................... 15 7 Test procedures for indirect visibility using auxiliary equipment ............................................ 16 7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 7.2 Requirements for using mirrors ............................................................................................................. 16 7.3 Requirements for using Cameras and / or CCTV systems ............................................................. 16 8 Test Report ..................................................................................................................................................... 16 8.1 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 16 8.2 Test report contents .................................................................................................................................... 17 8.3 Direct visibility .............................................................................................................................................. 18 8.4 Indirect visibility .......................................................................................................................................... 18 9 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 18 Annex A (informative)

Example for the locations of the test paths .......................................................... 19 Annex B (informative)

Example of summary visibility test – see part for specific truck requirement ................................................................................................................................................... 20 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 21

SIST EN 16842-1:2018

EN 16842-1:2018 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 16842-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 150 “Industrial trucks - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2018 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. EN 16842 consists of the following parts under the general title "Powered industrial trucks – Visibility – Test methods and verification": — Part 1: General requirements; — Part 2: Sit-on counterbalance trucks and rough terrain masted trucks up to and including 10 000 kg

capacity; — Part 3: Reach trucks up to and including 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation); — Part 4: Variable reach industrial trucks up to and including 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation); — Part 5: Variable reach industrial trucks greater than 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation); — Part 6: Sit-on counterbalanced trucks and rough terrain masted trucks greater than 10 000 kg capacity (in

preparation); — Part 7: Variable reach and masted container handler (in preparation); — Part 8: Stand on counterbalanced trucks up to and including 10 000 kg capacity (in preparation). — Part 9: Order-picking, lateral- and front-stacking trucks with elevating operator position It is intended to develop additional parts related to the following machinery: — Pallet stacking trucks (rider controlled); — Burden carrier; — Tractor (IND Truck); — Single side loader; — Multi-directional forklift truck; — Articulated counterbalanced lift truck; — Low lift straddle carriers (as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.18); — High lift straddle carriers (as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.19). For specific machines covered by other parts in this standard, this European Standard is intended for use in combination with relevant other parts in the series. SIST EN 16842-1:2018

EN 16842-1:2018 (E) 4 According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16842-1:2018

EN 16842-1:2018 (E) 5 Introduction This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100. This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market players with regard to machinery safety: — machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises); — health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.) Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the above-mentioned stakeholder groups: — machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises); — machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs); — service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises); — consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers). The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting process of this document. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document. When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C standard. SIST EN 16842-1:2018

EN 16842-1:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope This part of the EN 16842 series gives the common test requirements for powered industrial truck visibility testing and is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842 parts 2 to 17. The EN 16842 series specify requirements and test procedures of all around visibility of self-propelled industrial trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) in accordance with ISO 5053-1 with a sit-on or stand-on operator, without load, and equipped with fork arms or load platform. The truck specific requirements in EN 16842 parts 2 to 17 supplement or modify the corresponding clauses of this part EN 16842-1 and provide the relevant requirements for the specific truck. The visibility test requirements of the applicable part of EN 16842 for each truck type are used to fulfil the visibility requirements of the EN 16307 series. This European Standard does not apply to: — industrial, rough terrain variable reach or rough terrain masted lorry mounted trucks; —

trucks with elevating operator position, when the operating position is elevated above 500 mm; — rough terrain variable reach trucks – within the scope of EN 15830; — centre controlled order picking trucks (in accordance with 3.16 of ISO 5053-1:2015); — pallet truck end controlled (in accordance with 3.15 of ISO 5053-1:2015). NOTE 1 The following trucks in normal operation have excellent 360° visibility and therefore will not be part of this series of standards: — ride on pallet truck; — pedestrian controlled pallet truck. NOTE 2 For trucks equipped with attachments (e.g. clamp), see Clause 9 "Information for use". 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN ISO 3691-1:2015, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1: Self-propelled industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-carrier trucks (ISO 3691-1:2011, including Cor 1:2013) EN ISO 3691-2, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 2: Self-propelled variable-reach trucks (ISO 3691-2) EN ISO 3691-3, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 3: Additional requirements for trucks with elevating operator position and trucks specifically designed to travel with elevated loads (ISO 3691-3) EN ISO 3691-6, Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 6: Burden and personnel carriers (ISO 3691-6) EN ISO 5353, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Seat index point (ISO 5353) SIST EN 16842-1:2018

EN 16842-1:2018 (E) 7 ISO 5053-1, Industrial trucks - Terminology and classification - Part 1: Types of industrial trucks ISO 16001, Earth-moving machinery - Object detection systems and visibility aids - Performance requirements and tests 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 5053-1, EN ISO 3691-1, ISO 3691-2, EN ISO 3691-3 and EN ISO 3691-6, together with the following apply. 3.1 truck profile contour which is determined by the largest rectangular width and length parallel to the longitudinal axis of the truck, including the front vertical surface of the fork arms Note 1 to entry: The blades of the fork arms are not taken into account. Note 2 to entry: Excludes external projections such as, rail guidance systems, stabilizers or attachments that extend beyond the profile of the truck. Note 3 to entry: For width dimension, see Figure A.1 key W. 3.2 standing index point STIP perpendicular projection of the mid-axis of the standing operator in the normal operating position in which the operator is able to control all functions for driving and load handling Note 1 to entry: Applicable to stand on trucks only, determination of STIP is defined in the applicable parts of this series of standards. 3.3 adjusted standing index point ASTIP location relative to the STIP to simulate body movement of the operator during truck operation Note 1 to entry: Applicable to stand-on trucks only, determination of ASTIP is defined in the applicable parts of this series of standards. 3.4 manoeuvring of an industrial truck motion of an industrial truck at slow speed and for short distances Note 1 to entry: Manoeuvring may include movements such as operation in narrow aisles, when turning, passing objects close by, load pick-up and put down, approaching and retreating from loads, and other operations not included when travelling. 3.5 travelling of an industrial truck movement of the truck over relatively long distance and open areas at faster speeds than manoeuvring up to maximum speed 3.6 lighting equipment system of lights that represent the range of vision including head and body movement Note 1 to entry: The configuration of the lighting equipment is shown in Figure 4 or Figure 5. SIST EN 16842-1:2018

EN 16842-1:2018 (E) 8 3.7 test body rectangular body with 3 sides and top surface that simulates an obstacle, e.g. a person in a stooped position, and with which the visibility conditions are evaluated Note 1 to entry: The dimensions of the test body are shown in Figure 2. 3.8 test screen single surface that simulates an obstruction with which the visibility conditions while travelling forward are evaluated 3.9 test path path marked on the floor around the industrial truck to be tested and on which the test body is moved for the visibility measurement tests Note 1 to entry:

Examples of test paths are shown in Figure 1 and Figure A.1.

Key 1 test path 2 test path end point 3 test body at end point PX.1 4 test body is moved along entire length of test path, not extending past end points 5 test body at end point PX.2 Figure 1 — Example top view o

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