Railway applications - Fixed installations - Electrical safety, earthing and the return circuit - Part 2: Provisions against the effects of stray currents caused by d.c. traction systems

This European Standard specifies requirements for protective provisions against the effects of stray currents, which result from the operation of d.c. traction systems. As experience for several decades has not shown evident corrosion effects from a.c. traction systems and actual investigations are not completed, this European Standard only deals with stray currents flowing from a d.c. traction system. This European Standard applies to all metallic fixed installations which form part of the traction system, and also to any other metallic components located in any position in the earth, which can carry stray currents resulting from the operation of the railway system. This European Standard applies to all new d.c. lines and to all major revisions to existing d.c. lines. The principles may also be applied to existing electrified transportation systems where it is necessary to consider the effects of stray currents. It provides design requirements to allow maintenance. The range of application includes: a) railways, b) guided mass transport systems such as: 1) tramways, 2) elevated and underground railways, 3) mountain railways, 4) trolleybus systems, and 5) magnetically levitated systems, which use a contact line system, c) material transportation systems. This European Standard does not apply to: d) mine traction systems in underground mines, e) cranes, transportable platforms and similar transportation equipment on rails, temporary structures (e.g. exhibition structures) in so far as these are not supplied directly from the contact line system and are not endangered by the traction power supply system, f) suspended cable cars, g) funicular railways. This European Standard does not specify working rules for maintenance.

Bahnanwendungen - Ortsfeste Anlagen - Elektrische Sicherheit, Erdung und Rückleitung - Teil 2: Schutzmaßnahmen gegen Streustromwirkungen durch Gleichstrombahnen

Applications ferroviaires - Installations fixes - Sécurité électrique, mise à la terre et circuit de retour - Partie 2: Mesures de protection contre les effets des courants vagabonds issus de la traction électrique à courant continu

Železniške naprave - Stabilne naprave električne vleke - 2. del: Zaščitni ukrepi proti učinkom blodečih tokov, ki jih povzročajo enosmerni vlečni sistemi

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za zaščitne ukrepe proti učinkom blodečih tokov, ki nastajajo pri obratovanju enosmernih vlečnih sistemov. Ker večdesetletne izkušnje niso pokazale, da bi izmenični vlečni sistemi povzročali očitno korozijo, in trenutne preiskave še niso zaključene, ta evropski standard obravnava le blodeče tokove, ki jih povzročajo enosmerni vlečni sistemi. Ta evropski standard velja za vse kovinske pritrjene inštalacije, ki so del vlečnega sistema, in za vse druge kovinske komponente, kakor koli nameščene v ozemljitvi, ki lahko prenašajo blodeče tokove, ki nastajajo pri obratovanju železniškega sistema. Ta evropski standard velja za vse nove enosmerne vode in za vse večje prenove obstoječih enosmernih vodov. Načela lahko veljajo tudi za obstoječe elektrificirane prevozne sisteme, pri katerih je treba upoštevati učinke blodečih tokov. Zagotavlja zahteve za oblike, ki omogočajo vzdrževanje. Obseg aplikacij vključuje: a) železniške proge, b) vodene masovne prevozne sisteme, kot so: 1) tramvajske proge, 2) nadzemne in podzemne železnice, 3) gorske železnice, 4) trolejbusni sistemi in 5) sistemi z magnetnim lebdenjem, ki uporabljajo sistem voznih vodov, c) sisteme za prevoz materiala. Ta evropski standard ne velja za: d) rudniške vlečne sisteme v podzemnih rudnikih, e) žerjave, prenosne platforme in podobno opremo za prevoz po tirih, začasne strukture (npr. razstavne strukture), če ne prihajajo neposredno s sistema voznih vodov in jih ne ogroža napajanje sistema vleke, f) viseče kabinske žičnice, g) vzpenjače. Ta evropski standard ne določa delovnih pravil za vzdrževanje.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Oct-2010
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
01-Apr-2011
Completion Date
15-Oct-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
01-december-2010
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 50122-2:1998
SIST EN 50122-2:1998/A1:2003

äHOH]QLãNHQDSUDYH6WDELOQHQDSUDYHHOHNWULþQHYOHNHGHO=DãþLWQLXNUHSLSURWL

XþLQNRPEORGHþLKWRNRYNLMLKSRY]URþDMRHQRVPHUQLYOHþQLVLVWHPL

Railway applications - Fixed installations - Electrical safety, earthing and bonding - Part

2: Provisions against the effects of stray currents caused by d.c. traction systems

Bahnanwendungen - Ortsfeste Anlagen - Elektrische Sicherheit, Erdung und

Rückstromführung - Teil 2: Schutzmaßnahmen in Bezug auf elektrische Sicherheit und

Erdung

Applications ferroviaires - Installations fixes - Sécurité électrique, dispositions pour les

courants de retour et mise à la terre - Partie 2: Mesures de protection contre les effets

des courants vagabonds issus de la traction électrique à courant continu
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 50122-2:2010
ICS:
13.260 9DUVWYRSUHGHOHNWULþQLP Protection against electric
XGDURP'HORSRGQDSHWRVWMR shock. Live working
29.280 (OHNWULþQDYOHþQDRSUHPD Electric traction equipment
SIST EN 50122-2:2010 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 50122-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2010
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 29.120.50; 29.280 Supersedes EN 50122-2:1998 + corr. Aug.2001 + A1:2002
English version
Railway applications -
Fixed installations -
Electrical safety, earthing and the return circuit -
Part 2: Provisions against the effects of stray currents caused by d.c.
traction systems
Applications ferroviaires - Bahnanwendungen -
Installations fixes - Ortsfeste Anlagen -
Sécurité électrique, mise à la terre et Elektrische Sicherheit, Erdung und
circuit de retour - Rückleitung -
Partie 2: Mesures de protection contre les Teil 2: Schutzmaßnahmen gegen
effets des courants vagabonds issus de la Streustromwirkungen durch Gleichstrom-
traction électrique à courant continu Zugförderungssysteme

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2010-10-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2010 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 50122-2:2010 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
EN 50122-2:2010 – 2 –
Foreword

This European Standard was prepared by SC 9XC, Electric supply and earthing systems for public

transport equipment and ancillary apparatus (Fixed installations), of Technical Committee CENELEC

TC 9X, Electrical and electronic applications for railways. It was submitted to the formal vote and was

approved by CENELEC as EN 50122-2 on 2010-10-01.
This document supersedes EN 50122-2:1998 + A1:2002.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN and CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
The following dates were fixed:
– latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2011-10-01
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting
with the EN have to be withdrawn (dow) 2013-10-01

This draft European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CENELEC by the

European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and covers essential requirements

of EC Directives 96/48/EC (HSR), 2001/16/EC (CONRAIL) and 2008/57/EC (RAIL). See Annex ZZ.

______________
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
– 3 – EN 50122-2:2010
Contents

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................... 6

4 Identification of hazards and risks ............................................................................................... 6

5 Criteria for stray current assessment and acceptance .............................................................. 7

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Criteria for the protection of the tracks ................................................................................... 7

5.3 Criteria for systems with metal reinforced concrete or metallic structures ............................. 8

5.4 Specific investigations and measures .................................................................................... 8

6 Design provisions ........................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Return circuit .......................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Non-traction related electrical equipment .............................................................................10

6.4 Tracks of other traction systems ..........................................................................................11

6.5 Return busbar in the substation ...........................................................................................11

6.6 Level crossings .....................................................................................................................11

6.7 Common power supply for tram and trolleybus ....................................................................11

6.8 Changeover from the mainline to depot and workshop areas ..............................................11

7 Provisions for influenced metallic structures ...........................................................................11

7.1 General .................................................................................................................................11

7.2 Tunnels, bridges, viaducts and reinforced concrete slab track ............................................12

7.3 Adjacent pipes or cables ......................................................................................................13

7.4 Voltage limiting devices ........................................................................................................13

8 Protection provisions applied to metallic structures................................................................13

9 Depots and workshops ................................................................................................................14

10 Tests and measurements .............................................................................................................14

10.1 Principles ..............................................................................................................................14

10.2 Supervision of the rail insulation ...........................................................................................14

Annex A (informative) Measurement of track characteristics ...........................................................16

A.1 Rail resistance ......................................................................................................................16

A.2 Conductance per length between running rails and metal reinforced structures .................17

A.3 Conductance per length for track sections without civil structure ........................................18

A.4 Local conductance per length for track sections without civil structure ...............................19

A.5 Insulating rail joints ...............................................................................................................21

A.6 Insulating joints between metal reinforced structures ..........................................................21

Annex B (informative) Stray current assessment – Rail insulation assessment using rail

potential .........................................................................................................................................23

B.1 Continuous monitoring of the rail potential ...........................................................................23

B.2 Repetitive measurements of the rail potential to monitor the conductance .........................24

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
EN 50122-2:2010 – 4 –

Annex C (informative) Estimation of stray current and impact on metal structures ......................25

C.1 Estimation of the stray currents passing from the running rails to the earth ...........................25

C.2 Estimation of the longitudinal voltage in metal reinforced structures ...................................26

Annex ZZ (informative) Coverage of Essential Requirements of EC Directives .............................28

Bibliography ..........................................................................................................................................29

Figures

Figure A.1 ― Measurement of the rail resistance for a rail of 10 m length ............................................16

Figure A.2 ― Measuring arrangement for the conductance per length G´ between rails and

metal reinforced structure ............................................................................................................17

Figure A.3 ― Determination of the conductance per length G´ for track sections without civil

structures ......................................................................................................................................18

Figure A.4 ― Measuring arrangement for the local conductance per length .........................................19

Figure A.5 ― Test of insulating rail joints ...............................................................................................21

Figure A.6 ― Test of insulating joints in metal reinforced structures .....................................................22

Figure B.1 ― Continuous monitoring of the rail potential .......................................................................23

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
– 5 – EN 50122-2:2010
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements for protective provisions against the effects of stray

currents, which result from the operation of d.c. traction systems.

As experience for several decades has not shown evident corrosion effects from a.c. traction systems

and actual investigations are not completed, this European Standard only deals with stray currents

flowing from a d.c. traction system.

This European Standard applies to all metallic fixed installations which form part of the traction

system, and also to any other metallic components located in any position in the earth, which can

carry stray currents resulting from the operation of the railway system.

This European Standard applies to all new d.c. lines and to all major revisions to existing d.c. lines.

The principles may also be applied to existing electrified transportation systems where it is necessary

to consider the effects of stray currents.
It provides design requirements to allow maintenance.
The range of application includes:
a) railways,
b) guided mass transport systems such as:
1) tramways,
2) elevated and underground railways,
3) mountain railways,
4) trolleybus systems, and
5) magnetically levitated systems, which use a contact line system,
c) material transportation systems.
This European Standard does not apply to:
d) mine traction systems in underground mines,

e) cranes, transportable platforms and similar transportation equipment on rails, temporary

structures (e.g. exhibition structures) in so far as these are not supplied directly from the contact

line system and are not endangered by the traction power supply system,
f) suspended cable cars,
g) funicular railways.
This European Standard does not specify working rules for maintenance.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 50122-1:2010, Railway applications – Fixed installations – Electrical safety, earthing and the return

circuit – Part 1: Protective provisions against electric shock

EN 50122-3:2010, Railway applications – Fixed installations – Electrical safety, earthing and the return

circuit – Part 3: Mutual interaction of a.c. and d.c. traction systems

EN 50162:2004, Protection against corrosion by stray current from direct current systems

EN 50163, Railway applications – Supply voltages of traction systems
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
EN 50122-2:2010 – 6 –
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 50122-1:2010 apply.

4 Identification of hazards and risks

D.C. traction systems can cause stray currents which could adversely affect both the railway

concerned and/or outside installations, when the return circuit is not sufficiently insulated versus earth.

The major effects of stray currents can be corrosion and subsequent damage of metallic structures,

where stray currents leave the metallic structures. There is also the risk of overheating, arcing and fire

and subsequent danger to persons and equipment both inside and outside the railway or trolley bus

system.
The following systems, which can produce stray currents, shall be considered:

– d.c. railways using running rails carrying the traction return current including track sections of

other traction systems bonded to the tracks of d.c. railways;

– d.c. trolleybus systems which share the same power supply with a system using the running rails

carrying the traction return current;

– d.c. railways not using running rails carrying the traction return current, where d.c. currents can

flow to earth or earthing installations.

All components and systems which can be affected by stray currents shall be considered such as:

– running rails,
– metallic pipe work,
– cables with metal armour and/or metal shield,
– metallic tanks and vessels,
– earthing installations,
– reinforced concrete structures,
– buried metallic structures,
– signalling and telecommunication installations,
– non-traction a.c. and d.c. power supply systems,
– cathodic protection installations.

Any provisions employed to control the effects of stray currents shall be checked, verified and

validated according to this European Standard.

The system design shall be completed sufficiently early that the results can be taken into account in

the essential system parameters, which influence the stray current effects, like the spacing of the

substations and in the design of the civil structures, see also 5.4.

The entity responsible for the design and erection of the railway infrastructure shall make sure that

electrical requirements for railway related civil structures are met.

In case of major revisions of existing lines the effects on the stray current situation shall be assessed

by calculation and/or by measurements.

If stray current provisions affect electrical safety, protective provisions against electric shock according

to EN 50122-1 shall take precedence over provisions against the effects of stray currents.

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
– 7 – EN 50122-2:2010
5 Criteria for stray current assessment and acceptance
5.1 General

The amount of stray currents and their effects depend on the overall system design of the traction

power supply. Stray currents leaving the return circuit can affect the return circuit itself and

neighbouring installations, see Clause 4.

Beside to the operating currents, the most important parameters for the amount of stray current are:

– the conductance per length of the tracks and the other parts of the return circuit,

– the distance of the substations,
– the longitudinal resistance of the running rails,
– spacing of cross bonds.

If the railway system meets the requirements and measures of this European Standard, the system is

assumed to be acceptable from the stray current point of view.
5.2 Criteria for the protection of the tracks

The most important influencing variable for stray currents leaving the tracks is the conductance per

unit length between track and earth. The corrosion rate is the main aspect for the assessment of risk.

The rail potential provides the main information about the relevant parameters, which represent the

stray currents. These parameters are the traction currents, the longitudinal resistance of the running

rails, the resistance to earth and the length of the feeding sections. The precondition for this

proceeding is that there is no direct electrical connection either accidental or intended to earthing

installations.

Experience proves that there is no damage in the tracks over a period of 25 years, if the average stray

current per unit length does not exceed the following value:
I’ = 2,5 mA/m
max
(average stray current per length of a single track line).

NOTE 1 For a double track line the value for the maximum average stray current should be multiplied by two. For more than

two tracks the value increases accordingly. For the averaging process, only the total positive parts of the stray current over 24 h

or multiples are considered.

If the following values for the conductance per length G’ and average rail potential U are not

RE RE

exceeded during the system life-time, further investigations according to 5.4 need not be performed.

– G’ ≤ 0,5 S/km per track and U ≤ + 5 V for open formation (1)
RE RE
– G’ ≤ 2,5 S/km per track and U ≤ + 1 V for closed formation (2)
RE RE

For the average rail potential shift U only positive values of the rail potential are considered.

The averaging period shall be 24 h or multiples.
NOTE 2 A guide value for the sampling rate is 2 per second.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
EN 50122-2:2010 – 8 –

If the requirements in Equations (1) and (2) are not met, an alternative value for G’ shall be

calculated and used for the design, applying Equation (3).
G =
(3)
where
I’ = 2,5 mA/m per track or the value coming from the investigation in 5.4.

NOTE 3 For a double track line the value for the maximum conductance per length should be multiplied by two. For more

than two tracks the values increase accordingly.

NOTE 4 As it is not easy to measure the stray currents directly, the measurement of the rail potential is a convenient method.

According to Equation (3), the acceptable conductance per length can be calculated for a single track line.

NOTE 5 Simulation of the traction power supply for scheduled train operation can provide values for the stray current per

length for design purposes. A method of calculating dead-end tracks is given in Clause C.1. This is a conservative method,

because the actual values are lower.

When the construction phase has been completed, it shall be proven that the permissible conductance

per length according to Equations (1), (2) or (3) is fulfilled. Annex A indicates proven methods for the

measurement.

During operation, compliance with the limits of conductance per length according to Equations (1), (2)

or (3) shall be maintained.
5.3 Criteria for systems with metal reinforced concrete or metallic structures
In systems with metal reinforced concrete or metallic structures, like:
– reinforced track bed,
– tunnels, or
– viaducts,
the impact on the structures shall be considered.

The voltage shift of the structure versus earth is an additional criterion for assessment.

Experience has shown, that there is no cause for concern, if the average value of the potential shift

between the structure and earth in the hour of highest traffic does not exceed + 200 mV for steel in

concrete structures. For buried metal constructions the values depend on soil resistivity and the

material. For both requirements refer to EN 50162:2004, Table 1.

In order to avoid inadmissible stray current effects at the tunnel structure and at structures outside of

the tunnel, the longitudinal voltage between any two points of the through connected metal reinforced

tunnel structure should be calculated. The maximal longitudinal voltage shall be smaller than the

permissible potential shift. As an example for calculation see C.2. This is a conservative procedure

which ensures that the actual values for the tunnel potential against earth will be lower.

5.4 Specific investigations and measures

If the requirements stated in 5.2 and 5.3 are not achieved, or if other methods of construction are

planned, a study shall be carried out at an early planning stage. The study becomes also necessary in

case of major revisions of existing lines, when the stray current situation is likely to become worse.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
– 9 – EN 50122-2:2010

The possible impact of stray current corrosion shall be investigated, where the following aspects are

included, such as:
– insulation from earth of the rails and connected metallic structures,
– humidity of the track bed,
– longitudinal resistance of the running rails,
– number of and distance between the substations,
– effects of inequalities in the no load voltages of substations,
– substation no-load voltage and source impedance,
– timetable and vehicles,
– neighbouring metallic structures.
Clause 6 and Clause 7 show suitable corrective provisions.
6 Design provisions
6.1 General

Any provisions employed to control the effects of stray currents shall be checked, verified and

validated according to this European Standard.

The system design shall be completed sufficiently early that the results can be taken into account in

the essential system parameters which influence the stray current effects, like the spacing of the

substations and the design of the civil structures.
6.2 Return circuit
6.2.1 General

In order to minimise stray current caused by a d.c. traction system, the traction return current shall be

confined to the intended return circuit as far as possible.

As the return circuit in case of d.c. traction systems usually is not connected to earth, safety

requirements for the rail potential according to EN 50122-1:2010, 6.2.2 and Clause 9, shall be fulfilled.

6.2.2 Resistance of running rails

The longitudinal resistance of the running rails shall be low. Therefore, rail joints shall be welded or

connected by rail joint bonds of low resistance such that the longitudinal resistance of the rails is not

increased by more than 5 %.

The longitudinal resistance can be reduced by the use of rails with greater cross section and/or cross

bonding of the running rails and/or the tracks where signalling considerations allow.

6.2.3 Track system

A high level of insulation from earth of the running rails and of the whole return circuit is required,

when the running rails are used as part of the return circuit.

The track shall be so designed that the insulation quality of the rails toward earth will not be

diminished substantially by water. In order to fulfil the values given in Equations (1), (2) and (3) of 5.2

the water drainage of the substructure of the running rails is essential.

NOTE 1 The values given for the conductance per length apply to a track consisting of two running rails with tie bars as well

as the attached system parts.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
EN 50122-2:2010 – 10 –

NOTE 2 The following provisions can be made to achieve the required values of the conductance G’ for rails laid in an

open formation:
– clean ballast;
– wooden sleepers or reinforced-concrete sleepers with insulating fastening;
– distance between running rails and ballast.

NOTE 3 The following provisions can be made to achieve the required values of the conductance G’ for rails laid in a

closed formation:
– fitting of the running rails in an insulating resin bed;

– provision of insulating intermediate layers between the tracks and the bearing systems;

– effective drainage.
6.2.4 Return conductors

Return conductors, if required, are laid in parallel to the running rails and shall be connected to them

at regular intervals. They shall be insulated from earth.
6.2.5 Return cables

Return cables connect the running rails with the substation. They shall have an insulating outer

sheath, so that no stray currents can leave or enter.

NOTE Where mechanical damage is likely, return cables should have an additional protection.

6.2.6 Electrical separation between the return circuit and system parts with earth-electrode

effect

In order to reduce stray currents, no part of the return circuit shall have a direct conductive connection

to installations, components or metallic structures which are not insulated from earth.

NOTE In case of direct conductive connection to installations, components or metallic structures which are not insulated

from earth, the values given in Equations (1), (2) and (3) of 5.2 should be fulfilled for the return circuit and parts connected to it.

If a connection to the return circuit is unavoidable for reasons of protection against electric shock,

provisions shall be taken to reduce the stray current effects. These can be for example:

– open connection with the return circuit, in this case the voltage-limiting device shall satisfy the

requirements given in EN 50122–1:2010, Annex F;

– insulation of the equipment or components that are connected to the running rails, from

foundations or components that are earthed;
– insulation of the metal reinforcement of the structure from earth.
For exceptions regarding workshops and similar locations see Clause 9.

A conductor rail insulated from earth, the so-called "fourth rail", can be used for the traction return

current. If this is a live part and not connected to the running rails, usually no stray currents occur. In

the case of conductor rail systems with third and fourth rails, each conductor rail shall be insulated

from earth depending on the nominal voltage of the system according to EN 50163.
6.2.7 Rail-to-rail and track-to-track cross bonds

Rail-to-rail cross bonds, tie bars, track-to-track cross bonds and other bonds which can come in

contact with earth shall be insulated.
6.3 Non-traction related electrical equipment

Non-traction related electrical equipment shall be installed according to EN 50122-1:2010, Clause 7.

---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 50122-2:2010
– 11 – EN 50122-2:2010
6.4 Tracks of other traction systems

Generally, the tracks of other traction systems shall not have any direct conductive connection to

tracks of d.c. traction systems.

Tracks without contact line may be connected to the return circuit in special cases if they fulfil the

requirements given in 6.2.3.

If running rails are used by d.c. and a.c. traction systems, additional provisions shall be made against

the stray current hazard and against impermissible touch voltages, see EN 50122-3.

Any additional provisions shall not affect other safety criteria, particularly such that are made to

minimise the touch voltage as well as such that are made to operate the power supply, track circuits

and communication systems.
6.5 Return busbar in the substation

The substation shall be arranged so that direct current does not flow in the substation structure earth.

Risks from stray current relating to the earthing of equipment due to maintenance work shall be taken

into account. The return busbars in substations and similar installations shall be operated so that they

...

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