Child use and care articles - Cutlery and feeding utensils - Safety requirements and tests

This document specifies safety requirements relating to the materials, construction, performance, packaging and labelling of cutlery and feeding utensils. All products which are intended to be used by a child aged up to 36 months to eat by itself or with the assistance of another person are included in the scope of this document. This includes products which have a different primary function, but have a secondary function intended to allow a child to use the product to eat by itself or with the assistance of another person.
It does not apply to pre-prepared food containers, or to cutlery and feeding utensils designed for specialist medical applications or for use under medical supervision.
It includes test methods for the mechanical and chemical requirements specified and requirements relating to the instructions of use.
There are some products designed as a toy or with features that resemble a toy. These products shall additionally meet the relevant requirements of EN 71.
This document is not applicable for drinking equipment (feeding bottles, teats, spouts, and cups) which is covered by EN 14350-1 and EN 14350-2.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Besteck und Geschirr - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfungen

Dieses Dokument legt Sicherheitsanforderungen für die Werkstoffe, Gestaltung, Ausführung, Verpackung und Kennzeichnung von Bestecken und Geschirr fest. Alle Produkte, die zur selbständigen Nahrungsaufnahme durch ein Kind im Alter bis zu 36 Monaten oder zum Essen mit Hilfe einer anderen Person verwendet werden, sind in den Anwendungsbereich dieses Dokuments einbezogen. Dies beinhaltet Produkte mit einer abweichenden Primärfunktion, jedoch mit einer Sekundärfunktion, die dafür vorgesehen sind, dem Kind die selbständige Nahrungsaufnahme oder das Essen mit Hilfe einer anderen Person zu ermöglichen.
Es gilt nicht für vorgefertigte Nahrungsmittelbehälter oder für Bestecke und Geschirre, die für besondere medizinische Anwendungen oder den Gebrauch unter medizinischer Aufsicht vorgesehen sind.
Eingeschlossen sind Prüfverfahren für die festgelegten mechanischen und chemischen Anforderungen sowie Anforderungen hinsichtlich der Gebrauchsanweisungen.
Es gibt einige Produkte, die als Spielzeug oder mit Merkmalen, die einem Spielzeug ähneln, gestaltet sind. Diese Produkte müssen zusätzlich die einschlägigen Anforderungen von EN 71 erfüllen.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Artikel für flüssige Kindernahrung (Fläschchen, Ernährungsauger, Trinkhalme und Tassen), welche in EN 14350-1 und EN 14350-2 behandelt werden.

Articles de puériculture - Couverts et vaisselle - Exigences de sécurité et essais

Le présent document fixe des exigences de sécurité s'appliquant aux matériaux, a la fabrication, aux performances, a l'emballage et a l'étiquetage des couverts et de la vaisselle. Tous les produits destinés a etre utilisés par un enfant de moins de 36 mois pour manger tout seul ou avec l'aide d'une autre personne relevent du domaine d'application du présent document. Ceci englobe des produits qui ont une fonction primaire différente mais dont la fonction secondaire vise a permettre a l'enfant d'utiliser le produit pour manger tout seul ou avec l'aide d'une autre personne.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas aux récipients contenant des aliments ayant subi une préparation préalable, ni aux couverts ou a la vaisselle conçus pour des applications médicales spécialisées ou pour etre utilisés sous surveillance médicale.
Le présent document inclut des méthodes d'essai concernant les exigences mécaniques et chimiques spécifiées, ainsi que les exigences relatives aux instructions d'utilisation.
Certains produits sont conçus comme des jouets ou possedent des parties semblables a des jouets. Ces produits doivent en outre satisfaire aux exigences correspondantes de l'EN 71.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas aux articles pour l'alimentation liquide (biberons, tétines, becs verseurs et tasses) qui sont couverts par l'EN 14350-1 et l'EN 14350-2.

Izdelki za otroke –Jedilni pribor in posoda za hranjenje - Varnostne zahteve in preskusi

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-Dec-2004
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Jan-2005
Due Date
01-Jan-2005
Completion Date
01-Jan-2005

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Izdelki za otroke –Jedilni pribor in posoda za hranjenje - Varnostne zahteve in preskusiArtikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Besteck und Geschirr - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und PrüfungenArticles de puériculture - Couverts et vaisselle - Exigences de sécurité et essaisChild use and care articles - Cutlery and feeding utensils - Safety requirements and tests97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for children97.040.60Kuhinjska posoda, jedilni servisi in jedilni priborCookware, cutlery and flatwareICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14372:2004SIST EN 14372:2005en,fr,de01-januar-2005SIST EN 14372:2005SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 14372:2005

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 14372August 2004ICS 97.190 English versionChild use and care articles - Cutlery and feeding utensils -Safety requirements and testsArticles de puériculture - Couverts et vaisselle - Exigencesde sécurité et essaisArtikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Besteck undGeschirr - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen undPrüfungenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 30 April 2004.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2004 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 14372:2004: ESIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 2 Contents Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................3 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................5 2 Normative references....................................................................................................................................5 3 Terms and definitions...................................................................................................................................5 4 Examples of cutlery and feeding utensils...................................................................................................6 5 Requirements.................................................................................................................................................8 5.1 General............................................................................................................................................................8 5.2 General requirements....................................................................................................................................8 5.2.1 Visual and tactile examination.....................................................................................................................8 5.2.2 Sharp points...................................................................................................................................................8 5.2.3 Sharp edges...................................................................................................................................................8 5.2.4 Small parts......................................................................................................................................................9 5.2.5 Holes (Finger traps).......................................................................................................................................9 5.2.6 Printed decorations.......................................................................................................................................9 5.3 Mechanical requirements............................................................................................................................10 5.3.1 Tensile strength...........................................................................................................................................10 5.3.2 Torque test...................................................................................................................................................10 5.3.3 Tear resistance.............................................................................................................................................10 5.3.4 Strength/rigidity...........................................................................................................................................10 5.3.5 Drop test.......................................................................................................................................................10 5.4 Chemical requirements...............................................................................................................................10 5.4.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................10 5.4.2 Chemical properties....................................................................................................................................10 6 Test methods................................................................................................................................................12 6.1 Preparation of samples and general testing conditions..........................................................................12 6.2 Mechanical tests..........................................................................................................................................12 6.2.1 Sharp points test..........................................................................................................................................12 6.2.2 Sharp edges test..........................................................................................................................................12 6.2.3 Tensile test...................................................................................................................................................12 6.2.4 Tear resistance test.....................................................................................................................................13 6.2.5 Strength/rigidity...........................................................................................................................................13 6.3 Chemical tests..............................................................................................................................................15 6.3.1 Determination of the migration of certain elements................................................................................15 6.3.2 Determination of phthalate content...........................................................................................................15 6.3.3 Determination of volatile compounds content.........................................................................................17 6.3.4 Determination of formaldehyde release....................................................................................................17 6.3.5 Determination of nickel release..................................................................................................................17 6.3.6 Determination of 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane [Bisphenol A] (BPA) release...............................17 7 Product information.....................................................................................................................................19 7.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................19 7.2 Purchase information..................................................................................................................................19 7.3 Instruction for use.......................................................................................................................................19 7.4 Warnings.......................................................................................................................................................20 Annex A (informative)

Suitable Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) apparatus, method and precision data for determination of phthalate plasticisers................................................21 Annex B (informative)

Suitable HPLC apparatus and method for the determination of 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane [Bisphenol A] (BPA)..........................................................................................23 Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................25 SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 14372:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child use and care articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2005. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 4

Introduction This document establishes minimum safety requirements and specifies appropriate test methods for children’s cutlery and feeding utensils. Children’s cutlery and feeding utensils are used by either the carer to feed the child or by the child itself, from the average age of weaning (6 months) to 3 years of age. Children over three years of age increasingly use cutlery and utensils designed for adults. Accordingly, this document addresses the potential hazard(s) arising from the use of cutlery and feeding utensils designed for the use of children aged up to 3 years, with or without parental supervision. However, it is stressed that this document cannot eliminate all possible risks to young children up to 3 years of age using such products and that parental or guardian control is of paramount importance. It is essential that the manufacturer gives all warnings and instructions specified in this document clearly, to allow the consumer to ensure the product is used correctly and safely. A significant choking hazard can arise if components of cutlery or feeding utensils become separated during use. This hazard is addressed in this document by the inclusion of security tests. This document also addresses the potential hazard(s) arising from the release of one or more substances, in quantities which could be considered detrimental to health, from the material(s), used in the construction of cutlery and feeding utensils. It is noted that all plastic components of cutlery and feeding utensils are regulated by the Commission Directive 2002/72/EC [1] relating to plastics materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuff. It is further noted that Council Directive 89/109/EEC [2] approximates laws of the Member States relating to materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuff. Where applicable, Council Directive 82/711/EEC [3] and related amendments (93/8/EEC and 97/48/EC) laying down the basic rules necessary for testing migration of the constituents of plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuff has been applied as has Council Directive 85/572/EEC [4] relating to the list of simulants to be used for testing migration of constituents of plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuff. It is also noted that the European Parliament and Council Directive 94/27/EC [5] regulates nickel release permitted from jewellery and items in contact with the skin. It is noted that Council Directive 84/500/EEC [6] relates to ceramic articles intended to come into contact with foodstuff. Commission Decision 99/815/EC [7] prohibits the placing on the market of toys and childcare articles made of soft PVC (containing one or more of six specific phthalate plasticisers) and which are intended to be placed in the mouth by children under three years of age. It is recommended that manufacturers and suppliers operate to EN ISO 9001 [8] standard for quality management systems.

SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 5 1 Scope This document specifies safety requirements relating to the materials, construction, performance, packaging and labelling of cutlery and feeding utensils. All products which are intended to be used by a child aged up to 36 months to eat by itself or with the assistance of another person are included in the scope of this document. This includes products which have a different primary function, but have a secondary function intended to allow a child to use the product to eat by itself or with the assistance of another person. It does not apply to pre-prepared food containers, or to cutlery and feeding utensils designed for specialist medical applications or for use under medical supervision.

It includes test methods for the mechanical and chemical requirements specified and requirements relating to the instructions of use. There are some products designed as a toy or with features that resemble a toy. These products shall additionally meet the relevant requirements of EN 71. This document is not applicable for drinking equipment (feeding bottles, teats, spouts, and cups) which is covered by EN 14350-1 and EN 14350-2. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-1, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties. EN 71-3, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements. EN 1811, Reference test method for release of nickel from products intended to come into direct and prolonged contact with the skin. EN ISO 2409, Paints and varnishes - Cross-cut test (ISO 2409:1992) EN ISO 4614, Plastics - Melamine-formaldehyde mouldings - Determination of extractable formaldehyde (ISO 4614:1977). 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 cutlery implements used for eating such as knives, forks, spoons and food pushers 3.2 feeding utensils implements or containers used for feeding children such as plates and bowls 3.3

suction pad component of a feeding utensil intended to adhere or secure the utensil to a surface SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 6 4 Examples of cutlery and feeding utensils Examples of cutlery and feeding utensils are shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3.

Key A Spoon B Fork C Knife D1 Food pusher – top view D2 Food pusher – front view D3 Food pusher – side view Figure 1 — Examples of cutlery SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 7

Key A 1 Bowl – side view A 2 Bowl – top view B 1 Plate – side view B 2 Plate – top view C 1 Keep-warm plate – side view C 2 Keep-warm plate – top view C 3 Removable plug on keep-warm plate D 1 Weaning bowl – side view D 2 Weaning bowl – top view Figure 2 — Examples of feeding utensils

SIST EN 14372:2005
EN 14372:2004 (E) 8

Key A 1 Feeding utensil with suction pad – side view A 2 Feeding utensil – top view B 1 Suction pad – side view B 2 Suction pad – top view B 3 Suction pad release tab Figure 3 — Example of a feeding utensil with separate suction pad

5 Requirements 5.1 General All materials of construction shall comply with the requirements in this document. 5.2 General requirements 5.2.1 Visual and tactile examination All components of cutlery and feeding utensils when assembled for use, shall be free from points and edges which are likely to cause injury. The article shall be free from splinters, burrs and flash. 5.2.2 Sharp points

Accessible points shall not be sharp points as determined in accordance with 6.2.1. 5.2.3 Sharp edges Accessible edges shall not be sharp edges as determined in accordance with 6.2.2. SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 9 5.2.4 Small parts When inserted into a small parts cylinder (see Figure 4), no component part of tested sample shall fit entirely within the cylinder in any orientation and without compression.

Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 4 — Small parts cylinder 5.2.5 Holes (Finger traps) To avoid entrapment of fingers there shall be no accessible hole which allows the insertion of a 5,5 mm diameter rod, unless the accessible hole also allows the insertion of a 12 mm diameter rod or has a penetration of less than 10 mm.

This requirement applies only to components made of materials with a Shore A hardness of more than 60 IRHDs. NOTE Circular holes not meeting this requirement present a risk of restricting blood circulation. Also, non-circular holes with acute V-shaped angles or inward facing angles that are not well rounded should be avoided. 5.2.6 Printed decorations When tested in accordance with EN ISO 2409, no print from decoration shall be removed from any product. Adhesive labels shall not be used. SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 10 5.3 Mechanical requirements 5.3.1 Tensile strength All products with more than one component and which are intended to be held by a child shall be tested as described in 6.2.3. No component shall break, tear or separate during this test. 5.3.2 Torque test If a component can be gripped between thumb and forefinger, it shall be torque tested according to EN 71-1. No component shall break, tear or separate during this test. 5.3.3 Tear resistance Components produced out of materials with a Shore A hardness of less than 60 IRHDs but excluding suction pads shall be tested as described in 6.2.4. The tested component shall not break, tear or separate during the subsequent tensile test. 5.3.4 Strength/rigidity When tested in accordance with 6.2.5, no component of cutlery shall break, tear or separate.

5.3.5 Drop test All products shall be tested in accordance with EN 71-1. If the product breaks, a warning shall be provided as given in 7.4. 5.4 Chemical requirements 5.4.1 General Materials used for the manufacture of cutlery and feeding utensils shall be subjected to the tests listed in Table 1 and shall conform to 5.4.2. 5.4.2 Chemical properties 5.4.2.1 Requirements by material Materials used in the manufacture of components of cutlery and feeding utensils shall be subjected to the tests marked with an x in Table 1. SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 11 Table 1 — Tests to be carried out on materials Tests Migration of certain elements Phthalate content Volatile compounds content Formaldehyde release Nickel release

Bisphenol Arelease

Material (see 6.3.1) (see 6.3.2) (see 6.3.3) (see 6.3.4) (see 6.3.5) (see 6.3.6) Silicone rubber x

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) x
Glass, ceramics, glass-ceramics, vitreous enamels and other enamels x
Thermoplastics
x x
x a Thermosetting plastics x
Metals / Alloys
Wood x

a Only thermoplastics containing polycarbonate or polysulfone shall be tested for Bisphenol A release 5.4.2.2 Migration of certain elements

When tested in accordance with 6.3.1, the migration of all elements from all material(s) used in the manufacture of cutlery and feeding utensils shall not exceed the limits given in Table 2. When components of cutlery and feeding utensils are manufactured of different material(s), or in different colours, all components shall be tested individually. Decorations shall be considered to be part(s) of the material(s) on which they are printed.

Table 2 — Limits of element migration Element Limit mg/kg Antimony, Sb Arsenic, As Barium, Ba Cadmium, Cd Lead, Pb Chromium, Cr Mercury, Hg Selenium, Se 15 10 100 20 25 10 10 100 NOTE The analytical method specified in EN 71-3 has been applied in this document to cutlery and feeding utensils. The limits have been setbased on the limit of detection for each element using commonly available analytical techniques. 5.4.2.3 Phthalate content When thermoplastic components of cutlery and feeding utensils are tested according to 6.3.2, the total content of specified phthalates shall not exceed 0,1 % (m/m). SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 12 5.4.2.4 Volatile compounds content When silicone rubber components of cutlery and feeding utensils are tested according to 6.3.3, the volatile compounds content shall not exceed 0,5 % (m/m). 5.4.2.5 Formaldehyde release When thermosetting plastic or wood components of cutlery and feeding utensils are tested according to 6.3.4, the release of formaldehyde shall not exceed 15 mg formaldehyde/kg migration liquid. 5.4.2.6 Nickel release When metal or alloys are tested according to 6.3.5, the release of nickel shall not exceed 0,5 µg/cm2/week. 5.4.2.7 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane [Bisphenol A] (BPA) release When polycarbonate and polysulfone containing thermoplastic components of cutlery and feeding utensils are tested according to 6.3.6, the migration of the following chemical shall not exceed 0,03 µg/ml into aqueous food simulant: 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane [Bisphenol A] (BPA) CAS No. 80-05-7 IUPAC 4,4’-(methylethylidene)-bisphenol or 4,4’-isopropylidenediphenol 6 Test methods 6.1 Preparation of samples and general testing conditions All samples shall be submerged in water at (60 ± 2) °C for (10 ± 0,5) min. Drain excess water before allowing the samples to cool to room temperature in a desiccator for (24 ± 1) h prior to testing. Use new samples, preferably from the same batch, for each test unless otherwise stated (i.e. samples used in one test shall not be used in another test). 6.2 Mechanical tests 6.2.1 Sharp points test Test in accordance with EN 71-1. 6.2.2 Sharp edges test Test in accordance with EN 71-1. 6.2.3 Tensile test The tensile force shall be applied to one component of the sample whilst another component is firmly held. A pre-load of (5 ± 2) N shall be applied to align the specimen and then the force shall be increased to (90 ± 5) N at a cross head speed of (10 ± 5) mm/min and maintained at that level for (10 ± 1) s. Clamps or other devices shall hold the components securely during the test without giving rise to damage which might affect the test result. Any results where such damage occurs shall be disregarded. Tests shall be carried out along the major axis and at the right angles to the major axis. Every possible combination of pairs of components shall be tested. SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 13 6.2.4 Tear resistance test The components to be tested shall be separated or if necessary, cut from any other components. Place the component to be tested on a cutting board of at least 10 mm thickness and (70 ± 5) Shore D hardness. Place the tip of the indentor, the shape and dimensions of which are given in Figure 5, in the approximate centre of the largest surface of the component to be tested. At a crosshead speed of (10 ± 5) mm/min apply a force of (200 ± 10) N for (1 ± 0,5) s. If the indentor punctures the component carry out a tensile test in accordance with 6.2.3. For the component suitable fixing devices shall be used to hold opposite ends of the component securely, so that the puncture produced by the indentor is at 90 ° to the axis of tensile force.

Dimensions in millimetres
NOTE 1 All dimensions with a tolerance are machined as EN ISO 1302 [9] to

NOTE 2 Material: H13 high chrome tool steel or equivalent. Harden to 45-50 Rockwell C Figure 5 — Indentor for tear resistance test 6.2.5 Strength/rigidity The test shall be applied to all cutlery. A tensile testing machine with an attachment to facilitate three-point bend loading onto handles of articles shall be used to apply a compression load to (100 ± 5) N at a crosshead speed of (10 ± 5) mm/min and maintain for (10 ± 1) s as shown in Figure 6. SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 14 The load shall be applied at the mid point of item’s length. The test shall be repeated with load applied at (30 ± 1) mm either end of the product. In each test the restraining points shall be positioned (25 ± 1) mm from the load point. Note It may be necessary to prevent the cutlery from slipping during the test.

Dimensions in millimetres

NOTE 1 Material: H13 high chrome tool steel or equivalent. Harden to 45-50 Rockwell C. NOTE 2 Dimensions marked as “A” made to fit the individual test machine load cell. NOTE 3 Dimensions marked as “B” made to fit the individual test machine table. Figure 6 — Apparatus for strength/rigidity test SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 15 6.3 Chemical tests 6.3.1 Determination of the migration of certain elements 6.3.1.1 Principle Soluble elements (antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium) are extracted from the individual components of the cutlery and feeding utensils which are accessible to the child. Conditions which simulate contact with stomach acid shall be used. The concentrations of the soluble elements are described quantitatively. 6.3.1.2 Apparatus, reagents, procedure and determination Tests shall be carried out according to EN 71-3. 6.3.2 Determination of phthalate content 6.3.2.1 Principle The aim of the method is primarily to extract, identify and quantify monomeric phthalates (with wider application to other types of plasticisers) contained in PVC samples. The extraction method uses Soxhlet extraction apparatus with diethyl ether. The total diethyl ether extractable plasticiser content is calculated by weight with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) detection to identify and quantify individual phthalates. NOTE It is recommended that suitable qualitative methods be used to identify chlorine containing materials [10]. 6.3.2.2 Apparatus 6.3.2.2.1 Balance (accurate to 4 decimal points). 6.3.2.2.2 150 ml stoppered flat-bottomed flask.

6.3.2.2.3 Soxhlet extractor with siphon cup. 6.3.2.2.4 Soxhlet cellulose thimble. 6.3.2.2.5 Water cooled condenser. 6.3.2.2.6 Spark proof heating mantle/water bath. 6.3.2.2.7 Steam bath. 6.3.2.2.8 Oven (105 ± 5) °C.

6.3.2.2.9 Desiccator chamber. 6.3.2.2.10 (200 ± 0,15) ml volumetric flask. 6.3.2.3 Reagents (analytical grade) 6.3.2.3.1 Diethyl ether. 6.3.2.3.2 n-Hexane. 6.3.2.3.3 Di-isononyl phthalate (DINP), CAS No. 28553-12-0. 6.3.2.3.4 Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), CAS No. 117-81-7. 6.3.2.3.5 Di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), CAS No. 117-84-0. SIST EN 14372:2005

EN 14372:2004 (E) 16 6.3.2.3.6 Di-iso-decyl phthalate (DIDP), CAS No. 26761-40-0. 6.3.2.3.7 Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), CAS No. 85-68-7. 6.3.2.3.8 Di-butyl phthalate (DBP), CAS No. 84-74-2. 6.3.2.4 Reagents (standard solutions)

Prepare a series of individual stock standard solutions of the individual phthalate esters in n-Hexane as shown in Table 3. Table 3 — Stock solutions Phthalate ester DIDP DINP DBP BBP DNOP DEHP Concentration µg/ml 5 000 5 000 200 200 200 200 Where appropriate from the stock standard solutions prepare two sets of five phthalate esters GC-MS calibration solutions in n-Hexane to the maximum linear concentration shown in Table 4 (Calibration Set 1), and Table 5 (Calibration Set 2). Table 4 — Calibration Set 1 Phthalate ester DINP DBP BBP DEHP Concentration µg/ml 5 000 20 20 20 Table 5 — Calibration Set 2 Phthalate ester DIDP DNOP Concentration µg/ml 5 000 20 6.3.2.5 Sampling, extraction and gravimetric analysis for phthalate plasticisers Place the sample in a pre-weighed 150 ml flat bottomed flask and heat in an oven at (105 ± 5) °C for (30 ± 5) min. Allow to cool in a desiccator. Weigh the flask and sample. Use a scalpel or other appropriate cutting utensils to cut a representative portion from the sample into small pieces (< 5 mm ∅). Weigh accurately (2 ± 0,2) g of the pieces into a Soxhlet thimble and add cotton wool to the top of the thimble. Add approximately (50 ± 10) ml of diethyl ether into the flask. Reflux gently for 6 h ± 30 min. Allow sufficient time for the diethyl ether to cool. Completely evaporate the diethyl ether by means of a steam bath. Place the flask in an oven at (105 ± 5) °C for (30 ± 5) min. Allow to cool in a desiccator and weigh. Repeat the drying and cooling cycles until the difference between two consecutive weighings are not more than 0,0005 g. A blank solution

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