Geographic information - Services

ISO 19119:2016 defines requirements for how platform neutral and platform specific specification of services shall be created, in order to allow for one service to be specified independently of one or more underlying distributed computing platforms.
ISO 19119:2016 defines requirements for a further mapping from platform neutral to platform specific service specifications, in order to enable conformant and interoperable service implementations.
ISO 19119:2016 addresses the Meta:Service foundation of the ISO geographic information reference model described in ISO 19101‑1:2014, Clause 6 and Clause 8, respectively.
ISO 19119:2016 defines how geographic services shall be categorised according to a service taxonomy based on architectural areas and allows also for services to be categorised according to a usage life cycle perspective, as well as according to domain specific and user defined service taxonomies, providing support for easier publication and discovery of services.

Information géographique - Services

ISO 19119:2016 d�finit des exigences sur la fa�on dont une sp�cification de services propre � une plate-forme et applicable � toutes les plates-formes doit �tre cr��e, de mani�re � ce qu'un service puisse �tre sp�cifi� ind�pendamment d'une ou de plusieurs plates-formes informatiques distribu�es sous-jacentes.
ISO 19119:2016 d�finit des exigences pour une mise en correspondance suppl�mentaire des sp�cifications de services applicables � toutes les plates-formes avec les sp�cifications de services propres � une plate-forme, de mani�re � assurer des impl�mentations de services conformes et interop�rables.
ISO 19119:2016 traite du fondement M�ta:Service du mod�le de r�f�rence d'information g�ographique ISO d�crit dans l'ISO 19101‑1:2014, Articles 6 et 8.
ISO 19119:2016 d�finit la fa�on dont des services g�ographiques doivent �tre class�s selon une taxonomie de services bas�e sur des domaines architecturaux, et permet �galement de classer les services selon une perspective de cycle de vie � l'usage ainsi que selon des taxonomies de services propres � un domaine et d�finies par l'utilisateur, ce qui fournit un support facilitant la publication et la d�couverte de services.

Geografske informacije - Storitve

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Dec-2016
Publication Date
05-Apr-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
98 - Abandoned project (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-Apr-2017
Due Date
11-Apr-2017
Completion Date
06-Apr-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
01-december-2016
Geografske informacije - Storitve
Geographic information - Services
Information géographique - Services
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 19119:2016
ICS:
03.080.01 Storitve na splošno Services in general
07.040 Astronomija. Geodezija. Astronomy. Geodesy.
Geografija Geography
35.240.70 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in science
znanosti
oSIST ISO 19119:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
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oSIST ISO 19119:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19119
Second edition
2016-01-15
Geographic information — Services
Information géographique — Services
Reference number
ISO 19119:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.1 Claiming conformance ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.2 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.3 Enterprise viewpoint ......................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.4 Computational viewpoint .............................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.5 Information viewpoint ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.6 Service taxonomies ............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

2.7 Engineering viewpoint ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.8 Technology viewpoint ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Terms and definitions and abbreviations .................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Notation ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Conformance class ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Requirements class ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.4 Rules ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.5 Identifiers .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.6 Conceptual schemas ........................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.7 Descriptions of concepts ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.8 Architecture patterns ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6 Overview of geographic services architecture ...................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Purpose and justification ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Relationship to ISO 19101-1 ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Interoperability reference model based on ISO RM-ODP ...............................................................................10

6.4 Service abstraction ...........................................................................................................................................................................11

6.5 Interoperability ...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6 Use of other geographic information standards in service specifications .......................................14

7 Enterprise viewpoint: A context for services .......................................................................................................................14

7.1 Enterprise viewpoint ......................................................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Enterprise viewpoint service specifications ..............................................................................................................15

7.3 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................16

7.4 Example and tools .............................................................................................................................................................................17

8 Computational viewpoint: A basis for service interfaces and chaining ...................................................17

8.1 Component and service interoperability and the computational viewpoint .................................17

8.2 Services, interfaces and operations ...................................................................................................................................18

8.3 Computational viewpoint service specifications ...................................................................................................19

8.3.1 Requirements class for computational viewpoint service specifications ...................19

8.3.2 Service interfaces with operations ................................................................................................................19

8.3.3 Service behaviour and constraints ................................................................................................................21

8.4 Service chaining ..................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.4.2 Anatomy of a service chain ..................................................................................................................................24

8.4.3 Service chain modelling ..........................................................................................................................................25

8.4.4 Services organizer folder .......................................................................................................................................27

8.4.5 Services to enable service chaining ..............................................................................................................27

8.4.6 Architecture patterns for service chaining.............................................................................................28

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)

8.4.7 Variations on chaining patterns .......................................................................................................................33

8.5 Service metadata ................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.6 Simple service architecture .......................................................................................................................................................34

8.7 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................35

8.8 Examples and tools: Service modelling with SoaML ...........................................................................................35

9 Information viewpoint: A basis for semantic interoperability .........................................................................35

9.1 Information model interoperability and the information viewpoint ...................................................35

9.2 Information viewpoint Service specifications ..........................................................................................................36

10 Service taxonomies .........................................................................................................................................................................................39

10.1 Need for multiple service taxonomies .............................................................................................................................39

10.2 Service taxonomies and requirements ............................................................................................................................40

10.3 Architectural reference model ................................................................................................................................................40

10.4 Definition of the Architectural reference model .....................................................................................................40

10.5 Uses of the Architectural reference model ...................................................................................................................40

10.6 Overview of the Architectural reference model ......................................................................................................41

10.6.1 Services and service interfaces ........................................................................................................................41

10.6.2 Identifying services and service interfaces for geographic information ......................42

10.7 Types of geographic information services ...................................................................................................................42

10.7.1 Requirement for service taxonomy ..............................................................................................................42

10.7.2 Types of information technology services relevant to geographic information ....42

10.7.3 Extension of service types for geographic information ..............................................................44

10.8 Geographic architecture services taxonomy ..............................................................................................................44

10.8.1 Geographic architecture services taxonomy requirements .....................................................44

10.8.2 Geographic boundary/human interaction services .......................................................................45

10.8.3 Geographic model/information management services ..............................................................46

10.8.4 Geographic workflow/task management services ..........................................................................47

10.8.5 Geographic processing services .......................................................................................................................47

10.8.6 Geographic communication services ..........................................................................................................50

10.8.7 Geographic system management and security services .............................................................50

10.9 ISO suite of International Standards in geographic architecture services taxonomy .............51

10.10 Geographic service chaining validity ................................................................................................................................51

10.11 User-perspective Lifecycle model for Services .........................................................................................................52

10.12 User-defined service taxonomies.........................................................................................................................................53

10.13 Services organizer folder (SOF) ............................................................................................................................................53

10.13.1 Grouping of services ..................................................................................................................................................53

10.13.2 Image exploitation SOF ...........................................................................................................................................53

10.13.3 Geographic data fusion SOF ................................................................................................................................54

10.14 Semantic information models .................................................................................................................................................55

10.15 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................56

10.16 Examples and tools ......... ..................................................................................................................................................................57

11 Engineering viewpoint: A basis for distribution and communication patterns ..............................57

11.1 Distribution transparencies and the engineering viewpoint .......................................................................57

11.2 Distributing components using a multi-tier architecture model..............................................................58

11.3 Distribution transparencies ......................................................................................................................................................61

11.4 Engineering viewpoint Service specifications ..........................................................................................................62

11.5 Multi-style SOA.....................................................................................................................................................................................63

11.6 Relevant architectural styles ....................................................................................................................................................63

11.6.1 Service-oriented architectures .........................................................................................................................63

11.6.2 Representational State Transfer (REST) ..................................................................................................64

11.6.3 Web 2.0 ..................................................................................................................................................................................65

12 Technology viewpoint: A basis for cross platform interoperability ............................................................66

12.1 Infrastructure interoperability and the technology viewpoint ..................................................................66

12.2 Need for multiple platform-specific specifications ..............................................................................................67

12.3 Conformance between platform-neutral and platform-specific service specifications ........67

12.4 From platform-neutral to platform-specific specifications ...........................................................................68

12.5 Technology objects ...........................................................................................................................................................................68

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)

12.6 Technology viewpoint service specifications ............................................................................................................68

12.6.1 Requirements class for technology viewpoint ....................................................................................68

12.6.2 Technology mappings ...............................................................................................................................................69

12.7 Architectural classification according to cloud computing service categories ............................71

Annex A (normative) Conformance ....................................................................................................................................................................72

Annex B (informative) Example user scenarios .....................................................................................................................................78

Annex C (informative) Principles for mapping to distributed computing platforms .....................................81

Annex D (informative) Use case-based methodology ......................................................................................................................92

Annex E (informative) Example — Use case template .....................................................................................................................95

Annex F (informative) Service modelling – SoaML .............................................................................................................................98

Bibliography .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................101

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 211, Geographic information/Geomatics.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 19119:2005), which has been technically

revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 19119:2005/Amd 1:2008.
vi © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Introduction

The widespread application of computers and use of geographic information systems (GIS) have led to

the increased analysis of geographic data within multiple disciplines. Based on advances in information

technology, society’s reliance on such data are growing. Geographic datasets are increasingly being

shared, exchanged, and used for purposes other than their producers’ intended ones. GIS, remote

sensing, automated mapping and facilities management (AM/FM), Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI),

traffic analysis, geopositioning systems, and other technologies for Geographic Information (GI) are

entering a period of radical integration.

This International Standard provides a framework for platform neutral and platform specific

specification of services that can enable users to access, process and manage geographic data from a

variety of sources, potentially for various distributed computing platforms (DCPs).

— “a framework for platform neutral and platform specific specification of services” means that this

International Standard provides requirements for how services shall be specified in such a way

that one service can be specified independently of one or more underlying distributed computing

platforms. The framework provides requirements for a further mapping to specific platforms in

order to enable conformant platform specific specifications to ensure conforming and interoperable

service implementations.

— “access, process and manage” means that geodata users can query remote databases and control

remote processing resources and also take advantage of other distributed computing technologies,

such as software delivered to the user’s local environment from a remote environment for

temporary use;

— “from a variety of sources” means that users will have access to data acquired in a variety of ways

and stored in a wide variety of relational and non-relational databases;

— “across a generic computing interface” means that ISO 19119 interfaces provide reliable communication

between otherwise disparate software resources that are equipped to use these interfaces;

— “within an open information technology environment” means that this International Standard

enables geoprocessing to take place outside of the closed environment of monolithic GIS, remote

sensing, and AM/FM systems that control and restrict database, user interface, network and data

manipulation functions;

— services shall be categorised according to a service taxonomy based on architectural areas and may

also be categorised according to a usage life cycle perspective, as well as according to domain specific

and user defined service taxonomies, providing support for publication and discovery of services.

The difference between this version of this International Standard and the previous ISO 19119:2005

version is the following:

This International Standard has defined a set of requirements and related abstract tests for the

specification of services according to enterprise, computational, information, engineering and

technology viewpoints. This International Standard has defined a set of requirements for categorizing

services according to service taxonomies. The service metadata has been moved to ISO 19115-1.

Service policies, service contracts including service level agreements (SLAs) are currently not specified

as part of this International Standard, as these are considered most relevant for service deployment

and service ownership, which is not currently a focus for this International Standard.

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved vii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST ISO 19119:2016
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19119:2016(E)
Geographic information — Services
1 Scope

This International Standard defines requirements for how platform neutral and platform specific

specification of services shall be created, in order to allow for one service to be specified independently

of one or more underlying distributed computing platforms.

This International Standard defines requirements for a further mapping from platform neutral to

platform specific service specifications, in order to enable conformant and interoperable service

implementations.

This International Standard addresses the Meta:Service foundation of the ISO geographic information

reference model described in ISO 19101-1:2014, Clause 6 and Clause 8, respectively.

This International Standard defines how geographic services shall be categorised according to a

service taxonomy based on architectural areas and allows also for services to be categorised according

to a usage life cycle perspective, as well as according to domain specific and user defined service

taxonomies, providing support for easier publication and discovery of services.
2 Conformance
2.1 Claiming conformance

Any product claiming conformance with the conformance classes in this International Standard shall

pass all the associated requirements described in the abstract test suite given in Annex A.

2.2 General

This International Standard defines six conformance classes shown in Table 1 to Table 6, matching the

six requirements classes described in Clause 7 to Clause 12. Any service claiming conformance to any

requirements class in this International Standard shall pass all of the tests listed in the corresponding

conformance class, which are described in detail in the abstract test suites in Annex A. Each test relates

to one o
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19119
Second edition
2016-01-15
Geographic information — Services
Information géographique — Services
Reference number
ISO 19119:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 19119:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.1 Claiming conformance ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.2 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.3 Enterprise viewpoint ......................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.4 Computational viewpoint .............................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.5 Information viewpoint ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.6 Service taxonomies ............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

2.7 Engineering viewpoint ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.8 Technology viewpoint ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Terms and definitions and abbreviations .................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Notation ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Conformance class ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Requirements class ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.4 Rules ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.5 Identifiers .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.6 Conceptual schemas ........................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.7 Descriptions of concepts ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.8 Architecture patterns ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6 Overview of geographic services architecture ...................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Purpose and justification ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Relationship to ISO 19101-1 ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Interoperability reference model based on ISO RM-ODP ...............................................................................10

6.4 Service abstraction ...........................................................................................................................................................................11

6.5 Interoperability ...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6 Use of other geographic information standards in service specifications .......................................14

7 Enterprise viewpoint: A context for services .......................................................................................................................14

7.1 Enterprise viewpoint ......................................................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Enterprise viewpoint service specifications ..............................................................................................................15

7.3 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................16

7.4 Example and tools .............................................................................................................................................................................17

8 Computational viewpoint: A basis for service interfaces and chaining ...................................................17

8.1 Component and service interoperability and the computational viewpoint .................................17

8.2 Services, interfaces and operations ...................................................................................................................................18

8.3 Computational viewpoint service specifications ...................................................................................................19

8.3.1 Requirements class for computational viewpoint service specifications ...................19

8.3.2 Service interfaces with operations ................................................................................................................19

8.3.3 Service behaviour and constraints ................................................................................................................21

8.4 Service chaining ..................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.4.2 Anatomy of a service chain ..................................................................................................................................24

8.4.3 Service chain modelling ..........................................................................................................................................25

8.4.4 Services organizer folder .......................................................................................................................................27

8.4.5 Services to enable service chaining ..............................................................................................................27

8.4.6 Architecture patterns for service chaining.............................................................................................28

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 19119:2016(E)

8.4.7 Variations on chaining patterns .......................................................................................................................33

8.5 Service metadata ................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.6 Simple service architecture .......................................................................................................................................................34

8.7 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................35

8.8 Examples and tools: Service modelling with SoaML ...........................................................................................35

9 Information viewpoint: A basis for semantic interoperability .........................................................................35

9.1 Information model interoperability and the information viewpoint ...................................................35

9.2 Information viewpoint Service specifications ..........................................................................................................36

10 Service taxonomies .........................................................................................................................................................................................39

10.1 Need for multiple service taxonomies .............................................................................................................................39

10.2 Service taxonomies and requirements ............................................................................................................................40

10.3 Architectural reference model ................................................................................................................................................40

10.4 Definition of the Architectural reference model .....................................................................................................40

10.5 Uses of the Architectural reference model ...................................................................................................................40

10.6 Overview of the Architectural reference model ......................................................................................................41

10.6.1 Services and service interfaces ........................................................................................................................41

10.6.2 Identifying services and service interfaces for geographic information ......................42

10.7 Types of geographic information services ...................................................................................................................42

10.7.1 Requirement for service taxonomy ..............................................................................................................42

10.7.2 Types of information technology services relevant to geographic information ....42

10.7.3 Extension of service types for geographic information ..............................................................44

10.8 Geographic architecture services taxonomy ..............................................................................................................44

10.8.1 Geographic architecture services taxonomy requirements .....................................................44

10.8.2 Geographic boundary/human interaction services .......................................................................45

10.8.3 Geographic model/information management services ..............................................................46

10.8.4 Geographic workflow/task management services ..........................................................................47

10.8.5 Geographic processing services .......................................................................................................................47

10.8.6 Geographic communication services ..........................................................................................................50

10.8.7 Geographic system management and security services .............................................................50

10.9 ISO suite of International Standards in geographic architecture services taxonomy .............51

10.10 Geographic service chaining validity ................................................................................................................................51

10.11 User-perspective Lifecycle model for Services .........................................................................................................52

10.12 User-defined service taxonomies.........................................................................................................................................53

10.13 Services organizer folder (SOF) ............................................................................................................................................53

10.13.1 Grouping of services ..................................................................................................................................................53

10.13.2 Image exploitation SOF ...........................................................................................................................................53

10.13.3 Geographic data fusion SOF ................................................................................................................................54

10.14 Semantic information models .................................................................................................................................................55

10.15 Examples of relevant standards ............................................................................................................................................56

10.16 Examples and tools ......... ..................................................................................................................................................................57

11 Engineering viewpoint: A basis for distribution and communication patterns ..............................57

11.1 Distribution transparencies and the engineering viewpoint .......................................................................57

11.2 Distributing components using a multi-tier architecture model..............................................................58

11.3 Distribution transparencies ......................................................................................................................................................61

11.4 Engineering viewpoint Service specifications ..........................................................................................................62

11.5 Multi-style SOA.....................................................................................................................................................................................63

11.6 Relevant architectural styles ....................................................................................................................................................63

11.6.1 Service-oriented architectures .........................................................................................................................63

11.6.2 Representational State Transfer (REST) ..................................................................................................64

11.6.3 Web 2.0 ..................................................................................................................................................................................65

12 Technology viewpoint: A basis for cross platform interoperability ............................................................66

12.1 Infrastructure interoperability and the technology viewpoint ..................................................................66

12.2 Need for multiple platform-specific specifications ..............................................................................................67

12.3 Conformance between platform-neutral and platform-specific service specifications ........67

12.4 From platform-neutral to platform-specific specifications ...........................................................................68

12.5 Technology objects ...........................................................................................................................................................................68

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 19119:2016(E)

12.6 Technology viewpoint service specifications ............................................................................................................68

12.6.1 Requirements class for technology viewpoint ....................................................................................68

12.6.2 Technology mappings ...............................................................................................................................................69

12.7 Architectural classification according to cloud computing service categories ............................71

Annex A (normative) Conformance ....................................................................................................................................................................72

Annex B (informative) Example user scenarios .....................................................................................................................................78

Annex C (informative) Principles for mapping to distributed computing platforms .....................................81

Annex D (informative) Use case-based methodology ......................................................................................................................92

Annex E (informative) Example — Use case template .....................................................................................................................95

Annex F (informative) Service modelling – SoaML .............................................................................................................................98

Bibliography .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................101

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 211, Geographic information/Geomatics.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 19119:2005), which has been technically

revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 19119:2005/Amd 1:2008.
vi © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 19119:2016(E)
Introduction

The widespread application of computers and use of geographic information systems (GIS) have led to

the increased analysis of geographic data within multiple disciplines. Based on advances in information

technology, society’s reliance on such data are growing. Geographic datasets are increasingly being

shared, exchanged, and used for purposes other than their producers’ intended ones. GIS, remote

sensing, automated mapping and facilities management (AM/FM), Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI),

traffic analysis, geopositioning systems, and other technologies for Geographic Information (GI) are

entering a period of radical integration.

This International Standard provides a framework for platform neutral and platform specific

specification of services that can enable users to access, process and manage geographic data from a

variety of sources, potentially for various distributed computing platforms (DCPs).

— “a framework for platform neutral and platform specific specification of services” means that this

International Standard provides requirements for how services shall be specified in such a way

that one service can be specified independently of one or more underlying distributed computing

platforms. The framework provides requirements for a further mapping to specific platforms in

order to enable conformant platform specific specifications to ensure conforming and interoperable

service implementations.

— “access, process and manage” means that geodata users can query remote databases and control

remote processing resources and also take advantage of other distributed computing technologies,

such as software delivered to the user’s local environment from a remote environment for

temporary use;

— “from a variety of sources” means that users will have access to data acquired in a variety of ways

and stored in a wide variety of relational and non-relational databases;

— “across a generic computing interface” means that ISO 19119 interfaces provide reliable communication

between otherwise disparate software resources that are equipped to use these interfaces;

— “within an open information technology environment” means that this International Standard

enables geoprocessing to take place outside of the closed environment of monolithic GIS, remote

sensing, and AM/FM systems that control and restrict database, user interface, network and data

manipulation functions;

— services shall be categorised according to a service taxonomy based on architectural areas and may

also be categorised according to a usage life cycle perspective, as well as according to domain specific

and user defined service taxonomies, providing support for publication and discovery of services.

The difference between this version of this International Standard and the previous ISO 19119:2005

version is the following:

This International Standard has defined a set of requirements and related abstract tests for the

specification of services according to enterprise, computational, information, engineering and

technology viewpoints. This International Standard has defined a set of requirements for categorizing

services according to service taxonomies. The service metadata has been moved to ISO 19115-1.

Service policies, service contracts including service level agreements (SLAs) are currently not specified

as part of this International Standard, as these are considered most relevant for service deployment

and service ownership, which is not currently a focus for this International Standard.

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19119:2016(E)
Geographic information — Services
1 Scope

This International Standard defines requirements for how platform neutral and platform specific

specification of services shall be created, in order to allow for one service to be specified independently

of one or more underlying distributed computing platforms.

This International Standard defines requirements for a further mapping from platform neutral to

platform specific service specifications, in order to enable conformant and interoperable service

implementations.

This International Standard addresses the Meta:Service foundation of the ISO geographic information

reference model described in ISO 19101-1:2014, Clause 6 and Clause 8, respectively.

This International Standard defines how geographic services shall be categorised according to a

service taxonomy based on architectural areas and allows also for services to be categorised according

to a usage life cycle perspective, as well as according to domain specific and user defined service

taxonomies, providing support for easier publication and discovery of services.
2 Conformance
2.1 Claiming conformance

Any product claiming conformance with the conformance classes in this International Standard shall

pass all the associated requirements described in the abstract test suite given in Annex A.

2.2 General

This International Standard defines six conformance classes shown in Table 1 to Table 6, matching the

six requirements classes described in Clause 7 to Clause 12. Any service claiming conformance to any

requirements class in this International Standard shall pass all of the tests listed in the corresponding

conformance class, which are described in detail in the abstract test suites in Annex A. Each test relates

to one or more specific requirements, which are explicitly indicated in the description of the test.

2.3 Enterprise viewpoint
The enterprise viewpoint conformance class is shown in Table 1.
Table 1 — Enterprise viewpoint conformance class
Conformance class /conf/enterpriseviewpoint
Requirements /req/enterpriseviewpoint (Table 11)
Tests All tests in A.2
2.4 Computational viewpoint
The computational viewpoint conformance class is shown in Table 2.
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ISO 19119:2016(E)
Table 2 — Computational viewpoint conformance class
Conformance class /conf/computationalviewpoint
Dependency /conf/enterpriseviewpoint
Requirements /req/computationalviewpoint (Table 12)
Tests All tests in A.3
2.5 Information viewpoint
The information viewpoint conformance class is shown in Table 3.
Table 3 — Information viewpoint conformance class
Conformance class /conf/informationviewpoint
Dep
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 19119
Deuxième édition
2016-01-15
Information géographique — Services
Geographic information — Services
Numéro de référence
ISO 19119:2016(F)
ISO 2016
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ISO 19119:2016(F)
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ISO 19119:2016(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Domaine d’application ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Conformité .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.1 Revendication de conformité ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.2 Généralités .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.3 Point de vue d’entreprise ............................................................................................................................................................... 1

2.4 Point de vue informatique ............................................................................................................................................................. 1

2.5 Point de vue d’information ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.6 Taxonomies de services ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

2.7 Point de vue d’ingénierie................................................................................................................................................................ 2

2.8 Point de vue de technologie ......................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Références normatives ................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Termes, définitions et abréviations .................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1 Termes et définitions ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Abréviations .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5 Notation ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 Généralités .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

5.2 Classe de conformité .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Classe d’exigences ................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5.4 Règles .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.5 Identifiants ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.6 Schémas conceptuels ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.7 Descriptions de concepts ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.8 Schémas d’architecture .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Vue d’ensemble de l’architecture des services géographiques ............................................................................ 9

6.1 Objectif et justification ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Relation avec l’ISO 19101-1 ......................................................................................................................................................10

6.3 Modèle de référence d’interopérabilité fondé sur l’ISO RM-ODP .............................................................11

6.4 Abstraction de service ...................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Interopérabilité ...................................................................................................................................................................................14

6.6 Utilisation d’autres normes traitant de l’information géographique dans les

spécifications de services ...........................................................................................................................................................15

7 Point de vue d’entreprise: un contexte pour les services .......................................................................................15

7.1 Point de vue d’entreprise ............................................................................................................................................................15

7.2 Spécifications de services du point de vue d’entreprise ..................................................................................16

7.3 Exemples de normes pertinentes ........................................................................................................................................18

7.4 Exemple et outils ................................................................................................................................................................................18

8 Point de vue informatique: une base pour les interfaces et chaînes de services ...........................18

8.1 Interopérabilité des composants et des services, et point de vue informatique ........................18

8.2 Services, interfaces et opérations ........................................................................................................................................19

8.3 Spécifications de services du point de vue informatique ................................................................................20

8.3.1 Classe d’exigences pour des spécifications de services du point de

vue informatique ..........................................................................................................................................................20

8.3.2 Interfaces de service avec opérations .........................................................................................................21

8.3.3 Comportement des services et contraintes ...........................................................................................23

8.4 Chaînage de services .......................................................................................................................................................................25

8.4.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................25

8.4.2 Anatomie d’une chaîne de services ...............................................................................................................26

8.4.3 Modélisation de chaînes de services ...........................................................................................................28

8.4.4 Répertoire organisateur de services ............................................................................................................29

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ISO 19119:2016(F)

8.4.5 Services nécessaires au chaînage de services ......................................................................................29

8.4.6 Schémas d’architecture pour le chaînage de services ..................................................................30

8.4.7 Variations relatives aux schémas de chaînage ....................................................................................37

8.5 Métadonnées de service...............................................................................................................................................................38

8.6 Architecture de service simple ...............................................................................................................................................38

8.7 Exemples de normes pertinentes ........................................................................................................................................38

8.8 Exemples et outils: Modélisation de service avec SoaML ...............................................................................39

9 Point de vue d’information: une base pour l’interopérabilité sémantique .........................................39

9.1 Interopérabilité des modèles d’information et point de vue d’information ...................................39

9.2 Spécifications de services du point de vue d’information ..............................................................................40

10 Taxonomies de services .............................................................................................................................................................................44

10.1 Nécessité de plusieurs taxonomies de services .......................................................................................................44

10.2 Taxonomies de services et exigences................................................................................................................................44

10.3 Modèle architectural de référence ......................................................................................................................................44

10.4 Définition du modèle architectural de référence ...................................................................................................45

10.5 Utilisations du modèle architectural de référence ................................................................................................45

10.6 Présentation du modèle architectural de référence ............................................................................................45

10.6.1 Services et interfaces de service......................................................................................................................45

10.6.2 Identification des services et des interfaces de service pour

l’information géographique .................................................................................................................................46

10.7 Types de services d’information géographique ......................................................................................................47

10.7.1 Exigence en matière de taxonomie de services ..................................................................................47

10.7.2 Types de services des technologies de l’information pertinents pour

l’information géographique .................................................................................................................................47

10.7.3 Extension de types de services pour les informations géographiques ..........................49

10.8 Taxonomie des services architecturaux géographiques ..................................................................................49

10.8.1 Exigences applicables à la taxonomie des services

architecturaux géographiques ..........................................................................................................................49

10.8.2 Services géographiques avec interaction de limite/interaction humaine ..................50

10.8.3 Services de gestion des modèles/informations géographiques ..........................................51

10.8.4 Services de gestion du workflow/des tâches géographiques ................................................52

10.8.5 Services de traitement géographique .........................................................................................................53

10.8.6 Services de communication géographique ............................................................................................56

10.8.7 Services de gestion de système géographique et de sécurité ................................................57

10.9 Série de Normes internationales ISO abordant la taxonomie des services

architecturaux géographiques ................................................................................................................................................57

10.10 Validité du chaînage de services géographique .......................................................................................................58

10.11 Modèle de cycle de vie selon une perspective utilisateur pour les services ...................................58

10.12 Taxonomie des services définies par les utilisateurs ..........................................................................................60

10.13 Répertoire organisateur de services (SOF) .................................................................................................................60

10.13.1 Groupement de services .........................................................................................................................................60

10.13.2 SOF d’exploitation d’images ................................................................................................................................60

10.13.3 SOF de fusion des données géographiques ............................................................................................61

10.14 Modèles d’information sémantiques ................................................................................................................................62

10.15 Exemples de normes pertinentes ........................................................................................................................................64

10.16 Exemples et outils .............................................................................................................................................................................64

11 Point de vue d’ingénierie: une base pour la distribution et les schémas

de communication ...........................................................................................................................................................................................65

11.1 Transparences à la distribution et point de vue d’ingénierie ......................................................................65

11.2 Distribution des composants en utilisant un modèle d’architecture multi-niveaux ...............66

11.3 Transparences à la distribution.............................................................................................................................................69

11.4 Spécifications de services du point de vue d’ingénierie ......... ..........................................................................69

11.5 Architecture SOA multi-style ...................................................................................................................................................70

11.6 Styles architecturaux pertinents ..........................................................................................................................................71

11.6.1 Architectures orientées services .....................................................................................................................71

11.6.2 Transfert d’état représentationnel (REST) ............................................................................................72

11.6.3 Web 2.0 ..................................................................................................................................................................................72

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ISO 19119:2016(F)

12 Point de vue de technologie: Une base pour l’interopérabilité multi-plates-formes.................73

12.1 Infrastructure d’interopérabilité et point de vue de technologie ............................................................73

12.2 Nécessité de plusieurs spécifications propres aux plates-formes ...........................................................74

12.3 Conformité entre les spécifications de services applicables à toutes les

plates-formes et les spécifications de services propres aux plates-formes ....................................75

12.4 Des spécifications applicables à toutes les plates-formes aux spécifications

propres à une plate-forme .........................................................................................................................................................76

12.5 Objets technologiques ...................................................................................................................................................................76

12.6 Spécifications de services du point de vue de technologie ............................................................................76

12.6.1 Classe d’exigences pour le point de vue de technologie .............................................................76

12.6.2 Mises en correspondance de technologies .............................................................................................77

12.7 Classification architecturale selon des catégories de services d’informatique en nuage ....79

Annexe A (normative) Conformité .......................................................................................................................................................................80

Annexe B (informative) Exemples de scénarios utilisateur.......................................................................................................86

Annexe C (informative) Principes de mise en correspondance avec les plates-formes

informatiques distribuées .......................................................................................................................................................................90

Annexe D (informative) Méthodologie basée sur des cas d’utilisation ......................................................................102

Annexe E (informative) Exemple: modèle de cas d’utilisation ...........................................................................................106

Annexe F (informative) Modélisation de service – SoaML .......................................................................................................109

Bibliographie .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................112

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ISO 19119:2016(F)
Avant-propos

L’ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d’organismes

nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de l’ISO). L’élaboration des Normes internationales est

en général confiée aux comités techniques de l’ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude

a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales,

gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec l’ISO participent également aux travaux.

L’ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (IEC) en ce qui

concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les procédures utilisées pour élaborer le présent document et celles destinées à sa mise à jour sont

décrites dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 1. Il convient, en particulier de prendre note des différents

critères d’approbation requis pour les différents types de documents ISO. Le présent document a été

rédigé conformément aux règles de rédaction données dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2 (voir www.

iso.org/directives).

L’attention est appelée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l’objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L’ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable

de ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence. Les détails concernant

les références aux droits de propriété intellectuelle ou autres droits analogues identifiés lors de

l’élaboration du document sont indiqués dans l’Introduction et/ou dans la liste des déclarations de

brevets reçues par l’ISO (voir www.iso.org/brevets).

Les appellations commerciales éventuellement mentionnées dans le présent document sont données

pour information, par souci de commodité, à l’intention des utilisateurs et ne sauraient constituer un

engagement.

Pour une explication de la signification des termes et expressions spécifiques de l’ISO liés à

l’évaluation de la conformité, ou pour toute information au sujet de l’adhésion de l’ISO aux principes

de l’OMC concernant les obstacles techniques au commerce (OTC), voir le lien suivant: Avant-propos —

Informations supplémentaires.

Le comité chargé de l’élaboration du présent document est l’ISO/TC 211, Information

géographique/Géomatique.

Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition (ISO 19119:2005), qui a fait l’objet d’une

révision technique. Elle incorpore également l’Amendement ISO 19119-1:2005/Amd.
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ISO 19119:2016(F)
Introduction

L’application généralisée des ordinateurs et l’utilisation de systèmes d’information géographique (SIG)

ont conduit à la progression de l’analyse des données géographiques dans diverses disciplines. Compte

tenu des progrès réalisés par les technologies de l’information, la dépendance de la société envers ce type

de données est grandissante. Les ensembles de données géographiques sont de plus en plus partagés,

échangés et utilisés à d’autres fins que celles auxquelles leurs producteurs les avaient destinés. Les SIG,

la télédétection, la cartographie automatisée et la gestion des installations (ou AM/FM pour Automated

Mapping and Facilities Management), l’Infrastructure de Données Spatiales (IDS), l’analyse du trafic,

les systèmes de géopositionnement et d’autres technologies de l’Information Géographique (IG) entrent

dans une période d’intégration radicale.

La présente Norme internationale fournit un cadre pour une spécification de services propre à une

plate-forme et applicable à toutes les plates-formes, qui permet aux utilisateurs d’accéder à des données

géographiques de sources diverses, de les traiter et de les gérer, éventuellement pour diverses plates-

formes informatiques distribuées (ou DCP pour Distributed Computing Platform).

— «un cadre pour une spécification de services propre à une plate-forme et applicable à toutes les

plates-formes» signifie que la présente Norme internationale fournit des exigences sur la façon dont

les services doivent être spécifiés de telle sorte qu’un service puisse être spécifié indépendamment

d’une ou de plusieurs plates-formes informatiques distribuées sous-jacentes. Le cadre fournit des

exigences pour une mise en correspondance supplémentaire avec des plates-formes spécifiques

de manière à permettre aux spécifications propres aux plates-formes conformes d’assurer des

implémentations de services conformes et interopérables.

— «accéder», «traiter» et «gérer» signifient que les utilisateurs de données géographiques peuvent

interroger des bases de données distantes et contrôler des ressources de traitement à distance, tout

en tirant avantage des autres technologies d’informatique distribuée, comme les logiciels pouvant

être utilisés sur l’environnement local de l’utilisateur à partir d’un environnement distant pour un

usage temporaire.

— «de sources diverses» signifie que les utilisateurs auront accès à des données acquises de diverses

façons et stockées dans un large éventail de bases de données relationnelles et non relationnelles.

— «par le biais d’une interface de calcul générique» signifie que les interfaces ISO 19119 assurent une

communication fiable entre des ressources logicielles par ailleurs disparates qui sont équipées pour

utiliser ces interfaces.

— «dans un environnement de technologie de l’information ouvert» signifie que la présente Norme

internationale permet au traitement géographique d’avoir lieu hors de l’environnement clos des

systèmes monolithiques de SIG, de télédétection et d’AM/FM qui contrôlent et restreignent les bases

de données, les interfaces utilisateur, les réseaux et les fonctions de manipulation de données.

— Les services doivent être classés selon une taxonomie de services basée sur des domaines

architecturaux, et peuvent également être classés selon une perspective de cycle de vie à l’usage

ainsi que selon des taxonomies de services propres à un domaine et définies par l’utilisateur, ce qui

fournit un support à la publication et à la découverte de services.

La différence entre la présente édition de cette Norme internationale et la précédente, l’ISO 19119:2005,

est la suivante:

La présente Norme internationale définit un ensemble d’exigences et de tests abstraits associés pour la

spécification de services selon des points de vue d’entreprise, informatique, d’information, d’ingénierie

et de technologie. La présente Norme internationale définit un ensemble d’exigences pour le classement

des services selon des taxonomies de services. Les métadonnées de service ne sont plus traitées dans la

présente Norme internationale mais le sont dans l’ISO 19115-1.

À l’heure actuelle, les politiques de service et les contrats de service, notamment les accords de niveau

de service (ou SLA pour Service Level Agreement), ne sont pas spécifiés dans le cadre de la présente

Norme internationale, car il est considéré qu’ils sont plus pertinents pour le déploiement de service et

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ISO 19119:2016(F)

la propriété de service, qui ne constituent actuellement pas des sujets centraux de la présente Norme

internationale.
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NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 19119:2016(F)
Information géographique — Services
1 Domaine d’application

La présente Norme internationale définit des exigences sur la façon dont une spécification de services

propre à une plate-forme et applicable à toutes les plates-formes doit être créée, de manière à ce qu’un

service puisse être spécifié indépendamment d’une ou de plusieurs plates-formes informatiques

distribuées sous-jacentes.

La présente Norme internationale définit des exigences pour une mise en correspondance

supplémentaire des spécifications de services applicables à toutes les plates-formes avec les

spécifications de services propres à une plate-forme, de manière à assurer des implémentations de

services conformes et interopérables.
La présente Norme interna
...

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