Lamps, light sources and led packages for road vehicles - Performance requirements

NEW!IEC 60810:2017 is available as IEC 60810:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60810:2017 is applicable to filament lamps, discharge lamps, LED light sources and LED packages to be used in road vehicles, i.e. in headlamps, fog-lamps, signalling lamps and interior lighting. It is especially applicable to those lamps and light sources which are listed in IEC 60809. This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2014 and Amendment 1:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - update and clarification of the title and scope; - introduction of new LED light sources; - introduction of requirements for LED light sources; - introduction of guidelines on LED package robustness validation for LED packages.

Lampen, Lichtquellen und LED-Packages für Straßenfahrzeuge -Anforderungen an die Arbeitsweise

Lampes, sources lumineuses et led encapsulées pour véhicules routiers - Exigences de performances

NEW!IEC 60810:2017 est disponible sous forme de IEC 60810:2017 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.IEC 60810:2017 est applicable aux lampes à filament,aux lampes à décharge, aux sources lumineuses à LED et aux LED encapsulées destinées à être utilisées dans les véhicules routiers, c’est-à-dire dans les projecteurs avant, les feux de brouillard, les feux de signalisation et l’éclairage intérieur. Il s’applique particulièrement aux lampes et sources lumineuses figurant dans l’IEC 60809. Cette cinquième édition annule et remplace la quatrième édition parue en 2014 et l'Amendement 1:2017. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l’édition précédente: - actualisation et clarification du titre et du domaine d’application; - introduction de nouvelles sources lumineuses à LED; - introduction des exigences applicables aux sources lumineuses à LED; - introduction de lignes directrices pour la validation de la robustesse des LED encapsulées.

Sijalke, viri svetlobe in okrovi svetlečih diod (LED) za cestna vozila - Tehnične zahteve (IEC 60810:2017)

Ta dokument se uporablja za konvencionalne sijalke, razelektritvene sijalke, svetlobne vire LED in okrove svetlečih diod (LED), ki se uporabljajo v cestnih vozilih, to so žarometi, meglenke, signalne svetilke in notranja osvetlitev. Še posebej se uporablja za sijalke in svetlobne vire, navedene v standardu IEC 60809.
Določa zahteve in preskusne metode za merjenje lastnosti delovanja, kot so življenjska doba sijalke, vzdrževanje svetlobnega toka, torzijska moč, trdnost žarnice ter odpornost na vibracije in udarce. Informacije o mejnih vrednostih temperature, največjem obsegu sijalke in najvišjih še sprejemljivih napetostnih udarih so podane kot smernice za načrtovanje opreme za razsvetljavo in električne opreme.
Pri nekaterih zahtevah iz tega dokumenta so omenjeni podatki, ki so navedeni v preglednicah. Ustrezne podatke za sijalke, ki niso navedene v takšnih preglednicah, zagotovi njihov proizvajalec ali odgovorni prodajalec.
Zahteve glede zmogljivosti so dodane k osnovnim zahtevam iz standarda IEC 60809. Vendar niso namenjene organom za pravne namene tipske odobritve.
OPOMBA 1: V različnih slovarjih in standardih se uporabljajo različni izrazi za »navadno sijalko« (IEC 60050-845:1987, 845-07-04) in »razelektritveno sijalko« (IEC 60050-845:1987, 845-07-17). V tem dokumentu se uporabljata izraza »konvencionalna sijalka« in »razelektritvena sijalka«. Kadar je zapisan samo izraz »sijalka«, sta mišljeni obe vrsti sijalk, če iz konteksta ni jasno razvidno, da se izraz nanaša na samo eno vrsto. OPOMBA 2: Ta dokument se ne uporablja za svetilke. OPOMBA 3: V tem dokumentu se uporablja izraz »svetlobni vir LED«, medtem ko je mogoče v drugih standardih za podobne proizvode uporabljen izraz »sijalke LED«.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Feb-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
09-Feb-2018
Completion Date
09-Feb-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Lamps, light sources and led packages for road vehicles - Performance requirements (IEC 60810:2017)43.040.20Naprave za osvetlitev, signalizacijo in opozarjanjeLighting, signalling and warning devices29.140.20Žarnice z žarilno nitkoIncandescent lampsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN IEC 60810:2018SIST EN IEC 60810:2018en01-april-2018SIST EN IEC 60810:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 60810:2015/A1:2017SIST EN 60810:20151DGRPHãþD
SIST EN IEC 60810:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN IEC 60810
February 2018 ICS 29.140.99
Supersedes
EN 60810:2015
English Version

Lamps, light sources and led packages for road vehicles - Performance requirements (IEC 60810:2017)

Lampes, sources lumineuses et led encapsulées pour véhicules routiers - Exigences de performances (IEC 60810:2017)

Lampen für Straßenfahrzeuge - Anforderungen an die Arbeitsweise (IEC 60810:2017) This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-10-30. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23,

B-1040 Brussels © 2018 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 60810:2018 E SIST EN IEC 60810:2018

EN IEC 60810:2018 2 European foreword The text of document 34A/2021/FDIS, future edition 5 of IEC 60810, prepared by SC 34A "Lamps" of IEC/TC 34 "Lamps and related equipment" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 60810:2018. The following dates are fixed: • latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2018-08-09 • latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the document have to be withdrawn (dow) 2021-02-09 This document supersedes EN 60810:2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard IEC 60810:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated: IEC 60068-2-20 NOTE

Harmonized as EN 60068-2-20 IEC 60068-2-47 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 60068-2-47 IEC 60682:1980 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 60682:1993 IEC 60809:1995 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 60809:1996 IEC 60809:1995/A5:2012 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 60809:1996/A5:2012
SIST EN IEC 60810:2018
EN IEC 60810:2018 3 Annex ZA (normative)

Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies. NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here: www.cenelec.eu. Publication Year Title EN/HD Year IEC 60050-845 -

International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) -- Chapter 845: Lighting - -
IEC 60061-1 -

Lamp caps and holders together with gauges for the control of interchangeability and safety -- Part 1: Lamp caps EN 60061-1 -

IEC 60068-2-14 -

Environmental testing -- Part 2-14: Tests - Test N: Change of temperature EN 60068-2-14 -

IEC 60068-2-43 -

Environmental testing -- Part 2-43: Tests - Test Kd: Hydrogen sulphide test for contacts and connections EN 60068-2-43 -

IEC 60068-2-58 -

Environmental testing - Part 2-58: Tests - Test Td: Test methods for solderability, resistance to dissolution of metallization and to soldering heat of surface mounting devices (SMD) EN 60068-2-58 -

IEC 60068-2-60 -

Environmental testing -- Part 2-60: Tests - Test Ke: Flowing mixed gas corrosion test EN 60068-2-60 -

IEC 60809 2014 Lamps for road vehicles - Dimensional, electrical and luminous requirements EN 60809 2015

ISO 7637-2 2011

Road vehicles_- Electrical disturbances from conduction and coupling_- Part_2: Electrical transient conduction along supply lines only - -

ISO 10605 -

Road vehicles_- Test methods for electrical disturbances from electrostatic discharge - -

CISPR 25 -

Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers EN 55025 -

United Nations Vehicle Regulations 1958 Agreement concerning the adoption of uniform technical prescriptions for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts which can be fitted and/or be used on wheeled vehicles and the conditions for reciprocal recognition of approvals granted on the basis of these prescriptions

JESD22-A101C -
Steady-state temperature humidity bias life test - -
JESD22-A104E -
Temperature cycling - -
SIST EN IEC 60810:2018
EN IEC 60810:2018 4 JESD22-A105C -
Power and temperature cycling - -
JESD22-A106B -
Thermal shock - -
JESD22-A108D -
Temperature, bias, and operating life - -
JESD22-A113F -

Preconditioning of plastic surface mount devices prior to reliability testing - -

JESD22-A115C -
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing machine model (MM) - -
JESD22-B101B -
External visual - -
JESD22-B103B -
Vibration, variable frequency - -
JESD22-B106D -
Resistance to solder shock for through-hole mounted devices - -
JESD22-B110B -
Mechanical shock - Component and subassembly - -
JESD22-B116 1998 Wire Bond Shear Test Method - -
JESD51-50:2012-04 -

Overview of methodologies for the thermal measurement of single- and multi-chip, single- and multi-pn-junction light-emitting diodes (LEDs) - -

JESD51-51:2012-04 -

Implementation of the electrical test method for the measurement of real thermal resistance and impedance of light-emitting diodes with exposed cooling surface - -

JESD51-52:2012-04 -

Guidelines for combining CIE 127-2007 total flux measurements with thermal measurements of LEDs with exposed cooling surface - -

JESD51-53:2012-05 -
Terms, definitions and units glossary for LED thermal testing - -

ANSI/IPC/ECA J-STD-002C - Solderability tests for component leads, terminations, lugs, terminals and wires - - ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001 2012 Joint JEDEC/ESDA standard for electrostatic discharge sensitivity testing human body model (HBM) – component level - - MIL-STD-883E 2015 Visual Inspection Criteria - - ZVEI 2016 Guideline for Customer Notifications of Product and/or Process Changes (PCN) of Electronic Components specified for Automotive Applications - -

SIST EN IEC 60810:2018

IEC 60810 Edition 5.0 2017-09 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NORME INTERNATIONALE Lamps, light sources and led packages for road vehicles –

Performance requirements

Lampes, sources lumineuses et led encapsulées pour véhicules routiers – Exigences de performances INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION COMMISSION ELECTROTECHNIQUE INTERNATIONALE

ICS 29.140.99
ISBN 978-2-8322-4818-8
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale ®

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé. SIST EN IEC 60810:2018 colourinside

– 2 – IEC 60810:2017 © IEC 2017 CONTENTS FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8 1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 10 2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 10 3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 12 4 Requirements and test conditions for filament lamps ..................................................... 16 4.1 Basic function and interchangeability .................................................................... 16 4.2 Torsion strength .................................................................................................... 16 4.3 Characteristic life Tc ............................................................................................. 16 4.4 Life B3 .................................................................................................................. 16 4.5 Luminous flux maintenance ................................................................................... 17 4.6 Resistance to vibration and shock ......................................................................... 17 4.7 Glass-bulb strength ............................................................................................... 17 5 Filament lamp data ........................................................................................................ 17 6 Requirements and test conditions for discharge lamps .................................................. 22 6.1 Basic function and interchangeability .................................................................... 22 6.2 Mechanical strength .............................................................................................. 22 6.2.1 Bulb-to-cap connection .................................................................................. 22 6.2.2 Cable-to-cap connection (if any) .................................................................... 22 6.3 Characteristic life Tc ............................................................................................. 22 6.4 Life B3 .................................................................................................................. 22 6.5 Luminous flux maintenance ................................................................................... 22 6.6 Resistance to vibration and shock ......................................................................... 22 6.7 Discharge lamps with integrated starting device .................................................... 22 6.8 Discharge lamps with integrated starting device and integrated ballast ................. 23 7 Requirements and test conditions for LED light sources ................................................ 23 7.1 Basic function and interchangeability .................................................................... 23 7.2 UV radiation .......................................................................................................... 24 7.3 Luminous flux and colour maintenance ................................................................. 24 7.4 Resistance to vibration and shock ......................................................................... 26 7.5 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................ 27 7.6 Powered thermal cycling test ................................................................................ 27 7.7 Mass ..................................................................................................................... 28 7.8 Typical circuits for LED light sources .................................................................... 28 7.8.1 General ......................................................................................................... 28 7.8.2 Typical circuits for LR3, LR5, LY3, LY5, LW3 and LW5 LED light sources.......................................................................................................... 28 7.8.3 Typical circuits for LR4 LED light sources ...................................................... 29 7.9 Maximum power consumption ............................................................................... 30 7.10 Overvoltage test.................................................................................................... 30 7.11 Reverse voltage test ............................................................................................. 30 7.12 Transient voltage test (field decay) ....................................................................... 31 7.13 Transient voltage test (load dump) ........................................................................ 32 7.14 Electrostatic discharge test (ESD) ......................................................................... 33 7.15 Pulsed operating life (PLT) test ............................................................................. 33 8 Requirements and test conditions for LED packages ..................................................... 33 8.1 LED package stress test qualification .................................................................... 33 SIST EN IEC 60810:2018

IEC 60810:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

8.2 Test samples ........................................................................................................ 34 8.2.1 Lot requirements............................................................................................ 34 8.2.2 Production requirements ................................................................................ 34 8.2.3 Pre- and post-stress test requirements .......................................................... 34 8.2.4 Assembly of LED packages on test boards .................................................... 35 8.2.5 Moisture pre-conditioning (MP) ...................................................................... 35 8.2.6 Thermal resistance (TR) test ......................................................................... 35 8.3 Definition of failure criteria .................................................................................... 35 8.4 Choice between test conditions ............................................................................. 36 8.5 Criteria for passing qualification/requalification ..................................................... 36 8.6 Qualification test ................................................................................................... 36 8.6.1 Pre- and post- electrical and photometric test ................................................ 36 8.6.2 Pre- and post- external visual (EV) test ......................................................... 36 8.6.3 High temperature operating life (HTOL) test .................................................. 36 8.6.4 Temperature cycling (TMCL) test ................................................................... 37 8.6.5 Wet high temperature operating life (WHTOL) test ......................................... 37 8.6.6 Power temperature cycling (PTMCL) test ....................................................... 37 8.6.7 Electrostatic discharge, human body model (ESD-HBM) test ......................... 38 8.6.8 Electrostatic discharge, machine model (ESD-MM) test ................................. 38 8.6.9 Destructive physical analysis (DPA) test ........................................................ 38 8.6.10 Physical dimensions (PD) test ....................................................................... 38 8.6.11 Vibrations variable frequency (VVF) test ........................................................ 38 8.6.12 Mechanical shock (MS) test ........................................................................... 38 8.6.13 Resistance to soldering heat (RSH-TTW) test ................................................ 38 8.6.14 Resistance to soldering heat (RSH-reflow) test .............................................. 39 8.6.15 Solderability (SO) test.................................................................................... 39 8.6.16 Thermal shock (TMSK) test ........................................................................... 39 8.6.17 Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) test ........................................................................ 39 8.6.18 Pulsed operating life (PLT) test ...................................................................... 39 8.6.19 Dew (DEW) test ............................................................................................. 40 8.6.20 Flowing mixed gas corrosion (FMGC) test ..................................................... 41 8.6.21 Wire bond pull test (WBP) .............................................................................. 41 8.6.22 Bond shear test (BS) ..................................................................................... 42 8.6.23 Die shear test (DS) ........................................................................................ 42 Annex A (normative)

Life test conditions for filament lamps ................................................. 43 A.1 Ageing .................................................................................................................. 43 A.2 Test voltage .......................................................................................................... 43 A.3 Operating position and operating conditions .......................................................... 43 A.4 Switching cycle ..................................................................................................... 43 A.4.1 Single-filament lamps .................................................................................... 43 A.4.2 Dual-filament lamps for headlamps ................................................................ 44 A.4.3 Dual-filament lamps for light signalling equipment ......................................... 44 A.5 Luminous flux and colour maintenance ................................................................. 44 Annex B (normative)

Vibration tests ..................................................................................... 45 B.1 General ................................................................................................................. 45 B.2 Test conditions ..................................................................................................... 46 B.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 46 B.2.2 Mounting (see IEC 60068-2-47) ..................................................................... 46 B.2.3 Measuring points ........................................................................................... 46 SIST EN IEC 60810:2018

– 4 – IEC 60810:2017 © IEC 2017 B.2.4 Control point .................................................................................................. 46 B.2.5 Conditioning .................................................................................................. 46 B.2.6 Axis of vibration ............................................................................................. 46 B.2.7 WBR test – Basic motion ............................................................................... 47 B.3 Test conditions ..................................................................................................... 47 B.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 47 B.3.2 Narrowband random vibration tests................................................................ 47 B.3.3 Wideband random vibration tests ................................................................... 48 Annex C (normative)

Glass-bulb strength test ...................................................................... 50 C.1 General ................................................................................................................. 50 C.2 Test equipment and procedure .............................................................................. 50 C.2.1 Principle of the test equipment ....................................................................... 50 C.2.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 50 C.2.3 Requirements for plates ................................................................................. 51 C.3 Requirements ....................................................................................................... 51 C.4 Evaluation ............................................................................................................. 52 C.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 52 C.4.2 Assessment based on attributes .................................................................... 52 C.4.3 Assessment based on variables ..................................................................... 52 Annex D (normative)

Life and luminous flux maintenance

test conditions for discharge lamps ............................................................................................................................ 54 D.1 Ageing .................................................................................................................. 54 D.2 Test circuit and test voltage .................................................................................. 54 D.3 Burning position and operating conditions ............................................................. 54 D.4 Switching cycle ..................................................................................................... 54 D.5 Luminous flux maintenance ................................................................................... 56 Annex E (normative)

Bulb deflection test.............................................................................. 57 E.1 General ................................................................................................................. 57 E.2 Test set-up and procedure .................................................................................... 57 E.3 Requirement ......................................................................................................... 57 Annex F (informative)

Guidance on equipment design ......................................................... 58 F.1 Pinch temperature limit ......................................................................................... 58 F.2 Solder temperature limit ........................................................................................ 58 F.3 Maximum filament lamp outline ............................................................................. 58 F.4 Maximum surge voltage ........................................................................................ 58 F.5 Recommended instructions for use and handling of halogen filament lamps .......... 58 F.6 Recommended instructions for use and handling of discharge lamps .................... 59 Annex G (informative)

Ballast design ................................................................................... 64 Annex H (informative)

Symbols ............................................................................................ 65 H.1 General ................................................................................................................. 65 H.2 Symbol indicating that lamps operate at high temperatures ................................... 66 H.3 Symbol indicating that care should be taken to avoid touching the bulb................. 66 H.4 Symbol indicating that the use of protective gloves is advised ............................... 66 H.5 Symbol indicating that lamps with scratched or otherwise

damaged bulbs should not be used................................................................................................ 66 H.6 Symbol indicating that before handling, the lamp shall be switched off .................. 66 H.7 Symbol indicating that the use of eye protection is advised ................................... 66 H.8 Symbol indicating that during operation, the lamp emits UV-radiation ................... 67 SIST EN IEC 60810:2018

IEC 60810:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –

H.9 Symbol indicating that the lamp shall be operated only in a luminaire with a protective shield .................................................................................................... 67 H.10 Symbol indicating dangerous voltage .................................................................... 68 H.11 Pictogram for instruction "Non-ECE" ..................................................................... 68 H.12 Pictogram for instruction "Interior lighting only" ..................................................... 69 Annex I (normative)

Luminous flux maintenance test conditions

for LED light sources ........ 70 I.1 Ageing .................................................................................................................. 70 I.2 Test voltage .......................................................................................................... 70 I.3 Operating conditions ............................................................................................. 70 I.3.1 Test rack ....................................................................................................... 70 I.3.2 LED light sources with integrated thermal management ................................. 70 I.3.3 LED light sources with external thermal management .................................... 70 I.4 Switching cycle ..................................................................................................... 71 I.4.1 Single-function LED light sources .................................................................. 71 I.4.2 Dual-function LED light sources for headlamps .............................................. 71 I.4.3 Multiple-function LED light sources for light signalling equipment .................. 71 I.5 Luminous flux maintenance measurements ........................................................... 72 I.6 Colour measurement ............................................................................................. 72 Annex J (normative)

Destructive physical analysis for LED packages .................................. 73 J.1 Description ........................................................................................................... 73 J.2 Equipment ............................................................................................................ 73 J.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................. 73 J.4 Failure criteria ....................................................................................................... 73 Annex K (informative)

Communication sheet LED package testing ....................................... 74 Annex L (normative)

Re-testing matrix for LED packages testing ......................................... 77 Annex M (informative)

Guidelines for LED packages robustness validation .......................... 78 M.1 General ................................................................................................................. 78 M.2 Test samples ........................................................................................................ 80 M.2.1 Lot requirements............................................................................................ 80 M.2.2 Production requirements ................................................................................ 81 M.2.3 Pre- and post-stress test requirements .......................................................... 81 M.2.4 Assembly of LED packages on test boards .................................................... 81 M.3 Definition of end-of-test criteria ............................................................................. 81 M.4 Test sequence of over-stress testing ..................................................................... 81 M.5 Over-stress test definition ..................................................................................... 82 M.5.1 Pre- and post-electrical and photometric test ................................................. 82 M.5.2 Pre- and post-external visual (EV) test .......................................................... 82 M.5.3 High temperature operating life (HTOL) and low temperature operating life (LTOL) tests ............................................................................................. 82 M.5.4 Temperature cycling (TMCL) test ...........................................................

...

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