Protocol for Management of Electric Vehicles charging and discharging infrastructures - Part 1: Basic Definitions, Use Cases and architecture

The scope of this document, as a basis for the other parts of IEC 63110, covers the definitions, use cases and architecture for the management of electric vehicles charging and discharging infrastructures.
It addresses the general requirements for the establishment of an e-mobility eco-system, therefore covering the communication flows between the different e-mobility actors as well as data flows with the electric power system.
This standard covers the following features:
- Management of energy transfer (e.g. charging session), reporting, including information exchanges related to the required energy, grid usage, contractual data, metering data;
- Asset management of EV supply equipment, including controlling, monitoring, maintenance, provisioning, firmware update, and configuration (profiles) of EV supply equipment;
- Authentication/authorisation/payment of charging and discharging sessions, incl. roaming, pricing and metering information;
- The provision of other e-mobility services;
- Cybersecurity.

Protokoll zum Management von Lade- und Entladeinfrastruktur für Elektrofahrzeuge – Teil 1: Grundlegende Begriffe, Anwendungsfälle und Architektur

Protocole de gestion des infrastructures de charge et de décharge des véhicules électriques - Partie 1: Définitions de base, cas d'utilisation et architectures

L'IEC 63110-1:2022, qui sert de base aux autres parties de l'IEC 63110, couvre les définitions, cas d'utilisation et architectures pour la gestion des infrastructures de charge et de décharge des véhicules électriques.
Elle porte sur les exigences générales relatives à la mise en place d'un écosystème de mobilité électrique et couvre donc les flux de communication entre les différents acteurs de mobilité électrique, ainsi que les flux de données avec le système d'alimentation électrique.
Le présent document couvre les caractéristiques suivantes:
– la gestion du transfert d'énergie (session de charge, par exemple), la consignation, y compris les échanges d'informations relatives à l'énergie exigée, l'utilisation du réseau électrique, les données contractuelles et les données de comptage;
– la gestion des actifs du SAVE, y compris le contrôle, la surveillance, la maintenance, l'approvisionnement, la mise à jour du micrologiciel et la configuration (profils) du SAVE;
– l'authentification/l'autorisation/le paiement des sessions de charge et de décharge, y compris les informations d'itinérance, de tarification et de comptage;
– la fourniture d'autres services de mobilité électrique;
– la cybersécurité.

Protokol za upravljanje z infrastrukturo za polnjenje in praznjenje električnih vozil - 1. del: Osnovne definicije, primeri uporabe in arhitektura

Področje uporabe tega dokumenta kot podlaga za druge dele standarda IEC 63110 zajema definicije, primere uporabe ter arhitekturo za upravljanje z infrastrukturo za polnjenje in praznjenje električnih vozil.
Obravnava splošne zahteve za vzpostavitev ekosistema e-mobilnosti, torej zajema komunikacijske tokove med različnimi akterji e-mobilnosti ter tokove podatkov z elektroenergetskim sistemom.
Ta standard obravnava naslednje teme:
– upravljanje prenosa energije (npr. seja polnjenja), poročanje, vključno z izmenjavo informacij v zvezi s potrebno energijo, uporabo omrežja, pogodbenimi podatki, merilnimi podatki;
– upravljanje sredstev opreme za napajanje električnih vozil, vključno z nadzorom, spremljanjem, vzdrževanjem, omogočanjem uporabe, posodobitvijo vdelane programske opreme in konfiguracijo (profili) opreme za napajanje električnih vozil;
– potrjevanje pristnosti/avtorizacija/plačevanje sej polnjenja in praznjenja, vključno z informacijami o gostovanju, cenah in merjenju;
– zagotavljanje drugih storitev e-mobilnosti;
– kibernetska varnost.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Oct-2022
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Oct-2022
Due Date
17-Dec-2022
Completion Date
20-Oct-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
01-november-2022

Protokol za upravljanje z infrastrukturo za polnjenje in praznjenje električnih vozil -

1. del: Osnovne definicije, primeri uporabe in arhitektura

Protocol for Management of Electric Vehicles charging and discharging infrastructures -

Part 1: Basic Definitions, Use Cases and architecture
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 63110-1:2022
ICS:
43.120 Električna cestna vozila Electric road vehicles
SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 63110-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM September 2022
ICS 43.120; 03.100.70
English Version
Protocol for management of electric vehicles charging and
discharging infrastructures - Part 1: Basic definitions, use cases
and architectures
(IEC 63110-1:2022)

Protocole de gestion des infrastructures de charge et de Protokoll zum Management von Lade- und

décharge des véhicules électriques - Partie 1: Définitions de Entladeinfrastruktur für Elektrofahrzeuge - Teil 1:

base, cas d'utilisation et architectures Grundlegende Begriffe, Anwendungsfälle und Architektur

(IEC 63110-1:2022) (IEC 63110-1:2022)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2022-09-02. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Türkiye and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 63110-1:2022 E
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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
EN IEC 63110-1:2022 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 69/837/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 63110-1, prepared by IEC/TC 69 "Electrical

power/energy transfer systems for electrically propelled road vehicles and industrial trucks" was

submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 63110-1:2022.

The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2023-06-02

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2025-09-02

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national committee. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CENELEC website.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 63110-1:2022 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 61850-7-420 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61850-7-420
IEC 61851-1:2017 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61851-1:2019 (not modified)
IEC 61851-23 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61851-23
IEC 61851-25 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61851-25
IEC 61970 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 61970 (series)
IEC 62559-2:2015 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62559-2:2015 (not modified)
IEC 63119 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 63119 (series)
ISO 15118-1:2019 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 15118-1:2019 (not modified)
ISO 15118-20 NOTE Harmonized as EN ISO 15118-20
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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
EN IEC 63110-1:2022 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the

relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available

here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
ISO 15118 series Road vehicles - Vehicle to grid EN ISO 15118 series
communication interface
- 2013 INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE - -
(IETF). RFC 6960: X.509 Internet Public
Key Infrastructure Online Certificate Status
Protocol – OCSP [online]. S. Santesson et
al. June 2013 [viewed 2022-01-26].
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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
IEC 63110-1
Edition 1.0 2022-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Protocol for management of electric vehicles charging and discharging
infrastructures –
Part 1: Basic definitions, use cases and architectures
Protocole de gestion des infrastructures de charge et de décharge des
véhicules électriques –
Partie 1: Définitions de base, cas d'utilisation et architectures
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 03.100.70; 43.120 ISBN 978-2-8322-3868-4

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
– 2 – IEC 63110-1:2022 © IEC 2022
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 6

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 9

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms, definitions, and abbreviated terms ..................................................................... 10

3.1 Terms and definitions............................................................................................ 10

3.1.14 Constraints .................................................................................................... 11

3.1.40 Session ......................................................................................................... 15

3.1.41 Transaction ................................................................................................... 16

3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 17

4 Actors and architecture model ....................................................................................... 18

4.1 Actors ................................................................................................................... 18

4.2 Architecture model ................................................................................................ 18

4.3 IEC 63110 metamodel........................................................................................... 19

4.4 Actors and system view ........................................................................................ 21

4.5 Implementation examples ..................................................................................... 23

5 Roles, actors, domains descriptions .............................................................................. 23

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 23

5.2 Uses cases type descriptions ................................................................................ 23

5.3 Description of the business roles .......................................................................... 24

5.4 Description of the system actors ........................................................................... 24

5.5 Domain description ............................................................................................... 24

5.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 24

5.5.2 Deliver energy transfer services .................................................................... 25

5.5.3 Deliver e-mobility services ............................................................................. 26

5.5.4 Manage charging station ................................................................................ 26

6 Events, loops and sessions ........................................................................................... 27

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 27

6.2 Sessions and transactions description .................................................................. 28

7 General requirements .................................................................................................... 29

7.1 Generalities .......................................................................................................... 29

7.2 Communication protocol requirements .................................................................. 29

7.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 29

7.2.2 Data transfer ................................................................................................. 29

7.3 Communication architecture requirements ............................................................ 30

7.4 User specific requirements .................................................................................... 30

7.5 CSMS implementation requirements ..................................................................... 30

7.6 Interface requirements between CEM, RM and CSMS ........................................... 30

7.7 Grid specific requirements .................................................................................... 31

7.8 DSO requirements ................................................................................................ 31

7.9 Cybersecurity requirements .................................................................................. 31

7.9.1 General ......................................................................................................... 31

7.9.2 Security considerations for information .......................................................... 31

7.9.3 Threat analysis .............................................................................................. 35

7.9.4 Security requirements .................................................................................... 36

7.9.5 Relation with use cases ................................................................................. 37

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7.10 Safety requirements .............................................................................................. 37

8 Use cases ..................................................................................................................... 37

8.1 Generalities .......................................................................................................... 37

8.2 Energy domain use cases ..................................................................................... 38

8.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 38

8.2.2 Use case list of the energy domain ................................................................ 38

8.2.3 Smart charging management ......................................................................... 39

8.2.4 Charging with demand response .................................................................... 43

8.2.5 CSMS – RM exchange of information at the initiative of the CSMS ................ 46

8.2.6 CSMS – RM exchange of information at the initiative of the RM ..................... 49

8.2.7 Power variation triggered by DSO .................................................................. 51

8.2.8 Actors' relations during a V2G session .......................................................... 54

8.2.9 Information exchange required to ensure a dynamic energy transfer

control ........................................................................................................... 56

8.2.10 Providing frequency regulation service by means of decentralized

frequency measurements ............................................................................... 58

8.3 Manage CS domain use cases .............................................................................. 62

8.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 62

8.3.2 Use case list of the manage CS domain ......................................................... 62

8.3.3 Discover CS configuration ............................................................................. 63

8.3.4 Update a CS component properties ............................................................... 66

8.3.5 Monitor a CS ................................................................................................. 69

8.3.6 Update the firmware of a CS .......................................................................... 71

8.3.7 Reboot a CS .................................................................................................. 75

8.3.8 The CSMS sets the information to be presented to the user ........................... 78

8.3.9 The CSMS sets log criteria ............................................................................ 80

8.3.10 Retrieve log information from the CS ............................................................. 82

8.3.11 Fault-code provisioning.................................................................................. 85

8.3.12 Information deletion triggered to CSMS by an SA .......................................... 87

8.3.13 CS deregistration ........................................................................................... 90

8.3.14 Migration of the CS ........................................................................................ 93

8.3.15 Onboarding the CS ........................................................................................ 95

8.3.16 CA certificate provisioning ............................................................................. 97

8.3.17 ISO 15118 OCSP response messages ......................................................... 101

8.3.18 Install CS certificate .................................................................................... 104

8.3.19 Install the certificate of the local CSMS ....................................................... 107

8.3.20 Install CS certificate with key pairs created outside ..................................... 110

8.3.21 Certificate revocation ................................................................................... 113

8.4 Deliver e-mobility services domain use cases ..................................................... 115

8.4.1 General ....................................................................................................... 115

8.4.2 Use case list for deliver e-mobility service domain ....................................... 116

8.4.3 Reservation of an EVSE .............................................................................. 116

8.4.4 Authorization with locally presented credentials ........................................... 120

8.4.5 Authorization by external means .................................................................. 122

8.4.6 Inform EVU about tariff during charging session .......................................... 124

8.4.7 Inform EVU about tariff during operation ...................................................... 126

8.4.8 SDR information production ......................................................................... 128

8.4.9 ISO 15118 contract certificate installation/update ........................................ 129

Annex A (informative) Implementation examples ................................................................ 134

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A.1 General ............................................................................................................... 134

A.2 A simple home example or a single EVSE at kerbside ......................................... 134

A.3 A more complex home with one or more CSs ...................................................... 134

A.4 Parking lots or high-power CS example............................................................... 136

A.5 A CS with local production and storage ............................................................... 136

Annex B (informative) Requirements used for selecting the transport technology ............... 138

B.1 Message specific timeouts shall be supported..................................................... 138

B.2 Transport foundation shall be IP based – with IPv4 and IPv6 support.................. 138

B.3 It shall be possible to transport encrypted and/or signed message payload

sub-elements ...................................................................................................... 138

B.4 The communication between a CSC and a CSMS shall be encrypted

(transport layer) .................................................................................................. 139

B.5 Bidirectional communication shall be possible ..................................................... 139

B.6 Long messages shall not block urgent messages ................................................ 139

B.7 Message payload encoding shall be memory and CPU efficient .......................... 139

B.8 Message priority shall be under the control of the application layer ..................... 139

B.9 Asynchronous message transfer shall be supported ............................................ 140

B.10 Authentication with related session mechanism shall be supported ..................... 140

B.11 Multicast messages should be supported ............................................................ 140

B.12 Addressing scheme needs to be supported ......................................................... 140

B.13 Coordinated time at CS level shall be supported ................................................. 140

B.14 Message encoding shall support non-standard payload elements ....................... 141

B.15 Message encoding shall support versioning ........................................................ 141

B.16 Communication shall be delay tolerant ................................................................ 141

B.17 The communication technology should have a high reliability in payload

delivery ............................................................................................................... 141

B.18 The selected communication technology should not have a single point of

failure ................................................................................................................. 142

B.19 Technology shall have proven implementations .................................................. 142

B.20 Technology shall not have intellectual property restrictions ................................. 142

B.21 The communication technology shall be stable ................................................... 142

B.22 Fine grained authorization shall be supported ..................................................... 143

B.23 Communication layer shall be supported by at least two operating systems

and embedded platforms for CS and CSMS ........................................................ 143

B.24 Interoperability with conventional information models used in power industry ...... 143

B.25 Communication layer shall support IEC 63110's multi-level architecture for

CSMS ................................................................................................................. 144

B.26 Efficient support for binary payload ..................................................................... 145

B.27 Communication layer shall support request/response and publish/subscribe

patterns .............................................................................................................. 145

Annex C (informative) Example of a complex service session ............................................ 146

C.1 Visual representation .......................................................................................... 146

C.2 Description ......................................................................................................... 146

Annex D (informative) Classification of use cases impacts ................................................. 148

Annex E (informative) Security use case sequence ............................................................ 150

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 151

Figure 1 – Actor's interactions............................................................................................... 18

Figure 2 – Architecture model of the component layer ........................................................... 19

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Figure 3 – IEC 63110 metamodel .......................................................................................... 20

Figure 4 – IEC 63110 top-level architecture .......................................................................... 21

Figure 5 – Actors .................................................................................................................. 21

Figure 6 – Generic communication architecture – System view ............................................. 22

Figure 7 – Charging site with two charging site zones controlled by a CSMS ........................ 23

Figure 8 – Example of service session .................................................................................. 28

Figure 9 – Example of simultaneous service sessions ........................................................... 29

Figure 10 – Smart charging sequence diagram ..................................................................... 43

Figure A.1 – A simple home with one CS ............................................................................ 134

Figure A.2 – Complex home with one CS ............................................................................ 135

Figure A.3 – Complex home with two charging stations ....................................................... 135

Figure A.4 – Parking lot example ........................................................................................ 136

Figure A.5 – CS with local production and battery storage .................................................. 137

Figure C.1 – Example of a complex service session ............................................................ 146

Figure E.1 – Security use case sequence ........................................................................... 150

Table 1 – Business roles of the e-mobility domain ................................................................ 24

Table 2 – System actors of the e-mobility domain ................................................................. 24

Table 3 – Security considerations by information .................................................................. 32

Table 4 – List of use cases of the energy domain ................................................................. 39

Table 5 – List of use cases of the manage CS domain .......................................................... 62

Table 6 – List of use cases of the e-mobility domain ........................................................... 116

Table D.1 – Use case classification of the energy domain ................................................... 148

Table D.2 – Use case classification for the manage CS domain .......................................... 149

Table D.3 – Use case classification of the deliver e-mobility services domain ..................... 149

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SIST EN IEC 63110-1:2022
– 6 – IEC 63110-1:2022 © IEC 2022
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
PROTOCOL FOR MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES
CHARGING AND DISCHARGING INFRASTRUCTURES –
Part 1: Basic definitions, use cases and architectures
FOREWORD

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