Railway applications - Communication, signalling and processing systems - European Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-Machine Interface -- Part 3: Ergonomic arrangements of ERTMS/GSM-R information

This Technical Specification describes from an ergonomic point of view how ERTMS information shall be arranged and displayed. This Technical Specification describes more ergonomic details than currently provided by the ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R specifications. This Technical Specification defines the ergonomics for the Driver-Machine Interface (DMI) for the ERTMS/ETCS Train Control System, and for the integrated ERTMS/GSM-R Train Control and Train Radio Systems, and for the stand alone ERTMS/GSM-R Train Radio Systems and for other technical systems currently provided on the engines. The ergonomics covers the - general arrangements (dialogue structure, sequences, layout philosophy, colour philosophy), - symbols, - audible information, - data entry arrangements. The aims of the ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R Train Control and Train Radio Systems are standardised systems facilitating interoperable movement of trains and permitting economies of scale in procurement and operations. The objective of this Technical Specification is to define the minimum requirements on the DMI that are necessary to enable these objectives to be achieved. Hence the Technical Specification is limited to ergonomic considerations and does not define the technology to be used for the implementation. The reasons for defining the ergonomics of the DMI are as follows: - achieving harmonised and coherent presentation for ERTMS/ETCS and STM information. Given the large number of STM's requiring the use the ERTMS/ETCS DMI, only a harmonised approach is feasible; - defining Driver-Machine Interface ergonomics that is compatible with agreed interoperable ERTMS specifications; - to reduce the risk of incorrect operation by a driver working with different trains fitted with ERTMS/ETCS and ERTMS/GSM-R; - facilitating train operation with a unified ergonomics, hence reducing the cost of driver training. This Technical Specification is applicable on all trains fitted with the ERTMS/ETCS and also for trains fitted with train radio (GSM-R) DMI. The scope of Part 3 of the Technical Specification CLC/TS 50459 series is to define ergonomic arrangements of ERTMS/GSM-R information only.

Bahnanwendungen - Telekommunikationstechnik, Signaltechnik und Datenverarbeitungssysteme - Europäisches Leitsystem für den Schienenverkehr - Mensch-Maschine Schnittstelle -- Teil 3: Ergonomische Anordnung der ERTMS/GSM-R Informationen

Applications ferroviaires - Systèmes de signalisation, de télécommunications et de traitement - Système européen de gestion du trafic ferroviaire - Interface de conduite -- Partie 3: Dispositions ergonomiques des informations ERTMS/GSM-R

Železniške naprave – Komunikacijski, signalni in procesni sistemi – Evropski sistem za vodenje železniškega prometa – Vmesnik človek-stroj – 3. del: Ergonomska razporeditev informacij ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-Dec-2005
Withdrawal Date
12-Jun-2016
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Jun-2016
Due Date
30-Jun-2016
Completion Date
13-Jun-2016

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SLOVENSKI SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-3:2006
STANDARD
januar 2006
Železniške naprave – Komunikacijski, signalni in procesni sistemi – Evropski
sistem za vodenje železniškega prometa – Vmesnik človek-stroj – 3. del:
Ergonomska razporeditev informacij ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R
(istoveten CLC/TS 50459-3:2005)
Railway applications – Communication, signalling and processing systems –
European Rail Traffic Management System – Driver-Machine Interface – Part 3:
Ergonomic arrangements of ERTMS/GSM-R information
ICS 03.220.30; 13.180; 35.240.60 Referenčna številka
SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-3:2006(en)

© Standard je založil in izdal Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje ali kopiranje celote ali delov tega dokumenta ni dovoljeno

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION CLC/TS 50459-3
SPECIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION September 2005
ICS 03.220.30; 13.180; 35.240.60
English version
Railway applications –
Communication, signalling and processing systems –
European Rail Traffic Management System –
Driver-Machine Interface
Part 3: Ergonomic arrangements of ERTMS/GSM-R information
Applications ferroviaires – Bahnanwendungen –
Systèmes de signalisation, de Telekommunikationstechnik, Signal-
télécommunications et de traitement – technik und Datenverarbeitungssysteme –
Système européen de gestion du trafic Europäisches Leitsystem für den
ferroviaire – Schienenverkehr –
Interface de conduite Mensch-Maschine Schnittstelle
Partie 3: Dispositions ergonomiques Teil 3: Ergonomische Anordnung
des informations ERTMS/GSM-R der ERTMS/GSM-R Informationen
This Technical Specification was approved by CENELEC on 2005-05-07.

CENELEC members are required to announce the existence of this TS in the same way as for an EN and to

make the TS available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting

national standards in force.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland and United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B - 1050 Brussels

© 2005 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. CLC/TS 50459-3:2005 E
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CLC/TS 50459-3:2005 - 2 -
Foreword

This Technical Specification was prepared by SC 9XA, Communication, signalling and processing systems,

of Technical Committee CENELEC TC 9X, Electrical and electronic applications for railways.

The text of the draft was submitted to the vote and was approved by CENELEC as CLC/TS 50459-3 on

2005-05-07.
The following date was fixed:
– latest date by which the existence of the CLC/TS
has to be announced at national level (doa) 2005-11-07

This Technical Specification has been prepared under mandates M/024 and M/334 given to CENELEC by

the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association.
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- 3 - CLC/TS 50459-3:2005
Contents
Page

Introduction....................................................................................................................................................5

1 Scope................................................................................................................................................6

2 Normative references.......................................................................................................................6

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................7

3.1 Definitions.........................................................................................................................................7

3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms.......................................................................................................7

4 General DMI-related principles.........................................................................................................7

4.1 General ergonomic principles...........................................................................................................7

4.2 DMI possibilities................................................................................................................................8

4.3 Hardware ..........................................................................................................................................8

4.4 Task structure...................................................................................................................................8

4.5 Flashing............................................................................................................................................9

4.6 Sounds.............................................................................................................................................9

4.7 Lists................................................................................................................................................10

5 GSM-R functions shown on the integrated DMI.............................................................................10

5.1 Introduction.....................................................................................................................................10

5.2 General functions ...........................................................................................................................11

5.3 Call-related functions: outgoing......................................................................................................15

5.4 Call-related functions: incoming.....................................................................................................27

5.5 Other call related functions.............................................................................................................35

5.6 Special functions not required directly by GSM-R..........................................................................42

5.7 Summary of key sequences ...........................................................................................................42

Annex A (informative) Examples of DMI solutions .....................................................................................44

A.1 Standalone solution on a touch screen device...............................................................................44

A.2 Combined / integrated solution on a touch screen device .............................................................45

A.3 Vertical standalone solution with soft keys.....................................................................................46

A.4 Horizontal standalone solution with soft keys ................................................................................47

Bibliography.................................................................................................................................................48

Figure 1 — Areas of the DMI Display............................................................................................................9

Figure 2 — Register Train Running Number...............................................................................................12

Figure 3 — Loss of Radio Network .............................................................................................................14

Figure 4 — Window with no call activity......................................................................................................15

Figure 5 — Call status information during outgoing call to Primary Controller ...........................................15

Figure 6 — Call Primary Controller .............................................................................................................17

Figure 7 — Group Call to other drivers in the same area ...........................................................................18

Figure 8 — Group Call to Group 846 ..........................................................................................................19

Figure 9 — Broadcast Call to Group 846 ....................................................................................................20

Figure 10 — Areas on the second level ......................................................................................................21

Figure 11 — Selecting other drivers on train...............................................................................................22

Figure 12 — Drivers connected in a Multi-party Call...................................................................................22

Figure 13 — Calling a stored number .........................................................................................................23

Figure 14 — Call a valid number.................................................................................................................24

Figure 15 — Call the last contacted address ..............................................................................................25

Figure 16 — Accessing train staff menu .....................................................................................................26

Figure 17 — Selection of member of staff...................................................................................................26

Figure 18 — Receiving a point-to-point call ................................................................................................27

Figure 19 — Receiving a Broadcast Call ....................................................................................................28

Figure 20 — Receiving a Group Call...........................................................................................................29

Figure 21 — Receiving a Railway Emergency Call.....................................................................................30

Figure 22 — Receiving a text message ......................................................................................................31

Figure 23 — Multi-party call.........................................................................................................................32

Figure 24 — Put call on hold and forward call.............................................................................................33

Figure 25 — Answer incoming call that is waiting.......................................................................................34

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CLC/TS 50459-3:2005 - 4 -

Figure 26 — Initiate Public Address call......................................................................................................35

Figure 27 — Initiate Intercom ......................................................................................................................36

Figure 28 — Activate GSM-R Shunting Group Number 20.........................................................................36

Figure 29 — Selecting a language ..............................................................................................................37

Figure 30 — Select Direct Mode Radio Channel 3 .....................................................................................38

Figure 31 — Enter GSM-R Shunting Mode.................................................................................................39

Figure 32 — Forward call to hand-portable.................................................................................................40

Figure 33 — Third level menu .....................................................................................................................41

Figure A.1 — Basic functions on first level..................................................................................................44

Figure A.2 — Last calls overview on second level ......................................................................................44

Figure A.3 — Secondary functions on third level ........................................................................................44

Figure A.4 — Free dial window on third level..............................................................................................44

Figure A.5 — Basic functions on first level..................................................................................................45

Figure A.6 — Last calls overview on second level ......................................................................................45

Figure A.7 — Secondary functions on third level ........................................................................................45

Figure A.8 — Free dial window on third level..............................................................................................45

Figure A.9 — Vertical Standalone device....................................................................................................46

Figure A.10 — Horizontal standalone device ..............................................................................................47

Table 1 — Description of functions used in each area................................................................................10

Table 2 — Summary of Key Sequences .....................................................................................................42

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- 5 - CLC/TS 50459-3:2005
Introduction
This Technical Specification forms Part 3 of a series, the other parts being:

CLC/TS 50459-1 for ergonomic principles for the presentation of ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R information

CLC/TS 50459-2, for ergonomic arrangements of ERTMS/ETCS information
CLC/TS 50459-4 for data entry procedure for ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R
CLC/TS 50459-5 for symbols for ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R
CLC/TS 50459-6 for audible information for ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R

These Technical Specifications contain the ergonomic arrangements of information on the ERTMS DMI

Display. Most items are illustrated with an example.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
CLC/TS 50459-3:2005 - 6 -
1 Scope

This Technical Specification describes from an ergonomic point of view how ERTMS information shall be

arranged and displayed. This Technical Specification describes more ergonomic details than currently

provided by the ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R specifications.

This Technical Specification defines the ergonomics for the Driver-Machine Interface (DMI) for the

ERTMS/ETCS Train Control System, and for the integrated ERTMS/GSM-R Train Control and Train

Radio Systems, and for the stand alone ERTMS/GSM-R Train Radio Systems and for other technical

systems currently provided on the engines.
The ergonomics covers the

 general arrangements (dialogue structure, sequences, layout philosophy, colour philosophy),

 symbols,
 audible information,
 data entry arrangements.

The aims of the ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R Train Control and Train Radio Systems are standardised systems

facilitating interoperable movement of trains and permitting economies of scale in procurement and

operations. The objective of this Technical Specification is to define the minimum requirements on the

DMI that are necessary to enable these objectives to be achieved. Hence the Technical Specification is

limited to ergonomic considerations and does not define the technology to be used for the implementation.

The reasons for defining the ergonomics of the DMI are as follows:

 achieving harmonised and coherent presentation for ERTMS/ETCS and STM information. Given the

large number of STM’s requiring the use the ERTMS/ETCS DMI, only a harmonised approach is

feasible;

 defining Driver-Machine Interface ergonomics that is compatible with agreed interoperable ERTMS

specifications;

 to reduce the risk of incorrect operation by a driver working with different trains fitted with

ERTMS/ETCS and ERTMS/GSM-R;

 facilitating train operation with a unified ergonomics, hence reducing the cost of driver training.

This Technical Specification is applicable on all trains fitted with the ERTMS/ETCS and also for trains

fitted with train radio (GSM-R) DMI.

The scope of Part 3 of the Technical Specification CLC/TS 50459 series is to define ergonomic

arrangements of ERTMS/GSM-R information only.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

Council Directive 96/48/EC of 23 July 1996 on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail

system, Official Journal L 235 , 17/09/1996 P. 0006 – 0024

CLC/TS 50459-1, Railways applications – Communication, signalling and processing systems –

European Rail Traffic Management System – Driver-Machine Interface – Part 1: Ergonomic principles for

the presentation of ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R information
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
- 7 - CLC/TS 50459-3:2005

CLC/TS 50459-2, Railways applications – Communication, signalling and processing systems - European

Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-Machine Interface - Part 2: Ergonomic arrangements of

ERTMS/ETCS information

CLC/TS 50459-4, Railways applications – Communication, signalling and processing systems - European

Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-Machine Interface - Part 4: Data entry for the

ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R systems

CLC/TS 50459-5, Railways applications – Communication, signalling and processing systems - European

Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-Machine Interface - Part 5: Symbols

CLC/TS 50459-6, Railways applications – Communication, signalling and processing systems - European

Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-Machine Interface - Part 6: Audible information

UIC 651, Layout of driver's cabs in locomotives, railcars, multiple-unit trains and driving trailers

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in CLC/TS 50459-1 apply.

3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms
PA Public Address
PTT Push To Talk

NOTE For practical reasons, in this document GSM-R is used instead of ERTMS/GSM-R.

4 General DMI-related principles
4.1 General ergonomic principles

The GSM-R DMI shall follow the main ergonomic principles as described in CLC/TS 50459 -1.

All ERTMS/GSM-R DMI procedures and layout principles shall be consistent with the ERTMS/ETCS DMI

and the ERTMS/ETCS DMI philosophy as far as it concerns the integrated ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R DMI.

When there is a GSM-R call, this shall not disturb the ERTMS/ETCS information.

When there is a call to other on-train users/devices using GSM-R this, shall not disturb the ERTMS/ETCS

information. This requirement is applicable to the integrated option only.

The principle for navigation for the integrated ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R DMI shall be consistent with the

rules defined in CLC/TS 50459-1. For the stand alone GSM-R DMI it is strongly recommended to have

the same consistency.

Any additional requirements that are specific to GSM-R are defined in this clause.

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CLC/TS 50459-3:2005 - 8 -
4.2 DMI possibilities

The GSM-R DMI may be a stand alone DMI (one device for GSM-R only) or an integrated DMI (one

screen for GSM-R and ETCS).

For the train radio DMI not integrated with ERTMS/ETCS, the following requirements apply in addition to

those given in CLC/TS 50459 -1, 4.1.1.2:

 for both national and international trains, symbols should be used for indicators and buttons, however

text is acceptable as an alternative provided that the mandatory requirements of this Technical

Specification are met;

 if symbols are to be used, then these symbols shall conform to the specifications given in

CLC/TS 50459 -5;

 if text is used for an international train, the driver shall be able to select the language appropriate to

the country in which the train is operating and appropriate to his own needs.

When using a monochrome display for a standalone GSM-R DMI a similar ergonomic approach to ETCS

shall be followed but without the use of colour.
4.3 Hardware
4.3.1 General

In the case of a radio DMI not integrated with ERTMS/ETCS, a monochrome full graphic display may be

implemented.

It should be possible to pickup and return the handset ‘blindly’ (from the driving position) and with one

hand.
GSM-R shall automatically detect that the handset is off the hook.

It should be possible for the railway to enable the drivers to change handsets between cabs.

As an alternative to a handset and loudspeaker, it should be possible for a radio to use a hands-free

microphone and loudspeaker. The hands-free microphone shall include a PTT button that is used when

the driver wants to speak during group calls.
4.3.2 Use of alternative layouts for the DMI

For all functions described above a different layout is possible if a stand alone DMI is used. Examples of

alternative graphical layouts are presented in Annex A to this document. It is also acceptable to use

textual layouts provided they meet the functional requirements.
4.4 Task structure

All GSM-R DMI’s have the same basic areas. Although position and dimensions of the GSM-R areas may

be slightly different, the areas visually should be identified as being the same.

GSM-R DMI’s shall have the following areas: input and monitoring. This is illustrated in Figure 1.

The monitoring area is covered by the same area as described in CLC/TS 50459-1 (i.e. area E). The

input area is the area F of CLC/TS 50459-1 and overlays for different menus and keyboards on areas D

and F (see CLC/TS 50459-1).
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
- 9 - CLC/TS 50459-3:2005
Figure 1 — Areas of the DMI Display
For stand alone solutions other principles may be obtained.

The GSM-R DMI shall take into account that the position of the stand alone DMI can be left or right from

the driver.

Input areas (in the primary visual and reach field) should be closer to the driver than monitoring areas (in

the secondary visual and reach field). This requirement does not apply to the integrated option, because

the whole integrated DMI is in the primary field.
Unexpected information and ‘aide memoire’ should be clearly distinguished.
4.5 Flashing
Examples of GSM-R situations where flashing is appropriate are

 train number not entered and request for train number not acknowledged (yellow flashing frame),

 radio network not present. E16 Area is flashing (no acknowledgement is required).

4.6 Sounds

Sounds to be used are described in CLC/TS 50459-6. The reference to the sound numbers can also be

found in CLC/TS 50459-6.
Any sound is related to one or more status symbol as defined in CLC/TS 50459-5.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
CLC/TS 50459-3:2005 - 10 -
4.7 Lists

Presenting the choices in a vertical scrollable list should be used for the following GSM-R items:

 language selection;
 network selection;
 overview of recent calls;
 predefined telephone numbers;
 selection of Group numbers;
 selection of Shunting Group numbers.
5 GSM-R functions shown on the integrated DMI
5.1 Introduction

The following subclauses and figures illustrate the key functions of the proposed integrated GSM-R

Driver-Machine Interface.

Figure and text together explain how a function can be activated and how the user should perform the

navigation. For this purpose the following guidelines apply:

 areas in black show the relevant function together with all needed buttons for the navigation;

 areas in white show other possible active functions;

 areas in grey mark the rest of the interface not associated with the relevant function.

The coding in the pictures (e.g. F5, E14, G22 etc.) is used only for reference purposes. The codes G, H,

K and L are used for GSM-R functions only; the codes E and F are used in the same way as described in

CLC/TS 50459-2.
Table 1 — Description of functions used in each area
Code Description Code Description
E Monitoring H Navigation
F Input K Scroll lists
nd rd
G Menu on 2 and 3 level L Keyboard

It should be noted that for the integrated DMI used in the examples shown below, a touch screen device

for data entry is assumed.

Subclause 5.2 gives requirements of a more general nature. Starting with 5.3, a more detailed description

of functions and related requirements is given.

The descriptions below assume the use of a handset and loudspeaker. The mode of operation is

generally similar if a hands-free microphone is used in place of the handset.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
- 11 - CLC/TS 50459-3:2005
5.2 General functions
5.2.1 Switch DMI on/off

The on/off status of GSM-R shall be clearly indicated and visible during the operation of GSM-R.

The off-status of GSM-R should be visible by disabled buttons for the GSM-R functions.

The on/off status of the display used by GSM-R shall be clearly indicated.

When there is a technical link between ETCS and GSM-R, the latter shall be switched on automatically

when the first is switched on.

When the start up of GSM-R is linked to another system (e.g. ETCS), it also should be possible to switch

GSM-R on and off independently.

On an integrated DMI, showing the on/off status of GSM-R shall not interfere with basic ETCS information.

5.2.2 Select mobile radio network

The mobile radio network is normally selected automatically according to preferences stored within the

radio.
The mobile radio network chosen shall be shown to the driver (E16b).

If the mobile radio network is lost, this shall be indicated to the driver (see 5.2.12).

The driver shall be informed audibly and visually when there is an automatic change of mobile radio

network.

The driver should be informed when during start-up the system is looking for a mobile radio network but

has not found one yet.

It shall be possible for the driver to select another mobile radio network (if another mobile radio network is

available) from a list of mobile radio networks stored in the radio.

The driver shall be able to select the mobile radio network by using one of the data entry windows as

specified in CLC/TS 50459-4.
5.2.3 Register and de-register running number and on train users
The driver shall be able to register and de-register a train running number.
The driver shall be able to register and de-register on-train users.

The functions register and de-register running numbers and on-train users should be accessed via the

first level of the GSM-R DMI.
Figure 2 displays an example of Register Train Running Number.
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CLC/TS 50459-3:2005 - 12 -
Figure 2 — Register Train Running Number
EXAMPLE Register Train Running Number:

1) The function can be reached via E16a on the first level GSM-R. The procedure for

entering the data is achieved via a keyboard. The train running number must be entered

and activated.

2) Via H02 a list is shown to address who is going to be registered. If no user is selected

the list is shown by default. Those who have been registered already are presented as

disabled.
De-registering follows the procedure in reverse direction via E16a and H03.
5.2.4 Invoke supplementary services

It shall be possible for the driver to place a call on hold with a maximum of two actions.

It should be possible for the driver to place a call on hold with a single action.

The Hold button shall only be visible and be possible to activate when required.

It shall be possible for the driver to retrieve a call on hold with a maximum of two actions.

It should be possible for the driver to retrieve a call on hold with a single action.

It shall be possible for the driver to toggle between a held call and active call with a maximum of two

actions.

It should be possible for the driver to toggle between a held call and active call with a single action.

5.2.5 Invoke self test
No specific DMI requirements.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
- 13 - CLC/TS 50459-3:2005
5.2.6 Select language
The procedure for choosing language shall be identical to the ETCS procedure.

If GSM-R and ETCS are technically related, the language should be changed either via the ETCS

‘branch’ or via the GSM-R ‘branch’.

The choice for the language when GSM-R and ETCS are technically related should be possible via the

ETCS data input procedure and via the GSM-R procedure. When the language is changed in either one

of them the language in the other is changed as well.

When GSM-R and ETCS are technically related, both systems must have the same default language.

5.2.7 Adjust display settings

The procedure for adjusting display settings should be identical to the ERTMS/ETCS procedure as

described in CLC/TS 50459-1.
5.2.8 Adjust loudspeaker volume

The procedure for adjusting loudspeaker volume should be identical to the ERTMS/ETCS procedure as

described in CLC/TS 50459-1.
5.2.9 Status information

The status of a call shall be indicated. This indication can use text or symbols or a combination

...

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