LPG equipment and accessories - LPG propulsion systems for boats, yachts and other watercraft - Installation requirements

This European Standard specifies the requirements for LPG propulsion systems on craft with hull lengths less than or equal to 24 m, including those defined by Directive 94/25/EC.
This European Standard does not cover appliances with directly attached gas cylinders, such as portable self-contained camping stoves and portable gas lamps.

Flüssiggas (LPG) Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Flüssiggas (LPG) Antriebssysteme für Boote, Jachten und andere Wasserfahrzeuge

Dieses Dokument legt die Anforderungen an den Einbau von LPG Antriebssystemen von Wasserfahrzeugen mit Rumpflängen bis einschließlich 24 m fest, wie in EN ISO 8666 [11] festgelegt. Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für direkt an Gasflaschen angebrachte Verbrauchseinrichtungen, wie tragbare eigenständige Campingkocher und tragbare Gaslampen.

Equipements pour gaz de pétrole liquéfié et leurs accessoires - Systèmes de propulsion GPL des bateaux, yachts et autres navires

Le présent document spécifie les exigences relatives aux systèmes de propulsion GPL des bateaux dont la longueur de coque est inférieure ou égale à 24 m, tel que défini dans l'EN ISO 8666 [11]. Le présent document ne couvre pas les appareils fixés directement sur les bouteilles à gaz, tels que les réchauds de camping portatifs et les lampes à gaz portatives.

Oprema in pribor za utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) - Pogonski sistemi na UNP za čolne, jahte in druga vodna plovila - Zahteve za vgradnjo

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za pogonske sisteme na utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) na plovilih, katerih dolžina trupa je manjša ali enaka 24 m, vključno s plovili, opredeljenimi v Direktivi 94/25/ES.
Ta evropski standard ne vključuje aparatov z neposredno pritrjenimi plinskimi jeklenkami, kot so prenosne samostojne peči za taborjenje in prenosne plinske svetilke.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
02-Jun-2020
Publication Date
17-Jan-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Jan-2022
Due Date
14-Mar-2022
Completion Date
18-Jan-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15609:2022
01-februar-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15609:2012
Oprema in pribor za utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) - Pogonski sistemi na UNP za
čolne, jahte in druga vodna plovila - Zahteve za vgradnjo

LPG equipment and accessories - LPG propulsion systems for boats, yachts and other

watercraft - Installation requirements

Flüssiggas (LPG) Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Flüssiggas (LPG) Antriebssysteme für

Boote, Jachten und andere Wasserfahrzeuge

Equipements pour gaz de pétrole liquéfié et leurs accessoires - Systèmes de propulsion

GPL des bateaux, yachts et autres navires
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15609:2021
ICS:
23.020.20 Posode in vsebniki, montirani Vessels and containers
na vozila mounted on vehicles
47.020.01 Splošni standardi v zvezi z General standards related to
ladjedelništvom in shipbuilding and marine
konstrukcijami na morju structures
SIST EN 15609:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 15609:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 47.020.20; 47.080 Supersedes EN 15609:2012
English Version
LPG equipment and accessories - LPG propulsion systems
for boats, yachts and other watercraft - Installation
requirements

Équipements pour gaz de pétrole liquéfié et leurs Flüssiggas-Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile -

accessoires - Systèmes de propulsion GPL des bateaux, Flüssiggas(LPG)-Antriebsanlagen für Boote, Jachten

yachts et autres navires - Exigences d'installation und andere Wasserfahrzeuge - Einbauvorschriften

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 October 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15609:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Components ................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2 LPG containers/cylinders ......................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.2.2 Cylinders.......................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.3 Fixed container ............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.3 Fuel system components ........................................................................................................................... 13

4.3.1 Pressure regulator/vaporizer ................................................................................................................. 13

4.3.2 Other components ....................................................................................................................................... 13

5 Installation requirements ......................................................................................................................... 13

5.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 13

5.2 Installer of a permanently installed LPG system .............................................................................. 14

5.3 Additional LPG systems ............................................................................................................................. 15

5.4 Modifications to the structure of the watercraft .............................................................................. 15

5.5 LPG container/cylinder installation ..................................................................................................... 15

5.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.5.2 Fixed containers ........................................................................................................................................... 16

5.5.3 Cylinders.......................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.5.4 Container lockers ......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.5.5 Installation of more than one container/cylinder ........................................................................... 17

5.6 Components fitted to the fixed container ............................................................................................ 18

5.6.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 18

5.6.2 Remote-controlled service valve with excess flow valve on the fixed container .................. 18

5.6.3 Pressure relief valve ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.6.4 Fusible plug .................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.6.5 Filler valve ...................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.6.6 Overfill protection device ......................................................................................................................... 18

5.6.7 Level indicator .............................................................................................................................................. 18

5.6.8 Fittings ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.7 Gas pipes and hoses ..................................................................................................................................... 18

5.8 Other components ....................................................................................................................................... 19

5.8.1 Gas connections between components of the LPG-system ............................................................ 19

5.8.2 Remote-controlled shut-off valve ........................................................................................................... 21

5.8.3 Filling unit ....................................................................................................................................................... 21

5.9 Electrical installation .................................................................................................................................. 22

5.10 Bi-fuel and dual-fuel systems ................................................................................................................... 23

5.11 Gas detection.................................................................................................................................................. 23

5.11.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

5.11.2 Alarm position ............................................................................................................................................... 23

5.11.3 Sensors position ........................................................................................................................................... 24

5.12 Powered ventilation .................................................................................................................................... 24

5.12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.12.2 Purging of engine and/or LPG container/cylinder space .............................................................. 24

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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)

6 Fire-extinguishing equipment ................................................................................................................. 24

7 Owner's manual ............................................................................................................................................ 24

8 Commissioning .............................................................................................................................................. 24

8.1 Tightness test – fixed containers ............................................................................................................. 24

8.2 Initial filling of the container and the system with LPG.................................................................. 25

8.3 LPG system test .............................................................................................................................................. 25

8.4 Water trial ....................................................................................................................................................... 25

Annex A (normative) Fixing requirements for containers/cylinders .................................................... 26

Annex B (normative) Cylinder securing requirements................................................................................ 28

Annex C (normative) Instructions to be included in the owner's manual ............................................ 31

Annex D (normative) Additional test requirements for vaporizers ........................................................ 35

Annex E (informative) Installation of more than one container .............................................................. 37

Annex F (informative) Example of installation certificate .......................................................................... 39

Annex G (informative) Types of LPG Propulsion systems ........................................................................... 40

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU aimed to be covered ..................................................... 43

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 45

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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15609:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 286 “Liquefied

petroleum gas equipment and accessories”, the secretariat of which is held by NSAI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15609:2012.

This document has been prepared under a Standardization Request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s) / Regulation(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s) / Regulation(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part

of this document.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition include:
— Addition of fusible plug requirements;
— Addition of requirements for Outboard engines;
— Addition of LPG generator sets;
— Addition of Informative Annex G - Types of LPG propulsion systems;

— Addition of requirements for Fixed container - liquid phase for liquid LPG injection fuel system;

— Addition of new definitions;
— Updated text to paragraphs 4.2.3, 5.1, 5.2, 5.12.2;

— Update to Annex ZA, Relationship between this European Standard and the essential requirements

of Directive 2013/53/EU [1] aimed to be covered;
— Removal of Environmental annex, references now made to CEN/TS 16765 [2].

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
Introduction

This document specifies requirements for the installation of equipment for the use of Liquefied

Petroleum Gas (LPG) in the propulsion systems of small watercraft.

This document calls for the use of substances and procedures that can be injurious to health if adequate

precautions are not taken.

Protection of the environment is a key political issue in Europe and elsewhere. For TC 286 this is covered

in CEN/TS 16765 [2] LPG equipment and accessories - Environmental considerations for CEN/TC 286

standards, and this Technical Specification should be read in conjunction with this document. The

Technical Specification provides guidance on the environmental aspects to be considered regarding

equipment and accessories produced for the LPG industry and the following is addressed:

a) design;
b) manufacture;
c) packaging;
d) use and operation; and
e) disposal.

It has been assumed in the drafting of this document that the execution of its provisions is entrusted to

appropriately qualified and experienced persons.
This document is based on EN 12979 [3].
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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the installation requirements for LPG propulsion systems on watercraft with

hull lengths less than or equal to 24 m, as defined in EN ISO 8666 [11]. This document does not cover

appliances with directly attached gas cylinders, such as portable self-contained camping stoves and

portable gas lamps.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 3-7:2004+A1:2007, Portable fire extinguishers - Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and

test methods

EN 1442:2017, LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable refillable welded steel cylinders for LPG -

Design and construction

EN 10025-2:2019, Hot rolled products of structural steels - Part 2: Technical delivery conditions for non-

alloy structural steels
EN 12805:2002, Automotive LPG components - Containers

EN 12806:2003, Automotive liquefied petroleum gas components - Other than containers

EN 13110:2012+A1:2017, LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable refillable welded aluminium

cylinders for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) - Design and construction

EN 14140:2014, LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable refillable welded steel cylinders for LPG -

Alternative design and construction
EN 14291:2004, Foam producing solutions for leak detection on gas installations

EN 14427:2014, LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable refillable fully wrapped composite

cylinders for LPG - Design and construction

EN 16129:2013, Pressure regulators, automatic change-over devices, having a maximum regulated

pressure of 4 bar, with a maximum capacity of 150 kg/h, associated safety devices and adaptors for butane,

propane, and their mixtures

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN ISO 898-1:2013, Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel - Part 1: Bolts,

screws and studs with specified property classes - Coarse thread and fine pitch thread (ISO 898-1:2013)

EN ISO 8846:2017, Small craft - Electrical devices - Protection against ignition of surrounding flammable

gases (ISO 8846:1990)
As impacted by EN 14140:2014/AC:2015.
As impacted by EN 60529:1991/A1:2000.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
EN ISO 9094:2017, Small craft - Fire protection (ISO 9094:2015)

EN ISO 10133:2017, Small craft - Electrical systems - Extra-low-voltage d.c. installations (ISO 10133:2012)

EN ISO 10239:2017, Small craft - Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems (ISO 10239:2014)

EN ISO 11105:2020, Small craft - Ventilation of petrol engine and/or petrol tank compartments

(ISO 11105:2020)

EN ISO 12217-1:2017, Small craft - Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization - Part 1: Non-

sailing boats of hull length greater than or equal to 6 m (ISO 12217-1:2015)

EN ISO 12217-2:2017, Small craft - Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization - Part 2: Sailing

boats of hull length greater than or equal to 6 m (ISO 12217-2:2015)

EN ISO 12217-3:2017, Small craft - Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization - Part 3: Boats

of hull length less than 6 m (ISO 12217-3:2015)

EN ISO 13297:2018, Small craft - Electrical systems - Alternating current installations (ISO 13297:2014)

ISO 20826:2006, Automotive LPG components — Containers
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 12806 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
NOTE The definition for watercraft can be found in Directive 2013/53/EU.
3.1
liquefied petroleum gas
LPG

low pressure liquefied gas composed of one or more light hydrocarbons which are assigned to either

UN 1011, UN 1075, UN 1965, UN 1969 or UN 1978 only, and which consist mainly of propane, propene,

butane, butane isomers and butene with traces of other hydrocarbon gases
Note 1 to entry: For automotive LPG specification, see EN 589 [4].
3.2
LPG system
assembly of components enabling a watercraft to use LPG in its propulsion system
3.3
interconnected LPG system
ICS

engine that is hydraulically interconnected with a petrol or diesel fuelling system

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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
3.4
outboard engine

engine used for propulsion of the watercraft that is mounted so that the engine is outside the hull of the

watercraft
EXAMPLE long tail engines or other engines designed to be removable
3.5
competent person

person who by combination of appropriate qualification, training, experience, and resources, is able to

make objective judgments on the subject
3.6
pressure vessel

assembly of the pressure envelope (including the openings and their closures) and non-pressure-

retaining parts attached directly to it
3.7
cylinder
transportable pressure receptacle with a water capacity not exceeding 150 l
3.8
contents gauge
device to indicate the liquid level or contents in a pressure vessel
3.9
pressure relief valve
PRV

self-closing valve which automatically, without the assistance of any energy other than that of the vapour

concerned, discharges vapour at a predetermined pressure, and operates with a pop action

3.10
overfill protection device

device designed to automatically reduce the filling rate to a minimal flow when the fill level reaches a

predetermined amount

Note 1 to entry: In marine applications, the predetermined amount is 80 % of the water capacity.

3.11
filler valve
valve system for liquid fill service
3.12
fusible plug

component protecting the pressure vessel from bursting by venting the LPG content at a pre-set

temperature
3.13
excess flow valve

valve designed to close automatically, with a small residual flow, when the fluid flow passing through it

exceeds a predetermined value, and to re-open when the pressure differential across the valve has been

restored below a certain value
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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
3.14
non-return valve
valve designed to close automatically to restrict reverse flow
3.15
fuel system
installation required to supply LPG to the engine
3.16
pressure regulator
vaporizer

device that vaporizes LPG, reduces and/or regulates the outlet pressure to a pre-set value independent

of variations of the inlet pressure and/or the flow rate

Note 1 to entry: The shut-off valve can be integrated in the vaporizer/regulator.

3.17
hydrostatic relief valve

self-closing valve which automatically, without the assistance of any energy other than that of the fluid

concerned, discharges fluid at a predetermined pressure
3.18
ventilation system

assembly of ducts and an electrical ventilator that is capable of extracting hydrocarbons from the inside

of the watercraft and allowing the entrance of fresh air
3.19
container housing

ventilated enclosure intended solely for storage of one or more LPG containers, pressure regulators and

safety devices, and located on the exterior of the boat where any leakage would flow overboard

3.20
container locker

gas-tight (to the craft) enclosure with an overboard drain, where any leakage would flow overboard,

intended solely for storage of one or more LPG containers in a cockpit or recess in the watercraft

3.21
permanently installed
securely fastened so that tools have to be used for removal
3.22
accessible

capable of being reached for inspection, removal or maintenance without the removal of permanent

watercraft structures

Note 1 to entry: Hatches are not regarded as permanent watercraft structures in this sense, even if tools such as

wrenches or screwdrivers are needed to open them.
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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
3.23
readily accessible

capable of being reached for operation, inspection or maintenance without the removal of any watercraft

structure, the use of any tools or the removal of any item of portable equipment stowed in places intended

for storage of portable equipment such as lockers, drawers or shelves

Note 1 to entry: Hatches are not regarded as permanent watercraft structures in this sense.

3.24
installer

person or organisation who, due to qualifications, training, experience and resources, can assume

technical responsibility for the installation of the LPG propulsion system
3.25
appliance

appliance that is designed for heating, cooking, lighting, refrigeration, hot water production or electricity

production (fuel cell or generator), using LPG as its energy source
3.26
cockpit

area within the watercraft that can retain water, however briefly, due to rain, waves, boat heeling, etc

Note 1 to entry: Cockpits are normally designed for the accommodation of people but, for the purpose of this

document, the term “cockpit” is used either for a proper cockpit or for any other type of recess. This means that

bulwarks can create a large cockpit, cockpit(s) can be situated anywhere in the boat and a cockpit can open aft to

the sea. Open boats can effectively comprise the whole watercraft is a deck.
3.27
venting tube
duct that connects the gas-tight housing to the atmosphere
3.28
shut-off valve

valve that provides a leak-tight seal which is operated either manually, remotely or is self-closing

3.29
gas detection

revealing of the presence of LPG due to exposure outside the LPG containment system

3.30
bi-fuel system

engine designed to operate two separate fuel systems and to run either on LPG or an alternative fuel

Note 1 to entry: For the purpose of this document, the fuels are LPG and petrol.
3.31
dual-fuel system

engine with two independent fuel systems that can run on one fuel alone or both fuels simultaneously

Note 1 to entry: For the purpose of this document, the fuels are LPG and diesel.
Note 2 to entry: Both fuels are metered separately.

Note 3 to entry: The consumed amount of one fuel relative to the other can vary depending on the operation.

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SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
3.32
electronic control unit
ECU
device that controls the LPG supply to the engine
3.33
inspection body
independent inspection and testing body approved by the competent authority
3.34
liquid LPG injection system

fuel system that feeds the engine by injecting liquid LPG directly into the intake manifold or directly in

the combustion chamber, where it vaporises, and not use a reducer/vaporizer device

3.35
quick-connector
coupling used to provide a fast, make-or-break connection of fluid
Note 1 to entry: In the case of LPG, pressurized-transfer lines.
4 Components
4.1 Overview
The LPG system shall be designed by a competent person.

Individual components of the system, and the system as a whole, shall be designed to withstand the

combined conditions of pressure, vibration, shocks, corrosion and movement encountered under normal

operation.

All materials used in LPG systems shall be compatible with LPG and with other liquids or compounds

with which it might come into contact under normal operating conditions, e.g. grease, lubricating oil, bilge

solvents, fresh water and sea water.

Efforts should be made to prevent grease, lubricating oil, bilge solvents and other chemicals from

contaminating the marine environment.
4.2 LPG containers/cylinders
4.2.1 General

The LPG container(s) shall be protected from corrosion in the marine environment by an adequate

surface treatment system, or be constructed from materials suited to the marine environment.

For the purpose of this document, two types of LPG pressure vessels are identified:

— cylinders; and
— fixed containers.
4.2.2 Cylinders

LPG cylinders can be used in the liquid or gas/vapour phase to fuel the engine of a watercraft depending

on the choice of technology and the required power.
The cylinders used on watercraft shall comply with one of the following:
a) EN 1442:2017;
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 15609:2022
EN 15609:2021 (E)
b) EN 13110:20
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 15609:2020
01-maj-2020
Oprema in pribor za utekočinjeni naftni plin (UNP) - Pogonski sistemi na UNP za
čolne, jahte in druga vodna plovila - Zahteve za vgradnjo

LPG equipment and accessories - LPG propulsion systems for boats, yachts and other

watercraft - Installation requirements

Flüssiggas (LPG) Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile - Flüssiggas (LPG) Antriebssysteme für

Boote, Jachten und andere Wasserfahrzeuge

Equipements pour gaz de pétrole liquéfié et leurs accessoires - Systèmes de propulsion

GPL des bateaux, yachts et autres navires
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 15609
ICS:
23.020.20 Posode in vsebniki, montirani Vessels and containers
na vozila mounted on vehicles
47.020.01 Splošni standardi v zvezi z General standards related to
ladjedelništvom in shipbuilding and marine
konstrukcijami na morju structures
oSIST prEN 15609:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 15609:2020
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oSIST prEN 15609:2020
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 15609
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2020
ICS 47.020.20; 47.080 Will supersede EN 15609:2012
English Version
LPG equipment and accessories - LPG propulsion systems
for boats, yachts and other watercraft - Installation
requirements

Equipements pour gaz de pétrole liquéfié et leurs Flüssiggas (LPG) Geräte und Ausrüstungsteile -

accessoires - Systèmes de propulsion GPL des bateaux, Flüssiggas (LPG) Antriebssysteme für Boote, Jachten

yachts et autres navires und andere Wasserfahrzeuge

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 286.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 15609:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Components ................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2 LPG containers/cylinders ......................................................................................................................... 11

4.3 Fuel system components ........................................................................................................................... 12

5 Installation requirements ......................................................................................................................... 13

5.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 13

5.2 Installer of a permanently installed LPG system .............................................................................. 14

5.3 Additional LPG systems ............................................................................................................................. 14

5.4 Modifications to the structure of the watercraft .............................................................................. 15

5.5 LPG container/cylinder installation ..................................................................................................... 15

5.6 Components fitted to the fixed container ............................................................................................ 17

5.7 Gas pipes and hoses ..................................................................................................................................... 18

5.8 Other components ....................................................................................................................................... 19

5.9 Electrical installation .................................................................................................................................. 21

5.10 Fuel selection system .................................................................................................................................. 22

5.11 Gas detection.................................................................................................................................................. 22

5.12 Forced ventilation ........................................................................................................................................ 23

6 Fire-extinguishing equipment ................................................................................................................. 23

7 Owner's manual ............................................................................................................................................ 24

8 Commissioning .............................................................................................................................................. 24

8.1 Tightness test – fixed containers ............................................................................................................ 24

8.2 Initial filling of the container and the system with LPG ................................................................. 24

8.3 LPG system test ............................................................................................................................................. 24

8.4 Water trial....................................................................................................................................................... 24

Annex A (normative) Fixing requirements for containers/cylinders with a capacity up to

and including 150 l ...................................................................................................................................... 25

A.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 25

A.2 Container frame ............................................................................................................................................ 26

Annex B (normative) Fixing requirements for containers with a capacity over 150 l ..................... 27

B.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 27

B.2 Container frame ............................................................................................................................................ 27

Annex C (normative) Cylinder securing requirements ............................................................................... 28

C.1 Removable LPG cylinders .......................................................................................................................... 28

C.2 Permanently installed LPG cylinders.................................................................................................... 28

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C.3 LPG cylinders more than 16 kg ................................................................................................................ 28

Annex D (normative) Instructions to be included in the owner's manual ............................................ 31

D.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................. 31

D.2 Availability of LPG supply .......................................................................................................................... 31

D.3 Position and operation of emergency shut-off valve ....................................................................... 31

D.4 Safety instructions to be included in the manual .............................................................................. 31

D.5 Instruction for the normal use of the LPG system ............................................................................ 32

Annex E (normative) Additional test requirements for vaporisers ........................................................ 35

Annex F (informative) Installation of more than one container .............................................................. 37

Annex G (informative) Example of installation certificate ......................................................................... 39

Annex H (informative) Types of LPG Propulsion systems .......................................................................... 40

H.1 Hybrid electric LPG propulsion ............................................................................................................... 40

H.2 LPG generator set ......................................................................................................................................... 41

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU aimed to be covered ..................................................... 43

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 46

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European foreword

This document (prEN 15609:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 286 “LPG

equipment and accessories”, the secretariat of which is held by NSAI.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 15609:2012.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition include:

— addition of Annex Z.A, Relationship between this document and the Essential Requirements of EU

Directive 2013/53/EU;
— Outboard engines;
— Hybrid systems with LPG genset for recreational watercrafts;

— Updated text to paragraphs 3.3.3, 5.1.2.1, 5.2, 5.3.5, 5.5.1.3, 5.5.3.4, 5.5.5.3

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Introduction

This document specifies requirements for the installation of equipment for the use of Liquefied

Petroleum Gas (LPG) in the propulsion systems of small watercraft.

This document calls for the use of substances and procedures that can be injurious to health if adequate

precautions are not taken.

Protection of the environment is a key political issue in Europe and elsewhere, for TC 286 this is covered

in CEN/TS 16765 [2] LPG equipment and accessories - Environmental considerations for CEN/TC 286

standards, and this Technical Specification should be read in conjunction with this standard.

It has been assumed in the drafting of this document that the execution of its provisions is entrusted to

appropriately qualified and experienced persons.
This document is based on EN 12979 [3].
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1 Scope

This document specifies the requirements for LPG propulsion systems on watercraft with hull lengths

less than or equal to 24 m.

This document does not cover appliances with directly attached gas cylinders, such as portable self-

contained camping stoves and portable gas lamps.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1442, LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable refillable welded steel cylinders for LPG - Design

and construction
EN 12805, Automotive LPG components - Containers

EN 12806:2003, Automotive liquefied petroleum gas components - Other than containers

EN 12864, Low-pressure, non adjustable regulators having a maximum outlet pressure of less than or equal

to 200 mbar, with a capacity of less than or equal to 4 kg/h, and their associated safety devices for butane,

propane or their mixtures

EN 13110, Transportable refillable welded aluminium cylinders for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) — Design

and construction

EN 14140, LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable refillable welded steel cylinders for LPG -

Alternative design and construction
EN 14291, Foam producing solutions for leak detection on gas installations

EN 14427, LPG equipment and accessories - Transportable refillable fully wrapped composite cylinders for

LPG - Design and construction

EN 28846, Small craft — Electrical devices — Protection against ignition of surrounding flammable gases

(ISO 8846)

EN 3-7, Portable fire extinguishers - Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods

EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

EN ISO 898-1:2009, Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel — Part 1: Bolts,

screws and studs with specified property classes — Coarse thread and fine pitch thread (ISO 898-1:2009)

EN ISO 9094:2015, Small craft — Fire protection — Part 1: Craft with a hull length of up to and including

15 m

EN ISO 10133, Small craft - Electrical systems - Extra-low-voltage d.c. installations (ISO 10133:2012)

EN ISO 10239, Small craft - Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems (ISO 10239:2014)

EN ISO 10240, Small craft - Owner's manual (ISO 10240:2019)
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EN ISO 11105, Small craft - Ventilation of petrol engine and/or petrol tank compartments (ISO 11105:1997)

EN ISO 11591, Small craft - Field of vision from the steering position (ISO 11591:2019)

EN ISO 12217 (all parts), Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization

EN ISO 13297, Small craft - Electrical systems - Alternating current installations (ISO 13297)

ISO 630, Structural steels — Plates, wide flats, bars, sections and profiles
ISO 20826, Automotive LPG components — Containers
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 12806:2003 and the following

apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
liquefied petroleum gas
LPG

low pressure liquefied gas composed of one or more light hydrocarbons which are assigned to either UN

1011, UN 1075, UN 1965, UN 1969 or UN 1978 only, and which consist mainly of propane, propene,

butane, butane isomers and butene with traces of other hydrocarbon gases
Note 1 to entry: For automotive LPG specification, see EN 589 [1].
3.2
LPG system
assembly of components enabling a watercraft to use LPG in its propulsion system
3.3
outboard engine

engine used for propulsion of the watercraft that is mounted so that the engine is outside the hull of the

watercraft
EXAMPLE long tail engines or other engines designed to be removable.
3.4
competent person

person which by combination of appropriate qualification, training, experience, and resources, is able to

make objective judgments on the subject
3.5
pressure vessel

assembly of the pressure envelope (including the openings and their closures) and non-pressure-

retaining parts attached directly to it
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3.6
cylinder
transportable pressure receptacle with a water capacity not exceeding 150 l
3.7
contents gauge
device to indicate the liquid level or contents in a pressure vessel
3.8
pressure relief valve
PRV

self-closing valve which automatically, without the assistance of any energy other than that of the vapour

concerned, discharges vapour at a predetermined pressure, and operates with a pop action

3.9
overfill protection device
OPD

device designed to automatically reduce the filling rate to a minimal flow when the fill level reaches a

predetermined amount

Note 1 to entry: In marine applications, the predetermined amount is 80 % of the water capacity.

3.10
filler valve
valve system for liquid fill service
3.11
fusible plug

component protecting the pressure vessel from bursting by venting the LPG content at a pre-set

temperature
3.12
excess flow valve

valve designed to close automatically, with a small residual flow, when the fluid flow passing through it

exceeds a predetermined value, and to re-open when the pressure differential across the valve has been

restored below a certain value
3.13
non-return valve
valve designed to close automatically to restrict reverse flow
3.14
fuel system
installation required to supply LPG to the engine
3.15
pressure regulator
vaporiser

device that vaporises LPG, reduces and/or regulates the outlet pressure to a pre-set value independent

of variations of the inlet pressure and/or the flow rate

Note 1 to entry: The shut-off valve can be integrated in the vaporizer/regulator.

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3.16
hydrostatic relief valve

self-closing valve which automatically, without the assistance of any energy other than that of the fluid

concerned, discharges fluid at a predetermined pressure
3.17
ventilation system

assembly of ducts and an electrical ventilator that is capable of extracting hydrocarbons from the inside

of the watercraft and allowing the entrance of fresh air
3.18
container housing

ventilated enclosure intended solely for storage of one or more LPG containers, pressure regulators and

safety devices, and located on the exterior of the boat where any leakage would flow overboard

3.19
container locker

gas-tight (to the craft) enclosure with an overboard drain, where any leakage would flow overboard,

intended solely for storage of one or more LPG containers in a cockpit or recess in the watercraft

3.20
permanently installed
securely fastened so that tools have to be used for removal
3.21
accessible

capable of being reached for inspection, removal or maintenance without the removal of permanent

watercraft structures

Note 1 to entry: Hatches are not regarded as permanent watercraft structures in this sense, even if tools such as

wrenches or screwdrivers are needed to open them.
3.22
readily accessible

capable of being reached for operation, inspection or maintenance without the removal of any watercraft

structure, the use of any tools or the removal of any item of portable equipment stowed in places intended

for storage of portable equipment such as lockers, drawers or shelves

Note 1 to entry: Hatches are not regarded as permanent watercraft structures in this sense.

3.23
installer

person or organisation who, due to qualifications, training, experience and resources, can assume

technical responsibility for the installation of the LPG propulsion system
3.24
appliance

appliance that is designed for heating, cooking, lighting, refrigeration, hot water production or electricity

production (fuel cell or generator), using LPG as its energy source
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3.25
cockpit

area within the watercraft that can retain water, however briefly, due to rain, waves, boat heeling, etc

Note 1 to entry: Cockpits are normally designed for the accommodation of people but, for the purpose of this

European Standard, the term “cockpit” is used either for a proper cockpit or for any other type of recess. This means

that bulwarks can create a large cockpit, cockpit(s) can be situated anywhere in the boat and a cockpit can open aft

to the sea. Open boats can effectively comprise the whole watercraft is a deck.
3.26
venting tube
duct that connects the gas-tight housing to the atmosphere
3.27
shut-off valve

valve that provides a leak-tight seal which is operated either manually, remotely or is self-closing

3.28
gas detection

revealing of the presence of LPG due to exposure outside the LPG containment system

3.29
bi-fuel

engine designed to operate two separate fuel systems and to run either on LPG or an alternative fuel

3.30
inspection body
independent inspection and testing body approved by the competent authority
3.31
pressure vessel

assembly of the pressure-retaining envelope (including the openings and their closures) and non-

pressure-retaining parts attached directly to it
3.32
liquid LPG injection system

fuel system that feeds the engine by injecting liquid LPG directly into the intake manifold or directly in

the combustion chamber, where it vaporises, and not use a reducer/vaporizer device

3.33
quick-connector
coupling used to provide a fast, make-or-break connection of fluid
Note 1 to entry: in the case of LPG, pressurized - transfer lines
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4 Components
4.1 Overview
The LPG system shall be designed by a competent person.

Individual components of the system, and the system as a whole, shall be designed to withstand the

combined conditions of pressure, vibration, shocks, corrosion and movement encountered under normal

operation.

All materials used in LPG systems shall be compatible with LPG and with other liquids or compounds

with which it might come into contact under normal operating conditions, e.g. grease, lubricating oil, bilge

solvents, fresh water and sea water.

Efforts should be made to prevent grease, lubricating oil, bilge solvents and other chemicals from

contaminating the marine environment.
4.2 LPG containers/cylinders
4.2.1 General

The LPG container(s) shall be protected from corrosion in the marine environment by an adequate

surface treatment system, or be constructed from materials suited to the marine environment.

For the purpose of this standard, two types of LPG pressure vessels are identified:

— cylinders; and
— fixed containers.
4.2.2 Cylinders

LPG cylinders can be used in the liquid or gas/vapour phase to fuel the engine of a watercraft depending

on the choice of technology and the required power.
The cylinders used on watercraft shall comply with one of the following:
a) EN 1442;
b) EN 13110;
c) EN 14140;
d) EN 14427; or
e) an equivalent standard.

The quantity of LPG fuel on board shall be indicated by the use of cylinders fitted with contents gauges or

by the provision of additional reserve cylinder(s).
A PRV shall be fitted to any cylinder greater than 17 l water capacity.
4.2.3 Fixed container
4.2.3.1 General

Fixed containers shall comply with EN 12805, ISO 20826 or an equivalent standard.

Consideration should be given to the potential of liquid movement within the fixed container and

measures put in place. e.g. appropriate design by installing a number of baffles inside.

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4.2.3.2 Components fitted to the fixed container
4.2.3.2.1 General

The fixed container shall be equipped with the following components, which can be either separate or

combined (e.g. multivalve):
a) overfill protection device;
b) filler valve;
c) contents gauge;
d) pressure relief valve(s); and

e) remotely controlled service valve with excess flow valve or equivalent function with an electronically

controlled system.

The filler valve shall incorporate a double non-return valve which shall comply with Annex G of

EN 12806:2003.
4.2.3.2.2 Optional components
The fixed container can be equipped with a:
a) gas-tight housing;
b) electric power/signal feed through for actuators, sensors and LPG fuel pump;
c) LPG fuel pump inside the fixed container;
d) non-return valve in the return circuit of liquid LPG injection system; and
e) fusible plug.
All components fitted to the fixed container shall comply with EN 12806:2003.
4.3 Fuel system components
4.3.1 Pressure regulator/vaporizer

Pressure regulators/vaporisers shall comply with EN 12806 and shall be suitable for use in the marine

environment. with anticorrosion treatment and stainless-steel bolts.

The materials of the pressure regulators/vaporizer, which are in contact with the engine coolant, shall be

compatible with the coolant and shall be designed to withstand a pressure of 200 kPa of the heat

exchange medium.

Pressure regulators/vaporisers shall be tested for corrosion resistance in accordance with Annex E.

4.3.2 Other components

The following components of the fuel system, where used, shall comply with EN 12806:2003 and shall be

suitable for use in the marine environment:
a) shut-off valve;
b) gas injection device or injector;
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c) gas mixing unit;
d) gas dosage unit;
e) flexible fuel hoses and gas pipes;
f) hydrostatic relief valve;
g) LPG filter unit;
h) pressure and/or temperature sensor;
i) service coupling;
j) electronic control unit;
k) fuel rail;
l) filler unit;
m) fuel pump;
n) quick-connector

Additional equipment required for the effective operation of the engine, not covered by EN 12806:2003,

shall only be installed in parts of the LPG system where the pressure is less than 20kPa.

5 Installation requirements
5.1 General requirements

5.1.1 The LPG system shall be installed by a competent person, taking into account the manufacturer's

instructions and sound engineering practices in addition to each of the requirements in 5.1.

5.1.2 All parts of the LPG system, with the exception of the cylinder(s), shall be permanently installed.

5.1.3 Outboard engines and related fuel systems may be removable.

5.1.4 LPG container(s)/cylinder(s) shall be in a specific compartment with its own overboard drain.

5.1.5 A fire-fighting system shall be provided for the engine compartment.
5.1.6 All parts of the LPG system shall be securely fastened.
5.1.7 The completed LPG system shall be adequately protected against corrosion.

5.1.8 All valves and other components intended to be manually operated or observed during the

normal operation of the watercraft, or for emergency purposes, shall be readily accessible.

5.1.9 All other components of the LPG system shall be accessible.

5.1.10 No component of the LPG system shall be located within 100 mm of the exhaust or similar heat

source, unless adequate shielding against heat is provided.
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5.1.11 Clearance between dry exhaust components and an LPG container/cylinder shall not be less than

250 mm, unless an equivalent thermal barrier is provided.
5.1.12 LPG containers/cylin
...

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