Industrial communication networks - Fieldbus specifications - Part 1: Overview and guidance for the IEC 61158 and IEC 61784 series

Supersedes CLC/TR 61158-1:2008

Industrielle Kommunikationsnetze - Feldbusse - Teil 1: Überblick und Leitfaden zu den Normen der Reihe IEC 61158 und IEC 61784

Industrijska komunikacijska omrežja - Specifikacije za procesna vodila - 1. del: Pregled in navodila za skupini IEC 61158 in IEC 61784 (IEC/TR 61158-1:2010)

To tehnično poročilo predstavlja pregled in vodilo za skupino IEC 61158: - z razlago strukture in vsebine skupine IEC 61158; - s povezovanjem  strukture skupine IEC 61158 z ISO/IEC 7498 OSI osnovnim referenčnim modelom; - s prikazom logične strukture skupine IEC 61784; - s prikazom, kako uporabiti dele skupine IEC 61158 v kombinaciji s skupino IEC 61784; z zagotovitvijo razlag nekaterih vidikov skupine IEC 61158, ki so skupni delom skupine IEC 61158-5.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
14-Oct-2010
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Parallel Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Completion Date
15-Oct-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
01-januar-2011
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2009
Industrijska komunikacijska omrežja - Specifikacije za procesna vodila - 1. del:
Pregled in navodila za skupini IEC 61158 in IEC 61784 (IEC/TR 61158-1:2010)

Industrial communication networks - Fieldbus specifications - Part 1: Overview and

guidance for the IEC 61158 and IEC 61784 series (IEC/TR 61158-1:2010)

Industrielle Kommunikationsnetze - Feldbusse - Teil 1: Überblick und Leitfaden zu den

Normen der Reihe IEC 61158 und IEC 61784 (IEC/TR 61158-1:2010)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CLC/TR 61158-1:2010
ICS:
25.040.40 Merjenje in krmiljenje Industrial process
industrijskih postopkov measurement and control
35.110 Omreževanje Networking
SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
TECHNICAL REPORT
CLC/TR 61158-1
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
October 2010
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
ICS 25.040; 35.100; 35.240.50 Supersedes CLC/TR 61158-1:2008
English version
Industrial communication networks -
Fieldbus specifications -
Part 1: Overview and guidance for the IEC 61158 and IEC 61784 series
(IEC/TR 61158-1:2010)
Industrielle Kommunikationsnetze -
Feldbusse -
Teil 1: Überblick und Leitfaden zu den
Normen der Reihe IEC 61158 und
IEC 61784
(IEC/TR 61158-1:2010)
This Technical Report was approved by CENELEC on 2010-09-01.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2010 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. CLC/TR 61158-1:2010 E
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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
CLC/TR 61158-1:2010 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of the Technical Report IEC/TR 61158-1:2010, prepared by SC 65C, Industrial networks, of

IEC TC 65, Industrial-process measurement, control and automation, was submitted to vote and was

approved by CENELEC as CLC/TR 61158-1 on 2010-09-01.
This Technical Report supersedes CLC/TR 61158-1:2008.

This edition includes the following significant changes with respect to CLC/TR 61158-1:2008:

− Updates of the references to the EN 61158 series, EN 61784-1, EN 61784-3, EN 61784-5 series and

EN 61918 throughout the document;
− new Type 21 and the related profile family CPF 17;
− new Type 22 and the related profile family CPF 18.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN and CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
__________
Endorsement notice

The text of the Technical Report IEC/TR 61158-1:2010 was approved by CENELEC as a Technical Report

without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 61158-3-1:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-1:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-2:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-2:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-3:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-3:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-4:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-4:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-7:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-7:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-8:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-8:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-11:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-11:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-13:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-31:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-16:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-16:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-17:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-17:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-3-18:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-3-18:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-4-1:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-4-1:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-4-4:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-4-4:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-4-7:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-4-7:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-4-8:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-4-8:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-4-13:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-4-13:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-4-16:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-4-16:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-4-17:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-4-17:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-4:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-4:2008 (not modified).
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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
- 3 - CLC/TR 61158-1:2010
IEC 61158-5-5:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-5:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-7:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-7:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-8:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-8:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-9:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-9:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-11:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-11:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-13:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-13:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-16:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-16:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-5-17:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-5-17:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-6-4:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-6-4:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-6-5:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-6-5:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-6-7:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-6-7:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-6-8:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-6-8:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-6-13:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-6-13:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-6-16:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-6-16:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61158-6-17:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61158-6-17:2008 (not modified).
IEC 61508 series NOTE Harmonized in EN 61508 series (not modified).
IEC 61784-3:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-1:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-1:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-2:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-2:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-3:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-3:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-6:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-6:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-8:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-8:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-12:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-12:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-13:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-13:2010 (not modified).
IEC 61784-3-14:2010 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61784-3-14:2010 (not modified).
__________
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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
IEC/TR 61158-1
Edition 3.0 2010-08
TECHNICAL
REPORT
colour
inside
Industrial communication networks – Fieldbus specifications –
Part 1: Overview and guidance for the IEC 61158 and IEC 61784 series
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
PRICE CODE
ICS 25.040; 35.100; 35.240.50 ISBN 978-2-88912-137-3
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
– 2 – TR 61158-1 © IEC:2010(E)
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................5

1 Scope...............................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................7

3 Abbreviations ...................................................................................................................7

4 Guidelines for implementers and users.............................................................................7

4.1 Background and purpose.........................................................................................7

4.2 Supported options ...................................................................................................8

4.3 Benefits from using a common and formal style.......................................................8

5 Concept of the IEC 61158 series ......................................................................................9

6 Mapping onto the OSI Basic Reference Model................................................................10

6.1 Overview ...............................................................................................................10

6.2 Physical layer service and protocol........................................................................11

6.3 Data-link layer service...........................................................................................12

6.4 Data-link layer protocol .........................................................................................13

6.5 Application layer service........................................................................................13

6.6 Application layer protocol ......................................................................................14

7 Structure of IEC 61158 and IEC 61784 series.................................................................15

7.1 The IEC 61158 physical layer ................................................................................15

7.2 The IEC 61158 data-link layer ...............................................................................15

7.3 The IEC 61158 application layer............................................................................16

7.4 IEC 61784-1 and IEC 61784-2 fieldbus profiles .....................................................16

7.5 IEC 61784-3 functional safety communication profiles ...........................................20

7.6 IEC 61784-5 installation profiles............................................................................21

8 Brief summary of the characteristics of each service and protocol for each type of

fieldbus ..........................................................................................................................23

8.1 Summary of the physical layer service and protocol characteristics .......................23

8.1.1 Type 1: media............................................................................................23

8.1.2 Type 2: Coaxial wire and optical media......................................................23

8.1.3 Type 3: Twisted-pair wire and optical media ..............................................23

8.1.4 Type 4: Wire medium.................................................................................24

8.1.5 Type 5: Wire and optical media .................................................................24

8.1.6 Type 7: Wire and optical media .................................................................24

8.1.7 Type 8: Twisted-pair wire and optical media ..............................................24

8.1.8 Type 10: Wire and optical media................................................................24

8.1.9 Type 11: Wire and optical media................................................................24

8.1.10 Type 12: Wire and optical media................................................................24

8.1.11 Type 13: Wire and optical media................................................................24

8.1.12 Type 14: Wire and optical media................................................................24

8.1.13 Type 15: Wire and optical media................................................................24

8.1.14 Type 16: Optical media..............................................................................25

8.1.15 Type 17: Wire and optical media................................................................25

8.1.16 Type 18 media...........................................................................................25

8.1.17 Type 19: Wire and optical media................................................................25

8.2 Summary of data-link layer service characteristics ................................................25

8.3 Summary of data-link layer protocol characteristics ...............................................26

8.4 Summary of application layer service characteristics .............................................28

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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
TR 61158-1 © IEC:2010(E) – 3 –

8.5 Summary of application layer protocol characteristics............................................29

9 Application layer service description concepts ................................................................31

9.1 Overview ...............................................................................................................31

9.2 Architectural relationships .....................................................................................32

9.2.1 Relationship to the application layer of the OSI Basic Reference

Model ........................................................................................................32

9.2.2 Relationships to other fieldbus entities ......................................................32

9.3 Fieldbus application layer structure .......................................................................34

9.3.1 Overview ...................................................................................................34

9.3.2 Fundamental concepts...............................................................................34

9.3.3 Fieldbus application processes..................................................................34

9.3.4 Application process objects .......................................................................38

9.3.5 Application entities ....................................................................................40

9.3.6 Fieldbus application service elements........................................................40

9.3.7 Application relationships............................................................................44

9.4 Fieldbus application layer naming and addressing.................................................46

9.4.1 General .....................................................................................................46

9.4.2 Identifying objects accessed through the FAL ............................................46

9.4.3 Addressing APs accessed through the FAL ...............................................47

9.5 Architecture summary............................................................................................47

9.6 Notional FAL service procedures ...........................................................................47

9.6.1 Notional FAL confirmed service procedures...............................................47

9.6.2 Notional FAL unconfirmed service procedures ...........................................48

9.7 Common FAL attributes.........................................................................................48

9.8 Common FAL service parameters..........................................................................49

9.9 APDU size.............................................................................................................50

10 Data type ASE................................................................................................................50

10.1 Overview ...............................................................................................................50

10.1.1 General .....................................................................................................50

10.1.2 Overview of basic types.............................................................................51

10.1.3 Overview of fixed-length types...................................................................52

10.1.4 Overview of constructed types...................................................................52

10.1.5 Specification of user-defined data types ....................................................52

10.1.6 Transfer of user data .................................................................................53

10.2 Formal definition of data type objects ....................................................................53

10.2.1 Data type class..........................................................................................53

Annex A (informative) Trade name declarations...................................................................55

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................57

Figure 1 – Generic fieldbus network........................................................................................9

Figure 2 – Concept of DL/AL to separate service and protocol parts .....................................10

Figure 3 – Basic fieldbus reference model ............................................................................11

Figure 4 – General model of physical layer ...........................................................................12

Figure 5 – Relationship of the IEC 61158-3 and IEC 61158-4 series to other fieldbus

layers and to users of the fieldbus data-link service ..............................................................13

Figure 6 – Relationship of the IEC 61158-5 and IEC 61158-6 series to other fieldbus

layers and to users of the fieldbus application service...........................................................14

Figure 7 – Structure of communication profile families ..........................................................17

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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
– 4 – TR 61158-1 © IEC:2010(E)

Figure 8 – Example of a CPF structure .................................................................................18

Figure 9 – Document structure of IEC 61918 and the IEC 61784-5 series .............................22

Figure 10 – Relationship to the OSI Basic Reference Model .................................................32

Figure 11 – Architectural positioning of the fieldbus application layer....................................33

Figure 12 – Client/server interactions....................................................................................35

Figure 13 – Pull model interactions .......................................................................................36

Figure 14 – Push model interactions .....................................................................................37

Figure 15 – APOs services conveyed by the FAL ..................................................................38

Figure 16 – Application entity structure .................................................................................40

Figure 17 – Example FAL ASEs ............................................................................................42

Figure 18 – FAL management of objects ...............................................................................42

Figure 19 – ASE service conveyance....................................................................................43

Figure 20 – Defined and established AREPs.........................................................................46

Figure 21 – FAL architectural components ............................................................................47

Figure 22 – Data-type class hierarchy example.....................................................................51

Table 1 – OSI and IEC 61158 layers .....................................................................................11

Table 2 – CPF, CP, and type relations ..................................................................................19

Table 3 – Types of timeliness defined for publisher/subscriber interactions...........................37

Table A.1 – Trade names of CPFs and CPs ..........................................................................55

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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
TR 61158-1 © IEC:2010(E) – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
INDUSTRIAL COMMUNICATION NETWORKS –
FIELDBUS SPECIFICATIONS –
Part 1: Overview and guidance
for the IEC 61158 and IEC 61784 series
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

The main task of IEC technical committees is to prepare International Standards. However, a

technical committee may propose the publication of a technical report when it has collected

data of a different kind from that which is normally published as an International Standard, for

example "state of the art".

NOTE Use of some of the associated protocol types is restricted by their intellectual-property-right holders. In all

cases, the commitment to limited release of intellectual-property-rights made by the holders of those rights permits

a particular data-link layer protocol Type to be used with physical layer and application layer protocols in Type

combinations as specified explicitly in its profile parts. Use of the various protocol types in other combinations may

require permission of their respective intellectual-property-right holders.

IEC 61158-1, which is a technical report, has been prepared by subcommittee 65C: Industrial

networks, of IEC technical committee 65: Industrial-process measurement, control and

automation.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2007. It constitutes a

technical revision.
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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
– 6 – TR 61158-1 © IEC:2010(E)

This edition includes the following significant changes with respect to the previous edition:

• Updates of the references to the IEC 61158 series, IEC 61784-1, IEC 61784-3,
IEC 61784-5 series and IEC 61918 throughout the document;
• new Type 21 and the related profile family CPF 17;
• new Type 22 and the related profile family CPF 18.
The text of this technical report is based on the following documents:
Enquiry draft Report on voting
65C/590A/DTR 65C/608/RVC

Full information on the voting for the approval of this technical report can be found in the

report on voting indicated in the above table.
This publication has been drafted in accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all the parts in the IEC 61158 series, published under the general title Industrial

communication networks – Fieldbus specifications, can be found on the IEC web site.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed;
• withdrawn;
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

NOTE The revision of this technical report will be synchronized with the other parts of the IEC 61158 series.

A bilingual version of this publication may be issued at a later date.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
TR 61158-1 © IEC:2010(E) – 7 –
INDUSTRIAL COMMUNICATION NETWORKS –
FIELDBUS SPECIFICATIONS –
Part 1: Overview and guidance
for the IEC 61158 and IEC 61784 series
1 Scope

This technical report presents an overview and guidance for the IEC 61158 series by:

• explaining the structure and content of the IEC 61158 series;

• relating the structure of the IEC 61158 series to the ISO/IEC 7498 OSI Basic Reference

Model;
• showing the logical structure of the IEC 61784 series;

• showing how to use parts of the IEC 61158 series in combination with the IEC 61784

series;

• providing explanations of some aspects of the IEC 61158 series that are common to the

parts of the IEC 61158-5 series.
2 Normative references
None
3 Abbreviations

For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviations, based partially on the

concepts developed in ISO/IEC 7498-1, apply:
AL Application layer (N = 7)
AR Application relationship
AREP Application relationship endpoint
DL- Data-link layer (as a prefix)
DLL Data-link layer (N = 2)
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IP Internet Protocol (see RFC 791)
(n)-layer Layer n of the OSI Basic Reference Model
OSI Open systems interconnection
Ph- Physical layer (as a prefix)
PhL Physical layer (N = 1)
4 Guidelines for implementers and users
4.1 Background and purpose

Communication in global markets requires a global understanding of a specification (standard

or not). ISO/OSI related specifications provide a common basis for understanding and

acceptance between international experts (manufacturers and end-users). Examples are

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SIST-TP CLC/TR 61158-1:2011
– 8 – TR 61158-1 © IEC:2010(E)
• ISO/IEC 7498 series for general layering and structuring;
• ISO/IEC 9545 for general application layer modeling;
• ISO/IEC 8886 for data-link layer modeling.

The IEC 61158 series specifies a number of different fieldbus types in each of the parts of the

series (part 2 and the parts of part 3 through part 6). As a result of the editorial harmonization

work done by IEC, each PhL, DLL and AL specification within IEC 61158 is shown in a

homogeneous way. The description of each layer offers, as far as possible, common views,

concepts, definitions, and descriptive methods.

This common approach has been adopted to assist users and implementers in understanding

the several specifications. It is also intended to assist in comparing available products and

their communications-related features.
4.2 Supported options
Most of the fieldbus types spe
...

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