Textiles - Natural fibres - Generic names and definitions (ISO 6938:2012)

This International Standard gives the generic names and the definitions of the most important natural fibres according to their specific constitution or origin.
An alphabetical list of names in common use is provided, together with the corresponding standardized denominations.

Textilien - Naturfasern - Gattungsnamen und Definitionen (ISO 6938:2012)

Diese Internationale Norm gibt die Gattungsnamen und Definitionen der wichtigsten Naturfasern entsprechend deren spezifischer Struktur oder Herkunft an.
Es wird eine alphabetische Liste der allgemein verwendeten Namen zusammen mit den entsprechenden genormten Bezeichnungen aufgeführt.

Textiles - Fibres naturelles - Noms génériques et définitions (ISO 6938:2012)

La présente Norme internationale donne les noms génériques des principales fibres naturelles et leurs définitions, selon leur constitution ou leurs provenance propre. Une liste alphabétique des noms couramment employés est fournie avec les noms génériques normalisés correspondants.

Tekstilije - Naravna vlakna - Generična imena in definicije (ISO 6938:2012)

Podaja generična imena in definicije za naravna vlakna.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
04-Nov-2014
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
05-Nov-2014
Completion Date
05-Nov-2014

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 6938:2014 - natisnjeno za čitalnico
English language
16 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
01-december-2014
7HNVWLOLMH1DUDYQDYODNQD*HQHULþQDLPHQDLQGHILQLFLMH ,62
Textiles - Natural fibres - Generic names and definitions (ISO 6938:2012)
Textilien - Naturfasern - Gattungsnamen und Definitionen (ISO 6938:2012)
Textiles - Fibres naturelles - Noms génériques et définitions (ISO 6938:2012)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 6938:2014
ICS:
01.040.59 Tekstilna in usnjarska Textile and leather
tehnologija (Slovarji) technology (Vocabularies)
59.060.10 Naravna vlakna Natural fibres
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 6938
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2014
ICS 01.040.59; 59.060.10
English Version
Textiles - Natural fibres - Generic names and definitions (ISO
6938:2012)

Textiles - Fibres naturelles - Noms génériques et définitions Textilien - Naturfasern - Gattungsnamen und Definitionen

(ISO 6938:2012) (ISO 6938:2012)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 18 October 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 6938:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
EN ISO 6938:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
EN ISO 6938:2014 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 6938:2012 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/38 “Textiles” of the International

Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 6938:2014 by Technical

Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products” the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by May 2015.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 6938:2012 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 6938:2014 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 6938
Second edition
2012-07-01
Textiles — Natural fibres — Generic
names and definitions
Textiles — Fibres naturelles — Noms génériques et définitions
Reference number
ISO 6938:2012(E)
ISO 2012
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
ISO 6938:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2012

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s

member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
ISO 6938:2012(E)
Contents  Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................................iv

1  Scope ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2  Types of fibres ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.1  Natural fibres ........................................................................................................................................................ 1

2.2  Animal fibres ......................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.3  Vegetable fibres ................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.4  Mineral fibres ........................................................................................................................................................ 1

3  Fibre generic names ........................................................................................................................................... 2

3.1  Animal fibres ......................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2  Vegetable fibres ................................................................................................................................................... 4

3.3  Mineral fibres ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

4  List of common names, equivalent generic names and corresponding index number ................. 6

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
ISO 6938:2012(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International

Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 6938 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38, Textiles.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 6938:1984), which has been technically revised.

iv © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 6938:2012(E)
Textiles — Natural fibres — Generic names and definitions
1  Scope

This International Standard gives the generic names and the definitions of the most important natural fibres

according to their specific constitution or origin.

An alphabetical list of names in common use is provided, together with the corresponding standardized

denominations.
2  Types of fibres
2.1  Natural fibres

Natural fibres are fibres which occur in nature; they can be categorized according to their origin into animal,

vegetable and mineral fibres.
2.2  Animal fibres
These include in particular:

— fibres from silk glands, secreted by some insects, perticularly by larvae of the lepidopter order, in the form

of two filaments of fibroin cemented together by sericin;
— fibres secreted by some molluscs;

— fibres from hair follicles, with a multicellular structure, composed of keratin, forming the fleece, the coat,

the mane or the tail of certain animals.
2.3  Vegetable fibres
These include in particular:

— fibres from seeds: single-cell structure, generated by the epidermal cells of the seed, almost entirely

constituted of cellulose;

— fibres from bast: composite fibres obtained from the bast of certain plants, mainly constituted of cellulose

and accompanied with incrusting and intercellular materials (pectin bodies, hemicellulose, lignin);

— fibres from leaf: composite fibres obtained from leaves, constituted chiefly of cellulose plus incrusting and

intercellular materials, consisting of lignin and hemicelluloses;

— fibres from fruit: composite fibres obtained from fruit, constituted chiefly of cellulose plus incrusting and

intercellular materials, consisting of lignin and hemicelluloses.
2.4  Mineral fibres

Mineral fibres are obtained from rocks of fibrous structure, constituted principally of silicates.

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 6938:2014
ISO 6938:2012(E)
3  Fibre generic names
3.1  Animal fibres
3.1.1  Fibres from silk glands
Number Generic name Definition
3.1.1.1 SILK Fibre extruded by the
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.